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British people - Wikipedia

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British people - Wikipedia

Calcul de la stabilité de la digue en terre du barrage Tine et interprétations données d'aucultation. What! par Mvondo Mvogo Alexandre Désiré Patrick hy. Distance! Ecole polytechnique de Sousse - Diplôme national d'ingénieur de génie civil 2012. What Is British! Rapport de Projet de Fin d'Etudes. Copyright Uk! CALCUL DE LA STABILITE DE LA DIGUE EN TERRE DU BARRAGE. What Is British! TINE ET INTERPRETATION DES DONNEES D'AUSCULTATION. Communist Scare! Patrick hyveteau Ngandjui. What Is British! Direction Générale des Barrages et des Grands Travaux.

Année Universitaire : 2011/2012. e projet du barrage Tine rentre dans le cadre du système de mobilisation des eaux. Essay! du nord Tunisien (SMEN), il a pour objet de régulariser les apports de l?oued Tine, de répondre aux besoins croissants de l?eau dans tous les domaines de l?économie. What Is British! en Tunisie et ce depuis le début des années 90. Copyright! C?est une retenue destinée à stocker les eaux de l?oued Tine. Ces eaux ainsi mobilisées seront convoyées vers le nord et injectées dans les secteurs de l?économie comme l?irrigation, l?agriculture ou la consommation urbaine dans le système SMEN. What Is British! L?édification de cet ouvrage complexe et délicat nécessite, à priori, une analyse minutieuse de plusieurs paramètres intérieurs et extérieurs à l?ouvrage afin de garantir sa sécurité vis-à-vis à la rupture. Dealing! Son étude a nécessité les phases de : la reconnaissance générale du site, l?analyse des données hydrologiques et hydrauliques, les études géotechniques et les choix des différents matériaux. Is British! Le calcul de la stabilité (talus et fondation) et surtout sa surveillance tout le long de sa vie sont des taches d?une extreme délicatesse et demandent des moyens colossaux pour prévoir des catastrophes. Exploratory! Ainsi, d?une manière générale, ce travail proposé comportera : + Une phase de présentation de la zone de l?étude et des principales données de base du projet à savoir : l?environnement du projet, l?hydrologie, la géologie ou la géotechnique ; + Une analyse de la stabilité des talus par Talren (méthode de Bishop) ; + Une phase de la simulation du comportement du barrage par la méthode des éléments finis (Solvia) ; + Et une étude de l?interprétation des données d?auscultation du barrage en construction.

Au final, la conclusion générale portera sur une vision exhaustive du travail proposé. What Is British! e travail qui va suivre est dit de culture générale, le pratiquant appréciera à juste. Communist Scare! titre la tâche ardue qui se présente au concepteur des ouvrages hydrauliques de. Is British! retenue en fonction de plusieurs paramètres, complexes et variables en majorité liés les uns des autres. De méme il en jugera de par sa culture, après réalisation de l?ouvrage, de la nécessité de pouvoir les entretenir. Define Substantive Equality! Car la vie des milliers de personnes, des infrastructures, l?économie des régions et méme des pays tout entier en sont tributaires. Is British! En somme, dans cette partie, qui comporte les chapitre I et II, nous développerons le thème des types de barrages et en fin, nous allons ouvrir un pan de la pathologie des barrages. Communist Scare! Depuis le début de l?existence de l?homme, l?eau a toujours été au centre et méme vecteur du développement des pays, notamment dans les domaines de l?agriculture, l?urbanisation, l?hygiène, la protection contre les inondations. Is British! Le développement d'un réseau de canaux exige la réalisation de réservoirs (barrages) très importants à l'échelle de l'époque.

Jusqu'à l'arrivée des chemins de fer, les canaux fournirent en effet le seul moyen de transport de masse nécessaire à l'industrie naissante. Distance Index! Photo I.1 : Barrage romain de Cornalvo en Espagne. I.2 Terminologie des barrages en terre: Un barrage est un ouvrage d'art construit en travers d'un cours d'eau et destiné à réguler le débit de celui-ci et/ou à en stocker l'eau pour différents usages tels que : contrôle des crues, irrigation, industrie, hydroélectricité, pisciculture, réserve d'eau potable ou le trafic fluvial. What Is British! En somme c?est un étendue d?eau créée artificiellement par l?homme et pour l?homme, à usage surtout économique. Power Distance Index! Figure I.1 : Vue générale d'un Barrage en terre. What Is British! La capacité d?un ouvrage de génie civil à remplir les rôles et fonctions pour lesquels il a été conçu est appelée la performance.

Les performances d?un système de génie civil sont amenées à évoluer durant son exploitation le long de sa vie : les fonctions initialement prévues lors de la construction peuvent être modifiées volontairement par l?exploitant ou encore accidentellement par des événements extérieurs naturels et des dégradations pouvant perturber ses fonctions initiales. Abortion! Trois principales causes peuvent provoquer les chutes de performances : · Le vieillissement de l?infrastructure ; · Les causes humaines s?exerçant par erreur ; · Les causes extérieures prévues ou imprévues ; Dans ce chapitre, nous allons étudier les concepts généraux permettant au pratiquant de bien cerner le sujet qui est la détection des chutes des performances et la pathologie des barrages en remblai. Les pathologies des barrages sont des problèmes graves qui menacent la stabilité de ces derniers. Is British! Elles peuvent être des conséquences diverses, conjuguées et complexes. Exploratory Essay:! Ce sont des défauts de fonctionnement des vannes permettant l?évacuation des crues ou bien d?un vice de conception, de construction ou de matériaux. What! Ce sont des crues exceptionnelles, d?intensité supérieure à celle retenue pour le. Equality! dimensionnement des ouvrages évacuateurs, appelée crue de projet. What! Le niveau de sécurité retenue est généralement compris entre la crue millénaire et la crue déca millénaire ; les barrages en remblai ne supportent pas la submersion et sont donc plus vulnérables aux débordements.

La phase de chantier pour les barrages en construction est une période sensible aux risques de crue, car les ouvrages d'évacuation ne sont pas encore opérationnels. Communist Scare! On citera, des études préalables pas poussées, contrôle d'exécution insuffisant, erreurs d'exploitation, défaut de surveillance et d'entretien ou encore actes de malveillance, sabotage, attentat, guerre. What! Le risque de rupture brusque et inopinée est considéré comme très faible, voire nul. Power Index! La situation de rupture paraît plutôt liée à une évolution plus ou moins rapide d'une dégradation de l'ouvrage susceptible d'être détectée par la surveillance et l'auscultation. What! II.2.2.1 Etat critique de la submersion (cas du barrage de fergoug Algérie). La rupture du barrage Fergoug, montre que les premiers barrages ont connu des problèmes de conception du fait que les techniques de réalisations des barrages n?étaient pas alors maîtrisées. Essay About Effects Of Fast Food! Photo II.1 : Le barrage de Fergoug en 1907 avant la rupture et en déversement. Is British! Photo II.2 : Le barrage de Fergoug après la catastrophe de 1928 ; et après la reconstruction en 1986. Power Distance! II.2.2.2 Etat critique de l'érosion régressive (cas du barrage Teton aux états unis). What Is British! Plusieurs accidents provoqués par l?érosion, parmi les exemples les plus connus Sont à la rupture du barrage Téton.

Le barrage de Teton est été situé sur la rivière de Teton, trois milles de nord-est de Newdale, Idaho (U.S.A). Define Equality! Il a été conçu pour fournir la commande d'inondation, la production d'électricité, et l'irrigation pour plus de 40.000 hectares de champs. Photo II.3: Vue sur le barrage de Teton (USA) avant et après rupture. What Is British! - Les informations sur le site et les études géologiques étaient inappropriées et étendues ; - Les roches volcaniques de site sont «fortement perméables ; - La présence des sols argileux légèrement plastiques, est fortement érodables ; - Le remplissage rapide du barrage n?a pas contribué à la rupture. Define Substantive Equality! Si le barrage avait été rempli plus lentement, une rupture semblable se serait produit à une certaine date ultérieure. Is British! -Il n'y avait pas assez d'instruments dans le barrage pour fournir des Informations proportionnées au sujet des états de changement du remblai et des butées ; - L'infiltration par le matériel pourrait avoir causée l'érosion en arrière ; - L'érosion par le contact direct pourrait être produite, où l'eau était en contact avec les joints ouverts ; - La cause fondamentale de la rupture peut être considérée comme une combinaison des facteurs géologiques et des décisions de conception. The Negative Effects! II.2.2.3 Etat critiques de l'absence de l'information hydrologique. What Is British! L?insuffisance des données hydrologiques et la surestimation des informations entraînent l?échec de réalisation d?un ouvrage pour le besoin de l?être humain.

Cette courbe représente l'évolution du taux de défaillance instantané en fonction du temps. Communist Scare! Elle se divise en 3 parties: jeunesse, maturité et vieillesse de l?ouvrage. Figure II.1: courbe baignoire représente le taux de défailance instantané de l'ouvrage. What Is British! C?est un état qui correspond à la période proche de la mise en fonctionnement et possède une probabilité importante de défaillances: les causes possibles sont un défaut de réalisation, la mise en place des réglages et des corrections permet de remédier à certains désagréments nuisibles. Communist Scare! Elle correspond à la période où le système est arrivé en période de fonctionnement normal et dont l'usure ne se fait pas ressentir possède la plus faible probabilité de défaillance de la vie de l?ouvrage. Is British! C?est une période qui correspond à la période où l'usure commence à être importante et qui voit la probabilité de défaillance augmentée. Equality! C?est ouvrage souple, entièrement en terre, à cause de plusieurs paramètres donc le plus fondamental est son sol d?appui qui est médiocre et composé d?argiles. Is British! III.2 Localisation du barrage TINE (Figure III.1) Le site du Projet du barrage sur l?oued Tine est localisé en République de Tunisie ; Gouvernorat de Bizerte, délégation de Mateur ; environ 23 km de la ville de Mateur par la route d?Oued Zerga (R.R. 56). In Malay! Figure III.1: Localisation du barrage TINE dans le gouvernorat de Bizerte. Is British! Une mesure de la vulnérabilité des barrages peut dépendre de ses facteurs intrinsèques, en particulier pour le Barrage Tine on about aura : a) Caractéristiques propres/intrinsèques du barrage à savoir : - La hauteur : 21.7 m ; - Le type de barrage : barrage en remblai homogène ; - Le type de fondation : fondation souple ; - Et la capacité de stockage : 34 millions de m 3. What Is British! b) Facteurs externes liés au barrage: - - l?âge : en cours de construction ; - - adéquation de l?évacuateur de crue ; - - facteur de sécurité de mouvement de masse. About Effects Of Fast Food! * NB : l'érosion interne et l'infiltration ne sont pas incluses dans cette mesure de paramqtres de conception à cause de l'absence de l'information.

III.4 Les objectifs à atteindre par ce barrage. What! -Régulariser les apports propres de Tine en vue de leur utilisation pour l?irrigation des périmètres agricoles, -Utilisation des eaux du barrage dans le cadre du système de mobilisation des eaux du nord par leur transfert pour l?alimentation en eau potable. Distance Index! Les eaux ainsi captées dans la retenue sont conduits à travers une partie de la galerie de vidange de fond du barrage et collectées dans une conduite métallique de 0 1000mm posée sur des berceaux en béton jusqu?à la chambre de manoeuvre. Is British! Elles seront acheminées vers la conduite Sejnane - Joumine- Medjerda qui fait partie du système de mobilisation des eaux du nord. III.5 Description de l'ouvrage. Power Index! (annexe 1) Les caractéristiques de l?ouvrage sont données en annexe 1 de la troisième partie de ce document. Is British! Ces données concernent sa géométrie et ses capacités hydrauliques. Fair Copyright! C?est la science qui étudie le climat de l?environnement immédiat du projet . Is British! L?objectif principal de cette partie est l?évaluation des différents paramètres de la climatologie permettant la caractérisation du bassin versant de l?oued TINE ; Les données météorologiques ont été relevées grace à plusieurs postes d?observation dans le gouvernorat de Bizerte.

III.6.2 Etudes de l'environnement du barrage. La température moyenne annuelle de l?air dans la région envisagée est de 17,5°C. Distance! Les maxima et les minima absolus de la température sont respectivement de 50,2°C et de - 3,5°C. Is British! 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. Exploratory Essay: Abortion! Figure III.2 : Températures en fonction des mois dans le site du projet. Is British! Les précipitations ont tendance à augmenter avec l?altitude et diminuer avec l?éloignement de la mer et sont fonctions du relief et la circulation de l?air dans la région du projet. Les paramètres statistiques des précipitations annuelles au droit des postes d?observation sont répertoriés à la figure III.3. Define Equality! precipitations en mm. What! 50 9 20 94 234 330 115 165 70 70 39 109. Communist Scare! Altitudes des postes d'observation en m. What Is British! Figure III.3 : Variation des Précipitations en fonction de l'altitude. Attachment! Dans le bassin de l?oued Tine, la pluviométrie moyenne annuelle recueillie au poste hydrométrique fait 518 mm, celle au site du futur barrage étant de 534 mm Ces valeurs sont définies sur la base des observations pluriannuelles et de la carte des précipitations de la Direction des Ressources Hydrauliques . Is British! La pluviométrie moyenne annuelle au droit du site du barrage en projet fait 480mm. Define Substantive Equality! Les précipitations annuelles de différentes probabilités sont illustrées dans la figure III.4. Is British! 5 10 20 50 80 90 100.

Probabilité de précipitaion dans le bassin. Substantive Equality! Probabilité de pécipitation au site du. Is British! Hauteurs des precipitations. Substantive! Figure III.4 : Probabilités des précipitations annuelles. What Is British! Ho=518mm précipitation dans le bassin de l?oued Tine et 480, Précipitations au site du barrage. Exploratory Essay: Abortion! Cv = 0,22 bassin de l?oued et site du projet. Cs= 0,44 bassin de l?oued et site du projet. What! Hauteur des precipitations, 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. Essay About Of Fast Food! Précipitation en mm Précipitation en % Figure III.5 : La répartition des précipitations par saison.

Selon les données recueillies à la station de météo de Tinja, assimilables à celle du site du barrage TINE, l?évaporation est donnée par la figure III.6. What! 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. Substantive! Figure III.6 : Variation de l'évaporation du site aquatique du projet. What Is British! III.7.1 Renseignements sur la connaissance géologique de la région. Communist Scare! (figure III.7 : carte géologie du site du barrage Tine). Is British! Le territoire de l?aménagement est couvert d?un levé géologique au 1/50.000. Fair! La description stratigraphique et tectonique de la zone du projet est basée sur la carte géologique régionale du barrage établie par la Direction des Mines. L?étude de la formation des roches (lithologie) et celle de la structure et des soulèvements de l'écorce terrestre (tectonique) influent sur les fondations des ouvrages en projet et un large développement des processus exogènes ont défini la nature des prospections et leurs volumes. What Is British! III.7.2 Structure géologique et Sismicité du site du projet.

Les études faites par le professeur Rothe et une équipe de scientifiques tunisiens ont permis, sur la base de l?analyse des séismes destructeurs enregistrés en Afrique du Nord durant la période de 410 à 1990, de dresser la carte de zonation sismique du territoire tunisien. Essay About The Negative Effects Of Fast! Conformément à ces études, la valeur d?accélération horizontale retenue en Tunisie pour les calculs statiques de la stabilité des barrages est égale à 0,1g. What Is British! III.7.3 Caractéristique géologique de l'emprise. Communist Scare! Les reconnaissances complexes in what, situ et les essais de laboratoire ont été entrepris durant 2002-2003,permettant ainsi de pouvoir évaluer les propriétés du site du projet. Attachment! Elles étaient composées de : · sondages avec carottage ; · creusement des puits ; Les essais ayant été effectués au Laboratoire de la Mécanique des Sols de la Direction Générale des Barrages.

III.7.4 Conditions hydrogéologiques du site du barrage. What Is British! La zone du barrage occupe la partie large de la vallée de l?oued Tine dans son cour médian. Exploratory Abortion! L?élargissement y atteint 350m. What! Le site traverse la vallée en biais. Attachment In Malay! La largeur du lit majeur en bras multiples, étant de 270 m environ dans l?axe du barrage le matériau argileux se trouvant dans tout le site du barrage a une capacité d?infiltration qui varie avec le temps donc les saisons. What! Get aspect des choses est visualisé dans la figure ci-dessous (Figure III.8). Communist Scare! 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. Is British! Figure III.8:pertes par infiltration au site du projet en fonction de temps (mois). Index! A la suite de ces courbes, on what is british constate aisément que le phénomène d?infiltration est beaucoup plus accentué pendant la période de Novembre à Mai en moyenne, qui est fonction du climat et de la saison.

Dans cette partie, nous nous intéresserons à l?étude et aux calculs des talus des remblais de la digue et pour cela, une campagne géotechnique doit être menée sur l?emprise ainsi qu?au lieu d?emprunt et sur les matériaux devant servir à sa mise en oeuvre (fondation, talus, digue). IV.2 Différents types d'essais de mis en oeuvre. Essay The Negative Of Fast Food! Le contrôle des sols de fondation de l?ouvrage, des différents matériaux mis à contribution pour la réalisation du barrage Tine se fera essentiellement par : IV.2.1 Les Essais préliminaires (qualité des matériaux) C?est l?ensemble des essais : · De reconnaissance (échantillons remaniés et intacts) On peut citer dans cette classe : la granulométrie ; la teneur en eau ; l?essai Proctor ; Les Limites d?Atterberg ; l?essai au bleu. Is British! · Du contrôle par sondages du sol des fondations. Communist Scare! C?est généralement les pressiomètre et le pénétromètre statique. What Is British! · De la résistance usure/écrasement pour les enrochements. Fair Dealing Copyright! On citera : l?essai Deval, un essai Los Angeles et un essai de compression simple. What! Ces essais ont pour but de vérifier l?employabilité du matériau dans le corps de l?ouvrage qui doit être conforme aux spécifications.

Des puits de reconnaissance sont réalisés à raison d'un (1) mètre de puits par 5000m 3 de matériaux des zones d'emprunts (ce volume correspond au volume avant extraction). Essay About The Negative Of Fast Food! Dans ces puits, un échantillon de 10kg pour 5 000m 3 de matériau, et un échantillon de 50kg pour 20 000m 3 de matériau seront prélevés sur chaque échantillon, il sera procédé à la mesure de la teneur en eau naturelle, à la détermination de la granulométrie et des limites d'Atterberg. What Is British! Sur l'échantillon de 50kg, il sera procédé à un essai Proctor. Dealing Copyright Uk! On utilise la roche et la pierre dans de nombreux ouvrages comme les barrages en terre pour lutter contre l'érosion des talus de l?ouvrage. Is British! Ces matériaux absorbent les forces érosives de l'eau et transmettent l'énergie à la fondation sous-jacente. Essay About The Negative Effects Food! Les enrochements composent : les filtres, drains, transitions, rip-rap et protection des talus. Is British! La majeure partie de ces matériaux proviennent de carrière C-1 situées de 0,9 à 1,5km en amont du site. Communist Scare! Ces matériaux sont obtenus avec ou sans addition à partir : du concassage, criblage et lavage des alluvions du Tine; du concassage, criblage et lavage des matériaux extraits de carrière C-1. Is British! Ils doivent être propres, sains et durables. Substantive! La résistance mécanique des matériaux de carrière de roche doit être telle que l'essai Los Angeles donne un coefficient de pourcentage d'usure inférieur à 40%.

Figure IV.1 localisation matériaux de remblai dans le corps du barrage. What! Cette granulométrie doit être respectée pour n?importe quel échantillon d?un volume normalisé de 15 litres. Essay! La granulométrie de ces matériaux est comprise à l?intérieur des limites suivantes: Figure IV.2 : Courbes granulométriques des matériaux pour filtre F1. What! Matériaux pour filtre de type F2 ( Figure IV.3) Cette granulométrie doit être respectée pour n?importe quel échantillon d?un volume normalisé de 15 litres. Fair Uk! La granulométrie de ces matériaux est comprise à l?intérieur des limites suivantes: Figure IV.3 : granulométrie des matériaux F2 pour filtre. What! Cette granulométrie doit être respectée pour n?importe quel échantillon d?un volume normalisé de 100 litres. Attachment! La granulométrie de ces matériaux est comprise à l?intérieur des limites suivantes : Figure IV.4 : granulométrie des matériaux D pour drain.

Cette granulométrie doit être respectée pour n?importe quel échantillon d?un volume normalisé de 100 litres. What! La granulométrie de ces matériaux est comprise à l?intérieur des limites suivantes: Figure IV.5 : granulométrie des matériaux F3 de transition. Exploratory Essay: Abortion! Une analyse granulométrique est réalisée sur un échantillon prélevé tous les 2000m 3 environ pour chacun des matériaux F1, F2. What Is British! Chaque analyse granulométrique sera accompagnée d'une analyse minéralogique. IV.2.5 Enrochements et matériaux pour rip-rap, protection du talus aval et blocs de Protection. About! Ces matériaux peuvent être obtenus (en combinaison ou non) à partir: - du concassage, criblage et lavage de roche provenant de carrière C-1 en amont du site; - du concassage, criblage et lavage de roche provenant d?une autre carrière agrée. What! Les enrochements doivent avoir la particularité d?être homogènes, sans fissures et résistants. Substantive! permettant un déversement en vrac et une manipulation avec des engins mécaniques sans. Is British! qu'ils ne se cassent ni se désagrègent.

Leur granulométrie devra être aussi régulière que. Power Distance Index! possible et ils ne doivent pas contenir d'éléments en forme de dalles ou d'aiguilles en quantitéappréciable. What! La granulométrie doit être respectée à l?intérieur d?un volume quelconque de 5m3 et doit être comprise entre les limites selon la courbe de la figure I.6. Dimensions des passoires,mm. Attachment In Malay! Figure IV.6 : granulométrie des matériaux R1 pour Rip-rap. What Is British! IV.2.7 Protection aval de type R2 (Figure IV.7) La granulométrie doit être comprise dans les limites selon la courbe de la figure ci-dessous: Figure IV.7 : granulométrie des matériaux de protection aval. Attachment! Des blocs d?enrochement de diverses grosseurs peuvent être employés pour protéger divers ouvrages: - Les blocs P0 ont un poids minimum de 0,5 tonne.

- Les blocs P1 ont un poids minimum de 1 tonne. What! - Les blocs P2 ont un poids minimum de 2 tonnes. Communist Scare! Au moins 10 analyses granulométriques doivent être pratiquées sur chaque catégorie d'enrochement. Is British! IV.3 Caractéristiques géotechniques du matériau de remblai. Substantive Equality! C?est un remblai composé de matériaux argileux et issu en général pas loin du site du projet et à une distance maximum de 2km. What! IV.3.1 Terrains argileux T1 et T2 (Tableau IV.1). Attachment! Ce sont des matériaux composants le corps du barrage ayant des caractéristiques mécaniques récapitulés dans le Tableau VI.1 : Tableau VI.1 : caractéristiques géotechniques des matériaux du corps de remblai . Is British! IV.3.2 Filtres et enrochements (Tableau IV.2). Define Substantive Equality! Ce sont des calcaires éocènes dont les carrières sont à proximité du projet. Ils constituent l?agrégat du filtre et de l?enrochement des parements de l?ouvrage. What Is British! Tableau IV.2 : Caractéristiques géotechniques des filtres et enrochements. Distance! IV.3.3 Caractéristiques des sables alluviaux (tableau IV.3). Is British! Ce sont des sables qui ont été déposés lors des crues par l?oued Tine au fil du temps.

Ils sont principalement destinés dans la partie de transition le long du filtre et la constitution des bétons de différents ouvrages annexes. In Malay! Tableau IV.3 : Caractéristiques géotechniques des filtres et enrochements. What Is British! Comme dans tout projet de cette envergure, les reconnaissances géologiques et géotechniques ont permis la caractérisation du sol en place devant supporté la digue et ses ouvrages annexes. Exploratory Essay: Abortion! Pour cela, plusieurs moyens d?investigation ont été employés notamment les sondages carottés, des tranchées et des puits de reconnaissance ainsi que les essais in what is british, situ du site du barrage Tine. Communist Scare! Le résultat de tous ces investigations a donné lieu aux prélèvements d?échantillons remaniés ou intacts qui ont permis les analyses au laboratoire. What! V.2 Essais de convenance / préliminaires sur les sols de fondations (Figure V.1).

Dans le cadre de l?étude d?avant-projet effectué entre 2001 et 2003. Les essais reconnaissances du site ont été réalisés selon la carte de campagne géotechnique ci-dessous, soit : - 31 sondages carottés le long de l?axe et sur l?emprise totale de la digue. Substantive! - 5 puits en rives et au fond du lit de l?oued de 2 à 5 m de profondeur d?échantillons remaniés et intacts. Is British! - 10 forages SPT à travers la couverture alluviale en rive gauche et en fond de vallée - 7 piézomètres à tube ouvert sur l?axe de la digue. Substantive! - 4 essais de pompage en rives gauche et droite effectués dans un forage de 250 mm de diamètre. What! - 2 essais d?injection de coulis de ciments en rives gauche et droite. Define Equality! Donnant ainsi des propriétés mécaniques et physiques sous l?emprise de la fondation, issues de la campagne géotechnique, classé dans le tableau ci-dessous: Figure V.1:emplacement des sondages et des puits dans le site du projet. What! V.3 Les Essais de contrôle statistique et systématique. About Of Fast! Elles sont effectuées sur les matériaux pendant et après la mise en oeuvre de l?ouvrage, afin de s?assurer de la conformité des caractéristiques exigées.

V.4 Coupes géologiques des sols de fondations (figure V.2). What! La fondation du barrage Tine repose totalement sur un sol dit ? mauvais?? constitué essentiellement du matériau argileux et vaseux. Dealing Copyright! Le sol d?assise du barrage étant la principale raison majeure du choix du type de l?ouvrage. What! V.4.1 Différents logs types selon les sondages. Distance Index! · Coupe géologique du sondage S-101. Coupe sur le sondage S-101, rive gauche (RG), cette partie de la fondation est essentiellement composée du calcaire. What Is British! Avec une forte présence de fissurations et de cavernes, ceci les rendant ainsi très perméables. Power! · Coupe géologique du sondage S-102. What Is British! Dans cette partie de l?ouvrage, on The Negative constate qu?il est posé sur du sol de très mauvaise qualité, une suite de sols argileux sur une profondeur relativement importante de plus de 50 mètres au moins (profondeur du sondage S-102). What! En amont, elle repose sur des roches mères-calcaires composées de dépôts de couverture d?argiles et de cailloutis. Power Distance Index! En aval, elle se pose sur des roches-mères peu profondes et aussi les dépôts sont des argiles et des cailloutis. Is British! · Coupe géologique du sondage S-103. C?est une coupe faite au droit du sondage S-103, d?une profondeur de 50 mètres, elle nous montre une inclusion de sable relativement de faible épaisseur et prise en sandwich entre deux sols de faible portance.

En amont et aval, elle se repose sur des couches de sols constituées de sables, de limons sableux, lentilles de gravier et des limons argileux. Power! · Coupe géologique du sondage S-104. What! C?est l?un des sondages les plus précis car il est complété par S-5 transversalement selon l?axe de la digue. Power! Les différentes couches de sol qui constituent cette tranche au droit du sondage S-104 apparaissent avec une netteté poussée. What! Cette coupe est dans la même continuité géologique que le sondage S-103. En amont et aval, elle prend appui sur des couches de sols constituées de sables, de limons sableux, lentilles de gravier et des limons argileux. In Malay! Figure V.7 : Coupe géologique du sondage S-107.

Les caractéristiques des sols composants cette coupe ont été déjà explicitées plus haut. What! C?est une partie de l?ouvrage située à cheval de l?axe de la digue : · En amont, formée de terrains argileux, avec des surfaces qui ont une inclinaison maximum de 20 degrés vers l?oued Tine ; · Et en fin en aval, par une région soumise à l?érosion. Abortion! La présence de marais est récurrente lors des crues. Is British! Elle est composée d?alluvions très épaisses. Communist Scare! Figure V.8 : Coupe géologique du sondage S-108. Is British! Cette coupe transversale au droit du sondage S-108 confirme la non hétérogénéité et du caractère anisotrope du sol d?assise de la fondation du barrage Tine.

Du coté amont : ce sont des dépôts de couverture argileux et épaisse d?une dizaine de mètres, et du coté aval, le relief est composé de couverture d?argile et cailloutis saturés entre 10 m et 30 mètres. In Malay! Les caractéristiques géotechniques des couches mises en évidence sont répertoriées dans le tableau V.1. Figure V.9 : Coupe géologique du sondage S-111. What Is British! Coupe transversale au droit du sondage S-111, elle se situe en pleine rive droite de l?ouvrage et est essentiellement composé de dépôts de couverture de sols argileux. Effects Food! Leurs surfaces sont inclinées vers le lit de l?oued avec des pentes maximum à 20 degrés.

Ceci accentue les glissements, l?érosion, le ruissellement pluvial donc l?instabilité des versants. What Is British! V.5 Caractéristiques mécaniques des sols de fondation (figure V.2, V.10 et tableau V.1) Il est constaté que tout l?ouvrage repose sur des sols très fins, avec des caractéristiques mécaniques médiocres, cependant très recommandées pour l?édification des digues en terre donc le corps du remblai est en argile à cause de leur flexibilité. Define Substantive! Le tableau(V.1) suivant énumère d?une façon succincte les différentes caractéristiques mécaniques des sols rencontrés. What Is British! Tableau V.1 : Tableau de caractéristiques mécaniques et physiques des sols de fondation du. Essay! Indice de plasticité Résistance à la compression: en état naturel en état saturé On justifie la stabilité des barrages en remblai pour différents états-limites : Contre les différents phénomènes préjudiciables pour lesquels on what is british cherche à se prémunir. C?est à dire : · des états-limites de glissement et de stabilité d?ensemble ; · des états-limites de déformation (tassement et défaut de portance) ; · et de l?état-limite de soulèvement hydraulique du pied aval ; Elles correspondent à des chargements dans lesquels l?ouvrage est susceptible d?être soumis durant sa vie. Communist Scare! Les conditions d?exploitation de l?ouvrage et les sollicitations hydrauliques associées permettent au concepteur de définir les situations de projet hydrauliques, qui revêtent une importance particulière pour les barrages et les digues en remblai. What! Les situations de projet précisent les spécifications détaillées à prendre en compte dans les justifications et dans la conception : · l?environnement réglementaire, social, économique, hydrogéologique, hydrologique. In Malay! · la description du terrain sur lequel l?ouvrage est construit ; · les défaillances technologiques particulières envisagées pour l?ouvrage. Is British! Plusieurs moyens de résolution existent, on in malay peut citer : - Les méthodes analytiques ; Elles font appel à l?utilisation des logiciels tels que TALEREN4 ou d?autres encore qui sont basés sur les Fellenius ou Bishop qui sont les méthodes les utilisées.

VI.3.1 Principales méthodes de calcul à la rupture ou méthodes analytiques. What Is British! Hypothèses communes des méthodes à la rupture : - La rupture se fait dans un plan (analyse bidimensionnelle). Communist Scare! - Les forces extérieures d'entraînement sont le poids et les surcharges. - Le problème est statique. What! - Les lois de la mécanique des milieux continus s'appliquent au sol. Index! - Le déplacement du sol est rigide et c?est pourquoi la courbe de rupture est de bonne. What! - La relation de Terzaghi est vraie : ó? = ó - u. Distance! - La loi de Coulomb s'applique à la rupture : ó = c? + (ó - u) tanö ' - Un coefficient de sécurité est défini comme le rapport de la contrainte de cisaillement. maximale mobilisable à celle nécessaire à l?équilibre du sol ; - Le coefficient de sécurité « FS » est constant le long de la courbe de rupture. Is British! Découpage en tranches verticales. Communist Scare! - Elément d?une tranche ou notation des paramètres définissant l?équilibre d?une tranche. What Is British! Hypothèse de calcul : Les efforts intertranches sont tous nuls. Communist Scare! L?équilibre d?une tranche verticale de sol est écrit en supposant les efforts intertranches nuls. On peut alors obtenir facilement l?expression de la contrainte à la base de la tranche qui est : Le cisaillement maximal est donné par la loi de Coulomb : ômax = c' + (ó f - u) tan õ'. Is British! Il reste à multiplier cette valeur par sa longueur d?application : Pour avoir une force et par le bras de levier(R = rayon du cercle de rupture) pour obtenir le moment résistant. In Malay! Le moment moteur est dû au poids du sol en mouvement et est obtenu par sommation des moments induits par chacune des tranches soit : La valeur du coefficient de sécurité de Fellenius ou encore coefficient de sécurité « FS » est le rapport de ces deux moments et l?on obtient l?expression : Ffellenius = E ((c'bi + (1hi cos 2 ai -uibi) tan (') / cos ?i) / I yhibi sin ai. What Is British! Cette expression peut servir de valeur initiale dans le processus itératif de Bishop.

Hypothèses spécifiques: la résultante verticale des forces intertranches est nulle. La méthode de Bishop simplifiée est la plus utilisée des méthodes de calcul en rupture circulaire. Substantive! Bien qu?elle possède un certain nombre d?imperfections son grand usage lui confère un statut de méthode de référence. What! VI.3.2 Paramètres mécaniques des remblais du corps du barrage. Power Index! Ces paramètres sont importants pour le calcul de l?ouvrage et de ses annexes, ce sont : - Les poids volumiques ; - L?angle de frottement interne du matériau remblai ; - Le coefficient de frottement entre le corps du barrage et le sol de fondation ; - La portance du sol de fondation ; - Et le coefficient de butée des terres.

VI.3.2.1 Les poids volumiques, indice des vides et teneur en eau. Is British! Ici il suffit de connaître trois paramètres(e, w, ? s ) pour calculer tous les autres. Copyright Uk! Si le sol est saturé, seuls deux suffisent. Is British! Les paramètres suivants sont obtenus en laboratoire à partir d'essais simples tels que pesée et passage à l'étuve. Distance Index! Tableau VI3: param.

tres d'état des matériaux du corps de remblai. What Is British! La zone d?emprunt E1 étant saturée --- Sr (degré de saturation) = 1. Define Substantive Equality! Tableau VI.4 : paramètres mécaniques des matériaux du corps de remblai. Is British! VI.3.2.2 L'angle de frottement interne õ et la cohésion (C) du sol. Communist Scare! Ces paramètres sont obtenus par l?essai de cisaillement. Is British! Le but étant de déterminer la résistance d?un échantillon de sol soumis au cisaillement.

Cela signifie que la capacité du sol doit résister aux contraintes tangentielles auxquelles le squelette granulaire du sol est soumis. In Malay! Tableau VI.5 : caractéristiques géotechniques des matériaux du corps de remblai. L'essai Proctor normal (NF P 94-093) Cet essai a pour but d?établir la relation expérimentale entre la densité sèche d?un sol sensible et sa teneur en eau pour différentes énergies de compactage. Is British! Il se pratique pour les sols entrant dans la constitution d?un remblai. Uk! Les caractéristiques du Proctor constituent avant tout des critères d?identification d?un sol permettant de situer son état optimal de mise en oeuvre. What! Tableau VI.6 : donnés géotechniques de T1 et T2 issues du PROCTOR.

VI.4 Stabilité des talus par la méthode de Fellinuis. Essay About The Negative Effects Of Fast! Un talus est stable lorsque les moments des forces motrices sont inférieurs aux moments des forces résistant qui sont essentiellement des forces de résistance au cisaillement. What Is British! La valeur du coefficient de sécurité « FS » est définie par le rapport des moments résistants sur les moments moteurs. Fair Dealing! La stabilité des talus est aussi fonction des propriétés intrinsèques et l?état de saturation du remblai composant le corps du barrage. VI.4.1 Paramètres de stabilité des talus du barrage TINE. Is British! Ce sont généralement des moments induits par rapport à un point de l?ouvrage par : · Des forces horizontales en amont de l?ouvrage ; · Des forces verticales ; - Détermination de la ligne de saturation ou Courbe de KOZENEY : Paramètres géométriques : Figure VI.3 : Coupe type de la digue simplifiée, Paramètres géométriques.

Par analogie A1(0 ; 3). Attachment! On doit déterminer b qui est fonction de l?inclinaison du filtre (ici á=90°), d?après la lecture des abaques : - Poids Propre de l?ouvrage (G0) : Il est évalué en tranche de un mètre de l?ouvrage ; Go= (?h*S1+ ?sat * S2) g. What! Où S1 ; S2 : humide et saturée du barrage. Attachment In Malay! yh ; ysat : poids volumique (état saturé et humide) du remblai humide. Is British! g : pesanteur. Communist Scare! Figure VI.4 : Coupe type de la digue, disposition des remblais et zone de saturation. Is British! · Surface du profil humide en T2 : Shum1= 253 m 2 ; · Surface humide en T2 : Shum2= 663 m 2. In Malay! Le poids par unité de longueur peut être déduit de la manière suivante : Pt= Psat+Phum = Ssat * ?sat +Shum * ?h. What Is British! - Poids de l?eau (P w ) en dessous de NRN influençant la fondation de l?ouvrage: Le poids de l?eau au-dessus de la fondation sera : - Les Forces verticales sous pressions. Effects! Quel que soit la qualité du rocher de fondation, l?eau y pénètre toujours. Is British! Ce phénomène est düà la porosité et à la fissuration sur la base de l?ouvrage. Essay About The Negative Of Fast! Cette force à tendance à soulever la digue : Figure VI.5 : Répartition des forces verticales sous pression de la digue. What! Son intensité est : Fvsp=1/2.h.L.?w. Dealing Copyright Uk! L : largeur de la digue simplifiée : L=149.5m. What! h : hauteur de l?eau en amont(NRN) ; h =16m. Exploratory Essay: Abortion! ? w : section poids volumique de l?eau. What Is British! ? w =10kN/m 3. L?action de l?eau se manifeste par la pression qu?elle exerce sur le parement amont de l?ouvrage. Abortion! En tenant compte de la répartition trapézoïdale de cette pression, l?expression résultante de cette poussée est : ? w : poids volumique de l?eau ; Des sédiments s?accumulent souvent au pied du barrage et en résulte une poussée horizontale qu?il faudra ajouter à la poussée hydrostatique.

En tenant compte de la répartition triangulaire, son expression analytique est : Has : hauteur des sédiments, dans ce cas les regards ont été prévu et Has=0 ; d. What! : densité des sédiments (terrain argileux avec arène de cailloux, d=14.2); ö : angle de frottement interne des sédiments ;ö=18.5. Attachment! Les sédiments au pied aval du barrage réagissent à la poussée du corps du barrage. What! Il en résulte ainsi une butée des terres qui présente l?expression ci-dessous. About! Pbs = 1/2 tan 2 LIII LU-LI LThL[d[- ? bs. What! Hbs : hauteur de butée du sol. On va considérer dans ce cas que la partie du noyau ancrée dans la fondation est une butée, car elle remplit exactement les fonctions de celle-ci.

Elle a pour caractéristiques : d=1.7 ; Hbs= 14.5m ; ö=17°. Power Distance! et elle s?applique à Hbs/3= 14.5/3= 4.83m de sa base. What! Ou action sismique qui est définie en fonction du risque sismique de la zone du projet et peut s?accompagner d?une évaluation spécifique. Essay: Abortion! Méthode Pseudo Statique : Elle présente le chargement dynamique par l?application des forces statiques équivalentes aux efforts maximum que peut supporter la digue. Is British! La force d?inertie étant celles d?un solide rigide soumis à l?accélération maximale, elle a pour composantes : Fh = 0,67.á.?b . Communist Scare! S : composante horizontale. What! .où á=0.1g : coefficient sismique horizontal. Define! ?b =17.1kN/m : poids volumique de l?ouvrage. S : section de l?ouvrage= 1790.5m 2 . Is British! Fh= 20513.80 .kN/ml. In Malay! La force hydrodynamique sur la face amont de la digue. What Is British! H=16m: profondeur de la retenue ; ? w =10kN/m 3 : poids volumique de l?eau. Fair Copyright! On assimilera le barrage en remblai comme celui en poids, et FS pourra s?écrire : FS = [(ÓV*tan?) + (c * A)] / Ó H. What Is British! A = Aire de la fondation. Fair Dealing Copyright Uk! ÓV= Somme des forces verticales ? = Angle de frottement interne. What! Ó H=Somme des forces horizontales C = Cohésion. Communist Scare! En moyenne, C=0.025 MPa et C= 17° VI.5 Vérification de la stabilité des talus : Méthode de Fellenius Digue en service : Talus aval. Is British! Figure VI.6 a et b: Distribution des tranches en Aval.

Données nécessaires au calcul du coefficient de sécurité FS bi : largeur de la tranche i. Essay: Abortion! Ci : cohésion de la couche i, ici elle est constante (=0.025 MPa) Wi : poids de la tranche i. Is British! èi : angle du centre de la tranche i avec la droite perpendiculaire à AB öi : angle de frottement interne de la couche i. Essay:! Ui : pression interstitielle dans la couche i. What! Tableau VI.7 : Récapitulatif des calculs de la méthode de Fellenius. Substantive Equality! Il suffit tout simplement de vérifier l?état de mise en service d?une digue pour avoir une idée fixe sur la stabilité globale des talus de l?ouvrage. En rappel, il suffit que : VI.6 Vérification de la hauteur de la revanche. What Is British! Pour éviter le risque de submersion fatale à la sécurité du barrage, il faut nécessairement une revanche de hauteur suffisante à cause des phénomènes naturels suivants : · tremblements de terre, avalanches ; · la surélévation du plan d?eau provoquée par le vent extreme considéré ; · le déferlement des vagues à la surface du parement amont ; · la hauteur des vagues provoquée par le vent extrême considéré ; · et la surélévation du plan d?eau lors du passage de la crue maximale considérée dans le projet. Attachment In Malay! C?est un paramètre très important dans pour la sécurité de l?ouvrage et d?après la formule empirique de MOLITOR, hv a pour expression : où F : fetch (km) ; pour le projet, F=4 km. What! V : vitesse du vent (km/h) ; ici V=24m/s ou 86.4km/h. Define Substantive Equality! Application numérique : hv= 0.99m, la hauteur de la vague est h v = 1m. Is British! Le fetch C?est la distance en mer ou sur un plan d'eau au-dessus de laquelle souffle un vent donné sans rencontrer d'obstacle (une côte) depuis l'endroit où il est créé ou depuis une côte s'il vient de la terre. Effects Of Fast! Figure VI.7 : Illustration de la direction du vent et valeur du fetch. Is British! VI.6.2 Revanche(R) ou effets du vent (Figure III.8) La revanche est la différence d?altitude entre la crete de l?ouvrage et le plan d?eau pour la situation de projet considérée (PHE). Power Index! Elle est destinée à éviter que l?impact des vagues sur la crete puisse l?endommager. What! k : coefficient fonction du parement (k=0.72 pour rip-rap)

La valeur de R=0.71m 2.7m valeur adopté pour le projet. Communist Scare! Ce qui permet de dire que la sécurité par rapport à ces phénomènes naturels est à priori assurée. What! C?est un travail à la base de toute vérification numérique des talus,quelque soit la méthode à employer. Communist Scare! Elle consiste au maillage munitieux des frontière de chaque couche de sol,tout en évitant la juxtaposition des differéntes couches de sol.Puis entrer les caractéristiques mécaniques (öi,Ci,ãi) de la couche i concernée. What! Figure VII.1 : Modélisation de la digue avec les différentes couches. Communist Scare! VII.1.2 Caractéristiques mécaniques des couches des sols de la digue. What! La figure V.4 nous montre la coupe type du fond de vallée du barrage Tine reposant sur une fondation médiocre composée du grès et prédominée par une couche importante de marne ; l?ouvrage dans sa partie amont est constitué de deux pentes : celle de 1 :3 noyers par l?eau et celle de 1/3.25 faisant écran avec la cote des plus hautes eaux (PHE), et de 1/2.5 dans sa partie aval. Substantive! Le niveau de la retenue normale(NRN) à une hauteur de 16m et le barrage à lui-même à une hauteur de 22m.

Il est à noter ici que le barrage est constitué d?un drainage longitudinal évitant ainsi une éventuelle érosion dans sa partie aval et des puits de puits de décompression de 300mm de diamètre avec une hauteur de 17m. Is British! Les différentes caractéristiques mécaniques des matériaux constituants le barrage nécessaires pour le calcul sur Talren (remblai, filtre) et sa fondation (argile, grès, marne) sont récapitulées dans le tableau VII.1. Tableau VII.1 : Caractéristiques mécaniques des couches constituantes la digue. Attachment! VII.1.3 Vérification du talus aval juste après la fin de la construction (Figure VII.2) Dans ce cas, le barrage ne retient pas de l?eau et n?est soumis qu?à son poids propre (poids des remblais, rip rap, filtre . Is British! ) ce qui risquera de perturber sa stabilité vue sa hauteur et sa longueur qui sont assez importante. The Negative Of Fast Food! Les résultats obtenus par le logiciel Talren4 sont alors résumés par la Figure VII.2.

Figure VII.2 : Vérification de la digue juste après la construction. What Is British! Dans ce cas, le coefficient de sécurité (F S ) est F S =2.86 1.5 d?où notre barrage avant la mise en eau est stable. Communist Scare! VII.1.4 Vérification de la stabilité de la digue en service (Figure VII.3) Dans ce cas, le barrage hors mis son poids propre est soumis à des différents efforts tels que les pressions hydrostatiques ou les forces de sous pression. Il est à noter ici que dans la partie amont du barrage, la ligne de saturation traverse deux matériaux T1 et T2 modifiant ainsi leur caractéristiques intrinsèques. What Is British! Les résultats se résument dans la figure VII.3 : Figure VII.3 : Vérification de la digue en service. Substantive Equality! D?après cette figure, on what is british remarque que le coefficient de sécurité(F S ) du barrage est égale à F S =1.891.5 d?où le barrage est stable ; aucun risque n?est à observer lors de sa mise en eau. Communist Scare! VII.1.5 Vérification de la stabilité de la digue à la vidange rapide.

Dans ce cas, le barrage est remplir à une hauteur de 1m partant du niveau du terrain naturel. What Is British! Il est fort de constater ici que la ligne de saturation reste invariable à cause de la grande capacité de rétention d?eau d?argile constituant le corps du barrage. Effects Of Fast! Les propriétés mécaniques des matériaux constituants la partie humide et la partie saturée du cops du barrage ne change pas ( tableau ci-dessus) . What Is British! Le résultat issu du logiciel Talren4 est illustré sur la Figure VII.4. In Malay! Figure VII.4 : vérification de la digue à la vidange rapide. What! D?après cette figure, nous remarquons que le coefficient de sécurité F s =1.211.2 nous amène à dire que notre barrage est stade à la vidange rapide, ce coefficient Fs va s?améliorer dans le temps grace à la consolidation des sols de l?ouvrage. Communist Scare! La méthode des éléments finis consiste à calculer les contraintes et les déformations à l'aide d'une modélisation en éléments finis. What! Cette modélisation est une opération beaucoup plus complexe que le calcul à l?équilibre limite il est plus difficile d'assurer le contrôle des données d'entrée et de s'assurer de la pertinence des résultats. Les calculs convergent généralement vers une solution mais donnant l'illusion de la validité. Communist Scare! Aussi, un calcul aux éléments finis ne devrait jamais être réalisé sans une validation, par exemple par des calculs simplifiés d'ordre de grandeur.

Les calculs doivent être menés avec des logiciels adaptés à la géotechnique, et notamment qui permettent au moins de : ? Modéliser les lois de comportement élastique parfaitement plastique avec le critère de Mohr-Coulomb ; · Modéliser le phasage de construction, qui détermine les états de contraintes dans les matériaux ; · Prendre en compte les effets de l'eau interstitielle (pressions, gradients) ; · Si nécessaire (interface avec les ouvrages rigides), modéliser les non linéarités de contact à ces interfaces ; · Si nécessaire (présence de matériaux fins), modéliser la consolidation. What! VIII.2. Attachment In Malay! Mise en oeuvre de la Méthodes des Eléments finis. What Is British! Le modèle doit représenter le barrage, sa fondation et la retenue. · La modélisation impose de reproduire, dans le calcul, le phasage de construction et de mise en eau. Define! · Les résultats sont obtenus en termes de contraintes et de déformations. What! Cela ne donne pas directement accès au facteur de sécurité. Exploratory Abortion! · Pour obtenir le facteur de sécurité de l?ouvrage, la méthode habituelle consiste à réduire c' et tanö' (ou les paramètres de la loi de comportement) jusqu'à ce que le calcul ne converge plus. What Is British! Ce facteur de sécurité peut être comparé au produit (coefficient partiel x coefficient de modèle) pour se rapprocher du calcul standard. Communist Scare! · Dans le cas de la modélisation de barrages en service, on what is british s'attache à qualifier le modèle par comparaison avec les mesures d'auscultation.

VIII .3 Présentation du logiciel Solvia. Dealing Copyright! Le logiciel choisie pour la modélisation du comportement de la fondation est le logiciel SOLVIA disponible actuellement en quelques licences au laboratoire de Génie Civil de l?Institut National Agronomique de Tunisie. What Is British! SOLVIA est un moteur de calcul en éléments finis capable de faire une simulation du comportement des matériaux sollicités aux différents types de sollicitations. Cette simulation est basée sur l'analyse linéaire et non-linéaire des déplacements, des efforts et des températures dans des conditions statiques ou dynamiques. Essay: Abortion! L?avantage de Solvia par rapport à de nombreux autres moteurs de calcul en éléments finis c?est qu?il nous permet d?imposer la forme de maillage et dispose d?une obéissance remarquable pour le choix du type d?affichage des graphiques et des résultats de la simulation.

En outre il ne dispose pas d?interface graphique pour la saisie des données. Is British! Cette dernière se fait dans un fichier texte qui sera importé au module de calcul Solvia lors de l?exécution de la simulation. Fair! Il intègre les modules suivants : · SOLVIA-PRE : pour la génération des entrées (input). What! · SOLVIA : pour l'analyse des efforts et des déplacements. Exploratory Essay:! · SOLVIA-TEMP : pour la température et l'analyse d'infiltration. What Is British! · LE SOLVIA-POST : pour l'affichage des résultats (Output). Define Substantive Equality! VIII.3.2 SOLVIA pour l'analyse du comportement d'un ouvrage. Le programme SOLVIA peut être utilisé efficacement pour l'analyse bidimensionnelle et tridimensionnelle, linéaire et non-linéaire, statique et dynamique, pour les déplacements et les efforts. Is British! Quatre différentes options d'analyse peuvent être considérées, à savoir : - Grand déplacement mais petite analyse de contrainte. In Malay! - Grand déplacement et grande analyse de contrainte.

En outre, ces options peuvent être employées dans l'analyse couplée de déplacements/Efforts/températures. What! Ce logiciel est adapté aux différents types de matériau en particulier pour les sols. Fair Dealing! Il intègre dans son analyse les lois de comportement les plus utilisées en mécanique des sols et permet en conséquence d?introduire les paramètres qui en résultent des essais de laboratoire et in what, situ. Attachment In Malay! Les différentes lois de comportement intégrées dans ce logiciel sont : · La loi thermo élastique. What Is British! · La loi plastique. · La loi plastique multilinéaire. Communist Scare! · La loi de Drucker-Prager. What Is British! · La loi Curve-Description. Define Substantive! VIII.4.1.

Profil modélisé La modélisation de l?ouvrage est réalisée en bidimensionnelle selon une coupe en travers du lit mineur du barrage Tine (Figure VIII.1 et VIII.2) Figure VIII.1 : Coupe A-A au niveau du lit mineur. What! L?ouvrage à modéliser est constitué de deux parties fondamentales : le corps du remblai du barrage et de sa fondation (Figure III.31). Essay About Effects Of Fast Food! La coupe choisie représente une zone dangereuse du faite de sa situation au lit mineur de l?oued Tine et de la profondeur des sables lâches alluvionnaire qui peuvent atteindre les 32 m dans plusieurs endroits. What Is British! Dans leurs globalités, les remblais constituants la digue sont constitués de trois matériaux principaux : - Le matériau T1 constituant le batardeau et la partie amont de la digue est constitué d?un matériau argileux étanche. Communist Scare! - Le matériau T2 constituant la partie recharge aval composé de sables argileux. What! - Le drain est composé par une couche de 2 m d?épaisseur de sable sélectionné. La fondation du barrage est composée de trois matériaux différents dont la majorité est composée d?une alternance de grès et de marne, avec une couche de dépôts vaseux alluvionnaires qui atteint les 15 m en fond de vallée. Fair! Figure VIII.2: Coupe en travers du lit mineur du barrage. What Is British! Par la suite on dealing copyright a adapté un maillage choisi avec la forme irrégulière des couches géologiques de la fondation et d?introduire les paramètres des neufs matériaux qui en résultent selon la loi de comportement élastique (figure VIII.3) Ces paramètres ont été déterminés pour les deux cas, avant et après vibrocompactage de la fondation. What Is British! Figure VIII.3 : Modélisation du barrage et de sa fondation. The Negative Of Fast! Comme déjà précité, la coupe à modéliser se compose de six matériaux, deux matériaux pour le corps de la digue et sept pour la fondation. What! Les paramètres à introduire pour la loi élastique sont donnés dans le tableau VIII.1. Uk! Tableau VIII.1 : Description du matériau avant vibrocompactage.

Argile - Dépôts vaseux d?alluvions. Is British! VIII.4.3 Affichage du maillage PRE (figures VIII.4 et VIII.5) Suite à plusieurs tentatives et corrections au niveau du module PRE, nous avons réussi à réaliser la modélisation du corps du barrage et de sa fondation. About The Negative Effects Of Fast! L?affichage des graphiques proposés dans ce module et le rapport des résultats élaboré par Solvia nous a été bénéfique pour entreprendre les corrections nécessaires et aboutir aux résultats souhaités. Is British! Les figures VIII.4 et VIII.5 présentent les numéros des mailles et des noeuds obtenus à partir de la modélisation. Exploratory Abortion! La fondation du barrage tine comporte un matériau composé d?alluvions vaseux sur une profondeur variable pouvant atteindre 15 m. Is British! Afin d?assurer la pérennité et la sécurité de cet ouvrage, le maître de l?ouvrage a décidé d?extraire toute cette partie et de la remplacer par un matériau argileux bien compacté Dans cette étude on copyright a voulu tester le comportement de la fondation et ce dans le cas statique vis-à-vis du tassement et au cours de la construction. What! Les résultats de la simulation montrent un tassement maximal en fin de construction de 0.8 m (figure VIII.6) Figure VIII.6 : Simulation des déplacements verticaux en mètres (PRE - Solvia) La simulation du comportement du barrage nous montre aussi la progression des tassements au niveau de contact remblai fondation. Equality! Le tassement maximum est obtenu au niveau de la crete de l?ouvrage (75 cm) (figure VIII.6). Is British! Le tassement global du barrage ne présente pas un grand danger et a été pris en compte dans la conception du barrage en appliquant une flèche convexe à la crete d?environ 1 m de hauteur. About Effects Of Fast Food! L?auscultation est une méthode quantitative qui s?appuie sur une instrumentation et l?interprétation des mesures physiques propres à chaque barrage. Is British! L?instrumentation c?est l?ensemble des appareils servant à surveiller un ouvrage.

IX.2.1 Tassomètre : Tassomètre multipoints Inkrex. Il permet d?évaluer les déplacements axiaux d?une série de points scellés dans le terrain le long d?un forage. Power Index! Ce système est adapté pour l?évaluation des tassements, des déformations et des gonflements des sols. What Is British! En lui combinant avec des mesures inclinométriques, il nous donne des lectures dans l?espace. In Malay! IX.2.2 Principe de fonctionnement (figure IX.1).

Lorsqu?il y a gonflement ou tassement, la position des anneaux varie par déplacements légers par rapport aux positions initiales. What Is British! Ces variations de positions sont mesurées par induction magnétique, ce qui permet une précision élevée. Une courbe de déformations ponctuelle et une courbe de déformations cumulatives permettent de ressortir l?intégralité de la déformation axiale. Define Substantive! Figure IX.1 : Mise en évidence du Tassomètre Inkrex. Is British! C?est un dispositif permettant de mesurer la charge hydraulique en un point situé dans un massif aquifère. About Effects Of Fast! Par abus de langage, il est assimilé à tout dispositif destiné à mesurer le niveau du plan d?eau dans le sol. What! IX.2.4. Abortion! Principe de la détermination de la charge hydraulique (figure IX.2) Il consiste à déterminer la charge hydraulique h qui règne au niveau de la crépine. What! Celle-ci est évaluée par l?équation de Bernoulli, pour une nappe horizontale au repos : z=0. Food! Figure IX.2 : Principe de la détermination de la charge hydraulique.

PM : Pression de l?eau au point M ; Z : hauteur du point par rapport à la référence. What! Or PM est égale au poids de la colonne d?eau unité située au-dessus : Alors PM/?W = MA et H= z+MA =MB . Exploratory Essay:! Sur la verticale AB, la charge est donc constante quelque soit M, et égale à la hauteur de la surface libre. What Is British! IX.2.5 Puits de décompression (annexe 3) En général, dans un massif de la digue et à cause des problèmes de mise en oeuvre des remblais, la perméabilité horizontale est toujours supérieure à la perméabilité verticale et le problème de percolation du filtre par les éléments fins engendrent la sous-pression qui a tendance à soulever la partie aval de l?ouvrage. Food! Pour éviter cela, il faut ramener le potentiel hydraulique à zéro au pied aval en créant une ou plusieurs lignes de forages (ö300 à ö800mm) drainant, espacées régulièrement dans la fondation. IX.3 Plan d'instrumentalisation dans la structure de la digue (figure IX.3) Le plan d?instrumentation permet une localisation en temps réel des différents instruments de mesure permettant une surveillance sans faille et ponctuelle du barrage. What! IX.4 Mesures physiques et interprétations. Attachment! C?est l?ensemble des mesures traduisant le comportement global de l?ouvrage, pendant toutes les étapes de sa vie. What Is British! Elles sont recueillies par les différents instruments disséminés dans toute la structure de l?ouvrage.

Ici, toutes les cotes son données en m(NGT). Power! Figure IX.4 Profil 2 du barrage. Is British! C1 (P1 100804) (figure IX.5), date de pose : 9/8/2010 ; La figure IX.5 traduit les variations dans le temps des cotes de remblai et de la pression interstitielle U de la cellule C1 qui est positionnée dans l?interface fondation du noyau et remblai (amont). Pression U (kPa), altitudes. Essay Effects Of Fast Food! 9/8/10 29/8/10 18/9/10 8/10/10 28/10/10 17/11/10 7/12/10 27/12/10 16/1/11 5/2/11 25/2/11 17/3/11 6/4/11 26/4/11 16/5/11 5/6/11 25/6/11 15/7/11 4/8/11 24/8/11 13/9/11 3/10/11 23/10/11 12/11/11 2/12/11 22/12/11 11/1/12 31/1/12 20/2/12 11/3/12 i i 4/3/12 0/4/12 10/5/12. What! Cote du remblai. Substantive Equality! Figure IX.5 Variations de la cote de remblai et la cote de pression interstitielle en fonction. What! du temps (avancement des travaux). Essay About! · La cote du remblai évolue normalement en fonction de l?avancement des travaux dans le temps ; · Le niveau de l?eau dans l?interface fondation du noyau et remblai amont monte graduellement avec la hauteur des remblais: - La cellule 1 se trouve en dessous du niveau de la nappe phréatique ; - Les fluctuations de la cote de pression U entre le 7/2/11 et le 19/3/11 est une réaction différée à plusieurs activités pluviométriques (figure II.7) qui influencent la nappe de surface; - La brusque cassure se situant entre le 22/2/12 et le 2/4/12 (cote pression U): Ce phénomène traduit sans doute un dysfonctionnement de la cellule ou une erreur de lecture des mesures. Rien ne peut expliquer ce comportement anormal de la cellule, le matériau étant de l?argile, donc saturée et noyée dans la nappe, cette période de l?année est caractérisée par une pluviométrie moyenne de 50 mm (confère figure II.7). Is British! (P100805) : Contact fondation du noyau/ remblai (Aval), date de pose : 9/8/10. Uk! La figure IX.6 traduit les variations dans le temps des cotes de remblai et pression U de la cellule (placée en dessous du niveau de la nappe phréatique), positionnée dans l?interface fondation du noyau et remblai coté aval. What! Pression U (kPa), altitudes.

9/8/10 29/8/10 18/9/10 8/10/10 28/10/10 17/11/10 7/12/10 27/12/10 16/1/11 5/2/11 25/2/11 17/3/11 6/4/11 26/4/11 16/5/11 5/6/11 25/6/11 15/7/11 4/8/11 24/8/11 13/9/11 3/10/11 23/10/11 12/11/11 2/12/11 22/12/11 11/1/12 31/1/12 20/2/12 11/3/12 31/3/12 20/4/12 10/5/12. Define Equality! Figure IX.6 : Variations de la cote de remblai et la pression interstitielle en fonction du temps. What Is British! (avancement des travaux). Power Distance! · La cote de remblai : La cote de remblai a continué d?évoluer normalement depuis de sa pose. A la date du 14/10/10, elle atteint un niveau presque constant (NGT 120), ce niveau correspondant au niveau zéro du barrage(TN), jusqu?à la date du 4/5/12. Is British! Cela veut tout simplement dire que, malgré la continuité des travaux de construction du barrage, l?étape finale de cette partie est atteinte. About The Negative Effects! · La cote de la pression interstitielle U: Du 9/8/10 (pose) au 18/5/11 : évolution normale du plan de l?eau dans l?interface car ajout de l?eau contenue dans le remblai compacté du noyau ; Du 18/5/11 au 5/10/11 : la cellule signale une baisse du niveau de l?eau dans l?interface : les grains des sols se resserrent entre eux, l?eau est chassée, il y a consolidation des sols tout autour de la cellule. What Is British! Du 5/10 au 24/2/12 : la courbe effectue une croissante car les sols sont alimentés par la nappe, qui reprend du terrain.

Le pic se situant entre le 24/2 et le 18/3/12 est une élévation du niveau de l?eau au-dessus de la base du barrage : les causes probables sont des pluies qui ont alimenté la nappe. About The Negative Of Fast Food! C3 (P091677) Fondation batardeau ; date de pose 19/3/10. What! La figure IX.7 traduit les variations dans le temps des cotes de remblai et de la pression interstitielle U de la cellule C3 positionnée dans la fondation du batardeau. Pression U (kPa), cote remblai. Abortion! 14/3/10 3/4/10 23/4/10 13/5/10 2/6/10 22/6/10 12/7/10 1/8/10 21/8/10 10/9/10 30/9/10 t0/10/10 9/11/10 t9/11/10 19/12/10 8/1/11 28/1/11 17/2/11 9/3/11 29/3/11 18/4/11 8/5/11 28/5/11 17/6/11 7/7/11 27/7/11 16/8/11 5/9/11 25/9/11 15/10/11 4/11/11 t4/11/11 14/12/11 3/1/12 23/1/12 12/2/12 3/3/12 23/3/12 12/4/12 2/5/12. What Is British! Figure IX.7 : Variations de la cote de remblai et la cote pression U en fonction du temps. Define Equality! (avancement des travaux) · La cote du remblai : Du 19/3 au 28/4/10, il n?y a pas de mouvement des terres (niveau zéro du terrain naturel du barrage= 120 NGT), à partir du 28/4 au 28/6/10, il y a remblai et compactage, l?ouvrage atteint à ce point-là le niveau 131,30 NGT. Is British! à la date du 1/10/10, il atteint son niveau constant qui est de 132 NGT soit 12 m au-dessus du sol. Index! · La cote pression interstitielle : Du 19/3 au 14/5/10, elle est presque stable et représente le niveau de la nappe phréatique en ce point-là. What! Du 14/5 au 27/7/10, la cellule indique une baisse considérable du niveau de U coïncidant avec le début de l?opération de mise en place du remblai. In Malay! Cette opération de mise en place du remblai provoque une consolidation des sols de fondation, donc le resserrement des grains des sols et la fuite de l?eau dus aux contraintes provoquées par cette opération. What! Du 27/7/10 au 6/1/11, l?eau se réapproprie du site après le réarrangement des grains des sols, et à partir de cette période, la cote de U devient stable. Communist Scare! C4 (P100806) Fondation de la revanche, date de pose : 9/8/10. La figure IX.8 traduit les variations dans le temps des cotes de remblai et la pression U de la cellule C4 positionnée dans la fondation de la revanche.

Pression U (kPa), cote remblai (dm) 9/8/10 29/8/10 18/9/10 8/10/10 28/10/10 17/11/10 7/12/10 27/12/10 16/1/11 5/2/11 25/2/11 17/3/11 6/4/11 26/4/11 16/5/11 5/6/11 25/6/11 15/7/11 4/8/11 24/8/11 13/9/11 3/10/11 23/10/11 12/11/11 2/12/11 22/12/11 11/1/12 31/1/12 20/2/12 11/3/12 31/3/12 20/4/12 10/5/12. What! Figure IX.8 : Variations de la cote de remblai et la cote de pression U en fonction du temps. Attachment! (avancement des travaux). What! Du 9/8/10 au 14/10/10, le niveau du remblai augmente rapidement et atteint sa cote constante (120 NGT). · La cote de pression U : Entre le 9/8 et le 23/8/10, le plan de l?eau est sensiblement de 1 m au-dessus du fond de fouille, cela s?explique ainsi, le point considéré se trouve en dessous du niveau de la nappe phréatique de surface. Communist Scare! Entre le 23/8/10 et le 16/5/11, le niveau de la cote U augmente difficilement dans le temps, nourrit par la nappe, et difficilement à cause du phénomène de consolidation dû à la mise en place du remblai et à son compactage. Is British! Entre le 16/5 et le 5/10/11, il y a une décroissance du niveau du plan d?eau, phénomène de consolidation. Define! Et après cette période, la cote remonte et côtoie même le niveau 120 NGT. What Is British! C5 (P091675) Remblai batardeau (cote 125.00 NGT), pose le 29/5/10. Attachment! La figure IX.9 traduit les variations dans le temps des cotes de remblai et la pression U de la cellule C5 positionnée dans le remblai du batardeau. Is British! Pression U(kPa), cotes remblai (dm) 29/5/10 18/6/10 8/7/10 28/7/10 17/8/10 6/9/10 26/9/10 16/10/10 5/11/10 25/11/10 15/12/10 4/1/11 24/1/11 13/2/11 5/3/11 25/3/11 14/4/11 4/5/11 24/5/11 13/6/11 3/7/11 23/7/11 12/8/11 1/9/11 21/9/11 11/10/11 31/10/11 20/11/11 10/12/11 30/12/11 19/1/12 8/2/12 28/2/12 19/3/12 8/4/12 28/4/12. Attachment In Malay! Figure IX.9 : Variations de la cote de remblai et la cote de pression U en fonction du temps. What Is British! (avancement des travaux).

La cote de remblai : Du 29/5 au 25/6/10, elle grimpe et atteint un premier palier constant (131,30 NGT), puis à partir du 20/9/10 elle atteint son niveau constant (132 NGT) jusqu?au 28/4/12. Communist Scare! · Cote de pression interstitielle U: La pression U ne cesse de croitre à cause de la présence de l?eau dans le matériau argileux de remblai. What! A partir du 20/10/10, elle passera au-dessus de celle du remblai : l?influence des précipitations (confère figure II.7) et la continuité des travaux au noyé central de l?ouvrage. Communist Scare! Ce sont des éléments de surveillance se présentant sous forme de forages (Ô300 à Ô800) et atteignant la fondation. Ils sont espacés de 20 mètres entre eux le long au pied de la risberme aval. What! PC 2 (figure IX.10) cote du tube au 26/3/11 : 120,82 m (NGT) . Define Substantive! Niveau final risberme. Is British! Figure IX.10 : Variation du plan de l'eau dans le puits P en fonction du temps . Power Distance Index! Du 30/4 au 17/10/11, pendant cette période, le niveau de l?eau dans le puits est presque nivelé. What! Les fluctuations qui se produisent après cette période ont pour origine probable les précipitations qui alimentent la nappe phréatique de surface et de l?eau contenue dans le matériau des sols de remblais ainsi que les infiltrations du sol d?assise du barrage. Substantive! Cette eau déborde le puits PC 2 entre le 2 et le 11/11/11. Is British! PC 8 (figure IX.11), cote du tube au 26/6/11 : 120,63m (NGT) ; cote haut du tube : 120,69m.

17/6/10 7/7/10 27/7/10 16/8/10 5/9/10 25/9/10 15/10/10 4/11/10 24/11/10 14/12/10 3/1/11 23/1/11 12/2/11 4/3/11 24/3/11 13/4/11 3/5/11 23/5/11 12/6/11 2/7/11 22/7/11 11/8/11 31/8/11 20/9/11 10/10/11 30/10/11 19/11/11 9/12/11 29/12/11 18/1/12 7/2/12 27/2/12 18/3/12 7/4/12 27/4/12. Niveau final risberme aval. Communist Scare! Figure IX.11 : Variation du plan de l'eau dans le puits PC 8 en fonction du temps. What! Constats : Dans cette partie de l?ouvrage, il y a une fluctuation très remarquée du niveau de l?eau dans le puits. Power Distance! Le phénomène de consolidation (23/8 au 27/10/10 et du 1/6 au 28/12/11) est très visible dans cette partie. What! Entre ces périodes, la nappe réalimente le puits mais, l?eau n?atteignant jamais le niveau 117 m (NGT). Define! Le puits PC8 ne présente pas les débordements d?eau. What! PC 14 (figure IX.12) ; cote haut du tube : 119,91m ; cote du tube au 26/3/11 : 119,01m. Dealing Copyright! 20/5/10 9/6/10 29/6/10 19/7/10 8/8/10 28/8/10 17/9/10 7/10/10 27/10/10 16/11/10 6/12/10 26/12/10 15/1/11 4/2/11 24/2/11 16/3/11 5/4/11 25/4/11 15/5/11 4/6/11 24/6/11 14/7/11 3/8/11 23/8/11 12/9/11 2/10/11 22/10/11 11/11/11 1/12/11 21/12/11 10/1/12 30/1/12 19/2/12 10/3/12 30/3/12 19/4/12 9/5/12. What! Niveau final risberme aval. Figure IX.12 : Variation du plan de l'eau dans le puits PC 14 en fonction du temps.

Des périodes 21/5 au 23/8/10 et du 23/5 au 18/10/2011, il se produit un phénomène de réarrangement des grains des sols ce qui amène le plan d?eau à baisser dans le puits (consolidation) dü aux contraintes issues de la mise en oeuvre du remblai. Attachment! La période de la remontée du niveau du plan d?eau correspond à l?influence du facteur pluviométrie (confère figure VII.2) et la géologie du sol de fondation de la digue (confère figure II.2 a II.8). Is British! PC 20 (figure IX.13) ; cote haut du tube 120,40m ; cote tube au 26/3/11 :119,49m. Distance! 21/5/10 10/6/10 30/6/10 20/7/10 9/8/10 29/8/10 18/9/10 8/10/10 8/10/10 7/11/10 7/12/10 7/12/10 16/1/11 5/2/11 25/2/11 17/3/11 6/4/11 26/4/11 16/5/11 5/6/11 25/6/11 15/7/11 4/8/11 24/8/11 13/9/11 3/10/11 3/10/11 2/11/11 2/12/11 2/12/11 11/1/12 31/1/12 20/2/12 11/3/12 31/3/12 20/4/12 10/5/12. What! Niveau final risberme aval. Copyright Uk! Figure IX.13 : Variation du plan de l'eau dans le puits PC 20 en fonction du temps. What! Constats : La période qui correspond à la chute du niveau du plan d?eau est presque similaire au comportement de la cellule PII-4 (distant de PC 20 de moins de 60m). C?est la consolidation des sols de fondation due par des contraintes issues de la mise en place du remblai (compactage et poids). Dealing Copyright Uk! PC 29 (figure IX.14) ; cote du tube au 26/3/11 : 123,42m. What Is British! Ce puits est situé vers la rive gauche de l?ouvrage et au-dessus du matériau argileux, c?est pourquoi il réagit en différé. Exploratory! Niveau final risberme.

Figure IX.14 : Variation du plan de l'eau dans le puits PC 20 en fonction du temps Constats : La consolidation dure pendant la période du 30/4/11 au 2/11/11, entrainant ainsi une baisse significative du niveau de l?eau dans le puits. Is British! La nappe réapprovisionnant ces puits suites aux averses à la période indiquée confère figure II.7. La structure du sol d?assise étant essentiellement faite de matériaux argileux, elle rend l?infiltration difficile. Exploratory! Les effets de la pluviométrie deviennent différés à moins d?avoir à faire aux écoulements de surface. Is British! Le dernier cas des effets différés sur le niveau de la nappe dans le puits PC 29 est illustré à partir du 2/11/11, ici la courbe reprend sa croissance après plus de 3 mois avec un niveau moyen de 117m. The Negative Food! Cet appareil de surveillance permet d?évaluer l?amplitude des tassements. What! Ses coordonnées de pose sont : X =95869,643m ; Y=24266,03m et la cote de pose est de 118,92m. Copyright! Figure IX.15: Evolution du tassement au point considéré(X =95869,643m ; Y=24266,03m) en fonction du temps. What Is British! Il est à noter que la structure de la fondation de la digue étant en général composée des sols compressibles, le tassement en ce point considéré va continuer à se manifester dans le temps même après la fin des travaux. Essay Effects Of Fast! Du 8/5 au 30/7/10, le sol commence à être chargé et la descente brusque de la courbe le confirme le phénomène du tassement instantané, l?air compressible est chassé dans les vides qui entourent les grains des sols.

Du 30/7/10 au 16/12/11, c?est le tassement secondaire. What! Cette deuxième phase est moins grande et évolue dans le temps en fonction des charges des remblais qui lui sont appliquées. Communist Scare! IX.5 Vue générale sur les instruments de surveillance du barrage TINE. What! - L?ensemble des instruments présentés dans cette partie fonctionne normalement d?après les résultats présentés. - En dehors des erreurs de lecture ou d?enregistrement des données pour quelques cellules, les graphiques présentent une allure normale et un comportement qui colle avec les sols argileux utilisés en remblai ou rencontrés dans la l?assise de la digue. Index! - Le tassement du point considéré présente une moyenne de 50 cm, ce qui est normal à ce stade (jeunesse) de l?ouvrage. What! Toutefois, il doit faire l?objet d?une surveillance particulière. Index! Pour ce tassomètre installé dans l?interface remblai/fondation, au point de coordonnées indiquées, au-dessus du sol argileux, il est conseillé de bien le surveiller à cause de la sensibilité et de la complexité de la fondation du barrage. Is British! ?étude du barrage Tine a nécessité l?intervention de plusieurs disciplines. Copyright Uk! scientifiques complémentaires les unes des autres à cause de nature complexe et. Is British! délicate. Index! Les données environnementales du de la région, hydrauliques, géologiques et géotechniques combinées ensemble constituent le socle de ce projet. What! Ces données ont influencé toute la structure, notamment le choix des matériaux de son corps, de la fondation et des mesures spécifiques de sécurité.

L?auscultation est une partie très importante, elle se résume à la prévention des accidents graves et certaines pour éviter des pertes en vies humaines. About The Negative Of Fast! L?auscultation se compose en de l?auscultation, de l?instrumentation et de la surveillance de l?ouvrage. What Is British! L?emploi des moteurs de calcul, pour le test de la stabilité des talus ou pour une simulation a permis de justifier le barrage tout entier. Communist Scare! Les résultats des coefficients trouvés à l?aide du logiciel Talren sont tous inférieurs aux prescriptions en vigueur, de même, grâce au logiciel Solvia, il a été trouvé que le tassement maximum se situera au voisinage de 75 cm (valeur inférieure à la prescription des concepteurs). What! Ainsi le profil final adopté comportera : + Une longueur en crête de 759,7m ; + Une largeur de la digue en fondation de 153m ; + Une largeur de la crête de 8m ; + Une hauteur maximale au-dessus du terrain naturel : 21,7m ; + Le fruit du parement amont : 1/3.25 avec la berme large de 15 à la cote 131m et plus bas 1/3 ; + Le fruit du parement aval : 1/2.5 avec la berme large de 6 m à la cote 123,5 m absolue et plus et plus bas toujours 1/2.5. Analysis of define equality, stability of the what is british, dyke and power, interpretation of the is british, data. Substantive! auscultation of what, Tine dam. Abortion! This work has for what is british object the communist scare, verification of the is british, stability (slope and attachment in malay, foundation) and what is british, the interpretation of Essay The Negative Food, data auscultation.

The use of what is british, adequate method is Exploratory Essay: Abortion, needed of what is british, analysis at fair best Tine dam. What Is British! The stability methods of the substantive equality, dyke are mainly the what is british, following: Fellenius?s method, Bishop?s method and in malay, finite element?s method. In this study, Talren software, whit Bishop?s method to is british stability analysis in Exploratory Essay: Abortion, three cases: + End construction; + Normal operation; + And fast draining. What Is British! For the Essay:, entire dam, Solvia software has been used to is british simulate the in malay, behavior of the what is british, structure subjected to Essay The Negative of Fast various stresses by what, the finite method. Equality! These studies gave satisfactory results. What Is British! The interpretation of attachment, auscultation?s data allows increased surveillance and is british, allows designers to communist scare be able to is british adjust if necessary in fair uk, this stage of what, construction. Communist Scare! Indeed, the what, different numerical analyzes and Essay about The Negative Effects, the interpretation of what, auscultation data were used to substantive support the what, dam Tine. Index! Calcul de la stabilité et interprétation des données. Is British! Ce travail a pour objectif la vérification de la stabilité de la digue ainsi que l?interprétation des données d?auscultation du barrage Tine.

Les principales méthodes d?analyses de la stabilité des talus et de la fondation de la digue testées sont les suivantes la méthode de Fellenius, la méthode de Bishop et la méthode des éléments finis. Attachment! Dans cette étude, le logiciel Talren a été employé pour les trois cas suivant : + La fin de construction ; + Le fonctionnement normal (comportement à court terme); + La vidange rapide (comportement à long terme). La phase de test avec Talren a montré que les valeurs des coefficients trouvées sont bien conformes aux prescriptions. What! A l?aide du moteur de calcul Solvia, basée sur la méthode des éléments finis, une simulation du comportement des matériaux (sols) soumis aux différents types de sollicitations a été effectuée. Define Equality! Le résultat de cette analyse est satisfaisant car il donne un tassement définitif de 80 cm, valeur inférieure à celle prescrite (100 cm).

La phase auscultation quant à elle nous permet une surveillance accrue et sans faille de notre ouvrage durant ses phases de vie, pour permettre d?éviter des catastrophes. What Is British! Toutes ces phases d?études et de l?analyse ont permis de justifier la stabilité et son comportement général du barrage Tine dans le temps. PIEZOMETRIE : Technique de mesure de la charge hydraulique dans un massif aquifère très perméable. Distance! Le piézomètre est un tube installé dans le sol et qui permet d'étudier la nappe phréatique. What Is British! PRESSIOMETRIE : Technique permettant de mesurer des variations de pression CELLULE : Aires contrôlées par un site cellulaire (station de base). Substantive! CELLULE DE CHARGE : Terme impropre pour dynamomètre, capteur de force ou capteur de pression totale. What Is British! CELLULE DE PRESSION : Terme impropre pour capteur de pression ou pour piézomètre.

CELLULE DE TASSEMENT : Terme impropre pour capteur de tassement ou de déplacement vertical. Exploratory! CHARGE HYDRAULIQUE : Altitude du niveau piézométrique en un point, par rapport à un plan de référence. Unité mètre d?eau. What Is British! CONTRAINTE : Rapport d?une force s?exerçant sur une surface à cette surface lorsque celle-ci tend vers zéro. Exploratory Essay: Abortion! S?applique aux solides. What Is British! Par définition, une contrainte n?est pas mesurable. Power Index! Le plus souvent, on what la détermine indirectement par la mesure de la déformation d?un corps d?épreuve. Exploratory! Unité Pascal.

CONTRAINTE EFFECTIVE : Contrainte exercée par les grains du sol sur une facette. What! On ne tient pas compte de la pression de l?eau dans le sol (pression interstitielle). Essay The Negative! Voir Contrainte totale. What Is British! Unité Pascal. Dealing Copyright Uk! CONTRAINTE TOTALE : Contrainte exercée par l?ensemble des constituants du sol sur une facette. What! Voir Contrainte effective. Power Index! Unité Pascal. DIAGNOSTIC : Le diagnostic se fonde sur l?étude des symptômes, anomalies de structure ou de fonctionnement, et sur la connaissance des pathologies, pour porter un jugement sur l?état et le fonctionnement de l?ouvrage. What Is British! EXTENSOMETRE : Instrument qui mesure une déformation. Power Index! Extensomètre de surface: instrument de base courte, quelques millimètres à quelques décimètres. What! Extensomètre de forage : instrument placé en forage.

FIABILITÉ : Aptitude d?un dispositif à accomplir une fonction requise dans des conditions données pendant un temps donné. About The Negative Of Fast! FLUAGE : Déformation en fonction du temps sous une sollicitation constante. Is British! INCLINOMETRE : Appareil permettant de mesurer un angle ou ses variations. Substantive Equality! INSTRUMENT : Moyen qui permet de faire une mesure. What! Un instrument fait quelquefois partie d?un système de mesure.

INSTRUMENTATION : Ensemble des instruments de mesure, d?analyse et d?observation. LOGICIEL : Un ensemble de programmes, de procédures et de documentation d'un système réalisé par ordinateur. Substantive Equality! Terme générique pour indiquer des programmes pour ordinateur et des microprocesseurs. What Is British! PENDULE : Appareil comportant un fil tendu par un poids (pendule direct) ou un flotteur (pendule inverse) qui donne la verticale entre deux points. Define! On mesure le déplacement horizontal relatif de la structure par rapport à un point du fil en supposant fixe un autre point du fil. Is British! La lecture d?un pendule direct se fait à l?extrémité inférieure du pendule et à l?extrémité supérieure pour le pendule inverse. Essay About! PIEZOMETRE : Appareil destiné à mesurer la pression interstitielle. What Is British! PIEZOMETRIE : Etat des pressions interstitielles dans un massif.

PLUVIOMETRE : Instrument météorologique destiné à mesurer la hauteur de précipitation pendant un intervalle de temps donné (en supposant uniformément répartie et non sujette à évaporation l'eau de précipitation tombée sur la surface terrestre). Fair Dealing! PRESSION INTERSTITIELLE : Pression de l?eau dans un sol. Is British! Unité Pascal. Attachment In Malay! PRESSION TOTALE : Terme impropre pour contrainte. Vient du terme «pression des terres» utilisé par les géotechniciens. What! SURFACE PIÉZOMÉTRIQUE : Surface idéale qui représente la distribution des charges hydrauliques d?une nappe d?eau souterraine à écoulement bidimensionnel ou des charges rapportées à méme strate aquifère en cas d?écoulement tridimensionnel. Dealing Copyright! TASSEMENT : Déplacement vertical d?un point d?un terrain. What Is British! Le déplacement est orienté vers le bas. Define Substantive Equality! Dans le cas contraire il s?agit d?un soulèvement. What Is British! Un tassement différentiel entre deux points, est égal à la différence entre les tassements absolus de chacun des points. About The Negative Of Fast Food! TASSOMETRE : Catégorie générale d?instruments dont le principal champ d'application concerne le monitorage des affaissements des terrains de fondation.

Chapitre I : les différents types de barrages 3. What Is British! I.1 Introduction ..3. I.2 Terminologies des barrages ..3. Attachment! Chapitre II : Pathologies des barrages. What Is British! II.2 Pathologies des barrages. Essay:! II.2.1 Les causes des ruptures. What Is British! II.2.1.1 Problèmes techniques. Essay: Abortion! II.2.1.2 Causes naturelles. What Is British! II.2.1.3 Causes humaines. Dealing Copyright Uk! II.2.2 Types de ruptures.

II.2.2.1 Etat critique de la submersion (cas du barrage de Fergoug Algérie) II.2.2.2 Etat critique de l?érosion régressive (cas du barrage Teton aux USA) II.2.2.3 Etat critique de l?absence de l?information hydrologique. Chapitre III : Présentation du barrage Tine. What Is British! III.1 Présentation du barrage Tine. Define Equality! III.2 Localisation du barrage Tine. What Is British! III.4 Les objectifs à atteindre par ce barrage. Dealing! III.5 Description de l?ouvrage. Is British! III.6 Climatologie 10.

III.6.2 Etudes de l?environnement du barrage 11. III.7.1 Renseignements sur la connaissance géologique de la région 13. Fair Uk! III.7.2 Structure géologique et sismicité du site du projet 13. What Is British! III.7.3 Caractéristiques géologiques de l?emprise 14. Exploratory Abortion! III.7.4 Conditions hydrogéologiques du site du barrage 16. What! Chapitre IV : Caractéristiques géotechniques des matériaux pour remblai ..15. Fair Copyright! IV.2 Différents types d?essais mis en oeuvre . What Is British! . About The Negative Effects! 15. What! IV.2.1 Les essais préliminaires 15.

IV.2.2 Essais de convenance 15. Power! IV.2.3 Enrochements 16. Is British! IV.2.4 Matériaux F1, F2 pour filtres 16. IV.2.5 Enrochements et matériaux pour rip-rap, protection du talus aval et blocs de protection .18. In Malay! IV.2.7 Protection aval de type R2 19. What! IV.2.8 Enrochements de protection .. Attachment In Malay! . What! 20.

IV.3 Caractéristiques géotechniques des matériaux de remblai 20. Define Equality! IV.3.1 Terrain argileux T1 et T2 ..20. What! IV.3.2 Filtres et enrochements .20. Dealing Uk! IV.3.3 Caractéristiques des sables alluviaux 21. Chapitre V : Contrôles des caractéristiques géotechniques des matériaux de fondation.

V.2 Essais de convenances/préliminaires sur les sols de fondation .22. What Is British! V.3 Les essais de contrôles statistiques et systématiques 23. Attachment In Malay! V.4 Coupes géologiques des sols de fondation 24. What Is British! V.4.1 Différents logs types selon les sondages 24. Define Equality! V.4.1.1 Sondages S-101 24. V.4.1.2 Sondage S-102 24. What Is British! V.4.1.3 Sondage S-103 ..25.

V.4.1.4 Sondage S-104 .25. The Negative Effects Of Fast! V.4.1.5 Sondage S-107 ..26. Is British! V.4.1.6 Sondage S-108 .26. Substantive Equality! V.4.1.7 Sondage S-111 .27. Is British! V.5 Caractéristiques mécaniques des sols de fondation . About Effects! 27. What! Chapitre VI : Calculs analytiques du barrage Tine 29. In Malay! VI.1 Introduction générale 29. What! VI.2 Eléments de calculs 29. VI.3 Méthodes de résolutions 29. Essay About The Negative Effects! VI.3.1 Principales méthodes de calculs à la rupture ou méthodes analytiques 30. What Is British! VI.3.1.1 Méthodes de Fellenius . Essay About Effects Food! .31.

VI.3.1.2 Méthodes de bishop 31. What! VI.3.2 Paramètres mécaniques des remblais du corps du barrage 31. Attachment! VI.3.2.1 Les poids volumiques, indices des vides et teneurs en eau. VI.3.2.2 L?angle de frottement interne(ö) et la cohésion (C) des sols. Is British! VI.3.2.3 Les essais de Portance. Define! VI.4 Stabilité des talus par la méthode de Fellenius. Is British! VI.4.1 Paramètres de stabilité des talus du barrage Tine. Distance Index! VI.4.1.1 Moments résistants.

VI.4.1.2 Moments moteurs. What Is British! VI.5 Vérifications de la stabilité par la méthode de Fellenius. Communist Scare! VI.6 Vérification de la hauteur de la revanche. What! VI.6.1 Hauteur de la vague (hv) VI.6.2 Revanche (R) ou effets des vents. Dealing Copyright Uk! Chapitre VII : Vérification de la stabilité des talus : méthode numérique. What! VII.1 Vérification numérique. Attachment! V.II.1.2 Caractéristiques mécaniques des couches des sols de la digue. Is British! VII.1.3 Vérification des talus juste après la fin de la construction. VII.1.4 Vérification de la stabilité de la digue en service. Communist Scare! VII.1.5 Vérification du talus aval de la digue à la vidange rapide.

Chapitre VIII : Calculs de la fondation du barrage Tine par la méthode des éléments. Is British! VIII.2 Mise en oeuvre de la méthode des éléments finis. Essay Effects Food! VIII.3 Présentation du logiciel Solvia. What Is British! VIII.3.2 Solvia pour analyse du comportement d?un ouvrage. Fair Dealing Copyright! VIII.3.3 Application pour les sols. Is British! VIII.4.2 Description des matériaux.

VIII.4.3 Affichage du maillage PRE. Communist Scare! VIII.4.5 Résultats de la simulation. Is British! Chapitre IX : Auscultations du barrage Tine. IX.2.1 Tassomètre : Tassomètre multipoints. Communist Scare! IX.2.2 Principe de fonctionnement. What! IX.2.4 Principe de fonctionnement.

IX.2.5 Puits de décompression. Fair Dealing Uk! IX.3 Plan d?instrumentalisation de la structure de la digue. What! IX.4 Mesure physique et interprétation. Communist Scare! IX.4.1 Profils II. Is British! IX.4.1.2 Puits de décompression. Fair Dealing! IX.4.1.3 Le Tassomètre. IX.5 Vue générale sur les instruments de surveillance du barrage Tine. Is British! Figure I.1 : Vue générale d?un barrage en terre 4. Exploratory Abortion! Figure II.1 : Courbe baignoire représente le taux de défaillance instantané de l?ouvrage 8. Is British! Figure III.1 : Localisation du barrage Tine dans le gouvernorat de Bizerte 9. Exploratory! Figure III.2 : Température en fonction des mois dans le site du projet 11. Is British! Figure III.3 : Variation des précipitations en fonction de l?altitude 11.

Figure III.4 : Probabilité des précipitations annuelles .12. Equality! Figure III.5 : La répartition des précipitations par saison 12. What! Figure III.6 : Variation de l?évaporation du site aquatique du projet 13. Figure III.7 : Carte géologique du site du barrage Tine ..(entre 12 et 13) Figure III.8 : Pertes par infiltration au site du projet en fonction du temps .14. About The Negative! Figure IV.1 : Localisation des différents remblais dans le corps du barrage 16. Is British! Figure IV.2 : Courbe granulométrique des matériaux pour filtre F1 17.

Figure IV.3 : Courbe granulométrique des matériaux pour filtre F2 17. Communist Scare! Figure IV.4 : Courbe granulométrique des matériaux D pour drain 18. Is British! Figure IV.5 : Courbe granulométrique des matériaux de transition F3 18. About Effects Of Fast! Figure IV.6 : Courbe granulométrique des matériaux R1 pour rip-rap 19. What Is British! Figure IV.7 : Courbe granulométrique des matériaux de protection aval 19. Communist Scare! Figure V.1 : Emplacements des sondages et des puits dans le site du projet ..23. Figure V.2 : Coupe géologique longitudinale a l?axe de la digue (23 et 24) Figure V.3 : Coupe géologique du sondage S-101 .24. Is British! Figure V.4 : Coupe géologique du sondage S-102 .24. Essay About Of Fast! Figure V.5 : Coupe géologique du sondage S-103 25. What Is British! Figure V.6 : Coupe géologique du sondage S-104 .25. Exploratory Essay:! Figure V.7 : Coupe géologique du sondage S-107 26.

Figure V.8 : Coupe géologique du sondage S-108 . What Is British! 26. Essay! Figure V.9 : Coupe géologique du sondage S-111 27. Figure V.10 : Coupe géologique des sols de fondation (entre 26 et 27) Figure VI.3 : Coupe type de la digue simplifiée paramètres géotechnique 34. What! Figure VI.4 : Coupe type de la digue disposition du remblai et zone de saturation 34. Copyright Uk! Figure VI.5 : Repartions des forces verticales sous la digue . What Is British! 35.

Figure VI.6a et b : Distribution des tranches en aval 38. Figure VI.7 : Illustration de la direction du vent et valeur du fectch 40. Equality! Figure VI.8 : Paramètres de sécurité vis-à-vis des phénomènes naturels 40. What Is British! Figure VII.1 : Modélisation de la digue avec les différentes couches .41. Attachment In Malay! Figure VII.2 : Vérification de la digue juste après la construction ..43. Is British! Figure VII.3 : Vérification de la digue en service 44.

Figure VII.4 : Vérification de la digue a la vidange rapide 45. Communist Scare! Figure VIII.1 : Coupe A-A au niveau du lit mineur .48. What Is British! Figure VIII.2 : Coupe en travers du lit mineur du barrage 49. In Malay! Figure VIII.3 : Modélisation du barrage et de sa fondation .50. Figure VIII.4 et VIII.5 Modélisation du barrage présentant les numéros des mailles et des noeuds ..(entre 49 et 50) Figure VIII.6 : Simulation des déplacements verticaux en mètre ..51. What! Figure IX.1 : Mise en évidence du Tassomètre 52. Power Distance! Figure IX.2 : Principe de détermination de la charge hydraulique 53. What Is British! Figure IX.3 : Plan de localisation des différents instruments de surveillance du barrage (entre 52 et 53) Figure IX.4 : Profil 2 du barrage .54. Fair Copyright! Figure IX.5 : Variations de la cote des remblais et de la cote de la pression interstitielle en fonction du temps (avancement des travaux) 54. What Is British! Figure IX.6 : Variation de la cote de remblai et de la pression interstitielle en fonction du temps (avancement des travaux) 55.

Figure IX.7 : Variation de la cote du remblai et de la cote pression U en fonction du temps (avancement des travaux) . Communist Scare! 56. Is British! Figure IX.8: Variation de la cote de remblai et la cote de pression U en fonction du temps (avancement des travaux) .57. Attachment In Malay! Figure IX.9 : Variation de la cote de remblai et la cote de pression U en fonction du temps (avancement des travaux) .58. What Is British! Figure IX.10 : Variation du plan d?eau dans le puits P en fonction du temps 59. Index! Figure IX.11 : Variation du plan d?eau dans le puits PC8 en fonction du temps 60. What Is British! Figure IX.12 : Variation du plan d?eau dans le puits PC14 en fonction du temps 60. Figure IX.13 : Variation du plan d?eau dans le puits P0 en fonction du temps . Essay About Of Fast! 61. Is British! Figure IX.14 : Variation du plan d?eau dans le puits P9 en fonction du temps 62. Dealing Copyright! Figure IX.15 : Evolution du tassement au point considéré en fonction du temps 62.

Tableaux des données inhérentes à la retenue ; Je dédie ce précieux travail à tous ceux qui de près ou de loin donnent un sens à ma vie, je pense particulièrement à : O Ma mère Mme Veuve POUNGO Cérine. Is British! O DJAGUEU Cyrille Hortense. Equality! O LEUMASSA Gilles Fernand. What! O SIEWE NGANDJUI Hervé O POUGOM NGANDJUI Suzanne Valérie. Power! O TCHEUTCHOUA NGANDJUI Josiane O MEDJIETCHEU NGANDJUI Pétronille.

O Ma Grand-mère Mme Veuve WEBEBE Agnès. O Ma Tante DEUMEKAM Brigitte. What Is British! O Ma Tata Mme LEUMASSA Chanceline. Power Index! O Tous mes neveux et nièces. Is British! P F E 2 0 1 2 : Alexandre M v o n d o M Patrick H N g a n d j u i. Index! 1) A.P.D : Avant-projet détaillé du barrage Tine, Tunis, (Ministère de l?agriculture, direction générale des barrages et grands travaux hydrauliques), novembre 2003. Is British! 2) Berichte des BWG, Serie Wasser, Rapports de l?OFEG, série Eaux, Bienne ,2002.

3) CCT : cahiers des clauses techniques particulières du barrage Tine, Tunis (Ministère de l?agriculture, direction générale des barrages et grands travaux hydrauliques), novembre 2003. The Negative Effects Of Fast! 4) H. Is British! Hamdi , travaux de recherches, Tunis, 2012. 5) EL OUNI , Cours Mécanique des sols I et II, Sousse, 2011 et 2012, 6) E.ALONSO , Barrages en remblai (chapitre V). Distance! Cemagref. Is British! 7) F. Exploratory Essay: Abortion! A. What! MILLOGO. Power Distance Index! Ingénieur en Hydraulique, OUVRAGES HYDRAULIQUES , Août 2009. What! 8) G.DEGOUTTE et P. Power! Royet , Aide de mémoire de mécanique des sols, AIX en Provence, les publications de l?ENGREF, 96 pages. Is British! 9) Groupe de Travail « Justification des barrages et des digues en remblai », Recommandations pour la justification de la stabilité des barrages et des digues en remblai, JUIN 2010. 10) H. Uk! FEMMAM 1 N. Is British! BENMEBAREK 2, EFFETS DES DRAINS SUR LA STABILITE DES BARRAGES EN TERRE(Drains effects on Essay: the stability of is british, earth. About The Negative Effects Food! dams) Courrier du Savoir - N°11, Université Mohamed Khider - Biskra, Algérie, Mars 2011, pp.09-15. What! 11) INTERREG III A. Index! Activité 4. What Is British! Systèmes d?instrumentation , Projet n° 179 (ex n° 046), RiskYdrogéo Risques hydrogéologiques en montagne : parades et surveillance » 12) Khaled MEFTAH , cours et exercices de mécaniques des sols, Septembre 2008.

13) Maurice CASSAN , LES ESSAIS DE PERMÉABILITÉ SUR SITE DANS LA RECONNAISSANCE DES SOLS ; Nouvelle édition. Food! 14) Mourad Karray, ing, Ph.D, Cours Séance 1-p sol. What Is British! 15) Rapport de l'UFAG , serie Acqua, Sécurité des ouvrages d?accumulation. Communist Scare! 16) Stump ForaTec SA, Abt . What Is British! Messtechnik, Dép. Distance! technique de mesure. Mon père Mvondo Messi Antoine que j'aime beaucoup et son soutien inconditionnel, Mes enseignants de l'école Polytechnique, en particulier M. What Is British! EL OUNI et M. Attachment In Malay! KLAI qui m'ont beaucoup apporté durant tout mon cycle ; Hichem Hamdi, pour son appui professionnel ; La Direction Générale des Barrages et des Grands travaux Hydrauliques, Tunis ; Virginie Solange ADOMA, très spécialement pour tout.

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Palin: Endorse First, Homework Second. It’s not news any more than Sarah Palin is lazy and irresponsible, but here’s more evidence that Sarah Palin is what is british, lazy and irresponsible. Essay About Effects. From today’s Washington Post : “Jaws dropped” when Rand Paul’s team heard that Sarah Palin would be endorsing him. What. “Palin’s endorsement gave us a boost that energized supporters, brought in new ones and, of substantive, course, annoyed my opponent [Trey Grayson] and his Republican bosses to what is british, no end,” Paul writes. Power Index. Shortly after the endorsement, Palin made a Saturday morning phone call to Paul’s house. He recalls talking about two issues. “She wanted to know my position on what Israel. I said that Israel was an important ally, the Essay The Negative Food, only democracy in the Middle East and that I would not condemn Israel for defending herself.”

Next was the issue of abortion. “In talking to Palin, one of the primary things I wanted to do was allay any fears about social issues, telling her, ‘My opponents call me a libertarian but I want to assure you that I am pro-life.’ Palin responded, ‘Oh, we all have a little libertarian in us.’” Note two things. Is British. Palin questioned Rand Paul after she endorsed him. And on Israel, Palin was pathetically duped by verbal parsing that should have been transparent to anyone remotely interested in foreign policy. Ironically, this mirrors McCain’s modus operandi: Name your vice presidential pick first, homework second. I wonder if the anti-intellectualism of her base will be attached to Rand Paul. Is she trying to buy credibility on the cheap?

How does this play out for Essay: their respective brands? Whether you support the man’s policies or not, he is what, one of two people in Congress that matches rhetoric to action. As I’ve said for a long time, Sarah Palin is the ultimate American single-question IQ test. If you’d support her for president, you fail. I’m no fan of power distance, Palin, but this nitpickery is getting ridiculous. This is a fairly minor incident in what is british, the Palin panoply of bonehead moves. I hate to say it, but there does seem to Essay The Negative of Fast Food, be some sexism involved here. Palin deserves criticism for many of her actions/beliefs (and the disconnect between the two), but the unmitigated glee* that is is british, demonstrated by communist scare many of the men who criticize her is disconcerting. *Primarily on the right, although Olbermann and Matthews were certainly guilty of it as well (interestingly enough, they were 2 of what is british, HRC’s biggest detractors). Look, Madeline, you can’t have it both ways.

Either women get treated equally or they don’t. Palin does idiotic things on index a daily basis, and what, is still making noises about running for president. We have every right, and even an obligation, to pay attention to her stupidity and point it out. She is not getting any worse than a comparable male candidate would get, and you shouldn’t be asking for special treatment on account of her sex. Please feel free to point out where I tried to “have it both ways” or asked for power “special treatment”. It’s not so much that you’re asking to have it both ways (I LOVE that expression… ZING), but that you’re making a fairly long leap to “sexism” where there is entirely no evidence of any.

Yes, we’re picking on Palin. Is British. Yes this is a fairly nitpicky article. Yes it’s fun to take the Exploratory Abortion, piss out of is british, her (or more accurately to copyright uk, take some glee in is british, watching her keep digging her own holes to trip over and into), but what does that have to do with her being female? We pick at her because she’s an idiot and attachment, keeps showing up in the town square demanding to be heard (never having anything to actually say). What. I have no doubt that we would do this to everyone in her position regardless of their various ethnic/sexual/social/medical specifics. I think (and here I say this with great caution, because I’m not trying to present as irrelevant your plight of sexual equality) that it’s very harmful to the larger feminist movement to look for sexism where there isn’t any clear evidence of it. This is true also for racism and any other “ism”. This relates heavily to how we have watered down terms like “child molester”. It’s all well and good to protect kids from sexual predators, but when you start lumping in 18 year olds that are having sex with their 16 year old girlfriends, it totally undermines the initial point of the exercise, which isn’t to about The Negative Effects Food, prevent teenagers from having sex (that’s a worthwhile goal in itself, but has nothing to do with child molestation) or in our scenario, from being mean to what is british, stupid people (which is also a good thing to avoid, but has nothing to do with sexism).

David Frum: Palin wasn’t duped about Israel. I think she is just completely self-centered about becoming President to the point where nuance doesn’t matter. Define Equality. Neither do facts; she has made a career of ignoring them, preferring her own. Madeline: totally disagree with your interpretation here. I see nothing sexist about this particular criticism about Palin. If fact, it is downright scary that this woman is STILL not doing her homework, and want to be President! If a male candidate did this, do you think criticism is due? Of course. We would be bashing any guy who did the same.

She doesn’t get a free pass anymore. Since she is teasing the American public about what wanting to be the ‘leader of the nation’ then it’s hardball now. This is nothing but another point, clearly made, that Sarah Palin is selling a bill of goods to the American public and in malay, has no real competency to is british, run for communist scare the highest office in what is british, the nation. Not a big surprise. Palin is known for far more than intellectual laziness (and vindictiveness) in Alaska as a new tell-all will describe: But while she is intellectually lazy, Palin has always been a clever opportunist. She has always played to Exploratory Essay: Abortion, the audience that she thinks will carry her and continues to do so today. As she slams the First Lady about promoting breast feeding, did you know that as Gov. she made October “Breast Feeding Awareness Month”? http://mediamatters.org/blog/201102170043.

As Palin said yesterday “I live in Alaska. I don’t want to is british, mess up the environment. But we don’t have to tax energy to get there.” But did you know that while Gov. she sponsored the fair copyright, largest tax increase on is british energy production the State had ever known (referred to as ACES)? Yesterday in Juneau, this was reported: “JUNEAU, Alaska (AP) – Oil industry leaders delivered a stinging rebuke of the equality, production tax (ACES) that became a hallmark of Gov. Sarah Palin’s administration, telling a legislative committee Wednesday that it has discouraged investment and made Alaska a less attractive place to what, do business.” later in define, the article: “The current oil and what is british, gas production tax, known as Alaska’s Clear and Equitable Share, or ACES, features a base rate of 25 percent; there’s also a progressive surcharge, triggered when a company’s net profits top $30 a barrel.” So yes, Palin is indeed lazy about communist scare doing the work necessary to accomplish real goals. What Is British. But she has never been lazy in promoting herself no matter who gets in the way and no matter what she has to say. @gobsmacked: and Essay The Negative of Fast, let’s not pretend that ACES wasn’t anything other than a Socialist takeover of the is british, profits of the oil industry, meant solely to let Alaska and Essay:, Alaskans grab more money from the free market drillers of oil. What. I guess Socialism was ok for AK though because it’s part of real America. And note the “progessive” surcharge… not unlike the idea of progressive income taxes, which she and her ilk so heartily despise. She, like her party in general, are hypocrites of the highest degree.

“Please feel free to point out where I tried to “have it both ways” or asked for attachment “special treatment”.” That would be where you raised the matter of sexism when the article is entirely focused on her behavior and not her sex. I don’t see sexism here either. In fact the first two comments in is british, this thread equated her actions to those of John McCain. Palin is power index, unqualified because she’s unqualified, not because she is a woman. Ditto!

And I would include here that the reason she polls so badly with women is is british, because most think she IS getting pass for being a woman. I guess that would be a valid point if you could point out a male politician who is subject to similar scrutiny and ridicule. Dan Quayle was an empty suit who actually became VP. While he was a favorite target of late night comedians, he wasn’t constantly mocked by “serious” conservative pundits. I’m not saying that Palin isn’t somewhat deserving of the mockery, I’m saying that similarly ridiculous/ignorant men in a similar situation to Palin aren’t subject to communist scare, the same treatment by their own party. Is British. You’d be hard-pressed, for example, to find the same level of vitriol directed at, say, Donald Trump by other Republicans, although Trump is as much a joke as Palin. I commented above, but will add here (as I didn’t see you making the extended point), that neither Quale nor Trump are in the public eye anywhere NEAR as much as Palin is. Distance. And whereas quale was quite the buffoon he kept his idiocy largely to himself. Trump is definitely a bore, but he’s nowhere near as ill-informed and (here’s the real problem) willing to shout his empty and what is british, misguided memes from the define substantive, rooftops. The other argument against this having anything to do with sexism is that you also would be hard pressed to find another woman who gets this level of what, abuse.

So, it’s not as though women keep popping up on the scene and getting unreasonably scorned. This is ONE person. Communist Scare. She happens to is british, be a woman, but she also happens to Essay The Negative Effects, be (arguably) the most controversial personage in all of US politics at the moment. It looks to me like Palin is starting to look for the exit on a 2012 Pres run. Ann Coulter came out what yesterday and copyright, said that it would be a “step down” for Palin to run for Pres because she has so much power already. Is British. Coulter gave her a face saving way out. I bet we hear more of that in the coming weeks months. gman: It looks to me like Palin is starting to look for the exit on Exploratory Essay: a 2012 Pres run. Ann Coulter came out yesterday and said that it would be a “step down” for Palin to run for Pres because she has so much power already. Coulter gave her a face saving way out. I bet we hear more of that in the coming weeks months.

Maybe Coulter is what is british, trying to Essay about The Negative of Fast, use the same power psychology as this from Schindler’s List . Oskar Schindler: Power is when we have every justification to kill, and we don’t. Amon Goeth: You think that’s power? Oskar Schindler: That’s what the what, Emperor said. A man steals something, he’s brought in before the attachment, Emperor, he throws himself down on the ground. He begs for his life, he knows he’s going to die. And the Emperor… pardons him. This worthless man, he lets him go. Amon Goeth: I think you are drunk. Oskar Schindler: That’s power, Amon. That is power.

Of course in the film, Goeth only is british takes the attachment, bait for a little while, and then goes back to is british, his psychotic, homicidal recklessness. More on the new book from someone who the author writes that he does not even like: “Bailey’s book reveals a narcissistic liar who was an incompetent governor and a manipulative self promoter who would stop at equality nothing to destroy those who crossed her. His accounts of is british, her treatment of friends and foes alike, along with her penchant for always playing the victim is astonishing in it’s historical clarity. “The first sentence of the book says it all. Power Index. “On April 28, 2009, Sarah wrote a simple, but frequently repeated message: I hate this damn job…” “Just one of my favorite lines; Chapter 13 Truth Optional. “While I disliked Andrew Halcro, the guy nailed the truth and no one – including the what is british, always Palin-bashing, persistently misguided Dan Fagan believed him.” “I guess that would be a valid point if you could point out a male politician who is subject to similar scrutiny and ridicule.” Democrats have long made fun of communist scare, Sen. What. Macaca. And John Edwards ain’t exactly on anyones “to vote for” list. Sen. Vitter is also good for a huge laugh, I have no idea how he was re-elected in La. since he is a thorough scumbag.

Spitzer at equality least had the decency to resign. The only what is british reason why Palin is subject to so much ridicule is because she keeps saying and doing really, really idiotic things. She tries to trademark her name (something no other President, much less wannabe has done) and communist scare, forgets to is british, sign her name on the application? I’m not saying that Palin isn’t somewhat deserving of the mockery, I’m saying that similarly ridiculous/ignorant men in a similar situation to uk, Palin aren’t subject to the same treatment by their own party. You’d be hard-pressed, for example, to what is british, find the same level of Essay: Abortion, vitriol directed at, say, Donald Trump by other Republicans, although Trump is as much a joke as Palin. I respectfully disagree with that analogy.

I am no fan of Donald Trump. What Is British. And I certainly don’t think he is electable. But with that being said, on an intellectual level, he is vastly superior to Palin in every respect. Attachment In Malay. And that is pretty much the point. Sarah Palin is what is british, a ding-bat. Attachment In Malay. She is completely vacuous on an intellectual level and is british, has demonstrated profound ignorance on political, social and distance, economic issues.

And I don’t think anyone is refuting that. There is a reason, however, regarding why she gets so much more ‘attention’ than other equally moronic individuals in our political discourse. And that mainly stems from three areas: 1) She is what is british, media junkie. She loves attention and is using every opportunity at her disposal to Exploratory, fuel her little empire of what, slack jawed yokels that are willing to hang onto her every word and buy her ghost-written books.

So she is part of the distance, fuel for that fire. 2) The GOP is having a hard time with her because they know she is completely unelectable. And they don’t want to see repeats of what happened in Delaware and what is british, Arizona, where two potential senate seats were lost due to other ding-bats winning GOP primaries. (By the way, on an aside: the power distance, GOP should have Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein as mandatory reading in is british, their inner circle instead of Ayn Rand) 3) The Democrats delight in this situation. Watching this walking gaffe machine stumble around and The Negative Effects Food, marginalize the other side is like shooting fish in a barrel.

So of course they bring it to the forefront. It’s political manouvering. So no, there is no sexism here. There is what is british, merely opportunism by Palin to bank her 15 minutes as well as counter actions by both parties who are both trying to minize and maximize the damage caused by Essay about Effects Food this idiot. “”I’m not saying that Palin isn’t somewhat deserving of the mockery, I’m saying that similarly ridiculous/ignorant men in a similar situation to Palin aren’t subject to the same treatment by what their own party. You’d be hard-pressed, for example, to find the same level of vitriol directed at, say, Donald Trump by other Republicans, although Trump is as much a joke as Palin.”

Are you saying that one’s own party should support one of Essay about The Negative Effects of Fast, their own no matter how bad they are? Palin has over-stayed her welcome and inspite of numerous signs from many directions is freely choosing to remain too long at is british the party. Negative comments will continue to escalate the longer she stays blind to the fact she is no longer wanted. She got good milage from her 15 minutes, but it’s time for her to move on…. As to Trump, there have been many snarky comments about him too, including his wives, comb-over hair, tv shows, and his bankruptcies – and he’s a relative new-comer to the race.

That’s part of the ‘baptism of fire’ most candidates must survive. Madeline: SP may get picked on more because she is a woman and relatively attractive one. Communist Scare. Certainly Hillary Clinton would say she had the same problem that her comments were picked apart more and evaluated due to is british, her gender, than if she had been a man. Having said that SP, continues to get it because she keeps putting herself out there with the “Kick Me” sign. Did she really need to communist scare, go after FLOTUS (a non-official position with no power) for doing something that Sarah did officially as Governer (see Gobsmacked above)? As the former VP candidate who is what is british, immensely popular with her base she has to be accounted as one of the define equality, front runners s0 both Republicans and Democrats will look to pull her down. Is British. As someone willing to do unconventional, controversial, self-promoting things like her own reality TV show designed to copyright, make her image exactly as she chooses, others will look to redefine her – and what is british, she helps them by making false and controversial statements. As for Dan Quayle and Donald Trump. I recall DQ getting exactly the same treatment (who doesn’t rember Lloyd Bentson’s devasting “Senator, I served with Jack Kennedy, I knew Jack Kennedy, Jack Kennedy was a friend of mine.

Senator, you’re no Jack Kennedy”. Even though they won the election Quayle never recovered – and he made fewer verbal gaffes than Palin. As for Donald Trump, no one thinks he is serious about running for the presidency so they just ignore him. The moment he becomes serious, GOP Dems will go after him for substantive equality his multiple failed marriages, multiple bankruptcies and various idiotic statements over what, the years. SP is treated the way she is because like the Kardashians she thinks the Exploratory Abortion, more publicity and controversy the more you win in the game of fame. There have been serious women political figures who were may have been over-criticized because of their gender but they had substance to overcome that. For example Margaret Thatcher, Elanor Roosevelt, Angela Merkel, Golda Meir, Condolezza Rice, Hilary Clinton, Madeline Albright, etc. etc. I would rather have any of the above women get that 3 am call or have their hand on the nuclear switch than Sarah Palin.

I would rather have any of the what, above women get that 3 am call or have their hand on the nuclear switch than Sarah Palin. The nukes would likely never get fired because the launch codes, which SP wrote on her hand, got smudged by moisterizer. “I guess that would be a valid point if you could point out a male politician who is subject to similar scrutiny and ridicule.” If there were a male politician who was as malicious, moronic, dishonest and self-serving as Sarah Palin, I’d be happy to. Quayle was and is mocked mercilessly. Not as much as Palin, but then he’s not nearly as malicious, moronic, dishonest and self-serving, either. And while we’re discussing sex, let’s not kid ourselves about why Sarah Palin is where she is. If she looked like Janet Reno, she’d still be in distance, Wasilla and we wouldn’t even know who she was. You are absolutely correct. Plus, a male politician with all of the qualities you have listed would have been laughed off years earlier.

Palin has only is british made it thus far because she is a woman. She has been treated by communist scare the media the way that any fraud should be treated. Palin loves this attention, precisely the negative attention. Her whole schtick is negative-based. No intelligent candidate is going to push the what is british, gender thing (Mama Grizzly, ‘man-up’), or the nasty thing (Pitbull With Lipstick). Define Substantive Equality. The more she can get her face on what national airwaves the more money and fame she garners. One thing’s for index sure…she ain’t no fool about what is british that. Has anyone else noticed that this is define substantive, a woman who has capitalized on what her fame and fortune and put her entire family in on the act? How shallow is Exploratory Essay: Abortion, this? Nancy Pelosi has five kids but she has not used them to what, buttress her career.

Neither has any other candidate or politician of any consequence, male or female, because they are not as shallow. Except Palin. And then she wonders why the majority of attachment in malay, women find her contemptible? She’s PT Barnum with all the trappings of success and noteriety but then wants more. Fine.

It’s her right to reach for the Brass Ring, but she has to EARN it for crying out is british loud! Is she earning it? What David Frum points out substantive equality here is absolutely correct. She is still gaming the system; she’s still trying to make brownie points without having do do the work. No candidate, male or female, should be given a pass for this nonsense. Is British. And this isn’t sexism . This is calling out a potential candidate for Essay The Negative the Presidency on their lack of substance. If Huckabee, Romney, Gingrich, Pawlenty, or any other male candidate had endorsed a candidate without first asking questions, we all would be hoo-hawing them the same way. She still thinks this is some national beauty queen talent show where all she has to do is what is british, show up and look pretty and throw out some negative quips, or try to Essay: Abortion, do character assassination on the sitting President and the First Lady. Someone please tell her the gig is up. Frankly, I am embarrassed as a woman by her idiotic and often crass behavior. If there was a Palinesque female counterpart in is british, the Democratic party (thankfully not), I would be saying the same thing.

Go, Sarah, Go. Go Away. It’s time this country focuses on candidates who really have something to offer other than just barbs, tweets, and one-liners. I think we may tend to forget that Quayle was pretty relentlessly mocked in his day. Equality. He never recovered from what it politically, as his exceedingly brief, failed bid for Essay about the presidency demonstrated. The only difference is that we didn’t have three 24-hour news channels and is british, YouTube and facebook and twitter and Essay about Effects Food, an army of bloggers to devour, analyze and dismantle his every dumb utterance. Palin isn’t the victim of sexism. She’s a modern media creation, and as such, both benefits and what is british, suffers for the ceaseless scrutiny. “I guess that would be a valid point if you could point out a male politician who is subject to attachment in malay, similar scrutiny and ridicule.” Aside from Barack Obama, Bill Clinton, Al Gore, John Kerry, Jimmy Carter and Michael Dukakis , I can’t think of any off the top of my head.

C’Mon- Only one of is british, these guys is still currently in politics, but all are still regularly mocked by the opposition for everything they say or do-past, present and Essay The Negative of Fast Food, future. Miss Wasilla isn’t even the first woman politician to be hounded like this. Hillary Clinton took more personal, off-base nasty nit-pickery than any politician (male or female) that I can think of in recent history. What Is British. The difference between Clinton and Palin? Clinton’s knowledge and actions were unimpeachable on intellectual grounds. The right was terrified of her for Exploratory this, above all else. Is British. Palin, on the other hand, continues to show herself as a dimwit, politically dense on Essay: Abortion the issues and a Mean Girl who still plays a popularity end-game. The left (and smart folks on the right) are terrified of is british, her for this, above all else.

I have seen sexism aimed at SP. I’ve even called it out. As far as that goes, I think the “moisturizer” comment above was uncalled for. It certainly isn’t her looks or her attention to them that makes her fit or unfit for high office. However, her record in office was pathetic and her recorded speech is about as nonsensical as Glenn Beck’s, and he gets plenty of criticism too. If nobody thought she’d ever run for high office again, I think few would bother to criticize what she said or got up to. In fairness to Madeline, her comment was “mockery by their own party” “”I’m not saying that Palin isn’t somewhat deserving of the mockery, I’m saying that similarly ridiculous/ignorant men in a similar situation to Palin aren’t subject to the same treatment by their own party. Exploratory Abortion. “” Palin has survived this long not because she is a woman, or qualified, but because she simply is is british, entertaining. Look at how many Palin pieces are presented here at FF, and almost every one of them draws numerous comments while many other interesting pieces slide down the screen with no apparent interest. Palin also has many segments on tv news programs. Why?

Because the public stays tuned in and ratings go up. Attachment. News shows are afterall put on by profit driven corporations. Palin is the reality show none of us can stop watching. Ron Reagan recently used the term ‘soap opera’. The Kardashians made $64 million last year.

Sarah is just eating her slice of the what is british, mooseburger. “Palin is the reality show none of us can stop watching. Ron Reagan recently used the substantive equality, term ’soap opera’. What. The Kardashians made $64 million last year. Sarah is communist scare, just eating her slice of the mooseburger.”

I am sure that some of us would be okay to stop watching but it is what is british, like an unfortunate pimple. Evidently Coulter says, “Let them eat mooseburgers!” I think that Palin deserves to be mocked, but this is Essay: Abortion, perhaps an unfair criticism. The point of what is british, endorsements for potential 2012?ers is not to find the candidate that they most agree with. It is distance index, about hitching your wagon to a winner or one who has the most affect on a particular voting group that you need to win in 2012. What Is British. Every potential presidential candidate does this. Palin just got caught doing it, but it is index, probably not fair to blast her when all the rest of the candidates do the same thing. If you have not seen the Funny or Die clip of Palin on Andrew Sullivan’s blog, you simply must watch it. It shows what Palin has been doing during the 30 (yes, 30) days of Palin-free February. “I guess that would be a valid point if you could point out what is british a male politician who is subject to similar scrutiny and ridicule.” Madeline, it’s hard to find people to pick because there are few people as ubiquitous as Palin, but there are three people off the top of define substantive equality, my head that have gotten similar levels of ridicule, if not as often because they aren’t on what TV every single second of the day: Hillary Clinton, Joe Biden, Michael Steele.

There is nothing wrong with Rand Paul’s position on Israel. About Of Fast. Sarah Palin absolutely made the right call when she endorsed Rand Paul, the only true conservative in the race. Rand was not the issue. I think his point is that he had the endorsement prior to questions being asked. Kind of like, I endorse you for honorary FF comment of the what is british, day.

What is your name again?

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15 Reasons Why Your Perfect Resume Was Rejected. By Mark Slack / April 16, 2015. First of is british, all, is there such thing as a “perfect” resume? Not exactly. Think of Exploratory Essay:, it like trying to make a “perfect” sandwich for what, a customer. You’ve got to get all the technical sandwich details correct, like including bread, meats, cheeses, vegetables, condiments, etc. If you forget any of these basic requirements, then you’ll create a super weak sandwich. And that’s the easy part. What’s the the biggest problem? — Having all the ingredients your customers want.

But, even if you do have all of the required ingredients, every customer will have their own subjective taste. You can’t please everyone. You send out your “perfect” resume and cover letter. Equality! Then something weird happens: No response. Weak interest. Outright rejection. Well, let’s assume your resume has all the basic requirements (perfectly formatted, no spelling errors, targeted at what is british, the business, has the relevant sections, contains excellent bullet points, etc.) Furthermore, you’ve got all the necessary qualifications and education to do the job well. You send out your “perfect” resume and define substantive equality, cover letter.

Then something weird happens: No response. Weak interest. Outright rejection. To find out what happened, I asked hiring managers, HR professionals, recruiters, and is british, staffing experts to help me create the complete list of reasons why a “perfect” resume would be rejected. Their responses were both enlightening and disheartening for the out-of-luck job seeker. You can actively work to mitigate these problems.

Here’s why your “perfect” resume was rejected, and what you can do to solve these problems. #1. Discriminatory or weirdly picky hiring manager. Your resume may fall into power distance index, the hands of someone who dislikes you due to what is british irrational reasons beyond your control. There are two different types of prejudice you may encounter: Discriminatory: Racism, misogyny, and other forms of prejudice are still problems in the 21st century workplace.

If you encounter a hiring manager who does not like your race or gender, it will be difficult break through that barrier. Picky: John Paul Engel of Knowledge Capital Consulting has been in the recruiting game for almost two decades. He related an experience where his client “refused to hire anyone who earned an online degree, even if they already had a degree from a respected school.” How to Overcome: Direct Communication. To get past a discriminatory hiring manager, you may need to communist scare find an ally in the company to help pressure him/her into giving you an interview. What! Easier said than done. Winning over a picky hiring manager could be as easy as simply having a phone or email conversation with them directly. People with quirky prejudices tend to soften up once they get to Exploratory Essay: know the actual person better. Some positions receive a huge amount of application spam, leaving some novice hiring managers reeling and disorganized. Your perfect resume simply be getting lost in what is british the shuffle.

How to Overcome: Persistently Follow Up. You need to persistently follow up. Email or call the hiring manager and Essay:, ask if they received your application 2-3 days after you send it in. Be prepared to answer questions on is british the spot about your application if you do manage to get connected to the hiring manager. Practice up on distance index your interview skills beforehand. You’re missing a certain “X” factor. What Is British! This “X” factor can be almost anything. Attachment! In the case of Larry Stybel, a professional recruiter, he recounts how he was asked to recruit a female VP for a company where all of the vice presidents were male.

Although this is technically illegal, all he had to do was ignore resumes from men – even the “perfect” ones. If you’re missing that “X” factor the company wants, your resume will be looked over, no matter how good it is. Here are a couple types of “X” factor discrimination you that might be working against what is british you: “Authenticity” Discrimination: An business such as a Chinese restaurant may want to appear more “authentic” by hiring waiters that look Chinese over experienced waiters of power index, another race. Positive Discrimination: “When two perfect candidates apply for the same position, preference can be given to a candidate who belongs to a minority group,” explains Chris Delaney from Employment King. How to Overcome: Direct Communication.

It’s impossible to know you’re missing an “X” factor, but if you suspect that’s the what is british problem, you have to define substantive equality sell yourself hard to the people in charge. You’ll have to convince them that they can get their “X” factor in another candidate, and is british, that you’re too strong to pass up. #4. Company can’t wait for you to relocate. In some cases, your perfect resume might be rejected because you’ll need to relocate for distance, the role.

If the company needs that spot filled immediately, your resume may be ignored, explains Stephanie McDonald from Hire Performance Recruiting Solutions. How to Overcome: Be Willing to Move Fast. If you’re applying for what, a job that’s far from your location, you should anticipate needing to move. Keep the about Effects of Fast Food attention of the hiring manager by including your willingness to is british move very quickly in your cover letter and resume. #5.

Company aimed to promote internally. The job opening you applied for isn’t really available to the outside public. Attachment! A company might put up a job posting purely as an exercise in curiosity, but actually be aiming to promote internally. How to Overcome: Communication and what is british, Persistence. Make a strong argument for yourself as directly as possible to the hiring manager, and substantive, continue to inquire about the job posting as long as you see it’s still up. You never know if circumstances within the company might change — they may decide not to hire internally after all, or decide to hire two new people because they’re expanding rapidly. Aim to keep your name in the game. #6.

The job was only posted due to what company policy, but was actually already filled. Nathaniel Patterson, a former staffing and hiring manager, gives this valuable piece of insight: “Some companies have policies that any job opening has to be posted publicly,” even if the company already has already chosen a candidate. Nathaniel describes this policy as an define substantive, attempt to “be more fair and equal.” Unfortunately, it is also a serious inconvenience to anyone who spends time on his/her job application! This policy is a serious inconvenience to anyone who spends time on what is british his/her job application! How to Overcome: Make a Strong Impression. If the fair dealing uk candidate has already been chosen, there’s nothing you can do to mitigate this problem. However, try to contact the hiring manager as soon as possible to inquire about the is british role.

Patterson suggests asking these questions: What prompted the position to be open? What is their ideal candidate profile? Do they already have someone in mind for the role? Patterson explains that these questions will impress a hiring manager because any self-respecting job candidate should know the answers to these questions, and about of Fast, will help you understand the “soft” requirements the job role requires. Patterson also explains that some companies won’t hire candidates that aren’t currently employed. Your education, qualifications, and resume may be perfect, but you may be excluded simply because you don’t currently have a job.This is because recruiters and hiring managers are looking for people who can acclimate to the new job quickly and have a shorter learning curve. According to conventional wisdom, candidates who are currently employed tend to fall in this category.

How to Overcome: Find a Job in the Meantime. Patterson says that job seekers should “find work while they are looking for is british, that better job.” Admittedly, sometimes finding a basic job can be difficult. He suggests looking into equality, working for a temporary staffing agency, and updating your resume frequently with the names of the companies you’re tasked to work for. #8. Your application was sent through a staffing firm, which the is british company is distance index, intentionally ignoring. If you applied for the job through a staffing firm, the company may intentionally be ignoring it, according to Patterson. Staffing firms charge a large fee per job role filled, and the company may think it’s capable of filling the position on what its own without spending that cash. Try to apply for distance index, job openings through the company directly to avoid this issue. How to Overcome: Apply Through the what Company Directly. Try to apply for job openings through the communist scare company directly to avoid this issue.

However, Patterson also advocates building a strong relationship with a staffing firm. What Is British! He says that some staffing firms “have a strategy of only putting one candidate in attachment in malay front of their client and is british, really selling that. If you can make someone else work to help get you a job, that’s a big bonus. #9. Job description changed over time, hiring process is arbitrary. The job description you applied for define, is obsolete because the company keeps changing it. Companies may do this for several reasons:

The hiring manager didn’t know what they were doing It’s a startup company and what, the staff generally lacks experience The company is in the process of changing. Tim Ragan from www.careercoachint.com says that “the whole sorting and Effects of Fast Food, selecting process is highly arbitrary and quite often selection criteria evolve as the what is british recruiter goes through the stack of available resumes.” In other words, you may have written a perfect resume for a position that’s evolved into something different than what you initially applied for, making your resume less relevant. You may find that the The Negative Effects Food job changes so much that your skills are no longer relevant. How to what Overcome: Observation and dealing copyright uk, Direct Communication. You can overcome this issue by keeping your eye on what is british the job posting and communist scare, noticing changes. Keeping a line open with the is british hiring manager will also help clue you in to the evolving nature of the job. You may find that the job changes so much that your skills are no longer relevant.

On the other hand, you may need to update the Essay: hiring manager and let them know that despite the changes, you still have the relevant qualifications (which you may need to mention in what a new cover letter or resume). #10. The job opening was placed “on hold” The job you applied for substantive, is on hold indefinitely. Executive coach Elva Baxter explains that some companies may create job advertisements, and then put the positions on hold because circumstances have changed, or the position is what, eliminated altogether due to communist scare restructuring. How to Overcome: Observe, and Keep in Contact. Circumstances can change rapidly in a company, so it’s best to is british keep observing the communist scare position or staying in contact with the hiring manager. You won’t be able to force your way through this barrier, however.

You applied to a job that doesn’t exist yet. Marilyn Santiesteban, assistant director of the career services center at what is british, Texas AM University explains that some job postings are advertising for Essay, roles that don’t yet exist in what is british the company. The hiring manager is simply planning ahead and collecting resumes from people in fair dealing copyright uk case the job does open. How to is british Overcome: Observation and Direct Communication. It’s hard to know if the job you applied for doesn’t actually exist. Copyright Uk! The best you can do is is british, try to contact the hiring manger and define equality, make sure they remember your name for if — or when — the job role is created. #12. What! Applied too late (even if you sent your application in before the dealing uk cutoff date) You applied “too late.” Technically, you applied before the cutoff date, but the hiring manager has already started making a decision. Stephanie McDonald explains that hiring manager often quickly receive several excellent resumes, and decided to cut off the selection process earlier than anticipated.

How to Overcome: Apply as Soon as Possible. If you notice that the is british job advertisement’s cutoff date is still far away, don’t procrastinate. In Malay! You may find yourself wondering if you had a chance if you’d simply applied earlier. Applying too early can also mean your resume falls under a stack. Still, it’s better to what apply early and Exploratory Essay:, follow up, than to apply late and have no chance at all.

#13. The hiring manager made unfavorable assumptions about your pay grade. Your excellent qualifications make it seem like you’re going to ask for too much money. Ms. Baxter makes an excellent point that candidates coming from well known, blue chip companies may experience a problem where their resumes are ignored because hiring managers assume they’ll be too expensive. How to Overcome: Frame Your Application. If you’re coming from a big, well-known company, Baxter suggests framing your cover letter in what is british a way that suggests you’re “seeking smaller company opportunities” and are very flexible with the arrangements. #14. Job description didn’t tell the whole story, and you’re not as perfect as you think. Although you’ve tried your best, you may still be shooting in the dark with your job application. Michelle Hubble from staffing company Principal Technologies writes that in communist scare some cases, “hiring managers will shorten their job advertisements to only show absolutely necessary requirements.

Preferred requirements may not be listed in the job ad, but a candidate with those preferred skills will still have a competitive advantage.” In other words, although you’ve tried your best, you may still be shooting in the dark with your job application. How to Overcome: Direct Communication. The sooner you can touch base with the hiring manager, the quicker you can come to is british understand that the job is not what you expected, and define, move on to more realistic job opportunities. #15. You looked bad on what is british social media. Your job application looks great, but the content that shows up on communist scare your social media is what is british, inappropriate, offensive, or unprofessional. It’s irritating but you can’t expect anything to be truly private anymore. You might consider doing an edit of your social media profiles (all of attachment, them!) to make sure you’re not giving off a bad impression.

You may have noticed that the majority of these problems have the same solution — getting in touch with the hiring manager . Unsurprisingly, almost all of the hiring managers and staffing experts I contacted emphasized the importance of networking, because it’s the only way you’re going to is british mitigate problems like these which are otherwise completely out of your control. You may feel like a pest or annoyance, but actually you’ll be making a good impression. Establishing direct contact will demonstrate that you’re serious about the opportunity, and have drive beyond the average job applicant. Be proactive, and don’t let your perfect resume go ignored. Share 15 Reasons Why Your Perfect Resume Was Rejected Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to fair dealing uk introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in what today’s competitive job market. Power Index! We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to what is british MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to The Negative of Fast your inbox.

By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the what is british One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to fair Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the is british quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Define Substantive! Put your skills to the test, and learn how to is british make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of Essay:, a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout.

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Our code geeks and substantive equality, HR experts are proud to is british introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. Essay! HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easily export to is british MS Word and PDF.

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an abortion essay Human life is what is british, a continuum beginning at conception and ending at natural death. You did not come from a zygote or a fetus, but once was a zygote and a fetus, not just a piece of tissue. Imagine the potential of life. In spite of the arguments presented by distance, pro-abortionists, there exists more reason to is british, shun the practice than keep it. In this light, this paper examines the contentious issue of abortion. Abortion refers to equality, a practice whereby a pregnancy is terminated with the outcome being the what is british death of a human fetus (Hillar, 2000).

It remains one of the most contested issues in as far as social and moral obligations are concerned. Substantive Equality? Both sides in what is british the debate present valid arguments to either support or reject abortion. Pro-life arguments are mainly based on the concept of preservation of human life from the point of conception to that of giving full priority to unborn fetus’ life over that of the mother. On the other end, pro-abortionists contend that women possess ultimate control of their bodies to that point of Essay: prioritizing their lives over the natural observable fact of the development of what a new human being. Abortion is elementarily murder (Simmons, 2002). Anti-abortionists have the notion that it is fair, morally wrong to take away someone’s “right to live.” However, proponents of abortion have contended that calling abortion a “murder” is merely a statement which is based on religious belief. To them, the what choice on whether to abort or not lies entirely with the women.

At this juncture, it would be prudent to examine the copyright uk concept of abortion from several perspectives. As outlined by is british, Hillar (2000), philosophers view the fetus’ moral status as being the fundamental flaw by proponents of abortion. From the vantage point of liberals, even though there is the underlying aspect of the moral status of the fetus, abortion remains justified in a variety of cases. For instance, in index a hypothetical situation where a woman is raped, there will be a hard decision to make; keep the pregnancy and let the what is british child be a reminder of the attachment in malay trauma for the remainder of one’s life or abort the what fetus and in the process, possess the about The Negative guilt of having “murdered” a human life. In this fantasized scenario, a liberally-minded person would opt for abortion since they may argue that the fetus uses the woman’s body. Liberals contend that women possess justifiable grounds to is british, go for abortion in the event that their lives are endangered if they have been raped and in extreme cases where they have taken considerable precautions to avoid being pregnant. However, the attachment argument by the liberals is patently false and exaggerated. According to Simmons (2002), people with this kind of is british notion do not recognize the special feature of the growing fetus i.e. the fetus is an outcome of a previous conscious event which possessed a predictable outcome. In spite of the fact that rape is a societally condemned act, the liberals’ view does not hold due to the lack of attachment in malay moral justification for taking away a fetus’ life. What Is British? For conservatives, a fetus possesses full moral status from the point of conception which in turn implies a right to live. From their vantage point, human development does not necessarily have to be divided into stages; to them, human development is an act of continuity which begins with conception.

As such, the right to living cannot be separated from a fetus’ character. Hillar (2000) agrees, stating that attempt to make an exception for abortion, for instance, after a rape or if the fetus is seriously defective, goes against the continuity aspect of life development which should not be allowed. In pursuit of this, conservatives also object to the removal of cancerous uteruses which have fetuses on the notion that the physician possesses the intention to “kill” by Exploratory Essay: Abortion, carrying out an abortion. Conservatives only tone down if the scenario is that of self-defense i.e. in the event that the fetus existence poses a danger to the mother’s life. The other perspective is is british, from the moderates, who weigh the arguments both for and against and then make a decision in support of 1973 United State’s Supreme Court Decision Roe vs. Wade. It was this highly publicized case that contributed to the legalization of abortion in the US.

According to Haney (2008), moderates refute the conservatives’ notion that the fetus is a completely new life on its own. This view also disputes the dealing uk liberal perspective which contends that the fetus is not a fully fledged life as yet. Even though the fetus is what, not yet a person, carrying out abortion in the later stages of pregnancy would be unjustifiable; in this stage, the fetus has already taken some resemblance to people. Equality? In the earlier stages, though, the fetus has not taken resemblance to people and for this reason; abortion at this stage would be permissible. However, the moderate position, which finds its strength in the 1973 abortion law by the US Supreme Court, has its flaws (Hillar, 2000). For one, legalization of what is british abortion may be the underlying reason as to why teenagers are encouraged to have sex. By offering abortion as a solution to pregnancy, the teenagers might feel that they can always remedy the situation they find themselves in. reverting to the hypothetical scenario where a woman gets raped; anti-abortionists contend that abortion is not really necessary since the affected person can obtain medical treatment that prevents the pregnancy. However, despite the medical treatment options available, pro-abortionists present a counter argument that approximately 59 percent of raped women still get pregnant, implying that the medical treatments do not work always (Haney, 2008). Index? In light of this, it is imperative to note that often, the victims of rape do not report or seek medical treatment to prevent pregnancy, thereby putting themselves in blame’s way when they contemplate abortion afterward.

Also, legalization of what is british abortion contributes to increased number of unsafe abortions procured in backstreet clinics which in Exploratory Essay: turn lead to more cases of maternal mortality. According to Haney (2008), proponents of abortion do not have an informed sense of “life” in its required definition. For pro-life individuals, the fetus is indeed a new life, an authentic, equal human life. From this perspective, a fetus of what is british six weeks has the ability to experience pain. Also, a fetus at eight weeks has already established its own unique fingerprints which it will carry on into its adulthood. It is also a fact that three months into the pregnancy, the fetus’ internal organs have become intact and operational. Define Substantive Equality? The fetus is capable of sleeping, waking, tasting, hearing and sensing. These, according to pro-life individuals, are the distinct features that cause people to believe they are alive and as such, the fetus is also alive. What? Infants, while still in their mothers’ wombs, can be monitored, undergo surgery in addition to in malay, receiving blood transfusions. Therefore, it would be illogical for people to insinuate that fetuses are not a component of what living human beings. The notion that the fetus is also a human being is the cornerstone of pro-life argument (Simmons, 2002).

For this reason, abortion may be rejected since it is brutal and attachment, inhumane, a vicious form of murdering innocent human beings. Abortion through the use of Suction Aspiration, where powerful suction tubes are inserted into mother’s wombs through dilated cervixes, leads to the fetus being grossly dismembered. What? This procedure not only terminates a pregnancy, it also ends the life of an equal human being. Towards this end, abortion is radically opposed. From a theological perspective, pro-life persons oppose abortion based on the Bible’s teachings. Despite the fact that the holy book does not outright castigate abortion, there are implicit teachings regarding the communist scare sanctity of human life and the need to value it. In Genesis 1:27, the semblance of mankind with God makes it sacred i.e. “God created man in his own image.” In addition, God imparted to mankind the ability to think, reason and operate at higher social levels, making them special as compared to what is british, other creatures. Fair Copyright Uk? Clearly, each offspring by human beings is sacred and should not be “killed” at what is british any cost.

Activists who are pro-life have their arguments founded on the grounds that abortion is relative to fair dealing copyright, the individuality of every person (Hillar, 2000; Simmons, 2002). Based on a single-celled zygote, particular traits which individuals will possess as adults can be determined, all of them being completely unique. In spite of inability, deformity or low operational capacity, pro-life activists contend that every individual who is created by God is special and one of a kind. For this reason, all human beings have to be given the chance to achieve their full potential in life. Generally speaking, the most widely used argument by anti-abortionists is that some of the aborted fetuses would have been senators, presidents, writers, professional athletes, doctors, astronauts and so on. On their part, pro-abortionists contend that carrying out an abortion during the first 10 months into pregnancy does not have any moral harm; the human psychological conditioning makes people believe in life in the fetus and hence, feel attached to is british, it. The abortion debate has raged on substantive equality for very many years, and what is british, can be traced to the time of Aristotle.

According to English (1975), Aristotle was of the notion that deformed kids should be left to die. In the ancient past, Plato, in his works, stated that all ill-conceived embryos did not have to be brought to birth and in the event that infants were born out of them, should be disposed of by the parents. In actual sense, the foremost recorded evidence which referred to Essay Effects of Fast, abortion was that of what is british a Chinese Emperor in the year 2737 B.C. in spite of the attachment support for abortion, Christians vehemently opposed it, since it was widely carried out in ancient Rome and Greece. Is British? The “Teaching of the Twelve Apostles” or “The Didache” was a Christian manual which outlined the church affairs and morals which stated that one shall not carry out or procure and abortion (referred to as infanticide). This dedicated opposition to Exploratory Essay: Abortion, abortion which was shown by the Christian church remains a solid foundation for today’s resistance by church faithful. People who comprehend the direct castigation given to abortion by revered church fathers instantly assume it to be an atrocious evil. What Is British? Another reason for opposing abortion can be viewed from a psychological dimension (Haney, 2008). A large number of people believe that an act which is as intimate as abortion has substantial significance on psychological repercussions.

Women who undergo an abortion will have feelings of guilt and remorse after the act and may never be the fair same people again, thereby choosing to shun the act altogether. On the other side of the is british spectrum, pro-abortionists are of the notion that belief in a fetus’ life at conception is preposterous and entirely religious. Attachment? For them, believing that a single isolated cell is a full human is really hard, bordering on absurd. What Is British? Though they admit that the embryo is a symbol of “potential life,” they are radically opposed to the notion that it is indeed fully human until the entire human structure and functions are in copyright place and are operational. For this reason, a fetus of one week or so is not considered as a human life by pro-abortionists. In refutation of the above argument, pro-life activists contend that if indeed a creature can be defined as not being alive because of non-operational structures, would it be correct to insinuate that the elderly people with failing body structures are also not alive?

Presumably, the answer lies in what is british the fact that they are alive, which brings out the hypocritical nature of pro-abortionists (Haney, 2008). Index? Also, pro-abortionists often separate definitions of personhood and human life. By giving personhood a definition that it is the ability for approval as a member of a particular social community and is british, capacity for self-conscious thinking. This implies that they admit that the dealing uk fetus is indeed human life. However, they deny the fetus the rights of people. What? Another argument put forward by communist scare, abortionists is that the act is done in the best interest of the is british woman and her family (English, 1975; Hillar, 2000; Haney, 2008). A question they frequently ask is Essay The Negative of Fast, whether a woman should be compelled to go on with a pregnancy or bring up a child into what adulthood without any concern for her expressed desire or will. An illustration suffices to explain this point: Jane, an 18-year old woman is raped and becomes pregnant. Clearly, this is not a child she had planned for or possesses the desire to define substantive, take care of as her “own.” She faces a dilemma of whether to carry out an abortion which she feels is morally wrong or carry it to full term though the child will always be a permanent reminder of her trauma. For pro-abortionists, Jane has been driven by necessity to carry out the abortion which acts as a birth control mechanism for women who are not ready to have kids.

Many pro-life activists have difficulty in answering the query as to whether abortion, as in Jane’s illustration, should be approved. According to what, Haney (2008), a sixteenth of 10,000 cases of Effects of Fast Food abortion are as a result of rape while the rest are occasioned by social issues. Is British? Pro-abortionists state that women who have fallen pregnant as a result of rape may be haunted by flashbacks of the dehumanizing experience they underwent. Attachment In Malay? Also, due to the fact that the bulk of raped women are generally young, single women, it would be hard for them to raise the kids on what their own. As such, pro-abortionists contend that abortion should be contemplated in power distance index this situation i.e. the mother’s interest has to be prioritized before that of the is british unborn fetus. Towards this end, the circumstances underlying the pregnancy of the woman should be the communist scare crucial factor in deciding whether to abort. Another aspect that gives impetus to pro-abortionists’’ arguments is the safety and wellbeing of the mother. In the event that there is a complication as a result of pregnancy, abortionists are of the notion that the mother should be saved at the expense of the fetus since actually; it is not a live human being (Haney, 2008; English, 1975). The logic behind this is the what is british fact that the mother is a valuable member of the community in which she resides and her death would contribute to a much larger tragedy than the death of the unborn fetus. Due to attachment in malay, the reason that abortionists believe abortion to be a wise choice on any occasion that is deemed suitable by the mother, they would not hesitate approving it if a woman’s health is what is british, endangered.

On the other hand, pro-life activists argue that abortion for whatever reason is Exploratory Abortion, plain murder by another name. Whenever there is a case of what is british abortion, human life, even though small, is stifled. Also, choosing to end the “life” of the unborn fetus has been described by pro-life activists as being discriminatory. Exploratory Abortion? In other words, they state that for people who make decisions for the fetus to die based on various arbitrary traits such as psychological or physical development are in essence according to what, some humans more rights or values than the others. An argument fronted by dealing uk, pro-life supporters is that is there exists uncertainty regarding the fetus’ right to live, then the procurement of an abortion is tantamount to taking a risk of what is british murdering another human being (Hillar, 2000). The argument is founded on the notion that if the right to live off the fetus is in doubt, then it logically follows that it would be absolutely reckless and wrong to treat it as lacking this particular life, for instance, through killing it. This argument is refuted by abortionists who contend that in Essay The Negative Effects Food the similar fashion, killing various animals for food or even plants would be morally wrong too, since people do not know for sure whether such beings do not possess the right to is british, live. As pro-life supporters’ argument, the failure of an individual to determine whether a fetus has the define substantive equality right to is british, life is not an Exploratory Essay: Abortion, implicit need for one to act in a manner opposing the arguments. Towards this end, abortion should not be carried out merely because it is difficult to come to an agreement whether the fetus has a right to what, live.

It is evident that the arguments fronted by pro-life activists outweigh those put forward by attachment, pro-abortionists. Abortion remains a largely controversial topic that requires being addressed soberly. Despite the is british fact that some people may deny the Abortion fetus as possessing the is british right to live, it is, at least, imperative for them to consider the fetus as being a potential human being who may develop into adulthood if no deprived of life. A biological fact is that the act of abortion eliminates potential life and has been referred to by some people as murder. However, this issue will continue to elicit debate in the future for as long as more children are born on this earth. Power? Approx.

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Explaining A Concept Essays and Research Papers. probably was southern Portugal where they called this type of rest a ''sesta''. It was, however, due to the Spaniards that a siesta was widely acknowledged, . as the they did not only what is british took over the practice, but spread it over the Latin America. Factors explaining the geographical distribution of the modern siesta are mainly high temperatures and heavy intake of power index, food at the midday main meal. Combined, these two factors contribute to the feeling of post-lunch drowsiness. In these countries, the heat can be. Americas , Latin America , Latin American culture 1270 Words | 3 Pages. Explaining Basic Accounting Concepts and Business Structures. Explaining Basic Accounting Concepts and what is british, Business Structures To understand accounting there are several key . concepts and terms to be familiar with. One must know where Generally Accepted Accounting Principles came from define substantive, as well as how businesses form. Sources of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA), Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), and the Government Accounting Standards Board.

Accounting Principles Board , Corporation , Decision making 756 Words | 3 Pages. Explaining Basic Accounting Concepts and Business Structures. Explaining Basic Accounting Concepts and what is british, Business Structures I will explain the power distance index, basic accounting concepts and . business structures from the following topics: GAAP sources and hierarchy; Good accounting information using the qualities of what, accounting principles; Difference between Accrual based accounting and cash basis of accounting; Types of business structures and the features of each structure. 1. GAAP sources and hierarchy Generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) is the set of accounting. Corporate tax , Deferral , Depreciation 797 Words | 3 Pages. (Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No 1: Objectives of Financial Reporting by Business Enterprises, 1978) According to FASB, the . About The Negative Of Fast. conceptual framework ‘prescribes the nature, function and limits of what is british, financial accounting and reporting.’ According to dealing copyright, the Exposure Draft (p12) publishes in what is british, 2008, the conceptual framework is: ‘a coherent system of concepts that flow from an fair copyright uk objective.

The objective of financial reporting is the foundation of the framework. The other concepts provide guidance on identifying. Balance sheet , Conceptual framework , Financial Accounting Standards Board 1404 Words | 3 Pages. ACC 537 Explaining Basic Accounting Concepts and Business Structures. ? Explaining Basic Accounting Concepts and what, Business Structures Student Name ACC/537 Date Instructor . Explaining Basic Accounting Concepts and Business Structures It was not long ago where financial reporting of The Negative Effects Food, some companies felt like the famous quote from the movie Forrest Gump, “Life is like a box of chocolates; you never know what you are going to is british, get.” It is important for Effects of Fast accountants to learn from companies like Enron and follow the tried and true basic concepts of generally. Balance sheet , Enron , Financial statements 699 Words | 5 Pages.

How useful is the is british, concept of a 'people's war' in explaining Labour's election victory. ?How useful is the concept of power distance index, a ‘people’s war’ for explaining the Labour Party’s election victory? The Labour Party’s election . victory in 1945 is often regarded as a watershed moment in what is british, terms of British political history. The establishment of a welfare state, as a result of socialist reforms that were introduced by the newly elected Labour government, saw, what can arguably be described as a radical overhaul of British politics and society. Labour’s unprecedented landslide victory is commonly attributed.

Clement Attlee , Conservative Party , Labour Party 2371 Words | 7 Pages. Why would a parent choose to handicap their child, hinder and obstruct their well- being, or diminish their future quality of communist scare, life by spoiling their special . child? To spoil means to do harm the character nature or attitude of something or someone by over solitude, over indulgence, or special praise. So why do so many parents spoil their children? Most parents will argue that they spoil their children out of love and to is british, avoid hurting their feelings. Dealing. Some parents give their children what they want. Child discipline , Childhood , Complex 961 Words | 3 Pages. Lesson Plan B.Ed.: Explaining the Concept of Temperate Grasslands and what, Natural Vegetation. explain the students the concept of temperate grasslands and natural vegetation.

To enable students to acquire knowledge about temperate . In Malay. grasslands. What Is British. To develop in them the feeling of curiosity to know more about temperate grasslands and Exploratory Abortion, natural vegetation and wildlife. To familiarize with the what is british, concept of temperate grasslands and natural vegetation and distance index, wildlife. # Specific Objectives: Cognitive Domain: The students will be able: Knowledge: To recall the concept of temperate grasslands. Desert , Education , Grassland 608 Words | 6 Pages. Explaining Phobia Paper Stacy R. Lee University of Phoenix-Online November 26, 2012 In this paper the is british, principles of operational, . Dealing Uk. classical, and is british, observational learning theories will be discussed as those theories pertain to communist scare, the Case Study of what is british, Little Hans. Communist Scare. I will review Sigmund Freud’s case study of what is british, Little Hans, the child that developed a fear of horses, and relate how this case is explained by copyright uk the above mentioned theories. I will also discuss this case from the what, psychoanalytic perspective. . Behaviorism , Classical conditioning , Eyeblink conditioning 1673 Words | 5 Pages. ? ASSIGNMENT PAPER 3: Explaining a Concept Paper (The St. Martin’s Guide to attachment, Writing, chapter 4) “Write an essay about a . concept that interests you and that you want to study further.

When you have a good understanding of the concept , explain it to your readers, considering carefully what they already know about it and how your essay might add to what they know.” (167) “ Concept explanations inform a reader about what is british processes, phenomena, theories, principles, or ideas.” (136) Basic features (164-165) . Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States , Murder 1210 Words | 5 Pages. Evaluate Two Models of index, Disability in Terms of what is british, Explaining the Concept of Disability. Evaluate two models of disability in terms of explaining the distance, concept of disability. Is British. Medical model;-- Weaknesses;-- There are . many weaknesses of the medical model. One of the weaknesses that I am going to talk about is Essay about The Negative Effects Food, that in some cases people see the medical model as an what is british insult due to the fact that the Essay: Abortion, model tries to ‘fix’ people with a disability instead of making adjustments and adaptions to environments, activities etc… for them. Due to is british, the fact that the power, medical model is what, trying to ‘fix’ tem. Adaptation , Disability , Disability rights movement 1603 Words | 4 Pages. Discusses Confucius contributions in the humanities by communist scare explaining his concept of what is british, moral rectitude. and believed that they are teachable and perfectible. Confucius believed that ordinary humans could be come awe-inspiring with wisdom and great knowledge. . The quest to improve one's self became deeply rooted in the Confucian heritage. Confucius' concept of moral rectitude was considered part of the pursuit to becoming the perfected person.

Confucius was devoted to learning and teaching. His teaching emphasized self-improvement and moral rectitude. When his words for the sake of the self are explored. Confucianism , Confucius , Filial piety 1202 Words | 4 Pages. Explaining a Concept Research Paper: Pursuing Education by enlisting in the Air Force. ?July 31 2013 Unit 14 Explaining a Concept Research Pursuing your educational goals by enlisting in the Air Force We . have all seen the recruiting commercials from the Air Force saying if you enlist, they will pay for your college. That was the reason I enlisted, and during the last 4 years I have learned the exact process for define pursuing education through the Air Force. In this paper, I plan to what is british, simply inform without being persuasive, the step by step process of using military tuition assistance. Academic degree , Bachelor of Science , Bachelor's degree 1534 Words | 4 Pages. Heather BucklewKaplan University CM 206 Professor Olson November 5,20141) How would you describe Jim’s self- concept ? I noticed that Jim has . a negative image about himself.

Jim believes that his father has a unrealistic expectation of him. Index. 2) How is what, self- concept affecting the interaction? Is it helping it? Hindering it? Explain using concepts from the text. Food. Jim having a negative self- concept is really bothering him. While his dad is telling him he isn’t trying hard enough he actually thinks that.

Attribution theory , Cognition , Mind 727 Words | 2 Pages. limited funds most of you will you find yourself starting to learn how to pinch pennies in the next couple of months. At the same time you might find . yourself falling for fads even easier than before. This is because of the third factor I was explaining before. The fact that small changes in what, your environment can make a fad stick around longer. Communist Scare. Your environment got a lot smaller when you came to Case so now small changes seem even bigger.

But try not to fall victim to easily. Having that $20. Fads and trends , Livestrong wristband 991 Words | 3 Pages. interest of is british, their client. The nurse taking on substantive the role of advocate is better prepared to provide the is british, client specific care needed for each unique situation . and has a stronger rapport with those involved than one who chooses not to advocate. This concept is important because it is the nurse, not the The Negative Effects Food, doctor, who is on hand meeting these needs while the client is what, seeking care.

Advocacy provides nurses with a plethora of define equality, opportunities to ensure clients, and their families receive the best treatment. Ethics , Florence Nightingale , Medical ethics 1376 Words | 4 Pages. Explaining Phobia Student’s Name PSYCH/504 Date Teacher’s name Explaining Phobia Phobias are very . common. The Association of Psychiatry defines phobia as an excessive and persistent fear of a specific thing (American Psychiatric Association, 2012). Sally, who has a dog phobia since she was in second grade because of a negative experience has anxiety when she meets someone and is asked to go to a new place where she does not know if there is what is british, a dog present or not. To explain.

Albert Bandura , Behaviorism , Classical conditioning 1099 Words | 4 Pages. Consumerism and Marketing Concepts. in this article the term consumerism refers to the sense first used in 1960, emphasis on or preoccupation with the acquisition of consumer goods (Oxford . English Dictionary). THE CONSUMERISM MOVEMENT AS THE CATALYST FOR THE SOCIETAL MARKETING CONCEPT The latest consumerism movement is a cause that has been accumulating momentum for over 30 years in the U.S., and its disciples assert that all consumers have an inherent right to products which are: safe in use (and even misuse), effective for. Advertising , Business , Conspicuous consumption 892 Words | 3 Pages. ? Explaining Criminal Behavior October 8, 2014 Professor Makin Criminology has had many different definitions . over the years. The textbook not only defines criminology as the study of crime and criminals but it also states “criminology is an fair interdisciplinary profession built around the scientific study of what is british, crime and criminal behavior, including their forms, causes, legal aspects, and control.” Criminology has many theories and arguments on both sides to state why it.

Choice , Choice theory , Crime 976 Words | 6 Pages. like or as? • Does it use metaphor: a comparison made by direct association, through substitution of one thing or idea for another? • . Does it use personification: attributing human qualities to an inanimate object or an communist scare abstract concept ? 6. What kind of imagery does the is british, poem use? • What mental pictures (representations that can be visualized) does it create? • What do you see, hear, taste, smell, touch in your imagination through the words of the poem? • . Consonant , Linguistics , Meaning of Essay about of Fast Food, life 884 Words | 3 Pages. Hart’s theory and what, legal system Introduction One of the principal lessons of ‘The concept of law’ is that legal systems are not only attachment in malay . comprised of rules, but founded on them as well. In contrast to Austin who had insisted that the sovereign makes all of the rules, Hart argued instead that the what, rules make the sovereign. In this essay, I would like to explain Hart’s theory and how the social rules are related to communist scare, the legal system and rules of recognition. This essay has five parts. What. In the first part. Administrative law , Civil law , Common law 1950 Words | 5 Pages. Marketing concept and process Assignment Introduction In this assignment I will be explaining the general definitions of . marketing and attachment in malay, the concept and process of marketing.

Marketing can be define in many different ways but all of is british, them have the Exploratory Abortion, same point, Marketing is the process by which companies determine what products or services may be of interest to customers, and is british, the strategy to use in sales, communications and business development. It generates the strategy that underlies sales techniques. Customer , Customer service , Marketing 916 Words | 3 Pages. for the equality, reader. Service concept is what, defined by Heskett as “ The way in which the organisation would like to communist scare, have its services perceived by its . customers, employees, shareholders and what, lenders. Edvardsson and Olsson (1996) refers to service concept as the define equality, prototype for service and define it as the “detailed description of what, what is to be done for the customer (what needs and wishes are to be satisfied) and fair dealing copyright, how this is to be achieved” ” There are four types of service concept including: 1. service. Concept , Customer service , Developmental biology 927 Words | 3 Pages.

?ACCOUNTING CONCEPTS What are the Account Concepts ? In order to maintain uniformity and consistency in preparing and . maintaining books of what, accounts, Certain rules or principles have been evolved. Essay About The Negative Effects Food. These rules/principles are classified as concepts and conventions. These are foundations of what is british, preparing and maintaining accounting records. “Accounting concept refers to the basic assumptions and rules and principles which work as the basis of Essay: Abortion, recording of business transactions and preparing accounts. Asset , Balance sheet , Business 1240 Words | 6 Pages. Mental Images, Concepts and Schemas. brief description of what will be covered in the essay.

In this case it will be using mental images, concepts and schemas. How we use these in what is british, . our everyday use, like trying to remember what shopping is needed at home. Main body • Explain different ways of how we can improve our memory by using the communist scare, topics mentioned above. • Give a written example of each of the following, Mental images, concepts and schemas. • Stating the where and when the study was done and is british, who studied it. Equality. Conclusion • Recap. Concept , Concepts , Idea 1310 Words | 4 Pages. A Discussion and what, Critical Evaluation on How Person-centred Theorists View Concepts of the Self Introduction As children grow they start to . learn about substantive themselves through their relationships with others and psychologists have evidenced how their ideas of themselves are significantly influenced by other people’s ideas and reactions to them. What Is British. Dowling (2008) suggests that a child’s level of confidence is affected by their early experiences, successes and communist scare, failures and it is recognised that a child’s. Conceptions of self , Empiricism , Perception 2421 Words | 7 Pages. Marketing Concepts MAR110 Study Period 4, 2010 SWINBURNE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Research Report “Marketing’s really just selling with . a posh name! What’s all this about a Marketing Concept ?” EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This research report aims to what is british, depict if there is any truth to the statement “Marketing is just selling with a posh name. ” it also aims to communist scare, illustrate the marketing concept , which refers to the second half of the statement “ . What. What’s all this about the Exploratory Essay:, marketing concept ” . Consultative selling , Customer , Customer relationship management 2082 Words | 7 Pages.

?Historical Cost Concept What is what is british, historical cost? Historical cost is a term used instead of the term cost. Cost and historical cost usually . mean the about of Fast, original cost at the time of a transaction. What. The term historical cost helps to distinguish an asset’s original cost from its replacement cost, current cost, or inflation-adjusted cost. For example, land purchased in attachment in malay, 1992 at is british, cost of $80,000 and still owned by the buyer will be reported on the buyer’s balance sheet at Essay about Food, its cost or historical cost of $80. Asset , Balance sheet , Business 706 Words | 3 Pages.

?Self- Concept Self- Concept in the book “Looking Out, Looking In” is defined as the set of perceptions each individual holds for . him or herself. This isn’t just how you view yourself physically, but also emotional state, talents, like, dislikes, values, morals, and so on. Self- concept also has to do with self-esteem and what is british, self-worth. Define Substantive Equality. The things you do and the things you say, generally relate to self- concept , which is why self- concept and what, interpersonal communication have such an important relationship. Communication , Conceptions of communist scare, self , Culture 858 Words | 3 Pages. Accounting Principles, Concepts and Conventions Accounting principles are guidelines amp; standards, which have been accepted by the . accounting profession in is british, preparation and presentation of accounts of the business. It is approved and normally accepted by attachment in malay the government bodies amp;controlling authorities. Accounting principles are uniform in order to understand in the same sense by those using it.

Also they are not rigid (i.e. inflexible) like principle of gravity but they are flexible. Asset , Balance sheet , Book value 1426 Words | 5 Pages. Peer-Reviewed Concept Analysis Article Grand Canyon University Theoretical Foundations for Nursing Roles and what, Practice: NUR-502 July 24, . 2013 Peer-Reviewed Concept Analysis Article Woman-centered care in childbirth is the process in which a woman can make choices, be involved in, and has control over her care and power distance index, relationship with her physician or midwife (Maputle Donavon, 2013). Woman-centered care is a philosophy of care which gives priority to the wishes and needs of the is british, female. Concept , Midwifery , Nursing 1106 Words | 4 Pages. accounting concepts are rules and guidelines which the accountant follows and uses when deciding between differing options to make. They help . to ensure the accounting information is presented accurately and consistently. All formal accounting statements should be created, preserved and presented according to the concepts and conventions’. The following will look at each of the Food, concepts and conventions and relate them to the profit and what is british, loss account for a sole trader. GOING CONCERN This concept assumes. Asset , Business , Concept 1080 Words | 3 Pages.

The Accruals And Going Concern Concepts. ?The accruals and going concern concepts are regarded as fundamental in the preparation of fair dealing uk, financial statements. Discuss the advantages and . disadvantages of these concepts , explaining the what, reasons why these concepts may be difficult to attachment in malay, apply or may be inconsistent with other concepts . Accounting statement and records are a periodic summary of account activity within a period and the documentations involved in the preparation of it (Thomas and Ward, 2012: 4). They are done based on a set of what, rules. Accrual , Balance sheet , Concept 1443 Words | 4 Pages. Concept Analysis Stephanie Hobbs NR 501: Theoretical Basis for Advanced Nursing Instructor: Dr. Patricia Fedorka September 30, . 2012 Introduction According to McEwen amp; Wills (2011), concept analysis is an approach to clarify and define terms so that writers and readers have a common language. The process of a concept analysis is to: 1. Select a concept 2. Determine the aims or purposes of analysis 3. Identify all the uses of the concept possible 4. Determine the. Asthma , Definition , Health 1748 Words | 6 Pages. delivering the communist scare, desired satisfactions more effectively and efficiently than competitors do. The Selling Concept . This is another . common business orientation.

It holds that consumers and businesses, if left alone, will ordinarily not buy enough of the selling company’s products. The organization must, therefore, undertake an aggressive selling and promotion effort. What. This concept assumes that consumers typically sho9w buyi8ng inertia or resistance and must be coaxed into buying. It also assumes. Business , Concept , Consultative selling 1107 Words | 4 Pages. Self- Concept My name is Paul Buchanan. Attachment. I am a nineteen year old male who currently lives in Hillsboro Oregon. I was born in Puyallup . Washington and lived there up until the first day of sixth grade. I then moved down to Hillsboro Oregon due to my father taking up a job offer with Intel. I enjoy to go bowling, playing video games and what, hanging out whenever I can with my friends.

Throughout this essay I will be discussing my self- concept with three communication concepts . They are as follows: self-fulfilling. Cognition , Concept , Conceptions of self 1088 Words | 3 Pages. “Nowadays the concept of culture in anthropology and sociology is regarded as a fundamental element in the humanities.” (Chase, 1948: 59; cited . in Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2007: The culture concept in anthropology) Today culture is one of the most discussed concepts all around the world. It has a crucial role in human relations. Its understanding is the power distance index, kernel of the new multiculturalism policy of different countries around the globe. And in this understanding the social sciences has a. Anthropology , Cultural anthropology , Culture 1810 Words | 6 Pages. LIST OF SIX MARKETING CONCEPTS Following are the six concepts of marketing • Production concept • . Product concept • Selling concept • Marketing concept • Societal marketing concept • Holistic marketing concept THE PRODUCTION CONCEPT : DEFINITION BY KOTLER: “It is the idea that customers will favor products that are available and highly affordable and that the organization should therefore focus on improving production and what, distribution efficiency.” EXPLANATION: . Business , Concept , Consultative selling 1456 Words | 6 Pages. Business Entity Concept Money Measurement Concept Going concern concept Accrual basis concept . Consistency Concept Materiality and aggregation concept Concept on Prudence Matching Principle Dual Aspect Relevance Concept Introduction Financial accounting has a number of conservative laws which have been considered over the years and all the possible identifiable rules are: Business Entity Concept , Money Measurement Concept , Going concern Concept , Accrual basis of accounting concept , Consistency. Asset , Balance sheet , Depreciation 1518 Words | 5 Pages. ? Concept Analysis: Stress Yamilet Diaz BSN RN University of Miami Concept Analysis: Stress In today’s society, we often . use the term stress to explain how situations cause us to substantive equality, feel tension or worry.

If you were to ask a group of people to describe stress, they may each have a different interpretation of the word. What. The reason for this is that stress is communist scare, very subjective, which causes individuals to is british, deal with stress very differently. Stress can cause or impact the course of many medical conditions. Anxiety , Anxiety disorder , Complex post-traumatic stress disorder 2074 Words | 10 Pages. The Concept of the Self in the Social World University Of Phoenix Understanding What Self Concept is Self . Concept is the gathering of information about self, including ones personality, character, capabilities, and values. Self concept begins as an early as infancy, during this time the individual begins to formulate information about themselves. This process allows them to prepare and equality, began to understand how they are related to others in their social world. Individuals’ going through. Concept , Conceptions of self , Educational psychology 1526 Words | 5 Pages.

Sipani Kartik Pradeep Anand Agarwal The Marketing Concept The marketing concept is the philosophy that . firms should analyze the what, needs of their customers and in malay, then make decisions to satisfy those needs, better than the what is british, competition. Today most firms have adopted the fair copyright uk, marketing concept , but this has not always been the what, case. Apple Company has applied marketing concept into their business. As we know, the power index, marketing concept means determining the needs and wants of target markets. Apple Inc. , Consultative selling , Customer 858 Words | 4 Pages. one day and critically discuss how you are an what is british actor in Essay: Abortion, society; how you affect your social surroundings; and, how your daily life is shaped and constrained . by society. What Is British. This will allow you engage with many of the sociological concepts reviewed to-date including newer concepts such as impression management, stage theory and emotional labor. Essay About Of Fast. Explain why you needed to perform in such a way (i.e., your motives, instincts, feelings, or structural constraints). What Is British. Do you see who you are and where. APA style , Bibliography , Citation 929 Words | 4 Pages.

Romanticism Poem and the Concept of Mercy. was easy as cake. Oh how I miss the olden days Come back for Goodness sake! Concept of Exploratory Essay: Abortion, Mercy The concept of mercy can . Is British. be a very hard thing for one to grasp. One may find themselves asking “Whom shall be given mercy?”, and “How much mercy should be shown?”. There is about Effects of Fast, no definite answer to those questions as mercy can be shown in different ways. There are three particular works that emphasize the concept of what, mercy, each showing a different perspective. The three works that use very distinctive. God , Good and evil , Metaphor 1123 Words | 4 Pages. Assignment 1! Page 1 Wayne Said, Group 3 Marketing 4 December 2007 How does the marketing concept differ from the selling . Fair. concept , the product and production philosophies ? Illustrate the potential perils faced by companies adopting these concepts in todays highly complex and competitive environment and is british, outline which orientations are recommended in Essay: Abortion, a buyer's market ? The Marketing Concept is a philosophy that says that firms should analyze the what, needs of their customers and then make decisions.

Consultative selling , Customer service , Economics terminology 1442 Words | 5 Pages. Introduction Organizational behavior concepts are relevant not only in the workplace setting alone, but can also be applied to almost all . things and Exploratory, setting that we encounter throughout our lives. Is British. They can also be found in Exploratory Abortion, popular media, such as literature, popular music, movies and cartoons. The Art Imitates Life Project exposed our group to understand the pervasiveness artist, directors, and authors create when inspired by what life and about Food, the world around them. We were able to analyze these media and. Dilbert , Motivation , Organization 2392 Words | 7 Pages. Concept Analysis: Patient Advocacy College of Science and what, Health Professions Department of define equality, Health Professions: Nursing The purpose of . this concept analysis is to identify, focus, and refine how patient advocacy is perceived by professional nurses in the nursing community.

This paper will follow the what, Walker and Advant (2011) method of concept analysis to identify the define, concept of patient advocacy from existing literature with the aim to analyze and provide clarity and what is british, direction for enhancement. Health care provider , Hospital , Nurse 2257 Words | 7 Pages. Concept Analysis: Pain Victoria McCrady Chamberlain College of Nursing NR501: Theoretical Basis for Advanced Nursing Spring Session B 2013 . Concept Analysis: Pain Pain is one of the Exploratory Essay:, most common reason patient seek out what is british, help. The concept of pain can affect every person is some form or way. Pain can stand alone as a theory or fix with other theories like Comfort, Self- care, and communist scare, more.

As a surgical nurse I need to is british, have a higher understanding of the patients I care for to ensure they receive. Chronic pain , McGill Pain Questionnaire , Nociception 2600 Words | 7 Pages. Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts. Terminology and Concepts Shawndee Schaitel MGT/307 October 3, 2011 John Belken Organizational Behavior Terminology and . Concepts An organizations behavior and the understanding of these behaviors are extremely important to an organization. Index. Through this paper, four key concepts with be defined and each concept’s observable aspects will be discussed. Also a brief analysis of the is british, culture and behavior of in malay, The Bunker will be given. Key Concepts Understanding key concepts such as. Behavior , Definition , Human behavior 823 Words | 3 Pages. Marketing Concept BUS-110 IT 1 The marketing concept is a business philosophy where a business provides products or . services that a customer wants and what, needs by about The Negative Effects of Fast Food setting up a series of activities within the company to what, also allow for the company to achieve their goals and objectives. Three steps involved in the marketing concept are; the business first must find out what potential customers needs are. Second, a business has to create the distance index, product or service that the what is british, potential customer wants.

Business , Corporation , Customer 704 Words | 3 Pages. |Term- Concepts |Definition | . |Purpose of Accounting |Communicating financial information to end users so they can make informed decisions. | |Accounting Entity |The financial affairs of the business are separate and distinct from the financial affairs of the define, owner. | |Monetary Concept |All transactions are recorded in. Annual report , Balance sheet , Debt 469 Words | 3 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- MARKETING’S VALUE TO CONSUMERS, FIRMS, AND SOCIETY PART 1: TRUE OR FALSE 1. What. Marketing is important . to about The Negative Food, every consumer Answer: 2. Marketing and Selling are basically synonymous terms. Answer: 3. The marketing concept has been adopted by virtually all major consumer goods producers. Answer: 4. The customers’ 4Ps are products amp; services, place, price amp; promotion Answer: 5. Marketing is needed because it is a basic functional area of business.

Customer , Customer relationship management , Customer service 788 Words | 4 Pages. Concept of Community 1 Running head: Concept of what is british, Community Concept of Community Abstract The purpose . of this paper is to discuss the concept of in malay, community. The paper will explore the differences and definition between community and what is british, aggregate. The author will further discuss specific identification and description of an aggregate. The paper will conclude with the writer’s personal expression regarding this topic. Community vs. Aggregate Public health nurses and define substantive, other care.

Ectopic pregnancy , Health , Health care 724 Words | 3 Pages. around the world have been applying the “Banking concept ” towards the way they teach their students; and in my perspective it is not the what, best . way of implementing the kind of learning our children need in the future to help them succeed in in malay, life. Throughout my education teachers have expected me to memorize facts. They would narrate details without thinking about how the concepts of their teachings would relate to the real world. This “Banking Concept ” prevents students from what is british, using their cognitive skills;. Cognition , Education , Mind 983 Words | 3 Pages. The historical cost concept means expenses and assets must be recorded with their original cost according to its representation cost of . things from the past. CITATION Wil09 l 17417 (Wild, Shaw, amp; Barbara, 2009) For example, APPLE Company bought equipment at power, the price of RM 10,000 and after few months, the equipment is then estimated to drop in what, value.

The cost of the purchase RM 10 000 would be recorded in the financial report because there is official receipt and documents supporting the. Balance sheet , Business , Depreciation 1344 Words | 2 Pages. ----------------------------------------------------------- Accounting Concept and Conventions In drawing up accounting statements, whether . they are external financial accounts or internally-focused management accounts, a clear objective has to be that the attachment, accounts fairly reflect the true substance of the business and the results of its operation. The theory of accounting has, therefore, developed the concept of a true and fair view. The true and what is british, fair view is applied in ensuring and.

Balance sheet , Bookkeeping , Business 1211 Words | 5 Pages. INCOME CONCEPTS The Purpose of Exploratory Abortion, Income Reporting Income is used… 1 As the what, basis of one of the principal forms of taxation. 2 In public . reports as a measure of the define substantive equality, success of a corporation’s operations. 3 As a criterion for what is british the determination of the availability of dealing uk, dividends. 4 By rate-regulating authorities for investigating whether those rates are fair and reasonable. 5 As a guide to what, trustees charged with distributing income to a life tenant while preserving the principal for a remainder man. Balance sheet , Capital , Economics 417 Words | 3 Pages. The concept of about Effects of Fast Food, learning can be defined as the changing of is british, knowledge, skills and behaviors of Abortion, one person, which due to different . experiences.

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We deal with. Cost , Costs , Economics 913 Words | 3 Pages. Bimaadiziwin: Unifying Concept of the Annishinabe Religion. ? In his article “Bimaadiziwin or the “Good Life”, as a Unifying Concept of the Anishinaabe Religion”, Lawrence W. Is British. Gross set out to examine how . bimaadiziwin is a unifying concept of the Anishinaabe religion. In the article, two points Gross focuses on his aim on demonstrating the continuity in Anishinaabe worldview and also demonstrating how bimaadiziwin serves as a unifying concept for traditional Anishinaabe religion.

To support his points Gross explores the meaning of bimaadiziwin and in malay, how it is. A Great Way to what is british, Care , Board game , Form of the Good 931 Words | 3 Pages.

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In a competitive market for available jobs, potential candidates should put in the necessary time and effort to make a solid impact. You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the buyer, in this case is the organization. Your first job as the seller is to sell yourself. You need to stand out from the other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in a cookie-cutter neighborhood. What Is British! Assume your resume and cover letter is in a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to dealing uk, rise to is british, the top. You need to Essay about The Negative of Fast Food, put yourself in a stronger position, instead of you trying to chasing the job, make them convince you to what, take it.

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