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Oversees inside support related activities and coordination of the Odysseus' Journey Home install/warranty/service department. WMA 53rd Annual Convention Tradeshow Charlotte, NC. World Millwork Alliance (WMA) 53rd Annual Convention Tradeshow will hold its premier event at the Charlotte Convention Center from October 7-11, 2017. WMA will offer Veterans and Students complimentary access to the exhibit hall during Millwork Career Day on Tuesday, October 10, 2017 during the show hours of 1:00 p.m. 4:00 p.m. WMA welcomes Veterans and Students to explore a career in the millwork industry. Learn from worldwide millwork professionals while viewing the finest millwork products. Meet with industry distributors and manufacturers about the opportunities in a millwork career.

Pre-registration for Gun Control Essay, a name badge is available by Essay about, completing a WMA Registration Form. Anyone who has pre-registered s will pick up their complimentary Expo One Day Pass at the WMA registration in the Charlotte Convention Center. Veterans must show a Veteran#8217;s Administration (VA) identification card to receive an Expo-One Day Pass and to gain entrance into the exhibit hall on Tuesday, October 10, 2017. Students must show a valid Student photo I.D. card to receive an Expo-One Day Pass and to gain entrance into the exhibit hall on Tuesday, October 10, 2017. Pre-registration is open until September 27, 2017; thereafter, registration is onsite at the WMA registration desk in the Charlotte Convention Center. Download one of the forms below, fill out, and email to Careers@WorldMillworkAlliance.com.

WMA 53 rd Annual Convention Tradeshow Charlotte, NC. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 10, 2017 1:00 PM 4:00 PM. WMA welcomes Veterans and Students to explore a career in the millwork industry. Learn from worldwide millwork professionals while viewing the finest millwork products. Meet with industry distributors and examples manufacturers about the opportunities in a millwork career. Pre-registration for a name badge is available by completing a WMA Registration Form. Anyone who has pre-registered s will pick up their complimentary Expo One Day Pass at the WMA registration in the Charlotte Convention Center.

Veterans must show a Veteran#8217;s Administration (VA) identification card to Essay Odysseus' Journey, receive an Expo-One Day Pass and to Gun Control, gain entrance into the exhibit hall on Odysseus' Journey, Tuesday, October 10, 2017. Students must show a valid Student photo I.D. card to receive an Expo-One Day Pass and to gain entrance into the exhibit hall on Tuesday, October 10, 2017. Pre-registration is symptoms of appendicitis open until September 27, 2017; thereafter, registration is onsite at the WMA registration desk in the Charlotte Convention Center. World Millwork Alliance dedicates itself to providing the millwork industry and training institutions with quality online education opportunities. WMAs highly regarded online courses assist in achieving greater efficiency, encourage innovation and develop more confident employees. Odysseus' Home! Contact us for discounted prices on education courses. To Power! Resume building links: Veterans or Students interested in pursuing a millwork career can submit a resume below.

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Essay about Odysseus' Journey Home

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Role of plant glyoxylate reductases during stress: a hypothesis. Molecular modelling suggests that a group of proteins in plants known as the ?-hydroxyacid dehydrogenases, or the hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase superfamily, includes enzymes that reduce succinic semialdehyde and glyoxylate to ?-hydroxybutyrate and glycolate respectively. Recent biochemical and expression studies reveal that NADPH-dependent cytosolic (termed GLYR1) and plastidial (termed GLYR2) isoforms of Odysseus' Home succinic semialdehyde/glyoxylate reductase exist in Arabidopsis . Succinic semialdehyde and glyoxylate are typically generated in leaves via two distinct metabolic pathways, ?-aminobutyrate and glycolate respectively. In the present review, it is proposed that the GLYRs function in the detoxification of both aldehydes during stress and contribute to redox balance. Outstanding questions are highlighted in a scheme for the subcellular organization of the detoxification mechanism in Arabidopsis . aldehyde detoxification glyoxylate reductase ?-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase redox balance succinic semialdehyde reductase. The occurrence of distinct NADPH-dependent GLYR (glyoxylate reductase) isoforms and come to power, activity in the cytosol and Essay Odysseus' Journey Home, chloroplasts of spinach and Corporation Essay, pea has been documented [1]. Recent research has indicated that Arabidopsis cytosolic GLYR1 and plastidial GLYR2 reduce both glyoxylate and SSA (succinic semialdehyde) to glyoxylate and GHB (?-hydroxybutyrate) respectively [24]. In vitro measurements of recombinant GLYR1 and GLYR2 activities revealed that glyoxylate is preferred over SSA as a substrate, the kinetic mechanism is ordered Bi Bi, involving the complexation of NADPH before glyoxylate or SSA, and NADP is a competitive inhibitor with respect to NADPH. Thus plant GLYRs act as an AKR (aldo-keto reductase), but there is no significant homology with either mammalian and bacterial NADPH-SSA reductase, or other members of the AKR superfamily. There is, however, some sequence identity with known ?-hydroxyacid dehydrogenases, such as tartronate semialdehyde reductase and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, which are members of the HIBADH (hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase) protein family. Furthermore, molecular modelling of GLYR1 via comparison with a well-characterized member of the HIBADH family indicates that a Rossmann fold-like nucleotide-binding site with a three-layer (???) sandwich geometry at the N-terminus, orthogonal bundles at the C-terminus, and amino acid residues at the predicted active site are highly conserved (Figure 1).

Taken together, these observations suggest that plant GLYR enzymes are members of the HIBADH protein family [2,3], but crystallization of the about Home proteins and active-site mutagenesis are necessary to substantiate this hypothesis. ( A ) Crystal structure of TSAR (tartronic semialdehyde reductase) and its substrate analogue tartaric acid (TA) (PDB entry: 1VPD). ( B ) Predicted structure of on The the Outdoors GLYR1 generated by about Journey Home, the fold-recognition server PHYRE (http://www.sbg.bio.ic.ac.uk/phyre/) using TSAR as a template. Corporation Essay. ( C and about Odysseus' Journey Home, D ) Overlapping positions and identities of the predicted active-site residues for TSAR and Comcast Corporation, GLYR1 respectively. Red, blue and green indicate negative, positive and hydrophobic regions of the residues. Aldehydes such as glyoxylate and SSA can accumulate in about, plants under stress, and react with DNA, oxidize membrane lipids, modify proteins or influence the transcription of stress-related genes, thereby causing cellular and developmental problems [5,6]. Consequently, enzymes and metabolic pathways that reduce the aldehyde chemical grouping (i.e. H-C=O) in these compounds to its corresponding alcohol are probably essential for maintaining plant health. Corporation Essay. Glyoxylate and SSA are best known as intermediates in the metabolism of glycolate and GABA (?-aminobutyrate) respectively. In the present review, we attempt to Essay about Odysseus' Journey Home place the function of plant GLYRs within a metabolic context. The first three sections discuss the physiological role of the enzymes during stress, with particular emphasis on the turnover of pyridine nucleotides and the metabolism of attribution GABA and glycolate. The final section focuses on about Odysseus' Home, a hypothetical scheme for define, the detoxification of SSA and about Home, glyoxylate, and on opportunities for future research. NAD(P) is ubiquitous in the cell, mediates numerous redox reactions, and influences virtually every metabolic pathway [79].

Furthermore, it is involved in Corporation Universal Essay, the production and consumption of ROS (reactive oxygen species) in Home, plants, and did hitler come to power, is therefore a key player in Journey, signalling events. ROS production is influenced by of appendicitis uk, NADPH/NADP ratios in chloroplasts and mitochondria and NAD(P)H oxidases are key players in ROS generation at the plasma membrane. ROS consumption partly depends on glutathione and ascorbate pools, which are fundamentally maintained by NAD(P)H. NAD(P) plays other defensive and signalling roles, such as production of NO and about, metabolism of reactive aldehydes. NAD(P) pools are plastic in plants and undergo significant changes in response to the environment. For example, increasing light causes progressive over-reduction at the reducing side of Photosystem I in the chloroplast, causing NADP levels to decline and thereby favouring the diversion of electrons to oxygen to produce ROS [10]. Yet the Essay Joy of the Outdoors chloroplast stromal redox state seems to be constant in Home, spite of irradiance. The cytosolic NAD(P) redox states are independent of light, dark or CO 2 availability, yet cytosolic NAD and mitochondrial NAD and NADP are more reduced under photorespiratory conditions [11]. Several other studies indicate that changes in cytosolic and Gun Control, mitochondrial NAD reduction are important in about Odysseus' Home, regulating nitrate reduction and nitrogen assimilation [1214].

Generation of NADPH in the chloroplast depends on Essay on The, the reduction of NADP via ferredoxin NADP reductase in about Journey, the light, and by the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway dehydrogenases, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, in the dark [10,14]. The presence of glucose-6-phosphate and missouri, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenases in peroxisomes implies that these organelles have the capacity to reduce NADP to NADPH for use in antioxidant protection [15]. In the cytosol and Essay Journey Home, mitochondria, NADP-dependent ICDHs (isocitrate dehydrogenases) play a major role in NADPH pool sizes [11,16]. Compromise. NADP-ICDH activity in mitochondria is higher in photosynthetic than in heterotrophic tissues, implying an important role during photosynthesis. It has been suggested that mitochondrial NADP-ICDH provides NADPH for redox regulation of the alternative oxidase via thioredoxin [17]. The NADH/NAD ratio in mitochondria is high during photorespiratory conditions due to glycine oxidation via GDC (glycine decarboxylase) activity, which provides more NADH than the TCA cycle (tricarboxylic acid cycle; also known as the citric acid cycle) [11,18]. This higher ratio could stimulate the interconversion of NADH and NADP via transhydrogenase activity [11,19], thereby increasing mitochondrial NADPH levels, inhibiting NAD-ICDH in the TCA cycle, and causing mitochondrial NADP-ICDH to operate in the reverse direction. About Odysseus'. Consequently, citrate could be exported from the Essay mitochondrion, whereas 2-oxoglutarate could be imported, entering the reverse NADP-ICDH reaction as 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase activity is probably low during photorespiration.

Thus NADP-ICDH reverse activity might recycle NADPH and 2-oxoglutarate in the mitochondrion during photorespiration. Mitochondrial NADP and NAD pools are more oxidized in Odysseus' Journey Home, the dark [11], and the NADH/NAD ratio is not significantly lower than under non-photorespiratory conditions, which represents oxidation of define compromise NADH mainly through the TCA cycle and about Journey, not through GDC. The ATP-dependent phosphorylation of NAD(H) is catalysed by NADK (NAD kinase). Genes encoding NADKs have been cloned from human, yeast and bacteria [2022]. Define Compromise. Eukaryotes possess multiple NAD(H)K genes, whereas bacteria apparently have only about Odysseus' Journey, one. Define Missouri Compromise. The enzymes are divided into NADKs or NAD(H)Ks depending on Essay about Home, their substrate preference for the oxidized and/or reduced forms of NAD [23,24]. Several NADK isoforms are present in plants. In maize, for example, a CaM (calmodulin)-dependent enzyme is found in the cytosol, in the outer membrane of mitochondria and in Corporation Universal Essay, the chloroplast envelope, whereas a CaM-independent form is located in the chloroplast stroma [25,26]. Essay Odysseus' Home. In Avena sativa L. seeds, soluble and mitochondrial NADK activities are present in CaM-dependent and -independent forms [27,28]. CaM-dependent activity has also been detected in pea seedlings, Solanum lycopersicum L. var. pimpinellifolium (Juslen) Mill and green bean [29,30].

In Arabidopsis , there are three isoforms: two are cytosolic [ At NADK1 and At NAD(H)K3] and one is plastidial ( At NADK2) [3134]. Partially purified NADK activity from Arabidopsis displays Ca 2+ /CaM-dependent activity, whereas recombinant At NAK1 and when did hitler come, At NADK2 do not, although At NADK2 has some affinity for CaM [31]. One study has reported that recombinant At NADK1 can utilize both NAD and NADH in an ATP-dependent manner, although the substrate specificity constant was not determined [24], whereas another reported that At NADK1 and At NADK2 utilize NAD, but not NADH [31]. Essay About. At NAD(H)K3 is highly homologous with POS5, a mitochondrial isoform from yeast recently described as an NADK, which prefers NAD(H) as a substrate, but it has negligible amino acid identity with other plant NADKs [23,31]. At NAD(H)K3 can phosphorylate NADH or NAD + in an ATP-dependent manner, but has a 100-fold greater preference for NADH, and its activity is not stimulated by CaM [32]. At NADK1 is induced by oxidative stress, such as ionizing radiation and paraquat treatment, and by compatible and incompatible plantpathogen interactions [24], and NAD(H)K3 is induced by a variety of abiotic stresses and exogenous abscisic acid. NAD(H)K3 apparently plays an important role in cytosolic NADPH levels under abiotic stress [33].

Manipulation of symptoms At NADK2 levels affects chloroplastic NADPH levels, and null mutants are stunted, with a pale yellow colour, and are hypersensitive to about Odysseus' Journey abiotic stress [34]. SSA IS AN INTERMEDIATE IN GABA METABOLISM. Glutamate can be metabolized via a short metabolic pathway that bypasses the NAD-dependent 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase and the ADP-dependent succinyl-CoA ligase steps of the TCA cycle and allows the glutamate carbon backbone to enter the cycle as succinate [35,36] (Figure 2). This pathway is found in Essay on The the Outdoors, virtually all organisms from Essay about Odysseus', bacteria to humans, underscoring its fundamental nature in metabolism. GABA is a four-carbon non-protein amino acid with the amino group on the ?-carbon, rather than the ?-carbon. The decarboxylation of glutamate is catalysed via a cytosolic Ca 2+ /CaM-dependent GAD (glutamate decarboxylase) with the consumption of a proton [35]. The catabolism of GABA apparently involves mitochondrial pyruvate- and glyoxylate-dependent, but not 2-oxoglutarate-dependent, GABA-T (GABA transaminase) activities [3739], resulting in the production of alanine and glycine respectively. GABA-T activity also produces SSA which is quickly oxidized via mitochondrial NAD-dependent SSADH (SSA dehydrogenase) [4042]. When Come To Power. (GAD, GABA-T and SSADH make up the pathway that is commonly known as the Journey Home GABA shunt.) The GABA shunt metabolites and enzymes are indicated as blue and orange balloons respectively, and the TCA cycle is shown as black and pink balloons. Glutamate, the precursor to GABA, is supplied predominantly via the glutamine synthetase/glutamate synthase cycle or the TCA cycle. The polyamine putrescine has been proposed as an alternative GABA precursor, although in planta contribution in mature leaves is likely to be minor.

There are two branching routes for GABA catabolism via SSA: one to succinate and the TCA cycle and the other to GHB via SSA reductase (a yellow balloon, shown as GLYR in Figure 3), although the products of GHB catabolism in plants are currently unknown. The GABA shunt provides metabolic flexibility to the cell with the on The Joy of provision of glutamate rather than pyruvate carbon for use in the TCA cycle. The oxidation of glutamate is Essay about Odysseus' Journey, theoretically less energetically productive than pyruvate, however, because 1 mol each of NADH and ATP are produced at the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase and symptoms uk, succinyl-CoA ligase steps respectively, whereas only 1 mol of NADH is produced at Essay about Journey Home, the SSADH step in the GABA shunt. When Did Hitler Come To Power. Nevertheless, stresses that restrict the oxidation of NADH, diminish TCA cycle intermediates and/or inhibit TCA cycle enzymes should permit greater flux through the GABA shunt. For example, oxygen deficiency inhibits NADH oxidation via the mitochondrial electron transport chain, decreases the glutamate level, and increases the GABA and about Odysseus' Home, alanine levels [4347]. Corporation Universal Essay. Furthermore, manipulation of TCA cycle enzymes, such as NAD-dependent ICDH or aconitase, alters GABA shunt activity [48,49], and about Odysseus', GABA shunt activity can complement reduced expression of succinyl-CoA ligase [49].

GABA accumulation in plants is a general response to various biotic and Essay, abiotic stresses and can involve both biochemical and Home, transcriptional processes [35,36,50]. In some cases, the Gun Control response of GABA is rapid, often within seconds [51,52], suggesting that activation of Odysseus' Journey Home cytosolic GAD activity by Ca 2+ /CaM is probably involved. Essay On The. It is known that Ca 2+ influx into the cell is Odysseus', increased by touch [53], cold shock [52], heat shock, salinity, drought and osmotic stress [54], and GABA does accumulate. However, at symptoms, acidic pH GAD is stimulated independently of Ca 2+ /CaM, and in vivo cytosolic acidification does stimulate GAD activity and GABA production [55,56]. Stresses that disrupt cellular membranes such as wounding, freezing or heat stress, can cause vacuolar contents to be released into Odysseus' Home the cytosol or inhibit ATPase enzymes which pump protons from the symptoms uk cytosol into the vacuole or apoplast, causing a concomitant decrease in cytosolic pH and stimulation of GAD activity. For example, oxygen deficiency is known to decrease cytosolic pH by 0.30.6 pH units and cause GABA to accumulate in soybean, tobacco and Odysseus', Arabidopsis [43,44,47,57]. Transcriptional change in GAD and attribution, GABA-T expression can occur in about Odysseus', response to low oxygen, water deficit, salinity or Agrobacterium infection [47,5861]. Evidence is available for the reduction of SSA and accumulation of GHB in Arabidopsis plants subjected to oxygen deficiency, high light, heat, drought and salinity, and for the recovery of Essay Joy of the Outdoors GHB levels in tobacco after the removal of oxygen deficiency [42,44,46,47,50,62] (Figure 3). In many cases, these results have been associated with altered redox levels. Furthermore, ssadh -knockout mutants of about Odysseus' Journey Home Arabidopsis exhibit chlorotic lesions and Gun Control, accumulate GHB and H 2 O 2 [62]. GLYR isoforms are also implicated in GHB production because their transcript levels can increase under various stresses, such as cold and heat [46].

GLYR activity is found at all developmental stages and in about Odysseus' Home, all tissues, and activity is Gun Control Essay, generally higher in vegetative and reproductive organs than in roots [2]. SSADH-deficient yeast complemented with Arabidopsis GLYR1 grows on Essay about Odysseus' Home, 20 mM GABA as the sole nitrogen source and contains elevated levels of GHB [45]. These studies link the GABA shunt to redox homoeostasis in the cell and suggest that SSA-dependent GLYR activity potentially occurs in planta , despite the fact that glyoxylate is the preferred substrate in vitro [2]. The subcellular scheme relates recent and attribution, hypothetical information about GLYRs and NADKs to pyridine nucleotides and specific intermediates of the GABA and glycolate pathways. There is no consideration of stoichiometry in this scheme. Enzymes of the GABA and glycolate pathways, as well as photorespiratory nitrogen metabolism, are shown as orange, pink and brown balloons respectively.

Enzymes associated with aldehyde detoxification and NADPH formation are shown as blue and turquoise balloons respectively. Journey. Components whose levels are probably elevated in response to stress are shown as yellow boxes, and potential diffusion pathways are shown as dotted lines. Attribution. For further discussion and references, please see the text. Essay Odysseus' Journey Home. FR, ferredoxin reductase; GGAT, glutamate:glyoxylate aminotransferase; GK, glycerate kinase; GO, glycolate oxidase; GOGAT, glutamate synthase; GS, glutamine synthetase; HPR, hydroxypyruvate reductase; PGP, phosphoglycolate phosphatase; SGAT, serine:glyoxylate aminotransferase; SHMT, serine hydroxymethyltransferase. GLYOXYLATE IS AN INTERMEDIATE IN GLYCOLATE METABOLISM. Rubisco (ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase; EC 4.1.1.39) can catalyse the oxygenation of ribulose bisphosphate, resulting in the production of glycolate 2-phosphate, which is when did hitler come, metabolized via the glycolate pathway (Figure 3). (This pathway is often referred to collectively as photorespiration.) The rate of oxygenation compared with carboxylation is dependent on the ambient O 2 and CO 2 concentrations, their K m values and the velocity of the overall reaction [63].

Sharkey et al. [64] estimated that, under ambient conditions, the Essay about Journey rate of photorespiratory CO 2 release is approx. 25% of the rate of net CO 2 assimilation. Symptoms. With rising temperatures, the specificity of Rubisco for CO 2 and the relative solubility of O 2 to CO 2 increase, resulting in enhanced photorespiratory rates. This effect is further augmented by a lowered intercellular CO 2 concentration, which occurs upon stomatal closure during drying conditions such as high light and drought [65], thereby imposing strong carbon loss and possibly leading to the depletion of carbohydrates and accelerated senescence. However, the about Odysseus' Journey suppression of photorespiration over Essay, the long term results in decreased rates of photosynthetic CO 2 assimilation, poor plant growth and chloroplast aberrations [66,67]. The photorespiratory pathway is compartmentalized across chloroplasts, peroxisomes and mitochondria (Figure 3). Glycolate 2-phosphate is first hydrolysed in the chloroplast to glycolate, which is oxidized in the peroxisome to Home glyoxylate.

The glyoxylate in turn undergoes transamination to glycine [68,69], which is transported to the mitochondrion for conversion into serine via NAD-dependent GDC and serine hydroxymethyltransferase, with the release of CO 2 and NH 3 . Serine returns to the peroxisome where it is transaminated to define hydroxypyruvate, which is reduced to glycerate. Glycerate is then phosphorylated in the chloroplast and the resulting glycerate 3-phosphate enters the Calvin cycle. Because of the Odysseus' transamination of glyoxylate to glycine and of appendicitis uk, the large release of NH 3 in the GDC reaction, photorespiratory metabolism is intimately linked to leaf nitrogen metabolism [70]. The energy requirements for Essay about Odysseus' Journey, fixing CO 2 are higher in attribution examples, the presence of photorespiratory metabolism (5.375 mol of ATP and Odysseus' Journey Home, 3.5 mol of NADPH per symptoms uk, CO 2 ), than in its absence (3 mol of ATP and 2 mol of NADPH per CO 2 ) [70]. Thus it has been suggested that photorespiration is important for maintaining electron flow to Journey prevent photoinhibition under stress [70]. Photoinhibition occurs when the and NBC Universal photochemical processes of photosynthesis do not have enough ADP or NADP to enable continued flow of energy through the electron transport system [71,72]. Electron flow becomes blocked as molecules within the Essay about Odysseus' Journey electron transport chain become reduced. Define. Then the electrons of the Photosystem II centre become highly excited as light energy continues to be absorbed; photoinhibition occurs as the excess light energy damages the Essay Journey Home D1 protein.

Photoinhibition is usually temporary because of the turnover rate of the repair mechanisms for missouri, the D1 protein. Essay About Odysseus' Journey Home. However, if other molecules within the photochemical system are permanently damaged by excess energy, chlorophyll becomes bleached, a process known as photo-oxidation. The risk of photo-oxidation occurs under conditions such as salt and drought stresses, wherein internal leaf CO 2 concentration declines as stomata close to prevent water loss, electron consumption by photosynthesis is reduced, and over-reduction of the attribution examples electron transport chain occurs [70]. Odysseus' Journey. Photorespiration rises in plants under salt stress, as indicated by a higher CO 2 compensation point [73], higher light-to-dark ratio of CO 2 production [74], higher glycolate oxidase activity, and the formation of specific metabolites such as glycine, serine and glycolate [75]. CO 2 assimilation declines more quickly in heterozygous barley mutants with reduced levels of various photorespiratory enzymes than in the wild-type under moderate drought stress, demonstrating increasing control by photorespiratory enzymes on photosynthesis [76]. Furthermore, Rubisco and photorespiratory enzyme activities are maintained in Casuarina equisetifolia L. under drought stress as the internal leaf CO 2 concentration decreases, suggesting that photorespiration is likely to increase relative to photosynthesis [77]. Photorespiratory glyoxylate exerts a feedback effect on photosynthesis in heterozygous barley mutated in glutamine synthetase 2, ferrodoxin-glutamate synthase, GDC or serine:glyoxylate aminotransferase [70] (Figure 3). Furthermore, glyoxylate can inhibit the activation of of appendicitis uk Rubisco in vitro [78], and there is a negative relationship between glyoxylate content in the leaves of heterozygous glutamine synthetase 2 mutants and the activation state of Rubisco [79]. Glyoxylate is also a reactive aldehyde that can modify lysine and arginine side chains, and form glyoxylated DNA adducts [80,81]. As indicated above, in about Journey, vitro kinetic studies of recombinant proteins revealed that both cytosolic GLYR1 and plastidial GLYR2 catalyse the essentially irreversible, NADPH-based conversion of glyoxylate into glycolate, and can be regulated by the NADPH/NADP ratio [24].

Since the Essay Michaelis constants for about Odysseus', the two isoforms are apparently in Essay Joy of, the physiological range (4.5 and 34 ?M respectively), it is suggested that the enzymes function in the detoxification of glyoxylate in Essay Journey Home, planta , and, in Corporation and NBC Essay, doing so, provide an alternative sink for excess electrons during the recycling of about Home reducing equivalents. There is not yet any information on expression of the GLYRs under photorespiratory conditions. HYPOTHETICAL ROLE FOR GLYRs DURING STRESS. Figure 3 summarizes the information discussed above with respect to detoxification of GABA-derived SSA and glycolate-derived glyoxylate in Arabidopsis by mechanisms involving the GLYR isoforms. In the the Outdoors absence of Essay about Odysseus' stress, flux through the GABA pathway should be relatively low, whereas photorespiratory flux would be considerable due to the favourable atmospheric CO 2 /O 2 ratio, and glyoxylate produced might contribute to GABA transamination to SSA. In the presence of stress, the cellular Ca 2+ or H + concentration could increase, thereby stimulating GAD activity and define compromise, resulting in Essay Journey Home, elevated GABA levels, and the oxygenation of ribulose bisphosphate would increase due to stomatal closure, probably resulting in glyoxylate accumulation. These responses would probably be associated with increases in NAD(P)H, which would limit the mitochondrial conversion of SSA into succinate via SSADH and glycine into serine via GDC. Based on Corporation and NBC Universal, the subcellular localization of the GABA shunt enzymes, it seems likely that GABA produced in about Odysseus', the cytosol must be transported into the mitochondrion where it is catabolized to on The Joy of SSA by GABA-T activity. With the limitation of SSADH activity by elevated NADH concentration, SSA probably diffuses to the cytosol and Essay, perhaps the chloroplast, where it could be reduced to GHB via GLYR, a process facilitated by elevated NADPH levels. Similarly, some glyoxylate produced in the peroxisome probably diffuses to the cytosol and/or chloroplast to be detoxified by theory examples, GLYR1 and/or GLYR2 respectively. Thus it is proposed that GLYR activity in plants serves to detoxify aldehydes that are typically generated in two distinct pathways, GABA metabolism and glycolate metabolism, and thereby contributes to redox balance.

The response of the pyridine nucleotides during stress could be attributed in large part to the biochemical control of NAD(H)K. In Arabidopsis , the three isoforms of NADK [cytosolic NADK1 and NAD(H)K3, and chloroplast NADK2] are essential for Essay about Odysseus' Home, the phosphorylation of NAD(H) and have been linked to the plant stress response. It is clear that NADK2 utilizes NAD only and did hitler to power, that NADK3 prefers NADH, but the preference of NADK1 for NAD and NADH is less certain. Support, although preliminary, exists for activation by Ca 2+ /CaM of the NADK2 isoform only. Thus further research is required to provide a better picture of the relative importance and the biochemical control of the three NADK isoforms, particularly in Essay Journey Home, view of the Ca 2+ /CaM activation of GAD, which is located in the cytosol. To test this scheme, various NAD(H)K expression mutants would be helpful in assessing the impact of altered redox balance on GABA metabolism and GLYR activity. Additional experiments could be conducted with recombinant GLYR1 and of appendicitis, GLYR2 to confirm whether the enzymes have the capacity to simultaneously reduce both glyoxylate and SSA, while recycling reducing equivalents. There is also a need to utilize/generate single and double knockouts of GLYR1 and GLYR2 in Essay Journey Home, order to establish their physiological functions during stress. For example, the contribution of Corporation Essay GLYR1 and Essay about Journey, GLYR2 to the balance between energy input through photochemistry and energy utilization through metabolism (i.e. photostasis) [82] could be investigated by determining the levels of GABA/GHB, glyoxylate/glycolate and related amino and organic acids, as well as the redox (including the state of Photosystems) and energy balance and photosynthetic efficiency. If the knockouts are more susceptible to stress than the theory wild-type, it could be concluded that the GLYR isoforms are involved in photostasis and prevent the accumulation of toxic aldehydes. At GLYR2 is localized to Home the chloroplast; however, its affinity for glyoxylate and SSA is 10-fold lower than that for GLYR1.

Typically, the over-reduction of the chloroplast electron transport chain by NADPH accumulation would probably be alleviated by GLYR2, but transgenic plants in did hitler come to power, which GLYR1 overexpression is targeted to the cytosol or chloroplast could provide additional protection against photoinhibition and other stresses. Journey Home. If so, GLYR1 overexpression could become a strategy for engineering stress resistance in uk, important crop plants. Work in the authors laboratory in this area is supported by Essay Odysseus' Journey, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada; and the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture Food and Gun Control, Rural Affairs. We gratefully acknowledge the anonymous reviewers of the manuscript for many useful comments and suggestions. Abbreviations: AKR, aldo-keto reductase; CaM, calmodulin; GABA, ?-aminobutyrate; GABA-T, GABA transaminase; GAD, glutamate decarboxylase; GDC, glycine decarboxylase; GHB, ?-hydroxybutyrate; GLYR, glyoxylate reductase; HIBADH, hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase; ICDH, isocitrate dehydrogenase; NADK, NAD kinase; ROS, reactive oxygen species; Rubisco, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase; SSA, succinic semialdehyde; SSADH, SSA dehydrogenase; TCA, tricarboxylic acid.

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5 Marketing Secrets That Will Help Your Resume Get Noticed. Rachel Rowan Stamper. Are you sending out Essay Odysseus' Journey Home one job application after another, but not hearing back? A lackluster resume may be the culprit. As youve probably already heard, youve got about six seconds to catch someones eye (or be passed over), so having a resume that packs a punch and tells a great story quickly is Comcast Corporation and NBC, key.

Not sure how to do it? My advice for getting beyond the first glance is this: SEO yourself. Essay Odysseus' Home! While you probably know the term SEO, you may not know what it means (or how it applies to your resume). SEO stands for search engine optimization , and it involves techniques to make a website appealing to when come to power search engine algorithmsor, in other words, get more love from Google. Top websites regularly consider how to Essay Odysseus' Journey Home make sure theyre noticed by the big search enginesand when it comes to your resume, stealing a few techniques from the to power SEO playbook can catapult you to about Odysseus' Journey the top of the heap. Here are five tricks from the internet marketing world thatll get you past the Comcast and NBC Universal initial glance and into the running for the position you want. Home! A website can have great information, but if it doesnt include the define compromise phrases a searcher would look for, it wont be found. Similarly, your resume should include terms that align with those recruiters and employers use. Essay Odysseus'! If your prospective employers are using an applicant tracking system (ATS), keywords can get you past the of appendicitis machine and in front of human eyes. Odysseus' Journey! Todays sophisticated ATS engines search not only for come to power, keywords, but also scan for appropriate and relevant context (i.e., listing Adobe Photoshop as a technical skill, a language skill, and under each of your prior roles wont trick the system).

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Consider using headline-type formatting and language on your resume, which helps recruiters skim easily through your qualificationsand see that youre a candidate worth considering. Essay About! Heres how to do it: Rather than putting the names of your prior employers in bold font, make your job titles the focus, including keywords whenever you can. If your job titles arent impressive or dont quite reflect the scope of attribution theory what you did, try crafting a short phrase that captions your role (e.g., Administrator: Human Resources Guru). Just be sure your revised title isnt so far off that it would confuse your references ! Then, think like a headline writer, and Home weave standout language into your bullet points in job descriptions. For example, a sales manager might use phrases like rocketed sales by 30%, slashed sales cycle by 20%, or supercharged sales staff performance. Better than, increased, right? Exciting, andit goes without sayingaccurate language can make you stand out and earn you a second (or third) glance. Gun Control! On the web, relevant hyperlinks to credible sources improve your readability and page rank within search engines. On a resume? Relevant hyperlinks can provide hiring managers evidence that youre the Odysseus' Journey Home best candidate for the job. Consider adding links to your personal website, articles youve written in industry journals or publications, or sites that showcase your work. If youre in a creative field, a link to did hitler come your portfolio, to apps youve developed, or to Essay Odysseus' Home articles youve penned can be very persuasive.

For tech job seekers, including links to a video resume, online CV , or sites youve built are nice, tech-savvy touches. However, dont insert hyperlinks just for the sake of doing so. To Power! Make sure all links are relevant, put you in a good light, and (very importantly!) do not go to dead pages. On a website, social media links allow readers to share, like, or pin content. In turn, these social media shares improve SEO. On a resume, including your social media handles is a great way to Essay about Odysseus' Journey demonstrate your personality, industry knowledge, and personal brand. Especially if youre looking for jobs in marketing, brand management, or social media, this is huge.

Start with a link to when your LinkedIn profile, so recruiters can easily see your connections, recommendations, projects, and more. Essay About Odysseus' Journey Home! If you use them professionally, you can also include links to your Twitter, Google+, Facebook, Instagram, Pinterest, or Reddit profiles. Attribution! Bonus: Include links to industry-specific social media sites where youre an active participant (e.g., IT Central Station for techies, OilPro for those in the petroleum field, or Active Rain for realtors). When it comes to websites, content is Essay Odysseus', king. Informative, well-written, and concise articles improve SEO. Attribution Theory Examples! When refining your resume, keep this in mind, and Odysseus' make sure you use tight, high-quality verbiage.

First things first, cut the fluff. Generic phrases and puffery should go ASAPthink cliches like excellent communicator, team player, results-oriented, and motivated self-starter. Also ditch passive words and when did hitler phrases (like was responsible for) and opt for active words like directed instead. Next, strike the objective section. Dont waste valuable resume real estate on thismost readers will skip it (or use it to disqualify you). Finally, use numbers. Hard data (think: dollars and percentages) are easier to digest than text. So, instead of about Odysseus' top-seller, opt for more than $1 million in Comcast Corporation Essay sales or increased sales by Essay about Odysseus' Home, 20% in Q1. Your resume should be brief, but highly effective. These internet marketing strategies can help you streamline and concisely demonstrate that youre a candidate worth a second look. Photo of person holding sign courtesy of Corporation and NBC Essay Shutterstock . Rachel Rowan Stamper is the voice of Hloom.com, a resume template developer. She has more than a decade of Essay about Home HR experience in the staffing sector before shrugging off the corporate coil to pursue a career in freelance writing.

Check in with Rachel on Google Plus to when talk HR, Doctor Who or Gothic literature. To learn more about Hloom, check out this Daily Muse piece which discusses its resume templates. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. Home! While you#39;re here, you may as well check out Essay all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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forensic book report The Committee on Impacts of Sexual Harassment in Essay Journey, Academia. The commission was created after critical reports from the National Academy of Sciences about a dearth of standards and funding for symptoms uk crime labs, examiners and researchers, problems it traced partly to law enforcement control over about Journey Home, the system. An independent commission established by Barack Obama in when come, 2013, the Odysseus' NCFS was meant to bring together scientists, judges, crime lab experts, prosecutors, and defense attorneys to analyze and improve the symptoms field of forensic science, which encompasses the Journey many ways science is Essay Joy of the Outdoors deployed in criminal justice. The group was established partially in response to a scathing report from the Essay Odysseus' Home National Academy of Sciences that highlighted the lack of and NBC Essay standards for crime labs nationwide and was attempting to review and improve this and other forensic science shortcomings. Scientific American (Blog) In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences evaluated the state of forensic science and, shockingly, concluded that many of the techniques used in court actually have no scientific validity. Columbia Daily Tribune. In the motion, Wallis cited a 2009 National Academy of Journey Sciences report that criticizes many forensic methods that law enforcement uses to examine evidence. Wallis wrote that the the Outdoors report concluded that “forensic individualization has not been proven” and the only reliable form of forensic analysis is Home DNA comparisons. Columbia Free Times.

Some don’t agree with Watts’ assessment. And NBC Essay? The National Academy of Sciences gave the about Odysseus' complete inverse of Watts’ view in a 2009 report, coming out against coroner elections and the Outdoors, supporting appointed medical examiners. In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) issued a landmark study that shook the about Odysseus' Home field of forensics. Corporation And NBC Essay? Only nuclear DNA analysis, the report found, could consistently, and with a high degree of certainty, link an individual to a crime. Despite the perfection with which TV technicians match bullets to about Journey Home particular guns, a landmark 2009 study of criminal forensics by the National Academy of Sciences found that ballistics tests had little demonstrated scientific accuracy -- or, in the polite language of the report, “the validity of the fundamental assumptions of uniqueness and reproducibility of firearms-related toolmarks has not yet been fully demonstrated.” The NCFS was itself a response to uk a separate reportreleased in 2009by the National Academy of Essay Journey Sciences which concluded that “no forensic method has been rigorously shown to theory examples have the capacity to consistently, and with a high degree of certainty, demonstrate a connection between evidence and a specific individual or source.” Even so, it hasn’t even been established that everyone’s fingerprints are unique, according to the National Academies of about Odysseus' Home Sciences . Because of to power this, no reliable experts will testify that fingerprint evidence has an Essay about Odysseus' Home error rate of Essay zero. Atlanta Black Star. In addition, in 2009, the National Academy of Odysseus' Sciences reported that the forensic science system is unreliable and has ”serious problems” requiring a national commitment to overhauling it. For most of his career, the microbiologist at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, paid the Corporation and NBC Universal Essay discipline little attention, but he did notice the field-shaking 2009 report from the National Academy of Essay about Odysseus' Journey Sciences (NAS), which found that many forensic techniques, from fingerprint comparisons to bloodstain pattern analysis, lacked a firm scientific footing. He also will continue to campaign against bite-mark evidence, which is what brought him to Washington this week for Essay the National Commission on Forensic Science, created in 2013 after a 2009 National Academy of Sciences report that raised questions about the Essay Odysseus' validity of bike-mark comparison and other pattern evidence, such as tool marks.

The creation of the commission stemmed from a series of crime lab failures and on The the Outdoors, a 2009 report by Essay about Journey, the National Academy of did hitler come to power Sciences revealing forensic evidence like bite marks and hair samples that often helped convict defendants was based on shoddy science. It called for far-ranging improvements. A wave of exonerations followed and Odysseus', ultimately the formation of the Comcast and NBC Universal Essay commission. A more insidious problem came to light following an investigation led by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) back in 2009, and later a White-House-commissioned report headed by some of the country’s most respected scientists. Sessions also rejected the findings of a 2009 report of the National Academy of Sciences that Congress had commissioned in about Journey, light of attribution DNA exonerations showing hundreds of people had been wrongly convicted in Essay about Home, cases involving inaccurate forensic testimony; Sessions said he worried that examining validity of evidence used in theory examples, courts would leave prosecutors having to fend off challenges on Essay about Odysseus' Journey Home the most basic issues in a trial. Washington Post (Blog) Your book, however argues that the Comcast Corporation and NBC Essay “bottom line” is that “most of forensic science lacks a basis in science,” a finding that has a National Academy of Sciences report to about Journey back it up.

For example, a great deal of attribution examples forensic science has now come under scrutiny from the scientific community. In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences published a report that was highly critical of most forensic science other than DNA. And this included things well-regarded by many peoplefingerprinting, hair analysis, bite-mark analysis, arson analysis and Essay Home, so forth. Those nonscientific qualities had been surveyed by to power, the National Academy of Sciences in a 2009 report, and in another study issued in September by the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and about Journey, Technology. New York Times (Op-Ed) A blue-ribbon panel of the National Academy of Sciences raised the same concern in a 2009 report that found nearly every familiar staple of forensic science scientifically unsound. Prompted in part by attribution examples, that report, the Justice Department initiated a review of thousands of cases involving microscopic matching of hair samples. In 2015, the F.B.I. announced its shocking initial findings: In 96 percent of cases, analysts gave erroneous testimony. WNYC-FM (Radio) - New York, NY. The Obama administration created the panel about four years ago after the National Academy of Sciences uncovered faulty techniques and resource problems.

Scholars point out that many crime labs operate under the direct or indirect control of prosecutors and police, raising questions about their independence. The commission was created after critical reports by the National Academy of Sciences about a dearth of Essay about Odysseus' Home standards and funding for Essay crime labs, examiners and researchers, problems it partly traced to Journey Home law enforcement control over the system. In 2009 the National Academy of Sciences said forensic science needed a complete overhaul, questioning the Essay reliability of Journey Home widely used types of evidence such as bite marks, hair analysis, and attribution theory examples, fingerprints. The San Diego Union-Tribune. In 2014, Albright co-led a report from the National Research Council that outlined precautions to avoid biasing the testimony of eyewitnesses. For example, during interviews of eyewitnesses, neither the witness nor the questioner should know the Essay Odysseus' Home suspect’s identity. This “double blind” method is considered the missouri gold standard in biomedical research. But, generally, problems persist.

In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences documented reams of Essay about Odysseus' faulty forensic practices. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Editorial) Science doesn’t lie. That’s why forensic evidence has become a staple of criminal cases. However, in a 2009 report, the National Academy of Sciences warned about the danger of flawed testing procedures and analysts’ improprieties scenarios that rob science of its vaunted impartiality and lead to wrongful convictions. The review of the D.C. lab results comes months after a White House scientific advisory panel renewed scientists’ challenge to whether firearms testing and other forensic techniques should be admitted as scientific evidence, reinforcing criticism by the National Research Council that matched bullets, hair or tire treads to attribution theory examples a single source are overstated. Washington Post (Op-Ed) So far, the discipline has been found to be scientifically unreliable by the National Academy of Sciences , the Texas Forensic Science Commission, and the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.

While some mid-sized police departments are hiring firearms examiners and many larger departments have their own crime labs, a 2009 report by the National Academy of Sciences called for crime labs to be independent of law enforcement and offer more training to reduce bias and the risks for misinterpretation of evidence. Buffalo News (Opinion) The National Academy of Sciences study was “not able to find a body of evidence indicating whether fingerprinting added to safety one way or another,” and the state of Maryland recently came to the same conclusion. Bite mark evidence has been strongly criticized by several scientific bodies, including the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and, most recently, by about Odysseus', the President’s Council of symptoms uk Advisors on Science and about Odysseus' Journey Home, Technology (PCAST). The Washington Post (Opinion) Over the past several years, several scientific bodies have released reports that have been highly critical of the way forensic science is used in U.S. courts, including the attribution theory National Academy of Sciences and the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and about Journey Home, Technology. The Washington Post.

The reports from Comcast Corporation Universal, PCAST, NIST and the National Academy of Sciences all gave us a clearer, well-documented view of the crisis in forensics. The Washington Post (Opinion) The aim of the PCAST report, as well as the 2009 National Academy of Sciences report and the National Institute of Journey Standards and Technology working groups, was to bring science to forensics or rather to see if there’s any science behind the claims of forensic analysts. Hatley said cases all over the country that link bullets to guns are being re-examined after a 2009 report from the National Academy of Sciences completely lambasted the practice. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology has become the when did hitler come latest organization to identify bite mark evidence as profoundly unreliable, joining the National Academy of Sciences , the Texas Forensic Science Commission and Odysseus', other academic researchers and scientists, Delger said. The Austin Chronicle. He referenced the 2009 National Academy of Gun Control Sciences report, Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward, which recommends crime labs operate as independent entities.

In 2009, the National Research Council published a report stating that “much forensic evidenceincluding, for example bite marks and firearm and tool mark identificationsis introduced in criminal trials without any meaningful scientific validation, determination of error rates, or reliability testing to explain the Essay Odysseus' Journey limits of the discipline.” He explained how a 2009 report by the National Academy of Sciences , titled “Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward,” shaped his 2010 SBI coverage with Locke. The failure to implement critical forensic science evidence reforms (recommended by the country’s top experts) dates back at least to attribution examples 2009, when the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) issued its groundbreaking report called, “Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward.” The Washington Post. University of Virginia law professor Brandon L. Garrett, who has written a book on flawed forensics and wrongful convictions, titled, “Convicting the Innocent: Where Criminal Prosecutions Go Wrong,” argues that the council’s report is well-founded and supports a 2009 National Academy of Essay about Journey Home Sciences report that much of forensic evidence used in criminal trials is “without any meaningful scientific validation.” September 20, 2016. The Washington Post.

The White House report adds to a critical 2009 report by a congressionally charted National Academy of Sciences panel that traced weak standards for crime labs, examiners, testimony and research in part to crime labs being under the control of law enforcement. September 16, 2016. Forensic dentists have pushed back against critiques of their research and practices over the years, including a damning 2009 report published by the National Academy of Sciences , The Intercept reported. Press Mentor (Opinion) President Barack Obama formed PCAST in Corporation and NBC Essay, 2009 following the Essay about Odysseus' Journey Home National Academy of missouri Sciences report that concluded, aside from Essay Odysseus' Journey, DNA, there was little, if any, meaningful scientific underpinning to many of the forensic disciplines. The Christian Science Monitor. But not all crime scenes have clear DNA markers, so in 2009 the US National Research Council issued a call for Corporation and NBC new research and Odysseus' Home, reforms to Joy of repair deficiencies in forensic science methods. The Washington Post (Opinion) Seven years ago, the National Academy of Sciences came out about Home with a similar report, though it was somewhat more diplomatic than PCAST’s.

Although the practice of presidents naming scientific advisers dates back to Franklin D. Did Hitler Come To Power? Roosevelt’s administration, the Essay Odysseus' Home timing of the Essay creation of Obama’s council was particularly notable, coming just roughly two months after the release of a groundbreaking report from the Essay Odysseus' Home National Academy of Sciences National Research Council, which cast a long shadow over a host of when did hitler come to power pattern-matching forensic disciplines that have been used for decades in criminal cases. The Wall Street Journal. One report done by the National Research Council and released in 2009 said “much forensic evidenceincluding, for example bite marks and firearm and tool mark identificationsis introduced in criminal trials without any meaningful scientific validation, determination of about Odysseus' Journey error rates, or reliability testing to explain the Gun Control Essay limits of the discipline.” McClatchy Washington Bureau. Indeed, according to a 2009 report released by the National Academy of Sciences , researchers have found that DNA is the only type of Essay Odysseus' Journey evidence that can consistently and when did hitler, confidently connect specific individuals to crimes or prove innocence. Forensic laboratories have conducted many experiments over the years to help law enforcement and lab technicians make better interpretations of that data, but there’s still a degree of subjectivity that comes into Essay about Home, playa key finding of a 2009 report on forensic sciences by to power, the National Academy of about Odysseus' Journey Sciences . Imperial Valley News (Opinion) The committed current Monroe County chief medical examiner Dr. Symptoms Uk? Nadia Granger clearly wants to address the issue but it also needs the support of the about Odysseus' medical schools to steer more medical students into the profession that as recently as 2009 was described by the National Academy of Sciences as “fragmented”, “deficient” and “hodgepodge”. National Geographic Magazine. It’s been seven years since the National Academy of Sciences report called for a complete overhaul of forensic science. . . . The Washington Post.

A National Academy of Sciences panel in 2009 reported that although examiners had long claimed to be able to match pattern evidence to a source with “absolute” or “scientific certainty,” only DNA analysis had been validated through statistical research. New York Times (blog) Bite-mark matching was discredited by the National Academy of Sciences . The well-known 2009 National Academy of Sciences report was scathing in its criticism of bite mark matching, and found no scientific evidence that evidence from a bite mark could identify a particular individual to when to power the exclusion of all others. Pretty referenced a 2009 report by the National Academy of Sciences , which found that bite marks could not be used to reliably identify an individual. The New York Times. In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences said bite-mark analysis and other forensic tools, including comparisons of writing samples, tool marks, tire tracks, footprints and hair specimens, had never been validated. In 2009, a National Academy of Sciences committee found that there has not been adequate research on the accuracy of bite-mark comparisons and about Odysseus' Journey, that, while such comparisons might be useful in excluding suspects, “the committee received no evidence of an existing scientific basis for identifying an Essay individual to the exclusion of all others.” The National Commission on Forensic Science itself was the Essay about Odysseus' Journey Home product of a landmark report released by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in 2009, which urged the U.S. Essay? government to establish an “independent federal entity” to address deep and widespread problems with the state of forensics. Yates’s proposal is among the broadest responses to Odysseus' Journey a National Academy of Sciences panel report in February 2009 that questioned subjective comparisons of evidence by experts. The exciting news is that, to Universal some extent, this is now happening, and Essay Journey Home, not just in Houston. Many observers, including the National Academy of Sciences in a prominent 2009 report, have called for a “research culture” in forensics.

The Next Page: Four experts explain why forensic analysis of Essay crime scenes is not as reliable as you might think. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Opinion) According to a 2009 report of the National Academy of Essay about Odysseus' Sciences , many forensic science methods are inadequately validated, which means they have not been sufficiently tested to establish how well they work and how often and under what conditions they fail. Reversing the Essay legacy of Odysseus' junk science in the courtroom. But such claims are ill-founded, a committee at the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) concluded in Essay the Outdoors, 2009. “ February 25, 2016. Yates's proposal is among the broadest responses yet to a National Academy of Sciences panel report in February 2009 that questioned subjective comparisons of evidence by experts. February 25, 2016.

What the exoneration of George Perrot means for the criminal justice system. In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences published a damning report concluding that, with the exception of DNA analysis, traditionally accepted forensic techniques are substandard in terms of scientific rigor. Alberto Gonzales: Justice system wrongs too many. A National Academy of Sciences report warns that there is Essay Odysseus' Journey Home insufficient training and education of researchers and crime scene technicians and and NBC Universal, no meaningful reliability testing to explain the Essay about Odysseus' Journey Home limits of these disciplines. February 20, 2016. Justice Scalia's unexamined death points to a problem.

Back in 2009, the attribution theory examples National Academy of about Odysseus' Sciences reported that the practice of allowing lay coroners and justices of the peace to sign death certificates, and the lack of certification and training of death investigative personnel, puts our legal system at risk. Should We Trust Forensic Science? In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences produced a report criticizing the attribution state of about Journey Home forensic science. February 16, 2016. The Dallas Morning News (Editorial) Critics of bite mark analysis, including the National Academy of Sciences , say the procedure is based on unproven assumptions that lead to attribution examples unreliable conclusions that shouldn’t be relied on to imprison people. The conclusion mirrored a National Research Council 2009 report, which says “no thorough study has been conducted of large populations,” and there’s no “existing scientific basis” on bite mark analysis. February 12, 2016. Texas Forensic Science Commission to recommend a moratorium on bite mark evidence. The Washington Post (Opinion)

And as we’ve seen over Essay about Journey Home, the past 10 to 15 years, there have been other warnings from whistleblowers, scientists and even the National Academy of Sciences about the dubiousness of Essay the Outdoors bite mark evidence. February 11, 2016. Texas could become first state to recommend moratorium on use of bite marks in court. Since then, a number of scientific studies, including a 2009 report from the National Academy of Sciences , have found that such conclusions are not supported by science. February 10, 2016. Justice system wrongs too many. A National Academy of Sciences report warns that there is insufficient training and education of researchers, technicians and crime scene technicians and no meaningful reliability testing to about Odysseus' Home explain the limits of these disciplines. Findley said bad forensic science is the did hitler to power second leading cause of wrongful convictions. Essay Odysseus' Journey? The National Academy of did hitler Science said the only consistently reliable forensic science is DNA.

The Washington Post. In 2009, a panel of the National Academy of Sciences commissioned by Congress reported that although forensic examiners have long claimed to be able to match pattern evidence such as hair samples, shoe and Essay Odysseus', tire treads, bitemarks or marks on fired bullets to a source with “absolute” or “scientific certainty,” only DNA analysis had been validated through statistical research. Huffington Post (Opinion) Almost seven years ago, on attribution theory February 18, 2009, in what was thought to be a watershed development for the use of about Journey Home forensic science in the courtroom, the National Academy of Sciences issued a groundbreaking report called Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward (2009); the legal community calls it the NAS report. In her concurring opinion, Easterly noted that the theory policy shift that prosecutors tracked to about 2009 came after two National Research Council panels reported in 2008 and Essay about Home, 2009 that there is no statistical basis to determine how often bullets fired by different weapons might look alike, or even whether a firearm makes a unique, reproducible mark. Here's one example, from attribution, my series, discussing how Mourges handles a 2009 National Academy of Sciences report that criticized bite mark analysis in pretty harsh terms.

Work needed to restore confidence in state crime labs. Statesman Journal (Opinion) Working toward the creation of independent labs independent labs removed from the control of law enforcement, prosecution or defense, as recommended by the National Academy of Sciences in 2009. The Durango Herald. In 2014, the National Academy of Sciences issued a report that cited research documenting the “malleable nature” of human perception and Journey, memory. December 16, 2015. Forensic science reform is finally here. But will we get it right? I don't mean to Essay be overly cynical, but there was similar excitement about the National Academy of Sciences Report on forensics that came out in 2009.

A report issued in 2009 by the National Academy of Sciences , “Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States,” was a turning point. Dallas Morning News. Since then, a number of scientific studies, including a 2009 report from the Essay Odysseus' Journey Home National Academy of Sciences , have found that such conclusions are not supported by science. Take a look at this report from the National Academy of define missouri Sciences , it calls the hair test highly unreliable. In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences wrote a scathing view of about Journey crime lab policies across the country and recommended changes. Dallas Morning News.

Arizona Sonora News. One report has become a source of contention between the two sides of the judicial process. Defense attorneys and their advocates look to the 2009 National Academy of Sciences report as a document that questions the ability of using some non-DNA evidence in convictions and some in prosecution look on when did hitler come to power the document as a politically motivated report with questionable findings. According to a 2009 report on forensics from the National Academy of Essay Journey Sciences , courtrooms accepted the Essay on The Joy of the Outdoors technique with few questions. In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences published a report that concluded there was insufficient scientific basis to conclusively match bite marks. Dallas Morning News. In 2009, the Odysseus' National Academy of Sciences published a report that concluded that there was insufficient scientific basis to conclusively match bite marks. The National Academy of Science in 2009 issued a report discrediting bite mark evidence as an inexact way to match defendants to bite wounds. The National Academy of Sciences recently issued a report that concludes that aside from attribution theory, DNA, no forensic method has been rigorously shown to Essay Journey Home have the capacity to consistently, and with a high degree of certainty, demonstrate a connection between evidence and a specific individual or source. It's particularly important given that, in 2009, the National Academy of missouri Sciences called for more scientific rigor in forensic science - singling out fingerprints in particular as an area that merited additional study, she said. The Atlantic (Opinion)

In a 2009 report, the National Academy of Sciences strongly criticized these and other techniques, pointing out that “many forensic tests have never been exposed to stringent scientific scrutiny” because “researching their limitations and foundations was never a top priority.” Huffington Post (Opinion) At this point, it's not as if we don't know about these problems; virtually every systematic analysis of the system, such as the review culminating in the National Research Council's 2009 report, gives cause for grave concern. Dallas Morning News (Editorial) A 2009 study of the about Odysseus' Journey Home nation’s forensic work by the National Academy of Sciences said that bite analysis is one discipline that grew out of lab tests but has “never been exposed to stringent scientific scrutiny.” Dallas Morning News. In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences published a report that concluded there was insufficient scientific basis to conclusively match bite marks. The Washington Post (Opinion) In a widely cited 2009 report, the National Academy of Sciences portrayed forensic work as fundamentally flawed, saying that with the exception of DNA evidence, most forensic tools, such as hair comparison and blood-spatter analysis, are more like traditional beliefs that have never been statistically tested. The Marshall Project. A watershed report by the National Research Council in did hitler come, the U.S. in 2009 found that with the Odysseus' Journey exception of DNA analysis, “no forensic method has been rigorously shown able to consistently, and with a high degree of certainty, demonstrate a connection between evidence and symptoms of appendicitis uk, a specific individual or source.”

The Christian Science Monitor. A report from the National Academy of Sciences in 2009 found that microscopic hair analysis along with other juror-trusted forensic techniques like bite-mark, ballistics, and Essay about Odysseus', even fingerprint analysis were unscientific in their methodology. By 2009, microscopic hair analysis - along with such forensic staples as analyses of bite marks and fibers - was labeled highly unreliable by the National Academy of Science in a study titled Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward. Much of the when did hitler to power so-called forensic science used to convict people for decades, has been deemed unreliable by a congressionally commissioned 2009 report of the Odysseus' Home National Academy of Sciences . Washington Post (Opinion) In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences recommended that crime labs be separated from law enforcement control.

Another whole field of Essay Joy of forensic science, compositional bullet lead analysis, was shown to Essay about Journey Home be bogus in a 2004 National Academy of Sciences study. The New York Times (Editorial) A 2009 report by the National Research Council found “no scientific support” and “no uniform standards” for the method’s use in positively identifying a suspect. At best, hair-sample analysis can rule out a suspect, or identify a wide class of Essay Joy of people with similar characteristics. The Daily Beast.

The Washington Post. The New York Times (Opinion) Following the Essay Odysseus' National Academy of Sciences report in 2009 recommending that labs be pulled out of the examples police departments, and the well publicized problems with the Houston Police Department Crime Lab in 2002-4, the Essay about Odysseus' Journey City of Houston created the Houston Forensic Science Center (HFSC) . . Examples? . . The Washington Post. That hearing was the first to assess the science behind bite mark matching since the field came under fire in a landmark 2009 report by the National Academy of Sciences . His view is buttressed not only by DNA’s overturning of convictions that relied on ballistics, hair analysis and Essay about Odysseus' Journey Home, bite marks, but also by a series of steps over the past couple of Comcast Essay decades: a 1993 Supreme Court case, Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, requiring more stringent scientific standards for expert testimony in federal courts, including known error rates; a 2009 report from the National Research Council urging comprehensive reform of forensic sciences; and two bills before Congress aimed at improving standards. And yet, a 2009 report from the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) identified numerous shortcomings in the field, including an absence of a scientific basis for most forms of forensic evidence, a lack of uniform standards and the need for independence from law enforcement. The Washington Post. The 2009 National Academy of Sciences report that was highly critical of the Essay about Odysseus' way forensics is used in the courtroom was entitled “A Path Forward.” The words expressed the hope of the report’s authors that it would serve as a catalyst to spur scientific testing of forensic specialties, more vigorous policing of what expert witnesses say on the stand and the development of uniform standards and procedures, all pointing toward an ultimate goal of preventing more wrongful convictions caused by unsupported expert testimony. Some of those groups uncovered the flaws in forensic analyses that inspired a National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report in 2009. Instead, as this series will explore tomorrow, the group’s leadership has focused on ruining the people who have helped expose those wrongful arrests and convictions.

Bite mark matching in Gun Control Essay, America began with a literal witch hunt. Its proponents are engaged in a figurative one today. The field of forensics has reached an important moment. In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences published a congressionally commissioned report on the state of Essay Home forensic science in the courtroom. That was exposed very starkly in 2009 by the US National Academy of symptoms of appendicitis uk Sciences (NAS) when they produced a report called Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States.

“The results from the Miami-Dade team address the accuracy, reliability, and validity in Essay, the forensic science disciplines, a need that was identified in the 2009 National Academies report, Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward,” said Gerald LaPorte, director of NIJ’s Office of Investigative and symptoms, Forensic Sciences. Houston Chronicle (Subscription) A 2009 report by the National Academy of Sciences recommended that forensic laboratories should no longer be part of, or operated by, law enforcement agencies such as police departments or district attorney's offices. The lack of a scientific basis for bite-mark identification was stressed by the National Academy of Sciences in Journey, a 2009 report on forensics. A 2009 National Academies of Essay the Outdoors Sciences report also called for more accreditation in the nation's crime labs after finding serious deficiencies in some of them. In 2009, the National Research Council reported that a number of forensic disciplines “have yet to establish either the validity of their approach or the accuracy of their conclusions.” Peterson referred to Essay Home a 2009 report by Essay Joy of the Outdoors, the National Academy of Sciences, which noted that public forensic science laboratories ideally should be independent of or autonomous within law-enforcement agencies.

Outrage about the execution mounted as arson science continued to Essay about evolve. In 2009, the National Research Council, which helps to shape policy on science, engineering and medicine, published a report that found that all matter of established forensics -- from fingerprinting to when hair samples -- were not, in fact, well supported by science. In 2009, a National Academy of Sciences committee embarked on about a long-overdue quest to and NBC Universal Essay study typical forensics analyses with an appropriate level of scientific scrutinyand the results were deeply chilling. The New York Times. A 2009 report by a committee of the National Academy of Sciences found “serious problems” with an assortment of methods routinely relied on by prosecutors and Essay, the police. Chemical and Engineering News. Five years ago, the National Academy of Sciences put out a report condemning the state of forensic science. In 2009, the National Academy of Sciences issued a groundbreaking and disturbing report on did hitler to power how forensic analysis is used in America’s courtrooms. The investigation cited a 2009 blue ribbon panel of the Essay Home National Academy of Comcast Corporation and NBC Universal Sciences that pointed out the absence of oversight of coroners and Odysseus', medical. Chemical and Engineering News. February 4, 2014.

Even the quintessential document about forensic science written in the last decade the National Academy of Essay on The the Outdoors Sciences' (NAS) Strengthening Forensic Science . humane birth control, which the National Academy of about Odysseus' Journey Sciences recommends. Horse advocates and Corporation and NBC, even some. Whether the Massachusetts scandal leads to improved drug testing remains to be seen. Essay About? The National Academy of Sciences issued a report in 2009 saying that the define missouri increasing reliance on scientific tests in court demands stronger national oversight. Wall Street Journal (Subscription) Forensic evidence has come under greater scrutiny nationwide following a 2009 report from the National Academy of Sciences, which concluded that no forensic method, with the exception of DNA analysis, has been proved to reliably allow crime-scene evidence to Essay Home be linked to a particular suspect. The District Chronicles.

Wall Street Journal[requires subscription] Pressure from activists and media exposés of flawed forensic practices led Congress in 2005 to commission a report by uk, the National Academy of Sciences. Published in Essay about Odysseus' Journey Home, 2009, it concluded that besides DNA analysis, no forensic method has been rigorously shown to have the capacity to consistently, and on The the Outdoors, with a high degree of certainty, demonstrate a connection between evidence and a specific individual or source. Officials to review flawed FBI hair analysis in about Odysseus' Home, criminal cases. Richmond Times Dispatch. Deemed unreliable in attribution theory, 2009 by Essay about, the National Academy of Science, microscopic hair comparison analysis was routinely used by prosecutors in the years before DNA testing, to link a defendant to a crime. Gail Jaspen, chief deputy director of the Virginia. The Atlantic Wire. The practice was deemed “highly unreliable” in the 2009 National Academy of Science report on forensic science, Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward. As part of the agreement announced today, the agencies acknowledge.

New research from the National Academy of Science proved there was no evidence of arson in and NBC Universal, the fire. Wrongly convicted, Taylor was finally released-42 years later. For nearly 50 years, starting in the 1920s, the about Odysseus' population of U.S. prisons was around. High Court Issues Stay of Execution for Manning. Engineer Working to Put More Science behind Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. The BLT: Blog of Legal Times (blog) February 21, 2013. New Commission to Set Standards for Troubled Forensic Sciences. February 15, 2013. U.S. to Commit Scientists and Essay on The, New Commission to Fix Forensic Science. February 14, 2013.

IU's Kafadar Takes Ongoing Effort to Improve 'Science' of Forensic Science to about AAAS Annual Meeting. February 12, 2013. Too Much Information. February 6, 2013. Drug Lab Scandal: The Massive Failures Of Many Collided In A Perfect Storm. January 14, 2013. The Unsettling, Underregulated World of uk Crime Labs. Flawed Forensic Work. November 27, 2012. November 17, 2012.

Blood and Circus. Why Forensic Science is Failing Us - and Why Tonight's NOVA Documentary doesn't Quite Cut It. More Science Needed for Forensic Investigations. The Dark Side of Forensic Science. Justice Dept., FBI to Review Use of Forensic Evidence in Journey Home, Thousands of Cases.

Justice Department Should 'Step Up' on Flawed Forensic Evidence. 500 Fifth Street, NW | Washington, DC 20001 | T. 202.334.2000.

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How to Write the Perfect Nurse Practitioner School Personal Statement. Most nurse practitioner (NP) schools require their prospective students to compose a personal statement. Often, these elusive essays cause applicants to panic, but with just cause: personal statements are one of the most important components of Essay about Odysseus' Home NP school applications. Having applied to a BSN, MSN, and Comcast Corporation and NBC Universal DNP program in my past, I have written more personal statements than I can count. In this article, I offer general advice for preparing, writing, and editing your essay. To help temper your anxiety, this post elaborates on Essay about Journey the importance of: Following directions Being honest Writing passionately and professionally Making your case Starting with an when did hitler come to power outline Offering a story Speaking the nursing language Addressing your red flags Giving yourself plenty of Essay about Odysseus' Journey time Using correct syntax and grammar Reading it out loud. First and examples foremost, follow directions. Each school has different guidelines for their personal statements, and you do not want your application thrown out just because you fell under their required word count. Some schools provide explicit information on the length, format, and content of the personal statement while others leave the Journey Home task more open-ended.

For example, Vanderbilt University provides an open-ended prompt for the admissions essay: The Statement of Purpose should reflect your understanding of the role of the Corporation Essay advanced practice nurse and your interest in either a particular patient population, in healthcare leadership or in nursing informatics. Before writing your statement of purpose, please carefully review information about the specialty on our website so that you clearly indicate to the faculty that your career goals are a fit with the specialty. Drexel University also offers specific guidelines for Essay about Odysseus' Home, their personal statement requirement: Personal statement (under 1,000 words) that will give the admissions committee a better understanding of: (1) Why you are choosing this particular program of study; (2) Your plans upon completion of the graduate degree; and, (3) How your current work experience will enhance your experience in and NBC Universal Essay, this MSN program. On the other hand, NP schools like Duke University and University of California San Francisco merely ask for a personal statement or goal statement with no further direction. Be aware that not every school calls your essay a personal statement. Allen College, for Essay about, example, calls it a biographical sketch, and Johns Hopkins University calls it a written expression of goals. Every application will be slightly different, so it is important to stay organized. Table 1 is an example of and NBC Universal Essay how I stayed organized during my NP school applications. (2) Clearly indicate to the faculty that your career goals are a fit with the specialty. (2) Your plans upon Essay Odysseus' Journey Home completion of the graduate degree.

(3) How your current work experience will enhance your experience in this MSN program. Make sure your answers line up with your resume or curriculum vitae. Do not exaggerate your skills or accomplishments. Instead, be proud of what you have achieved and speak enthusiastically about your desire to become an NP. Never let someone else write your essay for Gun Control Essay, you, and never plagiarize content from Essay Journey Home, books, blogs, or journal articles. Compromise? The admissions committee may scan your personal statement for Journey Home, plagiarism using an Essay the Outdoors online program. Be sure to check your essay before you submit it using a website like PlagTracker, Turn It In, or Grammarly. Write Passionately and Professionally. One of my favorite quotes is from Essay Journey Home, Ralph Waldo Emerson: Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm. If being an NP is your goal, pursue it with courage, determination, and passion. Become enthusiastic about all things nurse practitioning.

Writing professionally does not mean writing a bland, scientific paper. Be concise, be consistent, use clear examples, and make it sound like you. Make sure your personal statement succinctly and lucidly portrays your passion for becoming an NP. Do not use this essay as a means to criticize past professors or other NP programs. Think of Gun Control Essay your personal statement as your chance to convince the admissions committee to accept you.

Why should they admit you? What makes you unique? Why will you succeed in graduate school? Why will you be an excellent nurse practitioner? Use your essay to Journey make your case. Make sure you tailor your answers to your chosen medical specialty. For example, if you are applying to become an define missouri emergency nurse practitioner, what characteristics do you have that will ensure your success? Are you quick on your feet, calm under pressure, and compassionate to all? Are you enthusiastic about this specialty? What have you done or what do you do that demonstrates your passion?

Sometimes the Essay hardest part is figuring out where to begin. A mind map can help you start brainstorming. A mind map is a spidergram that offers a structured method for developing ideas. Corporation And NBC Essay? Here is an example of one I made when I was brainstorming my research interests. When you are ready, use your mind map to create a topical outline. Typically, you will want to have an about Odysseus' Home introduction and conclusion paragraph that sandwich a handful of body paragraphs. Your introduction and Essay the Outdoors conclusion should include your thesis and Home summary of your subtopics. Each body paragraph should elaborate upon one subtopic. I use the following outline when beginning my articles. An attention-grabbing opening statement A thesis statement summarizing the theme and the Outdoors purpose of the paper Mention each subtopic covered in Essay about Odysseus' Home, the body paragraphs.

Body Paragraphs (one for each subtopic) Opening sentence that indicates subtopic to be discussed Multiple sentences that provide supporting details and examples A short explanation regarding how these details or examples relate to your thesis. Begin with a restatement of your thesis Summarize your main topic and subtopics End with global statement. You want the attribution theory examples admissions team to remember you. You want to about Odysseus' Journey Home stand out. Try to Gun Control Essay incorporate a personal story that will make you memorable. The stories can usually be about anything you like: anything from a conversation with a mentor to a volunteer experience.

Make the story interesting and use it to illustrate and emphasize your key points. Choose a story that describes how you decided to become an NP or one that illustrates your personal values. You might also write about a particular challenge or experience that changed your perspective. Essay Home? Try to choose a story that gives the reader a clear impression of who you are and Essay on The Joy of why you will be successful in NP school. Consider beginning the story in your introduction, telling small pieces in about Odysseus' Home, each body paragraph, and ending the story in define, your conclusion paragraph. Odysseus'? If you decide to tel a story in your personal statement, I suggest using the missouri compromise outline below. Open with a short vignette that introduces your story and the conflict or challenge A thesis statement summarizing the theme and purpose of the paper Mention each subtopic covered in the body paragraphs. Body Paragraphs (one for about Odysseus' Journey Home, each subtopic) With each new body paragraph, tell a little more of the story, relating each part of the anecdote to the subtopic Opening sentence that indicates subtopic to be discussed Multiple sentences that provide supporting details and examples A short explanation regarding how these details or examples relate to symptoms uk your thesis.

Conclude the Essay Odysseus' Journey story with what you learned or by symptoms emphasizing the moral Restatement of your thesis and summarize your subtopics End with global statement. In your personal statement, speak the about Odysseus' Journey Home nursing language. This will give you credibility. Symptoms Uk? For those new to Essay about Odysseus' Journey the NP field, learn the language by reading as many books as you can. A good place to start is missouri, Stewart and DeNiscos Role Development for the Nurse Practitioner. This text offers a broad overview of health policy, healthcare reform, mentoring, prescriptive authority, and the history of NPs. A newer book that I love is Carolyn Bupperts Nurse Practitioners Business Practice and Legal Guide. Essay About Odysseus' Home? This book will give you more detailed information about the compromise scope of practice laws in each state. It never hurts to Essay touch on these seminal publications from the Institute of Medicine: You might also consider citing these position papers published by the American Association of Nurse Practitioners: If you have a red flag in of appendicitis uk, your application, explain it in your personal statement.

Do you have a bad grade or low Graduate Record Exam score? Maybe you lack a full year of Essay about Journey nursing experience. Rather than shying away from the topic, offer a clear, accurate explanation. Demonstrate humility, and attribution write about Essay about Journey, how you have compensated for this mistake, challenge, setback, or flaw. Do not procrastinate! Start your personal statement weeks in of appendicitis uk, advance. Give yourself adequate time to brainstorm, write an outline, compose each paragraph, revise, and edit. A rushed essay might land your entire application in Essay Odysseus' Journey Home, the rejected pile. Proofread, proofread, and proofread again! A clean, well-composed essay exemplifies your ability to succeed in a graduate program.

My favorite website for checking grammar is Grammarly. They offer a free and premium service. They advertise that their software catches 250 errors that Microsoft Word does not detect. I also find their free Grammar Handbook helpful. Throughout my DNP program, I started a list of Corporation Universal general writing tips. Here are some of the most important: Use American Psychological Association (APA) formating Avoid generalities, cliches, and psychobabble Do not use the verb to get Do not use very as an intensifier Data is Essay, plural, so use a plural verb Use active voice whenever possible Compare with points out differences between two similar things Affect is define compromise, a verb and effect is about Odysseus' Home, a noun Keep the subject and the verb close together Omit needless prepositions Use that if what you are saying cannot be eliminated without changing the meaning of the sentence Use which if you can delete the attribution examples clause and the sentence will still have the same meaning Avoid using negative statements Write out numbers under 10 (e.g. three, seven, 10, 45) Be consistent with abbreviations and titles Avoid contractions. In general, avoid adverbs.

Instead, use stronger verbs that imply the adverb. Essay About Journey? Here is a list of strong verbs to define consider: Offers Provides Exemplifies Corroborates Estimates Approximates Projects Expands Emphasizes Assesses Reviews Confirms Describes Peaks Decides Solve Analyze Catalyze. There are a variety of websites that can help you with APA formatting, grammar, syntax, and checking for about Journey, plagiarism. When Did Hitler To Power? Some good resources include:

After you have finished writing your essay, read it out loud. Most people have more experience listening and speaking than writing and editing. By reading your personal statement out loud, your brain will hear the information and Odysseus' Home new way and notice flaws you did not see before. It helps to print a copy of your paper so that you can take notes as you read. Read at a slow to moderate pace. Try to be systematic about your reading: check for grammar the of appendicitis uk first time through, syntax the second time, and tone the third time. As you listen to your paper, pay attention to Essay Journey the order of Essay on The Joy of the Outdoors your ideas. Essay About Journey Home? Note any gaps in Gun Control, your explanations.

Make sure you transition clearly from Odysseus' Home, one main idea to the next. Do not be afraid to reorder sentences, paragraphs, or entire sections. Also, listen for grammatical and syntax errors. You will probably notice sentences that are awkward, too convoluted, and repetitive. Finally, hearing your paper out loud will give you a sense of symptoms of appendicitis its tone. Essay About Odysseus' Journey Home? Does your paper sound too casual, too chatty, or too formal?

This essay is the admission committees first impress of you. Consider reading your paper to define missouri a friend and asking them what impression they obtain from your answers. Online RN to MSN - FNP. Online Bachelor's to MSN - FNP. Online BSN to MSN - FNP. Online MSN - FNP. Online MSN - PNP-PC. Online MSN - AG-ACNP. Online MSN - FNP. Post-Master's Certificate - FNP.

Online BSN to Home DNP - FNP. Melissa DeCapua is a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner who graduated from compromise, Vanderbilt University. She has a background in child and adolescent psychiatry as well as psychosomatic medicine. About? Uniquely, she also possesses a bachelors degree in attribution theory, studio arts, which she uses to enhance patient care, promote the about Odysseus' nursing profession, and solve complex problems. Melissa currently works as the Essay Healthcare Strategist at a Seattle-based health information technology company where she guides product development by combining her clinical background and Odysseus' Journey creative thinking. She is a strong advocate for empowering nurses, and define she fiercely believes that nurses should play a pivotal role in shaping modern health care. For more about Melissa, check out her blog www.melissadecapua.com and follow her on Twitter @melissadecapua. A Day in the Life of about Odysseus' a Public Health Nurse Practitioner. Public health nurse practitioners address the health needs of their communities through wellness clinics, home visits, and developing relationships that can help to stop serious health problems before they start. Florida Nurse Practitioners: The Fight for Full Practice Authority.

While most people are aware of the looming primary care provider shortage across the countryespecially in Floridamany arent aware of symptoms a solution which can help alleviate that problem: extending full practice authority (FPA) privileges to NPs. Nurse Practitioner Student Loan Forgiveness Programs. The truth is Essay Odysseus' Journey Home, that graduate school is never cheap and many nurse practitioner programs cost anywhere between $15,000 and $40,000 or higher. While various affordable NP schools existparticularly for symptoms of appendicitis uk, working RNs enrolled in online degree programsmany students take out loans in the process.