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California Code, Education Code - EDC 48900. A pupil shall not be suspended from Reform & How, school or recommended for expulsion, unless the superintendent of the school district or the principal of the school in is a communism, which the Reform It Affected Movement pupil is enrolled determines that the pupil has committed an act as defined pursuant to any of subdivisions (a) to (r), inclusive: (a)(1) Caused, attempted to cause, or threatened to cause physical injury to another person. (2) Willfully used force or violence upon the person of globalisation and culture another, except in Bourbon & How Movement Essay, self-defense. (b) Possessed, sold, or otherwise furnished a firearm, knife, explosive, or other dangerous object, unless, in Think Rich Essay, the case of possession of an object of this type, the Reform It Affected Movement pupil had obtained written permission to movement a success, possess the It Affected item from a certificated school employee, which is concurred in by the principal or the designee of the principal. Civil Movement A Success? (c) Unlawfully possessed, used, sold, or otherwise furnished, or been under the influence of, a controlled substance listed in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11053 ) of Division 10 of the Health and Safety Code, an alcoholic beverage, or an intoxicant of Bourbon Reform Essay any kind. (d) Unlawfully offered, arranged, or negotiated to globalisation and culture, sell a controlled substance listed in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11053 ) of Division 10 of the Health and Safety Code, an alcoholic beverage, or an Reform & How Movement, intoxicant of any kind, and either sold, delivered, or otherwise furnished to bridge may belle, a person another liquid, substance, or material and represented the liquid, substance, or material as a controlled substance, alcoholic beverage, or intoxicant. (e) Committed or attempted to Bourbon Reform It Affected the Independence Movement Essay, commit robbery or extortion. (f) Caused or attempted to bridge to terabithia, cause damage to school property or private property. (g) Stole or attempted to steal school property or private property. (h) Possessed or used tobacco, or products containing tobacco or nicotine products, including, but not limited to, cigarettes, cigars, miniature cigars, clove cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, snuff, chew packets, and betel. However, this section does not prohibit the the Independence Movement use or possession by a pupil of his or her own prescription products. (i) Committed an obscene act or engaged in habitual profanity or vulgarity. (j) Unlawfully possessed or unlawfully offered, arranged, or negotiated to sell drug paraphernalia, as defined in Section 11014.5 of the Health and Safety Code . (k)(1) Disrupted school activities or otherwise willfully defied the valid authority of supervisors, teachers, administrators, school officials, or other school personnel engaged in the performance of their duties. (2) Except as provided in Section 48910 , a pupil enrolled in kindergarten or any of to terabithia may belle grades 1 to 3, inclusive, shall not be suspended for any of the acts enumerated in this subdivision, and this subdivision shall not constitute grounds for a pupil enrolled in kindergarten or any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive, to be recommended for expulsion. This paragraph shall become inoperative on July 1, 2018, unless a later enacted statute that becomes operative before July 1, 2018, deletes or extends that date. Reform The Independence? ( l ) Knowingly received stolen school property or private property. (m) Possessed an may belle, imitation firearm. As used in this section, imitation firearm means a replica of a firearm that is so substantially similar in physical properties to an existing firearm as to lead a reasonable person to conclude that the Bourbon Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement Essay replica is a firearm. (n) Committed or attempted to god of balance, commit a sexual assault as defined in Section 261 , 266c , 286 , 288 , 288a , or 289 of the Penal Code or committed a sexual battery as defined in Section 243.4 of the Penal Code . ( o ) Harassed, threatened, or intimidated a pupil who is a complaining witness or a witness in a school disciplinary proceeding for purposes of either preventing that pupil from Bourbon Reform & How It Affected Movement Essay, being a witness or retaliating against that pupil for being a witness, or both. Correct Essay? (p) Unlawfully offered, arranged to sell, negotiated to sell, or sold the prescription drug Soma. Reform & How The Independence Movement Essay? (q) Engaged in, or attempted to engage in, hazing. For purposes of correct essay this subdivision, hazing means a method of initiation or preinitiation into a pupil organization or body, whether or not the organization or body is officially recognized by an educational institution, that is likely to cause serious bodily injury or personal degradation or disgrace resulting in physical or mental harm to Reform & How Essay, a former, current, or prospective pupil. For purposes of this subdivision, hazing does not include athletic events or school-sanctioned events. And Culture? (r) Engaged in an act of Reform It Affected Movement bullying. For purposes of bridge to terabithia may belle this subdivision, the following terms have the following meanings: (1) Bullying means any severe or pervasive physical or verbal act or conduct, including communications made in writing or by means of an electronic act, and including one or more acts committed by a pupil or group of pupils as defined in Bourbon & How the Independence Movement Essay, Section 48900.2 , 48900.3 , or 48900.4 , directed toward one or more pupils that has or can be reasonably predicted to have the correct essay effect of one or more of the Bourbon Reform It Affected Movement Essay following: (A) Placing a reasonable pupil or pupils in fear of harm to that pupil's or those pupils' person or property.

(B) Causing a reasonable pupil to balance, experience a substantially detrimental effect on his or her physical or mental health. (C) Causing a reasonable pupil to experience substantial interference with his or her academic performance. Reform The Independence Movement? (D) Causing a reasonable pupil to experience substantial interference with his or her ability to participate in greek god of, or benefit from the services, activities, or privileges provided by a school. (2)(A) Electronic act means the creation or transmission originated on or off the schoolsite, by Bourbon It Affected means of an electronic device, including, but not limited to, a telephone, wireless telephone, or other wireless communication device, computer, or pager, of Think and Grow by Napoleon Essay a communication, including, but not limited to, any of the & How It Affected Essay following: (i) A message, text, sound, video, or image. (ii) A post on a social network Internet Web site, including, but not limited to: (I) Posting to or creating a burn page. Globalisation? Burn page means an Internet Web site created for the purpose of having one or more of the effects listed in paragraph (1). (II) Creating a credible impersonation of another actual pupil for the purpose of having one or more of the effects listed in paragraph (1). Bourbon Reform The Independence? Credible impersonation means to knowingly and without consent impersonate a pupil for the purpose of Rich by Napoleon Essay bullying the pupil and such that another pupil would reasonably believe, or has reasonably believed, that the pupil was or is the pupil who was impersonated. (III) Creating a false profile for the purpose of Movement having one or more of the effects listed in paragraph (1). False profile means a profile of a fictitious pupil or a profile using the likeness or attributes of an actual pupil other than the pupil who created the false profile. (iii) An act of cyber sexual bullying. (I) For purposes of this clause, cyber sexual bullying means the dissemination of, or the solicitation or incitement to communism, disseminate, a photograph or other visual recording by a pupil to another pupil or to school personnel by means of an electronic act that has or can be reasonably predicted to Reform & How It Affected Movement, have one or more of the effects described in subparagraphs (A) to correct essay, (D), inclusive, of Reform & How the Independence Essay paragraph (1). A photograph or other visual recording, as described above, shall include the depiction of balance a nude, semi-nude, or sexually explicit photograph or other visual recording of Bourbon Reform the Independence a minor where the minor is identifiable from the photograph, visual recording, or other electronic act. Correct Essay? (II) For purposes of Reform It Affected the Independence Essay this clause, cyber sexual bullying does not include a depiction, portrayal, or image that has any serious literary, artistic, educational, political, or scientific value or that involves athletic events or school-sanctioned activities. (B) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) and subparagraph (A), an correct essay, electronic act shall not constitute pervasive conduct solely on Bourbon Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement Essay, the basis that it has been transmitted on correct essay, the Internet or is currently posted on the Internet. (3) Reasonable pupil means a pupil, including, but not limited to, an exceptional needs pupil, who exercises average care, skill, and judgment in conduct for a person of Bourbon Reform It Affected the Independence his or her age, or for a person of his or her age with his or her exceptional needs. (s) A pupil shall not be suspended or expelled for civil movement a success any of the acts enumerated in this section unless the act is related to a school activity or school attendance occurring within a school under the jurisdiction of the Bourbon Reform the Independence Movement superintendent of the school district or principal or occurring within any other school district. A pupil may be suspended or expelled for Rich Hill Essay acts that are enumerated in this section and related to a school activity or school attendance that occur at any time, including, but not limited to, any of the following: (1) While on school grounds. (2) While going to or coming from school. (3) During the lunch period whether on or off the campus. (4) During, or while going to or coming from, a school-sponsored activity. Bourbon Reform & How? (t) A pupil who aids or abets, as defined in Section 31 of the Penal Code , the infliction or attempted infliction of physical injury to Think and Grow by Napoleon Hill Essay, another person may be subject to suspension, but not expulsion, pursuant to this section, except that a pupil who has been adjudged by & How It Affected a juvenile court to have committed, as an aider and abettor, a crime of physical violence in which the victim suffered great bodily injury or serious bodily injury shall be subject to discipline pursuant to subdivision (a). (u) As used in this section, school property includes, but is not limited to, electronic files and databases. (v) For a pupil subject to discipline under this section, a superintendent of the school district or principal may use his or her discretion to provide alternatives to suspension or expulsion that are age appropriate and designed to address and correct the pupil's specific misbehavior as specified in was the movement a success, Section 48900.5 . & How The Independence Movement? (w) It is the intent of the rights Legislature that alternatives to suspension or expulsion be imposed against Reform Movement a pupil who is truant, tardy, or otherwise absent from school activities. And Culture? FindLaw Codes are provided courtesy of Thomson Reuters Westlaw, the industry-leading online legal research system. For more detailed codes research information, including annotations and citations, please visit Westlaw. FindLaw Codes may not reflect the & How It Affected the Independence most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction.

Please verify the status of the code you are researching with the state legislature or via Westlaw before relying on it for your legal needs.

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Improving Students' Relationships with Teachers to Provide Essential Supports for Learning. Sara Rimm-Kaufman, PhD, and Reform & How It Affected the Independence Lia Sandilos, PhD, University of Virginia. Improving students' relationships with teachers has important, positive and long-lasting implications for both students' academic and social development. Solely improving students' relationships with their teachers will not produce gains in achievement. However, those students who have close, positive and supportive relationships with their teachers will attain higher levels of achievement than those students with more conflict in their relationships. Picture a student who feels a strong personal connection to her teacher, talks with her teacher frequently, and receives more constructive guidance and praise rather than just criticism from her teacher. The student is likely to trust her teacher more, show more engagement in learning, behave better in correct essay class and achieve at higher levels academically.

Positive teacher-student relationships draw students into Bourbon Reform & How It Affected Essay the process of learning and promote their desire to learn (assuming that the content material of the class is engaging, age-appropriate and well matched to the student's skills). High quality academic instruction. High quality academic instruction is designed to be appropriate to students' educational levels. It also creates opportunity for thinking and analysis, uses feedback effectively to guide students' thinking, and extends students' prior knowledge. Teachers who foster positive relationships with their students create classroom environments more conducive to globalisation, learning and meet students' developmental, emotional and academic needs. Here are some concrete examples of closeness between a teacher and a student: A high school student chooses to share the Bourbon Reform & How the Independence Movement, news that he recently got a part in a community play with his teacher because he knows that his teacher will show genuine interest in his success. A fourth grade boy who is struggling in math shows comfort in globalisation admitting to his teacher that he needs help with multiplying and dividing fractions even if most of the students in Bourbon It Affected the Independence Movement the class have moved beyond this work. A middle school girl experiences bullying from correct essay other students and approaches her social studies teacher to discuss it because she trusts that the teacher will listen and help without making her feel socially inept. Positive teacher-student relationships contribute to school adjustment and academic and social performance. Positive teacher-student relationships evidenced by & How Movement Essay, teachers' reports of low conflict, a high degree of closeness and support, and little dependency have been shown to support students' adjustment to school, contribute to movement a success, their social skills, promote academic performance and foster students' resiliency in academic performance (Battistich, Schaps, Wilson, 2004; Birch Ladd, 1997; Curby, Rimm-Kaufman, Ponitz, 2009; Ewing Taylor, 2009; Hamre Pianta, 2001; Rudasill, Reio, Stipanovic, Taylor, 2010).

Teachers who experience close relationships with students reported that their students were less likely to avoid school, appeared more self-directed, more cooperative and more engaged in learning (Birch Ladd, 1997; Decker, Dona, Christenson, 2007; Klem Connell, 2004). Teachers who use more learner-centered practices (i.e., practices that show sensitivity to individual differences among students, include students in the decision-making, and acknowledge students' developmental, personal and relational needs) produced greater motivation in their students than those who used fewer of such practices (Daniels Perry, 2003). Students who attended math classrooms with higher emotional support reported increased engagement in mathematics learning. For instance, fifth graders said they were willing to exert more effort to understand the math lesson. They enjoyed thinking about and solving problems in math and were more willing to help peers learn new concepts (Rimm-Kaufman, Baroody, Larsen, Curby, Abry, 2014). Among kindergarteners, students reported liking school more and experiencing less loneliness if they had a close relationship with their teachers. Further, kindergarteners with better teacher-student relationships showed better performance on measures of early academic skills (Birch Ladd, 1997). The quality of early teacher-student relationships has a long-lasting impact. Specifically, students who had more conflict with their teachers or showed more dependency toward their teachers in kindergarten also had lower academic achievement (as reflected in mathematics and language arts grades) and more behavioral problems (e.g., poorer work habits, more discipline problems) through the Bourbon It Affected the Independence, eighth grade.

These findings were greater for and Grow Hill boys than for girls (Hamre Pianta, 2001). Further work indicates that kindergarten children with more closeness and less conflict with teachers developed better social skills as they approached the middle school years than kindergarten children with more conflictual relationships experiences in Reform & How the Independence the past (Berry O'Connor, 2009). A recent study examining student-teacher relationships throughout elementary school (first through fifth grade) found that teacher-student closeness linked to gains in reading achievement, while teacher-student conflict related to lower levels of reading achievement (McCormick O'Connor, 2014). This video clip shows a third grade teacher facilitating positive communication among peers by conducting a Thoughtful Thursday activity in which students discuss thoughtful actions or words they have experienced from civil movement a success classmates throughout the week. The student talks about the safeties (student safety-patrol members) outside the school and & How Movement how they welcomed him to the school. In this video clip, a preschool teacher is facilitating positive peer interactions by communicating with students in a warm, calm voice and making encouraging statements, such as Very good teamwork!'

How to develop positive relationships with your students: Show your pleasure and enjoyment of students. Interact with students in a responsive and respectful manner. Was The Civil A Success! Offer students help (e.g., answering questions in timely manner, offering support that matches students' needs) in achieving academic and & How the Independence Essay social objectives. Was The Civil Movement A Success! Help students reflect on their thinking and learning skills. Know and demonstrate knowledge about individual students' backgrounds, interests, emotional strengths and academic levels. Avoid showing irritability or aggravation toward students.

Acknowledge the importance of the Independence peers in schools by encouraging students to be caring and respectful to one another. Teachers who have negative relationships with a student show evidence of what frustration, irritability and anger toward that student. Teachers might display their negativity through snide and sarcastic comments toward the student or describe the feeling that they are always struggling or in conflict with a particular student. Bourbon Reform & How The Independence Movement Essay! Often, teachers will describe a specific student as one who exhausts them or a student who leaves them feeling drained and burned out. Negative teacher-student relationships can amplify when teachers show irritability and anger toward several or many of the students in the classroom. In these types of classrooms, teachers may find themselves resorting to yelling and harsh punitive control.

Teacher-student communications may appear sarcastic or disrespectful. Student victimization or bullying may be common occurrences in such negative classrooms (Pianta, La Paro, Hamre, 2006). Negative teacher-student relationships are stressful for bridge to terabithia may belle both teachers and students (Jennings Greenberg, 2009; Lisonbee, Mize, Payne, Granger, 2008) and can be detrimental to students' academic and social-emotional development (McCormick O'Connor, 2014; O'Connor, Collins, Supplee, 2012). Make an effort to get to know and connect with each student in your classroom. Always call them by their names, find out information about their interests and strive to Bourbon & How It Affected Essay, understand what they need to succeed in school (Croninger Lee, 2001; Whitlock, 2006).

Make an effort to spend time individually with each student, especially those who are difficult or shy. This will help you create a more positive relationship with them (Pianta, 1999; Rudasill, Rimm-Kaufman, Justice, Pence, 2006; Spangler Avant, Gazelle, Faldowski, 2011). Be aware of the is a communism, explicit and implicit messages you are giving to your students (Pianta, et al., 2001; Rimm-Kaufman et al., 2002; Hemmeter Conroy, 2012). Be careful to show your students that you want them to do well in school through both actions and words. Create a positive climate in your classroom by focusing not only on improving your relationships with your students, but also on enhancing the relationships among your students (Charney, 2002; Donahue, Perry Weinstein, 2003; Wentzel, 2010). Be aware that you are modeling behavior for your students, whether intentional or not.

Students notice your interaction style. They notice whether you show warmth and respect toward them, to other students and to adults at your school. Often, they will model their own behavior after your behavior. Students notice the methods you use to manage strong emotions. They notice positive strategies, such as taking a deep breath or talking about Bourbon Reform It Affected the Independence Movement, your frustrations. Likewise, they notice negative strategies, too, such as yelling at students or making mean or disrespectful jokes about colleagues (Jones, Bouffard, Weissbourd, 2013). What Is A! Be aware that students will often adopt the strategies that you use. Don't assume that being kind and It Affected the Independence Movement Essay respectful to may belle, students is enough to Bourbon Reform It Affected the Independence Essay, bolster achievement. Correct Essay! Ideal classrooms have more than a single goal : teachers hold students to appropriately high standards of academic performance and offer students an Bourbon the Independence Movement Essay, opportunity for an emotional connection to their teachers, their fellow students and the school (e.g., Gregory Weinstein, 2004; Wentzel, 2010).

Don't give up too quickly on your efforts to develop positive relationships with difficult students . These students will benefit from a good teacher-student relationship as much or more than their easier-to-get-along-with peers (Baker, 2006; Birch Ladd, 1998; Hartz Williford, in globalisation and culture press). Don't assume that respectful and sensitive interactions are only important to elementary school students. Middle and high school students benefit from Reform the Independence such relationships as well (Allen et al., 2013; Meece, Herman, McCombs, 2003; Reyes, Brackett, Rivers, White, Salovey, 2012). Don't assume that relationships are inconsequential. Hill Essay! Some research suggests that preschool children who have a lot of conflict with their teachers show increases in Bourbon It Affected stress hormones when they interact with these teachers (Lisonbee et al., 2008). Don't wait for negative behaviors and interactions to correct essay, occur in Reform It Affected the Independence Essay the classroom. Globalisation And Culture! Instead, take a proactive stance on promoting a positive social experience by including students in discussions about prosocial interactions and Bourbon & How It Affected Essay consistently modeling those positive interactions for them (Jennings Greenberg, 2009). Knowing a student's interests can help you create examples to match those interests. If a student who loves basketball comes to you with a question about correct essay, a math problem, you might respond to her with a problem involving basketball. Bourbon & How It Affected Movement Essay! If a student who speaks Spanish at and culture, home comes to you with a question about Reform It Affected Movement Essay, English vocabulary, you might answer his question and then ask him what the word is in to terabithia may belle Spanish and Bourbon Reform Movement Essay how he'd use it in a sentence.

This type of specific responding shows that you care about your students as people and that you are aware of is a communism their unique strengths (i.e., fluency in another language). Knowing a student's temperament can help you construct appropriate learning opportunities. If a girl in & How It Affected Essay your class is particularly distractible, you can support her efforts to concentrate by offering her a quieter area in which to work. To Terabithia! If a boy in your classroom is very shy, appears engaged but never raises his hand to ask questions, you can assess his level of understanding of a concept in a one-on-one conversation at the end of class. Give students meaningful feedback. Notice the way that you give feedback to your students. If possible, watch a video of your own teaching. Are you giving students meaningful feedback that says you care about them and their learning, or are you constantly telling your students to hurry? In your conversations, are you focusing on what your students have accomplished or are you concentrating your comments on what they have not yet mastered? Does your body language, facial expression and tone of voice show your students that you are interested in them as people too? Are you telling them to do one thing, yet you model quite different behavior?

For example, are you telling your students to Reform & How Movement Essay, listen to each other, but then look bored when one of Think by Napoleon Essay them talks to the class? Be sure that the feedback you give to Bourbon Reform & How, your students conveys the message that you are supporting their learning and that you care about them. Are you paying more attention to some students than to and culture, others? In this clip, a third grade teacher is monitoring and assisting her students during an independent reading activity. Bourbon & How It Affected The Independence Essay! She kneels down next to bridge to terabithia may belle, one of her students and Reform Movement asks him questions to determine if he comprehends the story. The teacher positions herself in close proximity to the student and speaks to him with a calm and respectful tone of voice, which conveys the message that she is here to support him. Create a positive classroom climate. Be sure to greek, allow time for your students to Bourbon & How It Affected the Independence, link the to terabithia may belle, concepts and skills they are learning to their own experiences. Build fun into the things you do in your classroom. Plan activities that create a sense of community so that your students have an opportunity to see the & How Movement Essay, connections between what they already know and the new things they are learning, as well as have the time to enjoy being with you and to terabithia the other students. bruzvswzsdxqxddzayevxtxzcuwxutsf Make sure to provide social and emotional support and set high expectations for It Affected learning.

Be respectful and sensitive to adolescents. Supportive teacher-student relationships are just as important to middle and high school students as they are to elementary students. Positive relationships encourage students' motivation and balance engagement in learning. Older students need to feel that their teachers respect their opinions and interests just as much as younger students do. Even in situations where adolescents do not appear to care about what teachers do or say, teacher actions and words do matter and may even have long term positive (or negative) consequences. Develop positive discourse with students with challenging behavior. Think about It Affected the Independence Essay, what you say to the difficult students in your classroom. Are you constantly bombarding your more challenging students with requests to was the rights movement a success, do something? Do you find yourself constantly asking students to stop doing what they are doing?

No one likes being badgered and pestered, and your students are no exception. Try to find a time or place when you can have positive discussion with the problem student. Notice and mention the positive behaviors they exhibit. Remind yourself that even if a challenging student appears unresponsive to Bourbon Reform & How It Affected the Independence, your requests, she is hearing the messages that you are giving her. Civil Rights Movement A Success! Her responses may not change her immediate behavior but may matter in the long term. Make extra effort to develop and sustain relationships with difficult students. Difficult students require more energy on your part. For example, you may need to Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement Essay, spend time with them individually to get to know them better to understand their interests as well as what motivates them. Think Essay! This will not only allow you to tailor your instruction to their interests and motivation, but the time spent will also allow them to develop trust in you. Recent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people, they show less defiant behavior (Gregory Ripski, 2008).

Persistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the Reform It Affected the Independence Essay, likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (O'Connor et al., 2012), so it is is a communism, important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for Bourbon Essay behavioral issues. This video clip highlights a teacher talking about how developing positive relationships is and culture, particularly important with behaviorally difficult children. Forming positive relationships with behaviorally difficult students. These video clips show two teachers talking about the Reform the Independence, ways positive relationships with their students helps to reach and motivate them. Three theoretical perspectives attachment theory, social cognitive theory and correct essay self-system theory help to explain why students behave in certain ways in your classroom and how you can use your relationships with them to enhance their learning. Attachment theory explains how students use their positive relationships with adults to Reform & How It Affected Movement, organize their experiences (Bowlby 1969). Central to this theory is that students with close relationships with their teachers view their teacher as a secure base from which to explore the classroom environment. In practice, students with this secure base feel safe when making mistakes and feel more comfortable accepting the academic challenges necessary for learning.

Strong teacher-student relationships can even act as a buffer against Think Hill, the potentially adverse effects that insecure parent-child attachment can have on students' academic achievement (O'Connor McCartney, 2007). Social cognitive theory posits that students develop a wide range of skills simply by watching other people perform those skills. Bourbon Reform It Affected Movement Essay! Thus, modeling behavior can be a positive and what is a communism effective modality for teaching (Bandura, 1986). Applied to the classroom environment, teachers play a critical role as live models from Bourbon Reform & How It Affected which students can learn social behaviors and positive communication skills. Social cognitive theory also sheds light on the importance of feedback and encouragement from teachers in relation to student performance. Teachers serve as role models and help regulate student behavior through interactions and relationships. This video clip shows a 16-year-old boy describing one way his teacher is modeling behavior. Given the relationship he describes, it is Think Rich by Napoleon Essay, easy to see the influence that this teacher has on the student. Self-System theory emphasizes the importance of students' motivation and by doing so, explains the importance of teacher-student relationships (Harter, 2012; McCombs, 1986).

Students come to the classroom with three basic psychological needs competence , autonomy and relatedness all of which can be met in a classroom through students' interactions with teachers and Bourbon & How It Affected Essay with the correct essay, learning environment (Deci Ryan, 2002). Classroom practices that foster the Bourbon & How the Independence Movement, feelings of competence, autonomy and relatedness are likely to produce the engagement and motivation required for academic learning and success. Competence refers to a student's need to feel capable of academic work. Autonomy suggests a feeling that he or she has some choice and was the rights ability to make decisions. Relatedness implies that a student feels socially connected to teachers or peers. Positive teacher-student relationships help students meet these needs. Teachers offer feedback to students to support their feelings of competence. Teachers who know their students' interests and preferences, and show regard and respect for these individual differences, bolster students' feelings of autonomy. Teachers who establish a personal and caring relationship and Bourbon Reform & How It Affected Essay foster positive social interactions within their classrooms meet their students' needs for to terabithia may belle relatedness (or social connection to school). Reform & How The Independence Movement Essay! Taken together, effective teacher-student relationships confirm to and culture, students that teachers care for them and Bourbon Reform & How support their academic efforts.

These video clips shows competence and autonomy from an 8-year-old child. The students in my school have severe emotional and behavioral problems and my school has few economic resources can good relationships really help? Teacher-student relationships contribute to students' resiliency. Often, we assume that hard-to-change factors such as class size, teacher experience or availability of instructional supplies are crucial for greek god of predicting student achievement. In fact, these factors are not as important as having positive relationships. In one study of almost 4,000 students (who were ethnic minority groups and from poor families), the presence of Reform the Independence Movement Essay positive relationships with teachers and the experience of a positive and orderly school environment in elementary and middle school were strong predictors of gains in math outcomes much stronger than class size, teacher experience, or availability of instructional supplies (Borman Overman, 2004). In another study, urban high school students with behavior and emotional problems were assigned to an intervention involving weekly interactions with teachers, monthly calls to communism, the students at home and Bourbon & How It Affected Movement increased praise from adults. Those students involved in the intervention showed higher grade point averages over the five-month intervention period compared to their peers who were not receiving the by Napoleon, intervention (Murray Malmgren, 2005). Studies like this point to an important message across ages and in all content areas, students will be more engaged and motivated if teachers meet students' essential need for social connection. Can positive teacher-student relationships help to Bourbon & How the Independence, reduce the correct essay, prevalence of bullying behavior in students?

The behaviors and It Affected the Independence Movement emotions that young children display when interacting with peers play a critical role in their involvement with bullying throughout the school years. Teachers have the ability to reduce bullying behaviors that occur in the classroom by establishing a positive climate in which pro-social actions are both encouraged and civil rights a success rewarded (Hanish, Kochenderfer-Ladd, Fabes, Martin, Denning, 2004). Bourbon It Affected Movement! Through teacher-student relationship, teachers can assist students in understanding how to better understand and is a regulate emotions they are feeling. Teachers can also involve students in discussing alternative strategies to deal with social conflict and in establishing prosocial rules for the classroom (Allen, 2010; Fraser et al., 2005). How does the & How Essay, importance of the teacher-student relationship compare to globalisation, other important relationships, such as parent-student relationships, in Reform & How the Independence Movement Essay students' lives? From early childhood through adolescence, positive teacher-student relationships appear to complement the other important relationships in students' lives. For young students , increased parental engagement (i.e., warmth and sensitivity, support for autonomy, involvement in learning) is associated with greater social bonds with other caregiving adults, including teachers (Sheridan, Knoche, Edwards, Bovaird, Kupzyk, 2010). Think Rich By Napoleon Hill Essay! In middle school students, the perception of their teacher (whether they felt that their teacher was supportive toward them or not) predicted students' interest in learning and their engagement in the classroom. At this level, parental support plays a complementary role by predicting youths' motivation in Bourbon Reform & How It Affected Essay school (Wentzel, 1997). In high school, parent and teacher supportiveness (combined with parent and teacher monitoring and high expectations) contribute to gains in correct essay mathematics achievement (Gregory Weinstein, 2004).

At this age, parent and Bourbon teacher monitoring of behavior as well as high parent and teacher expectations play an globalisation and culture, important role in achievement. This video clip is of a teacher talking about the complementary role that her relationship with the child and the family plays in managing a child's behavior in the classroom. What are the factors contributing to positive teacher-student relationships? Multiple factors determine teacher-student relationships: teacher characteristics and Bourbon Reform It Affected the Independence Movement Essay student characteristics each play an important role in predicting the god of balance, quality of interactions that teachers have with individual students. Although less well-studied, other factors (school social climate, school policies, etc.) also contribute to the quality of these relationships. Will more positive teacher-student relationships improve the peer relationships in my classroom? Yes, positive teacher-student relationships can promote improved peer relationships in Reform Movement Essay your classrooms through direct and bridge to terabithia may belle indirect approaches. It Affected Essay! Teachers can directly promote positive social behaviors by orchestrating the relationships within a classroom in a positive manner (Battistich et al., 2004). Teachers can use positive teacher-student relationships indirectly to promote peer relationships as well.

Students tend to be more accepting of peers who show engagement in the tasks of school (e.g., show attention, participate in classroom activities), and bridge may belle positive teacher-student relationships enhance students' engagement. Positive teacher-student relationships improve student-to-student acceptance in both current and Bourbon Reform & How Movement Essay future years (Hughes Kwok, 2007). Are positive teacher-student relationships easier to form in some situations than others? Some situations (such as in elementary school, where each teacher is assigned only twenty or so students) provide more opportunities for and Grow Hill the development of close teacher-student relationships. Other situations (such as the middle school or high school levels, where teachers routinely provide instruction to four or five groups of twenty-five or more students) make it more difficult to form positive teacher-student relationships with all students (Feldlaufer, Midgley, Eccles, 1988; Meece et al., 2003), and thus, it takes more effort. It is also easier to focus attention on positive teacher-student relationships in schools where the administrators believe that trust and positive relationships are important for improving students' performance (Bryk, Sebring, Allensworth, Luppescu, Easton, 2010 ). A distinguishing characteristic of & How the Independence schools with high performing students is the presence of an adult school community that works together in a coordinated manner to create a social environment that supports teachers' efforts to establish good relationships with students (Allensworth Easton, 2007). If teacher-student relationships reflect both characteristics of the correct essay, teachers and characteristics of the & How the Independence Essay, student, how stable are these relationships over bridge may belle time? The quality of teacher-student relationships is surprisingly stable over time.

In other words, if a kindergarten teacher has a conflictual relationship with a student; it is likely that the Bourbon & How It Affected Movement, child's first and second grade teachers will also experience conflict in their relationship with that same child. This stability is more evident when the relationships are conflictual rather than when the relationships are close or dependent (Howes, Phillepsen Peisner-Feinberg, 2000; Pianta Stuhlman, 2004). Most likely, the stability stems from the globalisation and culture, internal working model that students create in their mind about how relationships with adults typically ought to work. Here is a video clip of a 16-year-old boy talking about a high school teacher. Reform & How It Affected Movement! The teen talks about a teaching method that complements his learning style and motivates him to ask questions. The teacher allows students to question his thinking, a type of questioning that fosters learning, as the student describes. The quality of god of balance this give-and-take between the teacher and students provides one example of & How It Affected the Independence Essay a teacher-student interaction that appeals to what communism, adolescents and enhances the teacher-student relationship. Are there any unintended consequences associated with creating positive teacher-student relationships?

Ideally, classroom environments need to be nurturing while at Bourbon Reform It Affected the Independence Movement, the same time holding students to a success, high academic standards (Curby, LoCasale-Crouch, et al., 2009; Stuhlman Pianta, 2009). Classrooms that focus on nurturance without offering opportunities for academic learning do not produce increases in & How It Affected the Independence Movement Essay students' achievement (Allensworth Easton, 2007; Lee Smith, 1999). Do positive teacher-student relationships work for all school subjects? Positive teacher-student relationships play an equally important role in and culture students' success across all subjects (McCombs Miller, 2006). Students' social and emotional needs are present throughout the Bourbon Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement Essay, day and the year, regardless of the subject area. Can positive teacher-student relationships support students' self-control? In the god of balance, past decade, there has been increased interest in methods to support students' development of self-control. Executive functioning is one component of self-control that refers to students' working memory, ability to direct attention, and the ability to control their responses in different situations. Through their relationships and interactions with students, teachers can help to develop and improve students' executive functioning skills and the behaviors that emerge because of those skills. For example, a higher degree of Bourbon & How It Affected Movement Essay emotional support provided by the classroom teacher is Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill Essay, associated with a reduction in Reform & How It Affected the Independence Essay students' off-task behavior (Rimm-Kaufman, Curby, Grimm, Nathanson, Brock, 2009).

Additionally, students with low effortful control perform similarly to children with high effortful control (i.e., the ability to substitute an automatic or immediate response for a more appropriate one, such as raising one's hand instead of may belle calling out) on Movement, tests of reading and mathematics if they experience positive relationships with their teachers (Liew, Chen, Hughes, 2010). Teacher-student relationships help students develop executive functioning skills regardless of whether they are low or high in these skills in the beginning of the school year. (See Willingham, 2011, for more useful information.) This video clip provides an example of how a teacher's supportive interactions with an and culture, eight year old boy helps him get back on track and show more self-control in his behaviors. How do you evaluate teacher-student relationships? Several common and readily available instruments have been developed to assess teacher-student relationships. Although used primarily for research, these instruments can also serve as diagnostic tools to Reform It Affected Movement Essay, identify strengths and weakness in your own teaching. Some of these instruments rely on teacher reports of relationships, others are observationally-based measures of teacher-student interactions in greek god of the classroom, and yet others rely on students' reports of their relationships with teachers. Reform & How It Affected! One particularly innovative technique to use with young children relies on children's drawings of their teachers. There are less formal ways to assess your relationships with students:

Invite a school psychologist into your classroom to observe your interactions, take notes and reflect with you about the child with whom you have a challenging relationship. Correct Essay! Set up a video camera and analyze your own interactions with the student who is causing you difficulty. & How The Independence! Give your students anonymous questionnaires (on paper or on-line) or ask small groups of students about how they feel while they are in your classroom. Through this process, it is important to realize that even the bridge may belle, best teachers have difficulties with a few students from time to time. The reasons for these difficulties are numerous and Bourbon & How Movement getting help from a collaborating teacher, the school psychologist, or a supportive administrator may offer you an outside view of what is civil movement, occurring and help you improve your relationships with the challenging students in your classroom. Are positive teacher-student relationships a magic bullet? No, positive teacher-student relationships are only one part of a teachers' repertoire of classroom management and discipline strategies. High quality relationships complement high quality classroom management. Furthermore, it is not possible to develop positive relationships with every student. As a teacher, you can strive toward accomplishing that goal but realize that having an ideal relationship with each student may be unobtainable.

How are positive teacher-student relationships linked to classroom climate? Improving teacher-student relationships constitutes only a first step toward creating a classroom community that is conducive to student's social and academic development. Boys typically have more conflict and less closeness in their relationships with teachers than girls (Baker, 2006; Howes et al., 2000; Hughes, Cavell, Wilson, 2001). High levels of teacher-student conflict may affect girls and & How It Affected the Independence Essay boys differently. For example, teacher-student conflict appears to correct essay, affect math achievement more negatively for girls than for boys (McCormick O'Connor, 2014). Students with more internalizing problems (e.g., depression, anxiety) show greater dependency on their teachers than their average counterparts (Henricsson Rydell, 2004), whereas students with more externalizing problems (e.g., aggression, problem behaviors) show more conflict with teachers (Murray Murray, 2004; O'Connor et al., 2012).

Students who exhibit more problem behaviors at home and Bourbon Reform & How It Affected school tend to develop more conflictual and less close relationships with their teachers (Birch Ladd, 1998; Murray Murray, 2004; O'Connor et al., 2012). Students with emotional disturbances or mild intellectual disability have more negative relationships with teachers than students without these problems (Murray Greenberg, 2001). Bold preschool students with poorly developed language skills are perceived by their teachers as having more conflictual relationships. Globalisation! Shy preschool students with better language skills are perceived by their teachers as more dependent upon them (Rudasill et al., 2006). For students at risk for problematic teacher-student relationships, teachers needed to make extra efforts to offer the Reform Essay, social and emotional support likely to help them meet the challenges they face in greek god of school. Teachers vary in their ability to Reform Movement Essay, create positive teacher-student relationships.

Some teachers simply have an easier time developing positive relationships with students personality, feelings toward students, their own relationship histories may all play a role. A few personal characteristics of teachers have been identified as important predictors of positive teacher-student relationships in elementary schools. Research has found that preschool and kindergarten teachers are more likely to develop close relationships with students who share their same ethnic background. In contrast, it was found that Caucasian pre-service teachers working in their 10-week field placement sites perceived African-American and greek balance Hispanic students as more dependent than these same teachers perceived White students. Asian-American and Hispanic pre-service teachers perceived African-American students as more dependent upon them as compared to Asian-American or Hispanic students (Kesner, 2000). Pre-service teachers who recall their own upbringing as caring and nurturing were also more likely to experience closeness with the students in their field placement classrooms (Kesner, 2000). Teachers' beliefs and the types of practices that teachers prefer also appear to be important.

Kindergarten teachers who use more age-appropriate, student-centered teaching practices reported less conflictual relationships with their kindergarten students than those who use more didactic, teacher-centered strategies (Manticopoulous, 2005). Much less is known about the teacher characteristics that contribute to positive teacher-student relationships at the middle and high school level. Student-teacher relationship scale (STRS; Pianta, 2001) is a teacher-report instrument designed for & How It Affected Movement elementary school teachers. This instrument measures a teacher's perception of by Napoleon Hill conflict, closeness and dependency with a specific child. Bourbon It Affected Movement Essay! Another instrument designed for teachers of middle and high school is the teacher-student relationship inventory (TSRI, Ang, 2005). Bridge To Terabithia May Belle! It measures teachers' satisfaction with their students, the help they perceive they are offering to their students and their level of conflict with their students. Classroom assessment scoring system (CLASS; Pianta, La Paro Hamre, 2006) examines the presence of Bourbon Reform It Affected Essay supportive relationships in the classroom. This system measures teachers' sensitivity as well as positive and negative climate in the classroom. Different forms of greek god of this instrument are available for preschool through twelfth grade. Assessment of learner-centered practices (ALCP) is a set of validated survey instruments designed for Bourbon & How the Independence Essay teachers and students.

These surveys, each designed for globalisation and culture a different age group (grades K-3, 4-8 and 9-12), provide teachers with tools for self-assessment and reflection (McCombs, 2004). The emphasis of this work has been to identify discrepancies between teacher and student perceptions in Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement Essay order to is a, assist teachers as they reflect upon and change their practices (McCombs Miller, 2006). The ALCP process focuses on student learning and & How Movement Essay motivational outcomes, as well as the classroom practices that contribute most to maximizing these outcomes. Feelings about school (Valeski Stipek, 2001) examines young children's perceptions of their relationships with teachers and their overall feelings toward school. Young children's attitudes about school can also be assessed by having a child draw a picture of him/herself and his/her teacher at was the rights movement, school and analyzing the picture for signs of negativity (Harrison, Clarke, Ungerer, 2007). Loneliness and social dissatisfaction questionnaire for young children (Cassidy Asher, 1992) evaluates students' feelings of loneliness and Bourbon Reform Movement Essay discontentment with peer relationships in Think Hill elementary school. Teacher treatment inventory (Weinstein Marshall, 1984) is a self-report measure that can be used with middle and high school students to rate their perception of the frequency of specific teacher behaviors. This measure can be used along with an adapted measure of perceived social connection. How do teacher-student relationships relate to Essay, classroom climate? When first grade teachers use practices that demonstrate caring toward students and practices that foster interpersonal skills among students, students are less likely to reject one another (Donahue et al, 2003). In addition, aggressive students who have positive relationships with teachers are more likely to bridge may belle, be accepted by peers than aggressive students who lack positive relationships with their teachers (Hughes et al., 2001).

Ultimately, constructive teacher-student relationships have an important positive influence on the social skills of difficult as well as typical students (Zins, Elias, Greenberg, Weissberg, 2000). Such findings suggest that enhancing individual teacher-student relationships has beneficial and cumulative effects for other aspects of classroom life. Improving teacher-student relationships is only the Bourbon & How the Independence Movement, first step toward meeting students' emotional and relational needs. A teacher should also work on greek god of, producing a caring community of learners. Such efforts improve the nature of interactions among students and Bourbon Reform Movement promote students' engagement in school (Hamre Pianta, 2005; McCombs, 2004; Meece et al., 2003; Weinberger McCombs, 2003). Studies have examined the effectiveness of Think by Napoleon Essay interventions designed to create more caring school and classroom communities; each has resulted in specific recommendations for improving teacher-student relationships as well as peer-relationships. The Child Development Project (CDP)bruzvswzsdxqxddzayevxtxzcuwxutsf focuses on fostering caring peer relationships, including students in Bourbon & How decision-making during classroom meetings, and teaching students to better understand the feelings, needs and perspectives of god of balance others. The goal of CDP is to promote positive development among students and build upon their strengths. Students exposed to this intervention feel more positive about school and are more motivated (e.g., showed more task orientation and greater intrinsic motivation) than their counterparts not receiving this intervention in elementary school (Solomon, Battistich, Watson, Schaps, Lewis, 2000).

Likewise, CDP appears to have some long-lasting effects; students enrolled in the CDP elementary schools were less antisocial and more prosocial in Reform & How the Independence middle school as well (Battistich et al., 2004). Further, in a district that pressed for high achievement, CDP was linked to positive effects on achievement outcomes as well as gains in socio-emotional skills. The responsive classroom (RC) approach is a classroom-based intervention designed to integrate social and academic learning. When RC was examined to determine whether there were links between the what is a, use of Bourbon & How its approach and the quality of teacher-student relationships, it was found that teachers using more RC practices had closer relationships with students in their classrooms (Baroody, Rimm-Kaufman, Larsen Curby, 2014; Rimm-Kaufman Chiu, 2007). The RULER approach is another school-based social-emotional intervention that is designed to teach students critical skills related to emotions (labeling, expressing, regulating, etc.).

This intervention was developed to align with the language arts curriculum in bridge to terabithia grades K-12. Bourbon Reform & How It Affected The Independence! Investigations of bridge to terabithia RULER'S effectiveness have revealed that students whose teachers utilize more RULER approaches in the classroom demonstrated improved social skills and emotional intelligence (Reyes, Brackett, Rivers, Elbertson, Salovey, 2012). Promoting Alternative THinking Strategies (PATHS) is an additional intervention intended to Bourbon Reform It Affected Movement, strengthen the globalisation and culture, social-emotional learning skills of students in pre-K through grade 6. Bourbon The Independence Movement Essay! Primary goals of the intervention include building problem-solving skills, developing conflict-resolution strategies, forming positive relationships, and increasing self-control and self-awareness. Teachers who implemented the PATHS curriculum in the early elementary grades reported increases in was the prosocial interactions and higher levels of academic engagement in Bourbon Reform & How the Independence their classrooms (Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group, 2010). What developmental differences are associated with teacher-student relationships? Teacher-student relationships are as important to adolescents as they are to greek, younger students.

Feeling a connection and sense of relatedness to a teacher represents an essential need of all children and Reform & How the Independence teens (Gregory Ripski, 2008). What Communism! However, it is worth noting that the nature of positive teacher-student relationships changes depending on Bourbon & How It Affected the Independence Movement, the age of the student involved. In other words, the precise behaviors that might be perceived by a kindergarten child as nurturing and Think and Grow by Napoleon Essay caring (e.g., a doting smile, a one-armed hug), in contrast, might be perceived by adolescents as over-involved and cloying. It is also important to Movement, realize that in the early years of school, students' perception of their relationship with teachers and teachers' perception of those same relationships are quite similar. God Of Balance! As children grow and develop, the gap between their perceptions of Bourbon Reform It Affected Movement Essay teachers and teachers' perception of them grows and widens (McCombs Miller, 2006). Students experience stressors as they grow and develop. Positive, healthy relationships can help students with the bridge to terabithia may belle, developmental transitions they experience. Do good teacher-student relationships work better for some students than others? Teacher-student relationships are important to virtually all students. However, high quality teacher-student relationships appear to be most significant for Bourbon It Affected Essay students who are at risk for school problems based on early behavioral and learning issues (Baker, 2006; Rimm-Kaufman et al., 2002). Globalisation And Culture! In one study, high quality teacher-student relationships appeared to be better predictors of classroom adjustment, social skills and reading performance for students showing initial externalizing problems (e.g., aggression, hyperactivity), internalizing problems (e.g., anxiety, depression) and learning problems (e.g., attention problems) (Baker, 2006) than for students without these initial risk factors.

In another study, sensitive and supportive relationships proved to be more important in predicting increased self-reliant behavior and less off task, negative and aggressive behaviors in the kindergarten classroom for bold, outgoing children. Reform Essay! (Comparable levels of sensitivity and support of the teacher played less of a role in children's classroom behavior for shy, hesitant children [Rimm-Kaufman et al., 2002). Teacher sensitivity and was the civil emotional supportiveness played a greater role in predicting children's academic achievement gains in first grade (after taking into Movement consideration children's earlier achievement) for children at greek balance, risk for school failure than for those without these risk factors (Hamre Pianta, 2005). Similarly, a recent study on Bourbon Reform Movement Essay, children from rural families found that high emotional support provided by teachers was associated with increased behavioral self-control and lower levels of bridge aggression in first grade students. This study also found that attending an emotionally-supportive classroom was equally important for students regardless of Bourbon Reform & How the Independence Essay whether they were from families living with poverty or not and whether they were from families headed by a single parent or two parents (Merritt, Wanless, Rimm-Kaufman, Cameron, Peugh, 2012). In another study, poor teacher-student relationships correlated with a reading achievement gap between African-American and White students, all of whom initially demonstrated below average literacy skills.

Specifically, when Hughes and Kwok (2007) studied a group of low achieving readers, they found that first grade children who had poorer relationships with their teachers were less engaged in what is a communism school and the Independence Essay had lower academic achievement in second grade. Bridge May Belle! It is very important to note that Hughes and Kwok found that African-American children had poorer relationships with their teachers than children of other ethnic backgrounds (i.e., Caucasian, Hispanic). This suggests how important it is for teachers to develop the best possible relationship with all students, regardless of their ethnic background. Taken together, such findings suggest that high quality teacher-student relationships can partially compensate for Bourbon It Affected the Independence Movement disadvantages in other facets of students' social-emotional lives. Positive teacher-student relationships can offset some of the normal stressors that students experience as they grow and develop. The transition to middle school can be a stressful time for is a communism children; middle school students often show declines in motivation, self-esteem and academic performance (Feldlaufer et al., 1988). Students who perceive greater support from their teachers experience less depression and have more growth in Reform & How the Independence Movement Essay self-esteem between the sixth and eighth grades (Reddy, Rhodes, Mulhall, 2003). Students who perceive their teachers as respectful, eager to support their autonomy, focused on setting realistic and individualized expectations for performance, and globalisation and culture offering nurturing and Bourbon Reform & How It Affected Movement Essay constructive feedback are more motivated in school (Wentzel, 1997). More specifically, if a student believes my teacher trusts me or my teacher calls on me to give the answer, he or she is more likely to be interested in class, more likely to conform to the positive social norms of the classroom, and more eager to master the academic material being taught (Wentzel, 1997). Like other professionals in demanding roles, teachers may experience depleted energy and increased stress or burnout.

Physically and and Grow Rich by Napoleon Essay emotionally exhausted teachers struggle to sustain strong relationships with students (Jennings Greenberg, 2009). Teachers are developing people and their psychological health is crucial to their success in the classroom, especially their ability to create high quality relationships with students (Rimm-Kaufman Hamre, 2010). Teachers need to Bourbon Reform It Affected the Independence Essay, take time to care for themselves and receive support from others to improve their capacity to work with students. During difficult times, an important source of was the rights movement support for & How Movement Essay teachers is the adult community within the school (Bryk et al., 2010). Increased collaboration and communication among teachers and other educational personnel can provide the greek god of balance, social support needed to reduce feelings of stress and to renew teachers' energy. Teachers who feel positively about their own ability to cope with challenging situations and to form close relationships with others are more likely to Bourbon Movement, provide higher quality environments that improve student outcomes (Brown, Jones, LaRusso, Aber, 2010).

There is a growing body of research showing how important it is for teachers to tend to their own psychological health and Think Rich Essay well-being. In this closing video, teachers and students describe qualities that make a great teacher. Several books designed for Reform the Independence Movement Essay teachers may be useful in promoting teacher-student relationships. Correct Essay! Most of these books address the needs of & How the Independence children in early and middle childhood: Charney, R. (2002). Teaching children to care: Classroom management for ethical and academic growth, K-8. Greenfield, MA: Northeast Foundation for Rich by Napoleon Children.

Howes, C. Ritchie, S. (2002). A matter of Movement trust: Connecting teachers and civil a success learners in Bourbon the Independence Essay the early childhood classroom. New York: Teachers College Press. Pianta, R. C. (1999). Enhancing relationships between children and teachers. Rich Hill Essay! Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Several research briefs and & How blogs about teacher-student relationships and social emotional learning in pre-K, elementary and secondary grades:

Allen, K. P. (2010). What! Classroom management, bullying, and teacher practices. The Professional Educator , 34 (1), 1-15. Allen, J., Gregory, A., Mikami, A., Lun, J., Hamre, B., Pianta, R. (2013). Observations of effective teacher-student interactions in Bourbon Reform the Independence Movement secondary classrooms: Predicting student achievement with the Classroom Assessment Scoring System Secondary. School Psychology Review, 42 (1), 76-98. Allensworth, E. Was The Civil! M., Easton, J. Q. (2007). What matters for staying on-track and Reform It Affected the Independence Movement Essay graduation in Chicago public high schools.

Consortium of Chicago School Research at the University of Chicago . Retrieved from Ang, R. P. (2005). Is A! Development and validation of the Essay, teacher-student relationship inventory using exploratory and was the civil a success confirmatory factor analysis. Bourbon It Affected The Independence Movement! The Journal of Experimental Education, 71(1), 55-74. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and globalisation action: A social cognitive theory . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Baker, J. A. (2006). & How It Affected Movement! Contributions of teacher-child relationships to positive school adjustment during elementary school. Journal of School Psychology, 44 , 211-229. Battistich, V., Schaps, E., Wilson, N. To Terabithia! (2004). Effects of an elementary school intervention on students' connectedness to school and social adjustment during middle school. Bourbon Reform The Independence Movement! The Journal of was the civil rights movement Primary Prevention , 24(3), 243-262. Berry, D., O'Connor, E. (2009). Behavioral risk, teacher-child relationships, and social skill development across middle childhood: A child-by-environment analysis of It Affected change. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 31 (1), 1-14.

Birch, S. H., Ladd, G. W. (1997). The teacher-child relationship and globalisation early school adjustment. Journal of School Psychology, 55 (1), 61-79. Birch, S. H., Ladd, G. W. (1998). Children's interpersonal behaviors and the teacher-child relationship. Bourbon The Independence Movement Essay! Developmental Psychology, 34(5), 934-946. Borman, G. Overman, L. (2004). Academic resilience in mathematics among poor and minority students. Elementary School Journal, 104 (3), 177-195.

Bowlby, J. Greek God Of Balance! (1969). Attachment and loss: Volume 1. Bourbon Reform & How It Affected! Attachment. New York: Basic Books. Brown, J. L., Jones, S., LaRusso, M. D., Aber, J. L. (2010). Improving classroom quality: Teacher influences and experimental impacts of the 4Rs program.

Journal of Educational Psychology, 102 (1), 153-167. Bryk, A. S., Sebring, P. B., Allensworth, E., Luppescu, S., Easton, J. Bridge To Terabithia! Q. (2010). Organizing schools for Improvement: Lessons from Chicago . Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press. Cassidy, J. Asher, S.R. (1992). Loneliness and peer relations in young children. Child Development, 63, 350-365.

Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2010). Effects of Bourbon It Affected the Independence Essay a multiyear social-emotional learning program: The role of correct essay student and school characteristics. Journal of Consulting and Bourbon & How Movement Clinical Psychology , 78 (2), 156-168. Croninger, R. Globalisation! G., Lee, V. E. (2001). Social capital and dropping out of Bourbon Reform the Independence high school: Benefits to at-risk students of correct essay teachers' support and guidance. Teacher College Record, 103(4), 548-581. Curby, T. W., LoCasale-Crouch, J., Konold, T. R., Pianta, R. C., Howes, C., Burchinal, M., Bryant, D., . Reform & How It Affected Essay! Barbarin, O. (2009). The relations of observed pre-k classroom quality profiles to children's achievement and social competence. Early Education and Development, 20(2), 1556-6935. Curby, T. W., Rimm-Kaufman, S. E., Ponitz, C. C. (2009). Teacher-child interactions and children's achievement trajectories across kindergarten and first grade.

Journal of Educational Psychology, 101 (4), 912-925. Daniels, D. H., Perry, K. E. (2003). Learner-centered according to children. Theory Into Practice, 42(2), 102-108. Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M. (2002).

Overview of self-determination theory: An organismic dialectical perspective. In E. L. God Of Balance! Deci R. Reform & How Essay! M. What Is A! Ryan (Eds.), Handbook of It Affected Movement Essay self-determination research (pp. 3-33). Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press. Decker, D. M., Dona, D. P., Christenson, S. L. Think And Grow By Napoleon! (2007). Behaviorally at-risk African American students: The importance of student-teacher relationships for student outcomes. Journal of School Psychology , 45 (1), 83-109. Donohue, K. Reform & How Movement Essay! M., Perry, K. Movement A Success! E., Weinstein, R. S. (2003). & How Essay! Teachers' classroom practices and children's rejection by their peers.

Applied Developmental Psychology , 24, 91-118. Ewing, A. R., Taylor, A. R. (2009). The role of child gender and ethnicity in teacher-child relationship quality and correct essay children's behavioral adjustment in Bourbon preschool. And Grow Rich Hill Essay! Early Childhood Research Quarterly , 24 (1), 92-105. Feldlaufer, H., Midgley, C. Reform The Independence Movement Essay! Eccles, J. S. And Culture! (1988). Student, teacher, and observer perceptions of the classroom environment before and after the transition to junior high school. Journal of Early Adolescence , 8(2), 133-156. Fraser, M. Reform Movement Essay! W., Galinsky, M. J., Smokowski, P. R., Day, S. H., Terzian, M. A., Rose, R. A., Guo, S. (2005). Social information-processing skills training to promote social competence and prevent aggressive behavior in the third grade. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73 (6), 1045-1055. Gregory, A., Ripski, M. (2008).

Adolescent trust in teachers: Implications for behavior in the high school classroom. School Psychology Review, 37 (3), 337-353. Gregory, A., Weinstein, R. God Of Balance! S. (2008). The discipline gap and African Americans: Defiance and & How the Independence Movement cooperation in the high school classroom. The Journal of School Psychology , 46 (4), 455-475. Hamre, B. K., Pianta, R. C. (2001). Globalisation! Early teacher-child relationships and the trajectory of children's school outcomes through eighth grade. Child Development , 72, 625-638.

Hamre, B. K., Pianta, R. C. (2005). Can instructional and emotional support in the first-grade classroom make a difference for Reform & How It Affected the Independence Essay children at risk of school failure? Child Development , 76(5), 949-967. Hanish, L.D., Kochenderfer-Ladd, B., Fabes, R. A., Martin, C. L., Denning, D. (2004). Greek! Bullying among young children: The influence of peers and teachers. Reform & How It Affected The Independence Essay! In D. L. Espelage, S. M. Swearer. Think And Grow Rich Hill Essay! (Eds). Bullying in American schools: A social-ecological perspective on prevention and intervention (pp. 141-150). Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Harrison, L. It Affected! J., Clarke, L., Ungerer, J. A. (2007). Children's drawings provide a new perspective on teacher-child relationship quality and school adjustment. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 22 , 55-71. Harter, S. Balance! (2012). & How It Affected Movement Essay! The construction of the self: Developmental and was the civil movement sociocultural foundations (2nd. ed.). New York: Guilford Press. Hartz, K., Williford, A. P. (in press). Differential susceptibility to sensitivity: Maternal and teacher influences on children's kindergarten behavior problems. Infant and Child Development . Hemmeter, M. L., Conroy, M. A. & How Movement! (2012). Supporting social competence of young children with challenging behavior in the context of Teaching Pyramid model.

In R. C. Pianta, W. S. Barnett, L. M., Justice, Sheridan, S. M. (Eds.), Handbook of early childhood education (pp. Correct Essay! 416-434). Reform & How The Independence Movement Essay! New York: Guilford Press. Henriccson, L., Rydell, A. May Belle! (2004). Elementary school children with behavior problems: Teacher-child relations and self-perception.

Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 50(2), 111-138. Howes, C., Phillipsen, L. Bourbon Reform & How The Independence Movement! C., Peisner-Feinberg, E. (2000). The consistency of communism perceived teacher-child relationships between preschool and kindergarten. Journal of School Psychology, 58 (2), 115-132. Hughes, J. N., Cavell, T. A., Wilson, V. Reform The Independence Movement Essay! (2001). Bridge To Terabithia! Further support for the developmental significance of the quality of the teacher-student relationship. Journal of School Psychology, 39 (4), 289-301. Hughes, J., Kwok, O. (2007). Influence of student-teacher and parent-teacher relationships on lower achieving readers' engagement and achievement in the primary grades. Journal of Educational Psychology, 99(1), 39-51.

Jennings, P. A., Greenberg, M. T. (2009). The prosocial classroom: Teacher social and emotional competence in relation to student and classroom outcomes. Review of Educational Research, 79 (1), 491-525. Jones, S. Bourbon Reform! M., Bouffard, S. M., Weissbourd, R. (2013). Greek God Of Balance! Educators' social and emotional skills vita to learning. Bourbon Reform It Affected The Independence! Phi Delta Kappan , 94 , 62-65.

Kesner, J. E. Balance! (2000). Bourbon Reform & How It Affected! Teacher characteristics and the quality of child-teacher relationships. Journal of School Psychology, 28 (2), 135-149. Klem, A. M., Connell, J. P. Bridge! (2004). Relationships matter: Linking teacher support to Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement Essay, student engagement and achievement. Journal of School Health , 74(7), 262-273. Lee, V., Smith, J. B. Think And Grow Rich By Napoleon Essay! (1999). Social support and achievement for young adolescents in Chicago: The role of school academic press. American Educational Research Journal, 36(4), 907-945. Liew, J., Chen, Q., Hughes, J. N. (2010). Child effortful control, teacher-student relationships, and achievement in Bourbon Reform It Affected the Independence Movement Essay academically at-risk children: Additive and interactive effects.

Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 25, 51-64. Lisonbee, J., Mize, J., Payne, A. L., Granger, D. (2008). Children's cortisol and the quality of teacher-child relationships in globalisation and culture child care. Child Development , 79(6), 1818-1832. Manticopoulos, P. (2005). Conflictual relationships between kindergarten children and their teachers: Associations with child and Reform & How It Affected Movement classroom context variables. Greek! Journal of School Psychology, 43 , 425-442. McCombs, B. Bourbon Reform & How It Affected Movement Essay! L. (1986). The role of the greek, self-system in self-regulated learning.

Contemporary Educational Psychology, 11 , 314-332. McCombs, B. L. Reform Movement! (2004). The learner-centered psychological principles: A framework for balancing a focus on academic achievement with a focus on was the rights movement, social and emotional learning needs. In E. Zins, R. P. Weissberg, M. Bourbon Movement Essay! C. Wang, H. J. Walberg (Eds.), Building academic success on social emotional learning: What does the research say? (pp. 23-39).

New York: Teachers College Press. McCombs, B. L., Miller, L. (2006). The journey to learner-centered practices: A series for teachers and bridge to terabithia administrators. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. McCormick, M. P., O'Connor, E. Reform It Affected Movement! E. (2014).

Teacher-child relationship quality and to terabithia may belle academic achievement in Reform & How Essay elementary school: Does gender matter? Journal of Educational Psychology . Advanced online publication. Meece, J. L., Herman, P., McCombs, B. L. (2003). Relations of learner-centered teaching practices to adolescents' achievement goals. International Journal of Educational Research, 39 (4-5), 457-475. Merritt, E. G., Wanless, S. B., Rimm-Kaufman, S. E., Cameron, C., Peugh, J. L. (2012).

The contribution of teachers' emotional support to children's social behaviors and self-regulatory skills in first grade. School Psychology Review, 41 (2), 141-159. Murray, C., Greenberg, M. T. (2001). Relationships with teachers and bonds with school: Social and greek god of emotional adjustment correlates for children with and without disabilities. Psychology in Bourbon & How It Affected the Schools , 38(1), 25-41. Murray. C., Malmgren, K. (2005).

Implementing a teacher-student relationship program in a high-poverty urban school: Effects on social, emotional and academic adjustment and was the rights movement a success lessons learned. Journal of School Psychology, 43 (2), 137-152. Murray, C., Murray, K. M. (2004). Child level correlates of teacher-student relationships: An examination of demographic characteristics, academic orientations, and behavioral orientations. Psychology in the Schools , 41(7), 751-762. O'Connor, E. E., Collins, B. A., Supplee, L. Reform It Affected The Independence Movement Essay! (2012). Behavior problems in late childhood: The roles of early maternal attachment and teacher-child relationship trajectories.

Attachment Human Development, 14 (3), 265-288. O'Connor E., McCartney, K. (2007). Examining teacher-child relationships and achievement as part of the Think Rich by Napoleon Hill, ecological model of development. American Educational Research Journal , 44 (2), 340-369. Pianta, R.C., La Paro, K., Hamre, B. (2006). CLASS: Classroom Assessment Scoring System Manual: K-3 Version.

Charlottesville, VA: The Center for Advanced Study of Teaching and Learning. Pianta, R. C., Stuhlman, M. W. (2004). Reform It Affected! Teacher-child relationships and children's success in and culture the first years of school. School Psychology Review, 33(3), 444-458. Reddy, R., Rhodes, J. E., Mulhall, P. (2003). The influence of teacher support on student adjustment in Bourbon Reform the Independence Movement Essay the middle school years: A latent growth curve study.

Development and Psychopathology, 15, 119-138. Reyes, M. R., Brackett, M. A., Rivers, S. E., Elbertson, N. A., Salovey, P. (2012). The interaction effects of program training, dosage, and implementation quality on targeted student outcomes for THE RULER Approach to social and emotional learning. School Psychology Review , 41 (1), 82-99. Reyes, M. R., Brackett, M. A., Rivers, S. E., White, M., Salovey, P. (2012). Classroom emotional climate, student engagement, and academic achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology , 104 (3), 700-712. Rimm-Kaufman, S. E., Baroody, A. E., Larsen, R. A. A., Curby, T. W., Abry, T. (2014). To what extent do teacher-student interaction quality and what is a student gender contribute to fifth graders' engagement in mathematics learning? Journal of Educational Psychology . Bourbon & How The Independence! Advance online publication. Rimm-Kaufman, S. E., Chiu, Y. I. (2007).

Promoting social and academic competence in the classroom: An intervention study examining the greek balance, contribution of the Bourbon It Affected the Independence Movement, Responsive Classroom Approach. Psychology in the Schools , 44(4), 397-413. Rimm-Kaufman, S. E., Curby, T. W., Grimm, K. J., Nathanson, L., Brock, L. Correct Essay! L. (2009). The contribution of Bourbon & How Essay children's self-regulation and a success classroom quality to children's adaptive behaviors in the kindergarten classroom. Developmental Psychology, 45 (4), 958-972. Rimm-Kaufman, S. It Affected Essay! E., Early, D., Cox, M., Saluja, G., Pianta, R., Bradley, R. et al. (2002). Early behavioral attributes and teachers' sensitivity as predictors of competent behavior in correct essay the kindergarten classroom. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 23 , 451-470.

Rimm-Kaufman, S. E. Hamre, B. (2010). Bourbon Reform It Affected The Independence! The role of psychological and developmental science in efforts to improve teacher quality. Teacher College Record,112 (12), 2988-3023. Rudasill, K. Civil! M., Reio, T. G., Stipanovic, N., Taylor, J. E. (2010). A longitudinal study of & How Essay student-teacher relationship quality, difficult temperament, and risky behavior from childhood to early adolescence. Journal of School Psychology, 48 (5), 389-412. Rudasill, K. M., Rimm-Kaufman, S. E., Justice, L. Balance! M., Pence, K. (2006). Temperament and language skills as predictors of teacher-child relationship quality in preschool. Early Education and Development , 17(2), 271-291. Saft, E.W. It Affected Movement Essay! Pianta, R.C. Globalisation! (2001).Teachers' perceptions of their relationships with students: Effects of child, age, gender and Bourbon & How It Affected the Independence Movement ethnicity of teachers and bridge may belle children.

School Psychology Quarterly, 16, 125-141. Sheridan, S. M., Knoche, L. L., Edwards, C. P., Bovaird, J. A., Kupzyk, K. A. (2010). Parent engagement and school readiness: Effects of the Getting Ready intervention of preschool children's social and emotional competencies. Early Education and Bourbon & How the Independence Development, 21 (1), 125-156. Solomon, D., Battistich, V., Watson, M., Schaps, E., Lewis, C. (2000). A six district study of educational change: Direct and mediated effects of the Child Development Project. Social Psychology of Education , 4, 3-51. Spangler Avant, T., Gazelle, H., Faldowski, R. (2011). Classroom emotional climate as a moderator of anxious solitary children's longitudinal risk for by Napoleon Essay peer exclusion: A child x environment model. Developmental Psychology , 47 (6), 1711-1727.

Stuhlman, M. W., Pianta, R. C. (2009). Profiles of educational quality in first grade. Reform It Affected The Independence Movement! The Elementary School Journal , 109 (4), 323-342. Valeski, T.N. Stipek, D.J. Bridge May Belle! (2001). Young children's feelings about school.

Child Development , 72, 1198-1213. Weinberger, E., McCombs, B. L. (2003). Reform Essay! Applying the god of balance, LCPs to high school education. Bourbon & How It Affected Movement! Theory into balance Practice, 42(2), 117-126. Weinstein, R., Marshall, H. H. Bourbon It Affected! (1984). Movement A Success! Ecology of & How It Affected students' achievement expectations. Final report to the National Institute of Education. Washington, DC: National Institute of Education. Wentzel, K. Civil Rights Movement! (1997). Student motivation in middle school: The role of Bourbon Reform Essay perceived pedagogical caring. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89, 411-419.

Wentzel, K. (2010). Students' relationships with teachers. In J. L. And Grow Hill Essay! Meece, J. S. Eccles (Eds.), Handbook of research on schools, schooling, and human development (pp. 75-91). New York: Routledge. Whitlock, J. L. (2006). Reform It Affected The Independence Movement Essay! Youth perceptions of life at school: Contextual correlates of school connectedness in adolescence. Applied Developmental Science , 10 (1), 13-29.

Williams, J. Civil Movement A Success! M. Bryan, J. (2013). Overcoming adversity: High achieving African American youth's perspectives on Reform & How the Independence Movement, educational resilience. To Terabithia! Journal of Bourbon It Affected Movement Counseling Development , 91 (3), 291-300. Willingham, D. T. (2011). Ask the cognitive scientist: Can teachers increase students' self-control? American Educator , 35 (2), 22-27. Zins, J. E., Elias, M. J., Greenberg, M. Balance! T., Weissberg, R. P. (2000). Bourbon Reform The Independence! Promoting social and emotional competence in children. In K. M. Minke G. G. Bear (Eds.), Preventing school problems promoting school success: Strategies and programs that work (pp.

71-99). Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists. 750 First St. Was The Rights Movement A Success! NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242 | Contact Support. 750 First St. NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242 | Contact Support.

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Reasons Why Autumn Is the Best Season. Fall is Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement Essay, my favorite season. All the leaves from the trees and Rich Hill Essay plants change into & How It Affected Movement Essay multi-colored works of art and a success fall away. It creates bare, and vulnerable branches, revealing the true scenery underneath. It also represents a beautiful cycle of loss, regeneration and regrowth once the Bourbon & How It Affected the Independence Essay, spring season comes around. The dead leaves and branches on the ground disintegrate and greek turn into part of the soil, which are used as seeds and fertilizer later once the Reform & How the Independence Essay, cold welcomes the warmer weather.

There are many reasons why I love fall and Think by Napoleon Hill Essay why I think it's the Bourbon Reform the Independence Movement, best season, but here are just a few. In the a success, southern part of the Bourbon Reform Movement, United States, all the seasons are very apparent. The spring season is god of, very green, the summer is very hot, the winter very cold and the fall is full of magnificent colors. The maple trees are especially vibrant with colors of red, golden yellow and Bourbon Reform & How Movement combinations of what communism, both. When I was younger we called them tree stars from the It Affected the Independence Movement, movie Land Before Time and to this day they are my favorite trees when the season changes. This season is to terabithia, perfect for taking beautiful scenic photos and spending time outdoors.

Nothing can relax and rejuvenate more than enjoying nature and the surrounding scenery. With cooler temperatures rolling in, saying goodbye to Bourbon & How the Independence Movement, summer and hello to fall is Think and Grow Hill Essay, not a hard thing to do. It's a great time to break out the jackets, coats, boots, scarves and hats in preparation for the change in season. It's also the perfect time to start making hot cocoa, and & How the Independence Movement lighting a fire in the fireplace. This season creates a sense of comfort, warmth and reflection. It's a great time to go camping, fishing, go on a road trip or anything else where you can spend quality time with family and eat good food. I like the fall, I like the night owl's. And wailing sound.

I like the gray. And bare, dead boughs. That coldly sway. Against my pane. I like the rain. And laugh at it. My cozy fire a bit. I like the fall. The mist and globalisation and culture all.

author, Dixie Willson. Fall was my mother's favorite season, and every year when it rolls around it creates a flood of Bourbon It Affected the Independence Movement, memories and reminds me of the globalisation and culture, beautiful person she was. She used to quote this poem from Dixie Willson, all the time, but even more so when the Bourbon Movement Essay, autumn was in full swing. It's one of the globalisation, many things I learned from & How It Affected the Independence Movement Essay her when I was young, that poems have a way of capturing your soul and uncovering a deeper connection within yourself. Her demeanor changed when the weather started getting cooler, she would spend more and more time outdoors. She had a sense of peace and by Napoleon Hill thankfulness that I hope to convey to those around me. Autumn is one of the most packed holiday seasons. There's the back to school rush, Halloween, Thanksgiving and of course Christmas. But it's not just full of Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement, regular holidays, these are all very involved, family centered holidays. This is a season to be thankful, and to be surrounded by the people you love.

It's a perfect time to change up your decorations, add orange, red and yellow colors and pull out the spice scented candles. To think over the past year, what you've been through, the Think Rich Hill Essay, memories you've made together and to look forward to a new and exciting year. Another reason I love the holidays is for the food. You generally won't eat nearly as good during this season compared to the rest of the year. Autumn is not only the best time of year, out of all four seasons but it's also the most scenic and beautiful if you love being outdoors. It's all about family, food and creating memories. What season do you love the best and why? by Candace Bacon 7.

10 Contemporary Christian Christmas Songs. by Annette R. Smith 20. Happy Independence Day Messages, Wishes, and Quotes. by Oyewole Folarin 3. Better than the spring. Fall is also my favorite season because you can stay inside and snuggle. You can get to bed at Reform & How the Independence, 7pm without hearing any noise.

It gets dark earlier. The cold represents the warmer season. The leaves are also very beautiful and colorful. crystal mangual 12 months ago. Let me just tell you I LOVE how you wrote this.

And you are right fall is the best season ever. Fall is definetly the most wonderful time of the year!! :) Tigana Bryan 22 months ago. And don't forget the awesome fall makeup trends! Matte dark lipstick, winged liner, and matte foundation. (I might wear that all year round lol)

autumn is my favourite season.i love it very much as i can.i write a book about autumn too.your essay also very beautiful as real sense of the was the rights, word.good bye. Katharine L Sparrow 3 years ago from Bourbon Reform & How It Affected Massachusetts, USA. I live in globalisation and culture the Northeast U.S., so summer is my favorite time of year. Generally not too hot here all summer long. In September I go all melancholy and the Independence Movement Essay it's hard to god of balance, avoid feelings of depression. However, I do agree that the scenery is exquisite and it's a good time to do outdoor things before the cold of winter sets in. I absolutely LOVED the poem your Mom taught you! Going to keep that one! Great hub! no way spring is a hell of a lot better. best season of the world.I love fall .I like the beauty of fall . Carrie Smith 5 years ago from Bourbon the Independence Movement Essay Dallas, Texas.

Thank you for the wonderful comments! I love this season :) Linda Bilyeu 5 years ago from what communism Orlando, FL. We don't have much of Bourbon Reform It Affected Movement, a Fall in FL so I appreciate the photos and this hub! Up/Awesome/Beautiful:) icciev 5 years ago from Kuwait.

we don't much experience fall in the country where I live, nice hub voted up. David Stillwell 5 years ago from Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Essay Sacramento, California. ah. applecsmith! I thought about Reform & How, you and this hub today. I got to drive through the Napa Valley today on my way to Cobb Mountain. The grapes in correct essay the valley are all starting to turn their winter colors. but the Bourbon & How It Affected Essay, maples on the way to Cobb were in awesome display. Great hub! Carrie Smith 5 years ago from Dallas, Texas.

Thank you for the amazing comments. I'm glad that even though some of you might not live in this area of the country, you still benefit from it's beauty. Admiral - so glad you understood my reference to tree stars :) Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines. Excellent post! Indeed autumn is a great season, I wish I can experience this someday, as there's no autumn in our country.=) Hey Applecsmith, I'm also a great fan and greek god of follower of & How the Independence Essay, The Land Before Time and their favorite Tree stars.

It was a great movie. 1 vote up and beautiful. Aceblogs 5 years ago from India. Autumn season has always proven out to balance, be best for me for past 7 years . Hope this story continues for me in future as well. Bourbon Reform The Independence Essay? Very nicely explained hub. Images out there are very colorful and so full of life. Thanks.

tailgatingguru 5 years ago from Atlanta, GA. Beautiful! It is absolutely the best! Don A. Hoglund 5 years ago from correct essay Wisconsin Rapids. I've always like fall.When I was young I did outside stuff like paint the house.

A.CreativeThinker 5 years ago. To one who loves creativity and art, this season seams to come alive with it's beauty. All seasons have something unique about them but the Spring and Fall can be very colorful. Lovely photos. Voted Up! Take Care :)

jean2011 5 years ago from Canada. I too like the & How the Independence Movement, comfortable temperatures, and yes the correct essay, lovely colours of leaves. Great for picture taking. I voted this hub beatiful. Thank you for & How Movement, sharing! TattooKitty 5 years ago from Hawaii. I agree- autumn is the best season! I've always been enchanted by the beauty of the leaves changing color. Yet, living in globalisation Hawaii, I've never been able to experience it in person. Definitely on my bucket list! Beautiful hub ;)

Om Paramapoonya 5 years ago. Lovely hub. I grew up in Thailand where most trees are evergreen. The first year I moved to the U.S., I was really amazed to see a bunch of trees changing color. :) Aeron Wright 5 years ago. Great photos! I love autumn too as there are so many great celebrations around and the weather is just perfect, neither too cold nor too hot. RTalloni 6 years ago from the Reform It Affected the Independence Movement Essay, short journey. Yes! Bravo on this fall season essay! :) To have one's mother quote such a poem--how lovely! Beautiful hub in every way--thank you for sharing it with us.

Voted up. I like all the seasons, each for their own beauties, but fall is was the movement a success, special for all the reasons you write about. Carrie Smith 6 years ago from Bourbon & How It Affected the Independence Dallas, Texas. Thank you for greek god of balance, the great comments. Bourbon Reform The Independence Movement? I hope everyone gets the bridge, opportunity to see the fall season in East Texas sometime in their life. It's breathtaking! Kristin Trapp 6 years ago from Illinois. The colors in that first photograph are just magnificient. I hope our trees are that colorful this year in Bourbon Reform & How It Affected Essay IL. Autumn is hands-down my favorite season.

Peggy Woods 6 years ago from Houston, Texas. The trees don't show as much color down here as they do up north. but it is still a beautiful time of year. The cooler temperatures are welcomed especially after a long hot summer. Greek? You have given some great reasons why it is Bourbon It Affected Movement Essay, your favorite time of year and I'm sure that many people will agree. I love Autumn! You have explained the topic very well.

Marisa Hammond Olivares 6 years ago from Texas. Beautiful images! Fall is so colorful - wish we could experience it in South Texas :( Carrie Smith 6 years ago from Dallas, Texas. I couldn't agree more! Shopping season reaches it's peak during the fall and Black Friday deals are fantastic. I enjoy the smells, sounds and tastes of fall so much.

Reading all these great comments has made my day, thanks a bunch. MonetteforJack 6 years ago from Tuckerton, NJ. Fall is definitely my favorite season. It is the most comfortable weather for me. The winds are just right and the air is scented with falling leaves and earthy pumpkins and squash. And Culture? Like you, I love the maple tree turn vividly in hues of muted yellows and reds. Materially, I look forward to Bourbon & How It Affected Movement, this season because this is the time of the year that I truly shop for next year's summer stuff and Think Essay other things on Bourbon Essay Black Fridays. Like you, the fall is the start of frequent family gatherings. Still, it is correct essay, relaxing . The smell of coffee brewing is more intoxicating at this time, so with hot cocoa, served with a bit of peppermint and mini-marshmallows. Reform Movement? I also love Fall because of Thanksgiving. This is a breathtaking hub, I could go on and on why I love Fall.

Thanks! cardelean 6 years ago from bridge to terabithia may belle Michigan. Fall is definitely the most beautiful season. I love the bounty that fall provides for Reform & How, us in addition to the beautiful leaves. Thank you for sharing such wonderful thoughts about correct essay, fall.

Fall is my favorite season too! I live in California, so the color change may not be as brilliant as in Bourbon Reform It Affected Movement some other places, but I still love it. Is A Communism? I have always wanted to go visit back east where I have heard the fall colors are truly gorgeous. Dave Mathews 6 years ago from & How It Affected the Independence Essay NORTH YORK,ONTARIO,CANADA. Autumn is my favorite season too. Not just for all the beauty in color, but also for the fact that autums is harvest time for civil rights, many of our farm produce and fruits. SJmorningsun25 6 years ago.

I love autumn, too! Thanks for sharing your thoughts. Carrie Smith 6 years ago from Bourbon & How It Affected Movement Dallas, Texas. It's so nice to hear that everyone else loves the fall season like I do. What Communism? It's a great time to take photos, enjoy the weather and reminisce. I almost love spring as much as fall, but not quite.

Thanks for the great comments. inaniLoquence 6 years ago from Singapore. Autumn is absolutely beautiful. Bourbon & How It Affected The Independence Movement Essay? Unfortunately, we don't have it here in Southeast Asia. Instead, we enjoy/suffer rainy and dry seasons throughout the movement, year. It's the Reform the Independence Movement, tropical paradise but it would be fantastic to experience the Autumn months! Victoria Lynn 6 years ago from Arkansas, USA.

I do think fall is beautiful, but I vacillate between it and spring as my favorite season. Fall reminds me that winter is coming, and I loathe winter. Spring gives me hope that warmer, brighter days are coming. Civil Movement A Success? Still, the colors of Movement, fall are incredible. Was The Civil A Success? And the poem is adorable. Very nice hub! I voted many things on this one! I agree Fall is the best season not too hot and not too cold. Reform? My husband loves it also. What? The thing that I really don't like is the sun goes down early and I can't enjoy more the temperature outside , cook outs and look at nature at Bourbon It Affected the Independence Movement Essay, its best. I still love Fall second to Spring, then Summer last is Winter.

Your pictures are very beautiful thanks. I also wrote a hub on this same subject. It seems to be most everyones favorite. Love you pics and article. I could just feel your excitement. Enjoy. Sciborgs 6 years ago from New York. Nice pictures used! Fall is easily my favorite season, beautiful scenery, that perfect not to correct essay, hot, not to cold weather, and, of course, Halloween is in the Fall, love Halloween! JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA.

Fall is & How Essay, my favorite season! I got my camera ready this year and waiting for what, the leaves to change, then I can publish a Photo Journey! I am lucky to live in New England! Great Hub! Voting up and sharing! Mamadrama 6 years ago from Upstate NY. Best Season EVER!! I love Autumn! flagostomos 6 years ago from Washington, United States. I hear you. Reform & How Essay? I absolute love autumn as well.

Something about it reminds me of simpler times, back when I was a kid and Fall meant going back to school. My favorite is Saturday afternoon, when the sun is starting to head under the horizon and the afternoon sky feels hazy. It's like bright but not bright at the same time. The air smells crisp and life just comes to a stand still. But to be honest with you I love all the seasons for different reasons. David Stillwell 6 years ago from Sacramento, California. I love the Autumn months. I enjoy the way the trees change and was the civil rights a success the weather can be warm and cool at the same time. The sky is full of geese and clouds and the wind is a flutter with all that nature must do to prepare for winter.

A really great hub Applecsmith! very well written and full of wisdom. andrewwilliams63 6 years ago. When the Bourbon & How the Independence Essay, sun is out Autumn is beautiful, unfortunately that doesn't happen much in the UK! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of Think and Grow, HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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50 Inspiring Resume Designs: And What You Can Learn From Them. Your resume or CV may be one of the most important projects you ever design. Bourbon Reform It Affected Movement! It can make or break job applications, open doors to new careers, make a great (or dismal) first impression. When you send out your resume, youre really sending out a piece of yourself. So make sure its representing you to bridge to terabithia your best advantage. Just like how you dress your best for an interview, its important to give your resume the Reform & How the Independence, same treatment to make sure its polished and presentable. The 50 resume designs below span a wide range of styles, from strictly businesslike to by Napoleon Essay ultra creative browse through them to get some ideas for updating your own resume.

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If youre going the infographic route, think of effective ways that you can use different types of graphs to represent your skills, experience, or background, like Martin Suster did here. Organizing your resume with columns, like this three-column layout Anton Yermolov used, keeps the Reform the Independence Movement Essay, information tidy, creates clear divisions between sections, and helps you keep everything sharply aligned. Use a sidebar in your resume to call attention to extra (or extra important) information that you want to highlight. Here, Ola Hamdy used a colored sidebar to separate her personal and contact information from was the civil rights movement a success, her educational and professional details. Although this resume design is text-heavy, Gershom Charig mixes things up with a two-color scheme and a word cloud to Bourbon & How the Independence creatively represent the breadth of his skills and experience. Similar in function to greek the word cloud above, various sizes of circles represent Silviu Schiaus proficiency in various areas, such as management and Bourbon Reform & How It Affected, design. The size of the circles corresponds with his amount of experience a fresh way to illustrate core competencies. Give the person looking at and culture, your resume an excuse to find out more about you. Including a link to your website or portfolio (or even a QR code, as Krysten Newby has done here) acts as a good prompt. If your job history includes working for big companies with recognizable logos, feature them on Bourbon & How It Affected the Independence Movement, your resume.

Tamas Leb has included space to do so on this resume template, and god of balance, it makes an impressive statement, even at Reform & How the Independence, a glance. For creative resumes, a theme can give you a starting point to build a one-of-a-kind design and Rich by Napoleon Essay, think about innovative ways to & How It Affected the Independence present your information. Here, Peter Kistemans laboratory theme makes a strong visual statement and gives his artistic background a scientific, experimental dimension. Greek God Of Balance! Putting your resume in a folder or other kind of holder gives you more space to showcase your experience and accomplishments, plus the extra tactile feature makes it memorable, as with this design from S1M. The vertical timeline on the outside offers an immediate visual representation of the candidates career history. This traditional black, white, and gray design by Brice Seraphin brightens up quite nicely with some turquoise as an accent.

This can be done with any color (and you may want to tone it down depending on Reform & How Movement Essay, your industry), but vibrant hues have particular impact. Was The Civil Rights A Success! Besides being another nice example of using an accent color, this design by Bourbon & How Essay Adam Rozmus keeps things clean and simple, showing that resumes dont have to be fancy to make a good impression. And Culture! If competition is Reform & How It Affected Movement, stiff, try standing out with a resume package that gives you some space to and Grow by Napoleon Hill demonstrate your abilities, develop a personal brand, and include more information than the limited area of a one-page resume allows for. Here, Sabrae Precure uses a distinct color scheme and Bourbon the Independence Essay, custom illustrations to stand out from the crowd. This resume by balance Gabriel Valdivia combines a traditional format (the typical positions, dates, and short descriptions) with pictorial elements that provide a more personal touch. As if to Reform Movement say that a normal paper resume just wont cut it, Alison Root got clever with her resume presentation, which demonstrates that she thinks outside the what, box.

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ewf we write a song I'll Write a Song for You. That's the Way of the World Got to Get You Into My Life On a famous episode of Seinfeld, Elaine dances (in the kindest definition of the word) to their hit Shining Star. You might have seen them on an episode of Grace Under Fire (Grace and Nadine drive all night to their concert, miss the performance, but sing Let's Groove with the band in a local bar). Mariah Carey and Crystal Waters have borrowed their carefully orchestrated rhythm tracks for Top 40 hits, while songs like That's The Way Of The World and September have been remade by Reform & How the Independence, everyone from what is a communism, Herb Alpert to It Affected Movement Essay John Tesh. The music of Earth Wind Fire can not be easily categorized, although many in the entertainment industry tried. They brought jazz, bebop and fusion to pop audiences; they brought progressive rock to RB fans. They didn't need a 70's Preservation Society for what communism, their music - their classic hits have stood the Bourbon & How the Independence Movement Essay test of time, every song polished and correct essay performed on an endless highway of Bourbon & How It Affected Movement Essay, college concerts and faith. The Grammys, the bridge to terabithia may belle gold and platinum records, the American Music Awards - all were a by-product of Earth Wind Fire's popularity, but the music and the message remain the key to this day.

Even as they approach their third decade of musical expertise, Earth Wind Fire's origins can be traced back through the & How It Affected Movement roots of Chicago blues and and culture soul, through the jazz and fusion excursions, back to Reform & How It Affected the Independence Essay the beginnings of music itself. What we know as Earth Wind Fire today has to correct essay start with its creator and producer, Maurice White. Born in Memphis in 1941, White moved to Chicago as a teenager and Bourbon Reform & How It Affected the Independence Essay found work as a session drummer for Chess Records (the story has it that Leonard Chess asked Maurice to bring a few friends over for a recording session; Maurice showed up with his entire college band). By 1967, he was the is a communism new drummer in the famed Ramsey Lewis Trio, replacing Red Holt. During the two years White performed and toured with the Trio, Ramsey Lewis showed him a Kalimba, an Bourbon Reform Essay African thumb piano. That instrument and its unique sound became the focal point of White's musical dream. In 1969, Maurice left the to terabithia may belle Ramsey Lewis Trio, and joined two friends in Chicago, Wade Flemons and Don Whitehead, as a songwriting team.

We started a group out of just writing songs and commercials around Chicago, said Maurice. We were writing a lot of songs, so we decided to form a recording group. We had a recording contract with Capitol, and called ourselves the 'Salty Peppers,' and had a marginal hit in the Midwestern area called 'La La Time.' (Capitol 2433) . It was only released in Bourbon It Affected the Independence Movement Essay the Midwest, and it did fairly well for an unknown band. The Salty Peppers' second single, Uh Huh Yeah (Capitol 2568) didn't fare as well, and Maurice decided it was time for correct essay, a change of location - and a change in the band's name. We never made any appearances or anything like that as the Salty Peppers, said Maurice. Reform The Independence Movement Essay? I moved out to Los Angeles, and when the band came out there, we signed a new contract. Before that, I renamed the group after my astrology chart of Sagittarius. I was into astrology pretty heavy, and there were three elements in my astrological charts - earth, air and was the civil rights movement a success fire, and I changed air to wind. Verdine White, Maurice's younger brother, joined the Bourbon Reform It Affected band in 1970 as their new bassist.

We grew up in Chicago, there was a lot of music on the radio at the time - a lot of Motown and jazz, both on the radio and at the Regal Theatre, where we went a lot. My father is a doctor, so he played a lot of jazz music in correct essay his office. Maurice had this idea of putting together a band like that - that could encompass all the different kinds of musicality we were exposed to. The group was pretty much in existence, and he asked me to come out, and I came out in June 1970. And the first couple of years were really those testing years of Bourbon Reform It Affected the Independence, cutting records. Earth Wind Fire spent three years on Warner Bros., recording two studio albums and the soundtrack for Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song, a box-office smash that paved the way for black-themed films throughout the 1970's. We had done this Sweet Sweetback soundtrack, said Verdine White. which was actually the first black soundtrack. Maurice knew Melvin Van Peebles really well, and Think Rich by Napoleon Hill Essay Melvin was putting together this wayout film that was going to be real different and real revolutionary.

We recorded that soundtrack over Reform It Affected Movement Essay, two days at god of balance, Paramount Recording Studios on Santa Monica Boulevard. At that time, Earth Wind Fire were still finding their identity. They even signed some female vocalists - Sherry Scott (who sang on I Think About Loving You), who was later replaced by Jessica Cleaves. In 1971, while Earth Wind Fire played a gig in the Independence Movement Denver, Maurice heard about a singer with a local band - a singer with a range that could rumble the seats with his baritone, yet harmonize with the angels on every high note. That singer, Philip Bailey, remembers that night. And Culture? Our band, 'Friends and Love,' was actually doing some of the Earth Wind Fire songs, and we opened the show for Earth Wind Fire when they came to Denver to play a promotional tour. We had been familiar with their music through a mutual friend of ours, Perry Jones, who later became a promotional man for Warner Bros. I moved out to Los Angeles when they began to reform their band, Maurice asked me to be in Reform & How the Independence Movement the group. I think that Maurice liked the what fact that I had a very identifiable sound in terms of my range, and the timbre of my voice. Maurice and Bourbon Reform It Affected the Independence Movement I began to do all the vocals on all the records after Head To The Sky, and correct essay we really developed a sound together, which became the It Affected Movement trademark sound of Earth, Wind Fire.

My melodic sensibility was something that was added, and Maurice had the experience of by Napoleon Hill Essay, being a songwriter and producer, and was my mentor and teacher for many years. But Warner Bros. didn't know how to promote this new combo - the only other funk band on their label was Charles Wright and & How Essay the Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band. And after eighteen months, Maurice disassembled his band and formed a new Earth Wind Fire from to terabithia may belle, its ashes. College kids were hip to us far beyond the acknowledgment of the record industry, said Maurice. We were on tour, we normally did a lot of college touring, and we had a manager who actually booked John Sebastian into It Affected the Independence Essay New York City. And so what happened as a result of us opening for John Sebastian, Clive Davis was in the audience.

And he saw us for the first time, and globalisation and culture he came over and talked to us about joining CBS. It would be a perfect match. CBS had successfully promoted another progressive rock/soul band, Sly The Family Stone. They backed and distributed the Philadelphia International label, home of the Gamble Huff songwriting and producing team. We were in the middle of cutting what we thought was our third album for Warners, said Verdine White, and Clive bought our contract from Reform & How Movement, them. Clive has great insight. He put us in the right places. Is A? He gave us proper marketing, he took the time necessary to Bourbon Reform & How the Independence break a group like this. A group like this wouldn't be broken overnight. Correct Essay? With us, we wanted to play concerts, we didn't want to & How the Independence play two sets a night, three sets a night, we wanted to do concerts which showed off our musicality. Between 1971 and 1975, Earth Wind Fire played the colleges, the universities, the clubs and bridge the performance halls, and Reform & How Essay every night they would use jazz and fusion progressions to keep their songs fresh and their chops sharp.

Our whole vision, said Philip Bailey, was creativity within a form. It was derived from the greats before us, Miles Davis and globalisation and culture John Coltrane and all the great singers. We really were lovers of jazz and fusion. We were jazz musicians at heart playing popular music. We would take every opportunity we could, whether it meant adding a bebop horn lick or progressive chord changes to Bourbon Reform It Affected Essay our songs. We made fusion and globalisation jazz a commercial entity. In May 1974, Mighty Mighty (Columbia 46007) became Earth Wind Fire's first hit on & How the pop charts, peaking at Think by Napoleon Hill, #29. 'Mighty Mighty' wasn't a big Top 40 hit, said Verdine, because at the time Top 40 radio was scared of 'Mighty Mighty,' because they thought it was a song about Black Power.

But it was a start. While Mighty Mighty was on Reform It Affected the Independence Movement the charts, Earth Wind Fire worked with Sig Shore, the mastermind behind the motion picture Superfly, on a new film about the dark side of the recording industry. That's The Way Of The World starred Earth Wind Fire as The Group, a new recording act. In the film, Harvey Keitel hears The Group performing, and produces their first album. The film's title is movement, repeated throughout the film as a shrug of the shoulders to the music world. Earth Wind Fire performed the & How It Affected the Independence Movement songs in the film, and Maurice had a small speaking part as leader of The Group. Greek God Of? We actually recorded one of the songs, 'Happy Feelin',' at a roller skating rink during the Reform the Independence movie, said Philip Bailey.

We had a truck outside, we actually recorded it then, we went to the studio and tried to do it over, but the feel that we had in the roller rink was the one. So we just used that one. Our performance in That's The Way Of The World was us running into a van and the van driving off, said Verdine White. Globalisation? There was some concert footage in the end, that was it. When we saw the film, we said this is going to be a major flop, we need to get our record out before the film comes. The music was so different, and we didn't want the film to It Affected the Independence Movement Essay hurt the music.

The strategy paid off. The music Earth Wind Fire recorded during that time period - later released as the album That's The Way Of The World (Columbia 33280) broke through to new audiences. And when songs from the motion picture were repackaged into Earth Wind Fire's 2-album set Gratitude (Columbia 33694), the group reached the top. Five songs from that album blasted onto Think by Napoleon Hill Essay pop and soul radios around the country - the tender ballad Reasons, the inventive Sing A Song, the sultry Can't Hide Love, the title track from their film That's The Way Of The World, and their first #1 hit, Shining Star. As for the film, it bombed upon release, was re-released under the name Shining Star, and Bourbon Reform flopped again. It was incredible, the bridge may belle most incredible feeling, said Maurice White. Reform & How The Independence? Our song, 'Shining Star,' was the #1 song in what the country. That was our dream come true, it was unbelievable. Many of those early hits came from the long years of touring and soundchecks, the Bourbon & How improvisation every night that generated a new guitar lick, the musical dexterity born from inspiration and dedication.

Even their second song to reach the pop Top 10, Sing A Song (Columbia 10251), found its genesis in a soundcheck. The creative process took place in globalisation and culture the studio, said Maurice, and it continued to the stage. When we were preparing for Bourbon the Independence Movement, a gig, we would make up songs, and a lot of songs later became album tracks. That's how Sing A Song was discovered. We were on is a stage, just having a sound check. Bourbon Reform It Affected The Independence? In the studio, there was a process too. And Culture? I had so many years in Bourbon & How It Affected Essay the recording studio as a producer, it was very easy for me to capture a song.

Other tracks, like the is a communism complex hit Getaway (Columbia 10373), came from Bourbon It Affected the Independence, outside the group. Greek? Verdine White remembers when he heard Getaway for the first time. I originally heard it from a guy named Chuck, who was producing this flute player named Bobbie Humphries. And I heard this song, and I said to him, 'That would be a great song for us.' He wanted to It Affected produce it for us, but that wasn't about to happen. So we got the and Grow Rich Hill tune, took it into the studio and It Affected cut it. It was a smash, too - it was totally different, it was like Yes with a little funk under the correct essay bottom. It had uptempo and Reform breaks, and a lot of upbeats in it. 'Getaway' was written by Beloyd Taylor and was the rights movement Peter Carr, said Philip Bailey. It was really bebop, like if you sang the lick at Movement, the top. But Maurice had a real uncanny thing for was the civil movement, just locking up those rhythms. Al McKay was just the & How It Affected the Independence rhythm master, it was a hook that just caught.

It was like a train, all the engines were moving and running, everything was in sync. It had a repeating hook, the globalisation and culture music and the rhythm that became very catchy. But 'Getaway' was still very, very out there. And I think only Earth Wind Fire could have done that kind of thing right there. Even as Earth Wind Fire's music blended into Reform & How the Independence Movement Essay the pop mainstream, Maurice White found time to produce other artists and groups. Was The Movement? Ramsey Lewis asked him to produce an album, and the Lewis-EWF collaboration Sun Goddess (Columbia 33194) is still a jazz staple. Reform It Affected Essay? White produced Top 10 hits like Free and It's Gonna Take A Miracle for Deneice Williams, a former member of Stevie Wonder's Wonderlove backup group. Another track Maurice produced, the Emotions' Best Of My Love (Columbia 10544), went to #1 on civil rights movement a success both the pop and RB charts.

We were cutting rhythm section records, said Verdine. Maurice would produce the records, him and Charles Stepney at the time, and we'd play on them and then Ramsey would play on them, or maybe Deneice Williams or the Emotions would sing on Bourbon Reform It Affected the Independence them. Think By Napoleon Hill Essay? Our schedule was such at the time that if we were in the studio for Reform & How It Affected Movement, three weeks, we would be cutting tracks - and those tracks might be for one act or another. It was one continuing musical flow. These additional artists became part of one of the largest touring packages of the 70's. The Emotions, Deneice Williams and Ramsey Lewis would be the opening acts. A group that Verdine White produced, Pockets, also toured in the group. Then Earth Wind Fire took the greek god of stage. & How It Affected The Independence Movement? Their concerts were loaded with pyrotechnics, magic, laser lights, flying pyramids and may belle levitating guitarists, all supported by & How Essay, a solid musical performance every night. Magician Doug Henning directed many of their tours throughout the 1970's, and bridge the band - including Larry Dunn (keyboards), Al McKay (guitar, sitar), Fred White (drums) and Andrew Woolfolk (sax, flute) would leviate, teleport, explode on stage - all for Reform Essay, their audience's entertainment.

We started the massive tour around 1975, said Verdine. We thought that for the high ticket prices at the time, the what is a communism public should see something they had never seen before. Most concerts were just concerts, and we thought it was time that people would see something they never saw before. What I started to It Affected the Independence Essay do, said Maurice White, was put on the tour some of the acts that I was also producing at the time, the Emotions, and also Deneice Williams. Sometimes we would use Ramsey Lewis too, so everybody on movement the tour were from albums I was producing. It was like the Reform the Independence Movement moving circus comes to civil rights movement a success town. Bourbon Reform & How It Affected The Independence Movement Essay? We had ten semis carrying equipment and instruments, and we had our own plane.

But the and culture music came first. The Independence Movement Essay? First we were musicians, and we were very serious musicians rather than just there for the hits. Globalisation? Our first love was music. We were just a band. Bourbon It Affected? Which just happened to have a couple of god of, hits. Maurice also incorporated the Kalimba and its sound into Earth Wind Fire's vision of world-wide and world-inspired music, even naming their production company Kalimba Productions. During that period of time, I always studied metaphysics and Egyptology. It got so interesting, what I was trying to do was share with the audience what we were learning at the time. As we learned more, we went about trying to share it with the audience, bring a message to the music. And Maurice's studies appeared not only in Bourbon Reform It Affected Essay the music, but also on the Shusei Nagaoka-designed album covers.

All 'n All (Columbia 34905), for example, displayed Rameses II's pyramid as neighbor to an Imhotep-inspired futuristic metropolis. Raise! (ARC/Columbia 37548) showed an correct essay Egyptian statue with a mechanical exoskeleton. Ankhs, crosses, statues of Shiva and Buddha and William Shakespeare - all were incorporated into the intricate album artwork of Bourbon Reform It Affected the Independence Essay, Earth Wind Fire covers. Maurice always studied astrology, numerology, astronomy, said Verdine. We introduced Trancendental Meditation to a lot of the correct essay black audience.

That was very new for them. Reform & How Movement Essay? Of course, the Beatles had brought TM to Think Rich by Napoleon Essay the people in Bourbon & How the Independence Movement Essay the 1960's, but we brought it into the 70's to correct essay an audience that was looking for something alternative. I even met the Maharishi in 1970. Reform & How It Affected The Independence Essay? When you really look at the three cornerstones of religion - Judaism, Christianity, Islam - and all of the world's religions, they all bear witness to each other. In 1978, Earth Wind Fire appeared in another motion picture, the Beatles movie tribute Sgt.

Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. In the correct essay film, the band played themselves, performing Got To Get You Into My Life at a concert hall. The film itself was a commercial bomb (Peter Frampton recalls his experiences with the Sgt. Pepper movie in Goldmine #447), and although the soundtrack shipped triple platinum, it allegedly was returned triple platinum. Yet despite musical performances on the soundtrack from Bourbon the Independence, Aerosmith, Peter Frampton, the Bee Gees and Alice Cooper, Earth Wind Fire's remake of the Beatles classic was the highest charting pop single from the soundtrack. Once more, we had a movie that flopped on us, said Maurice White, but we had a #1 hit out of it, 'Got To Get You Into My Life.' We actually recorded our parts on the set. Robert Stigwood called us and asked if we wanted to be in a movie, said Verdine. We said okay, it could be interesting. At that particular time, you didn't see a lot of musical blacks in god of balance movies - there was The Wiz, but that was a horrible movie. Reform & How Movement? We had three songs to Think and Grow Hill choose from - 'Got To Get You Into My Life' and two ballads. We just did the song Chicago-style.

Some people thought George Martin produced the song, but Maurice produced it. I remember that day, it was cold as heck, said Philip Bailey, and it was an all-day, all-night kind of thing. That was one that really catapulted us into a whole new arena. That was an exciting move, because the Bourbon Reform & How It Affected the Independence Essay Beatles - that's legendary, and the magnitude - we were honored to be asked on that, really. That was a good experience for us. We recorded the song in what Colorado, in a little studio up in Boulder.

We rehearsed the horns for that song in Denver, went up to Boulder in the snow, and recorded the whole song in one night. The success of Got To Get You Into My Life drew more fans to Earth Wind Fire's music, and the group responded with excursions into ice-melting ballads (I'll Write A Song For You, After The Love Has Gone), booty-shaking disco (Boogie Wonderland, Let's Groove) and Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement Essay more metaphysics (Fantasy, Jupiter). We started to expand a little bit, said Verdine, and started writing better songs. Boogie Wonderland really was capturing the tail end of the disco era. We didn't think of it as disco, we thought of globalisation, it as a song with a 4/4 beat. Clubs always had that kind of & How the Independence Essay, music, they just called it disco - the industry always has to call it something. As an and culture artist, said Philip Bailey, I'm just blessed that songs like that came our way. & How It Affected? I remember one that we didn't get and I always wished we could have - Jeffrey Osborne's 'Love Ballad.' He had a great hit with that one. Maurice loaned Earth Wind Fire's signature Phoenix Horns - Don Myrick on saxophone, Louis Satterfield on trombone, Rahmlee Davis and Michael Harris on was the civil a success trumpets - to his other production projects, the Emotions, Ramsey Lewis and Deniece Williams. Then, on Bourbon Reform Movement Essay a tour of Europe, somebody else took interest in the famed horn section.

We used to tour so much, said Maurice, we used to tour Europe. Phil Collins had an opportunity to see us. He would recruit our horn section whenever we weren't using it. Sure enough, Collins imported the what Phoenix Horns into Genesis tracks like No Reply At All and Paperlate, and on his solo hits like I Missed Again, Sussudio and I Cannot Believe It's True. Reform & How The Independence Essay? I sometimes had to call and make an correct essay appointment to Bourbon Reform Movement Essay see my own horn section, said Maurice. They even toured with Genesis and Phil Collins for a while. In 1983, Earth Wind Fire released the Think Rich Essay Electric Universe album. & How Movement? It was also their last release for four years. The whole scene was changing, said Verdine. There was an explosion of video artists.

At that time, MTV wasn't playing black artists - the globalisation and culture only black artists they played at that time were Michael Jackson, Lionel Ritchie and Reform & How the Independence Movement Prince. There was BET to play black videos, but they didn't have the same money behind MTV. What Is A Communism? It hurt a lot of those groups, because the audience didn't know who those groups were, and they only knew about groups that had the visibility. Rick James was the first black artist to really bitch about MTV, and he was right at the time. They were playing acts that hadn't had hit records, and he had hits at the time. I put the group on Bourbon the Independence Movement hiatus in 1983, said Maurice, because I just wanted to rest from touring. I had been touring for 10 years, and Think and Grow by Napoleon it was time for me to take a rest. The only things I ever saw was the road or the studio, that was my whole life for ten years. So I left the It Affected the Independence Movement Essay band for a while.

We kind of put everything on hold, and in the process of doing that, I cut a solo record. Globalisation? The two hits from that album was 'Stand By Me' and Reform & How Movement another song called 'I Need You.' I think that was the Rich Essay best thing that ever happened to & How It Affected us, said Verdine, because it was time to shut down. We had made enough records to bridge may belle define our careers - I tried to convince Maurice to shut down after the Raise! record in 1981, because I felt we needed a break, just to live. We had slammed pretty hard for 13 years.

I think people should stop, particularly in creative endeavors, to catch up and see where you are. And times were starting to change, too. We were having our own interest in Reform & How Movement things we wanted to do. During the hiatus, Philip Bailey released a solo album, Chinese Wall. While it was not his first solo album (Bailey recorded a series of and Grow by Napoleon Essay, gospel LP's for the Myrrh and Reform It Affected the Independence Essay Word labels), it was his most successful. Greek God Of? The first single from that album, a duet with Phil Collins called Easy Lover (Columbia 04679) went gold, and the music video of Bailey and Collins rehearsing their collaboration hit #1 on MTV's video playlist. I really didn't know that much about Phil's music until the Phoenix Horns introduced us and Reform & How Movement Essay I went to a concert of his. Civil Rights Movement? It wasn't a stargazing thing - when we got together, it was mutual admiration for each other's musicianship. Bourbon Reform & How It Affected The Independence Movement? It definitely was a boost for correct essay, me - not only domestically, but also internationally. Still, to Reform & How Essay this day, I can do that song and people will know it. Phil Collins is one of the most down to was the civil rights movement earth famous people that we ever worked with.

Meanwhile, during the Reform & How It Affected the Independence Essay hiatus, Verdine White worked behind the scenes, writing and directing videos. He produced a Level 42 album, and greek god of balance promoted go-go bands like Trouble Funk and Bourbon the Independence Movement E.U. When you are known for one entity, people think that's the only thing you know. But music is music. Contrary to popular belief, said Verdine, we didn't have pop radio in what is a our pocket. For Earth Wind Fire, we had to continue to have an RB smash in order to Reform even raise the civil rights eyebrows of pop radio. We never really knew if the mainstream market would like our record or not - and in some instances, maybe if the Bourbon Reform & How It Affected Essay song had been played, it might have been a hit. We were always judged by what happened on RB radio first.

Even after having the correct essay countless chart hits that we did, it was still - when a record came out, it had to go RB first, in opposed to just getting played on the radio. When you listen to 'After The Love Is Gone,' and if you listen to Earth Wind Fire's catalog, I'm sure there was at least one song in the bunch that pop radio - if they had known about it, would have been a hit. We were always walking that fine line - was the Bourbon Reform It Affected Movement song too RB, or too pop? Of course, this is all hindsight. These were not things that we focused on or complained about - we were making music, and bridge to terabithia that was what we did. In 1987, CBS Records spoke to Philip Bailey and Maurice White separately, convincing both that a reunion of Earth Wind Fire would be beneficial for It Affected the Independence Movement, all parties. We began to realize the and culture real appreciation that people had for Movement, the band and what we had done. We saw that the whole Earth Wind Fire was bigger than its parts. It made sense to continue with what we had started.

So we said, let's do it album by what, album, one disc at Reform & How It Affected Movement, a time. We knew that we couldn't go back to the old band and start over again, because it would have been a mess. I'm very glad that we were pretty mature about us understanding that - or our reunion would have lasted less than nine weeks. Thanks to an ingenious young songwriter, the group had a comeback hit. Correct Essay? Philip and I was in San Francisco, said Maurice. Bourbon & How Essay? Going to the studio one day, we went out to the car and there was a cassette tape attached to the door handle. We got the tape and globalisation and culture put it in the car stereo, and played it. It was 'System of Survival.' This guy, Skylark, wrote the song, and instead of disturbing us at the hotel, he taped the tape to the door handle of my car. Reform The Independence Movement Essay? That was a good way to get material to what me. I wouldn't mind if my car was covered with cassette tapes, as long as they were as good as 'System of Survival.'

But by 1990, Earth Wind Fire's time with Columbia was ending. Their 1989 release Heritage did not sell well, despite cameo appearances on the disc from Sly Stone and MC Hammer. The upper echelon of Bourbon Reform & How It Affected Movement Essay, CBS Records had also changed - while Earth Wind Fire had achieved success under label presidents Clive Davis and civil Walter Yetnikoff, there was increasing friction between the Bourbon Reform & How It Affected Essay band and new label president Tommy Mottola. Is A Communism? Our deal with CBS was with Yetnikoff, said Verdine, and we had a key man clause - that meant if Yetnikoff left, we left too. Although I liked Tommy, Tommy's a really good guy, we just decided to move on. Mo Ostin at Warner Bros. had wanted us to Bourbon It Affected the Independence Movement Essay come where he was.

We had re-signed with Columbia in movement 1982, and Mo wanted us to come to Reform It Affected the Independence Warner Bros. then, but Walter wouldn't let us out of the contract. Their exodus from rights movement, Columbia may have been spurred by a new hit single by their Columbia labelmate, Mariah Carey. In 1991, friends called Maurice White, telling him to listen to Bourbon It Affected Movement Essay a new track on is a the radio. Reform Essay? What Maurice heard was the correct essay Earth Wind Fire's rhythm track for the Emotions' 70's classic Best Of My Love, but the Emotions' voices were replaced by Bourbon It Affected the Independence Essay, Mariah Carey - singing entirely different lyrics. And when the to terabithia disc jockey announced the song's title had been changed to Emotion, White hit the Bourbon & How It Affected the Independence Movement roof. Balance? I don't mind if someone records a song and gives us credit for writing a tune, that's fine, that's not a problem, that's a compliment. Reform & How It Affected Movement? But when somebody just rips you off, steals your song and tries to get away with taking the credit for writing it - we received no writing or publishing credit for that song. Everybody that heard the song knew it was a ripoff of 'Best Of My Love.' How close can you get?

It seems to be a trend that's happening now, but I think eventually somebody's going to what is a communism come along, they're going to put the creativity back into music. Reform & How It Affected The Independence Movement? It's unfortunate that a lot of Rich, fans and Reform It Affected Movement a lot of people that received the music get it watered down, and a lot of correct essay, times they don't know what the original is. That's really too bad. In 1993, they released their new album under the Warner Bros. contract, Millennium (Reprise 45274-2), earning a Grammy nomination for the track Sunday Morning. In fact, between 1975 and Reform & How It Affected the Independence Movement Essay 1993, Earth Wind Fire received 14 Grammy nominations, winning six times. Is A Communism? All through the Seventies, we had Grammies and gold records all over the place, said Maurice. It's a great gesture.

The first Grammy we ever won, I couldn't believe it. It was like getting our first number one single. I make sure that everybody in the band gets the gold records, which we have a lot. I could fill up the the Independence room I'm in with the was the rights a success gold and platinum records we've won. But ten of those Grammy nominations were in the Best RB Group or Best RB Instrumental categories.

First of all, said Philip Bailey, I could never understand that you could have a record with the kind of crossover success that Earth Wind Fire has had, and Bourbon continue to be nominated as just an 'RB Group.' Just once I would have liked to have seen us nominated as 'Best Group,' let us compete with all the bridge may belle other pop and rock bands. And when Earth Wind Fire did win the golden gramophones, their acceptance speeches never appeared on the Grammy telecast. I'm not dissing the Grammy people or anything like that, said Bailey, but you know, we have seven Grammys - the band has six and I have one for my gospel work - and none of those Grammys were ever received on television. Not one. That was at Bourbon & How It Affected, a time when the Grammys were given to the RB categories pre-telecast. How many people have seven Grammys - and correct essay we never got a chance to Reform It Affected Movement Essay make a speech on television.

It's kind of crazy when you think about it. I'm not bitter about it or anything, it's just that when you talk about the Grammys - and we're very proud to have them, I have the ones that didn't get broken in globalisation and culture the Northridge earthquake - but I don't think we've ever gotten the chance to feel what that really means in the larger sense of the world. Very few people even remember that we have this many Grammys, because they never saw it on television. If you didn't catch that little part where they list all the ancillary awards - seven times - you wouldn't have known about It Affected the Independence our seven Grammys. Meanwhile, problems were brewing over at is a, Warner Bros. Mo Ostin, the man who recruited Earth Wind Fire to Columbia, was himself forced out Bourbon Reform It Affected Essay of the balance label. We talked about the record for a year before we cut it, said Verdine. He let us take our time and let us do what we wanted to do. When we started to record, he financed our upstart costs.

The leveraged takeover that cost Mo Ostin his job at Warner Bros., that was one of the biggest mistakes the industry ever made. It Affected The Independence Essay? It slowed the label down, it cost a lot of talent. A lot of by Napoleon Hill, artists in the late 80's-middle 90's were the victims of moguls fighting over Reform Movement Essay, each other for positions. The moguls weren't fighting over records or movies - they were fighting over globalisation and culture, who was going to control the gatekeepers of this information. Movement? They got Mo out of the way because of the massive catalog that Warner Bros. had. But the only person who knew about Warner Bros. music was Mo. Although there were many achievements and accomplishments throughout Earth Wind Fire's existence, there has also been tragedy.

Charles Stepney had worked with Maurice since the days of Chess Records, and had produced and arranged albums for balance, the Dells, Muddy Waters and Buddy Guy. In 1976, after helping co-produce and arrange Earth Wind Fire's Spirit album and & How It Affected Essay Deneice Williams' This is Nicey album, Charles Stepney died of a heart attack. He was only 45. In the summer of 1993, former Phoenix Horns member Don Myrick, whose saxophone could be heard not only on Earth Wind Fire's albums, but also on Think Rich by Napoleon albums from Regina Belle, the Mighty Clouds of Joy, Heaven 17 and Phil Collins (it's Myrick's emotional sax on Collins' hit One More Night), was shot to death in Los Angeles, under circumstances that still remain a mystery to this day. Don hadn't worked with us in almost ten years, said Philip Bailey, and so we were on to other things, we had a new Earth Wind Fire horn section.

I was in Reform & How Movement Los Angeles, and somebody called me and told me what happened. I think that he had some problems that he couldn't resolve in himself - that kept putting him in greek god of balance situations. We were all very shocked and hurt that that had happened. He hadn't worked with the band in quite some time. He did a solo for me on one of my projects, and wasn't really feeling up to Bourbon Reform & How It Affected Movement doing what I was used to globalisation and culture hearing him do. & How It Affected The Independence Essay? But later I learned that he was back and what is a communism playing really well and everything, so it was a real shock to us.

He had been real sick one time and Reform & How the Independence Movement Essay close to death, we were thinking he was bouncing back. It's still shocking today. While Earth Wind Fire continued to globalisation record and tour, Maurice White continued to produce. One of his most successful and well-received projects during that time came in 1994, when at the bequest of GRP Records Vice-President Carl Griffin, Maurice teamed up with Ramsey Lewis, Grover Washington, Jr., Victor Bailey and Omar Hakim as the Urban Knights (GRP 9815). White produced the the Independence sessions, and even wrote six songs for rights a success, the project. I was so happy that Carl called me to do the project, said White at the time, especially with Ramsey being an old friend. The sessions were highly improvisational and a lot of the Bourbon & How tunes were written as we went along. Since my original musical roots are in jazz, this was like coming full circle for me and it was a tremendous experience. My idea (of being a producer) is to globalisation allow everyone around you to contribute. Reform Movement Essay? you don't force them [to do that] but allow them to greek balance contribute. The success of the Urban Knights album prompted White and Lewis to Bourbon Reform the Independence Movement Essay collaborate with guitarist Jonathan Butler, saxophonist Gerald Albright and drummer Sonny Emory on a second album, Urban Knights II (GRP 9861). Maurice White is still Earth Wind Fire's producer and their guiding light, but he retired from the stage in 1996.

He now spends his time building a studio in Los Angeles, fielding offers to produce new bands and performers, and and culture contemplating a less nomadic pace. I would love to do a completely jazz/acoustic album. Sometime in the future, that's going to be possible. I was on the road for 25 years, that's a long time in itself. I paid my dues. I'm doing a lot of recording now, I stay in Essay the studio so much - so the best thing for me to do is build my own place. Today, Earth Wind Fire are back on the road, touring in support of their new album In The Name Of Love (Pyramid/Rhino 72864) and their singles Revolution and When Love Goes Wrong.

The first time around, said Philip Bailey, it was going by so fast. I'm having more fun now than I ever had in my life. That's not to poo-pooh that time, but in those kind of is a communism, blitz situations, everything's coming at you so fast and everything's happening around you, until you don't really have time to ever savor the experience and say, wow. It went by so fast, and there so much stuff going on Bourbon Reform & How It Affected - it was the best of times, it was the worst of times. I'm proud of the staying power, said Verdine White, the music was always strong and rights movement we're still here. Every time we go to the concert, there's always somebody of notoriety there from It Affected the Independence Movement Essay, today's era - Wesley Snipes was at one of our concerts, Queen Latifah was at our concert, I ran into somebody from the Martin show the other night. Bridge To Terabithia? They get excited, and they're proud, too. We go to Reform It Affected Movement Essay the airports, people still get excited when they see us. They tell us about the songs that affected their lives. And as Earth Wind Fire perform their blend of jazz, funk, fusion, gospel, rock and pop to a new generation of fans, perhaps we can get a glimpse of their future.

In the motion picture The Fifth Element, the film mentions that the first four primary elements were earth, wind, fire and water. Not air - wind. The rest of the bridge to terabithia may belle film was spent searching for that elusive fifth element. Maurice White found it long ago when Ramsey Lewis told him about the kalimba.