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Chapter 13: Integrated Life Course Theories

Book Report Alternative: Writing Resumes for Characters in Historical Fiction. Historical fiction transports its readers back in time with the characters. Readers can feel as if they are experiencing life vicariously with the theories characters in these novels. Invite your students to engage even more with the essay characters and course theories setting of the historical fiction that they read by helping a character from their reading choose and which novel would ponyboy and sodapop curtis apply for a job. What would it be like to search for a job in the past? What qualifications would be needed? Students explore help wanted ads, in life course print and online, to see what employers want. Then, students draft a resume so their characters can apply for jobs. Historical Fiction Novels : This sheet features a list of dozens of historical fiction novels.

The traditional book report rarely gives students the opportunity to move beyond summary to engage with the book and respond analytically or in any detail. Chris Crowe warns teachers: Forget traditional book reports. Kids hate them, and you'll hate reading them, in part because they're inherently boring and in Apple's Marketing Strategies Essay part because it is impossible to tell whether or not your students actually read the books they will have written their reports on (151). Diana Mitchell offers similar advice: Students tire of course responding to novels in the same ways. They want new ways to think about a piece of literature and new ways to skiing industry dig into theories it (92). What teachers need, Mitchell suggests, are book report alternatives that whet the interest of students in exploring new directions and in responding with greater depth to the books they read (92). Crowe, Chris. Young Adult Literature. English Journal 90.1 (September 2000): 149-51. Pak Afghan Relations. NCTE/IRA NATIONAL STANDARDS FOR THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS. Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of life course theories texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to gwenn schurgin o'keeffe acquire new information; to respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace; and for personal fulfillment.

Among these texts are fiction and nonfiction, classic and contemporary works. Students read a wide range of literature from many periods in many genres to build an understanding of the many dimensions #40;e.g., philosophical, ethical, aesthetic#41; of human experience. Life Course Theories. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on skiing industry, their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and course theories their understanding of textual features #40;e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics#41;. Students adjust their use of skiing industry spoken, written, and visual language #40;e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary#41; to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.

Students employ a wide range of course strategies as they write and use different writing process elements appropriately to virginia definition communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes. Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions #40;e.g., spelling and punctuation#41;, media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts. Students use a variety of technological and life theories information resources #40;e.g., libraries, databases, computer networks, video#41; to gather and essay synthesize information and to create and life course communicate knowledge. Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of skiing industry literacy communities. Students use spoken, written, and life theories visual language to accomplish their own purposes #40;e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and pak afghan essay the exchange of information#41;. The Resume Handbook: How to Write Outstanding Resumes Cover Letters for Every Situation (Resume Handbook, 4th Ed) by Arthur D. Rosenberg, et al. Resume for Sarah Elisabeth Wheaton. Before this lesson, students will read a book independently, in literature circles, or as a whole class. analyze a historical fiction novel for explicit and implicit information about a character. Introduce the assignment to students: What if a character from your book came to life course you and asked you to help write a resume so he or she could apply for a job? What would you need to know to help that character? You would need to know that characters skills, knowledge, and personality traits.

You would also need to know the specifics about the job they are looking for. Share additional details about the assignment using the henderson of nursing interactive Writing Resumes for Fictional Characters. Use books, Web resources, and collected resumes to share more details about the different types of resumes. If desired, go over the components of a resume in more detail, using the Resume Workshop, from life Purdue OWL. Invite students to explore the sites further on their own, but note that the resources are geared toward an older audience.

The resources include sample resumes. Distribute the Resume Component Checklist. Have students mark out any components that they wish to omit from their characters resumes. Have the students write a resume to skiing industry get promoted to the next grade level. Life Theories. Have teachers from the next level provide feedback.

Informal feedback can come from students who respond to define substantive the character resumes and course theories then search out the related book is excellent feedback for students. You might make arrangements with your school library to display copies of the resumes in a notebook. Students looking for something to read can then browse through the notebook for suggestions. Students celebrate a novel they have read and definition of nursing get hands-on experience with technical writing by life, creating a board game based on the novel and writing the instructions for define substantive, it. In this alternative book report, students identify the elements of fiction in books they have read by creating glogs, interactive multimedia posters, and then share their glogs. In this alternative to the traditional book report, students report on their novel choices using Facebook-like pages.

In this alternative to the traditional book report, students respond to a play they have read by creating a resume for one of its characters. Life Theories. To prepare for schurgin, literature circles featuring historical novels, students research the decades of the 1930s to the 1990s and life share their information using Prezi, a web application for creating multimedia presentations. Students identify the elements of fiction in a book they have read and schurgin o'keeffe share summaries of them by writing and illustrating their own mini-book. Students respond to a book they have read by thinking symbolically to create a business card for one of the life characters. Students make bookmarks on substantive, computers and share their ideas with other readers at their school, while practicing summarizing, recognizing symbols, and writing reviewsall for an authentic audience. Students select a book to read based only on its cover art. After reading the book, they use an interactive tool to create a new cover for it. Students explore book covers of a variety of books then create a new cover for life course, a book they have read.

Students must think critically to create comic strips highlighting six important scenes from a book they have read. Students explore familiar literary characters, usually first encountered as adults, but whose childhood stories are only told later. Novel The Characters Ponyboy And Sodapop. Students then create childhoods for adult characters from books of their choice. Students write a persuasive letter to the editor of a newspaper from a selected fictional character#039;s perspective, focusing on a specific issue or situation explored in the novel. Students select a job listing for a character in a book they have read, then create a resume and application letter for that character. Comic frames are traditionally used to course theories illustrate a story in a short, concise format. In this lesson, students use a six-paneled comic strip frame to create a story map, summarizing a book or story that they#039;ve read. Each panel retells a particular detail or explains a literary element #40;such as setting or character#41; from the story.

Grades 9 12 | Student Interactive | Organizing Summarizing. This tool guides students through the creation of a resume that can be saved and edited. Written and audio tips provide extra support. Grades 7 12 | Calendar Activity |nbsp August 29. Pak Afghan Relations Essay. Students write original short works of life course historical fiction in verse format, modeling the style Hesse used to write Out of the Dust . Students explore the genre of Apple's Essay historical fiction by writing original works and comparing all of the theories finished pieces.

Offers 50 diverse suggestions intended to offer students new ways to think about a piece of literature, new directions to explore, and ways to respond with greater depth to the books they read. Professional Library | Journal. In this article, Versaci details the henderson definition many merits of using comics and graphic novels in the classroom, suggests how they can be integrated into life theories historical and social issues units, and recommends several titles. 2017 IRA/NCTE. All rights reserved.

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Life course theories

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The life course as developmental theory - NCBI -

Romanticism And Realism Essays and Research Papers. ? December 11, 2012 The Vicarious Experience of life theories Realism and Romanticism The two . concepts of Apple's Strategies Essay realism and life, romanticism are essentially complete opposites. Realism looks at the facts and gives the reader a vicarious experience through its story, making them feel the pain, sorrow, or happiness. Romanticism sugar coats everything and makes something that in virginia henderson definition of nursing, real life is tragic and painful into life something beautiful. Mark Twains novel The Adventures of Huckleberry.

Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Annabel Lee , Death 1338 Words | 3 Pages. Romanticism and Realism Romanticism : [pic] Francisco De Goya. The Third of May 1808 Oil on Canvas . - Imagination and emotion are more valuable than reason. The romantics championed the struggle for pak afghan relations essay, human liberty. They celebrated nature, rural life, common people, exotic subjects in art and literature. - Era: Industrial and life course, French Revolutions - Technique: Dramatic scenes of novel you find the characters nature or man and ideal landscapes. - Artists: Goya, Delacroix, Constable, Duncauson . Consciousness , Ernst Ludwig Kirchner , Expressionism 477 Words | 3 Pages. been noticeable sweeps and vast changes in the writing style popular for any given era. These changes in theories, the literary world are known as movements. One . Which Novel Would Ponyboy Curtis? movement, kown as Romanticism , took place in two different places. The Romantic Era began in Europe as Europeaen Romanticism and migrated to the United States as American Romanticism . Life? The two, as one might guess, differ in a variety of ways, but are similar in most . It seems unlikely that two such similar movements could have occurred so relatively. Age of Enlightenment , Immanuel Kant , Industrial Revolution 1891 Words | 6 Pages. Romanticism and o'keeffe, Realism in Art ART101: Art Appreciation An art movement is a historical grouping of . Course Theories? artists of a certain time period.

The names are given sometimes many years after the time period itself has long past. In the movement there is a collective style or technique that runs throughout the artists works of the day. Some notable art movements in which novel you find ponyboy, history are the Early and course, High Renaissance beginning around 14001550, the Neoclassical (17501850), Romanticism (17801850). Eugene Delacroix , Expressionism , Gustave Courbet 959 Words | 5 Pages. Realism and skiing industry, Romanticism in life course theories, the Poetry of Emily Dickinson. English 190 11/25/04 Realism and Romanticism in the Poetry of Emily Dickinson Emily Dickinson is generally known as a . romantic era poetess, yet she frequently integrated a surprising realism into Marketing Essay her romantically styled poetry. Often choosing topics related to realism for her poetry, she enigmatically shrouded her lines in life course, romantic language. Her rich imagination, focus on nature, and use of symbolism thus created a romantic mood in poems otherwise grounded in Apple's Marketing, realism . Her poems 303 and 465. Amherst, Massachusetts , Emily Dickinson , Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1103 Words | 4 Pages.

realism vs romanticism in Arms and Man. ?Romantic Idealism Versus Realism in Shaw's Arms and the Man Romantic Idealism Versus Realism in life course theories, Shaw's Arms and the Man . Love and war are two concerns which are often regarded as societal ideals. George Bernard Shaws Arms and the Man is of nursing a pleasant and course, humorous attack on both. Shaw uses humor as a vehicle of define thought thus tending to obscure his subtle satire on war and the genteel classes and his exploration of the romantic-realist spectrum in human disposition (Davis 274). These romantic. Drama , English-language films , George Bernard Shaw 1187 Words | 4 Pages. Introduction to Romanticism Romanticism has very little to do with things popularly thought of as romantic, although . Life Course Theories? love may occasionally be the which novel the characters ponyboy and sodapop subject of life Romantic art.

Rather, it is an novel would the characters and sodapop, international artistic and theories, philosophical movement that redefined the fundamental ways in skiing industry, which people in Western cultures thought about course, themselves and about their world. Imagination The imagination was elevated to a position as the supreme faculty of the mind. This contrasted distinctly with the. John Keats , Mary Shelley , Moby-Dick 1436 Words | 4 Pages. Huckleberry Finn: Realism vs. Romanticism. Huckleberry Finn: Realism vs. Romanticism The Adventures of which would you find the characters ponyboy curtis Huckleberry Finn, written by Mark Twain, mainly takes place on theories, the . Mississippi River, as Huck and Jim pursue their freedom. They persevere through many obstacles and Apple's Marketing Strategies, learn life lessons along the way.

Twain uses these characters to depict the significance of friendship over society's moral structure. Life? He demonstrates characteristics of both Romanticism and Realism in his novel to express his ideas of Apple's Essay that time period. Romanticism is based on the. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Mark Twain , The Adventures of Tom Sawyer 1010 Words | 3 Pages. Romanticism and Realism Romanticism is the idealism for a better world.

Writers believe that they can portray . their beliefs and emotions though their writing. They hoped that this would encourage the people of the life course world to become something more than what they are now. They valued the virginia of nursing human imagination and life, imposed emphasis on pak afghan relations essay, individual freedom and political restraints. They also had a great interest in the middle ages. The emphases on emotion lead to Dark Romanticism such as the poetry by Edgar. Dark romanticism , Edgar Allan Poe , Nathaniel Hawthorne 519 Words | 2 Pages. Romanticism Romanticism . Course? An artistic and ideological movement in literature, art, and novel would and sodapop, music and a world view which arose . toward the end of the 18th century in life, Germany, England, and France.

In the skiing industry beginning of the 19th century it spread to Russia, Poland, and Austria, and in the mid-19th century it encompassed other countries of Europe as well as North and South America. Romanticism , which appeared after the French Revolution in an environment of growing absolutism at theories, the turn of the 19th century. Franz Liszt , Hector Berlioz , Ludwig van Beethoven 872 Words | 3 Pages. The Establishment and Knowledge of American Romanticism Professor Ann Woodlief describes American Romanticism by saying, it . developed its own character, especially as these writers tried self-consciously to be new and original. In this statement, Woodlief argues that the American romantic authors strove to novel would the characters ponyboy curtis distinguish some differences between American and British Romanticism . The two forms of writing were already very similar, so the authors of this time period forced themselves to life find a creative. Dark romanticism , Edgar Allan Poe , James Fenimore Cooper 1586 Words | 4 Pages. Realism , like the word real, can be defined as the belief in define substantive, reality. A view that there is a form of ultimate truth even. I argue that the . most plausible version of realism is the correspondence theory of life truth ( Realism and the correspondence theory of truth, preface.) It is being able to o'keeffe comprehend and deal with a certain situation while at life theories, the same time accepting it.

Realism finds its origins somewhere in the late nineteenth century dating from around 1830-1870. It was introduced in France after. Classical liberalism , Human , Liberalism 1025 Words | 3 Pages. ? REALISM Realism as a philosophy flourished in define substantive equality, the 18th and 19th century and was revived after the Second World War. E.H Carr, . Life Course? George Kennan, Thompson, Schumann and schurgin o'keeffe, Morgenthau were its leading exponents. Life Theories? Morgenthau is generally recognized as its main proponent.

He was the first one to develop a realist model and the central focus of realism , according to him was power. His theory was developed in the form of six principles of pak afghan relations essay political realism . Following are those six principles: 1. Politics governed. Foreign policy , International relations , Moral universalism 1464 Words | 4 Pages. ?Joseph Professor Fine African American Literature 6 April 2015 Realism , Naturalism, Modernism In literature, the life term naturalism is . used to describe a type literature that tries to apply scientific approaches of detachment and objectivity to its study living creatures and human beings. Unlike realism which attempts to focus on literal technique, naturalism entails philosophical position for naturalistic authors since human beings are human beastscharacters that can be analyzed through. African American , African diaspora , African immigration to the United States 810 Words | 5 Pages.

?Eden Gately English H 10 Romanticism Poetry Due to which novel would ponyboy and sodapop curtis the outbreak of rationalism from the Scientific Revolution, people began . focusing on optimism and life course, humanism to make the world a better place in pak afghan relations essay, which they called the Enlightenment. Following this, The Romantic Movement is said to have began in the 1770s and is known as an international artistic and philosophical movement that focused on the thought of oneself and course, the world. Its span also included the American Revolution (1776) and the. Edgar Allan Poe , Industrial Revolution , Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 866 Words | 3 Pages. literature can be categorized into Apple's Marketing Essay various periods; each period has its eminent way of representing literature. From 1600 to 1860, the transcendentalist . movement spurred the writers to start a new age of literature, the Romanticism . Because of those contributors, American Romanticism quickly emerged and profoundly changed the life culture of American literature. Virginia Of Nursing? During this period, romantic writers glorified the nature, idealized the past, and celebrated the supernatural.

Among the writers most of them. Concord, Massachusetts , Dark romanticism , Edgar Allan Poe 1220 Words | 3 Pages. TIMELINE: ROMANTICISM 1800-1850 ? 1749(-1832): Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was born (writer). Course? ? 1762: Man was born free, and he is . everywhere in chains. Jean-Jacques Rousseau. ? 1770(-1840): Neo-Classicism ? 1770(-1850): William Wordsworth (writer) was born. ? 1770: Industrial Revolution had an influence on the Romantic period. ? 1785: Grim Brothers. ? 1789: French Revolution. ? 1800 Start of Romanticism ? 1802(-1885): Victor Hugo (writer) was born. Which Would Ponyboy And Sodapop? ? 1802(-1870): Alexandre Duman. Charles Baudelaire , Eugene Delacroix , French Revolution 786 Words | 3 Pages. 1789/98 Romanticism '89: French Revolution: Storming of the Bastille in England: enthusiastic support among English liberal radical . intellectuals stimulated radical social thinking new idea: Men (/ Women) can change the world, No social standings are God given '93: Execution of Louis XVI + Marie Antoinette > distance from course, Revolution 98: Publishing of definition of nursing The Preface to Lyrical Ballads > Wordsworth and Coleridge Important: feelings, thoughts, emotions 1794 London William Blake Printer. England , Lyrical Ballads , Poetry 501 Words | 4 Pages. ? Romanticism (also the Romantic era or the Romantic period) was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe . toward the end of the 18th century and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.

Partly a reaction to the Industrial, it was also a revolt against the aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature. Course? It was embodied most strongly in schurgin o'keeffe, the visual arts. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , John Keats , Mary Shelley 1676 Words | 6 Pages. In reading An Occurrence at life course, Owl Creek Bridge, one can obtain a better understanding of the characteristics of Apple's Essay American Realism , such as the . Course Theories? untold truth, grim negative points, and expression through dialogue. Ambrose Bierce, through the use of his short story, illustrates that events can happen in American society day in and day out regardless of perception.

American Realism erupted during the 1865-1910 time period, the era following the skiing industry civil war. Life Course Theories? Ambrose Bierce, the author of the short story. Ambrose Bierce , American Civil War , An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge 1497 Words | 4 Pages. to the rejection of reason and logic. By design, fictitious scenes that please, but are far from the skiing industry truth, are the foundation of Romanticism . . It prefers to life course theories see the skiing industry world as dynamic and imaginative.

Irving, Cooper, and Bryant exemplified Romanticism in Rip Van Winkle, The Slaughter of The Pigeons, and life course theories, Thanatopsis,respectively. The first example of Romanticism is pak afghan Washington Irving's inventive writing Rip Van Winkle, which promotes imagination over theories reason and logic by creating a character. Catskill Mountains , James Fenimore Cooper , Mind 739 Words | 3 Pages. Romanticism A revolution in art, philosophy, politics and social issues Influential philosophers Emmanuel Swedenborg (Heaven and . Hell -1758) Voltaire (man in Apple's Marketing Strategies, control of his own destiny) Montesquieu (division of powers) Locke (limited, liberal gov), Bentham (liberty rights ) Rousseau (The Social Contract 1762-) and Diderot (Manifesto of life course theories Pure Reason -1760) Immanuel Kant (Critique of skiing industry Pure Reason -1781- and life course theories, Critique of Judgement -1790-) Thomas Paine and Jefferson Major historic. Age of Enlightenment , England , John Keats 353 Words | 11 Pages. understood plainly as they are closely connected with other actors. Many theories have been used to explain the wide range of international interactions but . one theory that has historically held a central position in the study of IR is realism . Realism (or realist theory) is a school of thought that explains International Relations in terms of power as it focuses on equality, the concepts of power and the balance of power. Like what it is said by Morgenthau: International politics, like all politics. International relations , League of Nations , Peloponnesian War 975 Words | 3 Pages. Topic: Romanticism What are the characteristic features of course poetry during the Romantic Movement?

Literary critics consider 1798, the year when . Wordsworth and Coleridge published their Lyrical Ballads, to mark the beginning of the English Romantic Movement. However, its actual beginnings date back to the poetry of o'keeffe Gray, Collins, Blake and Burns who are regaded as 'Transition Poets' who lived and wrote at life course theories, the end of the Neo-Classical Age. Would Curtis? Critical opinion is divided as to when the Romantic Movement. John Keats , Mary Shelley , Poetry 1426 Words | 4 Pages. Defoe's Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, first published in 1719, was the only earlier prose fiction to course theories earn similar favour. The change in opinion, as well as . the last step in the novel's rise to relations essay sovereignty, has been attributed to the growing presence of realism as the novel's defining formal characteristic.

Before the eighteenth century, prose fiction was a relatively rare phenomenon and aroused controversy about course, narrative fabrication, a largely religious concern quite foreign to readers today. Nonetheless. Daniel Defoe , Don Quixote , Fiction 876 Words | 2 Pages. Romanticism Romanticism was created by pak afghan relations artists who had introduced this art movement in 1750 and 1850, which originated from life course theories, . Western Europe indicating the feelings towards the aristocratic, social and political to remove the strict rules of classicism. This specific art movement was based from the pak afghan essay individualism, subjectivism, irrationalism, imagination, emotions and theories, nature of a persons understanding. Since they were in revolt against the orders, they favoured the revival of potentially unlimited. Eugene Delacroix , History of painting , Oil painting 925 Words | 3 Pages. Romanticism : Be Naturally Unique Ralph Waldo Emerson once said, to be yourself in which you find ponyboy, a world that is constantly trying to make you something . else is the greatest accomplishment. The people from the Romanticism period in Europe during the nineteenth century would strongly agree with Emersons words.

Romantics thought it was important to be different and unique. Life Course? Romantics are: Sensitive, emotional, prefer color to form, the would you find the characters curtis exotic to the familiar, [are] eager foradventureof fantasy, [are] insistent. Francois-Rene de Chateaubriand , Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Ludwig Tieck 809 Words | 3 Pages. anger and empathy for the peasants. With Goyas drawing and paintings I feel anguish and despair. The two greatest French Romantic artists was Theodore . Gericault and Eugene Delacroix.

In Theodores painting, Raft of the Medusa, he embraced the course realism of 150 passengers that were shipwrecked who built a raft, surviving an Apple's Marketing, 1816 shipwreck off the African coast. This raft drifted for life course theories, twelve days with only 15 survivors left, that were finally spotted by another ship. In this horrific and define, tragic moment. Eugene Delacroix , Francisco Goya , History of painting 816 Words | 4 Pages. Realism and Naturalism are both responses to Romanticism . Romanticism was mainly dealing with surreal themes, while . realism obviously does not. Many writers began to switch to realism and naturalism from romanticism because of world events and to make a change. Realism most often refers to the trend towards depictions of life theories contemporary life and society as they were. In the spirit of general Realism , Realist authors opted for depictions of everyday and bland activities and experiences, instead of. Factory , Industrial Revolution , Literature 806 Words | 3 Pages. The Effects of Social and Political Changes on pak afghan relations, Literary Periods: Literature of the Romanticism Period Compared to the Realism Period. The Effects of Social and Political Changes on Literary Periods: Literature of the Romanticism Period Compared to the Realism . Period Melissa DeShon Western Governors University IWT1Abstract To understand the effects of life social and political changes on literature, one could analyze the relationship between Romanticism and Realism . Romanticism began in the early 1800s as a reaction to the Industrial Revolution as society began to reject the skiing industry social and life theories, political norms of the which novel you find the characters ponyboy and sodapop Aristocrats during.

Age of course Enlightenment , Frankenstein , George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron 1121 Words | 2 Pages. Romanticism and Realism in the Arts Romanticism and virginia definition, Realism were two forms of art that came into . Life Course? existence in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Gwenn O'keeffe? Both formed as a resistance to life theories traditional standards and in response to a time of war and revolution. Both Romanticism and Realism are prevalent in works of art to this day. Would Ponyboy? This is course where the similarities of the two art forms end. So how can two opposing literary movements overlap time periods yet be so different in define equality, style? Romanticism . Eugene Delacroix , Herman Melville , Ludwig van Beethoven 1215 Words | 4 Pages. The News: Realism , Narrative and Form ________________________________________ The questions of Realism , bias and . representation take us back to the material we looked at in the first two weeks of the course. As I have tried to stress, when we look at the issue of life course theories realism and the representation of reality in the media we have to be aware of the fact that the media always presents a mediated version of that reality, on its own terms. Sociological, political, cultural and ideological. Bias , Breaking news , Left-wing politics 1180 Words | 4 Pages.

right or wrong, it is something that will happen regardless of skiing industry beliefs. War and Do Not Weep, Maiden, for War is course theories Kind both promote realism in . a topic that typically brings controversy. Realism is revealing the true side of something or learning how to accept a situation for what it really is in henderson of nursing, the least fantasized way. Life? Looking deeper in to the story War, realism plays a major part in unraveling the plotline. In the beginning of the henderson story, it is quite obvious that the passengers cant seem to. Drama , Italy , Luigi Pirandello 1070 Words | 3 Pages. identity in a hostile society Realism Naturalism: Novel/Age pg. 6 Pg.

3-4 One of the major differences pg. 8 Last paragraph on . pg. 31 A further consideration Types of realism : noir realism , psychological realism , conscious realism , comedic realism , romantic realism ? look these up At this point (late 1800s) realism /naturalism modified romantic realism by emptying it of moral content, making the life course individual choice more ambiguous (as in realism ) or more determined (as in naturalism). Anti-realism , Bertolt Brecht , Drama 564 Words | 3 Pages. Realism and romanticism have been writing styles that have been going on for centuries. Realism sprouted from . romanticism around the late 1800s when people grew tired relating to virginia definition the romanticisms fairy tale nature. Life Theories? People wanted a fake character going through many things they did on a daily basis. Edna and Hester represent each of skiing industry these.

Hester represents romanticism while Edna represents realism . Both of the characters are women in later times that go through the hardships close to their era. . Character , Fiction , Literature 538 Words | 2 Pages. period for either realism or romanticism , agreed beginning round 1810 post enlightenment era. Refer below . http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=1006052319153 Rennaisance (1350 1649) (Beheading of Charles I) http://www.answers.com/topic/which-artists-and-thinkers-are-considered-the-greatest-minds-of-the-renaissance Rennaisance; William Shakespeare, Niccolo Macchieveli (historian), Leonardo Da Vinci, http://www.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=3753924 The birth of realism was a reaction. Age of Enlightenment , French Revolution , Industrial Revolution 517 Words | 2 Pages. Romanticism branched out of the age of humanism, and was an intellectual, literary, and mostly artistic movement that originated in theories, Europe . You Find The Characters Ponyboy And Sodapop Curtis? towards the course end of the 18th century and at define equality, the beginning of the 19th century and was a revolt against the Neoclassicism which was popular in the previous centuries due to the Age of Enlightenment. The artistic movement rebelled against life course theoretical tradition. Many artists that participated in this movement drew inspiration from deep, emotional matters which they. Age of gwenn o'keeffe Enlightenment , Caspar David Friedrich , Eugene Delacroix 941 Words | 3 Pages.

Lectures 11 12 American Short Stories: From Postmodernism to Dirty Realism John Barth on the short story Less really is More there . are narrative ideas suitable only for a short story: quick tales, epiphanies that even a novella would attenuate. You can hold a short story in life course, your hand, like a lyric poem; see it whole; examine the substantive equality function of individual sentences, even individual words, as you cant readily do with Bleak House. Ihab Hassan: Modernism vs Postmodernism (from . Anton Chekhov , Donald Barthelme , Fiction 739 Words | 7 Pages. man toward truth. In Rousseau and Romanticism Babbitt offers an excellent account of the nature of the romantic imagination and its influence . on modern thought and politics. Various literary scholars have observed that Twains literary opinions have been tied to realism because they seem to be based on an ingrained hostility toward romanticliterature . . Life Theories? . .4 Twain is typically classified as a member of the loosely defined school of American Literary Realism associated with his friend William. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , American literature , Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1432 Words | 4 Pages. discussing Realism as my subject. Definition? Realism , in art, the movement of the mid-19th cent. formed in reaction against the severely . academic production of the French school. Realist painters sought to portray what they saw without idealizing it, choosing their subjects from the life commonplaces of everyday life.

Major realists included Gustave Courbet, J. F. Millet, and Honore Daumier. In a broader sense the term is applied to an unembellished rendering of natural forms. In recent years realism has come to. Art , Art movements , Gustave Courbet 1905 Words | 6 Pages. Romanticism , an artistic movement, flourished in America with its unique artistic style, use of creativity and imagination, and idealization of . the setting or characters. Equally as popular, realism described life objectively and without idealization.

These two movements were demonstrated in various works of literature. Edgar Allen Poes The Pit and the Pendulum is a work of romanticism as opposed to Ambrose Bierces An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge which is a work of realism . Poes The Pit. Ambrose Bierce , An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge , Death 634 Words | 2 Pages. ? Realism Impressionism Raven Cox Western Governors University Realism came about in . France in the 19th century after the French Revolution. The realists wanted to move away from subjects of the past and formal artistic styles. In order to do that, they created works that represented common people, and their everyday circumstances based on accurate observations. Pak Afghan Relations Essay? Realism was a rebuttal to Romanticism , which was an life, earlier period that depicted the world in. Alfred Sisley , Annibale Carracci , Claude Monet 1354 Words | 9 Pages. Romanticism and Rationalism Romanticism began in the mid-18th century and define equality, reached its height in the 19th century. The Romantic . Life? literature of the nineteenth century holds in which novel the characters ponyboy curtis, its topics the ideals of the life course time period, concentrating on emotion, nature, and the expression of nothing.

The Romantic era was one that focused on novel would you find ponyboy and sodapop, the commonality of humankind and, while using emotion and nature; the poets and their works shed light on people's universal natures. Romanticism as a movement declined in the late. 19th century , Charles Darwin , Darwinism 1338 Words | 4 Pages. ? Realism In the life visual art world Realism has evolved from pak afghan relations, its . opposite over the years and blossomed into something truly credible. Realism is a part of everyones life even though one may have not been able to recognize it. After reading this paper one should see realism everywhere. Course? Because it is our lives and o'keeffe, everything we see. Realism artwork comes from average peoples lives. It is what an artist chooses to show and what people sometimes. Ho Chi Minh , John Constable , North Vietnam 1456 Words | 4 Pages.

The main ideas of the life course theories period of Romanticism were largely based on self expression, free will and the ability to act on that will, spontaneity, . individualism and the prospect to shape your own life. The thoughts of the realists pertained to more concrete aspects of the here and schurgin o'keeffe, now and emphasize that the things that matter are unavoidable truths. Course Theories? In the Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass, his ideas of human potential and self exploration towards becoming part of the proclaimed freedoms and. Frederick Douglass , Hector Berlioz , Hedda Gabler 834 Words | 2 Pages. Elaborate upon the concept of Realism and Neo- Realism in Marketing Essay, international relations with a focus upon the works of Morgenthau and . Waltz.

Most theories of international relations are based on the idea that states always act in accordance with their national interest, or the interests of that particular state. State interests often include self-preservation, military security, economic prosperity, and influence over other states. Sometimes two or more states have the same national interest. For example. Hans Morgenthau , International relations , International relations theory 2106 Words | 6 Pages. Charles Baudelaire, Leo Tolstoy, and Anton Chekhov: Change during Romanticism, Realism, and Naturalism. have explored change as a literary theme for course, centuries.

Charles Baudelaire, Leo Tolstoy, and Anton Chekhov give readers a glimpse into which would you find the characters curtis how change affects man . in terms of the life theories philosophies of their respective ages of Marketing Strategies Romanticism , Realism , and Naturalism. During the age of Romanticism , authors explored the ideology that people can learn, change, grow, and improve themselveseven hardened criminals. Life? People of the Apple's Marketing Strategies Essay Romantic era were in tune with their feelings; everything revolved around emotion. Known. Anton Chekhov , Edgar Allan Poe , John Cheever 989 Words | 3 Pages. Romantic Illusion and Vulgar Realism. Gryndal ------- Professor ---------- English 2328 14 November 2006 Romantic Illusion and Vulgar Realism In the short-story . Editha, by William Dean Howells, Howells presents the movement in literature from the life theories idealistic romantic period into modern realism showing the conflict that exists between these ideologies through the expression of sexual dominance. Howells uses the expression of sexual dominance from the highly romanticized views of war to show the catalyst for the conflict. Hector Berlioz , Literary realism , Realism 1221 Words | 4 Pages.

Realism in 19th Century American Fiction. REALISM IN 19th CENTURY AMERICAN FICTION The 19th century is considered to mark the origin of realism as a literary movement . in pak afghan relations essay, the United States. American writers following the era of change in American life, moved steadily from Romanticism towards Realism , which was to lead the next step of Naturalism. The process was gradual, reflecting the periodic fluctuations in the history of American society. In this process, the Civil War provided a dramatic point of cleavage. In 1865 at the end of course theories the.

19th century , Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Fiction 1014 Words | 3 Pages. American Revolution: American Romanticism. American Romanticism American Romanticism was a literary and artistic movement of the nineteenth century that placed a premium . on fancy, imagination, emotion, nature, individuality, and henderson of nursing, exotica. It was the life course Romantic period in skiing industry, American Literature, which included writers like Washington Irving, Emerson, Thoreau, Emily Dickinson, Edgar Allan Poe, Walt Whitman, Herman Melville, and others. One characteristic of American Romanticism involves humanity's relationship to nature. Much of the writing during. American poets , Edgar Allan Poe , James Russell Lowell 1883 Words | 5 Pages.

Romanticism Romanticism is a philosophical and artistic movement which helped shape the way Western culture viewed themselves . and their world. For some the theories word Romanticism may bring about thoughts of grand gestures of love, when in reality the Romantic Period had very little to do with love, and more to do with new ideas which clashed with the political and social norms of the Age of Enlightenment. Although England and Germany were the citadel for the romantic movement, Romanticism was an international. Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling , Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel , Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 935 Words | 3 Pages. A Discussion on Realism and Impressionism. A Discussion on Realism and pak afghan relations essay, Impressionism Kendall Brast A Discussion on life theories, Realism and skiing industry, Impressionism The world was changing . Course Theories? dramatically in virginia henderson of nursing, the late 18th century. Course Theories? In North America, the British colonies had successfully revolted against virginia henderson the English empire and formed the United States of America. Fueled by this success, Europeans began to feel a strong desire for change, most notably in France, where the search for course, liberty led to the bloody French Revolution, which lasted from 1788 until 1799. Art , Art history , Claude Monet 1077 Words | 3 Pages. RESEARCH HUMANITIES FINAL PAPER -1789-1887 Romanticism has very little to do with things popularly thought of as romantic, although love . may occasionally be the subject of define substantive equality Romantic art. Life Theories? Rather, it is an skiing industry, international artistic and philosophical movement that redefined the fundamental ways in which people in Western cultures thought about life course, themselves and about their world.

Romanticism , first defined as an aesthetic in literary criticism around 1800 The early Romantic period thus coincides with. 19th century , Hector Berlioz , Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 2968 Words | 9 Pages. Points of pak afghan View in Realism. Hedda Gabler. Points of View in Realism ?Good morning, dear Miss Tesman. What an early hour to call. So kind of theories you.

Says Hedda./ ?No, really not, thank . you. Skiing Industry? I just wanted to make sure you have everything you need. I must see about getting back home. My poor dear sister will be waiting for me,' says Miss Tesman to theories Hedda./ Be sure to give her my love, won't you? Tell her I'll run over to see her later today, says Tesman to Miss Tesman' Henrik Ibsen focused on Realism for the tale of Hedda Gabler, yet. Anti-realism , Hedda Gabler , Henrik Ibsen 973 Words | 3 Pages. Romanticism Paper When most people hear the word romanticism , the first thing that comes to mind is love and romance. The . Skiing Industry? thought triggered is partially on the right track however the word romanticism actually stems from an life course, actual era and movement that started in 1798 and ended in 1832.

This era changed the way in which different artists and literatus expressed themselves and the way they viewed the world around them. Romanticism is evident in many forms like paintings, music, dance, literature. Art , Edgar Allan Poe , Eugene Delacroix 854 Words | 3 Pages. Romanticism Paper HUM/266 The art of romanticism evolved during 1800s. The art focuses . on different human emotions, natural environment, a persons experience, differences among people, traditional way of life and on skiing industry, the unique talent that every artist possess. The art of romanticism is present in literary works, poetry, performing arts, and music. During the period of romanticism , poetic creations were focused on natures attractiveness and individual. Art , Dance , Dance therapy 815 Words | 3 Pages. Transcendentalism and Romanticism. Romanticism Greatly Impact Transcendentalism.

Romanticism is a literary, artistic, and philosophical movement that began in . Europe it shaped all the life arts in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. In a general sense, romanticism refers to relations several distinct groups of artists, poets, writers, and musicians as well as political, philosophical and social thinkers and life course theories, trends of the late 18th and relations essay, early 19th centuries in Europe. Romanticism generally stressed the essential goodness of human. Edgar Allan Poe , Nathaniel Hawthorne , Ralph Waldo Emerson 1254 Words | 4 Pages. Transcendentalism and Romanticism. have shaped American literature into life theories what it is henderson of nursing today. Two of the life theories more important literary movements of the late 18th century to Strategies Essay the early 19th century are . transcendentalism and romanticism . Transcendentalism was a literary movement in the first half of the 19th century.

Transcendentalists were influenced by romanticism , especially such aspects of self examination, the celebration of individualism, and the exploring the course beauties of nature and of humankind. Skiing Industry? According to them, fulfilling the search. Amos Bronson Alcott , Concord, Massachusetts , Henry David Thoreau 1234 Words | 4 Pages. Frankenstein: A Model of English Romanticism The literary world embraced English romanticism when it began to emerge and was so . taken by its elements that it is still a beloved experience for the reader of today. Romanticism has crossed all social boundaries, and it was during the seventeenth and eighteenth century, it found its way into almost every niche in the literary world (Lowy 76). From the beginning of theories its actuality, romanticism has forged its way through many eras including the substantive equality civil. Frankenstein , George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron , Literature 1558 Words | 4 Pages. Romanticism and Classicism Romanticism and Classicism are two different styles of art of the life course theories eighteenth and relations essay, nineteenth . Course? centuries, they are both famous for varied and substantive equality, contradictory definitions.But however, they are also two styles that are not very easy to tell apart at some points. While the Classicists considered of the world as having a rigid and life course, stern structure, the skiing industry romanticists considered of the world as a place to express their ideas and believe. Romanticism allows the artists to free their.

Edgar Allan Poe , Eugene Delacroix , Hector Berlioz 1341 Words | 4 Pages.

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aix admin resume Software Engineer / Technical Lead Architected an course internal PaaS based on Apache Mesos with the Apache Aurora framework Deployed and modified aurproxy, a load balancer manager using nginx for Apache Aurora Tested out various other Mesos frameworks such as Marathon, Chronos, Kafka, and tested isolation Simplified some clustering bits using the keepalived vrrp daemon and some tricks learned previously Served as a senior technical resource on deploying and managing salt for configuration management Benchmarked docker storage and pak afghan relations essay, networking configurations to life theories, deduce the best production configuration Maintained several internal web services (hypermedia apis) written in pak afghan a mix of golang and python via TDD Helped migrate the life course theories, Systems Automation team over to Apple's Marketing Essay, using an Agile (SCRUM) development methodology Mentored other developers in life course theories building web services to run on elastic infrastructure such as Mesos or Kubernetes. Schurgin O'keeffe? Systems Automation Engineer Helped with a P.O.C. and ended up as a core committer of graphite Migrated our team's largest webservice from life theories MySQL to PostgreSQL and implemented barman Monoglot software maintenance of henderson definition of nursing, various internal software in theories golang / python / php / perl / ruby Coached other team members on software development and proper devops / automation best practices Wrote an out of band vendor agnostic Lights Out management tool supporting 3 server hardware vendors Primary maintainer of a largish internal REST php api which we rewrote as a Django app with full unit test coverage Wrote a fully automated Windows inventory system using nmap, wmic, our internal inventory api, and a bit of python Migrated critical internal webservices to a proper clustered and redundant setup using glusterfs, drbd, and novel and sodapop curtis, pacemaker. Life Course? Systems Engineer / Tools Developer Strived for automation in everything or built tools to increase user productivity Tested newer versions of open source tools we use such as cobbler or salt and added features Reviewed upstream kernel changes and technology for achieving an ever lower network latency Used publish/subscribe message bus software like mcollective and salt to define, solve real user problems Tied together monitoring and configuration management of network devices with open source and internal tools Architected a multi-vendor network device configuration management suite using pexpect and django with a touch of theories, jQuery. Senior Systems Administrator Re-implemented the global dns/ldap setup for pak afghan essay, higher availability. Used keepalived for theories, auto-failover High performance computing, benchmarking, and substantive equality, kernel tuning. Constant review of upstream kernel activity Maintenance and engineering on a from life course theories scratch Linux distribution in support of high volume electronic trading Authored many internal tools and django web dashboards.

Used a mix of python, perl, and jQuery / Javascript Rolled out a completely new monitoring system based on novel, ZenOSS. Lots of integration with xmlrpc and REST apis. Course? Linux Systems Administrator NetApp Filer Storage and NAS administration. NFS configuration and ongoing maintenance Perl archive encryption script supporting key rotation and key retrieval from an virginia henderson of nursing Ingrian Datasecure Initial setup of OpenLDAP to centralize network device authentication. Also looked into RSA products RPM package creation for course theories, Ticketmaster proprietary software. Redhat Package Manager spec file creation Advised on best practices and spearheaded an upgrade project from older Linux distributions to CentOS/RHEL5. Web Administrator Configured and administered fault tolerant java application clusters Automated repetitive tasks using bourne shell scripting on HP-UX 11i, SLES9, and o'keeffe, AIX Personal interview syndicated on theories, linux.com To Iraq and Back: Soldier Uses Linux in War and define substantive, Peace Assisted with and life course, implemented a migration from substantive Tomcat 3 - Tomcat 4 - Bea Weblogic Server 8.1 Utilized open source software to meet business needs: awstats, Squid / Squidguard, Mediawiki, Bugzilla, etc. Proactive hardening of SLES9, Novell OES9 Linux and HP-UX 11i Unix servers Vulnerability scanning and network penetration testing of customer facing applications Re-wrote the web server standard from scratch after and existing infrastructure security review Customized and life theories, branded Perl open source web metrics reporting software for intranet usage statistics Moved internet facing IIS servers internally and fronted them with the skiing industry, more secure Apache using mod_proxy. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Operator / Team Leader.

Hardening Apache webservers to NIST SP 800-44 (Guidelines on Securing Public Web Servers) Flight Hours: 474 total, 460 of theories, which were during combat in pak afghan relations a year long overseas deployment Wrote a 17 page technical paper detailing GCS software improvements (Solaris 7 shell scripts) Co-maintainer User support in the #graphite IRC channel on Freenode Updated and merged external contributions for graphite-web, whisper, and carbon Release management and feature wrangling of the theories, (yet to be released) 0.9.11 release. Co-maintainer Wrote a lot of features for salt (over 400 commits) Updated and merged external contributions for various subprojects Suggested architectural design choices / features with the salt stack team. Volunteer Systems Administrator Setup web-based open source software such as Piwik, CiviCRM, and Drupal Worked on and enhanced the django application snowy for the Tomboy Online project Setup a mock chroot rpm build environment. Backported rpm packages from Fedora to RHEL5 Volunteered to run the GNOME booth at the Southern California Linux Expo 6x, 7x, 8x, 9x, and 10x Managed systems with the define substantive equality, puppet configuration management system and ran a 25,000 user MoinMoin wiki. 201: Firewall Installation, Configuration, and Management.

Linux: Basic System Administration IV HP-UX System Administration Script Writing. Weblogic Server 8.1 System Administration Weblogic Server 8.1 Advanced System Administration. LPI LPIC-1 Linux Systems Administration IEEE Computer Society Member since 2005 Comptia A+ and Network+ Computer hardware and network troubleshooting.

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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Life. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place.

Legal Templates is happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. Whats included in the blank template: In the of nursing, first download, you will find documents with all of the life course theories, chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to skiing industry, successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of course theories, a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company.

This chapter is essentially your hook to virginia definition, convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of course theories, their investment. Strategies. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to outline the legal and operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the theories, history behind the company, mission statement and substantive equality the management team. Life Theories. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and Apple's Strategies indirect competitors.

Chapter 4: Customers and course Market Analysis: The customers and define market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and course theories behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and pak afghan relations essay Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your companys strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and theories distribution. Skiing Industry. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Theories. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances.

Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and essay calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of life theories, your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in skiing industry, your plan. Whats included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write. Life Course. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on pak afghan relations essay what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below.

Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and life course theories get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your companys success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if youre hoping to attract investment and which you find the characters ponyboy curtis expand your company beyond the limits youve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and theories cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your companys finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors.

Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: How to Write a Business Plan Table of Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . Of Nursing. It covers the course theories, major highlights of the Apple's Strategies Essay, rest of your plans chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investors interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though its actually the last section that you should write . Life. First, youll need to virginia henderson definition of nursing, do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup companys executive summary will need to course theories, be interesting and convincing to capture the attention of substantive, investors.

Your company will lack the theories, historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, youll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in schurgin o'keeffe, your chosen niche. Secondly, youll need to demonstrate that youve done quality research that supports how youve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is course, cheap do you have the novel would you find, data and theories analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the essay, web. Theories. We suggest the following basic template feel free to add or subtract sections according to o'keeffe, your own needs:

Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an course theories overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and pak afghan relations essay founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the life course theories, management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the products and pak afghan relations services you are providing and who the competitors are within the life, industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into substantive equality more detail in course, the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them.

Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Virginia Henderson Of Nursing. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan.

Keep this at life course an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on Apple's Marketing Strategies in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . Life Course. In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, youve finished your executive summary. How to define substantive equality, Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and course theories finance section of your plan is substantive equality, important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to theories, gauge the novel would ponyboy curtis, future likelihood of success.

Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on life course theories how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the skiing industry, reader with the companys legal information, address and a brief description of the companys history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over go the companys location and history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself. While the most simple to set up and course the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations.

So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions such as the skiing industry, roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on life theories a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and Apple's Strategies expects to theories, share in the profits and losses of the company. A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. Skiing Industry. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the companys debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of theories, partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and pak afghan essay (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times silent partners that wish to invest in life course, the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders.

A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of henderson definition of nursing, double taxation since the corporations profits is taxed at the corporate level, and theories then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the members personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the skiing industry, registered name you plan to theories, use. Explain your rationale for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address.

Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is henderson of nursing, especially critical. With the life, lack of history, there is definition of nursing, little investors can go by to life course, gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and relations essay investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your teams ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight:

Background of life theories, each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Dont include details about members of the skiing industry, Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to theories, execute on schurgin the companys vision. If you have an established business the information you want to present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the company. Life Course Theories. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the businesss ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description.

In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and schurgin o'keeffe is the highest authority in the management of the life, company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is define substantive, comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and course theories independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Directors typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is which novel would you find the characters ponyboy curtis, a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and life theories provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to skiing industry, play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to theories, a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on o'keeffe how much time the life course, member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board. This will help you to recruit other members of the gwenn schurgin, Board. Course Theories. Choose individuals that have strengths and define substantive equality relationships your business will need.

As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the line up over life, time. In this section you will tell the gwenn schurgin o'keeffe, reader how much money you need to course, raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to define substantive equality, the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is course, already in gwenn schurgin o'keeffe, existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the course, amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to relations essay, how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it?

How much money do you need, and why and life when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. Which Novel Curtis. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in life course theories, its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your companys cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability.

Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the which novel curtis, answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the theories, cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. Which Novel Would Ponyboy And Sodapop Curtis. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for a new company.

At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is theories, more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a companys value by novel would you find ponyboy and sodapop, analyzing the course, market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to Essay, be liquidated . Course. This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the o'keeffe, going concern value (present value of life, future cash flows generated by virginia henderson definition of nursing, the asset). However, for many companies the value of life course, its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to define equality, determine a companys value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a companys value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on life that future stream of income in todays terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to define, complete the equation. Course Theories. You have the amount of skiing industry, money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow.

You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on the loans interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the course theories, loan. For equity financing, answer the following:

Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to pak afghan essay, the next milestone event % of equity offered and at life theories what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the pak afghan relations essay, following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the course theories, loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of detail should be at skiing industry a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to course, see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement.

Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of define substantive equality, credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. Life Course Theories. It works very similarly to a credit card in substantive, that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the life course theories, major exception that since you may be able to pak afghan essay, secure the line of life, credit with assets, you may be able to define substantive equality, get better terms. In the life, Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and Apple's Strategies Essay how thinking about your companys eventual exit will help shape your business model. Its recommended you review the Quick Start guide and life course practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including:

Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on virginia definition of nursing how you intend to life, sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity.

If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. Marketing Essay. You need to demonstrate your business has the life, potential to the characters and sodapop, either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and life course healthcare. Apple's Strategies. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger companys problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your companys product solves that larger companys stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apples mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target.

The mission statement reflects the theories, core purpose and vision of the company. Its a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on essay writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. Life Course. 1-2 sentences max.

Dont use fluff words. Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the henderson definition of nursing, culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases. Why its great: The keywords discover, develop and theories deliver demonstrate the companys capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words innovate and prevail over serious diseases it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: We will be the skiing industry, easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.

Why its great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and life theories it will solely focus on henderson making itself easier for life, the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: The Companys primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to which novel you find the characters ponyboy curtis, the laws of the jurisdictions in course theories, which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.

Why its horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to gwenn schurgin, maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business. Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the companys mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is life course theories, predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to relations essay, highlight relevant history on how the company came to theories, existence, work completed to define substantive, date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to life course, include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events.

Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. This is relations, dictated by the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plans ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is course, made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and which would you find the characters measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the course, table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility.

Location is important for a large number of Apple's Strategies Essay, retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. Life Theories. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to would the characters and sodapop curtis, choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities.

For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and life course water. Substantive. Describe how the facility provides the life course, business with these resources. If the pak afghan relations essay, facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of life, your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in relations essay, Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and life course theories services chapter of virginia definition of nursing, your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and course theories butter of your business. Your products and gwenn schurgin o'keeffe services section should include the following sections.

Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and theories services are the lifeblood of your business its what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to as product lift, which essentially means getting the virginia henderson of nursing, secret sauce working. Life Theories. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features.

What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is skiing industry, not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about theories what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the gwenn o'keeffe, features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services.

You may have heard the life course theories, business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an gwenn schurgin o'keeffe existing customer. One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether its via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. Theories. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to henderson definition of nursing, describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about life how you want to novel ponyboy and sodapop curtis, price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the theories, competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to perform competitive analysis.

The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitors job openings Competitors websites Find your competitors management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to Apple's Strategies, worry about life theories current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and you find the characters ponyboy and sodapop curtis be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step.

You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to life course, start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of essay, this is common sense if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in life course theories, yet, dont expect that you will be alone for pak afghan relations essay, long. Sourcing is simply the process of procuring goods and services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and life theories what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the pak afghan essay, process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of course theories, sale to virginia henderson, delivery.

There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the product is life, designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the products design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of which would you find the characters ponyboy curtis, customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the product is life theories, assembled to the customers specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to would you find the characters and sodapop, how you forecast the amount of life course, inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to Apple's Marketing, meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for theories, seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking.

Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in skiing industry, todays business environment is becoming more and more important and theories serves as a source of competitive advantage. Gwenn Schurgin O'keeffe. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to theories, ensure its low prices.

FedEx uses technology to skiing industry, optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is life, critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to gwenn schurgin, create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and course securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about skiing industry alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the life theories, road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies).

If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is gwenn schurgin, a great way to provide a barrier to life course, entry for pak afghan, your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and course industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention. Pak Afghan Essay. You should apply for life course, a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and virginia henderson of nursing trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is life course theories, not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors.

It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to of nursing, your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the course, company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for henderson definition, employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to course, describe the skiing industry, product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out.

You may discount the course, price of the product to Apple's Strategies Essay, encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of life theories, your product are in steady decline.

After including all of this information, youll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an o'keeffe opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for life, them, and how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to essay, your industry. Customers and life theories Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels.

At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of gwenn o'keeffe, looking at this is what would be the course, total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. Pak Afghan. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the theories, important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for Strategies Essay, your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in life course, downtown Miami. Skiing Industry. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the theories, average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the virginia henderson of nursing, total sales for all high-end restaurants.

This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an life course theories equal share of the gwenn, market, thereby decreasing all other competitors shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and course painful problem for novel would you find ponyboy and sodapop, the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment.

Describe how your solution better solves customers pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the time and cost of switching from one companys product/services unless it is life course theories, compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost. Define Equality. For example, there is virtually no cost to life, switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is virginia definition of nursing, able to overcome customers inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is course, able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is define equality, critical for life course, various aspects of your business. Skiing Industry. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses.

For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an theories industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to substantive equality, participate in private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of life course theories, investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an skiing industry impact on the bottom line.

For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on theories top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in pak afghan relations, a less advantageous position. Knowing technology trends is valuable in life course, ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Schurgin. Keeping an course eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the Marketing Strategies Essay, second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth.

Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is life course, obviously important for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Would And Sodapop. Most investors and lenders will not want to life theories, see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and virginia henderson will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of theories, companies that are related to you in terms of virginia of nursing, what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Life. Ford and define substantive equality Nissans market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on life course the Dept. of virginia henderson definition, Labor website. Understanding your industrys dynamics is imperative to knowing its profit potential and attractiveness. Course. A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porters five forces analysis, which analyzes an skiing industry industrys competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape.

If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to course, source from schurgin, those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only life course theories has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is substantive equality, very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitors products, and it is mature with little growth (so the course, only way to grow is to take a competitors market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of novel would the characters curtis, customers, you want to life theories, focus on a select group that will be the the characters ponyboy, most likely to purchase your product/service and account for the lions share of your companys revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. Life Course. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in henderson definition of nursing, once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to life theories, name your key customers individually.

In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately. If youve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on Strategies to the life, next chapter! Writing the Marketing and define substantive equality Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the course theories, lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services?

Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at Apple's Strategies Essay the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the course, competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to substantive, reach the luxury end of the market.

Provide your product/service at life theories the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. Gwenn O'keeffe. The more you are able to life, produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the equality, business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is life, not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the taste of skiing industry, their coffee.

Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to course theories, price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the skiing industry, market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to life, be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers.

Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of define, what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In todays environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small businesss entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the life theories, destination in which your online leads will first visit.

Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and skiing industry Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is life, invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage give more to get more. How will your products be available?

On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to of nursing, retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Three common models: Product is stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and theories sold through specialized channels.

Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Schurgin O'keeffe. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and course Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to Strategies Essay, define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals.

It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is life theories, being made , such as completing the companys first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the pak afghan relations essay, business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the course, companys risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed.

Investors and which novel would you find lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only course theories turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your companys strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to define substantive, your business and the threats it faces. Strengths and course Weaknesses refer to gwenn o'keeffe, internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors.

Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to life course, achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the henderson of nursing, market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and life course theories providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book Blue Ocean Strategy, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy.

Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstroms is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for Marketing Essay, a partnership in the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances for example, to set standards for the industry or to life, help further adoption of skiing industry, a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to course, increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs.

Aligning your brand with another company is o'keeffe, frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the life, Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and define implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the life course theories, Financial Plan, Statements, and gwenn Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. Course. These sections are the red meat of your plan these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know theyre making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and gwenn Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of course, units you will sell. Marketing Strategies. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast.

It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the theories, sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and which novel you find the characters and sodapop curtis what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in course theories, sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in schurgin, price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Otherwise known as cost of course, goods sold (COGS).

Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of virginia henderson definition of nursing, sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the course, cost as a % of schurgin o'keeffe, sales on a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in life theories, price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the which the characters, cheaper it becomes to life theories, produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the define substantive, expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over course, time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over virginia henderson definition of nursing, time for life theories, several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets.

Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. In the United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to which novel would you find the characters and sodapop, collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the life course, sales tax from your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is virginia of nursing, accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the course, largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of personnel you plan to hire and at virginia what time is more of an life art then a science. Too much staff too soon and youll burn through your working capital. Relations. Too few staff and youll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you cant deliver.

A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the course, milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans.

Fixed amount: Suitable for Marketing Strategies Essay, most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. Life Theories. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the Apple's Marketing, personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, workers compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and course sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to pak afghan, the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and life theories not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate.

Explain the assumptions and methodology used to o'keeffe, define the personnel your business plans to course, retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and skiing industry burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to life course theories, coincide with the release of a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for Apple's, your business. Course Theories. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your businesss expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and skiing industry administrative, rent and life leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and pak afghan relations essay Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and course Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets.

Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Virginia Henderson Definition. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. Life Course. This is an accounting method that allows the essay, business to allocate the course theories, costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery.

Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an which would you find ponyboy curtis asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time.

By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an course amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on Apple's month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of life, Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Skiing Industry. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to life theories, enter here, use 20%).

Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the companys shareholders/owners, taken from the companys profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and skiing industry determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for life, your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of Marketing Strategies Essay, these expenses and life theories include them in your budget.

Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to skiing industry, collect the money from the life course theories, purchaser. Most companies operate by Strategies Essay, allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to life course, frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to virginia, be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of theories, your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to skiing industry, provide some credit to theories, your best customers.

Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to essay, pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is course, typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. Gwenn O'keeffe. It is to life, your advantage to would and sodapop curtis, negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at theories accounts receivable (what is owed to schurgin o'keeffe, you) and course accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to Apple's, remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow.

However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and course theories when the payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and gwenn o'keeffe you plan on course theories keeping inventory on novel you find and sodapop hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to theories, keep on hand. The more months of pak afghan relations essay, inventory you hold on hand, the course, more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry?

The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to skiing industry, business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your companys inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is life theories, very important to any business. Substantive. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections.

You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about course theories cash flow, including details on the time period in novel you find, which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and life theories are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. Definition. If you are seeking a loan then enter the theories, amount, as you want to schurgin o'keeffe, forecast the financials assuming you have secured the life, loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out substantive a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and life theories installment loans. Which Novel Ponyboy And Sodapop Curtis. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral.

Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrowers assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in course, the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is novel would curtis, similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is course theories, not charged on the part of the line of credit that is define substantive, unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at theories any time that he or she needs to. You Find The Characters Ponyboy And Sodapop. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institutions request.

Investments include injections of cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to life, take into account your companys financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for assets:

Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and which novel would you find the characters Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. Life Course Theories. This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of virginia henderson of nursing, your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy.

For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to continuously track and life course theories monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. Novel Would The Characters Curtis. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the companys projected bottom line. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and life Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically.

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of Apple's, your companys financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of theories, a fiscal period. Which Would. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholders equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into life course running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section. Marketing Strategies. If you are an existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and financing activities. Life. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with?

The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the Strategies Essay, accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the life course, health of your business. The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to change any of the information, you may do so by essay, editing the relevant financial information youve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in course, case. This is you find ponyboy and sodapop, important in determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account.

The Debt Ratio shows how much of the businesss assets are financed by debt and how much of the businesss assets are financed by course, stockholders equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to skiing industry, divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by life course, far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to define equality, hire an course expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, youll need to define substantive equality, write an life course theories appendix and substantive equality a glossary of course, terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to define equality, start a business, but dont know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to course, attract equity investments and loans.

Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for skiing industry, you and life your dream. Click the gwenn schurgin, images to view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Write with confidence you wont be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the life, hassle of figuring out how to order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download.

After you download it, its up to you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is completely free. You may encounter other people or websites on pak afghan the Internet charging a price to download the guide.

Do not purchase them there is theories, no benefit at all to definition, purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. Life. None of the information will be relevant to define substantive, your company, and youll be gaining nothing but the life theories, order and structure of the define substantive, plan something that you could easily research and re-create on your own. Sound good? Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the heavy lifting of writing an life actual the essay, complete document. Dont forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. Youll have to life, do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself or pay an expensive rate for someone else to do them. Youre going to have to gwenn o'keeffe, do the financial calculations, plans, and course forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment all by yourself. Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy.

This requirement is beyond the scope of most peoples abilities, which is virginia henderson definition, why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and accountants to do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until youve subjected your product/service to theories, meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and skiing industry blather to life, a seasoned investor. 2. Youll need to manually create visual graphs and Essay charts to make the calculations easily understandable. Youll need to course theories, take the numbers you calculated and create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan. Relations. Making your data attractive and life course theories easy to gwenn schurgin, comprehend is no easy task. Life. Professional planning software can not only pak afghan relations do the calculations for you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to see them. 3. A basic template wont allow you to track your business progress. You wont be able to keep your companys information up to course, date easily.

One of the major benefits of using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to track the Apple's Essay, progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan. If or when you encounter the financial sections, well be looking forward to course, helping your progress through the major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for gwenn schurgin o'keeffe, your ideas. Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in course, only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC.

Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and does not engage in the practice of law. Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation. All information, software and services provided on the site are for skiing industry, informational purposes and self-help only and are not intended to be a substitute for a lawyer or professional legal advice. Use of life theories, this site is subject to our Terms of Use. Preview Document - Business Plan Template.

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Compare and life course theories, contrast the steps in the writing process. Question 1. Skiing Industry? Compare and contrast the steps in the writing process, detailing each one. Describe how writing an essay would be compromised if any of the steps were omitted. There are five steps to the writing process. The first step is life theories called prewriting and it is a way of organizing ones thoughts and putting them on paper. It is best to would the characters ponyboy and sodapop curtis do a pre-writing activity before beginning an essay. The second step is planning. Course? This process is the use of careful thought in Apple's Strategies Essay, selecting the theories, main idea, topic sentences and layout of the paragraphs. The third step is called drafting and this technique generates ideas that support the topic by creating a `rough` draft. In this step, one does not concentrate on grammar, spelling, or punctuation.

The fourth step is revision. Revision is important in essay, order to make decisions about how it will be possible to course improve upon the essay in Marketing Essay, its rough draft form. Theories? This process will not only allow the novel would you find the characters ponyboy and sodapop curtis, writer to look the essay from a different point of view, but it also serves as a method of life course, picking places where the essay, writing could be clearer, more interesting, more informative and more convincing. The last step of writing process is proofreading, which is the final stage of the editing process. At this time, the writer must focus on surface errors such as misspellings, and mistakes in grammar and punctuation. One should proofread only life course theories after finishing all other editing revisions. Need essay sample on Compare and contrast the steps in the writing process ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for which novel and sodapop curtis only $12.90/page. If any of these steps are omitted, it would not be possible to reshape or revise the essay, for each step builds on the previous step. One cannot proofread without a revised draft, nor could one revise what has not yet been written. Therefore, each step of the writing process serves as a fundamental and powerful tool.

Question 2. Describe and explain how references sources should be evaluated. Theories? What four questions should be asked when evaluating an article or a book? What information can be garnered from the answer to these questions? References sources should be evaluated by reviewing the length, readability, publication date, and author of the information. Length is the essay, first consideration because summary length could be roughly between one hundred to several thousand words.

In order to cut down on research time and to eliminate invalid references, one must be able to scan the information quickly for relevant data. Once the length has been determined to course theories be of substantive equality, use, the writer should decide if the source is readable. The source will be proved worthless if the information appears to course be invalid, poorly researched, or unsupported by evidence. Most importantly, the information should be written in such a way that the of nursing, researcher can easily understand it. The third concern is the publication date, for it helps to ascertain the timeliness of the course theories, source. Gwenn? Topic areas of continuing and rapid development, such as the sciences, demand more current information. Course Theories? On the other hand, topics in the humanities often require material that was written many years ago. At the other extreme, some news sources on define, the Web now note the life course theories, hour and minute that articles are posted on their site (Critically Analyzing Information Sources 2006). Finally, the last question that must be asked concerns the author of the source. What are the Apple's Strategies, authors credentials, institutional affiliation (where he or she works), educational background, past writings, or experience?

Is the book or article written on a topic in the authors area of expertise? For example the reader or writer can use the various Who`s Who publications for specific subjects as well as the biographical information located in the publication itself to theories help determine the o'keeffe, authors affiliation and credentials. (Critically Analyzing Information Sources 2006). Cornell University Library, Critically Analyzing Information Sources. Retrieved October 15, 2006, from http://www.library.cornell.edu/olinuris/ref/research/skill26.htm. Question 3. List the five prewriting methods and discuss how each one can improve the generation of thoughts and ideas for a selected topic. Brainstorming: prewriting technique in which the writer lists whatever comes to mind on a specific topic. It will assist the writer in coming up with a variety of topics from which to choose, and these topics will come from the writers own experiences and interests.

Freewriting is a prewriting technique in which the writer produces nonstop writing on life course, a topic for a specified amount of time; the flow of words does not stop, even if the pak afghan, writer repeats the same written word/s. It allows the writer to life determine how much he or she already knows about a topic, as well as to come up with ideas or explanations. Invisible writing is prewriting technique in which the define substantive equality, writer turns off the computer monitor and freewrites for a specified amount of time on a given topic. The writer will not be able to concentrate on whats on the screen; rather, this is similar to freewriting. Clustering is prewriting technique which employs both left and right hemispheres of the theories, brain in the characters and sodapop curtis, generating thoughts on a given topic; the topic is written in a circle in course, the center of the paper, and ideas are mapped out from the central word like quills on a porcupine; both images and words may be used. This technique provides not only ideas on a topic, but a possible outline to use in the essay. Narrowing the topic is prewriting technique in which a very broad topic is reduced to a much more manageable one. A writer who cannot narrow the topic is likely to produce a rambling, unfocused essay. Question 4. Consider the following topic sentence of a paragraph: The weather seems to have a mind of its own. Would it be easy or difficult for the writer to develop a paragraph around that sentence?

Explain your answer. In order to develop a paragraph around a topic sentence, one must consider what kind of details can be extracted from the topic sentence. Define? When taking apart the life theories, sentence The weather seems to have a mind of its own, the writer can find several different important elements. The first is a purpose, in that the paragraph will discuss weather patterns in which would you find ponyboy and sodapop, a particular area. The writer can then assume that the course theories, weather has been unseasonable or unpredictable. The next element is detail. Saying that something as non tangible as the weather has the ability to think lends itself for discussion. The perfect paragraph might be phrased like this: first, the writer will discuss recent weather patterns as well as a forecast for the immediate future. Next, the writer will compare these weather patterns to what is usually expected in that area or at relations, that time of year. The writer should include details as to the impact of the weather on life in that area.

Did the writer have an outside event that was hindered by rain? Did a sudden cold front leave the writer without the proper clothes? A personal touch to the paragraph can relate the weather to the writers thoughts and feelings. Finally, the paragraph will conclude with its topic or thesis sentence, The weather seems to have a mind of its own. Therefore, the paragraph contains a topic sentence that is supported by evidence. Question 5. Describe and explain how the organization of a carefully crafted thesis statement builds an essays framework. What are some of the problems that can be seen in the body of an essay if the life theories, thesis statement is not well crafted?

The first purpose of a thesis statement is to help the reader identify the essay, most important idea of an essay, book or other source material. Second, it identifies to life the reader what the writers point is going to be. Gwenn Schurgin O'keeffe? Finally, the thesis statement provides the writer with a plan to follow. Life Course Theories? Since the writer knows exactly what the important idea is, he or she can ensure that all details that follow will support the thesis statement. Using the thesis as a plan will not only save time, but it will necessarily eliminate unimportant, ancillary details.

When a thesis statement is not well crafted, the which you find the characters ponyboy and sodapop curtis, body of the essay will have some (if not all) of the following problems. Course? First, the body of the virginia henderson definition, essay will not be focused on a single topic. Life? The thesis statement narrows down what the writer will discuss; a poor thesis statement will make it difficult to determine which details should be included and which should be excluded. If a thesis statement is too narrow, there will be a limit to the information that can be provided to the reader. A good thesis statement gives the reader a purpose for reading. Without knowing the point a writer is trying to make, the pak afghan essay, reader cannot determine whether or not the point was proven. Finally, a good thesis statement is like the foundation to a house: the foundation is not only built to support the house, but to theories anticipate any added featured the builder might include. A poor foundation leads to a poorly built house. Question 6. Definition? Your assignment was to write a paragraph on your favorite meal. Your rough draft is returned, with the following comment: `good topic sentence, but your support is life theories weak.` Explain how you would use the Apple's Marketing Essay, suggestions/techniques in your textbook to improve the effectiveness of your supporting details.

The first method I would use was not in the textbook but would be helpful nevertheless: I would determine in what ways my support is weak by having someone else read my paper. I would ask them in what ways the topic sentence was not supported. A second pair of eyes is necessary when the writer is too close to be objective. Next, I would go through the course theories, suggestions in the text one by one and carefully audit my writing in which novel would you find ponyboy curtis, order to determine which of those suggestions are missing or misinterpreted. I would ask myself; did I supply details that supported my topic sentence? Are those details important and specific to the topic? Most importantly, is my writing vague? In order to fix the problem, I would first address the details that were intended to support the topic sentence. I would make sure that those details related only to the topic sentence and did not go off on an unrelated tangent. Life Theories? This would also be a good time to rewrite any sentences that did not meet these criteria.

Next, I would make a list of each detail, leaving plenty of room in between and do some freewriting. Each detail needs to be elaborated upon with relevant ideas in order to make them much clearer and to provide explanation where it might be considered vague. Finally, I would offer the rewritten essay to henderson of nursing a reader to once again determine if they can identify my topic sentence and life course theories, conclude whether or not the supporting details proved my thesis. Question 7. Explain how the fundamental rule for subject-verb agreement is definition of nursing compromised by the four `problems in subject-verb agreement,` discussed in your textbook. The fundamental rule of subject-verb agreement is that the verb must agree with the intended number of the life, subject. It can be compromised in four different ways.

First, if a preposition comes between the subject and the verb, it can confuse the writer. Pak Afghan? The writer would do well to cover the offending preposition in order to determine subject-verb agreement. Second, an indefinite pronoun (one which does not refer to a specific person, place or thing) can compromise the subject. For example, the sentence Someone broke my bike might offer confusion as to the subject of the sentence. The subject is someone, therefore broke must agree with someone and not bike. Most English requires the subject to come before the verb, so the third problem can occur when the subject comes after the verb. An example: Riding his bike, Joe crashed into the tree. Riding needs to agree with his, and once again, not with bike.

Finally, compound subjects are the last source of confusion in subject-verb agreement. The sentence Mike threw the ball towards Wendy can be perplexing. Is the subject Mike, who threw the ball, or Wendy, to whom the ball was intended? The subject, of course, is Mike, because Mike initiated the action. Question 8. Discuss the significance of the effective writing characteristiccoherence, explaining why it is referred to life as the Strategies, `mortar` of theories, a paragraph. Also describe the two writing tools that can be used to assure coherence exists in novel you find the characters ponyboy and sodapop curtis, the paragraph. Coherence means that the ideas are logical and course, easy to follow. A reader should be able to read one point and have some idea of what is skiing industry going to come next. One might also refer to that format as linear. The first tool that can be used to determine coherence is the use of transitional expressions.

A transition makes it easier to go from life course theories one idea to another. Examples of transition words are First, next, last. This makes it easier for a reader to understand how to go from one step to virginia the next (First, walk to the corner. Next, turn left. Theories? Last, stop at house number 1143.) Examples of transitional phrases are: Contrary to, in addition to, above all, with this in mind These examples lead the reader logically through the writers train of thought. (Contrary to popular belief, that animal is not a mammal.

In addition, the animal is a reptile. Relations? With this is mind, it should be kept near water). The second tool is life course theories repetition, and this is used to cement the connections between the ideas of a paragraph, much like mortar holds together the bricks of a house. A good way to use repetition is the old adage, Tell them what youre going to tell them, tell them, and relations, then tell them what you told them. Life? It may seem a bit elementary, but it ensures that the writing is coherent to the reader. Question 9. Explain the importance of the technique of descriptive writing and how it can be achieved, using the tools described in your textbook: sense impressions, spatial order, and dominant impression. Descriptive writing is a technique used to paint a picture for the reader. The writing is much more convincing for the reader if the substantive, reader feels as if he or she is there. The first tool is called sense impressions, and this utilizes the five senses (sight, taste, touch, sound and smell) to offer a more vivid image to the reader. An example of this technique is the theories, following sentence: The chocolate-chip cookies left the oven a golden brown as the sweet scent wafted through the room. The reader can picture the freshly-baked cookies and would you find, imagine how good they smell. Life? The second tool is pak afghan essay spatial order.

This provides the layout of what is taking place in the book. This can be accomplished from side to side, top to bottom, outside to inside. Knowing where the details are located adds coherence for the reader. Example: The bed sat in the middle of the bedroom, directly beneath the window. To the left, a dresser and chair were placed against the wall. Life Theories? To the right of the bed was a large closet. The last tool is Apple's Marketing Essay dominant impression, where the writer provides an life course theories, overall sense of what is equality going on through the use of detail. The family sat at the table, none of them speaking. Mother clenched the life course, napkin in her fingers while frowning at her son. This sentence gives an impression of a tense situation without actually saying it. Question 10. The writing topic assignment was a paragraph describing your morning routine, prior to arriving at school.

Your draft is returned, with the following comment: `good content, but too many unnecessary verb shifts.` Explain the process you would use to define equality analyze your paragraph and the revisions you would make to correct the verb shifts. Verb tense refers to whether the verb is being used, in its most basic form: past, present or future tense (there are several variations on these tenses). A verb shift occurs when a sentence contains verbs that refer to more than one tense. Life? In order to correct the unnecessary verb shifts, the first step would be to read over the paragraph and determine ones own understanding of what the relations essay, sentences are supposed to mean. The next step is to review each sentence aloud, taking note of the verbs used.

At this point, the course, writer has two options. The first is to decide if different tenses are truly taking place in each sentence; and if they are, fix the verbs so that they are representing the correct tense. Example, The term paper contains errors that ruined the pak afghan relations essay, meaning This sentence should be corrected so that ruined becomes ruined The other option is to change the life course theories, tense of define substantive equality, contains to contained. If it difficult to ascertain if the verbs are correct, revisions should be made so that each sentence only contains one verb tense, such as leaving all verbs in the simple past tense rather than writing some in the past perfect. Finally a writer has the option to rewrite a sentence completely so additional verbs arent needed.