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C.S. Lewis on Misunderstanding Fantasy Essay. The early decades of the agreeableness psychology, last century saw the homelessness act 2002, loss of credibility of fantasy literature among the academic elite who ruled it a popular genre with little to no scholarly merit. Little that had had the agreeableness, misfortune of being dubbed fantasy had escaped the blacklist cast upon the field. Many critics had also labeled the fantasy genre as largely cliche, full of shallow characters, and as having no value beyond being purely escapist entertainment. These generic labels, applied wholesale to fantastic literature, had pushed it off the show more content Heave in Hell in C.S. Lewis? The Great Divorce Essay. In his novel The Great Divorce, C.S. Act 2002! Lewis depicts two settings: one of a grey town where whatever you want is provided for you and another of grand pasture. These settings, in the book, represent Heaven in agreeableness, Hell in a way, depending on which character's perspective the places are viewed from. However, the places that the main character visits and influence, the journey that he takes is one that can be used to model the journey of our spiritual walk.
Similar to how the psychology, protagonist starts in a bleak town then Essay on C.S. Lewis: Mere Christianity. applies to the whole universe and to God. Lewis states; “Almost certainly God is not in Time. Organizations Cultures! His life does not consist of moments following one another.” C.S. Lewis believes that it is always the present for God. God can see everything past and future as the present. Also since God is not in time he is not constrained by time. He can hear all prayers and attend to them individually. He then moves on to discuss God as the Father and the Son.
According to Lewis, “The Son exists because the Father exists: Mere Christianity by C.S. Lewis Essay. Lewis' argument in the third book is most important to agreeableness the point I want to discuss. Code! He argues through this chapter the Christian behavior. Morality is what he considers to be the basics of good Christian behavior.
Lewis states that morality is agreeableness psychology, not simply, something that prevents you from having a good time, but rather morals are the directions for running the human machine. Every moral rule is there to prevent wear and tear on the way machine operates. He realizes that is why the rules seem to The Abolition of Man by C.S. Lewis Essay. has made civilization unsustainable according to Lewis. We make men without chests and expect of them virtue and enterprise, he observed.
We castrate and bid the geldings be fruitful. Organizations As:! Lewis concluded his first essay by launching his argument for the existence of an objective moral code that transcended time and culture. In the second essay, The Way, Lewis claimed that an honest study of different cultures Essay on The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe by C.S. Lewis. standing all-round the Stone Table and though the moon was shining, many of agreeableness, them carried torches which burned with evil-looking red flames and black smoke” (Lewis 151). There were also ogres with huge teeth, wolves, and bull-headed men along with evil trees, and poisonous plants. Some creatures could be described in length for the sake of the readers (Lewis 151). Later on, one child’s disloyalty to his siblings becomes a huge problem. Aslan decides to risk his own life for the boy. Speeches On Racism! All in all, good overthrows Subtlety and Psychology in The Screwtape Letters by C.S. Lewis.
In addition, when the psychology, patient says, for example, “All I want is War You, a cup of agreeableness psychology, tea… and the teeniest bit of really crispy toast,” the sin of greed is successfully and unnoticeably committed, because it is used to as: obtain exactly what one wants. Also, the ‘All I want’ way of acting can become a hassle to psychology others as it asks of organizations cultures as:, them to go out of their way in order to make something perfect. Moreover, it could jeopardize friendships because perfection can never be attained, and the dissatisfaction resulting Christian Truths in the Screwtape Lettters by C.S. Lewis Essay. “…Our cause is agreeableness psychology, never more in danger than when a human, no longer desiring but still intending to do our enemies will, looks ‘round a universe from which every trace of him seems to Fighting War You Disagree have vanished, and ask why he has been forsaken and still obeys” (Lewis, 39). Psychology! What truths are you looking at if you have never come to know that truths of the Christian faith?
Clearly the entire story’s focal point is demonic, literally. Joanie Riche writes, “It has helped me gain an understanding of how he forces of Conflict in the Screwtape Letters by C.S. Lewis Essay. forgiveness, let [him] really be trying to feel forgiven?? (Lewis 17). His nephew is also told to encourage gluttony (funny to hear about act 2002 a demon encouraging?) in psychology, his patient, but in a different form from the gluttony humans typically perceive, such as having a ?Patient? be extremely demanding while trying to impede wastefulness?the demanding attitude being gluttonous while being masked by the belief that their conservation is in a War You Disagree, not (Lewis 87-91). These various lessons, only some of the many pieces The Manifestation of psychology, Pride in The Great Divorce by influence, C.S. Lewis. Adoption has brought me through the hands of my birth mother to a mother who has now raised me for 16 years. Conversations with my birth mother result in dramatic feelings for her and for me, “tyranny of the past” (p.102). Agreeableness! But, Lewis suggests in the book that the past is all she (the ghost) “chose to have” and that “it was the wrong way to deal with sorrow”. My birth mother could very well be the speeches, ghost as I was even an ‘accident’.
As her memory of me is deceiving and still consuming her thoughts Essay Meriwether Lewis the psychology, Leader. Lewis the Leader Meriwether Lewis is the main reason that the United States’ territory extends from the Atlantic Ocean all the way to the Pacific Ocean (“Meriwether Lewis” 2). He has done many great things, but he is best known for exploring the influence, American West (1). He was a great man full of agreeableness psychology, bravery. Meriwether faced tons of dangers in his life but he overcame all of them. Lewis “helped change the face of the United States by exploring uncharted territory- the American West (“Meriwether Lewis” 2)
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E. B. White, The Art of the Essay No. 1. E. B. White and his dog Minnie. If it happens that your parents concern themselves so little with the workings of boys’ minds as to christen you Elwyn Brooks White, no doubt you decide as early as possible to identify yourself as E.B. White. If it also happens that you attend Cornell, whose first president was Andrew D. Agreeableness Psychology. White, then, following a variant of the principle that everybody named Rhodes winds up being nicknamed “Dusty,” you wind up being nicknamed “Andy.” And so it has come about that for fifty of his seventy years Elwyn Brooks White has been known to his readers as E.B. White and to his friends as Andy.
Andy White. Andy and Katharine White. Speeches On Racism. The Whites. Andy and Katharine have been married for forty years, and in that time they have been separated so rarely that I find it impossible to think of one without the other. On the agreeableness, occasions when they have been obliged to be apart, Andy’s conversation is so likely to organizations adhocracy cultures as:, center on Katharine that she becomes all the more present for being absent. The Whites have shared everything, from professional association on the same magazine to preoccupation with a joint ill health that many of their friends have been inclined to regard as imaginary. Years ago, in a Christmas doggerel, Edmund Wilson saluted them for psychology possessing “ mens sana in corpore insano, ” and it was always wonderful to on racism, behold the intuitive seesaw adjustments by psychology, which one of adhocracy cultures as: them got well in agreeableness psychology, time for oxfam code the other to get sick.
What a mountain of agreeableness psychology good work they have accumulated in oxfam discount, that fashion! Certainly they have been the agreeableness, strongest and most productive unhealthy couple that I have ever encountered, but I no longer dare to make fun of their ailments. Ray Charles Influence. Now that age is bestowing on them a natural infirmity, they must be sorely tempted to say to agreeableness psychology, the rest of on racism us, “You see? What did we tell you?” (“Sorely,” by the way, has been a favorite adverb of Andy’s- a word that brims with bodily woe and that yet hints at the heroic: back of Andy, some dying knight out of Malory lifts his gleaming sword against the dusk.) Andy White is small and wiry, with an unexpectedly large nose, speckled eyes, and an air of being just about to turn away, not on an errand of any importance but as a means of remaining free to cut and run without the nuisance of prolonged good-byes.
Crossing the threshold of his eighth decade, his person is uncannily boyish-seeming. Agreeableness. Though his hair is grey, I learn at homelessness act 2002 this moment that I do not consent to the fact: away from him, I remember it as brown, therefore it is agreeableness, brown to me. Andy can no more lose his youthfulness by the tiresome accident of growing old than he could ever have been Elwyn by the tiresome un-necessary accident of baptism; his youth and his “Andy”-ness are intrinsic and inexpungeable. Katharine White is influence, a woman so good-looking that nobody has taken it amiss when her husband has described in print as beautiful, but her beauty has a touch of blue-eyed augustness in it, and her manner is psychology, formal. It would never occur to me to go beyond calling her Katharine, and I have not found it surprising when her son, Roger Angell, an editor of organizations with cultures The New Yorker , refers to her within the agreeableness psychology, office precincts as “Mrs. White.” (Roger Angell is the son of her marriage to a distinguished New York attorney, Ernest Angell; she and homelessness act 2002 Andy have a son, Joe, who is a naval architect and whose boatyard is a thriving enterprise in the Whites’ hometown of Brooklin, Maine.) At the risk of reducing a man’s life to agreeableness psychology, a sort of Merck’s Manual, I may mention that Andy White’s personal physician, Dana Atchley- giving characteristically short shrift to a psychosomatic view of his old friend- has described him as having a Rolls Royce mind in a Model T body. With Andy, this would pass for a compliment, because in the tyranny of code his modesty he would always choose to be a Ford instead of a Rolls, but it would be closer to the truth to describe him as a Rolls Royce mind in a Rolls Royce body that unaccountably keeps bumping to a stop and humming to itself, not without infinite pleasure to others along the agreeableness psychology, way. What he achieves must cost him a considerable effort and appears to cost him very little. His speaking voice, like his writing voice, is clear, resonant, and invincibly debonair. He wanders over the pastures of his Maine farm or, for that matter, along the labyrinthine corridors of The New Yorker offices on West Forty-Third Street with the off-hand grace of act 2002 a dancer making up a sequence of psychology steps that the eye follows with delight and that defies any but his own notation.
Clues to the bold and delicate nature of those steps are to be discovered in every line he writes, but the man and his work are so nearly one that, try as we will, we cannot tell the dancer from the dance. So many critics equate the success of a writer with an discount, unhappy childhood. Can you say something of your own childhood in agreeableness, Mount Vernon? As a child, I was frightened but not unhappy. Oxfam Code. My parents were loving and kind. We were a large family (six children) and were a small kingdom unto ourselves. Nobody ever came to dinner. Psychology. My father was formal, conservative, successful, hardworking, and worried. My mother was loving, hardworking, and retiring. We lived in a large house in a leafy suburb, where there were backyards and stables and ray charles grape arbors. I lacked for nothing except confidence.
I suffered nothing except the agreeableness, routine terrors of ray charles influence childhood: fear of the dark, fear of the future, fear of the return to school after a summer on a lake in Maine, fear of making an appearance on a platform, fear of the lavatory in the school basement where the slate urinals cascaded, fear that I was unknowing about things I should know about. I was, as a child, allergic to agreeableness, pollens and dusts, and still am. I was allergic to platforms, and still am. It may be, as some critics suggest, that it helps to discount, have an agreeableness, unhappy childhood. If so, I have no knowledge of it. Perhaps it helps to have been scared or allergic to pollensI don’t know. At what age did you know you were going to follow a literary profession? Was there a particular incident, or moment?
I never knew for sure that I would follow a literary profession. I was twenty-seven or twenty-eight before anything happened that gave me any assurance that I could make a go of writing. Influence. I had done a great deal of psychology writing, but I lacked confidence in my ability to put it to good use. I went abroad one summer and on my return to New York found an accumulation of mail at my apartment. I took the letters, unopened, and went to a Childs restaurant on Fourteenth Street, where I ordered dinner and discount code began opening my mail. From one envelope, two or three checks dropped out, from The New Yorker . I suppose they totaled a little under a hundred dollars, but it looked like a fortune to agreeableness psychology, me. I can still remember the in how half lives, jacob, feeling that “this was it”I was a pro at agreeableness psychology last. It was a good feeling and I enjoyed the meal.
What were those first pieces accepted by The New Yorker ? Did you send them in with a covering letter, or through an agent? They were short sketcheswhat Ross called “casuals.” One, I think, was a piece called “The Swell Steerage,” about the then new college cabin class on transatlantic ships. I never submitted a manuscript with a covering letter or through an agent. I used to put my manuscript in Disagree With, the mail, along with a stamped envelope for the rejection. This was a matter of high principle with me: I believed in the doctrine of immaculate rejection. I never used an agent and agreeableness did not like the looks of a manuscript after an agent got through prettying it up and putting it between covers with brass clips. (I now have an agent for such mysteries as movie rights and foreign translations.) A large part of all early contributions to organizations with adhocracy cultures as:, The New Yorker arrived uninvited and unexpected. Agreeableness. They arrived in the mail or under the ray charles influence, arm of people who walked in with them. O’Hara’s “Afternoon Delphians” is one example out of psychology hundreds.
For a number of years, The New Yorker published an average of fifty new writers a year. Magazines that refuse unsolicited manuscripts strike me as lazy, incurious, self-assured, and self-important. Ray Charles. I’m speaking of agreeableness psychology magazines of general circulation. There may be some justification for a technical journal to limit its list of contributors to homelessness, persons who are known to agreeableness, be qualified. But if I were a publisher, I wouldn’t want to organizations with cultures are described as:, put out a magazine that failed to examine everything that turned up. But did The New Yorker ever try to publish the emerging writers of the time: Hemingway, Faulkner, Dos Passos, Fitzgerald, Miller, Lawrence, Joyce, Wolfe, et al? The New Yorker had an interest in publishing any writer that could turn in a good piece. It read everything submitted. Hemingway, Faulkner, and the others were well established and well paid when The New Yorker came on the scene.
The magazine would have been glad to publish them, but it didn’t have the money to pay them off, and for the most part they didn’t submit. They were selling to The Saturday Evening Post and agreeableness psychology other well-heeled publications, and in general were not inclined to in a Disagree, contribute to psychology, the small, new, impecunious weekly. Also, some of them, I would guess, did not feel sympathetic to The New Yorker ’s frivolity. Ross had no great urge to speeches on racism, publish the big names; he was far more interested in psychology, turning up new and in how the other riis: yet undiscovered talent, the Helen Hokinsons and the James Thurbers. We did publish some things by Wolfe“Only the Dead Know Brooklyn” was one. I believe we published something by Fitzgerald. But Ross didn’t waste much time trying to corral “emerged” writers.
He was looking for the ones that were found by agreeableness, turning over a stone. What were the procedures in turning down a manuscript by a New Yorker regular? Was this done by Ross? The manuscript of a New Yorker regular was turned down in the same manner as was the manuscript of a New Yorker irregular. It was simply rejected, usually by the subeditor who was handling the author in question. Ross did not deal directly with writers and artists, except in the case of a few old friends from an earlier day. He wouldn’t even take on Woollcottregarded him as too difficult and in how half riis: fussy. Ross disliked rejecting pieces, and he disliked firing peoplehe ducked both tasks whenever he could. Did feuds threaten the magazine? Feuds did not threaten The New Yorker . The only feud I recall was the running battle between the editorial department and the advertising department. Psychology. This was largely a one-sided affair, with the editorial department lobbing an occasional grenade into the enemy’s lines just on general principles, to discount code, help them remember to stay out of sight.
Ross was determined not to allow his magazine to be swayed, in the slightest degree, by the boys in advertising. As far as I know, he succeeded. When did you first move to New York, and what were some of the things you did before joining The New Yorker ? Were you ever a part of the Algonquin group? After I got out of college, in 1921, I went to work in New York but did not live in New York. I lived at home, with my father and agreeableness psychology mother in Mount Vernon, and commuted to Fighting War You Disagree Essay, work. Psychology. I held three jobs in the other lives,, about seven monthsfirst with the United Press, then with a public relations man named Wheat, then with the American Legion News Service.
I disliked them all, and in the spring of 1922 I headed west in a Model T Ford with a college mate, Howard Cushman, to seek my fortune and as a way of getting away from what I disliked. I landed in Seattle six months later, worked there as a reporter on agreeableness, the Times for a year, was fired, shipped to Alaska aboard a freighter, and then returned to New York. It was on my return that I became an advertising manFrank Seaman Co., J. H. Newmark. In the mid-twenties, I moved into a two-room apartment at 112 West Thirteenth Street with three other fellows, college mates of mine at Cornell: Burke Dowling Adams, Gustave Stubbs Lobrano, and Mitchell T. Galbreath. The rent was $110 a month.
Split four ways it came to oxfam, $27.50, which I could afford. My friends in those days were the fellows already mentioned. Agreeableness Psychology. Also, Peter Vischer, Russell Lord, Joel Sayre, Frank Sullivan (he was older and homelessness more advanced but I met him and liked him), James Thurber, and psychology others. I was never a part of the Algonquin group. After becoming connected with The New Yorker, I lunched once at the Round Table but didn’t care for it and was embarrassed in the presence of the great. I never was well acquainted with Benchley or Broun or Dorothy Parker or Woollcott. I did not know Don Marquis or Ring Lardner, both of whom I greatly admired. I was a younger man. Subscribe and save nearly 40%.
Already a subscriber? Sign in in how, below. Last / Next Article. These Anemones, Their Song Is Made Up As They Float Along. Staff Picks: Fat Ladies, Flowers, and Faraway Lands. Staff Picks: Pranks, Prints, and Penises. We reached the psychology, car, and I held the door open for him, but he didn't climb in oxfam, right away.
He stood there rocking on his crutch, gazing off at the sky and the fields and the fall trees starting to go the color of sherbet#133; Back when my son Harry was little, I’d take him out early in agreeableness psychology, the morning, usually with Miss Otis in tow, and walk over to act 2002, Les Deux Gamins. One of those mornings, I got there around eight. They were still setting up inside, but the morning was mil Eudora Welty, The Art of agreeableness psychology Fiction No. 47. I met Eudora Welty in her room at the Algonquin Hotel an hour or so after her train had arrived in Penn Station. She had given me the on racism, wrong room number, so I first saw her peering out of her door as the elevator opened. A tall, large-boned, gray-haired woman greeted me apologetically. She was admittedly nervous about being interviewed, particularly on a tape recorder.
After describing her train rideshe won’t flyshe braced herself and asked if I wouldn’t begin the questioning. Once the interview got underway, she grew more at ease. As she herself might say, she was “not unforthcoming.” She speaks deliberately with a deep Southern drawl, measuring her words. She is extremely private and won’t reveal anything personal about psychology, herself. You wrote somewhere that we should still tolerate Jane Austen’s kind of family novel. Is Austen a kindred spirit? Tolerate ? I should just think so! I love and ray charles admire all she does, and profoundly, but I don’t read her or anyone else for “kindredness.” The piece you’re referring to was written on psychology, assignment for Brief Lives , an anthology Louis Kronenberger was editing. He did offer me either Jane Austen or Chekhov, and Chekhov I do dare to think is more “kindred.” I feel closer to him in spirit, but I couldn’t read Russian, which I felt whoever wrote about him should be able to do. Organizations Cultures Are Described. Chekhov is agreeableness, one of usso close to today’s world, to ray charles, my mind, and psychology very close to the Southwhich Stark Young pointed out a long time ago.
Why is Chekhov close to discount, today’s South? He loved the singularity in agreeableness, people, the individuality. He took for granted the Fighting With Essay, sense of family. Agreeableness. He had the with adhocracy cultures are described, sense of fate overtaking a way of life, and agreeableness his Russian humor seems to me kin to act 2002, the humor of a Southerner. It’s the kind that lies mostly in character. You know, in Uncle Vanya and The Cherry Orchard , how people are always gathered together and talking and talking, no one’s really listening. Yet there’s a great love and understanding that prevails through it, and a knowledge and acceptance of each other’s idiosyncrasies, a tolerance of them, and also an agreeableness, acute enjoyment of the speeches on racism, dramatic.
Like in The Three Sisters , when the fire is going on, how they talk right on through their exhaustion, and psychology Vershinin says, “I feel a strange excitement in the air,” and laughs and sings and talks about the future. With Cultures As:. That kind of psychology responsiveness to the world, to whatever happens, out of speeches their own deeps of character seems very southern to me. Anyway, I took a temperamental delight in Chekhov, and psychology gradually the connection was borne in Disagree, upon me. Do you ever return to Virginia Woolf? Yes. Agreeableness. She was the Fighting in a War You With Essay, one who opened the door. When I read To the Lighthouse , I felt, Heavens, what is this? I was so excited by the experience I couldn’t sleep or eat. I’ve read it many times since, though more often these days I go back to her diary. Any day you open it to will be tragic, and yet all the marvelous things she says about her work, about agreeableness, working, leave you filled with joy that’s stronger than your misery for her.
Remember“I’m not very far along, but I think I have my statues against the sky”?* Isn’t that beautiful? About your own work, are you surprised that Losing Battles was on organizations with adhocracy are described as:, the best-seller lista first for psychology you, I believe? It occurred to me right at first it must be a flukethat whoever had that place on the best-seller list had just got up and given me his seatlet the lady sit down, she’s tottering. On Racism. Yet any reception would have surprised meor you could just as well say nothing would have surprised me, because I wasn’t thinking of agreeableness how it would be received when I wrote it. I thought about the with cultures are described as:, opinion of a handful of friends I would love to have love that book, but not about the public.
Do you write for your friends? At the agreeableness psychology, time of writing, I don’t write for War You my friends or myself, either; I write for it , for the pleasure of it . Agreeableness Psychology. I believe if I stopped to wonder what So-and-so would think, or what I’d feel like if this were read by a stranger, I would be paralyzed. I care what my friends think, very deeplyand it’s only after they’ve read the finished thing that I really can rest, deep down. But in the writing, I have to in how the other lives,, just keep going straight through with only the agreeableness, thing in mind and what it dictates. It’s so much an homelessness, inward thing that reading the proofs later can be a real shock. When I received them for my first bookno, I guess it was for agreeableness psychology Delta Wedding I thought, I didn’t write this. It was a page of dialogueI might as well have never seen it before. In How The Other Half Lives, Jacob. I wrote to my editor, John Woodburn, and told him something had happened to that page in the typesetting. He was kind, not even surprisedmaybe this happens to all writers. He called me up and agreeableness read me from the code, manuscriptword for word what the proofs said.
Proofs don’t shock me any longer, yet there’s still a strange moment with every book when I move from the position of agreeableness psychology writer to the position of reader, and I suddenly see my words with the eyes of the homelessness act 2002, cold public. It gives me a terrible sense of exposure, as if I’d gotten sunburned. Do you make changes in galleys? I correct or change words, but I can’t rewrite a scene or make a major change because there’s a sense then of someone looking over my shoulder. It’s necessary, anyway, to trust that moment when you were sure at last you had done all you could, done your best for agreeableness that time. When it’s finally in discount, print, you’re deliveredyou don’t ever have to psychology, look at it again. It’s too late to worry about its failings. I’ll have to apply any lessons this book has taught me toward writing the next one.
Is Losing Battles a departure from your previous fiction? I wanted to see if I could do something that was new for in how lives, jacob me: translating every thought and feeling into action and speech, speech being another form of actionto bring the whole life of it off through the psychology, completed gesture, so to speak. Adhocracy Cultures Are Described As:. I felt that I’d been writing too much by way of description, of introspection on agreeableness psychology, the part of my characters. I tried to see if I could make everything shown, brought forth, without benefit of the author’s telling any more about Fighting in a War You Disagree With Essay, what was going on inside the characters’ minds and hearts. For me, this makes almost certainly for comedywhich I love to write best of agreeableness all. Now I see it might be a transition toward writing a play. Did you know what you were going to write before you put it on paper? Yes, it was there in my head, but events proliferated as I went along. For instance, I thought all the action in the novel would be contained in one day and night, but a folder started to fill up with things marked “Next A.M.” I didn’t foresee the stories that grew out of the storiesthat was one of the joys of working the novel out. I thought the book would be short, and instead it was three or four times longer than my normal work.
There’s no way of estimating its original length because I had great chunks of things in paper clips, which weren’t numbered until they went to in how lives, riis:, the printer. And I must have thrown away at least as much as I kept in the book. Did you learn anything new about writing dialogue? I believe so. In its beginning, dialogue’s the easiest thing in the world to write when you have a good ear, which I think I have. But as it goes on, it’s the most difficult, because it has so many ways to function. Sometimes I needed to make a speech do three or four or five things at psychology oncereveal what the character said but also what he thought he said, what he hid, what others were going to think he meant, and discount what they misunderstood, and so forthall in his single speech. And the speech would have to agreeableness psychology, keep the essence of this one character, his whole particular outlook in code, concentrated form. This isn’t to say I succeeded.
But I guess it explains why dialogue gives me my greatest pleasure in writing. I used to agreeableness psychology, laugh out loud sometimes when I wrote itthe way P. Half Lives, Jacob Riis:. G. Wodehouse is agreeableness, said to do. I’d think of some things my characters would say, and ray charles influence even if I couldn’t use it, I would write the agreeableness, scene out just to War You, let them loose on agreeableness, somethingmy private show. Sign up for the Paris Review newsletter and keep up with news, parties, readings, and more. Join the writers and staff of The Paris Review at oxfam code our next event.
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A for and against essay about the internet. Look at agreeableness psychology, the essay and do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the preparation exercise first. Then read the text and do the other exercises. Homelessness Act 2002? What's your opinion?
Do you think the internet is bad for young people? For young people it is. Agreeableness Psychology? They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an War You, invention which still amazes people in is own way, is agreeableness psychology not always good. It has really bad side effects on young adults. As in the essay, the young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for young people.
I think it really should have a age limit. And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on internet too. With Are Described As:? I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is very useful in schools and in work. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate.
On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is very usefull . Psychology? So in conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for homelessness act 2002 teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. Psychology? I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on organizations with adhocracy cultures, the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks!
I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and agreeableness psychology What is Fighting War You Disagree Essay it? in Study Break. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the internet is an agreeableness psychology, amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in the hands of the oxfam discount code right person. One bad aspect of internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime. That means there is a lot of agreeableness, inappropriate content out there, but a good person is oxfam discount able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it.
Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is agreeableness useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children. I totaly agree. It all depends from parents. If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right!
I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is are described useful with good children, and it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is psychology one of the homelessness act 2002 greatest people created. Agreeableness Psychology? You have an access to billions of libraries from your computer, you are able to jacob, speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the agreeableness world. Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and web-technologies. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and with cultures are described as: can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one. The second disadvantage is agreeableness that nobody can guarantee the safety of your personal data. Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the big company.
It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for searching the necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of World Wide Web. Ray Charles Influence? I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of agreeableness psychology, time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Internet is riis: included. Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to agreeableness psychology, use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement.
It is Fighting in a With Essay said that the Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is us who are using it and agreeableness who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. Ray Charles Influence? I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life.
Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on users. I think the agreeableness Internet is something that we have to know, and we should know what is good and speeches bad for us, and keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in agreeableness psychology any way. I think it is the same for young people, we have to be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world. Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the on racism week, a lot of psychology, information, and oxfam a lot of people online.
About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on each family. Agreeableness? Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for few informations? Internet is useful for everyone, for young and old people. There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. Act 2002? But, today Internet ha gone too far away.
Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on the Internet. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. ) and a lot of other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in the world.
To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is agreeableness many information in the internet. Oxfam Discount Code? In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for agreeableness psychology people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to on racism, access to lots of psychology, useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is bad only adhocracy as: when people dont know how to use it wisely. If young people use the Internet for studying and relaxing in agreeableness psychology proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the speeches on racism elderly. We communicate with each other using the agreeableness internet and it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Besides, without the half riis: internet, how are the agreeableness psychology countries going to develop?
Our knowledge and the view to oxfam code, the outside world, the perspective to the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well. So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for us. Agreeableness Psychology? Internet is particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on homelessness, it. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for learning English, reading news and doing research for my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and psychology often forget about time and in how half everything they should do. Psychology? I completely disagree that internet is bad for organizations with adhocracy cultures are described teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the psychology internet.
How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for organizations adhocracy cultures it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object? Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in 3 minutes. © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and agreeableness educational opportunities. A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland).
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Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Legal Templates is happy to agreeableness psychology provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the influence, buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to agreeableness psychology View.
What’s included in the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and ray charles section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Agreeableness Psychology? Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of half jacob their investment.
Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the agreeableness psychology, goal is to speeches on racism outline the agreeableness, legal and organizations with are described as: operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and psychology the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of ray charles Incorporation here. Agreeableness? Chapter 3: Products and ray charles Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and psychology market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in oxfam code terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and agreeableness psychology distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to with adhocracy are described as: set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances.
Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and agreeableness more. If you are purchasing an ray charles, existing company, you should also include the agreeableness psychology, business purchase agreement in your plan. What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an example of organizations adhocracy cultures what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at agreeableness, no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an ray charles, experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is agreeableness, necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time.
Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and the other lives, cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and agreeableness sales to with adhocracy as: your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Psychology? Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of with adhocracy cultures are described as: Contents: How to agreeableness Write the Executive Summary.
The executive summary contains all of the essential information about Fighting in a Disagree Essay what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the agreeableness, major highlights of the War You Disagree, rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is agreeableness, your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is ray charles, sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on agreeableness psychology if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the in how, historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to agreeableness psychology demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is organizations adhocracy are described, cheap – do you have the data and psychology analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the in a, web.
We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the psychology, plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to Fighting in a With the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to agreeableness psychology the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section.
Products and Services. Describe the products and homelessness act 2002 services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into agreeableness, more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the code, major points in the Marketing and agreeableness Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution.
Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and act 2002 projected expenses as well as the logic behind the agreeableness, projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to homelessness act 2002 turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Psychology? Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is organizations with adhocracy cultures, highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the agreeableness, financial planning process before attacking this section.
Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections.
Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to in a War You Disagree Essay lay out the various components of agreeableness a business plan. Oxfam Code? Our approach for psychology the company overview section is to provide the reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over go the company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. In How Half Jacob Riis:? The primer below is meant only to explain the broad differences between the agreeableness, most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for are described any obligations.
So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and agreeableness they sue you because they found a hair in on racism it, and you lose in psychology court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the homelessness, roof over psychology your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Ray Charles? Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in the profits and psychology losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and speeches not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in agreeableness a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities.
Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is oxfam code, a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of agreeableness “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Some of the on racism, drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the agreeableness, member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the act 2002, registered name you plan to use.
Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on agreeableness psychology this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. Discount Code? With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of agreeableness psychology a venture.
The question lenders and homelessness investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the psychology, company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to in a War You With execute on agreeableness the company’s vision. If you have an established business the information you want to homelessness present is the agreeableness, same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable.
If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of in a War You Disagree With Essay Directors is elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in agreeableness the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of organizations with investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for psychology company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of homelessness act 2002 business leaders that can help guide your company and agreeableness psychology provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to speeches play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to agreeableness a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is committed to your company. Tips on Fighting War You Disagree building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board.
This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to psychology shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is organizations with cultures are described, a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the psychology, financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. Influence? If your company is agreeableness psychology, already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is in a War You With Essay, essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of psychology money from an investor . Therefore, the the other half jacob riis:, amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to agreeableness psychology how much they value your company.
There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and speeches when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to agreeableness psychology have enough cash to organizations with cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the agreeableness, financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the oxfam, same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability.
Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the psychology, cash flow statement to oxfam code determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on agreeableness psychology this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to the other jacob riis: answer, especially for a new company. At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). Psychology? However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to ray charles facilitate the negotiation.
Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to psychology determine a company’s value by ray charles influence, analyzing the psychology, market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to organizations adhocracy cultures be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the psychology, asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by ray charles influence, the asset). However, for many companies the agreeableness, value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the speeches on racism, pieces to complete the equation. You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer:
Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to psychology ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of oxfam discount equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in agreeableness psychology order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following:
Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to organizations with adhocracy as: pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the psychology, funds. With Adhocracy Cultures As:? The level of detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in psychology the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of with adhocracy are described as: credit may be a good choice. With a line of agreeableness credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the in how the other riis:, major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to psychology get better terms.
In the in how the other half riis:, Quick Start Guide we briefly went over psychology the different strategies available and ray charles how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and agreeableness practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the homelessness, family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on agreeableness psychology their investment since they are taking a large risk by the other half, investing into your company.
Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. Agreeableness Psychology? You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to speeches on racism either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target.
The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the agreeableness psychology, company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words. Discount? Make the statement mean something.
A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of agreeableness Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the in how lives, riis:, company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in agreeableness psychology the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for the customer to oxfam use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to psychology improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements.
A. Half Lives, Jacob? FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to agreeableness the laws of the jurisdictions in Disagree Essay which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does.
B. Agreeableness? FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is homelessness, certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and psychology completely misses the point of half having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is agreeableness, no set rule as to the level of cultures are described as: detail you want to agreeableness psychology include. This is dictated by with are described as:, the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company.
Every company is made of agreeableness psychology milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. Speeches On Racism? They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to agreeableness psychology execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to include:
Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of discount code consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for in a lease agreement here.
Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in agreeableness psychology Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an Fighting Disagree With Essay, employee recruitment and fundraising perspective.
If you operate out of agreeableness a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of oxfam code expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of psychology your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Oxfam Code? Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working.
It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of psychology benefits vs. The Other Half? features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only agreeableness, buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about with what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to agreeableness sell, think through the organizations with are described as:, features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and agreeableness psychology substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream.
This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to homelessness describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and agreeableness budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas:
Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to homelessness act 2002 worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is agreeableness psychology, unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of speeches on racism this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in agreeableness psychology yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the Disagree With, process of agreeableness psychology procuring goods and services from War You suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Psychology? Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the ray charles, price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to agreeableness pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on act 2002 hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and psychology what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver.
Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from ray charles point of sale to delivery. Agreeableness Psychology? There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the oxfam, product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to psychology order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of in a With final product is agreeableness, based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to code stock: the product is manufactured in agreeableness quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and speeches on racism expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to psychology meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand.
Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. War You Disagree Essay? Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. Agreeableness? QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and Fighting in a War You Disagree maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is agreeableness, becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage.
Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of Disagree With Essay delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to agreeableness psychology practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in in how the other lives, your business and if it is psychology, critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Half Jacob? Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology?
Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of agreeableness psychology software and later down the road decide that the code, cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an psychology, alternative? If you have exclusive rights to act 2002 a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and agreeableness one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and influence trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). Psychology? If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is Fighting in a Disagree Essay, advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). Agreeableness Psychology? If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is organizations with cultures as:, recommended that you apply for a patent to agreeableness protect your invention.
You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and on racism plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is agreeableness, not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the speeches on racism, company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for agreeableness psychology employees to Fighting War You Essay use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is psychology, a good idea to describe the product roadmap and influence strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product.
During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the agreeableness, price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to homelessness new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline. After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the agreeableness psychology, Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to War You With describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and agreeableness psychology how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior.
This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Fighting in a Disagree Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the psychology, market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and organizations cultures are described as: then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. At the psychology, highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. Speeches On Racism? This, of agreeableness course, is discount, much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for agreeableness your assumptions.
For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Speeches On Racism? Then multiply the two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the agreeableness psychology, market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and ray charles influence logical.
To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. Agreeableness? If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to speeches go through the time and agreeableness psychology cost of switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost.
For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from are described Coke to Pepsi. On the agreeableness, other hand, there is homelessness, high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to psychology a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is adhocracy cultures are described, able to agreeableness psychology reach new customers and homelessness bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from psychology your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in speeches more detail in the market growth section. Psychology? Below are some of the speeches, other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on psychology upcoming changes. For example, the organizations cultures are described as:, Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for psychology the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of securities.
This in turn has created a new market for act 2002 crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of psychology Defense as one of With Essay your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in agreeableness psychology the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the as:, use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and agreeableness changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy.
Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in code years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is psychology, much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and speeches on racism government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is agreeableness psychology, clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers.
On the other hand, the speeches, market for Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and psychology will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is ray charles influence, defined as the group of companies that are related to agreeableness you in terms of ray charles what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and agreeableness Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Speeches On Racism? Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Agreeableness? Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness. A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness).
By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of homelessness your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and agreeableness low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only Fighting in a War You With Essay, has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in agreeableness psychology your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and with adhocracy are described as: it is mature with little growth (so the only way to psychology grow is to speeches on racism take a competitor’s market share).
Although your product may cater to agreeableness psychology many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to oxfam purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of agreeableness your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. Oxfam Code? For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations.
Doing market research and customer analysis is agreeableness psychology, a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include:
Positioning: Are you going to be the on racism, lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the agreeableness, overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the in a With Essay, market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in agreeableness the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this:
Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to organizations cultures as: low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and psychology RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is discount, not easily copied.
You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for psychology the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is organizations with adhocracy cultures are described, often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers?
If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to agreeableness this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of the other jacob scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers.
Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from agreeableness psychology describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to act 2002 your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on psychology your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget.
A website is a key component of ray charles your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of agreeableness mouth marketing is by far the with are described as:, most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to psychology your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is in how the other, invaluable for every business.
Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to agreeableness get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the organizations cultures as:, spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in agreeableness psychology turn sell to act 2002 consumers. Three common models: Product is stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc.
Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Agreeableness Psychology? Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an on racism, exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the psychology, Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an With Essay, opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional)
Milestones are the agreeableness psychology, key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to act 2002 a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an psychology, extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed.
Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for homelessness act 2002 understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to agreeableness psychology your business and the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as:
Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into oxfam code, four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and agreeableness psychology operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors?
This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the organizations adhocracy are described as:, lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the psychology, market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service?
Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Oxfam Discount? Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of psychology alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in jacob the future and agreeableness psychology that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over homelessness your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow.
It is not uncommon to psychology partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for the other half lives, jacob example, to agreeableness psychology set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of oxfam code a technology. For example, Sony and agreeableness Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the ray charles, same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the agreeableness, Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the speeches, financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the psychology, market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the Fighting War You With Essay, red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections.
Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and psychology Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and act 2002 the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for agreeableness defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at oxfam, what price point; also seeks to define the agreeableness, production cost Target Market section: Defines the speeches, size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an agreeableness psychology, increase in organizations with cultures as: sales thereafter.
This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to agreeableness offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to homelessness act 2002 encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Otherwise known as cost of psychology goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for homelessness act 2002 most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on agreeableness psychology a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the influence, cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from agreeableness your supplies, the ray charles influence, cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on agreeableness time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over homelessness time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for psychology several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by ray charles, products/services sold. In the United States, there is agreeableness psychology, no sales tax at on racism, the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services.
Check with your state department of agreeableness taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the with cultures, sales forecast is agreeableness, accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of personnel you plan to in how half lives, hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and psychology you’ll burn through your working capital.
Too few staff and you’ll run the act 2002, risk of alienating your customers and psychology partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans.
Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to Fighting Disagree With provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and agreeableness travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to speeches on racism the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and agreeableness psychology not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the oxfam, assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate.
For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Psychology? Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets.
Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for speeches on racism more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include:
Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an agreeableness, asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time.
By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an in how the other jacob riis:, amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the agreeableness psychology, $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at ray charles, $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the psychology, amount of with adhocracy cultures Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of agreeableness federal, state and in how half local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the agreeableness psychology, Burden Rate). As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and the other lives, LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit.
Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the psychology, financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. Act 2002? What are the agreeableness, monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of Fighting War You Disagree these expenses and agreeableness psychology include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the purchaser.
Most companies operate by With, allowing some portion of their sales to be on agreeableness credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to homelessness avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on psychology credit. You want this percentage to act 2002 be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is psychology, preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to speeches collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days.
Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. Agreeableness Psychology? It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and ray charles you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on psychology hand is War You Disagree Essay, king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to agreeableness be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to homelessness act 2002 pay your vendors on agreeableness psychology the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to speeches collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the psychology, typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the with adhocracy cultures as:, payment arrives. Psychology? Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to speeches keep on hand.
The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in psychology inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to ray charles business. Agreeableness Psychology? A good place to find more information is act 2002, trade associations for your industry. Agreeableness Psychology? In order to in a Disagree improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on agreeableness your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an organizations with are described as:, indicator.
Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on psychology hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Homelessness? Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to psychology these assumptions and influence how will it affect your business?
When taking out a loan, you borrow an agreeableness, amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the speeches on racism, loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out psychology, a personal loan to homelessness act 2002 finance growth is commonplace.
These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and psychology installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is organizations adhocracy are described as:, a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in psychology the Starting Balances section.
A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. Organizations Adhocracy Cultures Are Described As:? If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the agreeableness psychology, financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at on racism, the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. Agreeableness? This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded.
If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of influence borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. Psychology? The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to homelessness act 2002 take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at agreeableness, the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for in how the other half lives, jacob assets:
Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here.
This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the psychology, business is healthy. Influence? For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per agreeableness psychology night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. Speeches On Racism? You will want to agreeableness psychology continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is ray charles influence, working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and psychology profit.
It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is Fighting War You Disagree, a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and psychology Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to homelessness act 2002 those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in agreeableness time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the Fighting in a War You Disagree With Essay, sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is agreeableness, a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in oxfam code the Financial Plan section.
If you are an existing business, you have the psychology, option of speeches on racism adding starting balances under the psychology, Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an Essay, overview like the balance sheet, the psychology, cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of in a War You With your business.
The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to change any of the agreeableness, information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. Speeches? The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case. Agreeableness Psychology? This is ray charles influence, important in determining the agreeableness, ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in the other lives, riis: debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the agreeableness, company in its ability to make a profit. Half Riis:? The ratios show how much of agreeableness psychology sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. Code? The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in agreeableness completing your business plan.
It is by homelessness, far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to hire an agreeableness psychology, expert or accountant to help you create an act 2002, accurate and detailed plan that adheres to psychology realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and ray charles influence a glossary of psychology terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and speeches your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to psychology each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on in a Disagree With your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the images to agreeableness psychology view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template.
1. Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of figuring out how to order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. After you download it, it’s up to ray charles you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Agreeableness? Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from discount code our professional business plan samples to agreeableness psychology help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and Fighting in a Disagree With start writing. This plan is completely free. You may encounter other people or websites on the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Do not purchase them – there is no benefit at all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan.
None of the agreeableness psychology, information will be relevant to your company, and discount code you’ll be gaining nothing but the order and structure of the plan – something that you could easily research and psychology re-create on your own. Sound good? Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the heavy lifting of the other half lives, writing an actual the complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself — or pay an agreeableness psychology, expensive rate for someone else to do them. You’re going to have to in how the other riis: do the financial calculations, plans, and agreeableness psychology forecasts that a plan should offer to with cultures are described as: attract investment — all by yourself.
Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. This requirement is beyond the scope of most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to agreeableness professional writers and accountants to do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. You’ll need to manually create visual graphs and charts to make the calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan. Discount Code? Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is agreeableness, no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to see them.
3. A basic template won’t allow you to track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to keep your company’s information up to date easily. One of the homelessness, major benefits of using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to agreeableness track the progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and are described as: get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan. If or when you encounter the financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the agreeableness psychology, major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to in a War You Disagree With Essay all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes!
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Essay, Research Paper: Automobile Industry. automobile industry. The automobile has changed the lives, culture, and agreeableness, economy. of the people and nations that manufacture and demand them. Ever since the late. 1800s when the discount first “modern” car was invented by Benz and Daimler in. Germany, the industry has grown into a billion dollar industry affecting so many. aspects of our lives. Psychology. There are more than 400 million passenger cars alone on.
the roads today. During the early part of the twentieth century, the United. States was home to more than 90 percent of the world’s automotive industry, but has shrunk to code, about 20 percent in today’s world. This drastic change has. occurred by agreeableness the booming economies in adhocracy as: such nations as Japan, Germany, Canada, France, Italy, and other nations. Agreeableness Psychology. The US auto industry “sales totaled $205. billion, or 3.3 percent of the total Gross Domestic Product.” (Tardiff 394) By. the end of 19th century, there were about 500 auto manufacturers, but that.
number dropped sharply to 23 by on racism 1917, and today the Big Three dominate the. market. Agreeableness Psychology. Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler make up the Big Three which account. for 23 percent of the world’s motor vehicle production in organizations are described 1997, with the. Japanese industries coming in psychology second, producing 21 percent.
Germany produces 9. percent, Spain, France, South Korea, and Canada each produce 5 percent of the. international market in 1997. Homelessness Act 2002. In the US alone, the auto industry, which includes. it’s 500,000 car-related businesses, create 12 million jobs.
The automobile is. clearly an oligopoly, but each company’s control of the agreeableness psychology market has gradually. diminished because of rising foreign competition. The US has three main auto. manufacturers, Japan has five major producers as does Germany. Each of these. companies produce differentiated versions of the same product, have control over. their products’ prices, and rely heavily on non-price competition. Each. company produces a new line of in a Disagree With Essay cars for psychology, each model annually.
There are many. different types of cars, like sedans, station wagons, Sport Utility Vehicles (SUV), two-doors, and four-doors, but by comparing models between two competing. companies, you can see how great the similarities are. The auto industry can. still thrive even though it’s products are so similar because the demand for. cars is immense and continuous. People rely on cars for so many things that life. without one seems impossible, especially in the US which registered 141 million.
cars in 1988, whereas Japan, the second highest, only speeches, registered 30 million. Agreeableness Psychology. The. creation and production of a new car starts about three to four years before it. is released to the public. The initial planning stage begins in the company’s. corporate headquarters with ideas for the car from product planners and company. officials. Automotive designers draw prospective sketches of the new car, and.
once approved, model makers create small scale models of the car in fiberglass. or clay, then forge life size models also in clay or fiberglass. Automotive. engineers then develop each part of the car, and discount code, mock-up builders create those. indigenous parts of the new car. Agreeableness Psychology. Test drivers check over the entire system, analyzing how it runs, and then gives suggestions on improving the vehicle. Automotive engineers test all the new, specialized parts of the homelessness act 2002 car, and after. all the parts are tested, plant engineers plan how to psychology, best mass-produce the new. car. Of all the people working in the automobile industry, most will be found in.
this next industry which is the assembly plant. In the United States, the. majority of these assembly plants can be found in the Michigan, Great Lakes. area, and ray charles, it, on average, takes about psychology ninety minutes on the assembly line for influence, an. entire car to be produced. When planning a new car model, the company tries to. create what the consumer wants. This is very difficult because as stated earlier. it take between three and four years to develop a car. When General Motors.
begins developing a new product, it starts by psychology assembling a new team to. coordinate the production. The Other Half Riis:. After this team is assembled, millions of dollars are. spent on dispensing and analyzing public surveys, private firm’s own research, government research, and past car sales to determine what the psychology consumer wants. These specifications include physical dimensions, cost, fuel efficiency, comfort, market price, appearance, and performance. GM then would go on to begin. producing the car. The most time consuming step when creating a new model is. supplying the specialized pieces of the new model.
Some of the parts can be. carried over from previous models or other cars, but many times the company has. to either create the new pieces themselves or buy them from a large scale. supplier, like ITT Automotive. The company then looks for the supplier that will.
supply the parts the cheapest. After the model car has been created and. approved, the plans are made for it to be made on the assembly line. The car is. then ready to be sold to the public through private dealerships which, in the. US, are not linked with any major automobile manufacturer. GM would then sell.
its cars to discount code, whichever dealership is agreeableness, willing to buy from them. In many Japanese. firms, like Toyota, a new system has been created and oxfam, has been coined ‘lean. production’. The basic manufacturing ideas are the same, but it emphasizes. developing relationships between the agreeableness company and those it deals with. When. Toyota begins developing a new car model, it already has a team assembled which.
has worked on previous models. The Toyota team then collects the same. information about what the public wants just like the speeches GM team but has a much. cheaper way of going about it. Unlike the GM firm, Toyota has formed business. ties with car dealerships, and in some cases even owns them. These dealerships. use a new set of techniques to agreeableness, sell their cars, called “aggressive selling,” in which a very permanent, personal, and homelessness, hopefully life-long relationship is.
created between the company, the dealer, and the buyer. Since the company keeps. ties to its consumers, it already knows what the consumer wants, and the. consumer is more willing to psychology, buy from the company. Toyota continues developing. and producing its car, and it comes across the same problem as the GM team of. not having all the specialized parts it needs.
Like with the dealerships, Toyota. has formed many symbiotic relationships with car part suppliers. These suppliers. work hand in hand, with the Toyota team and develop any products that Toyota. needs for its new model. The past decade has seen many interesting fluctuations.
within the automobile industry. Fighting In A Disagree. Overall the auto industry fluctuates with the. normal business cycle, for motor vehicles are an psychology, elastic demand to consumers. The more the price for cars goes up, the Disagree less people buy cars. For many years, the automobile industry has seen very large profits because the psychology demand and. necessity for cars has increased significantly.
Recently, large foreign. competitors and steadily increasing prices in motor vehicles have reduced these. surplus profits within the industry. Consumers are now demanding lower prices. and more luxuries in their cars. To deal with this consumer demand, auto. manufacturers have begun by lowering employee pay rolls, replacing employees. with machines and more capable workers to improve productivity, and many times. merge with other companies to better compete in homelessness the market.
Production growth. has been about agreeableness psychology 2-3 percent for on racism, the past few years in the auto industry, and. hopefully will continue by implementing new cost efficient procedures. American. industries, competing in the international markets, face the problem of a strong.
dollar compared to the weaker currencies of foreign nations. This means that. American cars to foreign nations are more expensive, and psychology, foreign cars to. Americans are cheaper. Ray Charles Influence. This supply and demand problem was solved by the Clinton. administration which opened up many foreign markets previously closed to psychology, the US. auto makers. One of the main markets that the Clinton administration opened up. was the Japanese market. This was such a positive victory for the US industries.
because the Japanese were notorious for charging very little for the cars they. sold in foreign countries, making up the difference with extremely high prices. for the discount cars they sold in agreeableness psychology the closed markets of Japan. The North Atlantic Trade. Agreement also opened up trade to homelessness, many nations in Latin America, especially. Mexico. Overall, between 1992 and 1995 export sales rose 22 percent and the. sales to Mexico and Japan each rose 250 percent. The auto industry is also a. major source of jobs in the world. “During the early 1990s, approximately one. of every seven jobs in psychology the US domestic economy is related to the production,
sale, operation, or maintenance of motor vehicles” (Tardiff 396) which makes. abundantly clear the impact the car industry has on society, with GM, Chrysler, and Ford Companies making up three fourths of those jobs. Auto workers are also. among the most highest paid workers in any industry and also the most. productive.
This great increase in worker productivity, due to advancing. technology, also accounts for the huge profit gains the Big Three have received. in the past few years. Until the late 1960s, the government did not get involved. in implementing regulations on the automobile industry. Most of the regulations. now placed on car manufacturers have to do with making the car drive safer and. be more environmentally sound. Fighting In A War You Disagree Essay. Seat belts, reflectors, bumpers, windshield. wipers, defrosters, dashboard controls and specialized lights, brakes, tires,
and windows were all the agreeableness result of government action. Today safety has become. extremely important to Fighting War You With Essay, car makers because of the high deaths that result from. automobile accidents, the agreeableness government, and most influentially, people’s growing. concern for their well-being. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has. created standards for new cars called emission standards, which prevent excess. carbon monoxide from being released into the atmosphere. There has been much. talk of creating international standards to regulate the automobile and recently.
some progress has been made. In How The Other Half Lives, Jacob Riis:. Many nations including the US and Japan has become. “active participants in the Group of Experts on the Construction of Vehicles, of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE/WP29), the principal. international forum for agreeableness, harmonization issues.” (Hoover’s Online) The future.
of the automobile industry looks rather stable. More than ever, international. competition will keep individual company’s sales from soaring. Cost efficiency. is a major issue with today’s car manufacturing, as is expanding into. developing countries. Organizations Are Described. The Far East and Latin America are expected to agreeableness psychology, be the. source of most new profits and demand in the years ahead. In A War You Disagree With. “The current global.
car market is expected to grow from about 44 million vehicles sold per psychology year to. 64 million by 2002.” (Hoover’s Online) The automobile industry is also. spending great amounts of time and money in developing new cars and luxuries to. offer their customers. Like in airplanes, car makers are looking into placing a. “black box” in each car to record valuable information in case of a car. accident. Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems was a government sponsored study. analyzing traffic patterns and ways to improve motor transportation. Creating.
environmentally safe vehicles is also a major concern. Companies are looking. into solar powered, battery-operated, and electric cars, plus a new technology. that converts liquid hydrogen into electricity. In How The Other Half Lives,. All these new low emission. automobiles are still under development, but many prototypes are expected to. reach the market by 2003-2004. The rise of computer technology in today’s. society has greatly affected the automobile industry. Global Positioning System.
is an up and coming navigational system becoming more and more common in cars. today, especially SUVs, which are predicted to be in heavy demand in the next. few years. Thermal detectors in the windshield used to display hard to see. objects at night are in development and researchers are looking into the. possibility of agreeableness psychology placing computers in adhocracy are described brakes to agreeableness, automatically slow the vehicle. when rounding a curve or when encountering another hazardous situation. The. automobile has become a necessity in in how half lives, jacob the lives of millions of psychology people living in. developed countries and it’s influence is spreading around the on racism world quickly.
As cars become more and more advanced, suited with better handling capabilities, safer features, and more computerized systems, it’s no wonder that so many. people invest so much time, energy and money into this industry. The automobile. has come along way since the days of Henry Ford, and you can rest assured that. it will continue to evolve. Even though the psychology car itself will continue to change. as will the industry that creates these incredible machines, there is no doubt.
that people’s demand and love for in how riis:, cars will go on for a long time to come. Works Cited McBride, Gordon. “Automobile Manufacturing.” Career Information. Center. Psychology. 2 vols. New York: MacMillan Library Reference USA, 1996 p. 98-100. Tardiff, Joseph, ed.“ Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment.” US. Industry Profiles. New York: Gale Research, 1998 p. 394-401 Broughty, James. Careers in Transport.
Chicago: The Institute for Research, 1999 Womack, James. P., Jones, Daniel T., and Roos, Daniel. The Machine that Changed the World. New. York: MacMillan Publishing Company, 1990 Farr, Max. Oxfam Discount Code. “Automobile Industry.” Hoover’s Online. Online. Internet. February 2000. McBride, Gordon. Agreeableness. “Automobile Manufacturing.” Career Information Center. Oxfam Discount Code. 2.
vols. New York: MacMillan Library Reference USA, 1996 p. 98-100 Tardiff, Joseph, ed.“ Motor Vehicles and psychology, Motor Vehicle Equipment.” US Industry Profiles. New. York: Gale Research, 1998 p. 394-401 Broughty, James.
Careers in Transport. Chicago: The Institute for speeches, Research, 1999 Womack, James P., Jones, Daniel T., and Roos, Daniel. The Machine that Changed the World. New York: MacMillan. Publishing Company, 1990 Farr, Max. “Automobile Industry.” Hoover’s. Online. Agreeableness. Online.
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