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APA Format Examples, Tips, and Guidelines. APA format is the official style used by the American Psychological Association and is commonly used in psychology, education, and other social sciences. Of Income? Check out this gallery of examples, tips, and guidelines for writing papers in APA format. Essay? Your title page should include a running head, page number, article title, author name, and author affiliation. Definition? The sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual contained a few changes to the format of an APA style title page. Your title page should contain a running head that is flush left at the top of the page and a page number that is flush right at the top of the page. The title should be at spirit the top half of the page and distribution, should be centered between margins. Does Wetherspoons Stop Serving? Use both upper-case and lower-case letters.
This page should include the distribution of income title of your paper, your name, and your school affiliation. The APA suggests that your title is no more than 12 words in length. Piggy Death? Avoid using titles or degree info (such as Dr. Distribution Definition? or Ph.D.) before and spirit, after your name. Your title should be a very concise statement of what the distribution definition reader will find in the paper. In many cases, your title will identify the major variables and spirit, the relationships between them. For example, #34;Effect of Sleep Deprivation on Math Performance#34; is an example of a succinct title that clearly describes what the paper is about. Definition? The APA style guide also advises writers to avoid phrases such as #34;An Experimental Investigation on. #34; or #34;A Study of. #34;. You should also avoid any extraneous words that do not add meaning to your title.
All sources cited in your psychology paper should be included in the reference page. The reference page should appear at the end of your APA paper. The purpose of full movie, this page is to provide a list of sources used in your paper so that the reader can easily look up all of the materials you cited. One of the first rules you should observe on your reference page: If you cited the article in distribution of income your paper, it must appear in the reference list. Conversely, if a source appears on your reference page, it must be cited somewhere in your paper. Your references should begin on a new page with the title References centered at the very top. Do not underline, italicize or place quotation marks around the References title. Some More Basic Reference Page Rules. Your references should be alphabetized by the last names of the spirit first author of each source. All references should be double-spaced. Each reference should use a hanging indentation: the first line of the reference should be flush left, but each additional line of the distribution reference needs to be indented.
In article titles, only the first letter should be capitalized. If a colon appears in the title, the apple responsibility first letter after the colon should also be capitalized. The title should not be placed in quotations, underlined or italicized. Of Income Definition? All major words in the title of a journal should be capitalized; i.e. The Journal of penetration pricing, Personality and Social Psychology. Distribution Definition? Longer works such as books and journals should appear in italics. In the case where the same author is when wetherspoons, cited multiple times for different works, start by listing these references in chronological order with the oldest reference appearing first and working your way up to the most recent one. Learn more about APA references: Tables are a great way to display a great deal of information in a concise, clear and easy to read format. Distribution? In APA format papers, tables are generally used to describe the results of statistical analysis and other pertinent quantitative data.
However, it is important to note that tables are not simply used to replicate data that has already been presented in tesco the text of the paper and not all data should be presented in a table. If you have little numeric information to present, it should be described in the text of your paper. The official APA publication manual recommends designing your table with the reader in mind. Strive to communicate data in a way that is clear and easy to of income definition, understand. Basic Rules for Tables in social APA Format. All tables should be numbered (e.g. Table 1, Table 2, Table 3).
Each table should have an individual title, italicized and presented with each word capitalized (except and of income definition, , in , of , with , etc.). For example, Correlations Between Age and Test Scores. Try to ensure that your title is neither too general nor too specific. Each table should begin on full movie a separate page. Horizontal lines can be used to separate information and distribution, make it clearer. Do not use vertical lines in an APA format table. According to market, the new sixth edition of the APA manual, a table can be either single-spaced or double-spaced.
The key is to keep the distribution of income table readable and the spacing consistent. All tables should be referenced in the text of the paper. Tables should be last, after your reference list and appendixes. You should use a font that is large enough to measures tesco, read without magnification Focus on keeping your table concise. Too much extraneous information can overwhelm and confuse the reader. Definition? Stick to reporting the most important data. Pricing? Remember that your table is there to supplement rather than replicate the distribution definition text of your paper. Do not feel the need to discuss every element of your table in your text. Instead, mention key highlights and when stop serving breakfast, tell the reader what to look for in your table. Table headings should be located flush right.
Each column should be identified using a descriptive heading. The first letter of each heading should be capitalized. Abbreviations for standard terms (e.g. M, SD, etc.) can be used without explanation. Uncommon definitions should be explained in a note below the table. Additional Notes to an APA Format Table. If additional explanation is needed, a note can be added below the table. There are three kinds of of income, notes: General notes, specific notes, and probability notes. Essay Betrayal? General notes refer to some aspect of the entire table; specific notes refer to a particular column or row; probability notes specify the probability level. Is the table needed to present data or could the data simply be presented in the text? Does the of income definition title of your table clearly but briefly explain what it is about?
Is the full spacing consistent throughout the table? Does the body of the paper refer to the table? Is each column of the table clearly labeled? If your paper contains more than one table, are they similar in format and presentation? Are any special or uncommon abbreviations explained in notes? American Psychological Association. Distribution? (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Author: Washington, DC. Journal articles should appear in alphabetical order in your APA format reference list. Crash Full Movie? Consult the image below for examples of of income definition, journal articles in APA format. Capitalize the first word in the title, subtitle, and measures, proper nouns.
Italicize the name of the publication and of income, the volume number. Spirit Tesco? The basic format of a journal article reference involves listing authors by their last names followed by their initials. Next, the publication year is enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period. The title of the article should then follow, with only the first word and distribution, any proper nouns capitalized. The title of the journal should then follow along with the volume number, both of which should be italicized, and the page numbers of the article should also be included.
Finally, a DOI number should be included if one is available. Referencing electronic sources in APA format requires special style concerns. Electronic References Are Similar to Other References. The basic format of an electronic reference is piggy death, very similar to that of distribution of income definition, any other reference. However, you do need to include the date the reference was retrieved from the Internet as well as the online location of the document. Market Penetration Pricing? As you perform research and accumulate sources, always be sure to note the date you found a particular source as well as its exact location on the Web. Use a Digital Object Identifier When Possible. Because online URLs can change, the APA recommends utilizing a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) in your references whenever possible.
A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string that begins with a 10 as well as a prefix (a four digit number assigned to organizations) and a suffix (a number assigned by the publisher). Many publishers will include the DOI on the first page of an electronic document. Distribution Definition? If a DOI is available, simply include it at the end of the reference as follows - doi:10.0000/00000000000.
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Download The Park today to secure your job tomorrow. Click here to tesco, download. The Park template pack. resume tools and definition, coach support and great templates. Glad you like them! Anything Specific for when does wetherspoons breakfast, the trades ?? I am a machinist..Thanks. Any of the above are suitable for your industry, but if we had to choose we’d suggest the ‘Chicago’ or the ‘Modern.’ Good luck on the job hunt!
Great thanks for your help … We would recommend the ‘Milano’ template. Good luck! I am trying to decide what to use as a professional massage therapist. Distribution Of Income. Thanks. Check out piggy death our ‘Elegant’ templates. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi, which template is good for the pharmaceutical industry or biology? Thanks! The ‘Harvard’ should be suitable.
Good luck! Thanks! I appreciate it. Of Income Definition. What if I already started using one of the advanced templates – dark blue contemporary? Should I switch to Harvard? I recently graduated, about a year and a half ago and I am looking to apple responsibility, break into of income, the pharmaceutical industry with a biology and measures, pharmacy background. Let me know what you think! #128578; Contemporary should work just fine. Which one would be good for a television producer? Or someone in the media industry?
Thanks! The ‘Milano’ sounds like the right way to go. Best of luck! which template would be good for a high school student? which template would be great for definition, executive. Which template is good for fresher seeking job in IT industry. I’m BCA graduate. Try the ‘Chicago’ on for size. Good luck on the job hunt! which template suitable for internship?
which template is suitable for a project manager. Which template is suitable for a job at a bank? which Template is stop breakfast better for a job of medical field? You might want to check out our internship and engineering resume samples: Good luck on distribution definition the job hunt! What resume is Essay on Honorable Betrayal most suitable for a Professional Sales Manager that is hoping to of income, change careers to spirit measures tesco, an Executive Asst. HI, what resume is suitable for distribution of income, a management consultant? or an crash full auditor? The ‘Milano’ would suit either of distribution of income, those professions. Good luck!
The decision is really a matter of preference. We suggest you try a few and piggy death, see which one you like best. Of Income Definition. Good luck! Thank you very much for sharing!! Very helpful!! Hi what would you recommend for a recent master graduate wanting to penetration pricing, get into the Conflict resolution/ humanitarian field?
Try out the ‘Elegant’ Template. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi what would you recommend for a school district instructional assistant? Or a childcare provider (lead teacher)? Recommendation for something in the legal profession? Specifically pretrial services assessor? Didn’t see anything for paralegals, either…
The resumes above are templates, but it sounds like you are looking for samples. Check out our paralegal resume sample, here: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/paralegal-resume-example. Good luck on distribution definition the job hunt, Hi what would be a good resume for someone with multiple skills.(Retail Management, Computer Repair and Maintenance , Low Voltage Tech, Lab Courier) We suggest trying the ‘Park’ template.
It offers plenty of space for you to include all of your skills. what if you have no experience making a job application whatsoever and apple corporate, you don’t know which template to distribution, use for a beginner. For a beginner, our ‘Classic’ is always a solid choice. Good luck on the job hunt! Any of the resumes above could be used for someone with a criminal history, but if we had to Essay on Honorable Betrayal, choose we’d suggest the ‘Chicago.’ Also, you should check out our tips on distribution of income definition how to address criminal history in Essay a cover letter: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions#Red-flag-8:-Criminal-history. Try using the distribution, ‘Park’ template. Good luck with finding an crash movie internship! We suggest the ‘Milano.’ Don’t forget to check out our Pharmacist resume: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/pharmacist-resume-example Good luck on the internship.
What resume would you recommend for a Human Resource Manager with 5 years of experience. What kind of resume would you recommend for someone changing careers from a lower tier job to a more career building one? The ‘Park’ template would be an distribution definition appropriate choice. Crash. Good luck with the career change. which template wouldb good for distribution of income definition, construction,HVAC? We’d suggest going with the ‘Modern’ template. Best of luck finding an HVAC job. which template would i use?
I was recently fired and need a job asap, i worked in customer service for a department store and piggy death, then moved into a supervisor position but for distribution definition, only 7months. My previuos jobs were a ups helper and a busser at a resturaunt. Go with the Essay on Honorable Betrayal, ‘Milano’ template. Good luck! What template would you suggest to use?
I am changing careers from distribution of income a major University as a Farm Attendant Lead to CDL Truck Driver either over the road or Local? Try going with the ‘Milano’ template. Good Luck! What template do you recommend for a middle aged person with plenty of related experience including being a small business owner, applying for a flight attendant position? You should visit our nurse resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/nursing-resume-example.
You can download the example and fill in your own information. Hi, what kind of resume template you recommend for a engineer with 4 years of experience?. which resume would you recommend for college student applying for spirit tesco, jobs with no experience. Hi, what kind of distribution of income, resume will you recommend for crash movie, a college student, applying for a job. which resume would you recommend for a fashion merchandiser/executive assistant stay at home mom returning to work? Good luck on the job hunt!
which resume do you recommend for an budding flight attendant career? Thanks for this! I’ll use the Harvard Resume Template. #128578; Hey there Rayhan, The key to distribution of income definition, writing a resume fresh out of college without work experience is to: 2. Make your education section strong, and include key relevant projects/leadership experiences from college that pertain to pricing, the position to which you’re applying. Good luck with your job search! Hey there Aditya, I’d recommend the Classic B W template for your resume. It’s a nice standard look — nothing too fancy, but it gets the job done.
Good luck! With all of that experience, you have some flexibility! When in distribution of income doubt, the reverse-chronological is a good choice. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/chronological-samples-writing-guide. Enjoy the piggy death, fresh start, and distribution, best of luck with the job application! Which resume would your recommend for applying for a position in a company that you currently work in that is market penetration merging? All staff must re-apply. All of distribution of income, these resume templates are perfect for someone in your situation – it just depends on your preference. Since your goal is to prove the wetherspoons stop, value you bring to the table to your new employers, you want your resume to stand out for its content even more than its format.
Things that are quantifiable (think numbers, dollar signs, etc.) give your resume weight – check out the following link for some ideas to make the content of your resume stand out: https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/accomplishments-on-resume-quantify-achievements. Good luck, and distribution definition, please feel free to comment again if you have further questions! I would suggest that you first decide which type of resume best suits your situation, then choose a matching template. Check out this link and market, see if one jumps out at you: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/ Good luck with your career! I’d first recommend checking out this page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. What you want to do is highlight your education over professional experience since most likely that’s a stronger area for you, then proceed from there. Good luck landing your internship! Share Resume Genius’ Original Templates – Expert’s Choice Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. Distribution Of Income. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and apple corporate social, easy export to MS Word and PDF.
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This research was applied to the design of transgenic animals such as a pig model for cystic fibrosis and cows lacking the growth hormone inhibitor gene so that they would produce more muscle per animal to potentially produce more meat to supply the growing world population. I was involved in tesco the research by performing much of the manual lab work for the assistant professor and lab supervisor, Dan Carlson. I cloned plasmids and distribution of income verified their identity by gel electrophoresis, isolated RNA from penetration pricing tissue samples, and distribution of income definition grew cells, lysed them and analyzed their DNA by PCR. I was able to learn vast amounts about the process of research and how my work contributed despite my limited knowledge of wetherspoons stop serving breakfast, genetics and biochemistry that made it difficult to definition, completely understand the piggy death, mechanism by which we were pursuing our goal. I eventually understood how everything was connected in the lab: I made plasmids that were designed by Dan who would then put them into pig or cow cells to express the sequence-specific homologous recombination-inducing restriction enzymes that were either zinc-finger nucleases or transcription activator-like endonucleases (TALENs). The cells modified by these restriction enzymes had the potential to be cloned into animals to determine the effectiveness of the mutations. I volunteered in the lab for the summer after my freshman year of college and was hired as a lab technician for the remainder of my time in the lab. Working in distribution definition this lab helped me appreciate biology from a chemist’s perspective almost to the point that I felt like more of piggy death, a biologist than a chemist.
This experience made me excited about my future biochemistry and genetics classes where I was finally able to definition, understand the general mechanisms of the protocols performed in the lab. By having applied a wide range of protocols, I found it easier to learn the biochemical mechanisms behind the research. This also made me more interested in topics related to our work in genetic engineering such as the possibility of using siRNA or miRNA to selectively turn off or reduce translation of certain proteins that could be potential methods for selectively targeting cancer cells based on their mutations. I learned to value the biological techniques involved in spirit tesco the lab’s research even though I do not want to focus my research on genetic engineering of transgenic animals. Because I want to distribution of income definition, more directly contribute my work to medical research and utilize my chemistry background, I sought another lab position that would give me an opportunity to begin preparing myself for measures, such a career. Therefore, I joined Natalia Treyakova’s medicinal chemistry research group in the cancer research center at the University of Minnesota in my junior year of college. The primary goal of the lab is to understand the role of DNA adducts in carcinogenesis by using the of income definition, tools of mass spectrometry, organic synthesis, biochemistry, molecular biology, and computational chemistry. My experience in this lab has helped me grow as an independent researcher because I was able to quickly comprehend concepts due to crash full, my strong chemistry background and previous experience in a genetic engineering lab. This experience helped me quickly become more independent in the lab. It has also improved my ability to communicate my results to others and practice creativity by designing my own project, going to lab meetings, presenting my research, participating in journal club, writing reports for distribution of income definition, Professor Tretyakova, troubleshooting, and receiving feedback from the other lab members.
When I started in the lab, I was placed to work with Teshome Gherezghiher, a post-doctoral student, to help him with his work on cyclophosphamide, a prodrug of a DNA alkylating agent, nornitrogen mustard. I learned how to perform the fundamental techniques used in the lab such as high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry while I was beginning to optimize the synthesis of standards for biological analyses. These standards had already been described in the literature, but I worked for four months to alter the reaction conditions to increase the yield of the reaction. I also synthesized an additional standard from one of the products of the reaction that had not been synthesized in market the lab before and was not well characterized. Over time, I have begun to understand how my work has contributed to more advanced analytical techniques.
These standards are used to not only quantify the adduct formation and repair in cell lines in of income vivo , but they are also being used to quantify adduct formation in spirit leukocytes isolated from donated blood that are treated with the drug. This can potentially be used in an ex vivo test in distribution of income the clinic. Apple Corporate Responsibility? Developing such a test to quantify adduct formation will hopefully contribute to distribution of income, personalized dosing of the drug, which is important because it has been shown that the on Honorable Betrayal, sensitivity of the drug varies; this is the case in Fanconi Anemia patients who require a much smaller dose than other cancer patients without the disease to definition, have the same amount of adduct formation because there are more defects in their DNA repair mechanisms. Without proper dosing of the drug, higher sensitivity patients may experience more severe side effects. In addition to contributing to penetration pricing, Teshome’s work on cyclophosphamide, I took on a project from a previous graduate student in the lab, Xun Ming, to study the occurrence of protein-DNA cross-links induced by cisplatin and their potential to facilitate mutagenicity and cytotoxicity. To our knowledge, cisplatin has not been previously shown to of income definition, form mutagenic DNA-protein adducts. In his thesis, Xun showed how he had studied a cisplatin cross-link between lysine and guanine; he was successful at synthesizing a standard and was able to observe the spirit tesco, cross-link in cells treated with the drug. He also wanted to search for distribution, guanine-cysteine cross-links that he determined to exist.
Although he tried to crash movie, synthesize a novel standard for the guanine-cysteine adduct, he struggled with its stability. Since December 2011, I have been trying to optimize a multi-step synthesis and of income purification method for this molecule. When I synthesize and purify the standard without degradation, I will be continuing my research to search for the cross-link in cancer cell lines. Penetration? Xun had hypothesized the cysteine-guanine cross-links migrate to guanine-guanine cross-links though the rate is of income unknown. The migration is apple responsibility believed to only occur with cross-links involving cysteine, but the distribution of income, formation of the specific adduct has not been confirmed. Observing the stability of the conjugate in cells will help determine whether the DNA-protein conjugates could potentially have a mutagenic effect. Also, verifying the formation of such cross-links in cells could help explain the effectiveness of the corporate social, drug in certain kinds of tumors such as sarcomas, lymphomas, and some carcinomas based on protein interactions. Distribution? My research experiences have motivated me to learn more about cancer and become passionate about understanding its mechanisms and when wetherspoons stop serving improving its treatment. Cancer is an incredibly complex disease; every cancer involves different genetic mutations resulting in alterations in the expression and structure of proteins – these mutations even vary within individual tumors. I am optimistic about the possibility to take advantage of these modifications to create personalized medicines that selectively target cancer cells to more efficiently and effectively treat cancer. Of Income? I plan on utilizing my undergraduate research experiences to when wetherspoons stop breakfast, propel myself into definition, more advanced cancer research emphasizing in pharmacology and medicinal chemistry to contribute to the development of more specific anticancer medicines.
I am inspired by the development of medicines such as the breast cancer drug Herceptin that targets cells containing a large abundance of the Her2 receptor that is characteristic of some breast cancers. Herceptin uses an antibody and has improved the survival rate of patients with Her2+ breast cancer. There have been some great advancement recently in more personalized cancer treatment such as with the design of Herceptin and I want to be a part of the when does stop serving, discovery of new drug targets and the design of novel anticancer drugs. Researching novel ways to personalize medicines will combine my interests in the biology fostered in of income the genetic engineering lab and the chemical aspects of my research in the medicinal chemistry lab to contribute to improving the treatment of apple corporate social responsibility, cancer.
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Essay, Research Paper: Research Paper On Zoology. advanced in definition technology, medicine and even the fact we are the most sophisticated. species on piggy death, the planet. Are we a gift to planet Earth, or far from it? With cast. amounts of of income, pollution and destruction of the planet, not to mention unthinkable. acts of violence and hate that has been going on since the spirit tesco beginning of time. Are we really as sophisticated and important as we have led ourselves to.
believe? Are we any better than any other creature because we are more. technologically advanced? Is the human race a blessing? Humans have destroyed. and endangered more species on our planet than any other species or group, with. our continuous pollution and lack of respect for out own environment. Distribution. One area. of the world affected by our careless habits is apple social, our coastlines and the marine.
habitats that vast amounts of species rely on. These particular areas of the. world are being destroyed because humans don’t seem to care as long as they. make a couple of dollars in the process. Oil spills like the one in the Prince.
William Sound on the coast of Alaska and Hawaiian sea turtles and their many. troubles with humans are just some examples of human carelessness and the. consequences that the distribution definition environment, particularly marine wildlife incur, which. often are fatal. I chose this particular subject because I find the ocean and. it’s unique and full movie rare inhabitants to be interesting. Every coastline has its.
one unique species and no two areas are the same. I wanted to learn more about. how humans are destroying the habitats of definition, these unique creatures. I found that. all species are in someway being threatened by human dominance and carelessness. From the common flounder or sea star you can find when you walk across the beach. to a rare fish like the coelacanth (prehistoric fish that was believed to be. extinct until one was caught off the when does wetherspoons coat of Madagascar by of income a local commercial. fisherman until in on Honorable Betrayal the 1950’s). The ocean can be a calm and loving but can. easily turn into a vicious killer within seconds.
All of these things are what I. find so interesting about the ocean. I wanted to distribution of income definition find out why people can. continue to destroy it even though they know the effect of their actions. I. guess some people are ignorant and just don’t care if they destroy the things. that make our environment so beautiful.
One example of our careless destruction. of our environment is the Exxon Valdez oil spill off the coast of Alaska in. 1989. Betrayal. The Prince William Sound still shows signs of the oil spill tem years. later. Most species have recovered since the spill, but many are still.
suffering. The Harbor Seal and herring are just two who are vital to the. survival of distribution of income definition, all the species in the area. Herring are the when wetherspoons main source of food for. many species in the area, including humans. (Mitchell, p.98) “The ecosystem is. gradually recovering from the spill,” says Molly McCammon, an Executive. director of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council, “but it will never be. the same as it was twenty years ago.” The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee. Council was founded to distribution of income definition oversee the use of nine hundred million dollars to the. area by the government after settling with the Exxon Company for one billion. dollars in criminal and civil damages.
One serious problem in the aftermath of. Exxon Valdez is the decline of herring. (The table shows the does wetherspoons stop serving breakfast chave in. populations of Prince William Sound before and after the Exxon Valdez spill.) Even more disturbing than the of income definition fact herring aren’t recovering as well as other. species like them is the fact they were on the decline before the accident. This. was a major issue because herring are the center of the ecosystem in the Sound. Many biologists now believe that over fishing of the herring has contributed to. their decline. The Pacific Herring is Betrayal, just one species of the area, but if you. see how important that one species is to distribution of income the ecosystem of the Alaskan coast than.
you begin to see how important all species are to their particular habitats. This is just one example, but if you take a species out of its environment, then. a chain reaction would occur, hurting the species around it. Another species. that biologists are beginning to study wit the money received from the Exxon. Valdez settlement is the when does wetherspoons stop serving Alaskan Salmon. The oil spill has left the Alaskan. Salmon on the decline until recently, but still the species is of income, reeling. “The. last two years have been extremely positive for the Alaskan Salmon. population,” stated one Alaskan biologists. But her concerns were more focused.
on the salmon offspring, which had been effected by the spill. Fry, as seen in. the left vial, were damaged by the oil. The fry still come in Essay Betrayal contact with oil. when oil pockets seep into some intertidal spawning streams. Distribution Of Income Definition. “These pockets. are like mines,” says Jeffrey Short, a scientist with the National Marine. Fisheries Service.
Scientist discovered the oil caused genetic defects in. salmon. Many species in the Prince William Sound are still recovering from the. spill. This is just one spill and you can see the devastation it has made upon. its ecosystem. This has been called one of the worst oil spills in history. But. you can imagine there has been numerous spills that are almost as areas might.
never fully recover from the crash spill on their ecosystem. The devastation of an oil. spill is just one of many causes of marine destruction that humans are guilty. of. Many other species suffer from damaged habitats. Another example of humans. destroying their environment and the unique species that live there is distribution, Hawaiian. Sea turtles. The turtles are becoming endangered because of loss of habitat. The.
overwhelming presence of humans in the turtle’s habitat is making is harder. for turtles to find areas where they can lay their eggs. The loss of nesting. sites if hurting the reproduction of sea turtles because unpopulated beaches are. becoming harder to on Honorable Betrayal find. Sea turtles have an affinity for certain beaches and. when they cannot lay their eggs there they have to find new areas which can take. time. Other reasons why the turtles are being threatened are pollution of the. ocean and netting. Pollution in the form of debris is distribution definition, killing turtles.
They can. ingest the plastic debris and it makes it hard to get the nourishment needed. from the food they eat. Netting is another killer of turtles. Fishing nets set. out by commercial fisherman are a definite killer of sea turtles in crash full the Hawaiian. Islands. (http://www.turtles.org/marines). Erosion of beaches also hurts the sea. turtle population. Of Income Definition. The lack of beach force turtles to lay their eggs in a. smaller area. When humans try to apple social stop or reduce erosion it disturbs the turtles.
even more. Sea walls, canals, jetties, and sandbagging are all things that are. used by humans to stop erosion, but they are hurting the distribution definition turtles more than they. are helping them. They need dry land in order to lay their eggs and these. structures are deducing land even further. Fibropapilloma Tumors are a serious. threat and are beginning to show up on turtles in Hawaii and penetration pricing other areas with. large numbers of sea turtles. They were first seen in turtles around 1930, but.
it wasn’t until 1980 that the tumors began to show up in epidemic proportions. The green turtles were the only known species to have the tumors, but it has. recently been discovered in other turtle species. The most effected areas of the. world are Hawaii, Florida, and Australia. (http://www.turtles.org/threats.htm) All of distribution definition, these threats to turtle population are hurting their hopes of survival. But people out to help the sea turtles such as Denise Parker who works with a. marine turtle program in Honolulu, Hawaii, have worked hard and the population. of marine sea turtles has actually been on the rise in recent years. The.
turtle’s population is coming up from piggy death endangered and threatened to a safe. number, but that isn’t far enough for distribution definition many who care about the turtles. Crash Movie. They. continue to help increase the population because they know they would begin to. decline again if they didn’t have any help. Many groups such as the distribution definition Marine. Turtles Research Program and the National Marine Fisheries Service are helping. to restore the turtles in Hawaii. There are also many individuals whose work. with the sea turtles have helped in does stop preserving them and their natural.
environment. One of these people is Ken Nichols. Nichols is a supporter of. turtles and he is trying to make the people aware of the definition environment in the. Hawaiian Islands. He feels that the most important thing we can do is conserve. the wilderness and beaches from expansion. We need to educate people about the. turtles especially children. Wetherspoons Stop. When asked about distribution, how we can save the environment. and the habitat of piggy death, turtles as well as other species Nichols said, “This is.
obviously a difficult task as the human population continues to grow, which. means we are constantly expanding into wild areas which support bio-diversity of. all types. I believe the distribution greatest task is apple corporate social responsibility, education of children and more. efficient use of the definition existing areas we are using.” These two ideas, are good. examples of crash full movie, how the human race destroys the distribution definition environment around them.
We continue. to hurt our wildlife, but there are people out there to stop fight against the. pollution and destruction caused by large corporations and businesses. The. Endangered Species Act of 1973 has helped tremendously in the battle for. survival of species like the turtles in of income definition Hawaii as well as other threatened and. endangered species of piggy death, out planet. (http://www.fws.gov/r9end.com).
This act. prohibits the further destruction or death of the species. By the Endangered. Species Act, citizens of the United States are prohibited from taking an. endangered or threatened species, declared by the U.S. Fish and Wilidlife. Service, from of income its environment whether on United States’ soil or in its waters.
Punishment if caught breaking the lwas instead in this act are as follows; 25,000 dollars if caught violating the rules listed above, 12,000 forknowingly. participating in the importing or exporting of such species. Any person who. otherwise violates any provision of Betrayal, this Act, or any regulation, permit, or. certificate issued hereunder, may be assessed a civil penalty by distribution of income definition the Secretary. of not more than $500 for each such violation. (http://endangered.fws.gov/esa.html) Although this act is a great step towards the restoration of threatened and. endangered species many feel the act isn’t worth the Betrayal money. A proposed.
amendment to the Endangered Species Act threatened many aspects of the project. The proposed “amendment” was an attempt to distribution undermine the project of funding. and political support. The amendment to section 403 of the Endangered Species. Act would literally wipe out many of the endangered species protected by this. bill. “The sea turtles of Hawaii wouldn’t stand a chance if the amendment. would have passed,” said supporters of the Endangered Species Act and. endangered species around the world, “We can’t just let them take back what. we have worked so hard for.” Shrimp nets alone kill 55,000 turtles a year in. the Hawaiian Islands. (http://www.turtles.org/threats).
If the Endangered. Species Act is undermined where will these endangered species turn? Some. senators who support the amendments to undermine the act are back in congress. for a second term and many feel the amendments to the Endangered Species Act. will be brought up again and re-voted. Crash Full Movie. (http://www,turtles.org/threats). Senator. Slade Gorton was one supporter of the bill to undermine the Endangered Species.
Act. Are these accusations of inhumanity and lack of care for of income definition nature completely. true about Senator Gorton? On Senator Gorton’s web site (http://senate.gov/ he shows his compassion for crash movie nature. A letter thanking him for his help on saving.
trees and several streams in of income definition his home state of Washington from the when does stop breakfast Sierra club. was one such article bringing up questions of distribution definition, whether he was so bad. Others seem. to think otherwise, but it is hard to tell without actually knowing him or all. his work. Many other laws and acts have been implemented to stop the decline in. population of many endangered and threatened species.
One it the spirit measures Marine Mammal. Act, which protects the many species in our oceans. The Clean Water and distribution of income Clean. Air acts were also adopted to help protect these endangered species from human. threats. One example of how humans have hurt many different species of animals. is pesticides, especially the pesticide DDT, which was used in World War II to. keep insects away from soldiers. Betrayal. After the distribution of income war, the pesticide was brought back.
to the United States and used very carelessly. On Honorable Betrayal. DDT seeped into the streams and. contaminated almost every species that ate fish or other animals that had been. infected with DDT. From the contaminated fish the pesticide went up the food. chain and began killing off the bald eagles. After the substance DDT was.
nationally banned in 1973 the of income definition bald eagle has begun to make a comeback like most. of the other species affected by our carelessness. On Honorable Betrayal. (Discovery, “The Bald. Eagle”). Just because the Bald Eagle is the symbol of our country does that. mean we have more of an of income obligation to market pricing protect it than the sea turtles? Hopefully.
we will be able to stop the amendments one more time, but if they are made what. will happen to the animals that depend on it? We have the distribution obligations to protect. these animals. We have placed them in this situation and it is our fault many of.
these species are endangered today. We cannot continue to let them slip away if. we can do something about when does breakfast, it. Many organizations are trying to keep these laws. in place. Others who feel that our money should go to more worthy causes, even.
though we personally are responsible for the decline in many species. I think we. need to support the laws that are in effect as of distribution, right now and try to get. better funding for piggy death the organizations that are already in place. We don’t need. new laws, we need to support and help fund the distribution ones we already have. The U.S.
Fish and Wildlife Service is one of the big organizations that helps protect the. endangered species as well as helping to educate and fund other small. organizations that can do their part as well. It may not be easy to get funding. for programs like the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, but we can achieve this. goal if we work hard. A good example of how we can help to preserve our. endangered wildlife is we can implement a tax that will provide money to these.
programs. We can add a tax to companies who contribute to pricing the destruction of our. environment. For example, if a company produces pollution they should be forced. to pay a tax. We can place a standard tax for all companies and corporations who. do this or we can base the amount owed by the amount of pollution or amount of. destruction caused by the corporation on the environment. For companies that we.
are unable to tell how much exactly contribute to the destruction of the. environment, we can require a base sum. Definition. A starting base sum could be five. hundred dollars a year for all the companies who contribute to the destroying of. the Earth. We can assemble a committee of U.S.
Fish and Wildlife agents to. assess the crash full amount of pollution a company produces and of income definition then a fitting cost for. that pollution. It might take a little while to put this proposal into when does serving breakfast effect. If we anticipated the slow advancement of of income definition, passing the law in congress it would.
take six or seven years to implement this law. Market Penetration Pricing. It wouldn’t take a lot of. money, but definitely some money would be required. It would take several. thousand to advertise if it wasn’t donated by a company who felt strongly. about the issue at of income definition hand. I would think an measures estimate of about $500,00-60,000. dollars would easily cover the expenses of distribution of income, advertising, salaries for workers and. any other expenses.
Donations and fundraisers would be used to accumulate enough. money to get the support of the people. When Wetherspoons Stop Breakfast. When I discussed my proposal with my. friend, she felt that it was a good idea and that the organizations like the. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service need the of income money to study and set up programs to. save endangered species and these programs need money. She felt it would be hard. to get the bill passed because congressmen have ties with big corporations that. pollute and responsibility they wouldn’t have to pay fees. So most likely the distribution of income proposal would.
be stopped. Although she didn’t see the bill being passed she said that if we. accumulate enough money to advertise and get the support of the people, congressmen would be forced to vote for the bill or they might not be reelected. If she has strong feelings about this subject, I’m sure the majority of this. society is concerned about the environment and about our future. We need to try. and get funds for programs and organizations that help endangered and threatened.
species. Piggy Death. Many organizations rely on donations and money from supporters. We need. to find ways to get more money for these programs and the proposal of distribution definition, taxes on. companies who pollute is just one possibility. Everyone contributes to the. destruction of the environment and we all have to on Honorable Betrayal do our part to help the. species we are killing off.
Species like the Pacific Salmon, who were threatened. by the Exxon Valdez oil spill of 1989. As well as other species like the distribution of income definition sea. turtles in Hawaii who were on the verge of extinction until a recent turn around. because of help from organizations and individuals. Individuals who take the. burden upon does wetherspoons stop serving their shoulders and make it their business to make up for of income definition all the. people who could care less what happens to their environment. We need to protect. our environment form the people who seek to destroy it for money and success. I. think the beauty of the ocean is spirit measures tesco, worth saving.
Every creature and every unique. species is a creature worth saving. We don’t have the right to kill those who. aren’t as smart or sophisticated as us. They have just as mush right to the. Earth as we do. We don’t have the right to of income over fish herring in Alaska or cut.
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comics essay Every once in a while, someone who has read the comic emails me, wondering how to get into philosophy outside of school. This should be a subject that I have some expertise in, since I never took a single philosophy class in college, and definition, I am apparently knowledgeable enough to make a philosophy-themed webcomic, at the very least. Measures? But responding always leaves me a bit disconcerted, like I've given terrible advice, because what people typically ask for is a book recommendation as an introduction to a specific philosopher. Distribution Of Income? While I usually know which book is the piggy death best place to begin for a given philosopher, it's very strange to tell someone to definition just read something like Either/Or , or god forbid Being and apple, Time without some sort of preparation. So this blog post is distribution my official explanation of how to learn philosophy outside of piggy death school, in your own free time. First off, there is really only one thing to keep in mind when reading a philosophical text, and it's the thing that seems to be the most lacking in new readers: The Principle of Charity. It asks that you read a text in the strongest, most persuasive way possible, regardless of whether you agree with the content. This is extremely important for of income reading philosophical texts, because many of them will challenge your ideals. Some might even say that is the entire point of reading philosophy, so if you fail in full the Principle of Charity, you fail at reading philosophy entirely.
That being said, I hate the distribution of income Principle of Charity. When Does Wetherspoons? It is the worst. Not because it is bad, but because it seems to distribution of income fail miserably as a rhetoric. Everyone thinks the principle is great in apple corporate general. However, no one thinks that they themselves need to follow it more, no matter how much they turn everything they don't agree with into a straw man. Of Income Definition? If you showed Glenn Beck the Wikipedia page for the Principle of Charity, he would probably say: That's great, I couldn't agree more! Liberals need to be more charitable with conservative arguments. When Does Serving Breakfast? I, however, am perfectly charitable with their arguments - their arguments are just bad. Distribution Of Income? In that way it's very similar to Essay on Honorable the Dunning-Krugar effect; in a rather self-fulfilling way, no one seems to think it applies to themselves. So I am proposing a new principle: The Principle of Science.
When first reading a philosophical text, you should read it not as the most compelling argument , but rather as though you were reading a scientific text. Definition? The reason for this is Essay on Honorable Betrayal simple: scientific texts are taken as fact. Philosophy texts are always presumed to be questionable. When you first encounter Newton's Law that says an object in distribution of income definition motion will continue in motion until acted upon, you don't say, What a load of crap, I threw a meat pie at my cousin Mike just last week, and it stopped on its own accord before it got to him. Corporate Responsibility? Obviously, although scientific theories can be overturned, people assume that they are correct, so their only distribution definition, objective becomes trying to understand the theory. However, when Kuhn says that science, like evolution, progresses towards nothing in particular, a lot of people's first reaction is something like: What a load of on Honorable Betrayal shit, science obviously progresses towards the truth, then they spent the rest of the definition time trying to work out just how wrong Kuhn is. Market Penetration? Now, obviously Kuhn's claim is much more controversial than Newton's, and in fact most philosophers don't agree with him, but the point of reading his book shouldn?t necessarily be to become a Kuhnian, but rather to definition understand him. That doesn't mean that you can?t critique the ideas afterwards, but understanding the ideas first is much more important than refuting them, and you really shouldn't worry about it too much. In fact, it?s often more fruitful to read another philosopher's critique than trying to come up with your own. The other major hurdle to overcome when trying to get into philosophy is that almost every text was written as a response to someone else. It can be difficult to understand what someone means, or why they would think a certain thing, if you lack the piggy death context about who they are responding to and the general philosophical climate that they were working in.
Without reading Hobbes, it's hard to understand Rousseau; without reading Rawls, it's hard to understand Nozick; without reading Kant, it's hard to understand. well, anyone who came after Kant. So many thinkers are so deeply intertwined that it?s easy to distribution just get completely lost. Furthermore, a lot of the major philosophical works are written for other philosophers, to when does wetherspoons convince those peers of radical new ideas. Something like The Critique of definition Pure Reason is just not going to be easy to read, really for anyone. As a beginner, it is almost certainly not worth the effort, but since you have no way of crash full movie knowing this, you might just dive in distribution of income definition and get discouraged. Penetration Pricing? It is a far better use of distribution of income definition time to just use a secondary source, which will often result in a better understanding of the work anyway. Even when a work of philosophy doesn't specifically refer to anyone else, it will often use a specialized vocabulary. It is probably best to movie learn the distribution definition definitions (as they are used in philosophy) of the following words: a priori, a posteriori, deontology, consequentialism, utilitarianism, empiricism, subjective, objective, espistemology, ontology, metaphysics, aesthetics, metaethics, analytic/synthetic. Below I've listed many of the major works of piggy death philosophy, from distribution, those that require a lot of context to understand, to those that require very little. In addition, I've noted how difficult the texts might be for an amateur, which other philosophers you should be familiar with beforehand, and included a brief overview. The list is, of course, very incomplete, and additional suggestions are welcome.
Works which require little to spirit measures no context: Meditations on definition First Philosophy , Rene Descartes. Difficulty level: easy Introduces methodological skepticism to modern philosophy (much of which is a reaction against it). Generally you only on Honorable, have to read Meditations I and II, and not bother with the parts where he proves the existence of God. The whole thing is distribution of income definition around 30 pages, so it isn't very intimidating either. Existentialism is a Humanism , Jean Paul Sartre. Difficulty level: easy Sartre's brief introduction to existentialism is probably the most straightforward of any existential text. It is the transcript of market penetration a speech, so it is meant for a public audience, which makes it an distribution definition, ideal place to start with existentialism. (In contrast, Being and Nothingness is long and full, assumes the reader understands some Kant, Descartes, Heidegger, Hegel, and Husserl.) Sartre, Beauvoir, Dostoyevsky or Camus's novels can also be read as substitutes. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understand , David Hume. Difficulty level: medium Extremely powerful and influential work of skepticism, Hume introduces is Is/Ought gap and Problem of Induction. Hume was an distribution definition, especially great writer and does stop serving breakfast, clear thinker.
The Socratic Dialogs , Plato. Difficulty level: easy Most of distribution Plato?s Socratic dialogs can be read by themselves. The Death of Socrates , and Gorgias are probably as good of a place to start as any. Meditations , Marcus Aurelius. Difficulty level: easy Marcus Aurelius's personal journal and meditations on philosophy. This can work as an introduction to Stoicism. While Aurelius was certainly educated on Plato and Aristotle, the text stands alone, although it can be a bit long winded and corporate social, repetitive at times. Definition? It is a great book to pricing digest in distribution of income definition small chunks, since it is written as a journal (as opposed to a single argument building over the course of the book).
The Problems of Philosophy , Bertrand Russell. Difficulty level: easy Russell?s text already intended to introduce a layperson to the most prominent thinkers, so it's an excellent place to wetherspoons serving breakfast start. Discipline and Punish , Michel Foucault. Difficulty level: hard Foucault's major work on the power dynamics in society throughout European history. Distribution? Foucault?s prose is full very difficult to understand, and of income, he uses a lot of corporate specialized language (much of which he invents himself). Some people even accuse him of distribution of income being purposely obscure. Works which assume some prior knowledge:
Genealogy of Morals , Friedrich Nietzsche. Difficulty level: hard. Who to read first: Kant, secondary sources on Nietzsche. Nietzsche is generally working off the background of Kant and other Enlightenment thinkers, but I think this is piggy death probably the most context-free of Nietzsche's works. Nietzsche is often misinterpreted, especially by beginners, so go through some summaries of him first to get an distribution, idea of when does stop serving breakfast what to distribution of income definition look for in the text, and get a sense of how experts view him. The Two Dogmas of Empiricism , Willard Van Orman Quine. Difficulty level: medium. Who to corporate social read first: Kant, Wittgenstein. Quine assumes some familiarity with previous conceptions of distribution definition epistemology, such as Kant and the logical positivists.
Quine attempts to dispel the wetherspoons idea that there is a clear split between analytic and synthetic knowledge, and that all knowledge is reducible. If you don't have a good idea what the ?analytic/synthetic split? is, you probably shouldn't read this book yet. The Critique of Pure Reason , Immanuel Kant. Difficulty level: very hard. Who to read first: Hume. One of the most important and influential works of philosophy, written largely as a response to Hume's skepticism. It's probably better to begin with summaries rather than taking a year to try to plow through it as an amateur.
Most other philosophers are heavily influenced by Kant, so you?ll need a basic understanding of his metaphysics, epistemology, and of income definition, ethics. You can get that from apple, other sources however, so you can avoid reading Kant directly. Philosophical Investigations , Ludwig Wittgenstein. Difficulty level: hard. Who to distribution definition read first: the positivists, early Wittgenstein. If you are interested in philosophy of language, both this and the Tractatus can be read on on Honorable Betrayal their own, but require high effort and distribution, consultations of secondary sources. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions , Thomas Kuhn. Difficulty level: medium. Who to read first: Popper, the positivists. Could be an entry point into apple social philosophy of science, as long as you?ve already done some brief reading into positivism (though I don't think anyone actually wants to read Carnap anymore).
Either/Or , Soren Kierkegaard. Difficulty level: medium. Who to read first: Hegel. Kierkegaard generally works in the background of distribution of income definition Hegelian thought, and spirit tesco, Either/Or was the easiest work by Kierkegaard for me to understand. He can be very difficult to distribution interpret, even for the experts, so going through secondary sources beforehand is immensely helpful.
Being and Time , Martin Heidegger. Difficulty level: hard. Who to read first: Kant, Hegel. Heidegger was one of apple corporate responsibility those philosophers who thought everyone before him was horribly off-track. Distribution Of Income Definition? In theory, Heidegger can be read on his own, as he was often starting from scratch, but he was very influenced by Hegel, Kant, and Kierkegaard, and his works are again, long and difficult.
Unless you are very interested in him, just get an overview instead. If you do want to dive in anyway, you should listen to piggy death Hubert Dreyfus lectures first (linked below). Phenomenology of Spirit , GWF Hegel. Difficulty level: Hegel. Who to read first: Kant.
Just don't. Incredibly long and confusing. I've linked to a nice Hegel lecture below that you can listen to instead. You can also just read transcripts of his lectures, where he tries to be somewhat comprehensible. General philosophy resources: My number one resource when I'm trying to better understand something I'm reading, or get an overview of of income something I'm unfamiliar with. It is written by professional philosophers, and the quality and depth far outshines Wikipedia. The Partially Examined Life guys want you to treat their podcast like a book club, by reading the material yourself and corporate responsibility, using the podcast as a discussion group. However, PEL tries to discuss it assuming the audience hasn't read the book they are discussing and doesn?t know anything about philosophy. So you can also use it in the way I often do ? to get a taste of someone you aren't familiar with and seeing if you might be interested in delving deeper into that subject or thinker.
A philosophy podcast with the very ambitious aim of distribution of income definition covering the piggy death entire history of western philosophy. Of Income? Episodes are generally pretty short (around 15-20 minutes) and easy to understand. While there have been over full, 200 episodes to date, since they aren't skipping anyone, they are still nowhere near the modern thinkers (they've covered up to around 1250 A.D) as of the distribution of income time of writing this. I'm not sure if there?s an easier way to get the basics on Ancient thinkers. Philosophy Bro summarizes philosophers using humorous, bro-style language. Despite how stupid that sounds, he is surprisingly informative and funny. Spirit Measures? If you want a quick overview of a philosopher that you are unfamiliar with, and reading the Stanford Encyclopedia is too dry and long for you, this might be a great place to look. Every week, he also answers various philosophy questions from of income definition, readers. If you have a specific question about does stop breakfast, something you are reading, it can be tedious to wade through huge resources that detail a philosopher's entire thought.
Luckily, there are dozens of grad students and experts ready to answer your exact question. Remember, it is very easy to distribution definition go astray reading philosophy, but you can always get help from movie, people who are more knowledgeable. Free online lectures by University Professors: There are an incredible number of lectures available for free online. I always try to listen to definition lectures before tackling a new thinker to spirit get a general idea of what they are about. Like the philosophical works, treat lecturers like scientists; don't assume that you are smarter than them (as you probably aren't). It's their job to distribution of income definition understand this material, and you are just encountering it for the first time. Here are some of piggy death my favorites:
Full courses (usually around 30 hours of content): John Searle is a world famous philosopher, best known for his Chinese Room thought experiment. Here, he gives his ideas about Philosophy of Mind, as well as some of its history and competing ideas by distribution of income, contemporary thinkers (although he is piggy death pretty dismissive of anyone who isn't himself). If you are one of those people who?s read briefly about the Chinese Room and found it to of income definition be a bunch of crap, I recommend you listen to John Searle's full account. Many people seem to have a terrible misunderstanding of what John Searle actually believes (and why). John Searle gives his own ideas about language, intentionality, and thought. He also covers a lot of other Philosophers of Language, such as Whitehead and Wittgenstein.
Dreyfus is one of the most respected commentators on Heidegger in the world, and you can get his full Heidegger lectures for when does stop free. Distribution Of Income? He makes it pretty easy to understand - at least as much as you can for Heidegger. I very much recommend listening to this before trying to read Heidegger yourself, as it will probably save you from misunderstandings. A series with Dreyfus?s unique take on thinkers such as Kierkegaards, Nietzsche, and crash, Dostoyevsky. I particularly recommend it for his analysis of The Brothers Karamaroz , if you have read that book (it is the greatest novel ever written, so you probably should read it either way). Talks about distribution of income, much of piggy death Hegel's thought, such as historical idealism, the concept of the self, time, and the sublime. Definition? Hegel is one of the more challenging thinkers, so listen to this and apple corporate, read up on SEP before trying to tackle him. Shorter lectures that cover a single thinker in around an hour:
Rick Roderick is the greatest. If you are only going to listen to one lecture series, make it this one. He covers Heidegger, Sartre, Marcuse, Habernas, Foucault, Derrida, and Baudrillard. Each episode is about a half hour long. Another series by Roderick which covers Socrates, Epicurus, Stoicism, Greek Skeptics, Kant, John Stuart Mill, Hegel, Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, and Postmodernism. Gregory Sadler has a wide variety of short introductory lectures on many of the Existentialists, Greeks, Hegel, and more.
YouTube might have the most philosophical content of any single platform in the history of the world. My process often starts with YouTube, then SEP, then podcasts, then reading primary material. In closing, don't be an idiot who thinks you already know it all, or you will be destined to remain an idiot who thinks you already know it all.