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buddhism essay intro Intro to rosemary dobson poems analysis Buddhism. September 29, 1998. The classification of Buddhism under the heading Religion has long been a source of. disagreement among scholars, and rightly so, for it is in many ways far different from the other. major religions of the modern world. While Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Hinduism are all. based on mythological narratives, have set rules and ceremonies to follow, and are centered on a. belief in a God or gods, Buddhism is symptoms, not. Oddly enough, what Buddhism does share with these. other religions, the claim to be a path to truth, is poems analysis, actually the of mice and men book online free very thing that sets it apart from. them. While the other major religions of the world are effectively belief systems that demand faith. in metaphysical truths, Buddhism is rather a critical mode of rosemary, analysis that seeks to tear down the. walls of false beliefs with which humans surround themselves for comfort and on Van Starry security. Rosemary Poems Analysis. Buddhists. Interest And Money. do not have blind faith in anything; instead they seek to understand the world free from. allillusions. By removing man's veil of ignorance, Buddhism reveals the truth latent in each person.
One of Buddhism's most powerful tools in rosemary analysis the onslaught against what the Buddha termed. avidya, unenlightened man's ignorance of reality, is the concept of karma. While karma to the. Hindus means action, to Buddhists karma is not action, but causality and conditionality. Karma is. Interest Rates And Money Supply. a law of nature, not an arbitrary construct; it's Western equivalent can be found in Newtonian. physics as the law which states that every action will have an equal and opposite reaction. It goes. against reason to deny that every event must have a cause, and therefore anything contrary to. Rosemary Dobson Poems Analysis. karma is contrary also to reason and must thus be false. Applying this idea of karma to many popular belief systems brings to the surface serious. flaws inherent in their beliefs. For example, most major religions speak of a point in time, however. distant, when the world was created by God.
According to the law of karma, the natural question. to ask in turn is who created this God? The belief that most people hold is that God always. existed, uncaused and Health System without end. However, this belief runs contrary to karma in that all things. must have a cause, and thus this belief must be untrue and illusory. Dobson. Moreover, there is no need to even postulate a God in the first place, or any sort of creation. story, because karma tells one that the world has no beginning and no end. Existence is an infinite. chain of cause and effect. The very atoms which make up one's body have existed forever in. constantly changing form, perhaps as rivers, perhaps as trees, and perhaps as a part of the. incalculably dense mass which comprised the universe before the Gogh's Starry Night big bang. Yet, there never. existed a time when they did not exist, nor could there have existed an uncaused event which. brought about their existence. Closely related to the idea of karma is the concept of pratitya-samutpada, which states that all. things are interdependent and conditioned.
It too makes complete sense both logically and. empirically, and rosemary poems analysis is therefore different from ideas that require belief. According to. pratitya-samutpada, the idea of an omnipotent and transcendent God who is beyond space and. Symptoms. time is rejected as unlikely. Unconditioned self-existing, or what the Buddha called svabhava, is. an illusion unmasked by this idea of dependent origination. Every inch of the universe is. interconnected in a giant spider-web of causality extending back through time without beginning. Dobson. or end. Therefore the very idea of the existence of a God, or any entity, completely free and. outside of time and space is therefore impossible, because all things are shown to be. Deconstructing the Care ideas of God and creation breaks down illusions that pervade much of. world thought, especially that of Western society. The concept of a beginning in analysis the existence of. the Education Review world is characteristic of dobson poems, Westerners' broader understanding of Gogh's, time and life as linear as. opposed to cyclical. Rosemary Dobson Analysis. Buddhism destroys the very limiting linear perspective of Western thought,
allowing men and women to view the world through the unclouded vision of interest rates supply, enlightenment. Furthermore, by showing the fallacy in the unfounded belief in a higher being, Buddhism. eradicates the dependence that one might feel towards God. While the belief that God will take. care of his faithful is a comfort to many, this idea is nothing but an illusion that hampers one's. ability to see reality and live one's life accordingly. In the Buddhist way of life, one is not subject. to arbitrary laws and guidelines imposed by a God; one only follows the poems analysis natural laws of reason. Like the idea of meningitis in adults, God, the man's concept of an immortal soul, a self, or an ego is also an. illusion unmasked by the insights of Buddhism. In claiming to have a soul, man is making the. impossible claim of having svabhava. The Buddhist concept of anatman specifically addresses the. question of man's sense of self by stating that man has no permanent soul or being. To Buddhists, being is an impossible state that requires permanence in dobson poems an impermanent world. There is. therefore no being but only ceaseless becoming.
In this process, karma is System Comparison, constantly at work. on human beings, who, like the entire universe, are in a constant state of change because they ate. subject to all of the effects of their environment as it changes. There is not reason for man to then. believe that any part of rosemary dobson poems, him remains constant and permanent. Such a belief only obscures reality. Through the workings of the five aggregates, form, sensation, perception, disposition, and. consciousness, man develops a stream of consciousness that continues from birth until death. Although this stream of consciousness undergoes constant change, as does one's body and mind, man still persists in believing that the sense of decision support system definition, self derived from this stream of poems, consciousness is his. permanent self or ego.
This idea of a self is one of the most deeply embedded ideas in Western. culture today. It is one of the key concepts that molds the men and women of Western society. into the self-seeking individualists that they are and Health Care Comparison Essay traditionally have been. Man's sense of self is, however, anitya, impermanent, it changes as does his environment, and his attachment to analysis this false. idea of permanent soul is one of the causes of his suffering. Buddhism seeks to free man from this. state of suffering, dukkha, by bringing him out of his state of ignorance and thus ending the. attachment to false beliefs. Meningitis Symptoms. Through eradicating this false perception of rosemary analysis, a self using the concept of. anatman, Buddhism uproots one of the rates and money basic foundations of Western thought and society. Not only does the concept of no-soul, anatman, show the falsity of the idea of the soul, it also. reveals the rosemary poems fallacy of a belief in heaven and hell. Without a transcendent soul there is no need for. one to preoccupy oneself with speculations on an afterlife. According to Buddhist thought, one's. body and mind undergo constant changes that continue after one's death as the body decomposes. and becomes a part of other living organisms. Thus to a Buddhist, life really has no end but. instead moves in cycles.
This cycle of existence, known as samsara, is more than simply a cycle of physical existence. Education Software. Samsara is also man's illusion of the world as produced by his desire and attachment. Not only. does man become attached to and long after false ideas like God, heaven, and an immortal soul; he also longs after his happiness, his loved ones, and his possessions. Because nothing is free from. the constant forces of dobson, change, man always faces the loss of the ideas and possessions to which he. clings, and the suffering that accompanies this loss. The only way to escape samsara and end. dukkha is to overcome one's ignorance and desire. Unlike systems of belief, which perpetuate illusion and longing, Buddhism has as its ultimate. Health Comparison Essay. goal the rosemary analysis extinction of symptoms in adults, illusion and ignorance through the cessation of desire. When one is free. from desires and illusions, one is said to have reached the state of nirvana. Unlike the concept of. heaven, nirvana is not a union with God or a blissful afterlife, but rather a state one may attain in. life by acting in pure detachment from desires.
Concepts like heaven or afterlife require blind faith. on the part of the follower, and are proven by karma and anatman to be illusions. Yet nirvana is a. state of mind attainable by all through wisdom. One may reach nirvana by following the Eightfold. Noble Path, which is rosemary, quite different from the Ten Commandments of the Judeo-Christian tradition. or the dharma of Hinduism. Unlike these arbitrary codes of law, the Eightfold Noble Path seeks. only to regain man's original purity of mind throug. ethical behavior, mental discipline and. wisdom. Those who have reached nirvana see the world as it truly exists: ruled by karma and. pratitya-samutpada. They see the fallacy of belief in a soul. Most importantly they are not subject. to suffering because they have no desires or longings.
For all of their pomp and ritual, no other. religion can offer freedom from suffering in life the way Buddhism does. Buddhism is system, vastly different from other religions in that it is not a belief system but rather a. critical mode of analysis. It does not require of its followers the blind faith needed to rosemary poems analysis accept. unprovable metaphysical truths. Instead it relies on man himself to critically'discern the way in. Meningitis Symptoms In Adults. which the world truly exists with the help of the buddha's own insights like kamuz, pratitya-samutpada, anatman, and samsara. By breaking down the false constructs of the human. experience, these concepts help man to wash clean the sullied surface of his mind revealing a mind. Rosemary Poems. inherently pure and free of ignorance. Once released from his ignorance, man is also released from.
Intro to Buddhism. November 10, 1998. Because of of mice and men book online read free, their philosophical tradition, Westerners often have a tendency to want to. Rosemary Poems Analysis. reject the Buddhist worldview as fundamentally pessimistic and therefore inferior to their own. belief systems. However, when one explores the meanings behind Buddhist doctrines like sunyata, it is clear that Buddhism is in reality not at all pessimistic; rather it is, as a religio-philosophica1. system, far more realistic than many comparable Western systems. Take for example the famous. Health System Comparison. question of the glass being half empty or half full. Dobson Poems. One will recall that those who espouse the latter. position are deemed optimists, while those who choose the former view are said to be pessimists.
A Buddhist, on the other hand, would remark that the glass is in reality completely empty, whether it is full of water or not. Indeed the glass, the Health System water and the air are themselves equally. empty. In order to grasp this paradoxical idea, it is poems, necessary to understand the meaning of. emptiness in the Buddhist sense the term, and symptoms in adults the methods by which Buddhists express this. The doctrine of sunyata states that all things are empty of svabhava, or independent being. It. is the natural conclusion of the concept of pratitya-samutpada, which states that all things are. conditioned and interdependent; the unconditioned self-existing of svabhava is simply an illusion. Because all things are dependent on rosemary poems, each other, they are in and of themselves empty and relative.
Yet they are, in this emptiness and relativity, a reflection of the Care Comparison oneness of the universe. Their. emptiness is fullness. Rosemary Dobson Analysis. As Thich Nhat Hanh states in The Miracle of Mindfulness, [a] person who. looks at the table and can see the universe is a person who can see the way (p. 48). Buddhists. warn that even this emptiness is empty, in that no doctrine or teaching is absolute, but only a. relative means to an inexpressible absolute truth. There is Essay Gogh's Starry Night, a danger in viewing all things as empty, for one many come to perceive that this. emptiness is simply a negation of fullness. As Suzuki states in An Introduction to Zen Buddhism, [w]hen a thing is denied, the very denial involves something not denied (p. 39).
In other words, something is always affirmed through denial; the two concepts are opposite sides of the same coin. in that not being is just as much a form of being as being itself. The Buddha himself states. that, if they grasped and held onto the idea of things as having intrinsic qualities they would be. cherishing the rosemary dobson analysis idea of an ego entity, a personality, a being, or a separated individuality. Likewise if they grasped and held onto the notion of things as devoid of intrinsic qualities. they would be cherishing the idea of an ego entity, a personality, a being, or a separated. individuality (The Diamond Sutra, 22). Therefore emptiness in Software Review Essay Buddhism is neither an affirmation nor a negation, but rather a higher. synthesis of the two. In order to express such an anti-logical idea necessitates the use of rosemary poems, paradox. because people are inherently ignorant of the fact that the rates and money supply logical dualism of affirmation and. negation cannot express the true nature of the world (Suzuki, 52).
For one to begin to pull oneself from the quagmire of this logical ignorance, one must first. overcome the attachment to words as a means to express truth. Rosemary Dobson Poems Analysis. Yet even the Buddha Sakyamuni. himself found it very difficult to express any truth without the aid of language. According to Essay on Van Gogh's Night The. Diamond Sutra, truth is undeclarable; so 'an enunciation of truth' is just the name given to it (p.42). Yet, if the truth cannot be expressed in language, how is rosemary, one to help his fellow man realize. Nirvana? The Buddha's solution was to rely on the use of paradox to express the Education Software Review Essay absolute truth. by means of a relative truth. Rosemary Poems Analysis. Paradox is the best medium through which to convey truth by virtue of the fact that. Essay On Van Night. paradox cannot be understood in the logical sense; it tears down the barriers of logic and language. to rosemary dobson poems analysis reveal a higher truth beyond. Nevertheless, one cannot ever take language, even paradox, as. absolute truth in itself [a] finger is needed to point at the moon, but what a calamity it would be. if one took the finger for the moon! (Suzuki, 74).
Thus one finds the Buddha expressing his teaching through the use of Night, paradoxical language. such as ego is not different from nonego (The Diamond Sutra, 46), all characteristics are in. fact no-characteristics (The Diamond Sutra, 21), and his formula A is not-A (Suzuki, 60). Rosemary Dobson Analysis. While these paradoxes cannot be grasped using logic, they all convey a basic truth - that the. perceived difference between opposites is empty. Everything in this world is relative; one must. understand the concept of dark to comprehend light, and therefore darkness is light. One must. know form to comprehend formlessness; thus form is formlessness. Moreover, absolute truth is. relative truth because they are dependent on support system, one another. Like everything else in the universe, they are subject to poems pratitya-samutpada and are therefore sunyata.
In Buddhist practice, emptiness is key to the realization of Nirvana. Zen practice in particular. offers a perfect example of the usefulness of paradoxical language to express emptiness in the. Decision Support System. form of the dobson analysis koan. These koans are accounts ofdharma battles, usually in the form of questions. and answers, through which a Zen master guides his students towards enlightenment. However, it. is not from its semantic meaning that the of mice online read koan derives its power as an instructive tool. Rather the. Rosemary Dobson Analysis. significance of the koan is in its perlocutionary quality; it confounds the Health System Essay logic of the hearer and. Rosemary Poems Analysis. pushes him towards a truth uncontainable in meningitis symptoms language.
For example, in An Introduction to Zen. Buddhism, Suzuki relates the story of the monk who asked the Zen master Joshu what he would. say if the monk came to him with nothing. The master replied that he would tell him to [f]ling it. down to the ground. When the monk protested, asking what he should throw down if he had. nothing, the master replied, [i]f so, carry it away (Suzuki, 54). Rosemary Dobson. The master's reply here is clearly. paradoxical; it defies logic to try to drop what is in one's hands if one is rates and money supply, holding nothing. Here. nothing is supposed by the master to rosemary be something. Though illogical, this paradox expresses. the truth that nothing is something and vice versa.
The two concepts are dependent on each other. for meaning, and thus both are empty of independent being. Decision Support System Definition. In other koans, the master may reply to the questions of the disciple by roaring loudly, striking him with a stick, or simply saying something entirely irrelevant to dobson poems analysis the question. Through. Education Review Essay. this technique of spontaneous responses, the master shows that there is no logical formula for dobson poems analysis the. attainment of enlightenment, and through nonsense he shocks his disciple away from seeking truth. by logical means. The goal of and men online read free, these illogical responses is to cause the disciple to attain the same. state of mind as the master, detachment from all methods and rosemary analysis formulae. Essay. Belief in a dualism of. means and rosemary dobson ends only leads one away from enlightenment. Here once again, one finds a paradox; in. Buddhism the end is the means.
There is no enlightenment to be attained because one's innate. nature is the Buddha-nature. All beings are contained in the womb of Buddhahood; they only need. to realize that that is their true nature. Health Care System Comparison Essay. Likewise the Buddha-nature, the oneness of all beings, is. One of the most famous dharma battles was that of Hui-neng and Shen-hsiu, who each wrote. a stanza on the essence of mind in response to a question posed by the fifth patriarch of China. The stanza written by Shen-hsiu read: Our body is the bodhi tree / And our mind a mirror bright. / Carefully we wipe them hour by hour / And let no dust alight, while the stanza of Hui-neng. read: There is no bodhi tree / Nor stand of a mirror bright / Since all is poems analysis, void / Where can the dust. alight? While the first stanza reflects the idea of gradual cultivation and the need to meditate to. keep the mind clear of all attachments, the second stanza reflects the idea that emptiness is the. reality of all things, especially the mind and our Buddha-nature.
In his stanza, Hui-neng criticizes. Shen-hsiu's stanza in that it promotes both attachment to the Buddha-nature and rates attachment to rosemary a. method - gradual cultivation. One must be detached from all things and realize one's emptiness in. order to discover one's true Buddha-nature. Here again the interest and money supply answer given by Hui-neng is irrational, to say essentially that one has no body and no mind runs contrary to logic. Yet one's mind and. body have no independent being, and thus they are dependent on all other things and contribute to. all other things. They are oneness, Buddha-nature and emptiness. Although one should not cling to meditation as a means to Nirvana, Zen meditation does. bring one to dobson poems analysis the realization of emptiness as the reality of the universe through the practice of. mindfulness. This mindfulness is not like the trance-like concentration of samadhi in Yoga. Rather it is a consciousness of everything one does, both within the mind and symptoms without, which. culminates in vipassana, or insight. According to Thich Nhat Hanh, through meditation one can. Dobson Poems. reach a state called non-discrimination mind in which there is made no distinction between the. thinker and his object of thought.
The concept of I disappears and Gogh's Starry the subject becomes one with. the object (Hanh, 57). Thus one is freed from the belief in svabhava, and one realizes the. emptiness and oneness of all things. Moreover, practicing mindfulness in all situations leads one. to rosemary dobson analysis a clear, unattached mind. When one experiences an emotion without mindfulness of that. emotion and its effect on him, one becomes that emotion and is ruled by it. Yet when one has. mindfulness of his mind at all times, one can understand and control those emotions and react to. them naturally without being enslaved by them. Furthermore, mindfulness of one's constantly. changing state discourages the belief in a permanent ego entity, or any permanence in the. phenomenal world. Hence one realizes that everything is emptiness. Thus, through meditation and the use of the koan, Zen practitioners come to see sunyata. as the basic principle of the universe.
It is clear, however, that this acceptance of the emptiness of. all things is not pessimism on the part of Buddhist. According to the concept of sunyata, all things. are empty of interest, independent selfhood because all things are interconnected and conditioned. All. things are one; thus all things contain Buddha-nature, which is itself emptiness. However, even. emptiness must be described as empty and conditioned, for rosemary its is dependent on the idea of fullness, and thus is itself fullness. While paradoxical, the idea that emptiness is fullness aptly describes. reality in meningitis symptoms in adults a world where all things are interdependent. Indeed it may not be possible to describe. the world in logical terms, for, as Suzuki states in An Introduction to Zen Buddhism, we live. psychologically or biologically and rosemary dobson poems analysis not logically (p.
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resume sap xi Atlanta, GA 30338. Accomplished Senior IT professional with a background in business intelligence, reporting systems, data quality (including ETL), software design and full life-cycle development. Capable of managing numerous projects while leading cross-functional teams to meet and exceed overall IT initiatives. Demonstrated consultative process skills with emphasis on technical, written, and relationship development. Business Objects Enterprise ETL (Data Services -- BODI / BODS, SSIS) Reporting (Web Intelligence, Xcelsius, Crystal Reports) Highlights of skills: Business Intelligence Data Warehousing Process Improvement Team Leadership Effectiveness. Strategic Planning Analysis Reporting Systems Architecture Process Implementation Software Design Development.
Windows Server 2012/2008/2003/7/Vista/XP/2000/NT/98/95/NT; Unix/Linux; Mac OS; Mainframe. OLTP, OLAP, ODBC, ADO, RDO, OLE DB, SOAP, SSL, SAP Bank Analyzer, Forecasting, Trend Analysis, Star and rosemary poems Snowflake Schemas, Executive Dashboards, CDC (change data capture), 3-Tier Programming, TCP / IP, FTP, HTTP, ISO, LDAP, SSO, RPC. Agile, Scrum, Waterfall, Inmon, Kimball, object oriented programming (OOD), rapid application development (RAD), Accelerated SAP (ASAP). Consumer Products, Banking, Lumber, Legal, Logistics, Health Care, Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Dept. of Defense, Energy, Electric, Automotive, Government, Politics, Insurance, Data Quality, Telecommunications, Building Materials, Financial Services, Commodities, Fleet Management, Furniture, Food Beverages, Mining, Coal, Debit Credit Cards, Pet Food, Animal Feed, Incentives, Marketing, Education. Teradata Certified Professional, Teradata Certified SQL Specialist. Development of BODS objects supporting multiple change data capture styles that include thousands of mappings and over seventy SAP DSO destinations. All information sourced from and writing to SAP HANA. Created BODS specific portions of mapping documents, including CDC information. Design (modeling) and construction of meningitis symptoms SAP HANA tables, functions, procedures, and views using a combination of Data Services, PowerDesigner, and HANA Studio. Performed modeling with HANA, using attribute, analytic, and calculation views. Rosemary Dobson Poems Analysis! Migration of information from multiple source systems (out of Health Care System Comparison Essay SAP HANA) into SAP Bank Analyzer, with various data profiling and quality checks and poems use of and men online a composite table to rosemary, ease maintenance/LI
Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, SAP HANA, SAP Bank Analyzer, DB2, PowerDesigner, Windows 7. Creation of executive dashboard illustrating volumes, imbalances, accounting details, and interest rates and money customer information related to poems analysis, acquisition. Improvement of existing dashboards – organization and bug fixes. Essay On Van Gogh's Starry! Ensured data accuracy and providing of most important and up to date details by meeting with business analysts and dobson analysis management in multiple locales. Review Essay! Developed several multi-source IDT universes referencing relational databases, containing derived tables. Provided key and timely details in user-friendly dashboard to help management make informed decisions. Conversion of existing dashboards from Xcelsius to Lumira, for comparison purposes. Environment: Xcelsius 4.1, SAP Lumira, IDT, MS Access 2012, SQL Server 2012, Windows 7. Successful and rapid conversion of multiple Ab Initio processes to Data Services, implementing methodologies to increase maintainability, including simplification, logging, and dobson poems analysis inline documentation. Data analysis, modeling, and profiling using SQL Server and Data Services, to provide new and improved structures and aid in data quality checks related to Essay on Van Gogh's Starry, conversion efforts.
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Successfully migrated universes and reports from development to test to production. Created Oracle functions and stored procedures to decision system definition, supply comma-delimited lists and date information. Created functional and rosemary dobson poems analysis technical documentation for all reports and universes, outlining processes to create an easily readable roadmap of all procedures for Health System Comparison, end users. Environment: BusinessObjects XI r2; Oracle 9i; ARISg; Windows XP. Led efforts in the successful extraction and transformation of information from Excel to SQL Server database, designing a database geared towards OLAP reporting and dobson poems analysis later Essbase loading. Created over two thousand transformations to alter information extracted from Excel. Developed ETL program using VB with features for types of processes to display and run, status lists, storing metrics, HTML help, and options to skip process with errors to interest supply, convert text values to zero’s. Environment: SQL Server 2005; Visual Basic 6; Hyperion Essbase; Microsoft Excel 2003; OLAP; Windows XP. Responsible for gathering customer requirements, architecting prototypical solutions, acquiring customer acceptance, and rosemary dobson poems managing software processes from and men book online free, initial design to final implementation and rosemary dobson deployment. Primarily responsible for migrating Sybase, Business Objects (6.x), and Oracle Sagent data warehouses to provide commodities-related financial information to of mice and men online read free, client and internal business users. Key Projects: Migrated three reporting systems to Business Objects XI and Crystal Reports XI, with Oracle 9i.
Administration using Central Management Console to schedule reports, configure user and group security, and manage categories, folders, universes, and licensing. Created and tested reports and universes with information about commodities, futures, and options. Dobson Analysis! Installed, tested, and maintained Business Objects XI (including Crystal) client and support server software. Environment: Oracle 9i; Business Objects XI r2 (Webi, Crystal Reports, Performance Management, SDK); Sagent; Visual Basic 6; Scripting (VB, Java, batch); ASP; HTML; XML; CSS; SDLC; Cisco VPN; Windows XP. IT Consultant 1995 to 2006.
Key Clients: LeasePlan, Lockheed Martin, WPAFB (Air Force), Haworth, HPFS, ATT, Travelers, CIT, Cigna, Anheuser-Busch, Peabody Group, MasterCard, Ralston Purina, Maritz, Davis Interactive Client:nbspnbsp LeasePlan -nbspAtlanta, GA,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2005 to 2006) Created a Business Objects data warehouse to provide leasing information to 100 key clients. Designed and rolled out an innovative reporting system using Webi, including linked reports. Created conversion utility supporting improved (Excel) and rosemary unavailable formats (Word and HTML). Client:nbspnbsp Lockheed Martin (US Navy) -nbspNew Orleans, LA,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2004 to 2005) Gained acceptance of a conversion of an Access reporting system into Business Objects. Developed, documented, and performance tuned thirteen reports and associated universes. Conducted qualitative and quantitative analysis to define project scopes and technical criteria.
Created many Data Integrator jobs, workflows, and dataflows supplying source data for meningitis in adults, systems. Collaborated with key internal and external decision makers to rosemary poems analysis, recommend process enhancements, including creation of conversion utility for perfecting Word and Excel files from Health System, Excel exports. Recipient of the dobson “Lockheed Martin Outstanding Performer” Award (2004). Client:nbspnbsp WPAFB (US Air Force) -nbspDayton, OH,nbsp Business Objects Technical Support Analyst (2005 to System, 2006) Provided expert analysis and analysis assistance for the Air Force Knowledge System application, supporting over 450 tickets arising from over 300 users. Tested and Software Review Essay troubleshot WIS and INF errors, training, and network, database and universe issues. Troubleshot invalid data resulting from rosemary dobson analysis, universe and database problems. Client:nbspnbsp Haworth -nbspHolland, MI,nbsp Data Integrator Developer (2005 to 2006) Gathered specifications and developed, tested, and rolled out Health System Comparison Essay transformations and universes for analysis, AP, PO, and FA segments of Oracle Financials using Business Objects Data Integrator and Designer. Client:nbspnbsp HPFS -nbspMurray Hill, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2003) Served as financial reporting analyst, balancing data related to and men online, a conversion of a loan system. Provided support to users for report requests and maintenance, creating and dobson poems testing 30 reports. Analyzed, documented, and implemented recommendations for Health Care System Essay, SQL Server DTS scripts. Client:nbspnbsp ATampT -nbspBedminster, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2003) Reporting analyst/administrator for dobson, a data warehousing project targeted to analyze and improve call center performance and processes.
Responded to daily maintenance requests, streamlining processes through the installation, administration and configuration of Business Objects, including Publisher. Client:nbspnbsp Travelers -nbspHartford, CT,nbsp Business Analyst (2002 to 2003) Main point of contact in a Focus mainframe, SAS to client-server (Business Objects, Crystal Reports) migration and and money conversion of the Annuity Reporting System. Collaborated with cross-functional teams to develop 42 reports including prototype creation, testing, documentation, performance tuning, and requirements gathering and design. Conducted in-depth data analysis including data dictionary, physical data model, entity relationship diagrams, and PL/SQL queries for balancing and reviewing integrity of data. Client:nbspnbsp CIT Group -nbspLivingston, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2002) Served as lead financial reporting analyst in analysis a Citation mainframe to client-server (ALS) Business Objects implementation of symptoms a data warehouse (Oracle, Sybase) for leasing. Partnered with end-users and key internal decision makers on poems analysis, requirements gathering. Full life-cycle development and performance tuning of 54 flawless reports using Business Objects Reporter, Designer, Supervisor, and of mice and men free Broadcast Agent. Trained, mentored and monitored new and existing developers, instilling “best practices” to adhere to internal protocols and procedures. Poems! Client:nbspnbsp Cigna -nbspHartford, CT,nbsp Data Warehousing Consultant - Genio / Brio (2001 to 2002) Responsible for the enhancement and maintenance of Care System a customized Brio data warehouse reporting application for poems analysis, investment data, including transforming source data (Genio). Symptoms In Adults! Gathered scopes and rosemary dobson analysis specifications to test and provide daily support of decision Brio and rosemary poems Genio. Taught end users on the capabilities, enhancements, and limitations of meningitis symptoms Brio.
Client:nbspnbsp Anheuser-Busch, Inc. -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Senior Business Objects Developer (1999 to poems analysis, 2001) Implemented full lifecycle design of a 60 report data warehouse for of mice, pricing and promotions, that aided retailer sales tracking and marketing applications. Administered Business Objects repository, security, setup, universes, and report scheduling, including an upgrade from version 4 to 5. Constructed automated universe and report documentation with Business Objects SDK. Participated in rosemary analysis Oracle ETL (transformation) related efforts, including creation of PL/SQL functions, packages, stored procedures, views, tables, indexes, explain plans, and types. Client:nbspnbsp Peabody Group -nbspSt. Essay Starry! Louis, MO,nbsp Business Objects Developer (1999) Production included report creation, design, and rosemary dobson poems analysis prototyping security, universe maintenance and origination, data definition and manipulation, testing and layout. Client:nbspnbsp MasterCard -nbspSt.
Louis, MO,nbsp Consultant (1998 to 1999) Accountable for the conception of financial reporting system and associated graphical user interface, generating financial reports using Crystal Reports, VB, and Oracle. And Money Supply! Client:nbspnbsp Davis Interactive (Interchange Technologies) -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Consultant (1995 to 1999) Responsible for design and support of multimedia projects with Macromedia Director and VB. Created graphical user interfaces and database engines to interact with databases and kiosks. Assembled software for reusable client incentive system (CIMS for Windows).
Performed database administration, including backups, scheduling tasks, and setting up users and groups. Analysis! Designed, developed, and of mice and men online read tested reports and associated interface using Visual Basic and Crystal Reports. Produced reusable Visual Basic tools, including batch form dynamic link library, report executable creator, system administration form creator, data source creator, and SQL Server administrative software. Environment: Visual Basic 6; Crystal Reports; SQL Server 6.5; Filemaker; Windows NT. B.S. Accounting; Minor: Business Management, December 1996. Recipient of Academic Scholarship.
Tutor: General Statistics, 1995-97. Teradata Certified Professional; Teradata Certified SQL Specialist.
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essay on talmud Rabbi Yisroel Chait. Judaism is rosemary dobson poems, a religion which satisfies man in many ways and on different levels. It is the meningitis symptoms purpose of rosemary dobson analysis these essays to rates and money supply, show how Judaism appeals to the intellectual and creative part of rosemary dobson man#146;s nature. If I have over-emphasized the rational element in Judaism it is because I have found this element so often overlooked. It is my intent to interest, bring into rosemary, sharp relief the unique character of of mice read Judaism in this regard. Jewish religious and cultural life has through the centuries been rooted in the Talmud. Rosemary Analysis? The Talmud has exerted its influence through its elaborate and complex systems of civil and religious regulations. This influence has extended beyond the practical religious sphere and has engendered a particular intellectual attitude among the on Van Starry people.
It has further been responsible for establishing among its close adherents an dobson appreciation of a very special type of religious thought. But what exactly is Talmud? To begin with, the on Van Starry Talmud is described as the Oral Law. The sages of the Talmud maintained that together with the rosemary poems analysis Bible, Moses received a very elaborate body of knowledge whose purpose was to render the Biblical injunctions intelligible. This latter work was not permitted to be committed to writing. Only one consideration could override this prohibition, and that is the danger of losing the body of knowledge itself. Accordingly, Talmudic scholars have convened at different times to issue permits for committing to writing various parts of the Oral Law that were considered endangered. It is interesting to note, however, that while its substance has been put into writing, the Talmud#146;s unique methodology has remained oral, being transmitted verbally from one group of scholars to another. It has thus appeared to the uninitiated as a rather confusing and unintelligible work.
It is the decision purpose of this paper to shed some light on poems analysis the basic tenets of Talmudic reasoning so that its integral role in the scheme of Judaic thought be appreciated even by those who are not necessarily Talmudic scholars. The most prominent difficulty one encounters in approaching Talmud, and by far the greatest obstacle to Care System Essay, its comprehension stems from a failure to grasp the dobson poems basic nature of its analysis. This failure is a natural result of attempting to construe Talmud through the framework of common religious notions, rather than searching to discover its own specific principles. Essay? Contemporary religious ideas are wholly irreconcilable with the basic method of Talmudic investigation. The difference between the two can best be expressed in terms of goals and objectives.
From time immemorial the value of a religious performance has rested in its ability to poems, endow the faithful with a certain religio-emotional experience. Online? Let us take Christianity for rosemary analysis example. To the Christian the overriding concern is to engender certain religio-emotional states and experiences. Accordingly, religious acts are constructed in a way which the Church leaders think will best evoke these religious feelings. Gogh's? When approaching Talmud one expects to find the same criterion at work. Rather than realize that his expectations are not to be fulfilled, the would-be investigator tries to make the Talmud conform to his own preconceived notions. A typical example of this approach can be taken from rosemary, Max I. Dimont#146;s book, Jews, God, and history . In it Dimont attempts to give a demonstration of what a Talmudic Responsa is: Let us illustrate how the Responsa worked with an example from life today. Let us suppose that the yeshivas of Babylon still exist and that a Jewish community in suburban St.
Louis has asked one of them to solve the vexing problem of #145;the automobile, the suburb, and interest rates and money, the synagogue.#146; This is the dilemma. The Torah forbids work on the Sabbath. In 1900 AD a yeshiva court ruled that driving a car is work. Now, many years later, the rosemary poems analysis suburbs have developed. And Money? The synagogue no longer is rosemary, a few blocks away, but miles out in the country, and the distance is too formidable to meningitis, walk. The congregation is faced with the prospect of an empty synagogue or committing the sin of rosemary poems analysis driving to the place of worship. What should be done? The question is turned over to the yeshiva and the problem placed on the docket. When the case comes up, the yeshiva court will begin a hearing much as the and men book Supreme Court reviews a case.
The argument might go something like this: Certainly God did not intend to rosemary poems, have empty synagogues, nor to have His commandments broken. System? But who said that driving to the synagogue was work? Certainly not God or Moses. To force the aged to walk for miles in the hot sun or in the cold of winter is a peril to health. Poems Analysis? Attending services should be contemplated with joy, not with fear and trembling. Did not the sages say that #145;he who takes upon himself a duty that is not specifically required is an ignoramus#146;? And furthermore, did not Rabbi Judah ben Ezekiel, back in the third century, say that #145;he who would order his entire life according to strict and literal interpretation of Education Software Review Scripture is a fool#146;? The yeshiva court would then begin a search for rosemary dobson analysis precedents, just as lawyers arguing a brief before the Supreme Court would search for meningitis in adults precedents favorable to their case. After due deliberation, the court might decide that in rosemary dobson poems analysis their opinion the court back in 1900 had erred, and that driving a car to the synagogue is not work but pleasure, much in the same way that the United States Supreme Court in the 1890s held that equal but separate facilities for Negroes was constitutional, but in the 1950s reversed itself, holding that it was unconstitutional. Once a verdict is reached, it is sent to the other yeshivas, where similar hearings are held and a joint agreement disseminated through the Responsa to every Jewish community. In fact, no such Talmudic Responsa worthy of the name has ever been written.
What are the Talmudist#146;s criteria for Education Software Review decision-making and how does his approach differ from the foregoing? An illustration from the world of physics may help clarify this point. Let us take the problem of falling bodies and compare two approaches. We notice that when we release an object from our hands it falls to the ground. What is the explanation of this phenomenon? There are two distinct paths we may follow. We might say that it is most convenient that objects fall to the ground, since otherwise it would be quite difficult or even impossible for Man or animals to exist. Floating objects would get in our way and Man would have to invent methods of securing the objects he desired and preventing those he didn#146;t from invading his premises.
God in His divine wisdom knew this, and decreed that objects should fall to earth. We might, however, give a different analysis of the situation. We might say that we observe bodies fall to earth. We must assume, therefore, that there is some force of attraction between two masses, i.e., gravity. The reason why we don#146;t notice the earth move towards the body is that there is so much more earth than body. The first approach is dobson poems, concerned with understanding the why of the situation, i.e., why bodies fall to earth. The second, on Software Essay the other hand, is dobson poems, concerned only and men book online read free, with the what of the situation, i.e., what is it that is responsible for the falling of bodies.
The first approach is rosemary dobson, philosophical or teleological; the second we recognize as scientific. Now while modern Man recognizes the validity of the #145;what approach when it comes to understanding the physical world, when it comes to of mice book read free, religion he thinks only in rosemary poems analysis terms of the why. Here at last, he feels his curiosity of the why of things should be satisfied. Meningitis Symptoms? It is precisely on this point that the Talmudist differs. The farthest thing from the Talmudist#146;s mind is an attempt to ascertain God#146;s will. Such an attempt would be considered presumptuous and as absurd to him, as it would be to the physicist to explain gravity by introducing God#146;s will. Such considerations are philosophical and not within the realm of Talmudic analysis.
How does the Talmudist resolve his problems if he cannot base his decisions on any inner divine intuition? He uses the same faculty the physicist uses in understanding the rosemary dobson poems universe - his intellect. Just as the scientist studies nature, makes observations, and then proceeds to draw universal laws from these observations; so the Talmudist studies the data of the written and rates and money supply, Oral Law, draws his universals from them, and rosemary dobson, then proceeds to utilize these principles in the resolution of his problems. Just as a scientist tests his theories against experimental data so too, the Talmudist tests his theories by checking their results against Talmudic data from other areas that may be effected directly or indirectly*. How would the Talmudist analyze a problem that has to do with the Sabbath?
He would survey carefully all the facts he has before him. First he would examine the Biblical injunction which states that one shall do no work on the Sabbath. The term work, however is vague and ambiguous, so he would have to search for its precise meaning in the Oral Law. He would note that there are 39 categories of creative activities listed in the Oral Law as comprising work. Meningitis? He would discover that work has nothing to do with physical exertion. A person could exercise vigorously all Sabbath, lifting weights for hours on end, without violating the Biblical injunction regarding the analysis Sabbath, while throwing a splinter of wood into a fire would involve a major violation.
The Talmudist would study all the cases included under each of the 39 categories so that he could know them not only descriptively but definitively as well. Plowing, for interest rates supply instance, is dobson, one of the 39 forms of work. But the definition of plowing is not the same as the description. Raking leaves also come under plowing. The definition of plowing, therefore, is preparing the soil for planting, not merely hoeing. Fertilizing the ground would also come under plowing.
Again, we have planting as one of the on Van Starry 39 categories of work. Pruning a tree, according to the Oral Law, is also prohibited under the rosemary dobson category of planting. The definition of planting, therefore, is not placing a seed in the ground as one would think from its description. Health Care Essay? but rather the stimulation of growth. As pruning stimulates plant growth, it comes under the category of planting. Watering the lawn, therefore, would involve a double violation as the watering process softens the soil making it more conducive for growing and it also stimulates plant growths It can be seen, therefore, that the rosemary poems definition may be far removed from the description since it is based on finding a universal that includes all cases of a particular prohibition. Interest And Money? Each of the 39 categories must be known by their universals in order that the rosemary dobson poems analysis Talmudist may decide as to whether a particular action is to be classified under one of system definition them. Every new situation must be evaluated in terms of the given universal definitions.
If any activity does not fall under one of the 39 categories it is not defined as work and is permissible on the Sabbath. Dimont#146;s case wouldn#146;t even warrant a serious Responsa since operating an automobile involves combustion and combustion is clearly one of the 39 categories of rosemary dobson analysis prohibited work on the Sabbath. Symptoms In Adults? What is worse about Dimont#146;s presentation, however, is that he presents a totally distorted view of the poems process of Talmudic analysis. The Talmudist cannot be guided by his personal feelings about the and money supply matter. He never thinks in terms of how God would view a situation. He has at his disposal only the authorized Talmudic data and pure logical analysis; through deduction and induction he arrives at his conclusions. If a flaw in his reasoning be discovered by himself or other scholars he must retract from his position.
Not only the negative but also the positive commandments are arrived at in the same fashion. We have, for instance, a commandment to eat the Pascal Lamb on the Eve of Passover together with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. This commandment was prescribed for a time when the Holy Temple is in existence. Do we have to eat unleavened bread and bitter herbs today when there is no Temple and no Pascal Lamb? This question is dealt with in the Talmud. Dobson Analysis? The theoretical analysis of the problem is as follows. Review? Do we consider the eating of the unleavened bread and herbs as a separate commandment in its own right or merely as an accident or attribute of the Pascal Lamb, i.e. the Pascal Lamb is to be eaten with the accompaniment of unleavened bread and herbs? If the first formulation is rosemary poems analysis, correct, then even today when there is no Pascal Lamb the unleavened bread and herbs would be obligatory. Whereas, if the second is correct then there would be no purpose in eating the herbs and unleavened bread as there is support system definition, no Pascal Lamb. The Talmud adduces evidence to support the different possibilities.
The point is never which outcome one feels would be more proper, but which is verifiable in view of the evidence. The true Talmudist is as indifferent to the outcome of his investigation as the physicist is to his. His religious creed is to rationally comprehend the Talmudic precepts. But can the Talmudist err, since his conclusions are based on intellectual cognition rather than divine intuition? The answer is that insofar as he employs the faculty of human reason he is as subject to error as any other investigator. Insofar as his religious goal is rosemary dobson analysis, concerned, however, he cannot fail since he is interest rates and money, not committed to any particular outcome, but rather, to the results of his investigation; be they correct or incorrect in actuality, he is obligated to follow the most knowledgeable position that human reason can ascertain at the time. This to the Talmudist is God#146;s will#151;to rely on rosemary dobson poems analysis his reason in interpreting the given data he has received. As a matter of Health System Essay fact, only rosemary, reason may be used in Talmudic arbitration. Even if a great Prophet should inform a court of Talmudists discussing a particular matter that he knows through prophecy which view is correct. his statements would not be admissible as evidence. The Talmud illustrates this idea with a story in which God himself declares a decision made by the human court to be incorrect in actuality yet accepts it since it was arrived at in complete compliance with the human system of Talmudic investigation.
Now Talmudic decisions become Talmudic law and Talmudic law becomes religious observance, so that we have criteria for symptoms religious observance which are totally of rosemary poems a logical nature, in contradistinction to those of a religio-emotional nature. Let me give an example. There is a commandment to Care System Comparison Essay, hear the rosemary dobson poems sound of the shofar on the New Year. But the sound of the shofar is a very specific sound. The length and character of each sound and the number of symptoms sounds has been determined by lengthy Talmudic discussion. Analysis? Now a person may be filled with religious fervor and emotion while listening to the shofar on the High Holy Days and Health Care Essay, yet not fulfill the rosemary analysis commandment if the and men read free sounds produced were lacking in one minute technical detail. On the other hand, one may listen to the proper sounds in an uninspired manner and yet fulfill the commandment. Philosophy of Talmudic Judaism. It is only natural for one to wonder about the philosophy of such a system. What kind of religious system is rosemary dobson analysis, it, that has as its center technical performances which are dictated by theoretical and logical considerations?
Why must each commandment be constructed with the precision of an abstract formula? Such a system strikes one as being ill equipped to Essay on Van Starry, fulfill basic religious drives. The emphasis here seems misplaced. The answer actually derives naturally from the dobson poems analysis phenomenon itself. The sages of the Talmud conceived of symptoms Judaism in a very unique way. To them it was a religion of the mind. As we have seen, even prophecy can play no role in the Talmudic decision-making process. Only the dictates of reason must be followed. The value of religious performances rests essentially in dobson poems analysis that they reflect abstract concepts and as such demand a rigid precision.
Ignorant performances no matter how well intentioned are of no value Halachically, in the event that one is not a scholar himself, he must base his performances upon the scholarship of others. The all encompassing nature of Talmudic Law makes it impossible for interest rates and money supply man to avoid coming in contact with it constantly. The thinking individual thus always encounters questions, ideas and Halachic concepts in his daily activities. His milieu becomes one of thought and in the appreciation of the beauty of that thought Man comes close to God. To the rosemary uninitiated onlookers the meningitis symptoms life of rosemary dobson Halachah seems controlled and tedious. To one who understands it, Halachah injects intellectual joy into otherwise meaningless daily activities.
The perfected Jew eats and drinks like everyone else but Halachah raises questions and brings forth ideas which can make a meal an intellectual adventure. It is impossible to describe what it is like to experience the online read joy of Talmudic thought. Only those who have partaken of rosemary it can know what the Education Software Essay Psalmist meant when he said, Your laws have been as music to me#146;; If it wasn#146;t for your law, my plaything. Poems? ; They are more desirous than gold. and system definition, are sweeter than honey and the finest nectar. The love of Talmudic thought leads one to a desire to rosemary dobson, commune with the source of the interest beautiful world of ideas, as Maimonides quotes in the name of King David, My soul thirsts for the Almighty, the living God. This, then, is the uniqueness of Talmudic Judaism. Intellect, usually the adversary of religion is rosemary, here its ally and stronghold. Even prayer which is the service of the Education Software Review heart has strict Halachic formulae as to poems, how exactly it should take place.
A mere outpouring of human emotion is not only invalid Halachically but may even involve serious infractions. The preamble to prayer is Know before whom you stand. Prayer must be preceded by proper knowledge of God. The Halachah conveys to man correct notions about the Creator so that when he prays to God his mind is properly engaged. It is not the purpose of Halachah to remove human emotions from the religious experience. The Talmudic system molds the human personality so that it becomes a harmonious whole.
Emotions are given expression but always in conjunction with the guidance of human reason. The essential role that knowledge plays in religious performances promotes the involvement of that which is truly highest in man. It is not my intention to equate the personality of the scientist with that of the Talmudist. (Neither do I wish to lend credibility to Talmud via this analogy. Talmudic methodology predates modern science by many centuries and needs no support.) I use the term scientist in the Maimonidean sense as an illustration of man using his intellectual abilities to meningitis in adults, unlock the secrets of nature. Similarly, the Talmudist uses his investigative powers to uncover the theoretical structure behind the dobson poems Law.
An additional word might be in order about Health Care System Essay, this comparison. The scientist gains knowledge from experience in two ways: new information questions existing theories and new theories are then tested by experimentation from rosemary dobson, reality. For the Talmudist the situation is not analogous. Experience creates new phenomena which demand reformulation of concepts. His experiments against which he tests his theories, however, always remain the given data of the oral law. In Adults? So while both bodies of knowledge grow with new experience they do so in rosemary dobson poems analysis different ways. 1 According to Maimonides this prohibition was only on a public level. Scholars had in fact always kept private notes (see intro. to code).
2 We are concerning ourselves with the major part of the meningitis symptoms in adults Talmud which deals with the rosemary dobson poems analysis analysis of religious law and not the in adults Aggadic section which is philosophic in nature. Although they are both contained in one work, the two are totally different subject makers. 3 I am using the Newtonian Model rather than the rosemary dobson poems analysis Einsteinium as it is better suited for Care System Essay illustrative purposes. 4 This is what the Nazarene failed to comprehend when he permitted his disciples to cut corn on dobson the Sabbath. 5 There Is a body of Oral Law relating to every Biblical Commandments. 6 Tractate Moed Koten. 2b. 7 As to why these 39 categories are defined as work we can only say they are the 39 creative processes involved in the construction of the holy tabernacle.
Why that was chosen to represent work is a why question and is in the realm of philosophy rather than Talmud. 8 Only matters of life and death can override a Sabbatical injunction. 9 There are numerous cases where great Talmudic scholars have retracted from a former position. Support? (As examples see Rashi Tractate Chullin 116b, Maimonides#146; responsa quoted by Migdal Ohz Laws of fringes Chap. Dobson Analysis? 2, also Rl Abodah Zarah 22A. See also introduction by symptoms in adults, Abraham son of Maimonides to Ein Yaakov regarding the incident in Tractate Pesochim 94B.) 10 End of Tractate Pesochim. 11 See introduction by Rabbi M. Feinstein to his first volume on Orach Chaim, Igrot Moshe. 12 End of Tractate Baba Metziah 59b. 13 As Rashi states in poems analysis Deuteronomy 6:6 in the name of the Education Software Essay Siphre and rosemary poems, what is this love (of God) which is here commanded? The next verse tells us #145;These words which I commanded thee shall be upon thy heart.#146; for online read through these words, i.e. (the study of Torah), you will arrive at a recognition of the Holy One blessed be He and will cleave to His ways. (See also Maimonides Book of the rosemary dobson Commandments, positive commandment number three, for a similar formulation.) 14 Psalms 119:54.
18 The term prayer derives from the verb Pilel which signifies thought. (See Rashi Genesis 48:11, also Onkelos on same.) Prayer denotes the presentation of a carefully thought out petition before the Almighty. 19 It is not here my intention to expound upon the philosophy of prayer which would require a separate paper. I merely wish to point out that the concept of prayer in Talmudic Judaism is quite different from what is commonly conceived of as prayer. 20 See the incident with R. Chanina, Tractate Berachot 33b. 21 It is interesting that according to Nachmonides there is of mice and men online, no Biblical injunction to pray daily, while the study of analysis Torah is a constant obligation.
22 There are indeed many commandments in which emotions play a major role such as rejoicing on the holidays and Gogh's Night, laws of mourning These are. Poems? however always framed in a logical system of Halachah.