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Biographical Stories of Swami Vivekananda | Master#8217;s Words. Sadhguru looks at a few incidents from Swami Vivekananda’s life, that illustrate why he has been such an inspiration for undergraduate introduction over a century. Swami Vivekananda was born Narendra Nath Datta to Vishwanath Datta and Bhuvaneshwari Devi, in Kolkata on 12th January, 1863. By the time he passed on at the Belur Mutt, on July 4, 1902, he had launched a revolution that still resonates around the world today. As a vehicle for his Guru’s message, he has been an inspiration for youth around the world for over a century. In this article, Sadhguru looks at a few incidents from Swami Vivekananda’s life, that illustrate his relationship with his Guru and the message he carried. After his enlightenment, many disciples gathered around Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. One of Ramakrishna’s disciples was Swami Vivekananda.

Vivekananda was the first yogi to go to the United States in 1893 for accountants the Parliament of the World#8217;s Religions in introduction, Chicago, after which he caused a spiritual wave. When people were very resistant to P-type ATPases anything new, he came and opened up the gates to some extent. Ramakrishna had a very different kind of undergraduate dissertation introduction attachment towards Vivekananda because he saw him as a means to take his message to the world. Of The Boston? By himself, Ramakrishna could not do it and so he saw Vivekananda as a vehicle. People around Ramakrishna did not understand why he was so mad about Vivekananda. If Vivekananda did not come to see him even for a day, Ramakrishna would go looking for him because he knew that this boy had the necessary perception to transmit. Vivekananda was equally mad about dissertation, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. He did not look for any employment, he did not do anything that people of his age are normally supposed to do. He just followed Ramakrishna all the time. There is central asian republic a very wonderful incident which occurred in Vivekananda’s life. Undergraduate? One day, his mother was very ill and on her deathbed.

Now it suddenly struck Vivekananda that there was no money in his hands and he was unable to significance provide her with the necessary medicine or food. Undergraduate? It made him very angry that he was unable to take care of his mother when she was really sick. When a man like Vivekananda gets angry, he gets really angry. He went to Ramakrishna – there was nowhere else to go, even if he got angry, that was where he went. He told Ramakrishna “All this nonsense, this spirituality, where is it getting me? If I was employed and had done the asian republic, things that I was supposed to do, today I could have taken care of my mother. I could have given her food, I could have given her medicine, I could have given her comfort. Where has this spirituality taken me?” Ramakrishna being a worshiper of dissertation introduction Kali, had a Kali shrine in his house. Characteristics Of Dark Romanticism? He said “Does your mother need medicine and food? Why don’t you go and ask the Mother for undergraduate dissertation introduction what you want?” It sounded like a good idea to Vivekananda and he went into regulatory the shrine.

After about an hour, he came out and Ramakrishna asked, “Did you ask the Mother for food, money and whatever else your mother needs?” Vivekananda replied, “No, I forgot.” Ramakrishna said, “Go back inside again and ask.” Vivekananda went into undergraduate introduction the shrine again and came back after four hours. Ramakrishna questioned him, “Did you ask the Mother?” Vivekananda said “No, I forgot.” Ramakrishna again said. Lowering Increasing Their Lifespan? “Go inside again and this time, don’t forget to ask.” Vivekananda went inside and after almost eight hours, he came out. Dissertation? Ramakrishna again asked him, “Did you ask the Mother?” Vivekananda said “No, I will not ask. I have no need to Lowering the drinking ask.” Ramakrishna replied “That’s good. If you had asked for anything in the shrine today, this would have been the undergraduate dissertation, last day between you and me. Asian? I would not have seen your face ever again, because an asking fool does not know what life is undergraduate about. An asking fool has not understood the P-type ATPases Essay, very fundamentals of life.” Prayerfulness is a certain quality. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction? If you become prayerful, if you become worshipful, it is a fantastic way to be. But if you are praying with an expectation that you will get something, then it is not going to work for you. When he was just 19 years of age, Vivekananda was a very logical, intellectual boy, and was full of fire.

He wanted proper answers for accountants everything. He came to undergraduate introduction Ramakrishna and of dark asked, “You are talking God, God all the time. Where is the proof? Show me the proof!” Ramakrishna was so simple. Undergraduate? He was not an educated man. Accountants Regulatory? He was a mystic, not a scholar. So he said, “I am the proof.” Vivekananda did not know what to say because this was just utterly crazy.

He was expecting some great intellectual explanation – “The proof of God is the seed sprouting and the planet spinning.” But Ramakrishna said, “I am the proof God exists.” “The way I am is the proof” – that is what Ramakrishna was saying. Vivekananda did not know what to dissertation say and formal equality he left. Three days later, he came back and asked, “Okay, can you show me God?” Ramakrishna asked, “Do you have the courage to undergraduate introduction see?” The brave boy said, “Yes” because this was tormenting him. So Ramakrishna just placed his foot on Vivekananda’s chest and Vivekananda went into accountants body a certain period of samadhi where he was beyond the limitations of the mind. Dissertation Introduction? He did not come out of it for almost 12 hours and when he did, he was never the same boy again.

He never asked another question in his life after that. Vivekananda gets Sharada’s blessings. Unless you are a devotee, life should not open for you, because if it opens for you, you will only characteristics of dark cause damage to yourself and everyone else. Knowledge in India was never ever handed over to a person who lacked devotion. There is a beautiful incident in Vivekananda’s life. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa had passed on and Vivekananda gathered a band of young people, travelling throughout India, trying to build the nation and change the face of the country. Then someone told him that the Parliament of Religions was happening in Chicago, United States.

They suggested he go there because no one was listening to him here. Nobody was! One young man running from undergraduate dissertation place to place, trying to talk about ATPases Essay example, big things which are not written in undergraduate introduction, the scripture – who is willing to listen? They said, “You go and shake them there. If you shake them there, everyone here will take note of you.” When he was about to leave for the West – the first time he was going to the United States to take the message of Ramakrishna – he went to accountants regulatory body Sharada, Ramakrishna’s wife, to seek her blessings. She was cooking when he came. Undergraduate? Sharada was humming a tune.

It was very common for Indian women, particularly when they were cooking, to sing. Not anymore because many people play the formal equality, iPad now, but earlier, one of the undergraduate, greatest things you could do was to cook well with utmost love and serve it to people. Central Asian Republic? It was the greatest satisfaction for them to see someone eating well. Cooking was such a joyful, elaborate process. Undergraduate? For a 20-30 minute meal, they would spend a minimum of significance massacre three to undergraduate introduction four hours on it and they would always be singing. At least my mother was singing all the time. When he came and said, “I want to go to the United States to take my master’s message to the whole world,” she did not respond. Then suddenly she said, “Naren, give me that knife.” Vivekananda handed over the knife to her and gave it to her in a particular way. Significance Of The Massacre? Then Sharada said, “You may go, you have all my blessings.” Then he asked, “Why did you wait so long and first of all, why did you ask for the knife? You have finished cutting the dissertation, vegetables.” She said, “I just wanted to see what you are after the master is formal equality gone. Now, the way you gave me the knife showed you are fit to introduction go, you are fit to carry the master’s message.” Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna’s message.

You can always see that most masters are not capable of body becoming famous by undergraduate dissertation themselves. They need one good disciple to carry the message because the master himself may not be very good with the formal equality, ways of the world. Today, everyone is talking about Ramakrishna Paramahansa. Dissertation Introduction? Ramakrishna was a very crystallized consciousness. A phenomenon. But at the same time, on the worldly level, he was totally uneducated. By himself, he would have been a lost, forgotten flower if Vivekananda had not come.

So many flowers bloom, but how many of them get recognized? Swami Vivekananda once said, “Kicking a football will take you closer to the Divine than any amount of P-type ATPases prayer.” It is true, because you cannot play football unless you are absolutely involved. There is no personal intention in this, just involvement. What you can do and what you cannot do is already set and you have been trained for dissertation many years. Now it is just a question of involvement, no intention. With prayer, after sometime you might be doing the prayer while you do so many other things – you could be doing whatever you want. In India, they made the significance boston massacre, prayers very complex – not just verbal, so that you have to involve yourself because they have seen all this “telling the prayer” business for thousands of introduction years. They know what people will do so they made the prayer so complex, a whole procedure that you have to remember and act out properly, otherwise it is sacrilege.

When that level of complexity is there, you cannot be doing something else during the prayer. So in that way a football game gets you into age: Increasing their Essay that level of undergraduate involvement where you cannot be doing something else at all. Accountants? Doing something else is undergraduate introduction totally absent and gone in of dark, you because you cannot do anything else, there is so much involvement in this. In a soccer game, you have to learn to introduction use your feet like a surgeon’s scalpel. This is a game which particularly demands a certain level of involvement because the limbs with which you handle the ball and the limbs with which you transport yourself at full speed are the same, and you have to accountants body avoid the ten other people who are trying to do everything that they can do with you. You have to dodge people, you have to undergraduate dissertation introduction take the ball, you have to formal equality be running at full speed; your feet must be as efficient as a surgeon’s scalpel because at dissertation, that speed, at that activity, to direct the accountants regulatory body, ball takes a phenomenal amount of skill. It takes a certain level of involvement where you are almost mindless. If you do something with total involvement, you will see, there is undergraduate introduction just action – the mind is somewhere else. So in Lowering age: their Lifespan Essay, a soccer game, the players reach that kind of a state very often because it is all in one thing. That is the dissertation introduction, reason why it grabs half the world when things are being played intensely. Romanticism? There is a certain kind of transcendence – it is not really a spiritual transcendence, but there is a certain going beyond one’s limitations which sets fire to everybody else.

Once, a certain social reformer went to Vivekananda and asked, “It is great that you also support women, what shall I do? I want to reform them. I want to support this.” Then Vivekananda said, “Hands off. Dissertation Introduction? You do not have to do anything about them; just leave them alone. Boston Massacre? They will do what they have to undergraduate dissertation do.” This is all that is needed. Lowering Lifespan? It is dissertation not that a man has to reform a woman. Formal Equality? If he just gives room, she will do what is necessary. VIVEKA means perception.

Joy of perception is VIVEKANANDA. Only what we perceive exists. -Sg#SwamiVivekananda #NationalYouthDay. #SwamiVivekananda has been a positive inspiration for youth of many generations. Dissertation? -Sg. When I was twelve or thirteen years of formal equality age, I happened to come across some literature in which Swami Vivekananda said, “Give me hundred truly dedicated people and dissertation I will change the Lowering their Essay, face of this country.” At that time it seems there were two hundred and thirty million people in this country, but he could not find a hundred truly dedicated people. I thought, “What a tragedy! A man like Vivekananda is a phenomenon. He does not happen every day. When he comes, we could not even give him a hundred people in this vast country.” To me, it seemed like a great tragedy for this culture and this country. One person had tremendous vision and because of dissertation one person#8217;s vision, so many things have happened. Characteristics Of Dark? Even today, in his name, so much is dissertation introduction happening for human wellbeing.

A lot has happened because of regulatory body his vision. All the others who lived at that time, where are they? But his vision is still working in some way. Much wellbeing has come because of it. If thousands of people had carried the same vision, much better things would have happened. One Gautama Buddha or one Vivekananda having vision is not sufficient. Only when a large section of the population has vision, really beautiful things will happen in society. Swami Vivekananda at Parliament of Religions from Wikipedia. Subscribe to receive Isha News weekly in undergraduate dissertation, your mailbox. 28 thoughts on “ Biographical Stories of Swami Vivekananda | Master#8217;s Words ” I still didnt get how he himself is the proof #8230; Even Swami vivekananda Didn#8217;t understand that. How can we understand that.

We may need to the drinking age: Increasing their Essay experience that than understanding#8230; it shows the larger consciousness #8230; ho do cells know how to multiply, how we humans begin from dissertation introduction a sperm and ova coming together and then turn into humans#8230; how the body kows how to breathe, how to carry neural responses #8230; everything in nature is a proof. Sadhguru can you place your foot on my chest so that I can go into central asian a certain period of introduction samadhi, where I would be beyond. the limitations of the mind? attend BSP. same as what vivekananda got ! It#8217;s not same. BSP is an of dark romanticism experience no doubt but it#8217;s not the same. Don#8217;t assume and undergraduate oversimplify things. It this seeking torment you every moment of your life then at some point you will become mature to handle going beyond. Of The Boston Massacre? Sadhguru doesn#8217;t need to place his foot. Introduction? He will blow you up where ever you are. Namaskaram Sadhguru are sea animals a threat, I don#8217;t know what did sea animals do to anybody because most of the nuclear reactors thrown in formal equality, water, what is it Sadhguru. This is a great article. I too have questioned the elaborate prayer process but now it is clear. I must involve myself completely.

Sadhguru, thank you for dissertation your devotion to improving the formal equality, world! great article had to read it few times to make sure I understood everything! Swami Vivekananda on women. I am sad that swami did not speak up against introduction, barberic sati custom in Bengal where in young and central asian republic old women were forced in to burning along dead husbands bodies . ofcourse she died. Bhava spandana program ! what actually happened to Swami Vivekananda when foot was placed on his chest ? he got drunk on life and beyond. Like many of us I knew some portions of the essence/gist of this article albeit in bits pieces!

After listening to undergraduate introduction Sadguru#8217;s audio clip and going diligently through the elaboration there after, I am confused with the interpretation that I derive; devotion and desire are two faces of the same coin how can one exist without other? When he gave the knife he held the sharp blade towards him and the grip side towards the lady. A kind of hidden test with dept in it. Bhava spandana program.please google it. Significance? Wonderful article guruji i am blessed with it..your every article lights up my soul.. Thank you so much.. an undergraduate dissertation my friends treasures always hidden in deep go inside yourself there in conciousness an your enternal vision will see lord Shiva seated there ask him you ll get all your answers.. If you believe in P-type Essay, him than believe In urself#8230;a guru can show you the direction..

An my sadguru is one of them#8230; :-) I love you #8230; I am on of your blessed.. Diciple i am really blessed That you have in my life one day I will come to meet you face to face..I am going alone for hatha yoga practice in Himalayas..bless me#8230; Paranam#8230;guruji. He didn#8217;t hesitate so he had complete trust in her.. and also what Om Vaikul said. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction? While the tone of the article is full of reverence, its a pity that factually incorrect statements and incidents are served. 1. Naren was put in trance by Thakur for only some time not for a day. And he had experienced Samadhi even before he met Thakur. 2. Swamiji didnt meet Sarada Devi before going to accountants regulatory west, he wrote a letter. The incident mentioned here never happened in his life.

3. Swamiji said if young men play football than studying Gita, they will be nearer to heaven. He ia misquoted here. Undergraduate Dissertation? Request the true admirers of Lowering the drinking age: Increasing Essay Swamiji to study the book Biography of Vivekananda by Eastern and Western Disciples. Undergraduate? Sadguru illustrates the essence of things through stories, as many other saints also did. Perhaps it would be better if Sadguru before telling the story, should tell his audience that its not a factual event that he is reporting, but using a construct, a story from his end, to bring out the example, essence of what he is trying to undergraduate dissertation introduction convey. I read the whole article word by word, but I really can#8217;t find the answer to my simple question that why people (particularly me) are so result oriented. Why is that we bother more about the outcomes instead of actions is it because of curiosity, fear or the process of Essay action.

Great persons lives forever in introduction, the hearts..their great messages spreads globally..inspires the universe :-) Swami Vivekananda said his teachings can be summarised as #8220;Each soul is regulatory potentially divine. The goal is to manifest this divinity by controlling nature, external and internal. Do this either by work, or worship, or psychic control, or philosophy by one, or more, or all of dissertation these and be free. This is the whole of religion. ATPases? Doctrines, or dogmas, or rituals, or books, or temples, or forms, are but secondary details#8221; Swami Vivekananda summarised his teachings as: #8220;Each soul is potentially divine. The goal is to manifest this divinity by undergraduate dissertation introduction controlling nature, external and internal.

Do this either by characteristics of dark work, or worship, or psychic control, or philosophy by one, or more, or all of these and introduction be free. This is the P-type ATPases Essay example, whole of religion. Doctrines, or dogmas, or rituals, or books, or temples, or forms, are but secondary details.” I see your page needs some unique articles. Writing manually is time consuming, but there. is undergraduate introduction solution for this. Just search for: Masquro#8217;s strategies.

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How to Write an Exceptional New-Grad Nursing Resume. Writing a new-grad nursing resume is introduction, a daunting task for most new-grads. The fear of formal equality having no experience and being unqualified leaves many wondering what details to introduction, include. Moreover, many new-grads wonder how to structure their nursing resume in a way that best conveys their current skill-set and P-type ATPases, value to prospective employers. As former recruiters, we reviewed thousands of new-grad resumes. Undergraduate Introduction! In this blog post, we’ll draw on P-type Essay example that experience to provide a comprehensive guide to dissertation introduction, creating an amazing nursing resume for of dark, new-grads. How to Structure Your New-Grad Nursing Resume. How you structure your resume has an impact on its effectiveness.

Let’s first consider which headings to include on your resume. There are certain headings that every new-grad should include and other headings that will depend on whether or not you have any applicable details to include under those headings. Headings that every new-grad nursing resume should include (Required) Every new-grad resume should include the following headings (we’ll discuss why we recommend these headings and provide tips for undergraduate, each below): Summary Licenses and Certifications Education Clinical Rotations. Optional headings for your new-grad nursing resume. Each of the following headings should be considered and central, included based on whether or not you have relevant details to include:

Work History Affiliations Volunteer Activities Honors and dissertation, Awards Skills Summary Languages. Now let’s take a look at the ordering of the headings. Of course, your contact information should be at the top of your resume. As usual, you should place the Lowering age: their Summary as first heading on your resume. Next, include your Licenses and Certifications if you have already obtained them. However, if you have not already obtained them, then you may want to push this heading farther down the introduction list under your Clinical Rotations. Next, include your Education followed by your Clinical Rotations. You will undoubtedly find many who recommend that you place your Work History first.

Moreover, placing Work History before Education is the significance massacre conventional standard. Dissertation! As a result, it’s difficult for some to trust advice that recommends placing Education first. So, here’s our supporting argument… As a new-grad, you may not even have work experience. Characteristics Of Dark! If you do, it’s most likely that you don’t have applicable work experience and even if you do have applicable experience, it’s most certainly not Registered Nursing work experience.

You can’t obtain RN work experience without an RN license and you can’t get an RN license without first graduating from an accredited nursing program and dissertation introduction, passing the NCLEX. Moreover, your new-grad nursing resume should quickly convey that you are a new-grad. There is no point in trying to of dark, hide this fact. If employers are considering new-grads for an open position, then recruiters and hiring managers are going to be receptive to undergraduate, your situation. If they’re not considering new-grads for accountants regulatory, the opening and introduction, are instead requiring experience for the position, then they’re not going to be receptive to your situation. You’re not going to trick them by putting your CNA or EMT work experience ahead of accountants your education. In fact, doing this could make your resume even less effective as reviewers receptive to new-grads may never even get to your new-grad status before passing on the resume. Perhaps more importantly, our recommendation is based on what was desired by undergraduate introduction the hiring managers we worked with. You will find corroboration for this recommendation from reputable sources all over the internet.

For example, the sample new-grad resumes from California State University Chico and University of Texas San Antonio both have the headings listed in regulatory body the order we recommend. Additionally, UC Davis Medical Center requires Education, Senior Preceptorship and Clinical Rotations on the resumes of undergraduate dissertation all applicants to significance massacre, their nursing residency program. For further proof, let’s take a look at what a hiring manager had to say about new-grad resumes. Undergraduate! As the Director of ATPases Essay example Workforce Development for Orange County Memorial Care University and introduction, a Board Member of the P-type Essay example Association of California Nurse Leaders, Maria-Jean Caterinicchio, RN, MS said, “It (your resume) should state where you have done your clinicals and any certifications such as EKG and ACLS. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction! You can also include any conferences you have attended beyond the classroom.” Your Clinical Rotations and Education are key components of your new-grad resume!

That takes care of the 4 required headings. The 6 optional headings can be ranked as you see fit. Remember, you should only include these headings if you have substantial details to convey. And you may want to rank them in central asian republic order of strength as they relate to the job in introduction question. For example, if you have experience working as a CNA in a hospital setting, then your Work History should be given a higher ranking because it highly relates to the job you’re applying for. Specific Details to Include on Your New-grad Nursing Resume. You’ll undoubtedly come across many people who recommend that new-grads use an Objective instead of a Summary on their resumes.

The argument is that you really have nothing to Lowering the drinking age: their, summarize as a new-grad. However, we think that Objectives are an outdated resume heading that do nothing to advance your main objective of conveying why you’re the undergraduate dissertation right person for the job. Moreover, you can include an objective within a summary if you’re intent on having one. Here are three articles from major publications that support summaries over objectives: Now, you may have heard that recruiters spend 6 seconds reviewing your resume.

While we doubt that they really spend that little time reviewing each resume, we certainly believe that the time they spend is very limited. Therefore, your goal is to make sure your resume can be easily scanned, starting with your Summary. You do not want recruiters getting stuck on your Summary by writing a big paragraph. Instead, use bullet points and try to keep each point at 1 to 2 lines . As for what to include in your Summary…It’s a good idea to state that you’re a new-grad. Characteristics Of Dark! You might summarize your clinical rotations. You may point out any special skills that you have, like second languages or computer skills.

And, as mentioned previously, you may include an objective. We recommend listing each license and certification with the following information: Full name of the dissertation introduction license or certification. Characteristics Of Dark Romanticism! Full name of the issuing body of the license or certification. Undergraduate Dissertation! Expiration date of the license or certification if applicable. License or certification number if applicable. If your license is part of the Nursing Licensure Compact, then it should be indicated. Many nurses express privacy concerns over characteristics romanticism, including their license numbers. Your nursing license number is made public through the state licensing board.

It can easily be obtained using the undergraduate dissertation basic information you provide on the drinking age: Increasing their Lifespan Essay your resume. Undergraduate Dissertation! Adding it simply assists those recruiters and Essay example, hiring managers who need to look it up for verification as a result of hospital/employer policy. Education for dissertation introduction, Your New-Grad Nursing Resume. You should display all of your relevant college education. So if you attended 2 colleges to attain your degree, then you should include them both. Please do not include your high school education.

We recommend including the following information for each pertinent education institution you attended: Full official name of the education institution. City and Lowering age: Increasing their Essay, State Dates attended. Degree achieved. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction! GPA if it was good. There are several other details in addition to these that you may want to include regarding your education. We’ve had many new-grads inform us that in their area, employers were interested in knowing their HESI or ATI scores.

We recommend checking with your Nurse Educators or your school’s Career Guide to see what they recommend. You may also wish to include relevant coursework and boston massacre, corresponding grades if you got an undergraduate A. However, keep this brief and relevant to the job you’re applying for. The Drinking Their! Finally, you may wish to undergraduate dissertation, include any honors and awards you achieved if you would rather not place these items under their own heading. Clinical Rotations on Your New-Grad Nursing Resume. Clinical Rotations are an extremely important part of your new-grad nursing resume. As illustrated above, hiring managers indicate that they want to see these details. Major teaching universities require that they be included on resumes submitted for their residency programs. We consider them the Lowering the drinking their Lifespan crux of your new-grad resume. Undergraduate Introduction! At a minimum, you should include the following: Details to include about P-type ATPases Essay your clinical rotations.

Type of experience (Clinical Rotation, Senior Preceptorship, other). Start and end dates. Total number of hours worked. Name of the hospital or institution. City and dissertation introduction, State. Name of the unit/department (examples: Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Medical Surgical Unit (MS), Labor and Delivery Unit (LD)). One common mistake to avoid when listing the name of the unit is Lowering the drinking age: Increasing their, listing the undergraduate hospital specific unit name. For example, the formal equality hospital specific unit name might be 3-West, but nobody outside the hospital knows what that means.

Instead, list the type of unit it was as designated by the type of patients the unit took. In addition to undergraduate, the details above, we also recommend including the following information: Optional details to P-type ATPases Essay, include about your clinical rotations. Facility type: Every facility has a technical designation. For example, most hospitals are “Acute Care Hospitals”. Other designations include Long Term Care Facility, Long Term Acute Care Facility, Children’s Hospital, etc.

Listing the dissertation introduction facility type lets the reader know without a doubt what the setting was. Number of beds in the facility. List the facility’s trauma designation if applicable. If the facility was a teaching hospital, then include that information. Number of ATPases Essay beds on the unit you were assigned to. Trauma designation of the dissertation introduction unit you were assigned to if applicable. Age range of the patients the unit cared for if applicable. Nurse to patient ratio on the unit. Type of charting system used at the facility and name of any EMR/EHR you gained experience with. The grade you received if it was an ATPases Essay A.

As you may have noticed, many of the undergraduate dissertation details we recommend are technical details pertaining to the facility and unit. These details convey so much about the P-type ATPases Essay example setting you were in and the experiences you were exposed to with very few words. So including them provides the undergraduate dissertation reader with a ton of useful information. Asian Republic! Additionally, it demonstrates that you understand how import these details are to any healthcare organization, otherwise, you wouldn’t have listed them. Additional options for highlighting your clinical rotations. Finally, you may also wish to include specific details about the experience you gained while engaged with your clinical rotations.

For example, did you have any experiences that might make you a more attractive candidate to dissertation, the prospective employer? Did you learn anything specific about compassion for formal equality, patients, team work, the importance of learning and growth as a new-grad RN? If you did, then try to offer the specifics to illustrate exactly what happened. You may also be able to relate your clinical rotation experience to specific goals or problems of the employer you’re applying to. For example, maybe your research on dissertation the prospective employer turns up the romanticism fact that they’re seeking Magnet Status. If one of the undergraduate dissertation introduction facilities that you worked at during your rotations was seeking to achieve the same goal, then you may be able to find some way to relate your experience to it.

Or, perhaps the of the prospective employer is trying to improve their HCAHPS score and dissertation, one of the central asian facilities you worked at just achieved success with a similar endeavor. Undergraduate Introduction! There are limitless possibilities with this option. The main idea is to try and relate your experience during clinical rotations to a real problem or goal faced by formal equality the prospective employer. At this point, we’ve covered each of our recommended required headings. As you may have noticed, we’ve offered tons of undergraduate dissertation options.

So many that if you were to incorporate them all, then your resume would either be too crowded or too many pages. However, many of the details we offer are simply for your consideration. It’s not required to central republic, include them all. So pick and choose the ones that work best for you by dissertation researching the job in question and determining which details will be of most value to the prospective employer. Optional Details for Your New-grad Nursing Resume. As indicated above, each of the following headings are optional for your new-grad resume. You should decide whether or not to formal equality, use them based on whether or not you have applicable details to dissertation, provide for romanticism, them.

Let’s take a brief look at dissertation each of Lowering age: Lifespan Essay them. If you have work history, which most college students these days do, then you should probably include some reference to undergraduate dissertation introduction, it on your resume. Try your best to convey how the central asian republic experience relates to nursing. Undergraduate Dissertation! This will be a lot easier to accountants, do if the experience was healthcare related. Undergraduate! If all else fails, offer concrete examples of how you excelled at time management, team work, compassion, service, collaboration, or communication. One important issue to significance of the boston massacre, consider regarding work history is stability. Many college students work several jobs during their college career for any number of reasons. Too many short term stints may exhibit instability to prospective employers who are about to undergraduate introduction, devote a large amount of resources to you. Formal Equality! So you may want to explain short-term work stints or leave them off of undergraduate dissertation your resume. You should definitely use the Lowering age: Increasing Essay Affiliations heading if you are already a member of dissertation a professional organization related to nursing.

For example, if you’re a member of the American Association of Lowering the drinking Increasing Lifespan Critical Care Nurses, then prospective employers will want to know. You may also include relevant college organizations such as Sigma Theta Tau, or the Student Nurses Association. Introduction! Of course, if the only organizations you belong to central asian, are scholastic, then you may choose to undergraduate introduction, include them under your Education heading to save space. When listing your affiliations, consider including the following details: Full name of the central republic organization. Date joined. Your designation within the organization. Any special duties.

Organization conferences attended. Including Volunteer Activities is a great way to demonstrate compassion. You may have volunteered for charity or at a healthcare facility. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction! Consider including the central asian republic following details: Full name of the organization. Dates of engagement. Quantify the number of hours volunteered. Description of duties and results you achieved if applicable. Any awards or recognition you received. If you have received many honors and awards, then giving them a special place on your resume may be warranted. The other option is to mix them in throughout your resume where applicable.

Consider including the following details: Name or title of the award. Introduction! Date received. Characteristics Romanticism! Organization received from. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction! Significance of the award, or reason it was received. For most new-grads, a Skills Summary heading may not be warranted. Skills summaries are intended to convey proficiency with specific skills. As a new-grad, you most likely haven’t achieved proficiency with any aspect of nursing. However, if you have experience in a healthcare setting, then you may indeed be proficient with relevant skills. For example, you may be certified in phlebotomy or Crisis Prevention.

In any case, if you haven’t achieved proficiency, then you may be better served by listing skills as details under the formal equality heading that pertains to where the skills were practiced. Additionally, you might consider utilizing a Skills Checklist during your job search. Introduction! In case you’re not familiar, Skills Checklists are documents that allow healthcare professionals to self-assess their skills pertaining to a specific profession or specialty within a profession. They are commonly used by healthcare employers of significance of the all types to gauge their employees’ skill sets. BluePipes has over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that you can complete, save and download at dissertation your convenience. You can print them out and take them to job interviews in order to ATPases, easily convey your level of expertise with hundreds of skills. Again, as a new-grad, it’s not advised to utilize a checklist for dissertation, a nursing specialty like Intensive Care Unit because you most likely won’t have the required expertise. However, if you have experience as a CNA, Phlebotomist, or LPN, then you could use one of those checklists as a way to stand out Lowering the drinking age: Increasing their Lifespan Essay, from the crowd. These checklists are free to use on BluePipes.

So, join today to take advantage! A recent study by Wanted Analytics found that “bilingual” was the second most common skill listed on nursing job postings in the United States. If you speak multiple languages, then it’s definitely recommended that you include them under their own special heading! What Hiring Managers and Job Postings are Looking for in New-Grad RNs. It’s important to remember that experience, temperament, talents, and dissertation, convictions vary from of the boston person to person. While all new-grads may share certain commonalities, they are all unique in their own ways. Dissertation Introduction! Similarly, it’s fine for new-grad resumes to share certain commonalities, but each should be unique in of the boston it’s own way.

As you’ve seen, we have strong opinions on the structure of your resume and we provide many recommendations on various details to include. However, we’re not writing the resume for you. In fact, we strongly recommend against the boiler-plate phrases that have become so common as a result of online resume builders. So, when it comes to introduction, the meat of your resume, let the words of Lowering the drinking Increasing Lifespan hiring managers and job postings guide your efforts. In other words, find ways to relate your unique experiences to undergraduate introduction, what hiring managers and job postings are looking for.

And always strive to provide concrete examples as opposed to generalizations. Assuming that you’re applying for accountants body, a job through a job posting (as opposed to undergraduate dissertation, networking for a job), you should do your best to accountants body, optimize your resume for the Applicant Tracking System (ATS). Undergraduate Dissertation! We’ve covered how to do this in a previous blog post, so we won’t rehash it here. The bottom line is accountants body, that you want to naturally include the key buzzwords and phrases used in the job posting in your resume. This way, you’re ranked higher by the ATS. Of course, you’re probably wondering what hiring managers are looking for! We’ve provided some examples above, but below are some direct quotes we found from interviews posted online. These quotes validate what our own experience as recruiters taught us. “Knowing that new nurses are very green in undergraduate dissertation introduction regards to their technical skills, we look to whether a nurse is really ready to step into the profession. Significance Boston! We are looking for those who are really interested in making life better for undergraduate dissertation, people who are suffering.” Kimberly Horton, MSN, RN, FNP, DHA, Vice President and Chief Nursing Officer at central Mercy Hospital and introduction, Mercy Southwest Hospital in Bakersfield, California. “We expect our new nurse graduates to have the basic fundamental nursing knowledge and we are also looking for compassion, a sense of teamwork, accountability and communication.

We look for an attitude of formal equality collaboration and communication.” Maria-Jean Caterinicchio, RN, MS, Director of Workforce Development for undergraduate introduction, Orange County Memorial Care University and Board Member of the Association of California Nurse Leaders (ACNL) Always side on patient safety first. Be open to feedback. Use your resources, such as more experienced nurses, physicians and other members of central asian republic your team. This will also help you build a support system. Always ask questions when you are unsure or don’t know something. Discuss your feelings and/or concerns with your unit leadership.

From the first day on the job, be a team player. Undergraduate! Greg Kingsley, RN, New Grad Nurse Recruiter, Emory Healthcare. With all of formal equality this in mind, it’s important to remember that there is no one correct way to create your resume. We certainly hope this guide provides an idea of best practices as well as an idea of what you shouldn’t do. Perhaps most importantly, it’s important to remember that your resume is undergraduate dissertation, just one facet of Lowering the drinking Increasing Lifespan your job search.

And while your resume is important, the single most important thing you can do to land that first job, or any job for that matter, is NETWORK! Estimates indicate 70% to dissertation introduction, 80% of all jobs are filled through networking. P-type ATPases! And it’s always best to operate with the “80-20 rule” in mind. Dissertation! In other words, make sure that you’re focusing on networking as your main job-search activity because it’s most often the formal equality determining factor in success. That’s why we created BluePipes in the first place…to give healthcare professionals a professional networking platform capable of providing unique career management tools designed to help them solve their unique career challenges. Join today, it’s free and easy! 5 Things that New Grad RNs and Experienced RNs Should Know About the Job Market A New Grad RN recently shared their frustration with us. How to Write an Effective Nursing Resume Summary Writing an undergraduate effective nursing resume summary is easier said than. Asian! 8 Things Every Nurse Ought to Know About Online Nursing Job Applications Applying online is the norm for nursing jobs. We provide. So my situation is a little different.

I’ve been a Dental Assistant most of undergraduate dissertation introduction my life and decided to change careers. I have now achieved my RN. But it took me a lot longer than a traditional ADN program is supposed to take. I had an “issue” at the first school I started the formal equality nursing program at and ended up needing to undergraduate introduction, find another school to complete the program. Asian Republic! Is this something I should include in my resume (as I see it as a negative thing) or how do I incorporate it to undergraduate dissertation introduction, benefit my appearance?

I don’t want to leave out formal equality, info that can hurt me but I’m wondering if the info can hurt me if included. I agree with Kyle. List out your clinicals. Add a targeted bullet point under each one that relates to the job you are applying for. Learn about dissertation introduction ATS. Significance Boston! Read the job posting.

What words are on there most? What qualifications MUST you have? What qualifications do they PREFER? All the ones you have – write them down. Yes, use their words. Also read their mission and values.

Look through their website. Encorporate their values with yours. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction! A great place to Lowering age: Increasing Essay, do this is in your cover letter. What do you recommend to someone like me whose 19 years old. Has no work experience, this is my first career.. my resume would be completely blank pretty much. I know you said don’t include high school education.. buts that’s pretty much the only thing I’ve “accomplished” so far, I was an honor student, GPA 3.9, Received an dissertation introduction award for academic excellence all 4 years, advanced diploma. And currently my GPA is 3.5, I haven’t graduated yet but will in OCT, 2016 with my associates degree in nursing.

I’m applying to a new graduate residency program now, that will start in February. Please HELP! #128577; how can I make my resume better? Thanks for the inquiry Glenda. Significance Boston! Most of the applicants to new graduate residency programs have similar circumstances. To make your resume stand out, be sure to include the details described above regarding your various experiences including clinical rotations and education. Undergraduate Introduction! You’re welcome to include your high school education. However, chances are it will not be considered. Just remember that most candidates are going to accountants body, be in the same boat, so making sure you provide all the details hospitals like to see (as described above) will help you stand out.

I hope this helps! Great article! Finally people are talking about New Graduate Registered Nurses and the job search!! The Struggle is VERY real for new, old, reentry, and RN’s seeking a new specialty! Especially in oversaturated markets like California. I invite anybody who is seeking a job to dissertation, join our Facebook Group RNInterview Tools.

All are invited to share what worked for them, post questions, and seek support from others who understand. Members are landing job offers all over and we could not be more thrilled. I definitely shared this article and have shared others from formal equality Blue Pipes in the past. Thank you for assisting all of us Nurses in undergraduate dissertation introduction our quest. Glad to hear the article is useful and thanks for sharing, Melissa! Help! I just graduated in May 2016 and P-type ATPases example, got hired as an RN in a hospital.

Unfortunately, I resigned after a month as I felt so overwhelmed in the unit I was assigned to. Should I include that one month experience in my resume? Thanks for sharing, Aleli and sorry to hear about the difficulties. This is a tough situation. Undergraduate Introduction! I believe most career consultants would recommend leaving the job off of your resume. This is because you’ll most certainly be required to explain the short duration in any interview. Formal Equality! Moreover, the duration was so short that many employers wouldn’t even require an explanation for the gap in employment. That said, you may want to introduction, consider the instructions on job applications. Some hospitals have very stringent rules for entering work history on their applications.

For example, they might require every employer for significance boston, the past 7 years to be entered on the application regardless of duration and dissertation introduction, also require applicants to provide an explanation of P-type ATPases example any gaps in undergraduate introduction employment of greater than 1 month. There will be a signing statement in the application indicating you attest the information is accurate and asian republic, complete. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction! If they find out you left the job off the application, it could result in a rescinded job offer. Although the chances of this happening are slim. I hope this information helps! Nursing is my second career.

I taught elementary school before this. Should I include my education for that? Also, should I include teaching school in significance of the my work history? I taught for eight years in undergraduate dissertation the same school, so it’s a good example that I can hold a job long term. Thanks! Congratulations on your new career, Priscilla. Previous work history and education are both optional for your new-grad nursing resume.

In your case, I highly recommend including them both as they are both excellent experiences to display. However, be sure to keep them brief in order to ATPases Essay, highlight your nursing skills. I hope this helps! Hello, I was wondering how do I include my phlebotomy certification on my resume if it doesn’t have an expiration date? If you are formatting your own resume, you can simply add the license without expiration dates. However, I’m wondering if you’re using BluePipes to format your resume? Please let me know if so. Thanks!

Hi i’m just wondering do you have an example resume with all the information you have listed here for preview? thank you! My apologies, but we don’t have a sample. We’ll work on creating though. Thanks! How about information on building a new-grad RN Cover letter?

When listing previous certifications and licenses, should you list the undergraduate dissertation introduction initial date of obtainment or expiration/ renewal date? Also, regarding Applicant Tracking System, what is the rule regarding parenthesis ()? I ask because in my certifications I have ACLS, PALS, and a bunch of other alphabet soup acronyms. Should I use (ACLS) after Advanced Cardiac Life Support? Good questions! There are no steadfast rules, but we recommend listing the expiration dates. On our resume builder, licenses are listed with both the acronym and name. For example: ACLS – Advanced Cardiac Life Support.

That said, most resume parsers are quite advanced these days, so they should be able to contextualize what is meant by “(ACLS)”. However, as illustrated above, it’s not necessary to Lowering, use the parentheses if you don’t want to. I hope this helps! Help! I work in undergraduate dissertation a long term care nursing facility as an RN for central republic, about a year and half now.

This is my first nursing job and nursing is my second career. Undergraduate Dissertation! What can you suggest in writing my resume? Are my clinical rotations still relevant? Thanks. There isn’t a steadfast rule that applies to your question.

I think it’s fair to say that most recruiters and nursing career advisers would say that your clinical rotations shouldn’t be added to your resume after a year and a half of working in P-type Essay example an LYC facility. That said, you might still list it in undergraduate an effort to land a job in a new-grad training program.

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The Electoral College: Enlightened Democracy. Select a Section 1 /0. Toggle open close. The mode of appointment of the Chief Magistrate of the United States is almost the only part of the system . . . which has escaped without severe censure. Undergraduate Dissertation! . . . I venture somewhat further, and hesitate not to affirm that if the manner of it be not perfect, it is at least excellent. The United States is regulatory body, quickly approaching its first presidential election since the undergraduate introduction eventful election of 2000. The story of that election is still fresh in our memory. George W. Formal Equality! Bush won the presidency, but only after weeks of controversy in Florida. Undergraduate Introduction! His win made him the of the massacre first President in more than 100 years to undergraduate dissertation introduction, attain the White House despite a popular vote loss,2 and it led to renewed calls for abolition of America's unique presidential election system, colloquially referred to as the Electoral College.3. Some academics have criticized the Electoral College for years. It has been called an of the anachronism that thwarts democratic principles,4 constitutional stupidity,5or even a dangerous game with many built-in pitfalls that are bound to destroy us.6 In 1967, the American Bar Association blasted the system, calling it archaic, undemocratic, complex, ambiguous, indirect, and dangerous.7.

The negative views of today's academics are starkly at odds with the universal admiration for the system at the time it was created. Alexander Hamilton, for instance, publicly deemed the Electoral College excellent.8 Other delegates at undergraduate dissertation introduction, the Constitutional Convention agreed with him: They viewed the Electoral College as one of the P-type ATPases example new Constitution's great achievements. Today's unenthusiastic views would almost certainly surprise these early patriots. The Constitution's Election Process. Modern-day American presidential elections are governed by the 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution,9 which was adopted and ratified by the states in 1804. The 12th Amendment modified the Constitution's original Article II election procedure to dissertation, provide for Lowering age: Lifespan Essay the current system of one-ticket voting for the President and Vice President.10. It is perhaps easiest to undergraduate dissertation, think of the current election procedure in two phases: first, the Electoral College vote, and second, the contingent election procedure, which is used only if no candidate wins a majority of electoral votes. The Electoral College Vote. Regulatory Body! The Constitution provides for undergraduate dissertation a presidential election among the accountants body states, rather than among individuals. In this election, each state is granted a certain number of representatives, called electors, to cast votes on its behalf.11 This national vote among the dissertation states is often referred to as the vote of the regulatory Electoral College.

States are allocated one elector for each of their representatives in Congress.12 Each state therefore automatically receives a minimum of introduction three votes, as it is entitled to at least two Senators and one Congressman, regardless of population.13 Adoption of the 23rd Amendment in central, 1961 provided the District of Columbia with at least three electoral votes, as if it were a state.14 There are currently 538 total electors. Following the 2000 census, California has the most electors (55), while seven states plus the District of Columbia have the minimum number of electors (3).15. State legislatures decide how to appoint electors for this national election,16 and it is generally agreed that the legislatures may appoint electors in any manner that they choose.17 Each state except Maine and Nebraska currently uses a winner-take-all system, whereby the presidential candidate winning the state's popular vote is awarded the state's entire slate of electors. Maine and Nebraska each give two electoral votes to the winner of the state's popular vote and select the remaining electors by congressional district.18. The Electoral Count Act of 1887,19 as updated through the years, currently provides an election timeline: Election Day is the Tuesday following the first Monday in dissertation introduction, November in any given presidential election year.20 Each state certifies a slate of electors based upon Lowering the drinking age: their Lifespan Essay the outcome of its popular vote. These electors assemble in their state on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December.21 On this day, the dissertation introduction electors cast the votes that officially determine who will be the next President of the age: their United States. Congress meets in joint session to count these votes on the following January 6.22. To be elected President, a candidate needs a majority of these states' electoral votes, which are cast in December. Introduction! He does not need a majority of the direct popular vote cast on Election Day.23 At this time, 270 votes constitute a majority of the formal equality Electoral College and will win the dissertation introduction presidency for a candidate.24. The Contingent Election.

If no candidate wins a majority of the Electoral College vote, the Constitution provides a backup method for presidential selection. Asian Republic! This procedure is often referred to as the Constitution's contingent election procedure. In this secondary election, the House selects a President and introduction the Senate selects a Vice President.25. In the House vote for President, each state delegation is granted one vote.26 If a state's delegation is evenly divided, that state cannot vote until and unless the formal equality tie is broken. A President is elected when one candidate wins a majority of the votes of state delegations (currently 26). State delegations may vote for any one of the top three presidential candidates in introduction, the electoral vote, and re-votes are taken until a majority is achieved.

A similar procedure is employed for election of the Vice President, except that each Senator is granted one vote and only the top two vice presidential candidates from the accountants electoral vote are candidates in the Senate vote. The Founders spent months of undergraduate dissertation extensive deliberation on the topic of presidential election: They deemed it one of the most difficult issues facing the Convention. When the Electoral College proposal was completed, they viewed it as a unique and commendable solution that would satisfy the many -- apparently contradictory -- goals of the new republic. Origins of the Electoral College. Contrary to modern perceptions, the founding generation did not intend to create a direct democracy. To the contrary, the Founders deliberately created a republic -- or, arguably, a republican democracy -- that would incorporate a spirit of compromise and deliberation into decision-making.

Such a form of government, the Founders believed, would allow them to achieve two potentially conflicting objectives: avoiding the tyranny of the majority inherent in pure democratic systems, while allowing the sense of the people to be reflected in the new American government.27 Moreover, a republican government, organized on federalist principles, would allow the delegates to achieve the most difficult of their tasks: enabling large and small sovereign states to characteristics romanticism, live peacefully alongside each other. The authors of the Constitution had studied the history of many failed democratic systems, and they strove to create a different form of government. Undergraduate Dissertation! Indeed, James Madison, delegate from Virginia, argued that unfettered majorities such as those found in pure democracies tend toward tyranny.Madison stated it this way: [In a pure democracy], [a] common passion or interest will, in almost every case, be felt by a majority of the whole; a communication and concert results from the Lowering Lifespan Essay form of government itself; and undergraduate introduction there is nothing to age: Increasing their, check the undergraduate dissertation introduction inducements to sacrifice the weaker party or an obnoxious individual. Hence it is that such democracies have ever been spectacles of significance of the massacre turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of introduction property; and have in general been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths.28. Alexander Hamilton agreed that [t]he ancient democracies, in regulatory body, which the people themselves deliberated, never possessed one feature of introduction good government. Republic! Their very character was tyranny; their figure, deformity.29 Other early Americans concurred. John Adams, who signed the Declaration of Independence and later became President, declared, [D]emocracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself.

There never was a democracy yet that did not commit suicide.30 Another signatory to undergraduate dissertation, the Declaration of Independence, Benjamin Rush, stated, A simple democracy . . . is one of the greatest of evils.31. Despite these strong statements against democracy, the Founders were also strong advocates for self-government, and they often spoke of the need to allow the characteristics of dark romanticism will of the people to operate in the new government that they were crafting. Notwithstanding the oppressions injustice experienced among us from democracy, Virginia delegate George Mason declared, the undergraduate introduction genius of the people must be consulted.32 James Madison agreed, speaking of the honorable determination which animates every votary of freedom to rest all our political experiments on the capacity of mankind for asian republic self-government.33. The delegates, then, faced a dilemma. Dissertation! Their fierce opposition to formal equality, simple democracy ran headlong into their determination to allow the people to govern themselves -- and they knew that voters in small states would need to be free to govern themselves, just as would citizens in large states.

The Founders reconciled these seemingly conflicting needs by creating a republican government, organized on federalist principles, in which minorities would be given many opportunities to make themselves heard. The Electoral College was considered to fit perfectly within this republican, federalist government that had been created. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction! The system would allow majorities to rule, but only while they were reasonable, broad-based, and not tyrannical. The election process was seen as a clever solution to regulatory, the seemingly unsolvable problem facing the Convention -- finding a fair method of selecting the undergraduate introduction Executive for a nation composed of both large and small states that have ceded some, but not all, of their sovereignty to a central government. `[T]he genius of the present [Electoral College] system,' a 1970 Senate report concluded, `is the genius of a popular democracy organized on the federal principle.'34. 21st Century America. Much has changed since 1787. The Founders could not have foreseen the rapid technological advancements, massive federal bureaucracy, and increasingly populist attitudes that characterize American life today. Could it be that the Electoral College, although once an ingenious solution to many 18th century problems, has today become merely an significance boston anachronism -- and a potentially dangerous one at that?

The Electoral College undoubtedly operates in introduction, a different society from the one that existed in 1787. Yet the P-type Essay example Electoral College has shown an amazing ability to adapt to modern-day America. It may sometimes operate differently than expected, but it still serves the political goals it was intended to serve. In truth, its operation in modern times may be even more valuable. The Benefits of Federalism. Critics of the Electoral College allege that the country's presidential election process does more to trample the rights of individuals than to undergraduate dissertation, protect federalism. In this context, they often cite the accountants regulatory winner-take-all method employed by most states, claiming that it causes the votes of dissertation some individuals to be wasted.35 As this argument goes, a Texan who voted for Al Gore in the 2000 election wasted his vote because George W. Bush was awarded the state's entire slate of electors under the winner-take-all method.

Gore did not win so much as one electoral vote from Texas, despite winning nearly 2.5 million of that state's popular votes during the election. 36 In a direct popular election, critics note, these votes would not have been wasted -- they could have instead been included in the final national tally for Gore. Such arguments, however, are a bit disingenuous. These votes were not wasted. They were simply cast on the losing side of a popular vote within the state. If the 2000 election had been conducted based on nationwide popular vote totals only, would people claim that any vote for George W. Bush was wasted because Al Gore won the popular vote? Of course not.

The votes for Bush were cast in an effort to win. In the event of a loss, they would simply have been votes for the losing candidate -- just as in republic, any other election (such as an election for undergraduate introduction Governor or Senator). The primary effect of America's federalist presidential election process is to protect the ATPases Essay example freedom of introduction individuals -- particularly those in small states and sparsely populated areas. Perhaps the formal equality best method of undergraduate introduction demonstrating the benefits of federalism is to expose the evils suffered without it. As the system stands today, presidential candidates have no incentive to of the massacre, poll large margins in dissertation, any one state.

Winning 50.1 percent of the votes in a state is as effective as winning 100 percent of the votes. Presidential candidates therefore tour the nation, campaigning in all states and seeking to characteristics of dark, build a national coalition that will enable them to win a majority of dissertation states' electoral votes.37 Direct popular elections, by central asian contrast, would present different incentives. Suddenly, winning 100 percent of the votes is better than winning 50.1 percent of the undergraduate dissertation votes. In fact, it may be easier to rack up votes in a friendly state than to body, gain 50.1 percent of votes in each of two states of undergraduate dissertation similar size, although the payoff would be essentially the significance boston massacre same. The result? Democrats would almost certainly spend most of their time in the large population centers in California and New York. Republicans would campaign in the South and Midwest. Large cities would be focused on almost exclusively as the candidates seek to undergraduate, turn out as many votes as possible in their region of the central asian republic country. Undergraduate Dissertation! Small states, rural areas, and sparsely populated regions would find themselves with little to no voice in presidential selection. Romanticism! In this scenario, a handful of states (or heavily populated cities) win, while the dissertation remaining states and less-populated areas suffer significantly.38.

Many critics dispute this description of the two types of elections. They contend that the current system does not encourage presidential candidates to of dark, tour the nation, but instead encourages a focus on mid-sized swing states. Safe states and small states, they allege, do not receive nearly as much attention on this national tour. There is an element of truth in this observation. Yet to undergraduate introduction, the degree that safe states do not receive a proportionate amount of attention during campaigns, the logical conclusion is that those states, by and large, must already feel that one of the two presidential candidates represents their interests fairly well. When a candidate ceases to adequately understand and of the boston massacre represent one of his state's interests, the discontent in that state is usually expressed pretty quickly. Consider the situation in West Virginia in recent decades. Democrats considered West Virginia a safe state for years; thus, the state probably saw less post-nomination campaign activity from 1960-2000 than it might have otherwise. Dissertation! However, in 2000, the Bush campaign recognized an opportunity to gain a foothold in the state due to concern about the impact of formal equality Gore's environmental policies on the coal-mining industry and dissertation his support for gun control.39 Bush took advantage of this discontent, and he spent more than $2 million communicating his message to West Virginia's voters.40 When election results were tallied, Bush became the of the boston first Republican since 1928 to win an open race for dissertation the presidency in Essay, West Virginia.41 In 2004, West Virginia is no longer considered a safe state for undergraduate introduction Democrats.

A second argument made by critics is similarly flawed. Although the winner-take-all system causes large states (especially large swing states) to elicit more attention than small states, these critics erroneously compare the regulatory amount of campaigning in small versus large states under the current system. They should instead compare the treatment of undergraduate dissertation introduction small states under the current system against Lowering the drinking age: Essay, the treatment they would receive under a new one. Today, small states undoubtedly receive less attention than large states (unless, of course, the large state is considered a safe state). However, a direct vote system would magnify, not improve, this problem because it would encourage a focus on highly populated areas.

Small states would likely never receive as much attention as their larger neighbors. The goal is not to eliminate this disparity, but to minimize its severity. Under the Electoral College system, the states are as evenly represented as possible, given that they are not all the same size. One interesting twist to the arguments raised by Electoral College critics focuses on the reality that even if small states benefit from the Electoral College, they do so at the expense of the individuals who reside in small states. Undergraduate Introduction! This complaint can be confusing because it sounds like the opposite of another complaint -- that the two vote add-on for body small states (giving all a guaranteed minimum of three electoral votes) creates a bias in their favor. The two extra electoral votes given to all states, regardless of population, do create an advantage for those states. As a statistical matter, however, the advantage plays in favor of the undergraduate dissertation state as a whole, rather than the individual voter. Characteristics Of Dark! By contrast, the mathematical advantage granted by dissertation the winner-take-all system plays in favor of Lowering age: Increasing their Lifespan individual voters in the larger states. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction! These voters have a statistically higher probability of materially affecting the outcome of the election.42.

As a purely statistical matter, perhaps this assessment is accurate. However, the odds of any one voter providing the tipping point in an election are still exceedingly small. Further, any individual disadvantage for those who reside in small states is outweighed by the larger advantage given to the state as a whole. In sum, the nation conducts democratic, popular elections -- but they are conducted at the state level, rather than the national level. ATPases Essay! Professor Charles R. Kesler of Claremont McKenna College explains: In truth, the issue is democracy with federalism (the Electoral College) versus democracy without federalism (a national popular vote). Either is democratic. Undergraduate Dissertation! Only the Electoral College preserves federalism, moderates ideological differences, and promotes national consensus in our choice of a chief executive.43. Moderation and Compromise . Presidential candidates must build a national base among the states before they can be elected. They cannot target any one interest group or regional minority. Instead, they must achieve a consensus among enough groups, spread out over many states, to create a broad-based following among the voters. Any other course of action will prevent a candidate from gaining the strong base needed to formal equality, win the election.

The necessity of building such a national base has led to moderation and a strong two-party system in American politics. Some see this trend toward moderation and a two-party system as a liability. They argue that certain points of undergraduate introduction view on the far left or far right do not have representation. Some voters do identify with a third party more than they identify with one of the central two major parties. Democratic theories try to satisfy the introduction choices of all voters, but not to significance, the point of undergraduate destabilizing democratic majorities and democratic government itself. Formal Equality! A system that favors a stable two-party system, but allows minority parties to vie for control, has a definite benefit over undergraduate dissertation introduction, a system that favors many minority parties: Hand in republic, hand with the Electoral College, it tends to prevent the dissertation introduction rise to power of formal equality extremist groups and radical minorities. Instead, American public policy tends to remain in the middle -- not too far left, not too far right.

Some proponents of introduction a direct election system dispute this analysis. Removing the Electoral College, they argue, would not undermine the two-party system.44 However, these proponents make the mistake of assuming that they can change one factor while leaving all other dynamics unchanged.45 Predictions of what would happen in a direct election system should assume that it is at least possible that changing the election procedure will cause more than one aspect of the romanticism political process to change. Undergraduate Dissertation! Indeed, one has only to look to history or comparative governments to see how easily such a system could disintegrate into characteristics of dark, multi-candidate races, which would, in turn, devolve into a system of regular runoffs or fractious coalition governments. Consider the election of undergraduate dissertation introduction 1992. Significance Of The! One of the primary factors that prevented some people from voting for Perot was that they felt their vote would be wasted. A vote for Ross Perot is a vote for dissertation Bill Clinton, voters were told. Now imagine the 1992 election without an Electoral College.

Suddenly, the incentives change. Clinton no longer has to P-type, be beaten; he just needs to be held under some pre-determined percentage (40% in most proposals for undergraduate dissertation introduction change). To get in the runoff, Perot voters do not need to win; they simply need to overtake George H.W. Bush. A vote for characteristics Perot is no longer wasted. The Reform Party has a specific, achievable goal with which to motivate its supporters. In the actual 1992 election -- even with all the disincentives inherent in the Electoral College system -- Perot received 18.9 percent of the popular vote. Bush received 37.4 percent of the vote, and Clinton received 43.0 percent.

Had this election been a direct popular election, it would have been only three percent away from undergraduate dissertation introduction triggering a runoff. With such incentives, would not Perot supporters have had a much easier time getting voters to switch their candidate? Once one runoff has been triggered, why would multiple third parties not jump into Essay example, the race in future elections? As such a situation became the norm, more and more candidates would be motivated to enter presidential contests. Support from a smaller and smaller percentage of the population would be needed to undergraduate, qualify for the runoff. Over time, candidates would become more and more extreme and uncompromising. Professor Judith Best explains this dynamic:

[T]he splintering of the vote works against the moderate candidates and works to the advantage of the immoderate, extreme candidates. Formal Equality! It does this because the middle is introduction, where the asian inclusive coalitions can be built. By undermining coalition building prior to the general election, a runoff fragments the middle, not the extremes; the extremes are rarely fragmented -- fanatics have solidarity.46. Direct popular election proponents sound plausible when they argue for election of the President by dissertation a majority of the people. Of Dark! In reality, however, a President elected by undergraduate dissertation the majority of accountants regulatory body citizens will rarely be achievable. A majority, after all, will never agree on an ideal candidate.

Given an open choice, individuals would fracture their votes across many candidates. Runoffs would proliferate, and Presidents would essentially be elected by the initial 20 or 25 percent of voters who got them into the runoff. Presidents would always know that at undergraduate introduction, least 75 to 80 percent of the people originally voted for someone else. Given the general inability to obtain majority consensus, the Electoral College provides the country with the next best alternative. Electing Presidents by states' votes, rather than individuals' votes, creates a method of electing a President who is a good compromise candidate for the majority of Americans.47 The Electoral College requires moderation, compromise, and central asian coalition building from any candidate before he can be successful. Direct elections and a system of runoffs discourage such behavior. Stability and Certainty in Elections. Historically, most elections have not been close in dissertation introduction, the Electoral College, even when the popular vote is close. The Electoral College system, when combined with the asian republic winner-take-all rule, tends to magnify the margin of victory, giving the victor a certain and demonstrable election outcome.48 The magnification of the electoral vote can work to solidify the country behind the new President by bestowing an aura of legitimacy. The election of 1960 was one such close election. John Kennedy won only 49.7 percent of the undergraduate dissertation introduction popular vote, compared to Nixon's 49.5 percent.

However, Kennedy won 56.4 percent of the electoral vote, compared to Nixon's 40.8 percent. Eight years later, this magnification effect worked in favor of Nixon. Although he won the popular vote by less than one percent, he won 55.9 percent of the electoral vote to Hubert Humphrey's 35.5 percent. This magnification effect increases dramatically as popular vote totals spread apart. Characteristics Of Dark Romanticism! For instance, in 1952, the winning candidate won 55.1 percent of the popular vote, but a much larger 83.2 percent of the Electoral College vote. In 1956, the difference was 57.4 percent (popular vote) to 86.1 percent (electoral vote). In 1964, it was 61.1 percent (popular vote) to dissertation introduction, 90.3 percent (electoral vote). Presidential elections since 1804 have generally seen wide margins of of the boston victory in the Electoral College. These margins have gotten wider, on undergraduate dissertation introduction average, through the years as the winner-take-all rule has been adopted by more states and the two-party system has solidified. Since 1804, only of dark romanticism, two elections -- those in 1876 and dissertation 2000 -- were won by fewer than 20 electoral votes. Asian! Six elections were won by fewer than 50 electoral votes: Four of these were held in the 1800s.

Of the 26 elections held between 1900 and 2000, 17 Presidents have been elected after winning the electoral vote by a margin of undergraduate 200 votes or more. These consistently wide margins of victory in the Electoral College have come about significance of the despite the fact that the margin between the top two candidates in introduction, the popular vote was less than 10 percent in 14 of the 26 elections held since 1900. This margin exceeded 20 percent only five times since 1900. A direct popular election, by contrast, would not grant certainty nearly as often. Close popular votes, such as those discussed above, could easily result in demands for recounts on a national scale. America rarely has close electoral votes. It does, however, have close popular votes fairly consistently. Asian! Do Americans really want a presidential election system that could result in undergraduate, hotly contested recounts nearly every election? The Electoral College provides yet another benefit: It reduces the incidence of fraud and error. Obviously, no system can completely eliminate the element of accountants regulatory human error. Neither can any system eradicate the tendency of introduction some dishonest individuals to cheat.

An election system can, however, minimize the formal equality extent to which these factors affect elections.49 The Electoral College defends against fraudulent behavior and undergraduate human error in two ways: First, the system makes it difficult to predict where stolen votes will make a difference. Second, to the degree that fraud and errors do occur, the characteristics Electoral College makes it possible to isolate the problem to dissertation, one state or a handful of P-type example states. The country is given a clear set of problems to undergraduate, resolve one way or another before moving on to a definitive election outcome -- much as it knew in 2000 that the election would be certain once Florida's disputes were resolved.50. Today, both the electoral and the popular votes must be extremely close before voting disputes and P-type Essay example recounts are threatened. By contrast, a direct popular election would require only a close popular vote before these scenarios became possible. National recounts and legal challenges would be a constant possibility, particularly because of the increasing likelihood of multiple candidacies, lower individual vote totals, and undergraduate smaller margins among candidates. Moreover, a direct popular vote system would increase, rather than decrease, the characteristics of dark incentive for fraud.

Any stolen vote would have at least some effect, regardless of its location. Party officials and undergraduate dissertation supporters in states in which that party clearly dominates have the greatest ability to rig election rules and get away with cheating on behalf of their party's candidate. Of Dark Romanticism! Under the Electoral College system, however, they have the least incentive or need to cheat for their presidential candidate. Using a direct election system, dishonest officials in one-party states have both the undergraduate ability and incentive to cheat, creating potential resentment, suspicion, and hatred from other states and from the citizens of their own state. The Electoral College minimizes the impact of fraud, isolating it to the one or two states where the vote was close, disputed, and relevant to the Electoral College balance. Direct popular election is not the only alternative to ATPases Essay example, the Electoral College that has been proposed. Two other proposals are also worthy of discussion: (1) The District Plan would award electoral votes by congressional district, rather than by state; and (2) The Proportional Plan would divide states' electoral votes proportionally, according to the popular vote outcome within the state.

Individual legislatures are free to adopt most such plans now. It is telling that so few have done so. District Plan. The District Plan would award electoral votes based upon congressional district. The candidate with the most votes in any congressional district would win that district's one electoral vote. The two Senate add-on votes in each state would then be treated as at-large votes and awarded to the state's popular vote winner. Maine and dissertation Nebraska already operate under this system. Body! The proposal would require other states to join them. Neither Maine nor Nebraska has divided its electoral votes since their systems were first implemented, but with close presidential elections the odds increase that one or both states will do so. 51. Proponents of the dissertation introduction District Plan argue that the system preserves the small-state advantage, while allowing diversity within the states to be reflected in the national election totals.52 Moreover, they add, candidates would be encouraged to campaign in states previously considered safe.

Greater voter participation would result, they argue, because every voter would feel that his vote counts. Other Electoral College critics dismiss the District Plan, arguing that the plan fails to address the problem of the drinking age: Lifespan Essay a popular vote winner failing to win the presidency.53 Indeed, Bush's margin of victory in dissertation, the Electoral College would have been greater under the District Plan, despite his popular vote loss.54. The District Plan retains some of the advantages of the age: Essay current Electoral College arrangement. America's presidential election system should encourage national coalition building, and campaigning by districts would certainly work toward this goal.55 However, many of the other benefits envisioned by District Plan proponents are unlikely to introduction, come to pass. Greater voter participation is improbable, particularly in lopsided or safe congressional districts -- and most congressional districts are safe. Lowering Age: Increasing Their Essay! This so-called reform may actually have the opposite effect from what was intended in states that are close overall but have congressional districts that are not. Even worse, the primary incentive created by the District Plan is an increased motivation for gerrymandering.

State boundaries have one significant advantage over congressional district boundaries: They are reasonably permanent and cannot be changed by an incumbent class of officials.56. Another problem created by undergraduate dissertation introduction the District Plan is that it diverts attention from statewide and central asian national issues. Introduction! It discourages candidates from addressing issues that appeal to the state as a whole and might encourage candidates to visit district rich, high-population centers to asian republic, the exclusion of undergraduate introduction rural districts. Moreover, if a state votes in pieces, consequential issues would fall out formal equality, of the larger debate in favor of local grievances. Focusing on a few swing districts would repeat on a fragmented scale the undergraduate dissertation swing state problem. Candidates might visit only a few close districts and ignore areas considered safe.

Despite these arguments against the District Plan, the Essay current system allows a state to switch to undergraduate dissertation introduction, the District Plan if it decides that doing so would be beneficial within its borders -- and it may do so without the necessity of the drinking age: Increasing Lifespan passing a constitutional amendment. Moreover, the state can switch back to dissertation, a winner-take-all system if implementing the District Plan causes more problems than it solved (as it is republic, likely to do). Constitutional amendments are not completed -- or undone -- nearly as easily. Proportional Plan. Under the Proportional Plan, the dissertation Electoral College would be retained, but the accountants body electoral votes in each state would be allocated based upon dissertation the percentage of the popular vote won. ATPases Example! Some versions of this plan call for whole electoral votes to be divided in dissertation introduction, the interest of accuracy.57 Others also propose that the total number of electoral votes needed to win should be lowered to a 40 percent threshold.58. Proponents argue that the plan would preserve the states' Electoral College strength, but that the significance of the boston massacre results would be closer to the national popular vote outcome.59 They further argue that the voices of minority voting groups would be reflected in the final election tally because even ballots cast for third-party candidates could be reflected in the national results.

Presidents could be elected without winning the dissertation popular vote, but such an outcome would be less likely than under the current system. Other Electoral College opponents deem even the small remaining possibility of a popular vote loser President to be unacceptable.60. The Proportional Plan is yet another option that sounds good on the surface, but that creates problems in practice. First, constant fighting would erupt over election tallies. After all, a swing of one-tenth of a percent in significance, one or several states could change the undergraduate dissertation introduction outcome of the election. Potentially, at least one electoral vote in each of the 50 states would be open to dispute every presidential election year.61 Worse, because this type of the drinking age: Increasing their Lifespan Essay election is so similar to dissertation introduction, a direct popular election system, it contains many of the same downfalls: multiple candidacies, close elections, runoffs, greater potential for fraud, and greater incentives for extremist candidates to P-type Essay, join the fray.

Definitive election outcomes are discouraged. Close vote totals and challenges to undergraduate introduction, election outcomes would become the norm. Colorado, however, is currently considering adoption of this plan. The Drinking Increasing Lifespan Essay! A Colorado citizens' organization -- financed by a group from San Francisco and funded by a Brazilian millionaire who resides part-time in California62 -- recently collected enough signatures to dissertation, place a referendum on its November 2004 ballot.If passed, this referendum would supposedly replace Colorado's winner-take-all system of casting electoral votes with a system of proportional allocation, making Colorado the only state to enact such a method in accountants, presidential elections.63. The referendum, however, has a glaring flaw.

It purports to let Colorado voters decide the method of allocating the state's electoral votes, despite the fact that the introduction Constitution gives this power to state legislatures, not state citizens.64 For constitutional purposes, the difference is very real. If the referendum passes, the most likely result is boston massacre, a series of court challenges in Colorado. Proponents of the referendum argue that state statutory and constitutional provisions make the people equivalent to the legislature when they act through referendum or initiative. Undergraduate Dissertation! Therefore, they conclude, passage of a referendum or other citizen initiative is Lowering the drinking age: Essay, a perfectly legal and valid manner of changing electoral vote allocations in the state. These proponents, however, have forgotten the Supremacy Clause of the U. Undergraduate Introduction! S. Constitution: State laws and constitutions may not trump the Lowering Lifespan U.S. Dissertation Introduction! Constitution. Significance Massacre! The U.S. Constitution is the introduction supreme law of the land and preempts all other laws. That same Constitution explicitly designates each state's legislature as the entity with authority to decide the manner of appointing electors.

States (whether by referenda or other means) may certainly delegate legislative power to citizens for state purposes, but they may not delegate the state legislature's constitutionally mandated duties in Essay example, the national presidential election process. This principle has been upheld by the Supreme Court in venerable old cases and some very recent decisions after the last presidential election. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction! Speaking about an Ohio plan that would allow the republic people to undergraduate introduction, act in place of the legislature for certain purposes related to ratifying constitutional amendments, the Court observed in 1920 that the Founders wrote the formal equality constitutional language based upon their wish to introduction, secur[e] deliberation and consideration before any change [to the Constitution] can be proposed.65 In short, the Court held, when the Constitution says the Legislature, it means the Legislature. Central! The Court explained that: The framers of the Constitution might have adopted a different method.

Ratification might have been left to a vote of the people, or to some authority of government other than that selected. The language of the article is plain, and admits of no doubt in undergraduate introduction, its interpretation. It is not the function of courts or legislative bodies, national or state, to regulatory, alter the method which the Constitution has fixed.66. In even simpler terms, however, the Court also pointed out what almost any middle-school child should know: A Legislature is a representative body, not the people themselves. What did the framers of the Constitution mean in requiring [action] by dissertation introduction `Legislatures'? That was not a term of uncertain meaning when incorporated into the Constitution. What it meant when adopted it still means for the purpose of interpretation. A Legislature was then the representative body which made the laws of the people.67. This principle applies to the constitutional process for accountants regulatory body electing a President, just as it applies to the constitutional amendment process.68. State legislatures certainly may choose a proportional method of electoral vote allocation if they deem such a method to be in the best interest of their state.

However, if one state acting on its own (particularly a small state) were to introduction, enact a proportional method of allocating electoral votes, the primary effect of its action would be to significantly dilute its voting strength as compared to the other states because no presidential candidate will spend much time in a state in which he is likely to influence only one swing electoral vote. No wonder so few states have enacted anything like this before. Characteristics Of Dark! State legislatures will better serve their citizens if they leave the dissertation winner-take-all system in place. America's election systems have operated smoothly for more than 200 years because the asian Electoral College accomplishes its intended purposes. America's presidential election process preserves federalism, prevents chaos, grants definitive electoral outcomes, and prevents tyrannical or unreasonable rule. The Founding Fathers created a stable, well-planned and undergraduate dissertation introduction carefully designed system -- and it works. Past elections, even the elections of Presidents who lost the popular vote, are testaments to the ingenuity of the Founding Fathers. In each case, the victor was able to regulatory body, succeed only because his opponent did not build the national coalition that is required by undergraduate dissertation introduction the Electoral College.

In each case, smaller states were protected from their larger neighbors. In each case, the presidential election system functioned effectively to give the country a President with broad-based support. Alexander Hamilton was right when he described the Electoral College in The Federalist No. 68. Perhaps the accountants regulatory body Electoral College is imperfect -- but a perfect solution is doubtless unachievable. Nevertheless, the presidential election process devised by undergraduate introduction the Framers is certainly excellent. Tara Ross is a lawyer in Texas and the author of romanticism Enlightened Democracy: The Case for the Electoral College (World Ahead Publishing, November 2004). 1. The Federalist No.

68, at 410 (Alexander Hamilton) (Clinton Rossiter ed., Signet Classic 2003) (1961). 2. Prior to George W. Bush's win, the last President to win the undergraduate introduction electoral vote but lose the popular vote was Benjamin Harrison in 1888. 3. Central Asian! See, e.g. , Susan Milligan, The Electoral College: Move Is Afoot for Direct Vote , B. Globe, Nov. 12, 2000, at A21. 4. Ben Wildavsky, School of Hard Knocks , U.S. News World Rep., Nov.

20, 2000, at 52, 52. 5. J. M. Balkin, The Constitution as a Box of undergraduate Chocolates , 12 Const. Comment. Central Asian Republic! 147, 148 (1995). 6. James A. Dissertation Introduction! Michener, Presidential Lottery: The Reckless Gamble in Our Electoral System 3 (1969). 7. Commission on of the boston Electoral College Reform, American Bar Association, Electing the President 3-4 (1967). 8. The Federalist No. 68, at undergraduate dissertation, 410 (Alexander Hamilton) (Clinton Rossiter ed., Signet Classic 2003) (1961). 9. U.S.

Const. amend. XII. 11. Lowering Age: Increasing Essay! See id . art. II, § 1, cl. 2-4. 15. Undergraduate! See Federal Register, 2004 List of P-type ATPases States and Votes: Allocation of Electoral Votes Based on the 2000 Census , U.S. Nat'l Archives Records Admin., at allocation.html (last visited Oct. 2, 2004).

16. Undergraduate Dissertation! U.S. Const. art. II, § 1, cl. 2. 17. Although some early legislatures did select the presidential electors themselves, all states and the District of Columbia now hold popular elections for President. See, e.g. , Bush v. Gore, 531 U.S. 98, 104 (2000) (per curiam) (The individual citizen has no federal constitutional right to vote for electors for the President of the United States unless and until the state legislature chooses a statewide election as the means to implement its power to appoint members of the Electoral College. . Accountants Regulatory Body! . . [The state legislature] may, if it so chooses, select the electors itself.); see also McPherson v. Introduction! Blacker, 146 U.S. 1, 34-35 (1892).

18. Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 21-A, § 802 (West 1992); Neb. Rev. Stat. § 32-1038 (1998). 19. Act of Feb. 3, 1887, ch. 90, 24 Stat. Regulatory! 373 (current version at 3 U.S.C. §§ 1-21 (2000)). 20.

3 U.S.C. § 1 (2000). 23. See U.S. Const. amend XII. 24. See Federal Register, supra note 15, at 25. U.S. Const. amend XII. 27.

The Federalist No. 68, at 410 (Alexander Hamilton) (Clinton Rossiter ed., Signet Classic 2003) (1961). 28. The Federalist No. 10, at 76 (James Madison) (Clinton Rossiter ed., Signet Classic 2003) (1961). 29. 2 The Debates in the Several State Conventions, on the Adoption of the dissertation introduction Federal Constitution, as Recommended by formal equality the General Convention at Philadelphia, in 1787, at 253 (Jonathan Elliot ed., 2d ed.

1836). 30. Letter from John Adams to John Taylor (Apr. 15, 1814), in 6 The Works of undergraduate dissertation introduction John Adams, Second President of the United States 447, 484 (Charles Francis Adams ed., 2d prtg. Formal Equality! 1969). 31.

Letter from Benjamin Rush to John Adams (July 21, 1789), in undergraduate dissertation introduction, 1 Letters of Benjamin Rush 522, 523 (L. H. Butterfield ed., 1951). 32. James Madison, Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787, at 64 (Adrienne Koch ed., bicentennial ed., W.W. Norton Co.

1987) (1966). 33. Example! The Federalist No. 39, at 236 (James Madison) (Clinton Rossiter ed., Signet Classic 2003) (1961). 34. Senate Comm. on the Judiciary, 91st Cong., Direct Popular Election of the President (Comm. Print 1970) (Minority Views of Messrs. Eastland, McClellan, Ervin, Hruska, Fong, and dissertation Thurmond), available at (citation omitted).

35. See, e.g., Rethinking the Electoral College Debate: The Framers, Federalism, and One Person, One Vote, 114 Harv. L. Rev. 2526, 2532 n.31 (2001); see also Lawrence D. Accountants Body! Longley Neal R. Introduction! Peirce, The Electoral College Primer 2000, at 136 (1999). 36. All election results cited in this article were obtained from Congressional Quarterly's Presidential Elections or the U.S.

National Archives and Records Administration's Web site. See Congressional Quarterly Inc., Presidential Elections: 1789-1996 (1997); Federal Register, U.S. Electoral College, U.S. Nat'l Archives Records Admin., at (last visited Oct. P-type Essay Example! 2, 2004). 37. See, e.g., James MacGregor Burns, The Deadlock of Democracy: Four-Party Politics in undergraduate dissertation introduction, America 251 (1963), quoted in body, Judith Best, The Case Against Direct Election of the President: A Defense of the Electoral College 66 (1975). 38. See Ronald Reagan, Reagan, In His Own Hand 243 (Kiron K. Skinner et al. eds., 2001) (making a similar argument). 39.

E.g., Patrice Hill, W.Va. Miners Favor Bush Over Gore on Fossil Fuels, Wash. Times, Oct. Undergraduate Dissertation! 11, 2000, at A12; Chris Mondics, Gun Issue a Difficult One for Gore, Balt. Sun, Nov. 5, 2000, at 5C. 40. Electing the President, 2000: The Insiders' View 170 (Kathleen Hall Jamieson Paul Waldman eds., 2001) (quoting Bill Knapp, senior advisor to the Gore/Lieberman campaign). 41.

Id. at 204(quoting Karl Rove). 42. Longley Peirce, supra note 35, at 153-54. 43. Kathryn Jean Lopez, Hillary Is Wrong: An Interview with Charles R. Kesler, Nat'l Rev. Online (Nov. 13, 2000), at 44. See, e.g., Neal R. Characteristics Of Dark! Peirce Lawrence D. Longley, The People's President: The Electoral College in American History and the Direct Vote Alternative 211-12 (rev. ed., Yale Univ. Press 1981) (1968).

Longley and Peirce contend instead that the two national parties are in decline due to the advances made in mass communication in undergraduate dissertation introduction, recent years. Id. 45. See, e.g., Judith A. Best, The Choice of the People? Debating the formal equality Electoral College 55 (1996); see also Robert M. Hardaway, The Electoral College and the Constitution: The Case for Preserving Federalism 21 (1994) (What the advocates of direct election fail to take into account, however, is that these consistently large pluralities and majorities are the undergraduate introduction result of the very Electoral College system they are seeking to destroy.). 46. Best, supra note 45, at central asian republic, 57. 48. For a discussion of the discrepancy that typically exists between popular vote totals and dissertation introduction Electoral College vote totals, see id. at 9-15; Hardaway, supra note 45, at Lowering the drinking Increasing Lifespan Essay, 125-28.

49. See, e.g., Best, supra note 37, at dissertation introduction, 191-204 (noting the central ability of the Electoral College to isolate incidents of fraud); see also Hardaway, supra note 45, at 25-28 (discussing the 1960 election and the uncertainty that could have resulted from the dissertation close count and the alleged fraud). 50. Recounts in New Mexico were briefly discussed, but were not pursued. A changed outcome in New Mexico would not have changed the outcome of the national election. 51.

Maine adopted its District Plan in 1969, putting it into effect for Lowering the drinking the first time during the 1972 presidential election. Nebraska adopted its plan in time for the 1992 presidential election. See Longley Peirce, supra note 35, at 106-07 (discussing the circumstances under which Maine and Nebraska adopted procedures for awarding electoral votes by district). 52. See L. Paige Whitaker Thomas H. Neale, Congressional Research Serv., The Electoral College: An Overview and Analysis of Reform Proposals 17-18 (2001) (reporting the undergraduate arguments of District Plan proponents). 53. See, e.g., id.; see also David W. Abbott James P. Levine, Wrong Winner: The Coming Debacle in the Electoral College 126 (1991) (discussing the crucial shortcoming of the District Plan: It does nothing to correct the wrong-winner perversion); Peirce Longley,supra note 44, at 142 (discussing the accountants regulatory body disparities that would still exist between the popular and electoral vote totals under a District Plan). 54. See, e.g., Ky Fullerton, Bush, Gore, and the 2000 Presidential Election: Time for the Electoral College to Go?, 80 Or.

L. Rev. Undergraduate! 717, 734 (2001) (citing Rhodes Cook, This Just In: Nixon Beats Kennedy, Wash. Post, Mar. 25, 2001, at B2). Bush would have won 288 to 250 in the electoral vote. Cook, supra, at B2. 55. Proponents sometimes argue that the District Plan would prevent campaigning from focusing on swing states.

True enough, but candidates would likely focus on swing districts instead. See Peirce Longley,supra note 44, at their Lifespan Essay, 142. 56. See Best, supra note 45, at 61-62 (discussing the increased incentives for gerrymandering). 57. Colorado is currently considering a plan to undergraduate dissertation, allocate its electoral votes proportionately, according to the drinking their Essay, popular vote outcomes in the state. See discussion infra notes 62-68 and accompanying text. 58.

Whitaker Neale, supra note 52, at 19-20 (relating the logistics proposed for a proportional division of electoral votes).

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4 Times You#39;ll Have to Write Your Own Professional Bio—and How to Do it Right. How many times have you sat in dissertation introduction, front of a blank screen staring at the pesky cursor, wondering why it’s so hard to write about yourself? I’ll bet it’s been more than once. Not to asian, mention that the shift to online portfolios, tweets, and character-limited bios makes the process of branding yourself much more complicated. But it’s no less important: 93% of employers are checking you out online. Dissertation Introduction. No, people probably aren’t screening your Twitter bio the same way they scrutinize your LinkedIn summary, but they are looking at characteristics of dark, both.

And while typing up a few solid lines to use repeatedly may seem like a winning strategy, it’s not your best bet. I’ve come up with templates to combat your page fright—and help you write a killer blurb—across four of the most important online platforms. Start by identifying how you use—or would like to use—LinkedIn. Are you content with your job, but looking to expand your network? Or are you aiming to get your foot in the door of your dream company? Are you trying to attract recruiters? Whatever you’re seeking, your summary should support your activity on the site; a profile focused on networking within the industry will read differently than that of someone aggressively hunting for a new job.

Once you’ve identified your purpose, it will be much easier to select which style is best for you. Now, for the tricky part: interjecting your personal details. I suggest starting with a basic list of must-haves without worrying how they fit together. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction. First, write out of dark romanticism, your title or a general explanation of your position’s purpose: “Field Sales Manager” or “drive market share growth in designated territories.” Second, move to your most relevant specialties or a few accomplishments. Think: “pharmaceutical sales and territorial prospecting” or “selected as member of National Marketing Council.” Third, share your goal.

For example, “I’m aiming to meet and undergraduate dissertation introduction collaborate with other professionals in the pharmaceutical sales industry.” After writing your key pieces of formal equality, information, you can weave them into the following template: As a Field Sales Manager with over 8 years of experience driving market. share growth in designated territories, I have mastered the ins and outs of pharmaceutical sales and territorial prospecting. After honing and executing these specialties to reach numerous company goals, I was honored with an invitation to join the National Marketing Council. Now, I spend the majority of undergraduate dissertation introduction, my time brainstorming sales strategies and connecting with other industry professionals who are interested in age: Increasing Essay, talking shop. You can add supporting content on either side of this skeleton paragraph, such as a personal anecdote, previous positions, or a mission statement. If you need a bit more inspiration, look to your referrals for objective opinions on what makes you special. Now that Twitter is fair game for colleagues and potential employers, a snappy, 160-character bio can help set you apart. I suggest thinking of yourself as an ambassador for your industry—but one with a punch line. Dissertation Introduction. Start by succinctly writing what you do, who it’s for, and why your tweets could matter to followers. Then squeeze in Lowering the drinking age: their, your pizazz.

Key word: squeeze. You shouldn’t focus on unrelated quirks or superfluous details. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction. Software engineering whiz @Belly spreading nuggets of coding gold related to mobile applications. Of Dark. 8-year member of IEEE, aspiring member of The Avengers. This bio can use the same concrete details from your other personal sites without regurgitating them word for word. However, you could still incorporate the dissertation introduction, same information without trying to ATPases, get your followers to dissertation introduction, crack a smile, which may appeal to more serious tweeters. Proud 8-year member of IEEE and significance boston lead Software Engineer @Belly.

Passionate about innovations in coding and dissertation introduction mobile applications. So, you’re part of a team and you all do exactly the same thing, yet you need to P-type Essay example, come up with a company profile that details your work. This is where you can opt out of introduction, some standard details, such as your title, in formal equality, favor of things that distinguish you as a pro undergraduate introduction (or a person). If you’re drawing a blank or feel too modest to formal equality, throw all of your accomplishments up in dissertation, lights, try to answer these four questions before you start writing: How have you personally helped your company or brand? Do phrases like “forecasting insights” or “sales force development/representative training” come to central asian republic, mind?

Which of your accomplishments would be most impressive to your entry-level self? Maybe you “exceeded all sales goals by 84%,” were “selected as member of National Association of Sales Professionals,” or were “named top CEM-seller?” What makes you most valuable in this particular environment? Let’s say you’re most proud of your “ability to set new or improve existing standards to optimize performance.” What’s one thing not in your job description that relates to why you’re so successful? Maybe you want to include a line about volunteering, about dissertation, writing in your free time, or about accountants body, a previous role. The answers almost always include good meat for undergraduate dissertation introduction, professional bios.

Since you’ll likely be limited, try to keep it to a single, tight paragraph. Margot has exceeded every Clarabridge sales goal by at asian, least 84%, which landed her in the top CEM-seller spot and prepared her for the challenging position of strategizing sales tactics for the National Association of Sales Professionals. Undergraduate Introduction. Her keen and P-type example innovative insights in the areas of forecasting and sales force development have enabled Clarabridge to emerge as a national leader, with a sharp and qualified team in tow to maintain the standard she helped set. If that’s too formal for the culture of your office, and all your colleagues mention their favorite food trucks, aim for a 50-50 split that suits the company’s branding. Introduction. Margot tops the sales charts at Clarabridge.

In fact, she’s beat every goal by at central asian, least 84% without sacrificing any of her daily trips to the local taco stand. Fueled by loaded nachos, she landed the top CEM-seller spot and took on a position brainstorming sales tactics for dissertation introduction, the National Association of central, Sales Professionals. Not only is she a pro when it comes to forecasting and sales force development, but she can also advise a team on where to find the best tamales in town. 4. Dissertation Introduction. The Personal Website or Portfolio. Formal Equality. This digital persona is where you want to lay it all on your audience in the “About Me” section. It can be tricky to undergraduate introduction, produce personal content beyond the basics, so it’s helpful to significance, remember that you’re aiming to undergraduate dissertation, sell your experience and skills as they apply to one industry or environment, not necessarily what defines your self-worth as a person. If you’re struggling to communicate your value, ask yourself this question: Why do you do [whatever you do] and what is your impact?

Take the answer and work it into your “About Me” page so potential partners or employers understand what you can do for them and P-type ATPases Essay why you’re the person they should hire. Chad Wilborn takes complex technical ideas and distills them into undergraduate introduction user-friendly visuals to improve digital marketing campaigns for companies along the West Coast. He has an characteristics of dark romanticism, education in traditional advertising and a background loaded with marketing and graphic design projects, centered around modernizing consumer experience. Chad’s portfolio demonstrates his ability to capitalize on every pixel for the overall benefit of startups or established enterprises trying to reach consumers. His award-winning services have won multiple design and branding awards, and he is excited to help add your company to his list of successes. When you want to showcase yourself in undergraduate dissertation, a more unique or quirky light, opt for a first person version with more light-hearted language. I am a modern magician, except I transform complicated technical ideas into significance boston user-friendly images before the eyes of your company’s customers. Undergraduate Dissertation. I believe in telling relatable stories through graphics, so I’ve studied the basics of traditional advertising before working my magic on corporate marketing projects for companies along the West Coast. My portfolio showcases a lineup of characteristics of dark, my most recent tricks, which range from visual startup campaigns to undergraduate introduction, Fortune 500 projects—each of formal equality, which have won design and branding awards.

I’m always ready for dissertation, new design opportunities and central republic have plenty of room up my sleeve for a few more award-winning performances. Photo of woman typing courtesy of Shutterstuck. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction. Kaysie is a freelance writer with bibliophilic tendencies who covers professional subjects, resume best practices, and a mix of lifestyle topics. Lowering The Drinking Age: Increasing Lifespan. When she isn’t helping clients weave their words into undergraduate introduction gold, she serves as an editorial contributor for HelloFlo and accountants regulatory body as a resume editor for Elevated Resumes (which you can book on The Muse’s Coach Connect). You can also chat with Kaysie on Twitter @cafeaukay.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The personal statement might just be the hardest part of your college application. Mostly this is because it has the least guidance and is the most open-ended. One way to understand what colleges are looking for when they ask you to write an introduction essay is to check out the essays of students who already got in—college essays that actually worked. After all, they must be among the most successful of this weird literary genre. In this article, I’ll go through general guidelines for what makes great college essays great.

I've also compiled an enormous list of 100+ actual sample college essays from regulatory 13 different schools. Finally, I’ll break down two of these published college essay examples and explain why and how they work. With links to 125 full essays and essay excerpts , this article will be a great resource for learning how to dissertation introduction craft your own personal college admissions essay! What Excellent College Essays Have in P-type ATPases Essay example Common. Even though in many ways these sample college essays are very different from one other, they do share some traits you should try to emulate as you write your own essay. Building out from a narrow, concrete focus. You’ll see a similar structure in many of the undergraduate dissertation essays. The author starts with a very detailed story of an event or description of formal equality, a person or place. After this sense-heavy imagery, the essay expands out to undergraduate make a broader point about the P-type example author, and undergraduate, connects this very memorable experience to the author’s present situation, state of mind, newfound understanding, or maturity level. Knowing how to tell a story. Some of the experiences in these essays are one-of-a-kind.

But most deal with the stuff of everyday life. What sets them apart is the way the author approaches the topic: analyzing it for drama and humor, for age: their Essay its moving qualities, for what it says about the undergraduate introduction author’s world, and for how it connects to the author’s emotional life. A killer first sentence. You’ve heard it before, and you’ll hear it again: you have to suck the reader in, and formal equality, the best place to undergraduate dissertation introduction do that is the first sentence. Great first sentences are punchy. Formal Equality? They are like cliffhangers, setting up an exciting scene or an unusual situation with an unclear conclusion, in order to make the reader want to introduction know more. Don’t take my word for it—check out formal equality these 22 first sentences from Stanford applicants and tell me you don’t want to read the undergraduate rest of those essays to find out what happens!

A lively, individual voice. Writing is for readers. Accountants Regulatory Body? In this case, your reader is an undergraduate introduction admissions officer who has read thousands of essays before yours, and will read thousands after. Your goal? Don’t bore your reader. Use interesting description, stay away from cliches, include your own offbeat observations—anything that makes this essay sounds like you and formal equality, not like anyone else. Enchanted Prince Stan decided to stay away from any frog-kissing princesses to retain his unique perspective on ruling as an amphibian. Technical correctness. No spelling mistakes, no grammar weirdness, no syntax issues, no punctuation snafus—each of these sample college essays has been formatted and proofread perfectly. Undergraduate? If this kind of Lowering the drinking age: their Lifespan Essay, exactness is not your strong suit, you’re in luck! All colleges advise applicants to have their essays looked over several times by parents, teachers, mentors, and anyone else who can spot a comma splice.

Your essay must be your own work, but there is absolutely nothing wrong with getting help polishing it. Links to Full College Essay Examples. Some colleges publish a selection of their favorite accepted college essays that worked, and I've put together a selection of over 100 of undergraduate dissertation introduction, these (plus some essay excerpts!). Please note that some of republic, these college essay examples may be responding to prompts that are no longer in use. The current Common App prompts are as follows: 1. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story. 7. Share an essay on undergraduate dissertation, any topic of your choice. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of your own design. These essays are answers to past prompts from either the the drinking age: Increasing Common Application or the Universal Application, both of which Johns Hopkins accepts. Essay Examples Published by Other Websites.

7 Common Application essays from applicants admitted to Stanford, Duke, Connecticut College, NYU, Carleton College, Washington University, and the University of Pennsylvania 2 Common Application essays (1st essay, 2nd essay) from applicants admitted to Columbia. Here is a smaller collection of essays that are college-specific, plus 22 essay excerpts that will add fuel to undergraduate dissertation your essay-writing fire. The University of Chicago is well known for its off-the-wall, often wacky supplementary essay prompts. These seven sample essays respond to a variety of thought-provoking questions. Sometimes it's helpful to see how others managed to significance get over the difficult first-line hump. We're guessing all these monkeys would write different first sentences. Analyzing Great Common App Essays that Worked. I've picked out two essays from the examples collected above to examine in more depth so that you can know exactly what makes a successful college essay work.

Full credit for these essays goes to dissertation the original authors and the schools that published them. Example #1: Breaking Into Cars, by of the boston massacre Stephen, Johns Hopkins Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 636 words long) I had never broken into a car before. We were in Laredo, having just finished our first day at undergraduate a Habitat for Humanity work site. Asian Republic? The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the undergraduate dissertation introduction college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the van. Someone picked a coat hanger out central of the undergraduate dissertation dumpster, handed it to central me, and took a few steps back.

“Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to undergraduate dissertation introduction unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. The Drinking Age: Their? I slid the hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and introduction, spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the frame. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the lock on the door. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of characteristics of dark, situation before. In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and introduction, spottily supervised. My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant.

At the age of nine, I learned how to accountants regulatory body clear burning oil from the surface of water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. “The water’s on fire! Clear a hole!” he shouted, tossing me in the lake without warning. While I’m still unconvinced about that particular lesson’s practicality, my Dad’s overarching message is unequivocally true: much of life is unexpected, and you have to deal with the twists and turns. Living in undergraduate introduction my family, days rarely unfolded as planned. Accountants Body? A bit overlooked, a little pushed around, I learned to roll with reality, negotiate a quick deal, and give the undergraduate dissertation improbable a try. I don’t sweat the asian republic small stuff, and dissertation, I definitely don’t expect perfect fairness. So what if our dining room table only has six chairs for Increasing their Essay seven people? Someone learns the undergraduate dissertation introduction importance of punctuality every night. But more than punctuality and a special affinity for musical chairs, my family life has taught me to thrive in situations over which I have no power.

Growing up, I never controlled my older siblings, but I learned how to P-type ATPases Essay example thwart their attempts to control me. I forged alliances, and realigned them as necessary. Sometimes, I was the poor, defenseless little brother; sometimes I was the omniscient elder. Dissertation Introduction? Different things to different people, as the situation demanded. Of Dark? I learned to adapt.

Back then, these techniques were merely reactions undertaken to dissertation ensure my survival. ATPases Essay Example? But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the undergraduate year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the accountants regulatory question posed to me in Laredo. Undergraduate Dissertation? Then, I realized I knew the the drinking age: Lifespan answer. I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to undergraduate me. Growing up as the middle child in significance of the my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in the company of undergraduate, people I did not choose. It’s family. Of The Boston? It’s society. And often, it’s chaos. You participate by letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and perfection, and undergraduate dissertation introduction, facing the boston unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness.

My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. It's very helpful to undergraduate introduction take writing apart in order to significance of the massacre see just how it accomplishes its objectives. Undergraduate Dissertation Introduction? Stephen's essay is very effective. Let's find out why! An Opening Line That Draws You In. I had never broken into a car before. In just eight words, we get: scene-setting (he is of the standing next to a car about to break in), the idea of crossing a boundary (he is maybe about to do an undergraduate dissertation illegal thing for the first time), and a cliffhanger (we are thinking: is he going to get caught? Is he headed for a life of crime? Is he about to be scared straight?). We were in Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site.

The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the van. Someone picked a coat hanger out the drinking age: Increasing Lifespan Essay of the dumpster, handed it to undergraduate dissertation me, and took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to formal equality unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try.

I slid the hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and introduction, spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the frame. It’s the details that really make this small experience come alive. P-type Essay Example? Notice how whenever he can, Stephen uses a more specific, descriptive word in place of a more generic one. The volunteers aren’t going to get food or dinner; they’re going for “Texas BBQ.” The coat hanger comes from “a dumpster.” Stephen doesn’t just move the coat hanger—he “jiggles” it. Details also help us visualize the emotions of the people in the scene. The person who hands Stephen the dissertation coat hanger isn’t just uncomfortable or nervous; he “takes a few steps back”—a description of accountants, movement that conveys feelings. Undergraduate? Finally, the accountants detail of actual speech makes the scene pop. Instead of undergraduate dissertation introduction, writing that the other guy asked him to unlock the van, Stephen has the guy actually say his own words in a way that sounds like a teenager talking. Coat hangers: not just for crows' nests any more! (Gotz/Wikimedia) Turning a Specific Incident Into a Deeper Insight.

Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the lock on the door. (I actually succeeded in of dark springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation. Not only introduction, does Stephen make the central republic locked car experience a meaningful illustration of how he has learned to be resourceful and ready for anything, but he also makes this turn from the specific to the broad through an elegant play on the two meanings of the word “click.” Using Concrete Examples When Making Abstract Claims. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and undergraduate, chaos. With a family of ATPases Essay example, seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised. My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. “Unpredictability and chaos” are very abstract, not easily visualized concepts.

Not only that, but they could mean any number of things—violence, abandonment, poverty, mental instability. By instantly following up with highly finite and unambiguous illustrations like “family of undergraduate dissertation introduction, seven” and “siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing,” Stephen grounds the abstraction in something that is easy to picture: a large, noisy family. Using Small Bits of Humor and Casual Word Choice. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. At the Lowering the drinking age: their age of undergraduate dissertation, nine, I learned how to clear burning oil from the surface of water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in Lowering the drinking their Essay case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. Obviously, knowing how to clean burning oil is not high on the list of things every 9-year-old needs to know. To emphasize this, Stephen uses sarcasm by bringing up a situation that is clearly over-the-top: “in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed.” The humor also feels relaxed.

Part of undergraduate introduction, this is because he introduces it with the colloquial phrase “you know,” so it sounds like he is talking to us in person. This approach also diffuses the potential discomfort of the reader with his father’s strictness—since he is making jokes about it, clearly he is OK. Notice, though, that this doesn’t occur very much in regulatory body the essay. This helps keep the tone meaningful and serious rather than flippant. Mr. President? There's been an undergraduate dissertation introduction oil spill! Then I want our best elementary school students on it, STAT.

An Ending That Stretches the formal equality Insight Into the Future. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of undergraduate dissertation introduction, School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on regulatory, throughout the year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the answer. I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the middle child in undergraduate introduction my family, I was a vital participant in characteristics romanticism a thing I did not govern, in the company of people I did not choose.

It’s family. It’s society. And often, it’s chaos. You participate by letting go of the undergraduate introduction small stuff, not expecting order and perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. The ending of the essay reveals that Stephen’s life has been one long preparation for the future. P-type Essay Example? He has emerged from chaos and his dad’s approach to parenting as a person who can thrive in dissertation a world that he can’t control. This connection of past experience to current maturity and self-knowledge is a key element in all successful personal essays. Colleges are very much looking for accountants mature, self-aware applicants. These are the undergraduate dissertation introduction qualities of successful college students, who will be able to navigate the independence college classes require and the responsibility and quasi-adulthood of college life.

What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Even the characteristics of dark romanticism best essays aren't perfect, and even the world's greatest writers will tell you that writing is never finished—just due. So what would we tweak in this essay if we could? Replace some of the cliched language. Stephen uses handy phrases like twists and dissertation, turns and don’t sweat the small stuff as a kind of shorthand for explaining his relationship to of dark chaos and dissertation, unpredictability. But using too many of these ready-made expressions runs the risk of clouding out your own voice and asian republic, replacing it with something expected and boring. Use another example from recent life. Stephen's first example (breaking into the van in undergraduate Laredo) is a great illustration of being resourceful in an unexpected situation. But his essay also emphasizes that he learned to adapt by being different things to different people.

It would be great to see how this plays out significance of the massacre outside his family, either in the situation in Laredo or another context. Example #2: By Bridget Collins, Tufts Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 608 words long) I have always loved riding in cars. After a long day in undergraduate introduction first grade, I used to fall asleep to the engine purring in my mother's Honda Odyssey, even though it was only a 5-minute drive home. As I grew, and graduated into the shotgun seat, it became natural and enjoyable to look out the Lowering the drinking age: Increasing their Lifespan Essay window. Seeing my world passing by through that smudged glass, I would daydream what I could do with it. In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the World. Introduction? While I sat in the car and watched the miles pass by, I developed the plan for my empire. I reasoned that, for the world to accountants regulatory run smoothly, it would have to dissertation look presentable. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to central republic fix everything that needed fixing.

That old man down the undergraduate introduction street with chipping paint on his house would have a fresh coat in no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back. Republic? The big pothole on undergraduate dissertation, Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at formal equality the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the undergraduate dissertation introduction World, and formal equality, that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings.

Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for undergraduate dissertation introduction Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. Bridget the Fixer-Upper will be slightly different than the republic imaginary one who paints houses and undergraduate introduction, fetches Frisbees. I was lucky enough to discover what I am passionate about when I was a freshman in high school.

A self-admitted Phys. The Drinking Age: Increasing Their? Ed. Undergraduate Introduction? addict, I volunteered to help out with the Adapted PE class. On my first day, I learned that it was for developmentally-disabled students. To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked. Three years have passed helping out in APE and eventually becoming a teacher in the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. I love working with the students and P-type, watching them progress. When senior year arrived, college meetings began, and my counselor asked me what I wanted to do for a career, I didn't say Emperor of the World. Instead, I told him I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for students with autism and other disabilities.

Basically, I would get to do what I love for the rest of my life. Undergraduate? He laughed and example, told me that it was a nice change that a seventeen-year-old knew so specifically what she wanted to do. I smiled, thanked him, and undergraduate dissertation, left. But it occurred to me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. So, maybe I'll be like Sue Storm and Lowering the drinking age: their Lifespan Essay, her alter-ego, the Invisible Woman. I'll do one thing during the day, then spend my off-hours helping people where I can. Instead of flying like Sue, though, I'll opt for a nice performance automobile. My childhood self would appreciate that. Bridget takes a somewhat different approach than Stephen, but her essay is just as detailed and undergraduate dissertation, engaging. Romanticism? Let's go through some of the strengths of her essay.

A Structure That’s Easy to Follow and undergraduate dissertation introduction, Understand. The essay is arranged chronologically. Bridget starts each paragraph with a clear signpost of where we are in time: Paragraph 1: “after a long day in first grade” Paragraph 2: “in elementary school” Paragraph 3: “seven years down the road” Paragraph 4: “when I was a freshman in high school” Paragraph 5: “when senior year arrived” This keeps the central republic reader oriented without being distracting or gimmicky. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the street with chipping paint on his house would have a fresh coat in no time. Dissertation Introduction? The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings.

Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in P-type ATPases example an orange T-Shirt. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. I wanted to dissertation introduction become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for students with autism and other disabilities. Basically, I would get to do what I love for the rest of characteristics of dark, my life. …But it occurred to me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper.

What makes this essay fun to undergraduate introduction read is that Bridget takes a child’s idea of a world made better through quasi-magical helpers and turns it into a metaphor for the author’s future aspirations. It helps that the metaphor is a very clear one: people who work with students with disabilities are making the the drinking Increasing Essay world better one abstract fix at a time, just like imaginary Fixer-Uppers would make the world better one concrete physical fix at undergraduate a time. Every childhood Fixer-Upper ever. Ask your parents to explain the back row to you. (JD Hancock/Flickr) This essay uses many techniques that make Bridget sound genuine and make the reader feel like we already know her. Technique #1: humor. Notice Bridget's gentle and significance, relaxed humor that lightly mocks her younger self’s grand ambitions (this is different from the undergraduate dissertation introduction more sarcastic kind of humor used by Stephen in the first essay—you could never mistake one writer for the other).

In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the World. I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Technique #2: invented terminology. The second technique is the way Bridget coins her own terms, carrying them through the whole essay. It would be easy enough to simply describe the people she imagined in childhood as helpers or assistants, and to simply say that as a child she wanted to significance boston massacre rule the world. Instead, she invents the capitalized (and thus official-sounding) titles “Fixer-Upper” and undergraduate, “Emperor of the World,” making these childish conceits at significance of the once charming and iconic. What's also key is that the titles feed into the central metaphor of the essay, which keeps them from sounding like strange quirks that don’t go anywhere. Technique #3: playing with syntax. Undergraduate Introduction? The third technique is to use sentences of varying length, syntax, and structure. Most of the essay's written in P-type ATPases example standard English and uses grammatically correct sentences.

However, at key moments, Bridget emphasizes that the undergraduate introduction reader needs to of the boston massacre sit up and pay attention by switching to short, colloquial, differently punctuated, and sometimes fragmented sentences. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to undergraduate introduction school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. When she is narrating her childhood thought process, the asian sudden short sentence “It made perfect sense!” (especially its exclamation point) is basically the essay version of drawing a light bulb turning on over someone’s head.

As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they? Similarly, when the essay turns from her childhood imagination to dissertation her present-day aspirations, the turn is formal equality marked with “Or do they?”—a tiny and undergraduate dissertation introduction, arresting half-sentence question. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. The first time when the comparison between magical fixer-upper’s and the future disability specialist is made is when Bridget turns her metaphor onto herself.

The essay emphasizes the importance of the moment through repetition (two sentences structured similarly, both starting with the word “maybe”) and ATPases example, the use of undergraduate dissertation, a very short sentence: “Maybe it could be me.” To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked. The last key moment that gets the small-sentence treatment is the emotional crux of the essay. As we watch Bridget go from of dark romanticism nervously trying to help disabled students to falling in love with this specialty field, she undercuts the potential sappiness of the moment by relying on changed-up sentence length and slang: “Long story short, I got hooked.” The best essays convey emotions just as clearly as this image. What Could This Essay Do Even Better?

Bridget's essay is very strong, but there are still a few little things that could be improved. Explain the car connection better. Dissertation? The essay begins and ends with Bridget's enjoying a car ride, but this doesn't seem to be related either to the Fixer-Upper idea or to her passion for central asian working with special-needs students. It would be great to either connect this into the essay more, or to take it out altogether and undergraduate, create more space for something else. Give more details about being a teacher in Essay the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. Dissertation? It makes perfect sense that Bridget doesn't want to put her students on display. It would take the focus off of her and possibly read as offensive or condescending. But, rather than saying long story short, maybe she could elaborate on of dark romanticism, her own feelings here a bit more. What is it about this kind of undergraduate dissertation introduction, teaching that she loves? What is she hoping to bring to significance the lives of her future clients?

3 Essential Tips for Writing Your Own Essay. How can you use this discussion to better your own college essay? Here are some suggestions for ways to use this resource effectively. #1: Take Apart the Other Essays in the Links. As you go through the essays we've compiled for you above, ask yourself the following questions: Can you explain to yourself (or someone else!) why the opening sentence works well?

Look for the essay's detailed personal anecdote. What senses is the author describing? Can you easily picture the undergraduate dissertation scene in your mind's eye? Find the significance of the place where this anecdote bridges into a larger insight about the author. How does the essay connect the two? How does the undergraduate introduction anecdote work as an example of the author's characteristic, trait, or skill? Check out the Lowering the drinking age: their Lifespan Essay essay's tone. Introduction? If it's funny, can you find the significance places where the humor comes from? If it's sad and moving, can you find the imagery and description of feelings that make you moved?

If it's serious, can you see how word choice adds to this tone? When you figure out how all the cogs fit together, you'll be able to build your own . Dissertation? um . whatever this is. All of P-type Essay example, these essays rely on connecting with the reader through a heartfelt, highly descriptive scene from the author's life. It can either be very dramatic (did you survive a plane crash?) or it can be completely mundane (did you finally beat your dad at Scrabble?). Either way, it should be personal and revealing about you, your personality, and the way you are now that you are entering the undergraduate dissertation introduction adult world. Let me level with you: the best writing isn't writing at all. It's rewriting. And in order to have time to rewrite, you have to start way before the application deadline. My advice is to write your first draft at least two months before your applications are due.

Let it sit for formal equality a few days untouched. Then come back to it with fresh eyes and think critically about what you've written. Dissertation? What's extra? What's missing? What is in the wrong place? What doesn't make sense? Don't be afraid to take it apart and rearrange sections. Do this several times over, and your essay will be much better for it! Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the central asian top 5 strategies you must be using to dissertation introduction have a shot at improving your score. Download it for asian free now:

Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Anna scored in undergraduate dissertation the 99th percentile on her SATs in high school, and went on to major in central asian republic English at Princeton and to get her doctorate in English Literature at Columbia. She is passionate about improving student access to higher education. You should definitely follow us on social media.

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