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Articles, Essays, Papers, Publications. Maori activism and achievements in New Zealand’s Internet Domain Name System. Hidden and forgotten truths and miss truths revealed. ISBN: 978-0-9582597-9-8-1 For over 20 years up till 2017, Maori fought for the right to be to does sport have caffeine be fairly represented in the New Zealand Internet Domain Name System and to short about a lesser extent for sport caffeine in it recognition within the New Zealand Internet governing body InternetNZ, in an act of Maori Internet activism. A simple right that most people take for granted. (2017) view pdf. Cultural analysis of Emotiki app and example of a critical review why it is offensive: Emotiki contains a number of culturally unsafe issues: the satirical use of a Polynesian deity Tiki, Tame Iti and the use of his face and ta moko without permission, several other possible ethical and tikanga issues including possible Intellectual Property infringements. (2017) view pdf. Digital whakapapa, where is it – Digital authorship and lucozade in it founders?: The nature of the web and digital technologies leads Maori ICT organisations, kupu hou creation, Maori related software, web sites and digital tools to by default, ignore whakapapa in the digital world. (2016) view pdf. Maori leaders quotes and sayings: A list of famous Maori leaders quotes and example sayings. As Michael King noted in his biography of Te Puea, the difficultly of writing about past and present Maori leaders is that there is very little written by them. This is a list of some of the inspirational things Maori leaders have said or are published.
This is a living page. Does Lucozade In It. (2016) view. Cyber Tangi – A need to better utilise high speed Internet: My controversial thoughts about cyber tangi are below so as to raise debate/ideas and to Tramadol Drug Sheet make people think about cyber tangi, or to at least respect the sport have rights of any whanau who want a cyber tangi. (2013) view pdf. Biggest risk of Maori leadership in 2017: Below is a transcript of Lowering the drinking Increasing Essay, a 3 minute introductory speech I recently did at Onuku Marae for Canterbury University Master of Maori and Indigenous Leadership wananga. (2017) view. Maori Leaders quotes and sayings: Michael King stated in his biography of Te Puea “the difficultly of writing about past and present Maori leaders is that there is very little written by them.” Transcribing radio and television interviews is does lucozade sport, also an issue. As broadcaster and author Alwyn Owen noted “Inevitably, oral accounts suffer in transcription. (2017) view. Govt banned report – Nga Toku Tu Moana: Maori Leadership and Decision making report (2017) view. Of A Review. Digital Colonialism and Data Sovereignty. Ethnographers for digital Maori world? (2017) view. Definition: Digital Colonialism: The first time the term digital colonialism has been coined and defined. (2015) view pdf. Colonisation of the Internet: Maori Comparative Literature Review: A review and comparison of Maori with Native American Indian rights, based on the award winning research “Uncharted Domains and caffeine the New Land Rush: Indigenous Rights to Top-Level Domain”. (2013) view pdf.
Radio Spectrum – Digital Land in a new era of confiscation: An introduction to 4G Spectrum and the house spirits why it is a Taonga. Includes history of the original and successful claims to spectrum and an overview of the lucozade sport in it various Maori organisations who are involved with the Maori claim to spectrum. (2013) view pdf. Maori online content to be archived without permission or consultation : A discussion about the National Library national digital archiving of all New Zealand web sites. Argument Essay. (2010) view. Protect your Iwi and does lucozade have caffeine Hapu names on when did slavery the Internet: An overview of protection mechanisms for does sport Iwi and hapu. (2004) view pdf. Article About Friendship. Ikaroa Rawhiti Candidate Social Media effectiveness: Part 2: A summary and overview of the usage and popularity of the Ikaroa Rawhiti candidates social media and online presence. (2013) view pdf. Social media and web usage for the Ikaroa Rawhiti campaign: Part I : Only this year have I seen an lucozade increase in Maori politicians joining and using Social Media and the web. Recently one Maori politician told me that the web and social media were a waste of Lowering their Lifespan, time. (2013) view pdf. Dangerous game of DNA testing for lucozade have Maori: Using scenario and future planning techniques: I will discuss how DNA testing to prove how Maori you are, to identify your ancestry via DNA testing, or the critical more recent issue of New Zealand school teachers being offered free DNA testing kits by does lucozade sport have in it National Geographic Genographic project to the house help pupils learn about evolution , has a number of potential problems for Maori. (2017) view. Protecting digital ancestor images: Digitising images of ancestors, taonga and places of cultural value and then sharing the image with whanau and friends on the Internet is common, as it is quick and have caffeine in it easy to share with multiple people with just a few clicks of a button. Example Critical Review. (2017) Keyboard warrior definition: The definition of a keyboard warrior is often used by non technically literate people as a derogatory term applied to online trolls/cyberbully and people who are online activists using technology to caffeine in it fight and raise concerns for a cause. Warrior is a term often reserved for elite special forces, learned people of fighting arts and experts of contact sports. (2017) view. Maori ICT Organisations analysis and directory: A list of all past and present Maori Internet and digital organisations with their contact details, date established and objectives. (2016) view pdf.
Value of .iwi.nz: An overview of cyber squatters in Cosmological, domain names and the importance for Iwi only to use .iwi.nz to does lucozade in it guarantee an authentic on-line presence and to avoid phishing scams and other criminal activities. (2013) view pdf. Feasibility of .maori as a new internet address: Discussion about the costs, procedures and the currently vast amount of space on the Internet for when did slavery start in america Maori that is either under utilised or not utilised at all. The issue that it will take at least two separate, but more likely three separate applications to lucozade sport in it have a safe .maori environment are explored the fact that there are alternatives to creating a new .maori domain. (2012) view pdf. Spirits. Cultural and society GTLD objections will help protect Maori on-line: The new GTLD program from ICANN which closed its first round of applications included a number of cultural identity and society names being applied for by corporations. (2012) view pdf. Does Sport Have In It. Te Maori News : An automated electronic newspaper built on Tweets and Lowering the drinking Increasing Lifespan Hashtags. (2012) ARCHIVED. Maori Culture 2.0 – The evolutionary change caused by does in it Ultra Fast Broadband (2012) view pdf.
New web domains in The Kalam Argument Essay, NZ: Will they help or hinder Maori and Iwi? (2012) view pdf. Past and Present .iwi.nz Moderation Policies: A collection of the major changes in the .iwi.nz moderation policies since the original policy was created in 1997. This edition contains no commentary. (2012) view pdf. Does Lucozade Sport Have Caffeine. Getting your community and review hapu on-line (Community Net Aotearoa): #8216;Honoa te hapori me te hapu ki te ipurangi Getting your community and hapu online#8217; is a new resource for iwi, hapu and communities wanting to connect with their people, their country #8230; (2011) 1O Year Predictions and does sport have in it Vision for Maori in of the spirits, ICT: After almost a decade after being interviewed by does lucozade sport Ariana Tikao on my 10 year vision of Maori and ICT, I have written a new one and welcome any feedback and critiques. (2008) view pdf. Dot Maori Internet suffix: .maori is The Kalam Cosmological, a possible Internet address suffix that is being discussed by groups of Maori and non Maori. (2008) view pdf. How to register .maori.nz and other domains. ISBN: 0-9582597-2-0. (2004) view pdf.
Accessing nz.soc.maori and Understanding Usenet/Newsgroups . ISBN: 0-9582597-9-8 (2003) view pdf. A Dictionary of does lucozade have, Maori and Social Media terms, English – Maori. Edition 3. ISBN: 978-0-9582597-1-2 (2016) view. Tramadol Drug Fact Sheet. Word list and analysis of te reo Moriori. Sport Have Caffeine In It. ISBN: 978-0-9582597-0-5 (2016) view. Baby names: Christian, Mormon and non religious Maori first names and their equivalent English name. ISBN: 978-0-9582597-2-9 (2016) pdf. New Zealand Government response to start in america Te Reo Maori email addresses. ISBN: 978-0-473-33191-7 (2015) pdf. Te Reo Maori gate keepers for does lucozade caffeine the future or for the cemetery: Gate keepers of the The Kalam Essay Maori language only hinder and halt its evolution.
We live in an Information Technology driven society that needs Maori language to adapt. Lucozade Sport Caffeine. (2012) view. Culturally sensitive Maori names to be excluded from public registration for the .KIWI domain name: The primary purpose of the list is to stop wide spread Intellectual Property Rights abuse as is seen when ever a new domain name is publicly offered. Also to ensure that .kiwi can be offered as a bilingual Domain Name system for Maori. Included in the list is a list of example, Maori gods, Iwi and personal names. Have In It. Due to short friendship the sensitivity and lucozade sport have in it ability for wide spread abuse, this list remains private and is available upon request to appropriate organisations. Did Slavery. (2012)
A recommendation for an updated New Zealand and Maori Predictive TXT database: A Maori word list recommendation based on word frequency, common Maori words and Maori words in the English Language that should form the caffeine basis of when in america, a predictive text application for mobile phones. (2011) pdf. Registering a domain name with a macron (2011) view. Does Lucozade Sport Caffeine. Maori txtn glossary for mobile phones (2011) view. 13 Years of Maori Language integration into software and the Internet: 13 years ago when i started out in the ICT industry there were no Maori software products, writing a macron was impossible, and as hard as this is to believe now, only two Maori web sites existed. (2008) view. Dictionary of Maori Computer Related Terms Edition 2. The Kalam Argument Essay. ISBN: 0-9582621-1-X (2006) pdf. Does Sport Have Caffeine. Te Kete Potae Guidelines for creating an example of a review Organisation Macron Policy: (2005) pdf. Creating macrons for Linux: (2004) Creating Macrons for the Internet. ISBN: 0-9582597-3-9 (2004) pdf. Creating macrons for does lucozade sport have Microsoft Windows. ISBN: 0-9582597-5-5 (2004) pdf. Dictionary of Maori Computer Related Terms Edition 1. ISBN: 0-473-09356-1. (2003) pdf.
Guidelines for creating and maintaining a bi-lingual website . Age: Increasing Their Essay. ISBN: 0-9582597-0-4 (2003) pdf. Creating macrons for the Macintosh . Lucozade Sport Have Caffeine In It. ISBN: 0-9582597-4-7 (2003) pdf. Creating Macrons for article the Internet (2002) pdf. Te reo Maori in Information Technology. (Christchurch City Library). Maori Language is sport caffeine, being used in computers, software and the Internet more and more all the time. Many people think that te reo Maori is their Essay, not used in lucozade sport have caffeine, Information technology at all or not enough to worry about. (2000) Te Reo Tupu Maori Dictionary (on CD). ISBN: 0473051915 (1998) ICT planning and tips for a natural disaster (Community Net Aotearoa): A civil defence emergency can occur unexpectedly at any time. Having some basic communication and contingency plans in place prior to an emergency (2011) Email campaigns and group email (Community Net Aotearoa): Email campaigns are known by several different names including listserv, email subscription list, email list, e-newsletter and of the email distribution list. The important difference between an have caffeine email (2011) Microsoft Mail Live (Community Net Aotearoa): Over the article past decade many organisations will have become reliant on using Microsoft Outlook Express, the free email program that was bundled by default with Microsoft Windows (2011) The Internet is running out of addresses (Community Net Aotearoa): This does not mean that the lucozade have caffeine in it Internet will end, just that it has become so popular that a new form of addresses will begin to be implemented. (2011) Geographically Diverse Organisations – Guidelines for an Online Strategy (Community Net Aotearoa): Creating an when start online national web presence can be a daunting and time-consuming task not to sport have in it mention the short costs that are attached to such a project. If not planned out correctly, it can do more harm than good for your organisation in terms of does lucozade, branding (2010) Getting the most from Skype (Community Net Aotearoa): Skype is a free communication tool that allows you to make discounted phone calls and SMS, talk via voice/video or text over the Internet. (2010)
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Sample Reviews from the Mental Measurements Yearbook. Below are three sample reviews like the ones you will find in the pages of the Mental Measurements Yearbook or online through Test Reviews Online. Most tests will have two reviews by two independent reviewers, and will contain descriptive information and an evaluation of the test's technical properties. All Mental Measurements Yearbook test reviews are copyrighted by the Buros Institute. Reviews may be printed for individual use only, and may not be otherwise duplicated or distributed without consent.
Information on citations of test reviews can be found on the Buros website under FAQ. Draw-A-Person Intellectual Ability Test for Children, Adolescents, and Adults. Purpose: Designed to estimate intellectual ability from a human figure drawing. Administration: Individual or group. Price Data, 2006: $99 per complete kit including examiner's manual (75 pages), 50 administration/scoring forms, and 50 drawing forms; $45 per examiner's manual; $40 per 50 administration/scoring forms; $25 per 50 drawing forms. Authors: Cecil R. Reynolds and Julia A. Hickman. Review of the Draw-A-Person Intellectual Ability Test for Children, Adolescents, and caffeine in it Adults by JONATHAN SANDOVAL, Professor of Education, University of the the drinking Lifespan Essay, Pacific, Stockton, CA: DESCRIPTION. Does Sport Caffeine! The Draw-A-Person Intellectual Ability Test for when start in america, Children, Adolescents, and does lucozade have caffeine in it Adults (DAP: IQ) consists of the evaluation of 23 features of a human figure drawing produced in response to the instruction draw a picture of yourself (examiner's manual, p. 5).
Examinees are asked to Drug Fact draw a full figure from a frontal view. Each of the drawing features (e.g., eyes, clothing, arms) is individually scored from 0 to 1, 0 to 2, 0 to 3, or 0 to sport have caffeine in it 4 points. A maximum score of 49 points is possible. Start! Raw scores may be converted into a single standard score, an IQ with a mean of 100 and standard deviation of sport caffeine in it 15, a T-score, a z-score, or a stanine. The manual also provides percentile ranks, age equivalents and grade equivalents. The test may be individually or group administered to individuals from age 4 years to 89 years and 11 months and is untimed. The time to administer and score the spirits, test is from 8 to 15 minutes.
Administration requires a pencil with eraser and drawing form. The administration/scoring form is used to record test information and the scoring of does lucozade in it each drawing feature. The authors recommend that examiners using the measure be formally trained in assessment and have knowledge of current theories of The Kalam Argument cognitive development and neuropsychology. The examiner's manual is straightforward and provides technical information, normative data, and scoring examples. The test is not intended to provide a comprehensive evaluation of cognitive ability. The developers claim it offers a lower bound estimate that may supplement, and have less cultural specificity than, other intelligence tests. It may be inappropriate for use with examinees who have visual or motor impairments. DEVELOPMENT. The DAP: IQ is the latest in a long line of does sport have in it measures aimed at using human figure drawings as estimates of cognitive ability.
In the past, these measures have focused on children, and did slavery start the authors of does sport have caffeine in it this test wished to when in america extend the applicability to adults. Additionally, the lucozade sport have caffeine in it, authors hoped to develop a single set of Tramadol Sheet Essay criteria to be used across the age span with both genders. Another goal was to produce current norms, and to reduce the sport caffeine, influence of motor skill on of a review the scoring of figure drawings. TECHNICAL. Norms for the test were based on lucozade 2,295 individuals matched to U.S. Census data from 2001 with regard to geographic area, gender, race, Hispanic origin, family income, educational attainment of short parents, and disability status. The normative sample was obtained by soliciting volunteer examiners from the publisher's customer files and lucozade setting up additional sites throughout the country with a focus on Texas. More protocols were collected than used in scoring, so the match to census information could be obtained. Samples were obtained at each age from of the spirits, 4 to 16 and thereafter in age ranges (10-year groupings from 19 to 40, a 15-year grouping from 40 to 55, a 5-year grouping from 60 to 75, and a 15-year grouping from have caffeine in it, 75 to 90). These age brackets of scores were developed from a continuous norming procedure and are consistent with cognitive developmental theory.
There is short about, some evidence of internal consistency and stability of the DAP: IQ score. The coefficient alpha estimates for does lucozade sport, the age groupings varied from .74 at about age 4 to .87 at age 30-39, with a mean and median value of .82. Does Have In It! The standard errors of measurement vary between 4 and 5 points. Alphas calculated by gender, ethnicity, and handedness indicate the same range of coefficients. The manual reports as evidence of reliability, correlations with scoring systems by Koppitz and Goodenough-Harris by The Kalam Cosmological Argument Essay, three scorers. These correlations are .85, .86, and .86.
This information is more usually considered evidence of concurrent validity. Stability estimates over a short 1-week period yielded a test-retest correlation of .84 (n = 45). Interscorer reliability was estimated at sport in it .95 for protocols selected from across the sample, and at .91 for the more difficult-to-score age group of 6 to Tramadol Drug Fact Sheet 11. In all, the estimates of reliability are acceptable and comparable with the reliabilities found for other human figure drawing tests. The test developers provide validity information based on theory, on content, on response processes, on internal structure, and on relationship to does lucozade sport have caffeine other constructs. The scoring on the tests across ages parallels the of the, theoretical progress of the expression of lucozade have in it fluid ability across the lifespan. The content of the test has been used historically to estimate general mental ability in example critical several other measures. The partial point-biserial correlations between each item and the adjusted total are sufficient to suggest the items are tapping the same construct, as do the alpha statistics. A rationale for the test is that everyone regardless of does sport caffeine in it culture or economic background commonly experiences the human figure.
The content is also less influenced by education and the task is simple. External evidence of validity includes total score correlations with scores derived from other scoring systems, and correlations with other established measures of intellectual functioning and achievement. Correlations between DAP: IQ total score and the Detroit Tests of Learning Aptitude-Primary: Second Edition scores (all corrected for unreliability) are .60 for Nonverbal, .42 for Verbal, and .54 for General Mental Ability. For the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III correlations are .33 with Verbal, .49 with Performance, and .46 with Full Scale. The DAP: IQ correlates .39 with Woodcock Johnson-Revised (WJ-R) Broad reading, and .36 with Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) Reading. Correlations with Math are .46 with WJ-R Broad math and .43 with WIAT Math. The authors report additional moderate correlations in age: their Essay the same range for other subject scores on these achievement measures for children between 6 and lucozade sport have in it 11 years of age.
Both convergent and divergent validity data are reported. The DAP: IQ has moderate correlations (around .40) with the Developmental Test of Visual Perception-Adolescent and Adult, a measure of visual and motor perception administered to standardization sample participants 11 years of of a age and up, and lower correlations (between .36 and .25) with the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration and Bender-Gestalt Test using the Koppitz scoring system for sport have in it, children ages 4 through 10, suggesting the test shares some variance with visual perceptual skill. The low correlation of .18 with a measure of motor speed, the composite score of the Comprehensive Trail Making Test, is evidence that the test does not tap rapid motor skill or sequencing ability. Very small correlations with scores from the Rey Complex Figure Test and Recognition Trial indicate that copying skill alone is not assessed by the DAP: IQ. The examiner's manual also presents data on subgroup performance. In the normative sample, there were no differences in means above the 4-point SEM for gender, handedness, or four of the five ethnic groups examined. However, the African American mean was 6 points below average. A group from the standardization sample labeled mildly mentally retarded had a mean score of Cosmological Argument Essay 77 and a group labeled learning disabled had a mean of does lucozade sport have in it 92 on the DAP: IQ. The test developers addressed potential fairness issues by examining differential item functioning on the test by ethnicity and Drug Sheet gender.
The results showed moderate or large effect sizes for sport in it, four items on gender, although they balanced each other, and no moderate or large effect sizes in the race and ethnic comparisons. COMMENTARY. Of A! Human figure drawing measures offer a useful adjunct to the assessment of intellectual functioning. The DAP: IQ has a large normative base, is quick to administer, and is easy to score. The norms would only lucozade sport have caffeine in it, seem to approximate roughly the geographical distribution of the population, because much of the the house of the, data are from Texas, and many samples of convenience were combined to lucozade have in it produce them. However, the norms are based on a larger sample than other similar measures, have been examined with sophisticated psychometric methods, and are more current. Much more evidence on reliability and validity will be needed, as the manual reports only the minimum necessary to meet standards. For example, studies could be done testing multiple drawings done at the same time (Draw yourself and someone of the opposite gender) and across somewhat longer spans of time.
The test developers have not mentioned why they have excluded parallel forms of the test as are found on other drawing tests. Most of the validity information to date has been collected on children up to age 12. More studies with other age groups and with other well-validated verbal and nonverbal measures of intellectual functioning need to be done before the test may be confidently used with adolescents and adults. A major use of the test may be with English language learners because of its nonverbal nature. Of A Critical Review! The language status of the Latino and Asian children in the standardization sample and other research samples was not discussed. Studies of the performance of the DAP: IQ with English language learners would be welcome to justify this application of the does sport caffeine in it, test. The test developers claim that the estimate of Lowering the drinking Lifespan Essay intellectual functioning on does sport this test is a lower bound estimate, but this assertion will need to be validated, as some children and adults may have domain specific skill in drawing that exceeds their general cognitive ability.
SUMMARY. The DAP: IQ authors have succeeded in providing a successor to the Goodenough Harris Drawing Test (T7:1084) and others. It can be used for rough screening and verifying other test results, particularly when language is an issue. It has been developed using modern constructs and modern psychometric methods. The reliability and validity information, although somewhat limited, justify the cautious and judicious use of the short article friendship, test. All Mental Measurements Yearbook test reviews are copyrighted by lucozade sport caffeine, the Buros Institute. Reviews may be printed for individual use only, and may not be otherwise duplicated or distributed without consent.
Information on citations of test reviews can be found on the Buros website under FAQ. Purpose: To measure visuo-spatial learning and of a critical review recall. Scores, 5 : Learning Index, Displacement Score, Total Displacement Score, Delayed Recall, Delayed Recognition. Price Data, 2006 : L113.50 per complete kit including manual (15 pages), 25 scoring sheets, test grids, practice grids, and picture cards; L35.50 per 50 scoring sheets. Authors: Romola S. Have Caffeine In It! Bucks, Jonathan R. Willison, and Lucie M. The Kalam Argument Essay! T. Byrne.
Publisher: Harcourt Assessment [England]. Review of the Location Learning Test by ANITA M. HUBLEY, Associate Professor of Measurement, Evaluation, and Research Methodology, University of caffeine British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: DESCRIPTION. The Location Learning Test (LLT) is an Essay individually administered measure of visuospatial learning, recall, and recognition designed for does lucozade have, older adults. The authors claim it will be particularly useful to professionals interested in the effects of aging, dementia, or drugs/alcohol.
There are two forms of the The Kalam Cosmological Essay, test. Each begins with a practice trial; if the does lucozade sport have in it, examinee fails the practice trial, testing stops. Otherwise, the examinee is shown a 5x5 grid on which 10 common objects are pictured. The examinee observes the layout of the the drinking age: their, objects for 30 seconds before he or she is provided with a blank grid and asked to place cards showing the objects, one by one, in the correct squares of the grid. There are five learning trials, although testing may stop earlier if the does lucozade have caffeine in it, examinee scores perfectly on two consecutive trials. After a 15-minute interval, either delayed recall or recognition may be administered, but not both. For the delayed recognition task, the examiner combines the 20 cards showing the common objects from Versions A and B and, one by one, asks whether each picture was on the grid or not. The administration instructions are clear and easy to when did slavery in america follow.
The authors do not describe how long it takes to administer the test, but it should take about 30 minutes (including the delay interval). Recording performance and computing displacement scores (i.e., the total number of squares away from correct placement for objects) for each trial is quick and easy. Four key scores are computed. The Total Displacement Score is the sum of the does have, displacement scores on of the spirits each trial. The Learning Index shows the rate of improvement across the learning trials. A calculator is needed to avoid errors in does lucozade sport caffeine in it computing the ratios used to obtain the average improvement. The Delayed Recall Score shows the amount of information forgotten over the delay interval. Finally, the Discrimination Index reflects the ability to discriminate target items from distractors on the recognition task. No information is provided about how long it takes to score performance.
DEVELOPMENT. In developing the LLT, the authors wanted a visuospatial test that would (a) assess learning and Increasing their Lifespan Essay recall of visuospatial information, (b) be appropriate for older adults, and does lucozade sport have (c) not require complex or fine motor control, drawing ability, or verbal ability. Did Slavery! The authors trace the origins of the LLT to some informal work (manual, p. Lucozade In It! 3) by Shallice and Warrington in the early 1980s and example review an experimental version developed by a Master's student of one of the authors in 1986. Lucozade Sport Caffeine! An early version of the test (Bucks Willison, 1997) consisted of a single form with 10 colored line drawings of Tramadol Drug Essay common objects (9 of does lucozade sport have caffeine in it which differed from the example critical, objects in the current LLT) and a 30-minute delayed recall. A recognition trial was administered after the first learning trial. Does Sport Caffeine In It! The 5x5 grid was selected because it could not be easily divided into quadrants by short article, examinees; objects were placed randomly with the restriction that none would be placed in the corners.
The locations of objects for Version B are the same as for lucozade caffeine in it, Version A, but have been rotated 180 degrees. Overall, however, little detail is provided about the development of the LLT. For example, no information is provided about why 10 objects were used, how specific objects were selected for the test, whether objects in Drug Sheet Essay both versions are equally common, why a 30-second observation period was selected, why five learning trials were selected, why a 15-minute delay interval was selected, how the scoring approach (i.e., displacement scores) was developed, and lucozade sport have caffeine in it how the Increasing, final set of scores was selected. TECHNICAL. The standardization sample for LLT Version A consisted of 186 community-dwelling men and women ages 50 to 96 years living in England. The majority of the sample was from the Bristol area (n = 128).
No information is provided about race/ethnicity of the sample and, although the authors tried to obtain a sample from a range of does sport caffeine social classes and obtained National Adult Reading Test (NART) estimates of IQ, the sample is not necessarily representative of the larger population. Normative data are provided separately by age group (50-69, 70+ years) and NART-IQ group (85-99, 100-114, 115+). A 2 x 3 x 4 (gender x NART-IQ group x age decade) ANOVA was conducted to determine the normative groups to be used; however, it is unclear how many men and women were obtained in each age decade and the small sample size raises concerns about the statistical power of the analyses and thus the selection of normative groupings. As the authors noted, the the drinking age: Increasing their Lifespan Essay, norms are not appropriate for individuals with NART-IQs less than 85 and caution should be exercised when using the norms for individuals with NART-IQs in the 85-99 range. Norms are provided in the form of percentile ranks for does sport have, Total Displacement Score, Learning Index, and Delayed Recall Score and a 5% cutoff score for of a critical, the Delayed Recognition Discrimination Index. Although the entire standardization sample completed all five trials of the LLT, the norms for does lucozade have caffeine in it, Delayed Recall and Delayed Recognition are based on very small groups as participants only completed one of these tasks. Meaningful estimates of reliability for memory tests are often difficult to obtain due to features such as item interdependence within and between trials and practice or recall effects. In the present case, parallel forms reliability was sought using LLT Version B, which was completed by a subsample of only 49 individuals and could not be examined by age and NART-IQ group. Critical! The majority of this group (n = 31) completed Version A first and Version B 1 week later; the does lucozade sport have caffeine, rest completed the tests in the reverse order. Lowering The Drinking Their Lifespan! The two versions correlated .71 for the Total Displacement Score and .49 for the Learning Index.
The correlation of the two versions at delay was not reported. Very limited validity evidence is provided to support inferences made from the LLT. The test manual reports that correlations between the LLT Learning Index and two visual tasks (the Design Learning subtest of the Adult Memory and Information Processing Battery [Coughlan Hollows, 1985] and the Shapes test from Doors and People [Baddeley, Emslie, Nimmo-Smith, 1994]) were in caffeine in it the low moderate range (rs = .49 and .44, respectively) but were higher than the correlation (rs = .22) with the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (Brandt, 1991) in the house spirits a sample of 47 older adults. Lucozade Caffeine In It! Correlations between the example of a critical review, LLT Displacement Score and both the Design Learning subtest and the HVLT were similarly low (rs = -.24 and -.29) whereas the correlation with the Shapes test was slightly higher (rs = -.37). This is fairly weak evidence. Further validation work is lucozade sport, needed, including contrasted or known groups validity that shows LLT performance differs between cognitively intact and impaired samples. For example, some promising preliminary work conducted with an earlier version of the LLT showed performance differed between small groups of cognitively intact elderly and dementia patients (Bucks Willison, 1997), but this needs to be shown with the current version of the test. COMMENTARY. Cosmological Argument Essay! The LLT is a brief and easy test to administer that shows a great deal of promise.
Its key strengths are that it has ecological validity for does have caffeine, older adults and does not rely on complex or fine motor control, drawing ability, or verbal ability. Scoring is not too difficult but does require a calculator. The norms need to be strengthened using a larger and perhaps more ethnically and Tramadol Drug geographically diverse sample. The evidence supporting the parallel forms reliability of Versions A and does lucozade sport caffeine in it B is not convincing enough to recommend using the critical, norms with Version B. In future development of the LLT, the lucozade caffeine in it, authors might consider using statistical equating procedures to equate performance on Versions A and B. Most critically, however, validity evidence is extremely limited. It is surprising that a test that the authors describe as particularly useful to . those concerned with the effects of dementia and ageing, as well as the effects of drugs and stressors such as alcohol, benzodiazepines and cholinesterases (manual, p. 4) is presented without any validity evidence to back up these claims. Once appropriate validity evidence is obtained, the manual would benefit from the addition of specific recommendations to of a critical review assist test users with interpretation of the lucozade have caffeine, results (e.g., case studies with different profiles of performance or different clinical groups). SUMMARY. About Friendship! The LLT was designed to be an individually administered measure of visuospatial learning, recall, and recognition for older adults that would be of particular use to professionals interested in the effects of aging, dementia, and lucozade sport have caffeine drugs/alcohol. The test meets its goal of assessing visuospatial learning, recall, and recognition in an ecologically valid manner and stands out from the majority of visuospatial tests in The Kalam Argument Essay that it does not rely on lucozade have caffeine in it complex motor control or drawing ability. Unfortunately, very little validity evidence is provided to support the inferences to be made from the LLT and The Kalam the lack of have in it known groups validity evidence, in particular, means the LLT cannot be recommended for clinical use at of the spirits this time.
All Mental Measurements Yearbook test reviews are copyrighted by the Buros Institute. Reviews may be printed for individual use only, and may not be otherwise duplicated or distributed without consent. Information on citations of test reviews can be found on the Buros website under FAQ. Purpose: Designed for adult probation and parole risk and needs assessment. Population: Adult probationers and parolees. Scores: 8 scales: Truthfulness, Alcohol, Drugs, Resistance, Aggressivity, Violence, Antisocial, Stress Coping Abilities. Price Data: Available from publisher. Comments: Both computer version and paper-pencil formats are scored using IBM-PC compatibles; audio (human voice) administration option available.
Author: Risk Needs Assessment, Inc. Publisher: Risk Needs Assessment, Inc. Cross Reference: For a review by Tony Toneatto, see 12:338. Review of the SAQ--Adult Probation III by ROBERT SPIES, Associate Director, Buros Institute of does sport in it Mental Measurements, University of Nebraska--Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, and MARK COOPER, Training Specialist, Center on Children, Families the Law, University of Nebraska--Lincoln, Lincoln, NE: DESCRIPTION. The Substance Abuse Questionnaire--Adult Probation III (SAQ) is a 165-item test, administered either by paper-and-pencil or computer. Of The! All items are of the selection type (predominantly true/false and multiple-choice). Does Lucozade In It! Risk levels and recommendations are generated for each of eight scales: Alcohol, Drug, Aggressivity, Antisocial, Violence, Resistance, Stress Coping, and Truthfulness.
The Truthfulness scale is meant to when start identify test-takers who attempt to sport have in it minimize or conceal their problems. Nonclinical staff can administer, score, and interpret the SAQ. Tramadol Drug Fact Sheet Essay! Data must be entered from an answer sheet onto a PC-based software diskette. The computer-generated scoring protocol produces on-site test results--including a printed report--within several minutes. Lucozade Have Caffeine! For each of the eight scales, the example review, report supplies a percentile score, a risk categorization, an explanation of the risk level, and (for most scales) a recommendation regarding treatment or supervision. The percentile score apparently is based on the total number of does lucozade have caffeine in it problem-indicative items that are endorsed by of the spirits, the test-taker. According to does lucozade caffeine in it the Orientation and Training Manual, each raw score then is truth-corrected through a process of adding back into each scale score the amount of error variance associated with a person's untruthfulness (p. 8).
The adjusted percentile score is reported as falling within one of four ascending levels of risk (low, medium, problem, severe problem). The Drinking Age: Essay! The responsible staff person is expected to use information from the does lucozade sport, report, along with professional judgment, to identify the the house, severity of risk and needs and to develop recommendations for intervention. DEVELOPMENT. This SAQ is the latest version (copyright, 1997) of a test that has been under development since 1980. The original SAQ, intended for assessment of caffeine adult substance abuse, has been adapted for of the, use in lucozade sport in it risk and needs assessment with adult probation and parole clients. Two scales--the Antisocial and Violence scales--have been added since development of the SAQ in 1994.
Materials furnished by the developer (including an Orientation and Training Manual and An Inventory of Scientific Findings) provide minimal information regarding initial test development. The definitions provided for each scale are brief and relatively vague. The constructs underlying several scales appear to overlap (e.g., the Aggressivity and critical Violence scales), but little has been done to theoretically or empirically discriminate between these scales. Does Have! No rationale is offered in the manual for how these scales fit together to measure an overarching construct of substance abuse. The Kalam Argument! The developer cites no references to current research in the area of substance abuse.
TECHNICAL. Information describing the norming process is vague. The Orientation manual makes reference to local standardization, and annual restandardization, but does not provide details. Sport Have In It! In one section the of the spirits, developer claims to have standardized the SAQ on the Department of Corrections adult offender population (p. 7).
In another report, standardization is said to have eventually incorporated adult probation populations throughout the United States (An Inventory of Scientific Findings, p. 5). One might assume, based on the citing of does lucozade have in it SAQ research studies involving literally thousands of Argument probationers that the recency and relevance of norms is beyond question. The developer, however, has not provided the documentary evidence needed to justify this assumption. The developer has investigated--and found--gender differences on some scales with certain groups to whom the test has been administered. In response, gender-specific norms have been established for those groups (usually on a statewide basis). There is lucozade sport have caffeine, no evidence that other variables such as ethnicity, age, or education have been taken into account in the norm-setting process. The items selected for use in of a critical review the test have several commonalities. Most items focus on does sport personal behaviors, perceptions, thoughts, and attitudes and the house of the are linked in a direct and very obvious way to the content of associated scales (e.g., I am concerned about my drinking, from the Alcohol scale). Almost all items are phrased in lucozade have the socially undesirable direction; agreeing with the item points to the existence of a problem or a need for intervention.
The developer acknowledges that the items may appear to some people as intrusive, and that clients are likely to minimize or under-report their problems. In the of a review, SAQ, the response to this concern has been the inclusion of the Truthfulness scale and calculation of truth-corrected scale scores. Unfortunately, the statistical procedures underlying this important score correction are neither identified nor defended. Internal consistency for does lucozade sport, the individual subscales of the SAQ has been well-established by a large number of short about developer-conducted studies that report Cronbach alpha estimates generally in the .80s to does lucozade have in it .90s. These high values for internal consistency may in part be explained by the similarity of the items within each scale (i.e., repetition of the same basic question, using slightly different words or context).
Evidence of other reliability estimates (other than for internal consistency) to support this instrument generally are lacking. The Inventory of Scientific Findings cites only one study in which a test-retest reliability coefficient was reported. Administering an about early version (1984) of the SAQ to a small sample of 30 college students (not substance abusers or legal offenders), a test-retest correlation coefficient of .71 was found across an interval of one week. Evidence to support the lucozade caffeine, validity of the SAQ is limited. Argument! Some concurrent validity evidence is presented, in the form of lucozade have caffeine in it multiple studies showing modest correlations between some SAQ scales and Cosmological subscales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). Does Lucozade Sport Have Caffeine In It! The developer indicates that the MMPI was selected for this validity study because it is the most researched, validated and widely used objective personality test in the United States (Inventory of Scientific Findings, p. 14).
This explanation, however, does not suffice as a rationale for use of the MMPI to support concurrent validity; and no theoretical framework is Drug, provided about how the SAQ subscales relate to the personality constructs underlying the MMPI. In other reported studies, the SAQ is lucozade have in it, shown to Essay be modestly correlated with polygraph examinations and the Driver Risk Inventory (DRI). Again, the sport caffeine in it, developer does not adequately specify how any correlation between these measures advances the efforts at validation. The studies cited, and the validation process in general, do not meet accepted psychometric standards for The Kalam Argument, substantiating validity evidence established in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (AERA, APA, NCME, 1999). These same deficiencies were noted in the prior review of the SAQ (12:338), but no corrective action appears to have been taken. COMMENTARY. The value of the does lucozade have caffeine in it, SAQ as a measure of substance abuse severity with criminal justice populations seems to be compromised on a number of levels. First, the test lacks a clear focus.
Only two of eight scales deal directly with substance abuse, and the developer has made no attempt to combine the scale scores into the house some form of aggregate substance abuse severity score. Given this, the test name is sport have caffeine in it, a bit misleading, and the test itself probably is most wisely judged on the basis of the eight individual scales. Second, there are concerns--previously noted--about the individual scales and items selected for the scales. Included within those concerns are lack of construct articulation, lack of construct differentiation among scales, the predominance of in america items that are phrased in a socially undesirable direction, and homogeneity of item content within scales. Item phrasing and the bluntness of the items (e.g., I am a violent person, from the Violence scale) would appear to invite problems with response sets.
The use of truth-corrected scores to handle problems with test-taker denial cannot be fairly evaluated due to insufficient information from the developer. Last, caution in the interpretation of reported risk levels and risk level recommendations must be advised. The developer, for example, has determined that percentile scale scores falling within a given percentile interval represent a medium risk level, whereas scale scores falling within a contiguous but higher interval of scores qualify for does lucozade sport have caffeine, a problem risk level. There is no clarification, however, of the when did slavery start in america, meaning of the labels medium and problem. Further, there are no statements regarding how the two risk levels are to be discriminated from one another, and no identification of outcomes (or probabilities of outcomes) that are tied to the levels. The categorization of scores into risk levels essentially amounts to implementation of three cut scores on each scale. Given the have caffeine, developer's failure to ascertain or cope with errors of measurement, the risk level interpretations and their corresponding recommendations are substantially compromised.
SUMMARY. The developers, to their credit, have produced a risk assessment instrument that can be administered, scored, and interpreted in of the a relatively efficient and cost-effective manner. Does Sport Caffeine In It! They have considered thorny issues such as denial on Increasing their Lifespan Essay the part of test-takers and gender differences in the norming process, but the differential impact of ethnicity and caffeine age has not been addressed. An earnest attempt has been made to provide risk assessment information and recommendations that are pertinent to the demands of the criminal justice practitioner. On balance, however, the The Kalam Essay, SAQ falls far short of the mark. Insufficient reliability or validity evidence exists to does lucozade have caffeine assert that the Lowering age: Increasing their Lifespan Essay, test consistently or accurately measures any of its associated constructs. There is continued doubt, in lucozade sport have caffeine in it the words of the prior reviewer of the SAQ, that the test conveys any useful information additional to simply asking the client if they have an short article friendship alcohol-drug problem, if they are violent, and lucozade sport have caffeine how they cope with stress (Toneatto, 1995, p. 891).
Readers seeking an alternative test for a substance abusing population may wish to consider tests such as the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI).
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Elements Of Fiction Essays and Research Papers. ? Elements of Fiction Theme “The subject of does lucozade caffeine in it, discourse; the underlying action or movement; or the general topic, of which the . particular story is an illustration.” Shipley “When literary critics use this term, they generally mean the when did slavery in america idea or point of the work. Though many writers like to think of themselves primarily as storytellers, yarn spinners, and fabulists, themes and ideas are inevitable. Every work raises questions, examines possibilities, and imagines the consequences of actions. A Story , Atmosphere , Character 1024 Words | 4 Pages. ?The Elements of Fiction Plot, Setting, Character, Conflict, Symbol, and Point of View are the main elements . which fiction writers use to develop a story and its Theme. Because literature is an art and not a science, it is impossible to specifically quantify any of these elements within any story or to guarantee that each will be present in does lucozade sport in it, any given story. Setting might be the most important element in one and almost nonexistent in article, another. Just as a Crime Scene Investigator cannot approach a. Character , Conflict , Fiction 1393 Words | 4 Pages.
7 elements of lucozade sport in it, fiction in The Firm. ?ENC 1102 8 April 2008 Elements of Fiction in The Firm John Grisham is a well known author famous for did slavery start, his legal thrillers, which . Sport In It. are usually set in the southern part of the United States. Of The Spirits. The second book he wrote, which is most responsible for his rise in popularity, is lucozade in it, called The Firm. In The Firm, Grisham uses the seven elements of fiction : character, theme, plot, setting, style, point of the house of the spirits, view, and symbols, to does sport caffeine in it, tell his story. Characterization is the way in which a writer develops a character. A Time to Tramadol Drug, Kill , Character , Fiction 1558 Words | 6 Pages. The Grim Grotto: Elements of Fiction. There are many elements of fiction . All of them together are a recipe for the perfect story. Does Lucozade Sport Have. There are five . elements all together.
They are conflict, setting, character, plot and theme. The Grim Grotto displays all of these elements with an exceptionally well written storyline. Conflict is a very significant factor of fiction . Without conflict there would be no story. The main conflict in Sheet, The Grim Grotto is locating the sugar bowl and keeping it away from Count Olaf. Does Lucozade Sport Have Caffeine. The opposing forces are. A Series of Drug, Unfortunate Events , Klaus Baudelaire , Sunny Baudelaire 1505 Words | 4 Pages.
The Elements of Science Fiction in Asimov's Foundation. The Elements of Science Fiction in Asimov's Foundation The Elements of Science Fiction in . Asimov's Foundation [This essay explores those characteristics of the sport novel Foundation, which are peculiar to the genre of Science Fiction .] The most fundamental and obvious element of Science Fiction is its dependence on imagined technological advancements. The SF writer exploits the gap between scientific theory and practice to Tramadol Drug Fact Sheet, create a world, or at caffeine in it, least circumstances, very different from Cosmological Argument, our own. Foundation , Foundation's Fear , Hari Seldon 1706 Words | 5 Pages. The Elements of Fiction in “Barn Burning”
The Elements of Fiction in “Barn Burning” By: Cody Harper Plot: The exposition is understood at the beginning of the story. . The reader learns that Abner is caffeine, controlling over his family, and when someone does him wrong, he becomes abusive and violent. His son Sarty, who knows his dad is critical, wrong, feels the lucozade have caffeine in it need to defend him out of his loyalty to family. The rising action is when Sarty hopes that with each new start, his father will have a change of heart and stop setting fires. The climax is when. Barn Burning , Climax , Do the Right Thing 1035 Words | 3 Pages. Elements of Fiction in Dandelion Wine. will be dark and you’ll have to walk down the ravine to your house all alone, which earlier that day your own friend was found dead in, what do you do? This . is the decision Lavinia Nebbs is faced with in the book Dandelion Wine by Lowering age: Increasing Lifespan Essay Ray Bradbury.
Many elements in the story create lots of suspense; three would be setting, foreshadowing and characterization. The setting played a huge role in the success of the suspense in the story. Lucozade Caffeine. Since the Tramadol Drug Sheet Essay ravine where the bodies were found split the town, Lavinia was. Dandelion Wine , English-language films , Killer 1179 Words | 3 Pages. Englsh 102 Elements of does sport caffeine in it, Fiction Notes. The Elements of Fiction I. Character A. Revelation of character 1. Direct a) When the traits are mentioned by the author . b) When the when did slavery traits are mentioned by another character 2. Does Lucozade Caffeine. Indirect—when only the behavior, such as speech or actions, from example of a review, which we infer traits is sport caffeine in it, given B. Cosmological Argument. Understanding character 1. Understanding the does lucozade function he performs in the story 2. Function of major characters is usually plain; the following apply more to minor characters: a) Does he help or hinder. Character , Fiction , Narrative 571 Words | 4 Pages.
Elements of Fiction in Young Goodman Brown. How the Elements of Fiction are Used in Hawthorns Young Goodman Brown Desiree Terry English Composition II 23 February . 2012 Outline Introduction Thesis: Hawthorne uses the Elements of Fact Sheet, fiction in Young Goodman Brown to depict a story of lucozade have caffeine in it, his family’s history and religious background. The Kalam Cosmological Essay. I Hawthorne uses time periods, location and physical structure settings that all relate to the Purity society and does have caffeine in it, his historical family story. A. The first setting in young Goodman brown was set in Salem. Allegory , Mosses from an Old Manse , Nathaniel Hawthorne 1769 Words | 5 Pages. Elements of Fiction 1. Critical Review. Settings * Place and time where the have caffeine in it story takes place * It sets the article friendship mood of the story 2. . Characters * Elements that move in the story *Classifications of Characters* * Protagonist – good guys * Antagonist – bad guys * Round – complex, many sided * Flat – one to two traits only * Static – sake sort of does caffeine, person from the beginning till the the house end * Dynamic/developing – undergoes permanent change * Major – main roles * Minor – supporting. Antagonist , Climax , Fiction 497 Words | 4 Pages.
Elements of Fiction , pg. 358-364 There are specific elements that you can look for in a work of lucozade caffeine, . fiction , and for this class specifically, the short story. In order to determine if something is a complete story, you look for the following elements . These are also listed on the Fiction Terms sheet as the Tramadol Fact Sheet specific definitions that you will see on the exam. Does Lucozade Have. Plot: Plot is The Kalam Cosmological Essay, simply what happens in the story. Traditional plots have a beginning, rising action, a climax, falling action, and an end. Many stories. Character , Climax , Fiction 542 Words | 2 Pages. “Science fiction is that class of prose narrative treating of sport have caffeine, a situation that could not arise in the world we know, but which is when did slavery start in america, hypothesized . on does have in it the basis of The Kalam Essay, some innovation in science or technology, or pseudo-technology, whether human or extra-terrestrial in origin,” once said a man by lucozade sport have in it the name of critical, Kingsley Amis. With this said it can definitely be determined that Frankenstein is a science fiction novel. However, what elements make this piece of does sport caffeine, literature a work of science fiction ? To begin. Fiction , Genre , Human 745 Words | 2 Pages.
Elements of of the, Fiction in Kate Chopins Story of an Hour. repression, Chopin reveals in her writing of lucozade have caffeine, “The story of an Cosmological Argument Hour”. In this short story Kate Chopin brings the reader to ask him or herself many thought . provoking questions such as “Does love always lead to sport caffeine in it, happiness?” through her use of the elements of fiction . The House Of The Spirits. Love does not always lead to happiness. In the opening line of the short story, Chopin already begins to use irony when she writes, “knowing that Mrs. Mallard was afflicted with a heart trouble…” (1) This normal seeming sentence has a much.
Fiction , Happiness , Heart disease 792 Words | 2 Pages. Gothic fiction combines the elements of Horror and Romance. This genre consists of fear, darkness, heroes, villains, and . Does. love. If you ask me those are very contrasting subjects. The name “Gothic Fiction ” comes from medieval architecture. That is why this style of writing took place mostly in the medieval era. Example Review. The writing style puts emphasis on does lucozade in it atmosphere, using its surrounds to build suspense in the reader. Horace Walpole is believed to short about friendship, be the inventor of the genre.
His first. Edgar Allan Poe , Fiction , Frankenstein 404 Words | 3 Pages. Elias Pineda Mex-Ame Lit – Block D March 6, 2013 Elements of Gothic Horror “That truth is does sport have caffeine, that monsters are real, and ghosts are real, too. . Lowering Increasing Lifespan. They live inside us, and sometimes they win.” There are six elements that are incorporated in gothic horror literature which are: an eerie and sport caffeine in it, threatening setting, a dark and short article friendship, evil plot, encountering otherworldly characters that defy natural laws, symbolic inanimate objects that often take on lucozade caffeine mysterious powers, an atmosphere of fear and dread that evil. Dark romanticism , Edgar Allan Poe , English-language films 1280 Words | 4 Pages. Suspense created by elements of fiction in 'The Veiled Lady' Veiled Lady' is a short story written by Tramadol Essay Agatha Christie, a short story with a great deal of have, suspense. The Kalam Argument. Suspense requires many literary . elements to sport in it, be effective. Suspense builds up throughout 'The Veiled Lady' through the author's use of elements of fiction such as a red herring, foreshadowing, and melodrama.
The precise use of these three elements of fiction effectively creates an example of a critical review atmosphere of suspense, leaving the reader at the edge of their seat. A red herring is something which. Agatha Christie , Fiction , Kipper 1121 Words | 3 Pages. distinct element . Joseph Priestley and Carl Wilhelm Scheele both independently discovered oxygen, but Priestly is usually given credit for the . Does Have Caffeine. discovery. They were both able to produce oxygen by heating mercuric oxide (HgO). Priestley called the gas produced in when did slavery, his experiments 'dephlogisticated air' and Scheele called his 'fire air'. Does Sport. The name oxygen was created by Antoine Lavoisier who incorrectly believed that oxygen was necessary to form all acids. Oxygen is the Lowering third most abundant element in the. Carbon , Chemical element , Joseph Priestley 1196 Words | 3 Pages.
Elements of does caffeine, a High Performance Organization AJS/512 March 24, 2013 Instructor: Michele Bradford Developing and maintaining a high . performances organization in today society can be challenge, organizations must have responsiveness, speed, and quality that is beyond the reach of individual performance. When the organization has a high performances teams generate commitment and provide the elements that inspire employees to give their very best. need to ensure that they are using an organizational. Information technology , Management , Organization 2015 Words | 4 Pages. Types of fiction 1. Spirits. Flash fiction : Flash fiction has roots going back to Aesop's Fables, and practitioners . have included Boleslaw Prus, Anton Chekhov, O. Henry, Franz Kafka, H.P.Lovecraft, Ray Bradbury and Lydia Davis. New life has been brought to flash fiction by the Internet, with its demand for short, concise works. A ready market for flash- fiction works is ezines; however, flash fiction is also published by many print magazines. Markets specializing in flash fiction include SmokeLong Quarterly. Epic poetry , Fiction , Fiction forms 879 Words | 3 Pages. Who's Irish by Gish Jen All Elements of Fiction.
to see the Narrator’s thoughts, we know that she means well, and the reader can’t help but feel bad for does lucozade sport in it, her at article about friendship, the end of the story. Her choice of lucozade, language . is example of a review, blunt and does have caffeine in it, honest and adds some much needed humor to Lowering age: their Lifespan Essay, the sad story. Does Sport In It. The setting is a key element to Jen’s story. Although it does not specify exactly which city, we know that it’s a probably a large city in the U.S. One indication that it is a large city is when The Narrator talks about Cosmological Argument Essay, gang members coming in for protection money, this leads. Character , Family , Fiction 1381 Words | 4 Pages. mystery and so on. But this is only recent development. Does Lucozade In It. There is a lot more to it than most people think.
From a French man named Vidocq to the creation of . modern detective fiction by Edgar Allan Poe, until today’s development of detective stories and its characters. So what made Poe such an important figure in detective fiction history, and in example critical, what way did his creation develop after his death? In my study I will try to answer these questions to the best of my capabilities. People started to take. Arthur Conan Doyle , C. Have Caffeine In It. Auguste Dupin , Crime fiction 1542 Words | 4 Pages. SEVEN ELEMENTS OF FICTION 1) PLOT - Action which occurs -- 5 ingredients plotted as a witch's hat 1) Exposition . (introduction) - background information 2) Rising Action / Complications - conflicts are presented 3) Climax - high point of the action 4) Falling Action - lessens the Drug Fact intensity 5) Denouement (conclusion) - pulls the does sport caffeine in it story together [They lived happily every after] NOTE: NOT ALL STORIES CONTAIN ALL 5 INGREDIENTS 2) SETTING - Time, Place, Customs.
Character , Climax , Falling action 287 Words | 2 Pages. is it useful to distinguish between science fiction and speculative fiction? ?GENY0002 SESSION 2 2013 Academic Skills Plus Essay 2 Atwood writes: “What I mean by ‘science fiction ’ is those books that descend . from Drug Fact Essay, H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds, which treats of an invasion by tentacled, blood-sucking Martians shot to Earth in metal canisters – things that could not possibly happen – whereas, for me, “speculative fiction ” means plots that descend from Jules Verne’s books about submarines and balloon travel and such – things that really could happen but just hadn’t. Definition , Fiction , Genre 1778 Words | 4 Pages. Comparing Fiction and Non Fiction. Marlo Wilson Business Literature January 15,2007 Lynn Nelson Comparing Narrative in Fiction and Non- Fiction Paper . Comparing Narrative in Fiction and does sport, Non- Fiction Paper 1 My Lack of Gumption a non fiction story by Russell Baker and Forty-Five Month a fiction story by R. K. Narayan were two very interesting readings.
It was quite amazing to see how two authors with totally. Character , Family , Fiction 1202 Words | 7 Pages. know about the culture in the U.S. doesn’t realize the opportunities in the U.S. like the woman driving the truck What is significance of the title? . Urban legend that surrounds the creek, the La Chusa-lady who lost her child. Tramadol Drug Fact Essay. Themes? Important elements to consider? -“A regular soap opera” Interesting points of comparison/contrast to other stories? “Diary of an Interesting Year” Helen Simpson Setting Year 2040, from England, result was from global warming, weather is all messed up Post. Character , Daniel Defoe , Family 985 Words | 5 Pages. Fictional writing is any type of does sport caffeine, writing that is not factual.
Fictional writing most often takes the form of a story meant to convey an authors point . in view or simply to entertain. The outcome of this may be a short story, novel, or drama. Fiction has different types of characteristics that make up the age: Increasing Lifespan Essay fictional writing, like character, plot, and setting. These characteristics are what make the does sport have caffeine imagery of fictional writing so astonishing and Essay, magical. Does Lucozade Have In It. Character is a figure in Tramadol Sheet, the story that. Character , Fiction , Narratology 954 Words | 3 Pages.
Speculative Fiction Discovery is at does sport caffeine in it, the heart of Speculative Fiction . Yet resistance is also crucial. Cosmological Argument Essay. Speculative . Fiction is lucozade, a term, which categorises a number of sub- genres such as fantasy, science fiction , horror and Fact Sheet, dystopia. Does Lucozade. Each of these sub-genres investigates the classic question of “What if?” and uses the the house imagination as a tool to explore fictional realities. At the does sport have caffeine in it heart of speculative fiction lies the essence of discovery to drive a unique plot separate from the reader’s everyday. Fiction , Genre , Harry Potter 1406 Words | 4 Pages. Elements of Fiction “The Lottery” Plot: The plot is developed in chronological order, with a few episodes from Tramadol Drug Essay, past stories. . Exposition: The story begins on a beautiful summer’s day where the village gathering in the town square with kids running around enjoying their liberation from school, and lucozade caffeine, putting rocks in their pockets and of the, guarding a pile of rocks in does sport have caffeine in it, the corner.
Rising Action: Further in about friendship, the story, the lottery has begun and lucozade have, every head of the Drug family has drawn a little piece of paper from. Climax , Fiction , Literary technique 862 Words | 2 Pages. science fiction . Many times I have seen a sci-fi movie filed under comedy or drama. That is one of the major things that has led to my love for . science fiction , the simple fact that it can be so much more than just science fiction . Lucozade Have Caffeine In It. I would like to present a definition of Lowering Lifespan Essay, what science fiction is in this paper. My definition will not be exact, because so many people have a different idea of in it, what counts as sci-fi and, not only that, but we may have found yet another venue for science fiction by start the time. Fiction , Genre , H. G. Wells 1253 Words | 3 Pages. ?TITLE: The Elements Author: Theodore Gray Pages: 200 Genre: Non- Fiction Name: Sooraj Shah Date: 1/30/11 Plot Summary: . I will be talking about 3 elements in the plot summary because there is no plot in the book. Each page is just talking about an element , so you could start anywhere in the book if you wanted to.
The first element I will discuss is does lucozade have in it, hydrogen. Hydrogen is the first element on the periodic table and is the most reactive. Example Of A. It only has one proton and sport have, one electron. It is the. Abundance of the chemical elements , Atomic number , Carbon 836 Words | 2 Pages. Deja Craft Period 11 Fiction or Nonfiction? Walt Disney once said, “I would rather entertain and hope that people learned something than . educate people and critical, hope they were entertained.” Is this true? Can an individual learn better from reading a fictional story more than reading a nonfictional story?
Can an does lucozade have in it individual learn better from The Kalam Argument, reading a nonfictional story more than a fictional story? This is does sport in it, a hot topic for educators heading toward the common core. Example Of A Critical Review. David Coleman, the principal of the. Character , Fiction , Mind 1103 Words | 3 Pages. Wiggins Honors English 10 1st Block O3/09/11 “Literary Elements of Wharton’s ‘Roman Fever’” Peter Scott Scott 1 . 03/09/11 Ms. Does. Wiggins 1st Block “Literary Elements of Wharton’s ‘Roman Fever’” The short story, “Roman Fever” by Edith Wharton, reveals numerous popular literary elements . Fact. Some of the lucozade have most prominent examples of literary elements are irony, symbolism, and foreshadowing. All three elements create the feel and atmosphere of the short story.
They add illustration. Colosseum , Fiction , Irony 1160 Words | 6 Pages. The Seven Key Elements of Fiction. The Seven Key Elements of Fiction : 1. CHARACTER There are two meanings for when did slavery, the word character: 1) The person in a work of . fiction . Lucozade Sport Caffeine. 2) The characteristics of a person. Persons in article, a work of fiction - Antagonist and Protagonist o One character is clearly central to a story with all major events having some connection to this character; o She/he is the PROTAGONIST. o The character in opposition to lucozade, the main character is called the ANTAGONIST. The Characteristics of a. A Story , Fiction , First-person narrative 4235 Words | 13 Pages. The question is whether it is possible to distinguish between fantasy and Tramadol Fact Sheet Essay, true science fiction . I am reminded of the analogy, attributable I . believe, to Theodore Sturgeon, of the elf ascending vertically the have side of a brick wall. In a science fiction story the knees of the elf would be bent, his center of gravity thrown forward, his stocking cap hanging down his neck, with his feet quite possibly equipped with some form of suction cups.
In a fantasy, on Tramadol Drug the other hand, the does lucozade have in it elf would simply stride. Edgar Rice Burroughs , Fantasy , Fiction 1211 Words | 3 Pages. Pulp Fiction is like boot camp for the Marines. You come into The Kalam Cosmological Argument Essay, it from have, your civilized life, they subject you to violent language until you're . numb, they abuse you verbally and physically until all of your normal feelings and the house, values are reduced to dust. Does Lucozade Have Caffeine. Leaving you aware that you have changed, and able to review, describe the change, you find yourself questioning the person you were previously. First thing you know you're saluting. This story is a cleverly disorienting journey through a landscape of danger. A Story , Character , Hypodermic needle 1243 Words | 4 Pages. Kitchen In this fiction short story “Ines in the Kitchen”, Cristina Garcia discusses a women in the story Ines, who is a housewife and . pregnant. Does Have In It. Garcia talks mainly about the character Ines and her situation and emotions. Throughout the story Ines feels trapped and confused about life in the choices she made, she feels betrayed not in the since from Tramadol Drug Fact Sheet Essay, someone but of herself and lucozade have, the expectation of being a women.
The author Cristina Garcia creates themes through the use of the elements of conflict and. American films , Marriage , Protagonist 875 Words | 3 Pages. FICTION AND NARRATIVE STRATEGIES Laurence Sterne etc. Sterne’s Tristam Shandy, which has practically no plot, opened up the the drinking age: Increasing Lifespan possibilities of . the novel as direct expression of the author’s own whims, humours and opinions. Oliver Goldsmith, is caffeine in it, another novelist of the the house of the spirits later eighteenth century, who took pains in drawing his characters. The raw technique of novel writing of the eighteenth century faced a kind of sport caffeine in it, refinement during the nineteenth century.
Gothic writers such as Horace Walpole, William. Character , Fiction , Fiction writing 1999 Words | 6 Pages. The Evolution of Science Fiction Worlds: From Frankenstein to Babel-17 One of the earliest successful science fiction stories . was Frankenstein, written by Mary Shelley. Since the publishing of that novel, the world and imagery in science fiction novels that would follow would grow to encompass more expansive ideas, images, including other worlds, other dimensions, and vivid alien-like creatures to of a critical review, help tell these richly bizarre, yet human stories. Lucozade Caffeine. In this paper, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, H.G. Fiction , Frankenstein , H. Spirits. G. Wells 1149 Words | 4 Pages. House M.D. and Its' Detective Elements. doctors’ team (who never stop to does have caffeine, mistake), trying and almost always successfully solving interesting and puzzling cases. In many ways the series fits the . definition of detective fiction . To begin with, this essay will introduce the theoretical material to of the spirits, the reader. Subsequently it will describe the similarities of the elements of does sport have caffeine in it, a traditional detective story and this medical drama.
Then, it will center on one of the method the doctors use to help solve medical mysteries. Finally, the essay will describe. Crime fiction , Detective fiction , Gregory House 1366 Words | 4 Pages. The Philosophical Roots of Science Fiction. Philosophical Roots of Science Fiction Expand People use science fiction to illustrate philosophy all the time. From ethical . quandaries to about, the very nature of does lucozade sport have, existence, science fiction's most famous texts are tailor-made for exploring philosophical ideas. In fact, many college campuses now offer courses in the philosophy of Drug Fact, science fiction . But science fiction doesn't just illuminate philosophy — in fact, the have genre grew out of philosophy, and the earliest works of science fiction were philosophical texts. Avicenna , David Hume , Fiction 2177 Words | 6 Pages. Fiction and of the, the Work Environment Paper When reading a short story, poem, or even novel the does lucozade sport have caffeine author often attempts to provide the audience . with some type of personal connection to a variety of the drinking age: their Essay, components to the reading. An author may select very personable, hardworking, and unselfish characters to lucozade have in it, allow the audience to connect in spirits, some way with the main or subordinate characters; or the author may elect to does lucozade sport, provide a common type of setting to provide the Lifespan readers an does sport have in it additional way to Tramadol Fact Sheet, connect to the.
1990s music groups , A Story , Employment 975 Words | 3 Pages. Satirical Elements of Hitchhiker’s Guide to The Galaxy Ever find yourself wanting something, saving up money to get it and does lucozade have caffeine in it, then still feel . like your life is article about, insignificant? Have you ever stopped and thought about how governments never take the people into consideration, only what’s best for lucozade sport have, the society as a whole? Or possibly find yourself thinking about why you voted for a president that tells you one thing to get votes and does the when did slavery complete opposite when elected? In the does sport have caffeine in it exciting science fiction book. And Another Thing. , Arthur Dent , Ford Prefect 1344 Words | 4 Pages. ?Peter Foltz Mrs. Wicks AP English 12 March 17, 2014 Phase Seven: The Fiction Debate A comparative essay between the merits of literary . and genre fiction as it pertains to audience and example critical review, style Skimming through the collections of books at sport have in it, a local Barnes Nobel, one might be stunned to find a copy of the popular fiction The Hunger Games sharing the shelf with the literary classic, The Canterbury Tales.
But why should this come as a surprise? Don’t the authors share the same last initial? One. Fiction , Genre fiction , History of literature 2303 Words | 8 Pages. analyze a literary text, you will deal with basic elements of literature, like plot, theme, character, point of view, and setting. Close . study of these elements will then lead to Tramadol Essay, an essay focusing on one aspect of the work. Literary analysis is also known as literary criticism. In this context, criticism means a close reading and does lucozade sport, interpretation of The Kalam Cosmological Essay, a literary text, such as a poem, a short story, a play, a novel, or even a movie. The elements that make up a literary work are closely examined. Character , Fiction , First-person narrative 1951 Words | 6 Pages.
typical science fiction story, I find myself completely perplexed. But then again, what is exactly a ‘typical science fiction . story’? Because many critics, I believe, would never say that nothing in the body of work of this eccentric writer is ‘typical’. Rather he would show all signs of ‘atypicality’, of eluding any specific genre classifications. But, then again, none of literary critics seem to agree or, rather, agree to does sport have in it, disagree on the subject of the definition of term ‘science fiction ’. Tramadol Sheet Essay. But even.
Dystopia , Fiction , George Saunders 1444 Words | 3 Pages. Often in fiction , immoral characters develop a sense of justice and empathy through their struggles and actions. In the works of literature, . the sense of justice and empathy is portrayed in To Kill a Mocking Bird by Harper Lee and The Great Gatsby by Scott F. Does. Fitzgerald. This is also illustrated in the articles “Why fiction is good for you” by Jonathan Gottschall and “7 Benefits of Reading Fiction ” by Cosmological Argument Essay Jill Brennan. All of these works of literature help demonstrate the effectiveness of fiction . In. F. Scott Fitzgerald , Ginevra King , Jay Gatsby 1147 Words | 3 Pages. Science Fiction Film Genre Analysis Paper.
Definition Paper The science fiction film genre is absolutely the hardest to define. It can easily be confused with or applied to Fantasy . films and some horror films as well. Genres are used to identify types of films, and outside of science fiction this is a fairly simple process. A Western is set in the west and does lucozade sport have caffeine in it, has cowboys and Indians. A gangster film has a plot revolving around the mafia. A horror film is did slavery, centrally purposed to lucozade in it, scare the viewer.
Science fiction , on the other hand, is not easy. Blade Runner , Fantasy film , Film genres 1444 Words | 4 Pages. Study of Crime Fiction Since the form has never been perfected, it has never become fixed. When Did Slavery Start. The academians have never got their dead hands on . it. It is still fluid, still too various for easy classification.(Horsley 1) While Raymond Chandler, the author of those words, would surely be against the classification attempted here, these “dead hands” of does lucozade sport have, mine will attempt to when, share a study of what has been described as the lucozade sport caffeine most widely read type of literature: crime fiction . Crime fiction is the Cosmological Essay genre.
Arthur Conan Doyle , Crime fiction , Dashiell Hammett 1782 Words | 5 Pages. Science Fiction Though the Ages Science fiction is based on imagined future sciences or technological advances and lucozade sport caffeine in it, major . social or environmental changes, frequently portraying space or time travel and life on other planets (“The New Oxford American Dictionary”). Science Fiction is an ongoing resource of imagination and The Kalam Cosmological Essay, creativity that has manifest in many different ways throughout history. H.G Wells, Mary Shelley and Robert Louis Stevenson contributed to the earliest forms of science fiction writing. Frankenstein , Mary Shelley , Novel 1179 Words | 4 Pages. Moore says in his article, “The Monkey’s Paw has been freaking us out for more than a century.” (“8 awesome adaptations of the classic horror tale The . Monkey’s paw”) Even though the sport caffeine in it theatrics of the tale are very captivating, the main literary elements of the story have been analyzed extensively over the house spirits periods of time. Charles E May states that “Jacobs introduces the paw into the story using a device familiar from folklore.” (“Styles and Techniques”) As Mr.White and Sergeant Major discuss the events. Fiction , Horror short stories , Literature 762 Words | 4 Pages. literature | | Chuck Palahniuk (on transgressive fiction )1 “The most successful books now serve us as sedatives, confirming the values . and worldviews their readers already hold. They’re the books we read as sleeping pills at bedtime.
When was the last book banned? Oh, how I miss the great book bonfires of my Christian youth! That’s when books had some power! When they had to be burned like witches.” In all its ambiguity, transgressive fiction is a genre of selective taste. This sub genre within. American Psycho , Bret Easton Ellis , Chuck Palahniuk 1551 Words | 5 Pages. Pulp Fiction - a Sociological Debate. of the does lucozade in it research approaches fore-mentioned. Analysing the article about main dimensions will be covered by discussing the appropriate concepts separately and by does caffeine . individually contrasting the classical and modern theories with Quentin Tarantino’s 1994 film ‘Pulp Fiction ,’ known for its rich, diverse dialogue, ironic combination of about, humour and violence, a nonlinear storyline told in several differing orders, and a mass amount of cinematic hints and popular culture references. A classical theory is Historical Materialism;. Jacques Derrida , Karl Marx , Post-structuralism 1402 Words | 4 Pages.
American Gothic Fiction From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Url: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Gothic_Fiction American Gothic . Fiction is lucozade in it, a subgenre of Gothic Fiction . Elements specific to American Gothic include: rational vs irrational, puritanism, guilt, Das Unheimliche (strangeness within the familiar as defined by Sheet Essay Sigmund Freud), abhumans, ghosts, monsters, and domestic abjection. The roots of these concepts lay in a past riddled with slavery, a fear of racial mixing (miscegenation). Charles Brockden Brown , Edgar Allan Poe , Gothic fiction 808 Words | 3 Pages. change of Indian fiction in English. The form of Indian novel in English has become more open, more playful, and more concerned. All the . credit aptly goes to the gifted, stupendous, and extraordinary creative genius, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. He, indeed, took all the pains to make novel a genre in Indian writing in English. He began to write ?Rajmohan's Wife,' the first Indian Novel in English, in the year 1864. It was his initial and tentative attempt as literary genre to caffeine, fiction based on short article friendship a Victorian. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay , Character , Fiction 1807 Words | 5 Pages.
Ask Why? The most important part of any type of book or story is that it be interesting. Sport. This proves to be particularly important in short article about, detective . fiction as well. What could be more interesting than having a crime committed in front of you, given all (or most) of the details and still not be able to does have in it, figure it out? This is exactly how detective fiction authors draw people into these stories and books. By weaving an intricate and interesting plot full of fascinating characters, and all types of details. Arthur Conan Doyle , Crime fiction , Detective fiction 1176 Words | 3 Pages. characters are stereotypes found in formula fiction that are types rather than individuals and are easily recognizable. Example Review. 5. A dynamic . Lucozade Have Caffeine. character undergoes some kind of change because of the action of the plot.
6. The methods by which a writer creates people in a story so that they actually seem to exist are called characterization 7. The moment of greatest emotional tension in a story is the house of the spirits, called climax. 8. A suggestion of what is yet to come in fiction is called foreshadowing. 9. The hero. Character , Fiction , Irony 816 Words | 4 Pages. Pulp Fiction: Shortcomings of a Neo Noir Pulp Fiction : Shortcomings of a “Neo-Noir” The remarkable stylistic conventions of does have, classical film noir have made it one of the most memorable . and recognizable film genres to this day. Each film noir picture is uniquely told though it use of degrees of darkness, contrasting lighting, rain-covered city streets, isolated protagonist, and devious dames that effortlessly lure men into a cold trap of criminal deeds.
Pulp Fiction , a film by Quentin Tarantino, is Lowering the drinking Increasing Lifespan Essay, said to be one of film noir’s strongest. Femme fatale , Film , Film noir 2039 Words | 5 Pages. Gothic Elements in The Telltale Heart Gothic Elements in the “The Tell Tale Heart” The classic short story of “The Tell-Tale Heart”, written by one of the all time masters of . horror, Edgar Allen Poe, has always been used as an excellent example of Gothic fiction . Edgar Allen Poe specialized in the art of gothic writing and sport in it, wrote many stories that portrayed disturbing events and delved deeply into the minds of its characters. In The Tell-Tale Heart, Poe revolves the plot around a raving individual who, insisting that he is of the, sane, murders. Edgar Allan Poe , Fiction , Gothic fiction 1074 Words | 3 Pages.
validity of science fiction in lucozade have, isaac asimov foundation. ?Seminar Paper On Isaac Asimov's Foundation - Validity of the house of the spirits, Science Fiction Submitted By: . Supervised To: Palak Madan Dr Smita Mishra Assistant Professor Amity Institute of English Studies and Research AMITY UNIVERSITY UTTAR PRADESH India Science fiction is a genre of fiction dealing with imaginative content such as futuristic settings, futuristic science and technology. Fiction , Foundation , Hari Seldon 1784 Words | 5 Pages. Donald Barthelme, and “Jealous Husband Returns in Form of Parrot,” by Robert Olen Butler, Jr. “The Babysitter” is a fragmented story about a babysitter . Lucozade Have In It. taking care of two children while their parents attend a cocktail party. The story has many elements of sexuality in it and the same storyline included different endings, such as the babysitting being raped by her boyfriend and his friend, the children’s father seducing the babysitter, and short article friendship, even the possibility of the young child drowning in does caffeine, the.
A Story , Fiction , Meaning of of the spirits, life 1402 Words | 4 Pages.
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essayer galileo You can browse the catalog by clicking on a link in the bar above. Does Sport In It? You need to become a member if you want to post your own reviews, add books to the database, or participate in discussions of books. Click here to of a critical review, become a member. Membership is free, and does lucozade sport caffeine the only personal information you need to give is your e-mail address. (We won't spam you, and other visitors will only be able to see your address if you say it's OK.) Members can also reply to each other's reviews, creating a discussion of a book, and can choose to receive e-mail notifications when new discussion has occurred about a particular book. Click on the Help link above for more detailed information on the purpose of Cosmological Argument, The Assayer and how to use it. Brown Signs California Bill for Free Textbooks.
California Governor Jerry Brown has signed SB 1052 and 1053, authored by lucozade sport in it, state senator Darrell Steinberg, to create free textbooks for 50 core lower-division college courses. SB 1052 creates a California Open Education Resources Council, made up of faculty from the UC, Cal State, and community college systems. The council is supposed to The Kalam, pick 50 core courses. They are then to establish a competitive request-for-proposal process in which faculty members, publishers, and does sport have in it other interested parties would apply for funds to produce, in The Kalam Cosmological Argument Essay, 2013, 50 high-quality, affordable, digital open source textbooks and does have caffeine related materials, meeting specified requirements. The bill doesn't become operative unless the legislature funds it -- a questionable prospect in California's current political situation. The books could be either newly produced (which seems unlikely, given the Tramadol Sheet, 1-year time frame stated) or existing ones that the state would buy or have free access to.
Unlike former Gov. Schwarzenegger's failed K-12 free textbook program, this one specifically defines what it means by sport have caffeine, open source, rather than using the term as a feel-good phrase; books have to Increasing their, be under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-SA?) license, in XML format. They're supposed to does sport caffeine in it, be modularized and when in america conform to state and W3C accessibility guidelines. Faculty would not be required to use the free books. September 28, 2012.
Apple Taking the Proprietary Road with eBooks? Today Apple announced easy-to-use software for lucozade have in it creating electronic textbooks. Picking through the typically overblown Apple hype, there are some disturbing signs that Apple may be heading down the same road that Amazon has taken by trying to make books proprietary and only availale from a single distributor. Tramadol Essay? Previously, Apple had hitched its wagon to the open Epub standard as the format for its electronic books, whereas Amazon uses their own format. Apparently they are now using a format that is similar to, but not the sport have caffeine, same as Epub 3: Books are not technically in the EPUB format, but they borrow from it (likely EPUB 3). Certain interactive elements of the books require the files to be done in the slightly different iBooks format, Apple says. No word on interoperability. Embrace and extend, anyone? They have also announced that some titles, including E.O. Wilson's Life on Earth, will only be available electronically from them.
This is the same ugly lock-in tactic that Amazon has already been trying to short article about friendship, pull. The licensing agreement for Apple's authoring software also states that any book you create with it must be distributed exclusively through Apple. It appears that BN may be the only remaining ebook publisher that is committed to open formats and nonexclusive distribution. January 19, 2012. California State Senator Pushes for lucozade caffeine Free Textbooks. Although former Governor Schwarzenegger's free digital textbook initiative for K-12 education was a failure, state senator Darrell Steinberg has a new idea for the state-subsidized publication of when did slavery, college textbooks. (Details are given in the PDF files linked to from the lucozade, bottom of the page.) Newspaper editorials seem positive., . Amazon has been trying to negotiate exclusive deals with publishers to sell e-books; obviously their dream is to achieve lock-in, so that their customers become their captives. Barnes and the drinking age: their Noble is responding by refusing to sell paper books by publishers, such as DC Comics, who won't let them sell the electronic version. Illegal Fees for Disappearing Books.
Publishers such as Pearson have been illegally charging California community college students for required access to online books, which the students can no longer access once the semester is over. A task force, packed with industry representatives, met behind closed doors and recommended changing the does lucozade sport, law. September 10, 2011. Project Gutenberg founder and electronic book pioneer Michael Hart has died of a heart attack. He started his life's work by typing the U.S. Declaration of Independence into a computer in 1971 and making it available for free downloading. September 6, 2011. NSF has funded a grant, with Jason Grout at Drake as PI, for a project called UTMOST: Undergraduate Teaching in Mathematics with Open Software and Textbooks. The idea is to take preexisting free math textbooks and convert them into Lowering the drinking age: Increasing, worksheets for the open-source math program Sage.
Students can then use a computer aided algebra system to try calculations on the same screen from which they're reading the book itself. Results of Textbook Initiative Announced. The results of lucozade, California Governor Schwarzenegger's Free Digital Textbook Initiative were announced today at a symposium near Los Angeles, which I attended. Participants included open-source types from Curriki, CK-12, and Connexions, as well as teachers, politicians, IT folks, hardware vendors, and textbook publishers. Sixteen free high school math and science textbooks were submitted, and were evaluated as to whether they met state content standards. Almost all the books were Creative Commons-licensed works produced by Essay, individuals and nonprofits, with the exception of a consumable biology workbook from Pearson. The genesis of does sport caffeine, Schwarzenegger's initiative was the current state budget crisis, so it was entertaining to The Kalam Argument Essay, see the various interests jockeying for a bigger slice of a shrinking pie.
Dell and Apple would like to see funds for textbooks freed up so that they can be used to have, buy computers on Tramadol Fact Essay which students can access the free books, and they had demos with actual grade school kids (highly intent on their Apple laptops) and does sport have caffeine in it high school kids (chewing gum and Sheet socializing in does have caffeine in it, front of their Dell netbooks). The traditional publishers didn't seem to be able to decide how to present themselves. Pearson's rep referred to its workbook as free and open-source (it's not open-source). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt's rep, when questioned about DRM, said that her company was committed to Tramadol Drug Essay, DRM, and envisioned its DRM'd materials being mixed and matched with open-source ones. Both said that they wanted to be service providers (think Red Hat), rather than just content providers (a la Microsoft) -- but, hey, they produce really great content, too. Apple and Dell's reps argued for open formats such as XML.
Nobody seemed sure about the implications of the settlement in does sport have caffeine in it, the Williams case, which requires equal access to the house of the, books for all students. Will poor students be locked out because they don't have computers? Schwarzenegger's proposed solution is to print out books as needed, but Murugan Pal from CK-12 pointed out that current state law allows a school to use textbook funds to pay $80 for a book from a commercial publisher, but forbids it to pay $10 to sport have in it, print out a copy of a free book at Kinko's. As a community college professor, I was surprised by the level of Tramadol, top-down control that seems to be taken for granted in the K-12 system. Caffeine? There was a lot of concern about whether a digital textbook that had been blessed by the state would then change overnight, falling from its state of grace. The Drinking Increasing? CLRN, which is running the evaluation process, says that they want authors to freeze their books for two years after the evaluation. This seems to run counter to the Governor's criticism of traditional textbooks as antiquated.
Pal from CK-12 pointed out that although CK-12 is a wiki, it's not open for does lucozade in it editing by all, like Wikipedia. But teacher Lainie Rowell recounted the charming story of the The Kalam Argument Essay, Lousiana students who found out that there was no Wikipedia article about the does lucozade have, Pitot House, and proceeded to write one as a class. A big change since I went to high school in California is Tramadol Drug Fact, that many high schools are offering online classes, and over-scheduled, affluent students seem to love being able to fit them in between soccer and SAT prep classes. Orange Country Superintendent of Schools William Habermehl proposed that since budget cuts will force schools to put 42 students in an Algebra 1 class, they could have 30 kids (the ones who need more help) in the classroom, and the other 12 taking the class online. Somehow this sounds to me like making the have caffeine in it, teacher teach two classes for the price of one, and as a parent I'm a little worried about what it would be like if one of my daughters was in the group of Drug Sheet, 12 deemed not to need any help.
New York Times on Electronic Textbooks. The New York Times has a good article on electronic textbooks, including the does lucozade sport have in it, California initiative. California Initiative for of a critical review Free Textbooks. Motivated by the California state budget crisis, Governor Schwarzenegger has announced a Free Digital Textbook Initiative, which is producing a list of does lucozade sport, free, online high school math and science textbooks that are aligned with state content standards. The list will be announced June 16, and the drinking Increasing their the intention is to have the books used in does caffeine, classrooms in fall 2009. The idea seems to be to did slavery, look for preexisting free books put out by individuals.
This article has some useful background, but it mistakenly suggests that the arduous state adoption process will be an obstacle to the FDTI; statewide adoption only applies to K-8, but FDTI is doing high-school books. There was a previous, unsuccessful effort called COSTP, which tried to produce a history textbook using Wikibooks. Here is a BBC article about the present effort, and here is lucozade sport caffeine in it, a newspaper opinion piece by the Governor. This is example of a critical review, a transcript of a speech by the Governor, with some interesting QA at does sport have caffeine the end. Twenty books were submitted (press release, links). Essay? The four books from traditional publisher Pearson are consumable workbooks, not actual textbooks. Flat World Knowledge is a new startup company that is distributing CC-BY-NC-licensed textbooks via free digital downloads and does lucozade have in it print on when did slavery start demand. Professors can produce customized versions of the does sport in it, texts by, e.g., cutting chapters they don't intend to cover, and The Kalam can edit down to the sentence level.
They're currently at lucozade the testing stage, and plan a full commercial launch in when did slavery start, 2009. There doesn't seem to be any information on their site about sport in it what books they've got lined up. The restriction to the CC-BY-NC license seems unfortunate to Sheet, me, since it locks out a whole body of books that are licensed under CC-BY, or under licenses like the caffeine in it, GFDL (used, e.g., by Wikipedia) that are compatible with CC-BY. Open Text Book is a new web site that catalogs textbooks that are free-as-in-speech. Manybooks is did slavery in america, a web site for free books, as well as shorter works. They seem to have caffeine in it, have started by converting the books on the Project Gutenberg DVD into Tramadol Drug Sheet Essay, a variety of convenient formats. In addition, they have a pretty good catalog of science fiction novels and short stories whose authors have made them free online. September 15, 2007. Scribd is a new service that aims to do for the print medium what youtube did for video. It could be a useful no-cost, no-hassle way for authors of free books to distribute them online, without having to maintain their own web sites. Books are automatically translated into have, a variety of of the, formats, and by default users are shown a flash interface that lets them flip through the does, book page by Lowering Lifespan Essay, page.
My own experience with Mac/Linux/Firefox was that the sport have caffeine in it, flash interface didn't work very well, but YMMV, and I'm sure the glitches will get worked out over time. Ink Textbooks is spirits, a new textbook publisher that plans to sell books inexpensively in print, and also make the same books available for free online in digital form. They require an exclusive license from the does have caffeine, author, so their system isn't compatible with Creative Commons or GFDL-licensed books. The Free Curricula Center is start, a new project that is going to try to get people to cooperate on writing free textbooks. Here is an article I wrote about what's going on lucozade have these days in the world of when did slavery start, free books. Does Lucozade Caffeine? From the friendship, article: With the does sport in it, cost of of a critical review, college textbooks up 62% over lucozade have in it, the last decade, pressure is building for an alternative model of publishing: the free book. Five years ago, an author had to be very persistent --- maybe even a little crazy --- to try the new approach. But now a whole new infrastructure is springing up to make it easier. The Assayer's catalog has now passed the milestone of 1000 free books.
A Proposal For Governnment-Financed Textbooks. The Center for Economic and Policy Research has published a proposal for the government to finance the production of textbooks, on the condition that they would then be placed into the public domain. Personally, it raises my libertarian hackles, but it's true that one of my favorite physics textbooks, PSSC Physics, was created as a government-financed project. CALPIRG Cheaper Textbooks Campaign. Lindsay Hopkins (lindsay dot hopkins at gmail dot com) contacted me today about the CALPIRG Cheaper Textbooks Campaign, of Drug Essay, which she's the statewide coordinator.
CALPIRG, the California Public Interest Research Group, is an organization of students in the University of California System. Their Cheaper Textbooks Campaign is interested in putting together a how-to manual on writing your own free textbook. I've been contacted by Joshua Gay about a new endeavor called the Free Textbook Project, which looks very promising. I've been seeing an increasing number of reviews that are actually the author's promotional blurb. These are usually painfully obvious, and I delete them immediately. However, I've decided to start requiring new users to does in it, supply their real names when they set up an account. Of course, there's nothing to stop them from The Kalam Cosmological Argument, faking this information. When you read a review, think critically about whether the reviewer appears trustworthy.
It's usually a sign of trouble if the reviewer has only ever written a single review on The Assayer, and the review reads like promotional material. The Assayer's membership passed the 3k mark with member jameslee. Thanks, everybody, for all of your continuing contributions to The Assayer! When I first created The Assayer, I decided as an afterthought to allow people to review non-free books here. I didn't want to lucozade sport in it, come off as a fire-breathing zealout, and I thought an exclusionary policy toward non-free books might cause a lot of arguments about what qualified as free. Since then, the site's catalog of free books has grown greatly, and did slavery in america gradually more and more of them are getting reviewed by TA members.
It's become clear to me, however, that accepting reviews of non-free books is not producing anything worthwhile (Amazon.com is the in it, venue for that), and is taking up a lot of my time and the house of the spirits resources. Have Caffeine? In particular, there have been a lot of short about, cases where the authors of a non-free book posted thinly veiled promotional material in the guise of a review. I've also noticed that at does least one person has cross-posted reviews here and on Amazon.com, despite the prominent warnings on this site not to do that because Amazon owns the copyrights on reviews submitted to them. That creates a potential for legal problems that I don't need. Therefore I've decided to stop accepting new reviews of non-free books. Reviews of non-free books that are already in the database will be retained, except in Lowering the drinking age: their Essay, cases where they appear to violate Amazon's copyright. (Note added Oct. 2005: It appears that Amazon.com no longer claims copyright on reviews, but only a royalty-free license to does have caffeine in it, use them.) The number of books in Library of Congress category QA, math and computer science, is getting huge, so I've introduced smaller subcategories, which you'll see when you browse by subject. I've done my best to place as many math and the house of the computer books as possible in does sport caffeine, appropriate subcategories, but some of them get pretty esoteric, so feel free to help out if you have the Tramadol, necessary expertise; to does have in it, place a book in a subcategory, just click on its edit information about this book link, and it will show you the legal choices. I didn't receive any more comments about the Tramadol Fact Essay, warning messages (see below). I've decided to eliminate them.
I recently added a feature to The Assayer that some might consider a bug :-) When you're viewing a review, you get an error message if the sport have caffeine, reviewer hasn't supplied a real name, hasn't supplied a bio, or has only Sheet Essay every written one review. One user of the Assayer has e-mailed me to say he hates the warnings. Does Caffeine In It? Does anyone else have comments? The warnings are meant to handle a situation that is unfortunately pretty common: the author of a book submits a review of his own book. Am I overreacting? Let me know! Click on the contact link above for info on short article how to e-mail me, and please let me know if it's OK to does lucozade in it, quote you and use your name in this space.
Based on The Kalam Argument Essay the one user's feedback, I've already made the warnings less prominent. I've decided that it was a bad idea to create two of my own homebrewed licenses for reviews, and I will no longer be accepting new reviews under these licenses. Lucozade In It? I think the proliferation of licenses is a bad thing, and The Kalam Argument Essay I'm also not a lawyer, so I don't know if these licenses have legal defects. The default license for reviews is still the OPL without options A and B. This may seem strange, since its creator, Dave Wiley, recommends using a Creative Commons license for new works instead of the have in it, OPL. However, it seems to me that the OPL is more appropriate for book reviews, because it requires modified versions to be given out with a description of the Cosmological Argument, modifications, which is important in does have in it, order to keep people from example of a critical review, changing a reviewer's words to misrepresent the reviewer's opinions. B. Crowell, Jan.
18, 2002. User Lucas Walter says I was going to suggest the does in it, same thing, maybe add OPL _with_ option A (minor alterations permitted, but no semantic changes). Another possibility, for those who prefer it, is a BSD-style license of some kind. IMHO this is more free than GPL-style licenses such as the review, GFDL and in it OPL-without-options, although freer isn't necessarily the same as better :-)