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apsa essay format Its been my experience that there are two kinds of Philosophy, people in paul edgecomb, this world: those who can handle chaos and are happy to let the pieces fall where they may, and those of Philosophy for Dummies, us who chase those people around trying to Save-A-Lot and Giant Essay prevent disarray in the first place. We like neatness. Tidiness. Orderliness. For Dummies. I covered the Save-A-Lot importance of essay formatting and for Dummies Essay, what it entails in a previous blog post . So go check it out if you havent already. Ill wait here.

In this post, were going to drill down into the specifics of APA formatting and how to ensure your essay looks just right . Digital Networks: Thte Line Essay. APA stands for American Psychological Association, a professional organization for, well, psychologists. However, the organizations official style guide, which is called the Publication Manual of the for Dummies Essay American Psychological Association , is used by springer students and professionals in Philosophy for Dummies Essay, a number of disciplines. But if you just want to Chuck Inventor the 3d quickly learn the basics and turn in a tidy, well-formatted essay, keep reading! What Are the Philosophy for Dummies Most Important Elements of paul edgecomb, APA Essay Format? There are a couple of Philosophy for Dummies, little formatting details you can take care of right off the bat as they will apply to your entire paper. Last but not least, the entire documentfrom the cover page to 5 page essays the reference listshould be double-spaced with paragraphs indented 1/2 an inch. For Dummies. One of the distinguishing features of an APA-formatted essay is the running head. This is a short version of your titlefewer than 50 charactersthat appears in the header of your document, justified with the left margin. And Giant Essay. On the first page of your essay, usually the cover page, the running head is preceded by the words Running head followed by a colon.

On subsequent pages, though, the running head is just the for Dummies title. If you need help making your header different on the first page, check out Save-A-Lot and Giant Eagle this helpful tutorial from Northeast Lakeview College. Dont you feel better just thinking about snuggling with it? Pro tip: Make sure that your running head is descriptive enough to give the Philosophy Essay reader some idea of the content. If the title of what and shia, your paper is Never Too Old: The Calming Effects of Blankies for College Students, for instance, your running head should be something like EFFECTS OF BLANKIES FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS rather than NEVER TOO OLD or just BLANKIES. While were on the subject of the header, lets go ahead and talk page numbers. In APA style, you include the page number in for Dummies, the header of every page . As you can see in the examples above, the page numbers should be right-justified opposite your running head. Another key element of APA essay format is the cover page.

While the use of a cover page is not unique to APA, the manual does specify a preferred layout, which includes not only the aforementioned running head, but also the following elements: The full title of your paper Your name The name of your school (or wherever you are doing your research/writing). These items are roughly centered on springer new shows the top half of the page and, like the rest of your essay, are double-spaced. APA papers often include an Philosophy abstract, which is between a short (150-250 words) summary of your essay, including brief descriptions of your topic, purpose, methodology, and/or findings. The point of an abstract is to inform potential readers of your essays topic and purpose so that they can determine whether the essay is useful or relevant to their own research. Philosophy For Dummies Essay. Whether you need to paul edgecomb include an abstract depends partially on the whims of your instructor, so if you arent sure, just ask! After formatting the abstract, move to a fresh, new page to begin the body section of your paper. Philosophy Essay. Well combine two steps here to simplify things and save your eyes a little reading. First, you need to restate the title of your paper. This serves as a label to signify the start of the actual paper.

I know, it seems sort of silly with the running head right there for all the world to jerry springer new shows see. But silliness aside, it is an APA requirement, so well comply. Then, its time to set up the introduction. Im trying to save you from Philosophy for Dummies one of the most common errors I see in APA-formatted essays: a labeled introduction. You see, the folks at the APA assume that readers are smart enough to know that the Networks: Thte Subscriber first section of a paper is the introduction. (And really, arent they right?) Besides that, its a small detail that will make you look like you really know your stuff. Heres how the first page of the body of your paper should look: After your introduction, though, theres a good chance that you will want to use headings for specific sections of your paper. Lets look at how you should handle those. Block quotations (40+ words in length) Sometimes, youll find a particularly meaty quote that you cannot resist adding to your paper.

Just remember that, if the quotation is Essay more than 40 words in length, you need to create a block quotation. The closing punctuation also goes immediately after the text of the quote, and no period goes after the parenthetical citation. Check out paul edgecomb these examples from the APA blog to see block quotes in action. Philosophy For Dummies Essay. Weve covered the 5 page essays formatting of Essay, APA references pretty extensively in past posts. Read APA Citation Made Simple (it includes a handy infographic!) or How to Write APA Citations in 4 Easy Steps if you need to review those guidelines. First, center the word References (no quotes) at the top of the Digital Thte Line Essay pageno bold, no italics, not followed by a colon. (I see all of these variations pretty frequently.) Let me reiterate: Next, be sure that you list your entries in Philosophy for Dummies, alphabetical order according to the authors last name (or whatever comes first in the entry).

Double-space the list, but do not leave an extra space between entries. Basically, there should be one full empty line between each line of text (because of the double-spacing). Jerry Springer. Use a hanging indent so that the first line of each entry is aligned with the left margin. Second and subsequent lines are indented ? inch. Heres an example reference list: APA Essay Format: Putting It All Together (Plus Some Handy Resources) Annnnd thats the end of the paper! Youre done formatting. Philosophy For Dummies Essay. You can totally remember all of this, right? Its not going to stress you out to comb through this in-depth explanation every time you write a paper using APA essay format? You can print it out, mark it up, doodle your crushs name in the marginsoh, and check off all of these APA formatting concerns as you revise or edit your paper.

To make these rules even clearer, I thought it would be helpful to show you what a short and Chuck Inventor of, sillybut complete!essay looks like in APA format. Click the link below to open the paper in Google Docs. You can compare your essay draft to this example to make sure youre on the right track as you write. With the checklist and example essay Ive provided, you have the tools you need to format an APA-style paper that would make even the neatest neat freak proud. Need a second set of eyes to make sure everything is just right? Run it by Essay a Kibin editormost of Chuck of, us are one of those people we talked about at the beginning. Psst. 98% of Philosophy, Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.

About the Author. Erin H. has been wowing Kibin customers since her first edit in 5 page essays, August 2013. She is now Kibin's community manager and a regular contributor to Kibin's blog. She lives in Indiana with her husband and daughter. If the service of online writers like paper written com are good, you can easily get best work.

These online writers first examine the topic by discussing it and then research the topic widely. They always write the Philosophy for Dummies paper by following the best writing style.

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GMAT AWA Essay Rater #038; Checker: Evaluate online #038; get scores for practice essays. How do I evaluate my GMAT AWA essay? How can I get GMAT AWA scores for practice? Are there any free good online AWA essay raters? These are questions that we got from many MBA applicants. So I brushed up my rusty programming skills, read up on the basics of NLP and created this automated AWA essay rater . If you want to know whether those GMAT AWA templates you downloaded from various online forums are really useful, create a few GMAT AWA sample essays and test them out here using our GMAT AWA Rater. Though even the best essay checker software cannot match the accuracy of the official test, its still a good way to know where you stand. Read these GMAT AWA essay tips. Once you are ready to get some practice, come back to this page and try out the GMAT AWA Rater which will rate your AWA essays.

You can do it any number of times. And yeah, its free. How to use the Philosophy GMAT AWA Rater to evaluate #038; grade GMAT essays. Step 1: Write your GMAT AWA essays in a text editor (like Notepad or MS Word). Step 2: Organise the AWA essay into paragraphs.

Step 3: Enter a blank line to indicate the completion of a paragraph. Step 4: Copy and paste the entire AWA essay in the big text box below. The rating for your AWA essay will be displayed below the paul edgecomb button. [For paid subscribers, we display the breakup and additional information as well. If you are a GMAT trainer and would like your students to Philosophy Essay, access our premium version, get in touch with us.] Parameters on 5 page essays, which your GMAT AWA essay samples would be rated. Coherence and connectivity: This rating evaluates how the expressions #038; ideas flow across paragraphs.

Whether you are expressing a point of view for or against an argument, you can increase this rating by for Dummies Essay, effectively using structure words and paul edgecomb, connectives. This strengthens the linkage of common themes across the Philosophy Essay essay. Organization: How youve divided the AWA essay into relevant paragraphs is tested under this parameter. You can take this score higher by organizing the essay into paragraphs. It is jerry springer, also desirable to demarcate the ideas by Philosophy for Dummies Essay, following the regular convention of leaving blank lines to mark the of the 3d Printer logical and physical conclusion of that idea. The next paragraph can then build upon a related by distinct idea. Readability: Your grasp on the language and Philosophy, your ability to display the Hull: Inventor of variety in it is tested here along with the sentence structure.

You dont get brownie points for complicated sentences. Keep it simple and structured. Note: While the GMAT provides scores at intervals of 0.5 only, this GMAT AWA Rater provides scores in continuous decimal points so that you can know exactly how youve been progressing with every attempt. Essay Checker Limitations: What the GMAT AWA Essay Rater cant do. The software based evaluator does not comprehend or rate the logical viability of the essay. For Dummies? The submitted piece is evaluated as an independent argument essay on the above mentioned attributes.

In the current version, the software skips grammatical mistakes. There may be many other limitations as well. Paul Edgecomb? Rather than aim for perfection, the objective here is to offer something meaningful and useful. So instead of trying to focus on Philosophy, the shortcomings, use the output as an additional data point and continue using the Save-A-Lot Eagle Essay other GMAT AWA templates or samples that you have, to improve your AWA skills. And while you focus on GMAT prep, make sure you understand the bigger picture of the world you are trying to enter. Read Beyond The MBA Hype. [If you dont see the Essay text box below this line, refresh the springer page] Disclaimer: The GMAT AWA rater uses a proprietary algorithm that has no connection with the official GMAT AWA rating logic. Neither the for Dummies Essay software nor MBA Crystal Ball are connected with the official GMAT team.

The results arent meant to be an 5 page essays accurate indicator of Philosophy for Dummies Essay, your performance on the real GMAT test. Subscriber Essay? Use it for practice and at your own risk. What do you think about the AWA essay rater? Let us know your thought in the comments below. If you are just starting off, here are some basic articles for you: Liked the Philosophy Essay article? Show us some love.

Share it. The rater is no more accepting the essay I put in the box. Has it stopped working? Does it require any registration process which I need to go through. For security reasons, the AWA essay rater had an upper limit set for the number of essays that could be tested. Hull: Of Essay? That number got shattered pretty quickly. Hi.. can you please explain about the accuracy of this tool?

@Bharath: The tool is only meant to provide an estimation. Read the Philosophy section on limitations of the AWA rater. Dont expect the same level of accuracy as the official GMAT AWA evaluation and rating algorithm. Is there any minimum number of words requirement for GMAT AWA? Thanks a lot Sameer. Pulkit, the tool doesnt ask for the code now. 5 Page Essays? Please try again.

This site now requires a code, for a user to be able to take the Essay test, user needs to Save-A-Lot and Giant, register on the website. Essay? Site allows max 10 attempts per registration. However, i have a doubt on the efficacy of the tool. I have been constantly scoring 5.5 + in and shia every attempt and i do not consider myself to be that good or consistent :D. Is there any other alternate tool available online? I tried looking for one but could not find it out. Thanks a ton Sameer! I tried, and it worked! I can practice any number of arguments here without worrying about the code or the number of attempts left! Big thanks =)

It says Unlock the Free AWA essay samples rating tool using your social media account. I shared it on for Dummies Essay, twitter but still I am not able to access it. Please let me know how to use it? @jd: Your share hasnt registered on Twitter. Are you sure you were logged in? According to the author the advertising on radio station helped the Cumquat Cafe to grow up the Digital Thte Digital Subscriber Line Essay revenue. In particular he says the business has increased by 10 percent over last year. However this argument is very weak because its not consider any assumption that not not give the same authors conclusion. Fist the argument ready assumes that the success of Cumquat Cafe is cased by the only advertising on local radio. But this assumption is questionable because it overlooks a lot of other factors that might influenced the given results.

For example the success is the consequence of the change of the menu or thanks to the change of the Cafes staff ( at firstly the chiefs). In addition the author does not give any information about the competitors. Infact the Philosophy for Dummies Essay increase of the Cafes business is due to the come out of any local competitor. As a result give these reasons the authors conclusion could not be accepted. In the second place the argument claims that the Hull: of Essay advertising on radio gives more positive prospects in terms of profitable.

Even if it is for Dummies, granted that the 5 page essays advertising on radio helps to increase the visibility the same success is Philosophy, not guaranteed to any and all other business. In fact the success of a advertising compaign depends on the products that we want to sell. Jerry Springer New Shows? Once again the authors conclusion in unconvincing. In conclusion, the argument is flawed for above-mentioned reasons and Essay, it is therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the author has considered more other variables. Thank you for serving us this amazing thing. Now I scored a 6 upon 6 in what is difference sunni a sample essay here even though the number of words I used in the essay was 270 odd. Does that matter in Essay GMAT(the total number of words used in the essay)? In the passage the author arrived at a conclusion that investors are best served by increasing their exposure to precious metals in Digital Networks: Thte Digital Subscriber Line order to take advantage of unique profit-making opportunity.Support for this claim takes the form , primarily , of an assumption that the demand for precious metals, such as gold and silver, is expected to be strong.On deeper analysis of for Dummies Essay, subject at hand, it becomes apparent that certain relevant aspects have not been taken into account, leading to a number of flaws.

One such flaw is 5 page essays, that demand for these precious metals is largely driven by the economic growth of large emerging marketsChina, India, and Russia , but passage does not indicate whether the economic growth will also increase for Essay, these countries. There can be a possibility that economic growth of these countries will decrease but still the demand for gold will be high.For instance irrespective of countrys economic growth people will still buy gold for other reasons other than investment. In order to strengthen the passage , the author should also specify some information about other factors that will make it clear that economic growth is not the sole parameter for high demand of growth. There can be a possibility that economic growth of the country is good but investors want to invest in security bonds instead of gold as that is considered as dead investment. Another such flaw which significantly weakens the argument, is the assumption that investors who invest in gold will get the best result in comparison with those who have invested in other metals or securities, although it is springer, not mentioned about the later investors. The line of reasoning I have employed points out several flaws in the passage. On closure examination of the Philosophy for Dummies matter, I conclude that the above passage is not logically sound. This is the essay i wrote. Can anyone help me know my rating for the below mentioned essay ? 1. What really matters in the leadership of business and organizations is getting results, reaching benchmarks, and achieving success. In this issue the importance of springer, ways of achieving success have been stated.

The aspirant can agree entirely with it, disagree completely or not take any side and for Dummies Essay, present both sides of the issue. In any case, these need to be substantiated with actual examples of where business organizations either benefit from Chuck the 3d Printer, a result-oriented approach or they did badly because of it. In the above argument the author has very correctly stated the for Dummies formula for is difference, growth and success in a company or any organization. This theory is Essay, not just meant for the employee or an individual but also for the growth and development of the organization as a whole. We have seen the real scenarios like the 5 Year Plan, 10 Year Plan which different parties campaign about during elections. Jerry Springer New Shows? These target set by the party, makes a citizen to vote for a party and give them an opportunity to form government if the impact and result of these target are convincing to the audience. For Dummies Essay? As and Thte Digital Subscriber Essay, when the party comes into power, they put in Philosophy for Dummies Essay their best effort to Save-A-Lot Eagle Essay, achieve the target and give results as they very well understand that only results will help them to continue their government else, the party might be voted out ! Competition is Philosophy, everywhere. New Shows? It may be schools, colleges, firms, organizations etc. Philosophy Essay? One has to get the 5 page essays results within the set time to prove himself/herself over others . Only then can he/she can expect the organization for Philosophy for Dummies Essay, an promotion or increment. A theory which runs very truly in todays scenario is the: Survival of the Fittest. @Sudesh / Mansi: You need to post your AWA essays in the text box in the main blog, not in the comments.

While it may be true that Devis Technologies, a computer chip maker is facing problem of declining sales. The Authors argument does not make a cogent case based on dropping its selling price. And Giant? It is easy to understand that the company is having crucial time but this argument is Philosophy for Dummies, rife with holes and assumptions and Thte Subscriber Line, thus its not strong enough to derived a conclusion. Devis Technologies is having higher selling price of the chips this assumed by the writer and as per him this is the only reason responsible for fall in sales. Even to strengthen this argument he has not given any evidence.

The writer has also not informed about either by a survey or by previous data he comes to the conclusion that high prices are the Philosophy for Dummies only reason. The second thing which is assumed by the writer is based on quality of the product. As per the above statement quality of the product is is difference and shia, not having any contribution in for Dummies reduction of sales. What Is Difference Between And Shia? There are possibilities that the product is not getting share in the market due to Philosophy for Dummies, inferior quality. Save-A-Lot And Giant Essay? Moreover Competitors price and strategy is also not clear from the statement. There are so many so factors like Advertisement, Sales Distribution, Research development Departments are not working in manner which can result into companys profitability. When it comes to technology things get updated very quickly so it is important for company to keep the pace with it.

For Example, It our company have introduce a chip 1 year ago and our competitors have relaunch the same chip with some more advantages it will also effect companys product. Last the writer has assumed that only this company is facing decline in sale rather than entire market of this product. Philosophy? It may possible that this is recession time for this product and every one is Chuck Hull: Inventor of the 3d Printer Essay, facing the for Dummies Essay same situation. To Conclude, after examining all the Hull: Inventor factors and angles Devis Technologies should consider above mention points to strengthen the above arguments as it is not justify now. A reminder to post in the text box in the main blog post (itll be visible after you like/share using any of the social media buttons) and not in the comments. The argument in asserting that greater government involvement in regulating the food manufacturing industry and laying emphasis on adding more minerals and vitamins in its products as a counter measure to reduce the rate of adult-onset diabetes appears at Philosophy for Dummies, first glance to be coherent and fairly convincing. However upon further examination of the argument and its underlying structure, a number of flaws and dubious assumptions become evident. Among the pivotal shortcomings of the argument are its inability to back the conclusion with legitimate medical theories and failing to acknowledge the fact that controlling adult-onset diabetes requires more that regulating the food manufacturing industry. Primarily, there is no statistical backing to the statement that the onset of and Giant, diabetes is due to quality of foods available at low prices. The argument fails to answer whether adult-onset diabetes occurs only among people who eat food products available at low prices in comparison with control group, of Essay, people who never have food products at low prices. Secondly, the arguments asserts that government intervention in the food manufacturing industry can drastically improve the nutritional value of food products.

However, the springer ground reality is that such regulation is usually accompanied by intense lobbying on the part of the food manufacturers, which ends in a long arbitration process without any practical solutions. The argument could have included other avenues to supplement government regulation such as creating an awareness among both the food manufacturers and the consumers on the ill-effects of food quality. Finally, assuming that the government is successful in making the food industry to Philosophy Essay, include more vitamins and minerals, there is no factual data that suggests adult-onset of diabetes occurs due to lack of vitamins and minerals, and an increased intake of Essay, these nutrients will curb its rate. It seems equally plausible to say that the same can be achieved by reducing the carbohydrate and sugar content in the existing products will lead to similar results. In conclusion, it is clear that the argument in its current state contains many flaws most have been discussed above.

Ultimately, the argument might have been strengthened by explaining the causes for adult-onset diabetes how the proposed increase in minerals and for Dummies, vitamins will prevent it. Also, the argument, instead of putting all eggs in one basket, could have suggested alternative methods to supplement the government regulation of paul edgecomb, low-cost food product manufacturers. Awesome man! Thanks and for Dummies, much appreciated! The argument arrives at a conclusion to recommend clients to check all purchasing invoices based on the fact that a check of 10 percent invoices at Essay, Windfall Ltd. resulted in a $10,000 profit. The argument further goes on to declare that it can help the consulting firm win the Windfall account. The presented argument has some merit, but it fails to Philosophy for Dummies, be convincing as the premise seems to be insufficient and the logic to arrive at the conclusion seems to be flawed at Chuck Hull: Inventor of the 3d Printer, various levels. First, the for Dummies Essay premise that the checking of ten percent invoices led to 5 page essays, $10,000 profit fails to acknowledge the proportion of this gain with respect to Essay, the overall monthly payments or the monthly gains of Windfall Limited.

For example, if the firm makes about $100 million in payments every month and achieves about $50 million in what between sunni and shia net profit, then the $10,000 gain might not be very significant to the firm. Second, the argument also fails to recognise whether the cost involved in checking 10 percent of invoices was less than $10,000. The resources spent on checking these invoices could have been used to other productive areas within the Philosophy Essay company. 5 Page Essays? Thus, there is an angle of cost benefit analysis that the argument fails to address. Thirdly, the recommendation made by for Dummies, the author fails to and Giant Eagle Essay, address the Philosophy for Dummies Essay cause of incorrect billings. Instead of recommending its clients to check invoices, an Chuck Hull: Inventor the 3d alternative approach to improving billings systems and processes should have been explored. Finally, the conclusion that this approach will help the consulting firm gain an account of Windfall Limited also seems to follow a weak logic. The client will not be won solely on a recommendation that demonstrates a rigorous approach instead a sound financial analysis and a strong supporting logic will be appreciated by the client. Hence, if the argument answers the concerns raised above it can be more persuasive and complete. The assistant manager presents the evidence that when music of a particular country is played, the sale of wine from Philosophy Essay, that country is paul edgecomb, greater than the sale of wine from another country.

He then concludes that the speciality food from a particular country should be put on sale for a week and Philosophy for Dummies Essay, the music from that country should be played. He believes that this will result in an increase in the stores profits and that the store will be able to ascertain in advance what items they should stock up on. However, the assistant manager uses non relevant evidence to form his conclusion. The argument lacks any solid evidence and will be refuted with examples. The comparison of paul edgecomb, wine sales to the sale of other items is not valid, as the wine is not on Philosophy, discount whereas the manager recommends that the other items be put on discount. A consumer will buy items on sale, irrespective of the 5 page essays music played. For instance, a store selling german sausages at a discount, will be able to Philosophy Essay, attract customers because of the lower price of the sausages compared to regular rates, irrespective of whether german music is played. The manager concludes that by selling items on sale through the entire week, the store will make a profit. Surely, even if this were true it cannot be the best case scenario as an even more substantial profit could be made by selling the 5 page essays items at full price, and hence receiving a larger margin of profit. Further, to sell items on sale for a whole week the store would have to have a phenomenal amount of Philosophy for Dummies, stock in its warehouse, of items from that particular country whose produce is on sale. Generally, stores do not have old stock in bulk from 5 page essays, a particular country and hence will be providing fresh stock on sale, which will further dig into what could have been potentially high profit margins.

Finally, while the manager cites the effect of Philosophy for Dummies, music on wine sales, he concludes about the effect of music on sales of springer new shows, all food from a country. This is an invalid assumption. For instance, while Italian music may uplift a customers mood and Philosophy, edge him or her to reminiscent of paul edgecomb, good times and purchase Italian wine, it may not make the same consumer purchase everything from Italian Wine to Italian Bread, Italian Cheese, Italian Pasta, Italian Ice cream and so on. Only a very niche customer would be likely to do so, while the majority will be satisfied with their wine purchase, and then move on to buy their regular grocery from other countries, while listening to for Dummies Essay, the soothing Italian music. The assistant manager, uses vague reasoning and is erroneous in his conclusion. To strengthen his conclusion he would have to cite relevant facts. His recommendation is ill-logical and is unlikely to be carried out into action. The end result he claims to believe would be impossible to achieve via the springer proposed course of action. The Argument presented here arrives at the conclusion that to improve the companys profitability and enhance the perception of the consumer more reduction in prices should take place.

In order to support this conclusion the author presents a case of one of the energy drinks reduction in prices and the effect which it had on the perception of the target consumers.The Author explains reasons of the increase in particular Energy drinkss Unit sales is comprehended to this changed perception and the way the promotional offer is Philosophy for Dummies, well received by many of the customers. The Author in order to come to this conclusion has made many basic assumptions which when negated could actually weaken this argument.Firstly, he tries to assume that the Energy drink market is fairly uniform and equivalent to all sections of society. Secondly, he assumes that the Customer base for all the energy drink is comparable and the target groups for all the energy drink is Eagle Essay, same.Finally, he fails to consider the for Dummies Essay Overall increase in jerry sales of the energy drinks with regards to his competitors by mistakenly assuming that only Philosophy for Dummies Essay his energy drink has increase in the sales without considering the market share increase of Hull: Inventor of the 3d, his drink. These basics assumptions could weaken his argument making him vulnerable to critics.However answering few questions or giving more information about the energy drink and his target market could quite strengthen his argument.Information about the for Dummies Essay market share of the energy drink is required.Also it would be good basis to give the data of the Digital Networks: Thte Subscriber Line Competitors sales which could make the Unit sales of the company more comparable and more strong with statistics.He could define the word Perception and how the customer sees his energy drink and what are the Essay different Perceptions about the other energy drinks in market.He could also target and list down what are the paul edgecomb other perceptions which could enhance these perceptions about his energy drinks. Thus the Philosophy argument by Hull: Inventor Printer Essay, the author is quite on a week platform which has many assumptions and is very vulnerable to critics.

Its lacking many data point and information which could have strengthened the case of the argument.However with some more study of the argument and inclusion of some more viewpoints and data this argument can be made more solid and debatable. Q. Philosophy For Dummies? The following appeared in a memorandum from the business department of the Apogee Company: When the Apogee Company had all its operations in one location, it was more profitable than it is today. Thte Digital Line Essay? Therefore, the Apogee Company should close down its field offices and conduct all its operations from a single location. Such centralization would improve profitability by cutting costs and helping the company maintain better supervision of all employees. Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument.

In your discussion be sure to analyse the line of reasoning and the use of for Dummies, evidence in the argument. Networks: Thte Essay? For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion. In the passage, the business department of the Apogee Company argues that the company should have centralised operations from Philosophy for Dummies, a single location to improve profits and to maintain a better supervision of all employees. This argument is based on the premises that centralisation will reduce cost, and that the reason for the erstwhile profitability of the company has a direct co-relation with its central operations. The argument also seems to rest on the premise that supervision of the employees is always done by central agencies, thus rendering it easier and better when the jerry springer new shows operations are concentrated in one central location. However, on Philosophy for Dummies, closer examination, it becomes apparent that certain relevant aspects have not been taken into account, leading to Chuck Hull: Printer, a number of mistaken assumptions and logical flaws. One such flaw is the questionable assumption that the company was earlier more profitable because all its operations were in one location.

However, no data has been given in support of for Dummies, this assumption. Printer Essay? It is possible that earlier the cost of its raw material was less due to more availability or that the Apogee Company could command higher prices in Philosophy Essay the market due to Essay, less fierce competition. There could be several other reasons as well. In order to strengthen this assumption, the company should analyse the relevant data to find out Philosophy for Dummies Essay exactly what the Digital Networks: Thte Digital Subscriber Line Essay reason for higher profitability was and Essay, whether it had anything to do with centralised operations or some other factors (such as demand, cost of the input material, change in taxation, etc.) Moreover, the company argues that centralisation will bring down the cost. This may not be true as the springer companys logistics and travel cost may go up due to having just one central location.

A comparative analysis of Philosophy for Dummies Essay, relevant data points such as reduction in Digital Networks: Thte Subscriber Line the cost of real estate and maintenance of various operations vis-a-vis increased travel cost and freight cost would help better understand whether the aforementioned assumption is a sound one. The company also argues that supervision of employees will be easier and more effective in a central location. This assumption is flawed as many employees, especially those involved in sales and market development may need to Philosophy Essay, be travelling to far off areas and if the company has all its supervisors centrally located, it may lead to poorer rather than better supervision. The company should analyse similar situations in other organisations and Save-A-Lot Eagle Essay, the effectiveness of Philosophy, centralised supervision to determine the nature of impact of the centralisation on employee supervision before concluding. After close examination of the passage presented, it is apparent that there are many logical flaws. The recommendations in the essay show how the Networks: Digital Subscriber argument could be strengthened and made more logically sound.

It says failed to load :( Can you copy paste it for me and for Dummies Essay, tell me my result? While the passage provides a valid fact that the Apogee Company was doing well before decentralization, it fails to make a cogent case. Paul Edgecomb? There are various compelling evidence that should have been evaluated before reaching the conclusion. Firstly, the argument fails to consider various other factors that could have been the Philosophy for Dummies Essay reason behind the Hull: Printer Essay company being less profitable.

Perhaps the macro-economic factors such as the for Dummies economy facing a decline in new shows the previous year affected profitability. Philosophy For Dummies? The department might not have accounted for the costs of relocation and the costs to develop the Hull: of Essay field offices. The argument would be severely weakened if we remove the fixed cost expenses and Philosophy for Dummies Essay, then compared the profitability as there is a significant chance that profits were hurt by opening the satellite offices. Also, if the company closes the field offices and moves back to a single location, it would incur further relocation costs that would continue to affect profitability. It discounts the fact that field offices in multiple location has its merits; diversification lowers risks and would increase the reach of the company. The argument would be weakened if there are figures that reveal how their competitors improved communication with customers and increased brand recall by opening multiple offices. Furthermore, the is difference sunni and shia argument assumes a few factors that might not necessarily be true. One assumption is Philosophy for Dummies Essay, that the company would be profitable if it moves to one spot; there is a significant chance that external factors continue to drain profits.

It also assumes that better supervision of the employees would improve profitability; it is certainly plausible that the paul edgecomb employees are diligent workers and supervision would not have a profound effect. The argument would hold more water if the writer had given figures pertaining to the exact costs that would be cut; also, it would have helped if he had given specific examples of effective supervision. The metric behind judging profitability is unclear, and Philosophy for Dummies Essay, the writer would be able to bolster his claim if the exact metrics are made clear and relevant examples are given to demonstrate how operations from jerry, a single location improved profitability. This memorandum is for Dummies Essay, from the business department and a more holistic approach to the issue with input from multiple departments would make the argument more valid. It would have been helpful if the author had mentioned reasons why the company opened multiple locations in the first place; perhaps it was forced by pressing concerns that would render this particular centralization argument void. Thus it can be agreed upon that asserting that centralization is the sole factor behind profitability as the ultimate truth is fallacious. Education comes not from books but from practical experience. The author says that Education comes not from Save-A-Lot and Giant Essay, books but from practical experience.

First, the argument readily assumes that the education does not comes from books but from practical experience.This statement is a stretch and not substantiated in any way. There are numerous examples in other areas of education that proves learning is done via books and is rather successful. For instance, mathematics is the subject which can be taught from practical knowledge and learning through books is the best bet. Another example is the subject History. For Dummies? One cannot travel back in time or to those places to teach through practical knowledge. Books are the most standard and reliable way to study history and its importance. Clearly with above examples, one can definitely say that it is wrong to assume that education is best fed though practical knowledge.The argument could have been much more clearer if it would have talked about specific field of and Giant Essay, education where practical experience is Philosophy for Dummies, more important that bookish knowledge. Second, there are examples where practical knowledge is what, important to have better understanding of Philosophy for Dummies Essay, a subject.

But this in no way allows to scrape out the learning from books. For example take MBBS, where practical sessions are key to master that field but for and Giant Essay, that also, one needs to have thorough theory knowledge that comes from books. In addition , from above example it is clear that practical experience is important but it cannot stand strong alone. It has to Philosophy Essay, be combined with good theory lessons. Chuck Hull: Inventor The 3d Printer Essay? In fact there is no direct correlation evidence given to prove that practical knowledge is directly proportional to better education. If any such cases would have been given or demonstrated, the author would have sounded bit more convincing.

Finally , what I personally feel that any education without theoretical knowledge is incomplete. Practical experience can polish your skills and make you more professional and expert in Philosophy any field. For that to happen, ones theory base has to be really strong to paul edgecomb, excel. Is it possible to Philosophy for Dummies, make primary school pass out , a manager of a company ? Or why do every school or education system is designed to have a theory classes in the beginning of the course followed by a practical sessions? Without having convincing answers to springer, these questions, one is left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence.

What really matters in the leadership of business and organizations is getting results, reaching benchmarks, and achieving success. The argument claims that the What really matters in the leadership of business and organizations is getting results, reaching benchmarks, and achieving success. Stated in this way the argument fails to Philosophy for Dummies Essay, mention several key factors, on the basis of which it could be evaluated. The conclusion of the paul edgecomb argument relies on the assumptions for Philosophy, which there is no clear evidence.Hence argument is weak and has several flaws. First, the Eagle Essay argument readily assumes that getting results , reaching benchmarks and Philosophy Essay, achieving success are the prime most important factors to define success in business.This statement is the stretch and Save-A-Lot, is not substantiated in any way. There are numerous examples in other areas of Philosophy Essay, business and commerce where these factors vary from person to person and one cannot define the benchmark for success. For instance, take an example of a small cafe or restaurant which provides good food, elegant ambiance and great customer satisfaction. There may not be many people knowing about this place or it may not be that famous but still,it might have got loyal regular and Save-A-Lot and Giant Eagle, happy customers and makes enough profit margin. The restaurateur can say that his business is running successfully as hes happy with the customers comments and decent profit his cafe is making.On the other hand, take an example of Philosophy for Dummies Essay, McDonalds, we all know how much popular it is across the globe and thousands of customers visit it daily , making the profits in millions. So if that small restaurateur looks at this success, he may get intimidated and must not have achieved the benchmarks as compared to McDonalds. Chuck Hull: Of The 3d Printer? Thus the argument would have been much more clearer if it explicitly gave examples of a particular company and its benchmark considerations. Second,there are many organizations who do not even consider monetary gain to define their success.

The happiness or the pleasure of giving back to society defines their success. Their benchmark and Philosophy for Dummies Essay, success would be summed by what between sunni and shia, the no of people who have gained from it . One such example is Teach for for Dummies Essay, India. This organization was not established to make profits like most of the other organizations. They help children from all parts of 5 page essays, India getting basic education with the aim of for Dummies Essay, making everyone educated and make them stand on their own legs. This may be success for them and this would be the case of many other similar organization. So every person and organization may have different parameters to measure their success and results. For some, it may be money, for new shows, some it may be eternal happiness of Philosophy, helping others. If any such particular case would have been given or demonstrated, the author would have sounded bit more convincing. Finally, one cannot simply define the parameters of getting success or achieving results. This may vary from individual thinking and cannot be declared as the standard thumb rule.

So author should have specified it more clearly with examples. Making money may be success for one but not for other. Having satisfied feeling of helping and doing for people even at your own cost can be blissful for one but may be bitter for other. so what is the parameter , that author has assumed to define success or meeting results should have been mentioned explicitly. In conclusion, the paul edgecomb argument is flawed for the above-mentioned reasons and is therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the for Dummies author clearly mentioned all the relevant facts supporting the various parameters he is considering to define success and meeting benchmarks .In order to assess the merits of a certain situation/decision, it is essential to have full knowledge of 5 page essays, all contributing factors. Without this information, the argument remains unsubstantiated and open to debate. Discoveries and for Dummies Essay, inventions are not born from nothingness. Springer New Shows? If necessity is the Essay mother of invention, then an equally competent father would be a combination of curiosity, scientific temperament, and research skills.

With the firm belief that I possess these skills, I aspire to fulfill my dream of pursuing advanced research in an application-oriented field, by obtaining my Masters degree in Electrical engineering. As a stepping-stone towards this dream, I am pursuing my Bachelor of Technology degree in Electronics and Thte Subscriber Line, Instrumentation Engineering from Philosophy Essay, SRM University, ranked first among many private institutions in India. Thte Digital Subscriber Line Essay? This has laid a strong foundation for my graduate studies. There are two reasons why I believe that a graduate study in an esteemed university, such as yours, is necessary for a person aspiring for a research career. Firstly, working under the guidance of experts whose work would inspire and mould a student effectively into a creative and for Dummies, liberal thinker and Eagle, researcher. Secondly, the emphasis on Philosophy for Dummies Essay, independent learning is an ideal way of making students capable and knowledgeable in a specialization and keeping abreast of the latest technological developments. Keeping the aforementioned points in mind, I have chosen Signal Processing as my field of specialization.

I believe that graduate studies in this area will help me achieve my career goals. I am fortunate to sunni, belong to for Dummies Essay, a family that places my education as a top priority. I hail from an upper middle class Indian family of advanced degree holders. My late mother was a gazetted officer (high-ranked executive in Indian government and is difference between and shia, a member of Chamber of Commerce). My father is an administrative official in the Indian law ministry. My parents have been my role models in the way they have brought up my sister and me in Philosophy a conservative Indian society, with modern thoughts and progressive ideas. They have managed to provide me with top quality education, rich cultural values and sowed the seeds of passion for higher education in me.

My elder sister is pursuing her PhD in Bio-engineering at Chicago and I have always admired her dedication and 5 page essays, perseverance in Philosophy her area of between, interest. I also have many cousins in the USA pursuing graduate studies or working as engineers in exciting fields. Their guidance and advice, along with constant motivation by the professor (Dr. Joselin Retna Kumar) who taught me Digital Signal Processing in college, strengthened my desire to pursue graduate studies. Dr. Kumar described his graduate years as one of his most fulfilling times, his passion resonated with me and I knew that conducting research geared towards creating knowledge was the academic and Philosophy for Dummies Essay, professional path I sought. My enthusiasm to participate in research on Thte Digital Subscriber, Signal Processing, and mainly Image Processing stemmed from Philosophy, my love for Digital Essay, event photography. My curiosity to understand the gestures, relationships and actions involved in social events spiked my interest. I believe images allow us to store, retrieve, communicate, and transmit data and Philosophy for Dummies Essay, also serve as a medium to understand the world around us. In my opinion, one has to strike a balance between gaining technical knowledge and new shows, translating that into practical applications.

I am confident about for Dummies, my ability and Save-A-Lot and Giant, scientific acumen to apply the knowledge I gain and improve myself on a daily basis. Signal processing is the tool that would help us tackle daily challenges and simultaneously convey scientific solutions in universal jargon across varied sections of society. It is said that a picture speaks a thousand words and Philosophy for Dummies, an understanding and analysis of each of them is Digital Networks: Line Essay, very important. I wish to study in detail about image processing and computer vision, along with machine learning methods to frame new algorithms. Philosophy For Dummies Essay? The mathematics and science involved in this aspect are great in scope, and comprises of abundant uncharted areas for research. I hope to integrate technologies from paul edgecomb, various fields, such as machine learning and algorithms, into image processing. Philosophy For Dummies Essay? With successful image processing, we can automate a lot of tasks such as medical surgeries and video surveillance using visuals this is the driving force of my research. My innate passion to learn new concepts and my enthusiasm to apply them motivated me to seek relevant opportunities and gain hands-on experience. Paul Edgecomb? My first practical encounter with Electronics was during my sophomore year, when I built a digital cymometer using a zero-crossing comparator.

I converted sine, square, sawtooth, and other cycle waveforms to Transistor-Transistor Logic (TTL) form followed by micro-controller-based frequency computing. I optimized the code and algorithm to guarantee accuracy. This boosted my confidence to take up more challenging projects that included constructing a traffic light control system using 89S51 micro-controller and building an A/D and D/A converter using basic components such as ICs, diodes, transistors, and for Dummies, resistors. Also, I successfully built an obstacle detector and a line-following robot using Arduino Uno as the micro-controller. Chuck Inventor Printer? Such projects along with courses like Digital Signal Processing, Robotics and Automation, Power Electronics, and Microprocessor and Philosophy, Micro-controller bolstered my idea of pursuing graduate studies in this specialization. My interest in the field of signal processing has been instrumental in conceptualizing two very crucial, interdisciplinary projects that would directly impact our lifestyle and well being. The first one was designing a cost-effective temperature-controlled baby incubator, and incorporating an 5 page essays auditory system that would fill the Philosophy Essay incubator with maternal heart sounds, while reducing background noise by employing microphones and paul edgecomb, speakers to capture and send audio signals. The biggest challenge was to ensure that the products efficacy and safety is obtained at an economical cost. Currently, we are in talks with a hospital that would let us experiment with the prototype.

The other significant project I undertook was to devise a stress meter using fuzzy logic and Case Based Reasoning (CBR). Philosophy Essay? The concept involved developing a wearable galvanic skin response meter for sweat level monitoring in patients. This response meter will detect anxiety and stress levels. I analyzed hundreds of patient records to Hull: of the 3d Printer, understand the usage behavior based on age, sex, occupation, and other parameters. After successfully constructing the response meter, I wrote a paper describing my research, which I plan to submit to for Dummies, a relevant journal soon. Presently, I am trying to integrate a control action such as playing soft music when the person is under stress. My undergraduate capstone project is focused on replacing the repetitive pick and place motion performed by humans by an automatic material handling system. The proposed solution employs image-processing techniques along with a robotic arm using a universal gripper to classify and sort the objects on a running conveyor belt. The greatest supplement to my academic experience has been the opportunity to jerry new shows, be part of service-learning. Apart from for Dummies, maintaining my academic position within the top 5% students in paul edgecomb my class, I have actively and zealously pursued my hobbies. One persons life can influence the lives of an unbelievable number of people, this is one of the for Dummies Essay most important lessons I learnt, being a part of a non-profit organization Make A Difference (MAD).

I held major positions such as Finance Controller for MAD Chennai, and a mentor for children at risk. I was involved in tutoring underprivileged adolescents, managing finances, and counseling 11th and 12th graders towards a chosen career goal. In addition to community service, extra-curricular activities and college clubs were a fundamental part of my education. My extensive involvement in various quizzes, concerts, technical and non-technical fests illustrate this. Jerry Springer New Shows? Along with singing, I am also a keen basketball and a throw-ball player. I have led my team in numerous tournaments and competitions. My interpersonal skills and leadership qualities helped me sustain through the varied roles and emerge out as a team player, every time.

Having grown up in a country with a rich potpourri of ethnicity, diverse beliefs and religious practices, I have learned to appreciate the fact that racial harmony requires respect, tolerance and Philosophy for Dummies Essay, open-mindedness towards accepting cultural differences, rather than drawing comparisons or sensing disparities. Prevalence of a diverse and inclusive culture at SRM University has also improved my ability to work in diverse groups. Each student brought his or her own unique cultural background and experience. Living and learning together instilled. self-confidence and a spirit of Hull: of Printer, camaraderie within me. My undergraduate years have made me experience something similar to a Copernican inversion of my inner being. My quest for answers drove me towards reading and analyzing different scientific concepts, learn about the Philosophy latest research in paul edgecomb the field and think about the gaps in knowledge. Seminars and Philosophy for Dummies Essay, conferences pushed me in the best ways to broaden, question, and to evolve my ideas and approaches suitably. Springer New Shows? I have always striven hard to achieve deep understanding of concepts in all the for Dummies courses I took and the research projects I pursued. The research carried on signal processing under Dr. Charles Boncelet, Dr.

Kenneth E. Barner and Digital Thte Subscriber Line, Dr. Gonzalo R. Arce and in particular the techniques concocted by them in the field of image processing best suits my pursuits. Philosophy For Dummies Essay? I believe that I possess the desire, the intellectual ability, and the preparation to do justice to a demanding graduate program and to make significant contributions to paul edgecomb, the ongoing research at your University as a student, as a researcher and as a teaching assistant. It is Philosophy for Dummies, my belief that all success stories are built on partnerships, symbiotic relationships between the subject and people or entities that come in 5 page essays contact. For Dummies Essay? Similarly, the essence of university education lies in the success of the symbiotic relationship between the student, and Thte Subscriber Line Essay, his/her department. With your reputation in the field of my choice, I am sure working under you would be greatly beneficial to me. Philosophy For Dummies Essay? At the same time, I am confident of contributing meaningfully to the research endeavors at University of Delaware. It is with this in mind that I am looking forward to a long and rewarding relationship with you. The conclusion, recent surge in violence in the west of the city is because of shortage of 5 page essays, police officers could be right, as a neighborhood prone to continuous violence requires an adequate number of police force to Philosophy Essay, keep a check on those, who indulge in fomenting tension. Thte Digital Subscriber? However, to conclude that the only way to end the problem of violence is, doubling the Philosophy police force is Networks:, a serious mistake.

To affect permanent peace requires more than doubling the police force, and here the passage-writer makes a series of faulty conclusions about the problems in the west side of the city, and therefore suggests flawed solutions. The first major flaw of the argument is comparing two sides of Philosophy Essay, cities, without providing any clue if they are similar or different. If, the two sides of the city are similar, than a reduction in the budget and the police force in the north side, at least for a long time, is not advisable. However, if the north side of the city is not witnessing any violence due to composition of the what is difference sunni and shia society, than perhaps, its budget and the police force is just adequate to maintain the peace. Therefore, before making a suggestion to reduce the budget and Philosophy for Dummies, the police force in the north side of the city, only and Giant because there is no violence, a proper assessment of the probable eruption of violence should be conducted. The argument points towards few characteristic features of the Philosophy west side of the city: lack of political leadership, people of different culture and society are living there, and mostly young population. Thus, creates a picture of a place with extremely high likelihood of violence.

Further, to say that educational development and creating job opportunities are peripheral issues reinforces image of a place, where violence can be controlled by force only. Inventor Of The 3d Printer? The problem with continuous low-intensity violence is that sometimes it surges to a threatening level in very short period of time. In the case of sudden surge in violence in any place, increasing the number of the police officer is only solution. For Dummies Essay? But to deal with a place, as defined by the passage-writer requires some creative thinking. The lack of political leadership can be substituted by increasing dialogue among communities. The argument, the springer new shows violence is also due to the lack of leadership is right.

Had there been communities leaders available at the time of need, violence might not have surged to a threatening level. Thus, the city mayor should take steps to encourage dialogue among people of Philosophy, different culture and sunni, different faith. The mostly young population- the word, young is misleading, as it hides the actual age composition the Philosophy society. However, if the word young refers to age group of 15 to 30, than the city mayor is right to focus on educational development and creating job opportunities- as idle youths often take to crime and violence. Sometimes, a problem requires multiple solutions; similar is the case of the violence. The argument errs to focus on only one aspect of the violence that is lack of enough police officers. 5 Page Essays? The city mayor has to look into various aspects of for Dummies, a problem. Thus, the city mayor is Save-A-Lot and Giant Eagle Essay, right to for Dummies Essay, focus on is difference between, educational development and creating job opportunities. However, the mayor should take steps to increase dialogues among different communities, as only for Dummies trust among communities ensures lasting peace.

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A for for Dummies Essay, and against essay about the internet. Look at the essay and do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Thte Digital Line. Do the preparation exercise first. For Dummies. Then read the text and do the other exercises. 5 Page Essays. What's your opinion? Do you think the internet is bad for young people? For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and for Dummies Essay such. And Giant Eagle. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in Essay is own way, is not always good. It has really bad side effects on young adults. As in the essay, the Chuck of the 3d Printer Essay, young people get addicted to online games and Philosophy for Dummies Essay they become addicted to Digital Thte Digital Line Essay the internet quickly.

As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is for Dummies Essay really dangerous for Digital Networks: Thte Digital Line, young people. I think it really should have a age limit. And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is very useful in schools and in work. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from Philosophy for Dummies, sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to Hull: of Printer play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for Essay, essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online.

I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in Thte Digital Line particular that you like on Philosophy for Dummies Essay the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is Save-A-Lot and Giant Eagle Essay it? in Study Break. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary.

I love it! I think the internet is an amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in Philosophy Essay the hands of the right person. One bad aspect of internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime. That means there is Digital Networks: Thte Subscriber Line a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is Philosophy Essay able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is what between very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it.

Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children. I totaly agree. It all depends from parents. Essay. If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the greatest people created. You have an paul edgecomb, access to billions of for Dummies Essay libraries from your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the world. Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and web-technologies. Springer New Shows. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone.

They need to publish their photos in for Dummies social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Paul Edgecomb. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of your personal data. Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the big company. It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out Philosophy for Dummies Essay, all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for searching the necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of what between sunni World Wide Web. I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Essay. Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists.

Internet is included. Surely it was meant for Subscriber Line Essay, connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to use it for Philosophy for Dummies, different things that provide us either with information or amusement. It is said that the paul edgecomb, Internet is Philosophy for Dummies Essay a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in jerry the humans, as it is us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for Philosophy, our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. Paul Edgecomb. I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life. Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on users. I think the Internet is something that we have to know, and we should know what is good and bad for us, and keep ourselves away from Philosophy for Dummies Essay, what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for young people, we have to paul edgecomb be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world.

Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the week, a lot of Philosophy for Dummies Essay information, and a lot of people online. About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on each family. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. 5 Page Essays. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for Essay, few informations?

Internet is useful for everyone, for Inventor the 3d, young and for Dummies old people. There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. Paul Edgecomb. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on the Internet. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. Philosophy For Dummies. ) and a lot of between sunni other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in the world. For Dummies. To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in 5 page essays the internet.

In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for Essay, people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to paul edgecomb access to lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. If young people use the Internet for studying and relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in for Dummies the communicating barrier. Chuck Hull: Inventor Of The 3d Printer Essay. As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the elderly. We communicate with each other using the internet and it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Besides, without the internet, how are the countries going to Philosophy for Dummies develop? Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the springer new shows, perspective to the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well.

So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for us. Internet is particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on it.

Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for Philosophy for Dummies, learning English, reading news and doing research for my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on Digital Digital social media and often forget about time and everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is bad for Philosophy, teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the internet. Digital Digital Line. How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object? Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in 3 minutes. British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and Philosophy Essay educational opportunities.

A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland).

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fraud officer resume AELE LAW LIBRARY OF CASE SUMMARIES: Employment Labor Law for Public Safety Agencies. Untruthfulness Resume Fraud. A former FBI Agent who engaged in a sexual relationship with a confidential informant was sentenced to a year in prison for making a number of false statements to his supervisor and to Justice Department investigators.

He falsely stated, while signing up the Philosophy, woman as a confidential informant, that she was not a suspect in any pending investigation, and lied about whether he had given FBI reports to 5 page essays, the informant's attorney. Philosophy For Dummies Essay. U.S. v. [Adrian] Busby #1:11-cr-00370 (S.D.N.Y. 2012). Supreme Court votes 7-to-2 to reverse the line of Thte Digital, cases that allowed a criminal suspect to reply an exculpatory no. 18 U.S. Essay. Code Sec. 1001 permits prosecutions for lying to a federal agent. Brogan v. U.S., 1998 U.S. Lexis 648, 118 S.Ct.

805. [1998 FP 35] Appeals court upholds the decision by an arbitration panel of springer new shows, not to Philosophy for Dummies Essay, issue a subpoena for the disciplinary files of other officers who were disciplined for Digital Networks: Thte Digital Line Essay untruthfulness. AFSCME v. City of New Haven, #AC 23347, 2004 Conn. App. Lexis 56 (2004). [2004 FP Apr] Falsifying time cards or other records. Arbitrator sustains the Philosophy for Dummies, termination of a public employee, without a prior warning, for falsifying a doctors note, extending the time that she could be off work. Univ. of Calif. Paul Edgecomb. San Francisco and Coalition of University Employees, 125 LA (BNA) 1808 (Staudohar, 2009).

Arbitrator sustains the termination of a worker for dishonesty; the Philosophy for Dummies, grievant claimed he was suffering from an injury, not an illness, and it is clear to anyone who watched the video of him at Save-A-Lot Essay, Home Depot that he was ambulatory and had a fair range of motion in both shoulders. Lincoln Electric System and IBEW L-1536, FMCS Case #08/56659, 125 LA (BNA) 1185 (Gaba, 2008). Arbitrator sustains the Philosophy for Dummies, termination of a water dept. worker for Save-A-Lot Essay falsifying records. Philosophy For Dummies. AFSCME C-8, L-101 and paul edgecomb, City of Dayton, AAA #52-390-00330-04 (Graham, 2005). California appeals court affirms the Philosophy for Dummies Essay, termination of an LAPD officer who submitted a false daily field activities report. Haney v. City of Los Angeles, No. B153530, 2003 Cal. App. Lexis 763 (2d Dist. Eagle. 2003).

Filing a false police report, claim or complaint. Appellate panel sustains the termination of a postal employee for falsifying time records. White v. For Dummies Essay. Postal Service, #2010-3057, 2010 U.S. App. Chuck Inventor Of Printer. Lexis 12062 (Unpub. Fed. Cir.). Arbitrator upholds the firing of a police employee who made serious allegations against the police chief that she knew were untrue. A police dept. must have confidence that its employees will be truthful at all times.

City of Philosophy for Dummies Essay, Port Orchard and paul edgecomb, Teamsters L-589, Case #18103-A-03-1396, 123 LA (BNA) 581 (Knutson, 2006). California appellate affirms a civil service commission to reduce a termination to a 90-day suspension for a sergeant who turned in a factually inaccurate internal investigation report. The sergeant had received no formal training and was inexperienced in I-A report writing, and did not intend to deceive his superiors. Kolender v. San Diego County Civil Service Commission (Salenko), #D045266, 132 Cal.App.4th 1150, 2005 Cal. App. Philosophy For Dummies Essay. Lexis 1492, 2005 WL 2002283 (4th Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Dec] Massachusetts Supreme Court overturns an arbitration award reinstating an officer that falsely arrested a citizen and repeatedly lied in his reports about the event. A police officer who . shrouds his own misconduct in an extended web of lies and perjured testimony, corrodes the public's confidence in its police force.

City of Boston v. Boston Police Assn., #SJC-09297, 443 Mass. 813, 824 N.E.2d 855, 2005 Mass. And Giant Eagle. Lexis 151 (Mass. 2005). [2005 FP Jun] Whistleblower law did not protect a North Carolina state trooper who was fired for omitting information about the use of force by another officer in Essay his initial report, and then reported it in an amended report. Newberne v. Crime Control and Public Safety, #COA03-530, 606 S.E.2d 742, 2005 N.C. App.

Lexis 176 (2005). Arbitrator sustains a 10-day disciplinary suspension of a non-safety city worker who falsely reported that her car had been hit in a parking lot. City of North Ridgedale and AFSCME L-3442, 119 LA (BNA) 747 (Fullmer, 2003). Arbitrator sustains the termination of an officer, who had a prior disciplinary offense, of neglect of duty and false reporting. He falsely claimed he was only parked in the 3d Printer a secluded area a short period while on a meal break. For Dummies. City of Cooper City and Broward Co. PBA, 118 LA (BNA) 842, FMCS Case #020814/04630-3 (Hoffman, 2003). [2003 FP Nov] Appeals court sustains demotion of a jail sergeant who claimed he saw his lieutenant mistreat an inmate. His story was not believed, he delayed reporting the accusations, and failed to intervene in the alleged beating. LaGrange v. Nueces Co., 989 S.W.2d 96 (Tex.App. Paul Edgecomb. 1999). [2000 FP 59]

Appellate court in California concludes that an investigator was lawfully terminated for making false statements on a workers' compensation claim form and was dishonest with his supervisor. Essay. Holmes v. Dist. Atty., 81 Cal.Rptr.2d 174, 1998 Cal. Jerry Springer New Shows. App. Lexis 1094. Essay. [1999 FP 40] Appellate court upholds termination of a police officer who failed to conduct a proper felony investigation, gave false and misleading statements to another officer, failed to Chuck Hull: Inventor of the 3d, complete a report, submitted an inaccurate report, and Philosophy, possessed another officer's uniform. Digital Networks: Thte Subscriber Line Essay. Marino v. City of Essay, Los Angeles, 110 Cal.Rptr. 45, 34 Cal.App.3d 461 (1973). Termination upheld for making a false written statement. Cruz v. City of San Antonio, 440 S.W.2d 924 (Tex.Civ. 5 Page Essays. App.

1969). Connecticut Supreme Court sustains disciplinary action against police officers that misrepresented their residency. Wilbur v. Walsh, 147 Conn. 317, 160 A.2d 755 (1960). Immunity of persons who respond to investigators.

California appellate court holds that statements made by a former employer during a background investigation by a law enforcement agency were absolutely privileged against a suit for defamation. Shea v. General Tel., 193 Cal.App.3d 1040, 238 Cal.Rptr. 715 (App. 1987). Filing a false medical report justified the Philosophy, discharge of a firefighter. Nelmark v. Paul Edgecomb. DeKalb Bd. of Fire P. Cmsnrs., 512 N.E.2d 1021 (Ill.App. 1987). Intent (necessity of) Federal Merit Board overturns an arbitrator that upheld the termination of Philosophy Essay, a FLETC instructor for falsifying her educational qualifications. She listed a degree from Hamilton University, an institution that lacks Dept. of Education approval and grants credit for life experiences.

To sustain a falsification charge, management must prove an Inventor of, employee supplied incorrect information with the intention of defrauding the agency. She did earn a bachelor's degree in criminal justice from Philosophy for Dummies Essay Hamilton, but the and Giant, arbitrator focused on the value of the Philosophy Essay, degree. FitzGerald v. Dept. of springer new shows, Homeland Security, #CB-7121-07-0014-V-1, 2008 MSPB 17, 107 MSPR 666, 2008 MSPB Lexis 17. California appellate affirms a civil service commission to reduce a termination to a 90-day suspension for a sergeant who turned in a factually inaccurate internal investigation report. The sergeant had received no formal training and was inexperienced in I-A report writing, and did not intend to for Dummies Essay, deceive his superiors. Chuck Hull: Inventor Printer. Kolender v. San Diego County Civil Service Commission (Salenko), #D045266, 132 Cal.App.4th 1150, 2005 Cal. For Dummies Essay. App.

Lexis 1492, 2005 WL 2002283 (4th Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Dec] An intent to deceive is a necessary element of the offense of untruthfulness. Smith v. Co. of Riverside, #E037260, 2006 Cal. App. Networks: Thte Essay. Unpub. Lexis 2344 (4th Dist. 2005). [2006 FP Jul] Appeals panel affirms the termination of an FBI agent who, during the I-A interview, significantly understated the number of times he had misused a Bureau vehicle. It was unnecessary to prove an intent to deceive his superiors. cards). Ludlum v. Dept. of Justice, #01-3093, 278 F.3d 1280, 2002 U.S.

App. Lexis 1128 (Fed.Cir. 2002). [2002 FP Apr] Lying in a judicial proceeding or otherwise when under oath. A Chicago police officer was fired on the basis that he committed perjury in Philosophy Essay a proceeding concerning charges of criminal harassment against his second wife by stating that he did not testify in the divorce case involving his first wife. New Shows. An additional ground for the discharge was a finding that he made false statements in that first divorce proceeding (saying that he did not know where his first wife lived) and false statements in the criminal harassment trial, in violation of a departmental rule. An intermediate appeals court ruled that he had not committed the for Dummies Essay, crime of perjury, since his false statement at the criminal proceeding was immaterial to the issue of harassment. But the finding that he had made false statements in Chuck Hull: of Printer Essay the divorce trial and Philosophy Essay, harassment trial was not against Chuck Inventor of Printer Essay, the manifest weight of the for Dummies, evidence. The case was remanded to the Police Board for Inventor a determination of an appropriate punishment based solely on Philosophy for Dummies Essay the making of the Chuck the 3d Printer Essay, false statements alone. The appeals court also rejected the officer's argument that a finding of not guilty in a prior disciplinary action charging him with bigamy barred the present disciplinary action, finding that the earlier case arose out of a different set of facts. Taylor v. Police Board of the City of Chicago, #1-10-1156, 2011 Ill.

App. Lexis 1150, 2011 IL App (1st) 101156. Federal appeals court affirms the termination of a criminal investigator for falsely stating in a court affidavit that she was still married to a spouse from whom she was divorced more than six years earlier. Her claim that she had not read the document was not credible; as a trained criminal investigator who had attended law school, she would not likely sign an affidavit without reading the accompanying petition. Hernandez v. Department of Homeland Security, #2009-3038, 2009 U.S. App. Lexis 10021 (Unpub. Fed. Cir.). Appellate court sustains the termination of an officer who, while off-duty, engaged in a high-speed pursuit and failed to report that another officer had discharged his weapon. He stood mute as L__ lied about firing his gun.

When police officers fail to correct misinformation from their fellow officers, and for Dummies, lie to obstruct investigation into official misconduct, they have forsaken their central duties to protect the citizens of the community. Paul Edgecomb. Remus v. Sheahan, #1-06-0756, 2009 Ill. App. Philosophy. Lexis 18 (1st Dist.). A divided appellate court affirms the termination of a police officer that lied under oath to help a fellow officer who killed an Networks: Thte Subscriber, arrested man. In a 2-to-1 holding, the court set aside the arbitrator's award reducing the punishment to a three-day suspension because a penalty matrix used in deciding disciplinary punishment was not referenced in the bargaining agreement. City of Cincinnati v. Queen City Lodge (Spellen), #C- 040454, 2005 Ohio 1560, 2005 Ohio App. Lexis 1522 (2005); #A0509129 (Cm.Pl. For Dummies Essay. Hamil. Co.

2005). [2006 FP May] Ohio appellate court overturns an arbitration award where the Digital, punishment of an officer, who lied under oath, had been reduced from a termination to Philosophy for Dummies Essay, a three-day suspension. It is also common sense and an inherent expectation that law enforcement officers taking an oath to uphold laws and serve the community must not lie. Honesty and service to paul edgecomb, the community are expectations of all law enforcement officers. A violation of this trust impairs an officer's ability to perform the duties of his/her job. Philosophy Essay. City of Cincinnati v. Queen City L-69, F.O.P., # C-040454, 2005 Ohio App. Lexis 1522, 2995 Ohio 1560 (1st Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Jun] Justice Dept. indicts a Deputy U.S. Marshal for perjury, following an intimate relationship with an alternate juror in Digital Essay the Oklahoma bombing prosecution of Timothy McVeigh. Although cleared of the accusation that he intended to influence the verdict, he allegedly lied to his superior (18 U.S.

Code §1001) and before a grand jury (18 U.S. For Dummies Essay. Code §1623) about his contacts with the juror. Paul Edgecomb. U.S. v. Benny Bailey, #1:02 CR 00095 (D.Colo. 2002); DoJ Press Release 02-103. Dismissal sustained for for Dummies untruthfulness before an paul edgecomb, official hearing board. Foran v. Murphy, 342 N.Y.S.2d 4 (A.D.

1973). Appellate court upholds termination of a police officer who gave evasive answers to a grand jury. For Dummies. Donnelly v. Police Dept., 40 A.D.2d 649, 336 N.Y.S.2d 508 (1972). Termination upheld for filing an Chuck Essay, untruthful affidavit. Waseman v. Roman, 168 S.E.2d 548 (W.Va. Philosophy Essay. 1969). Lying to 5 page essays, superiors or internal affairs investigators. The Alaska Supreme Court ruled that the state Police Standards Council reasonably decided that a police officer was not of good moral character when he admitted that he lied and was evasive during an Philosophy for Dummies Essay, investigation into 5 page essays, alleged misconduct that included abuse of alcohol and making sexually offensive remarks to two female officers.

This was the basis for revoking the Essay, officer's police certificate. Alaska Police Standards Council v. Parcell, #S-15364, 2015 Alas. Lexis 40. A sheriff's deputy cracked a department vehicle's windshield by striking it with a binder while trying to shoo away a horsefly. He initially reported that the cracked windshield was the result of it being struck by a rock, but he later admitted his responsibility after another deputy reported the Digital Thte, truth. He was fired after an investigation for untruthfulness.

A county civil service board reversed the termination, and later issued a second decision upholding the termination after remand from a trial court. Philosophy For Dummies Essay. The Supreme Court of Kansas upheld an intermediate appeals court decision vacating the civil service board's first decision overturning the termination, finding both that the civil service board had exceeded its authority, and that its decision had not been substantially supported by the evidence. Denning v. What Is Difference Between Sunni. Johnson County Sheriff's Civil Serv. Bd., #104318, 2014 Kan. Lexis 421.

A police officer employed by a city was terminated after he committed an act of domestic battery and then lied about doing so. The union representing officers filed a grievance asserting that the for Dummies Essay, discharge was not for just cause. An arbitrator agreed, and ordered that he be reinstated. A trial court found that the arbitration decision was void and in Chuck Inventor of Essay violation of public policy. An appeals court upheld that ruling. Essay. We are aware of no case, and no statute, that requires an allegation of misconduct in this context be proved by clear and convincing evidence because the misconduct may also be criminal and because the City seeks to Save-A-Lot and Giant Eagle Essay, discharge the officer.

There is well-defined and dominant public policy against acts of Philosophy, domestic violence. Acts of domestic violence are even more disturbing when committed by a police officer whether on or off duty. It is and Giant Eagle Essay a violation of public policy to require the continued employment of an for Dummies, officer who has been found to be abusive and untruthful. We find the what between and shia, standard of proof is Philosophy for Dummies Essay preponderance of the evidence. Is Difference And Shia. The Arbitrator concluded the act was proved by Philosophy, a preponderance and the lie was proved by a preponderance. It would be repugnant to 5 page essays, public policy to retain [him] as a police officer in these circumstances. Decatur Police Benevolent and Protective Assn Labor Committee v. City of for Dummies, Decatur, #4-11-0764. 968 N.E.2d 749 (Ill. App. 2012).

A female employee at a state youth services agency failed to Networks: Thte Digital Line Essay, show that her termination was gender discrimination. She argued that her firing for lying about having had concerns about the wisdom of releasing a young man from residential custody into for Dummies, a community-based treatment program was a pretext for 5 page essays sex discrimination. The young man released committed a murder. She pointed to the fact that a male employee who initially told the same lie was not fired. The appeals court found that the two employees were not similarly situated as to their acts of dishonesty, in that the male employee quickly retracted his initial lie, while the for Dummies Essay, plaintiff did not. Twiggs v. Selig, #11-1682, 2012 U.S. App. Lexis 11210 (8th Cir.).

Administrative charges against is difference between, a police officer for making false statements about past misconduct in the course of an internal investigations were not barred by a one year limitations period provided in the Maryland Law Enforcement Officers Bill of Rights, Md. Code Public Safety §3-106(a). The limitations period starts to run from the day the officer's false statement came to their attention rather than from the date the underlying incident came to departmental attention. Robinson v. For Dummies Essay. Baltimore Police Dept., #2011-17, 2011 Md. Lexis775. A probationary correctional officer failed to show that she was constructively terminated and compelled to resign in retaliation for her refusal to 5 page essays, make false statements to a grand jury, in violation of her First Amendment rights. She had observed a couple arguing outside a home, and had allegedly been pressured by a police detective who was unsatisfied with her statements indicating that what she had observed had not been a battery.

He allegedly complained to her employer in Philosophy an attempt to bully her into changing her story, which she refused to do. Subscriber Line. She failed to show that the alleged firing was retaliatory, and had no protected interest in staying on the job, given her probationary status. Redd v. Nolan, #10-2680, 2011 U.S. App. Lexis 23692 (7th Cir.).

Federal Merit Boards sustains the termination of a criminal investigator for untruthfulness and failing to timely inform agency management of a confidential informant's misconduct. For Dummies Essay. Bencomo v. Dept. of Homeland Security, #DA-0752-09-0332-I-1, 2011 MSPB 22. Rejecting a defense that memories are inaccurate, an Ohio arbitrator upholds the termination of a police officer accused of springer, lying to for Dummies Essay, a citizen and to his superiors. . discharge is an acceptable penalty in light of the higher standard expected of officers of the law, and the grievant previously was counseled about untruthfulness. FOP Ohio and jerry new shows, City of Springboro, FMCS #09-02052 (Nowell, 2010). Even though a postal worker was acquitted of Essay, theft charges, an appellate court affirms his conviction for making false statements to Digital Thte Subscriber Line Essay, postal inspectors. United States v. Algee, #08-3196, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 6007, 2010 FED App.

0081P (6th Cir.). In affirming the termination of a federal worker for for Dummies lack of candor, the 5 page essays, undisputed evidence demonstrates that, moments after she left a voicemail message for her supervisor stating that she was unable to report for duty due to illness, background laughter ensued, and she admitted that she came up with excuses for her absences on both dates. This undermined the Essay, credibility of Digital Thte, her statements to her supervisor and demonstrated her lack of candor. Smith v. Dept. of Philosophy Essay, Interior, #DC-0752-09-0135-I-1, 2009 MSPB 165, 2009 MSPB Lexis 5660. Arbitrator reinstates a state trooper who was fired for untruthfulness. The grievant was under extreme stress from his workload, from his family, [and] from a racial profiling charge. The reinstatement was ordered without back pay or benefits and the grievant shall be granted immediate retirement. State of Ohio and Ohio State Troopers Assn., Grievance No. 15-03-080122-0004-04-01, 125 LA (BNA) 428 (Feldman, 2008). Arbitrator sets aside the termination of a state trooper who lied about following an agency policy. This was the first apparent instance of untruthfulness, he was under extreme stress at Save-A-Lot Eagle Essay, work and at home. Philosophy. The arbitrator ordered the Save-A-Lot Eagle Essay, grievant to be reinstated without back pay or benefits and granted immediate retirement. State of Ohio and Troopers Assn., Grievance #15-03-080122-0004-04-01, 125 LA (BNA) 428 (Feldman 2008).

Arbitrator sustains the termination of Essay, a municipal employee that intentionally delayed providing notification of his divorce to Chuck of the 3d Essay, management so that his ex-wife could continue to access his health insurance coverage; when confronted, the grievant was not honest or forthcoming. City of Eugene and AFSCME L-1724, 124 LA (BNA) 1724 (Henner, 2008). Illinois federal court delineates when untruthfulness by a police officer warrants termination, and when it does not. The appellant lied about his whereabouts during a sick day, mischaracterized a conversation between him and Philosophy Essay, another officer during roll call, and lied that he was threatened by a fellow officer. Paul Edgecomb. The substance of these falsehoods do not directly relate to [his] public duties as a police officer, nor are they lies resulting from official police business, and therefore do not warrant termination.

Harder v. Vil. of for Dummies Essay, Forest Park, #05-C-5800, 2008 U.S. Dist. Lexis 36892 (N.D.Ill.). New York's highest court upholds the termination of a police officer for giving false and misleading statements to members of the Internal Affairs Bureau. Duncan v. Kelly, #47-SSM-36, 2008 N.Y. Lexis 66, 2008 NY Slip Op 00181, 2008 NY Int. 5. New York appellate court rejects an unusual theory that a probationary NYPD officer should not have been fired for 5 page essays making false and misleading statements to Philosophy Essay, internal affairs investigators, because the underlying offense of credit card fraud occurred before he was hired. The panel also discarded a claim that internal affairs lacked authority to question him about preservice conduct because hiring decisions are made by the city's Dept. of is difference, Admin. Services.

Matter of Duncan v. Philosophy. Kelly, #104079/04, 2007 NY Slip Op 06408, 2007 N.Y. And Giant Essay. App. Div. Lexis 8923 (1st Dept.). N.H. Essay. Supreme Court upholds the termination of a police chief who gave agency ammunition to a businessman and then lied about his conduct.

His lack of candor was a violation of the police dept's policy of paul edgecomb, truthfulness in an investigation and fell below the Essay, standard of 5 page essays, behavior appropriate for Essay his position. Yoder v. Middleton, #2004-122, 2005 N.H. Lexis 101 (N.H. 2005). Nebraska Supreme Court upholds the decertification of a state trooper who repeatedly physically abused his wife and also lied to an investigating officer. Save-A-Lot Essay. Hauser v. Nebraska Police Standards Advisory Council, #S-03-1386, 269 Neb. 541, 694 N.W.2d 171, 2005 Neb. Lexis 64 (2005). [2005 FP Jun]

Appeals court declines to overturn the termination of a police officer who violated agency policy and was untruthful about his conduct. Honesty is critical to an officer's performance of Philosophy for Dummies Essay, duty. Huemiller, v. Ogden Civil Service Cmsn., #20010968-CA, 2004 UT App 375, 101 P.3d 394, 2004 Utah App. Save-A-Lot Essay. Lexis 414 (2004). [2005 FP Mar] Although termination might not be appropriate for making a false insurance claim 14 years earlier, an Philosophy Essay, arbitrator upholds the dismissal because the officer lied during the I-A investigation and continued to Digital Thte Line Essay, mislead his superiors up until his time of Philosophy for Dummies Essay, termination. Kitsap Co. and K.C. Deputy Sheriff's Guild, 118 LA (BNA) 1173, AAA #75-L-390-00240-02 (Gaba, 2003). [2004 FP Feb] Oregon courts affirm an arbitrator's decision to reinstate an officer who used marijuana and lied about it.

Reinstatement does not offend considerations of public policy against drug use or dishonesty, and is consistent with a policy of the rehabilitation of drug users. Washington Co. Police Assn. v. Washington Co., Ore. Chuck Of The 3d. Empl. Rel. Bd. #UP 76-99; aff'd, SC#S49518, 335 Ore.

198, 63 P.3d 1167, 2003 Ore. Philosophy. Lexis 120, 172 LRRM (BNA) 2037 (Ore. 2003); action on springer remand at #A114208, 69 P.3d 767; 2003 Ore. App. Lexis 629, 172 LRRM (BNA) 2592 (Ore. App. 2003). [2003 FP Sep] Appeals panel affirms the termination of an FBI agent who, during the I-A interview, significantly understated the number of times he had misused a Bureau vehicle. It was unnecessary to prove an intent to deceive his superiors. cards).

Ludlum v. Dept. of Justice, #01-3093, 278 F.3d 1280, 2002 U.S. Philosophy For Dummies. App. Lexis 1128 (Fed.Cir. 2002). [2002 FP Apr] Arbitrator upholds the termination of an officer who lied about paul edgecomb, having sex in a police car while on duty. City of Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio and Fraternal Order of Police, FMCS #010302/007108-6, 116 LA (BNA) 545 (2001). [2002 FP Mar]

Supreme Court declines to review police termination case where trooper lied about having sex on Philosophy for Dummies Essay duty. Martin v. Kentucky State Police, #98-466, 119 S.Ct. 511, 1998 U.S. Lexis 7289, 142 L.Ed.2d 424 (1998). [1999 FP 40] In a case of major importance, the Supreme Court reverses lower decisions; upholds the termination of and shia, employees who lied to their superiors. Punishment also can be added for those who lie. LaChance v. For Dummies Essay. Erickson, 1522 U.S. 262, 118 S.Ct. 753 (1998). [1998 FP 35]

Appellate court affirms termination of 5 page essays, NYPD officer who lied at for Dummies, an internal affairs interview. His retraction of earlier statements did not excuse the untruthful answers. Spiratos v. Safir, 672 N.Y.S.2d 311 (A.D. 1998). Arbitrator upholds termination of and shia, trooper who stopped an attractive motorist for no apparent reason, and then flirted with her. He also lied about the incident to his superiors. Ohio (State of) and for Dummies, FOP Council 1, 34 (1693) G.E.R.R. (BNA) 1702 (Feldman, 1996). [1997 FP 36] Federal appeals court upholds termination of police officer for lying to superiors concerning his sexual relationship with a former officer.

Sweeney v. City of Ladue, 25 F.3d 702, 1994 U.S. App. Lexis 13215, 64 FEP Cases (BNA) 1633 (8th Cir. 1994). [1994 FP 149] Arbitrator reinstates a fire lieutenant that polluted a urine sample. He did not abuse drugs, but did engage in deception. Reinstatement without back pay was sufficient punishment. Fort Lauderdale (City of) and Prof. Chuck Hull: Printer Essay. Firefighters L-1545, 115 LA (BNA) 418 (Mittenthal, 2001). Philosophy Essay. [2001 FP 78] Washington state appellate court affirms termination of a deputy sheriff who lied to get in a training course helpful to his national guard service.

Kursar v. Whatcom Co., #44585-5-I, 101 Wn. Paul Edgecomb. App. Philosophy Essay. 1013, 2000 Wash. App. Lexis 903. [2001 FP 13-4] California appellate court holds that a civil service commission abused its discretion when it reduced a termination to a 90-day suspension, imposed on a deputy sheriff who lied to cover up a fellow officer's physical abuse of an inmate. Kolender v. San Diego Co. Civ. Serv. Cmsn. (Berry), #D045268, 132 Cal.App.4th 716, 34 Cal.Rptr.3d 1, 2005 Cal. App.

Lexis 1421 (4th Dist. 2005). Chuck. [2005 FP Dec] Resume fraud or job application omissions and Essay, falsehoods. Appellate court affirms the termination of a NYPD officer, who, during the hiring process, concealed the fact that he had been a suspect in a criminal homicide while in the army and had associated with members of a gang that had committed a homicide. Essay. Walsh v. Kelly, #3916, 2010 NY Slip Op 9346, 912 N.Y.S.2d 406, 2010 N.Y. App. Div. Lexis 9416.

Federal Merit Board sustains the termination of a government employee who falsely stated in his job application that he had earned a master's degree and also misrepresented his military duty status. Crump v. For Dummies. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, #CH-0752-06-0820-I-4, 2010 MSPB 119. Arbitrator orders reinstatement of a federal prison employee who omitted mention of receiving non-judicial punishment while in the Navy. The grievant was honorably discharged from military service and was subsequently employed with companies engaged in security sensitive operations. Fed.

Bur. of jerry, Prisons and for Dummies, AFGE L-3969, 126 LA (BNA) 201, FMCS Case #08/54183 (Riker, 2009). Fifth Circuit upholds the rejection of a minority police officer applicant who had concealed his termination and falsely claimed still to be working as an officer at the time of application. Smart v. What Is Difference. Geren, #08-50448, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 24995 (Unpub.

6th Cir.). Rejected Haitian applicant for state trooper position failed to establish that he was qualified, after a supplemental investigation revealed six discrepancies in his application: (1) false statements to the Social Security Administration; (2) omission of having filed for divorce; (3) omission of school transcripts; (4) omission of a physical altercation with his wife; (5) automobile insurance fraud; and (6) fraud in applying for a Florida drivers license. Gaston v. State of New Jersey, #08-1831, 2008 US App (3rd) 1572, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 23576 (3rd Cir).

Arbitrator orders the reinstatement of a Bureau of Prisons employee in spite of her failure to disclose an investigation of Essay, her at Save-A-Lot and Giant Essay, another location. She had an Philosophy Essay, excellent work record and was cleared of charges. Moreover, management could not establish that she intentionally gave a false statement, Fed. Bur. of Hull: Printer Essay, Prisons and AFGE L-0922, FMCS Case #07-02327, 125 LA (BNA) 573 (Nicholas). Appellate panel rejects a retaliation lawsuit brought by a sexual harassment complainant who was fired after management learned that she falsely claimed to have a bachelor's degree. Kosan v. Utah Dept. of Corrections, #07-4261, 2008 U.S. For Dummies. App. Lexis 18381 (10th Cir.). Federal appeals court sustains the termination of an Air Force employee that failed to reveal the fact that she had been fired from another job in the last five years. 5 Page Essays. Even if the appellant assumed that the Philosophy Essay, question related solely to federal employment, the form clearly indicated discharges from any job.

Wolfbauer v. O.P.M., #2008-3173, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 14706 (Unpub. Fed. Cir.). Arbitrator upholds discharge of an insubordinate worker, where management offered after-acquired evidence that the grievant had falsified his employment application to hide criminal conduct. Bi-State Development Agency and Amal. Transit Union L-788, FMCS Case No. 0830/59822-A, 125 LA (BNA) 54 (Daly, 2008).

Federal Merit Board sustains the termination of a worker that failed to disclose multiple domestic violence convictions in Networks: Thte his employment application. Christopher v. Dept. of the Army, Docket #AT-0752-07-0092-I-1, 2008 MSPB 2. Federal Merit Board overturns an arbitrator that upheld the termination of a FLETC instructor for falsifying her educational qualifications. She listed a degree from Hamilton University, an institution that lacks Dept. of Education approval and grants credit for life experiences. To sustain a falsification charge, management must prove an employee supplied incorrect information with the intention of defrauding the Philosophy, agency. She did earn a bachelor's degree in criminal justice from 5 page essays Hamilton, but the arbitrator focused on the value of the degree. For Dummies Essay. FitzGerald v. Paul Edgecomb. Dept. of Homeland Security, #CB-7121-07-0014-V-1, 2008 MSPB 17, 107 MSPR 666, 2008 MSPB Lexis 17. Federal Merit Board votes 2-to-1 to reverse the termination of a federal air marshal that falsified his application by omitting a prescription drug he had taken. Asking an appellant to Philosophy for Dummies Essay, disclose the medications he is jerry taking prior to extending a job offer violates 42 U.S. Code §12111(d) and 29 C.F.R. Philosophy For Dummies. §1630.13(a).

The majority relied on Downs v. Mass. 5 Page Essays. Bay Transp. Auth., 8 AD Cases (BNA) 447, 13 F.Supp.2d 130 (D. Mass. 1998). The dissenting member wrote that the Supreme Court's decisions in Philosophy for Dummies LaChance v. 5 Page Essays. Erickson, #96-1395, 522 U.S. 262 (1998) and Bryson v. United States, #35, 396 U.S.

64 (1969) hold that a federal employee does not have the right to lie, even as a response to an improper question. Evans v. Philosophy Essay. Dept. of Homeland Security, #AT-0752-05-0844-I-1, 2007 MSPB 297; 2007 MSPB Lexis 7068. Arbitrator holds that a detention center improperly terminated a correctional officer that falsified his employment application by omitting two instances when a prior employer recommended disciplinary action. From the time the grievant falsified his pre-employment application, a period of 44 months elapsed until he was terminated [and] the misrepresentations of the Save-A-Lot and Giant, grievant on his pre-employment application were not material to the employer at the time of his termination. Essay. Disciplinary action is reversed Federal Detention Center Miami and AFGE) L-501, FMCS Case #07/51043, 123 LA (BNA) 1236. (J. Wolfson, 2007). MSPB confirms the termination of a Bureau of Prisons employee who gave false answers about child support questions in his employment application. The test is, would the agency hire an applicant if he or she had been truthful?

Cameron v. Dept. of Justice, #DE-0752-04-0155-I-1, 2004 MSPB Lexis 3178 (Rptd. 2005). An employee cannot use the FMLA (or other civil rights laws) to claim retaliatory termination when he was properly fired for falsifying his job-application, and there was no evidence that the what is difference sunni and shia, employer's rule punishing untruthful applications is applied more harshly to employees who make legal claims against the company than against other employees who falsify their applicant forms. Aubuchon v. Knauf, #03-1382, 359 F.3d 950, 2004 U.S. App. Lexis 4347, 9 WH Cases2d (BNA) 711 (7th Cir. 2004). GAO targets phony degrees held by federal workers. A Senate Committee asked the GAO to investigate the use of diploma mill degrees to obtain positions and promotions and whether those degrees were paid for with federal funds. Arbitrator sustains the Philosophy for Dummies Essay, firing of a worker who consciously omitted listing prior surgeries and disability claims in her pre-employment application. Birmingham Steel and U.S.W.A.

L-9777, FMCS Case #00/08457, 116 LA (BNA) 61 (Doering, 2001). Arbitrator sustains the 5 page essays, termination of a county employee who, in Philosophy Essay her job application, omitted the fact that she had resigned from a criminal justice job, while under suspension. Multnomah County and M.C. Employees L-88, AFSCME C-75, 115 LA (BNA) 1499 (Calhoun, 2001). [2001 FP 173-4] Arbitrator rules that a private employer did not have just cause to discharge an employee who falsely answered question on the employment application about whether he had ever been convicted of felony. Springer New Shows. He worked for Essay over a year without incident and appears to be rehabilitated. Trailmobile and PACE, 112 LA (BNA) 1108 (G. Cohen, 1999). Worker who concealed a conviction on his employment application is entitled to an a total disability compensation award for Digital Digital Line Essay a back injury.

The concealment was unrelated to the claim. Falls Church Constr. v. Philosophy. Laider, #962627, 8 (24) Wrk.Cmp. (BNA) 607 (Va. 1997). Colorado supreme court rejects all common law wrongful termination suits where the employee lied on the job application form. Crawford Rehabilitation v. Weisman, 938 P.2d 540, 1997 Colo. Lexis 491. [1997 FP 170-1] Federal appeals board reduces punishment of employee who concealed a conviction on his job application, from 5 page essays termination to a reprimand. Perez v. U.S.

Postal Service, 1997 MSPB Lexis 833, 75 MSPR 503. [1997 FP 155] Employer did not have just cause to discharge worker who, 11 years earlier, had falsified his employment application. His work had been satisfactory, and he admitted the for Dummies Essay, falsification when confronted. Plymouth Tube and UAW L-1448, 108 LA (BNA) 1016 (Heekin, 1997). Appeals court sustains termination of firefighter who failed to disclose on his application he had been a long-term drug addict. Save-A-Lot Eagle. Brennan v. Kaluczky, 641 N.Y.S.2d 176 (A.D. 1996). [1997 FP 43-4] Private employer had just cause to terminate an employee that had falsely stated he quit a prior job to care for his mother, when in fact he had been in prison for a felony. Amer. Comm.

Vehicles and UPIU L-7785, 107 LA (BNA) 1 (Bittel, 1996). Federal court affirms an Essay, arbitration award reinstating an employee who gave a false name to conceal the fact he was an illegal alien at that time. Termination was without just cause in light of his nine years of the 3d Printer Essay, faithful service and naturalization as a citizen. Philosophy. Great Atlantic and L-338 RWDS Union, 1996 U.S.Dist. Digital Thte Subscriber Essay. Lexis 5255 (S.D.N.Y.). [1996 FP 173] Florida appellate court sustains termination of sheriff's employee for intentionally omitting his prior employment as a police officer in N.H., even though personnel board recommended a 90-day disciplinary suspension. Philosophy For Dummies. Philbrick v. Co. of Volusia, 668 So.2d 341 (Fla.App. 1996).

Fed. app. The 3d Printer Essay. ct. affirms back pay and Philosophy Essay, reinstatement awards of woman f/f that was terminated for concealing her prior foot surgery on her employment application. Jury found the omission was not a serious medical problem and that fire dept. Save-A-Lot And Giant Essay. discriminated against Philosophy for Dummies, her because of her fall from a fire truck and a back injury. Thomlinson v. Omaha, 63 F.3d 786 (8th Cir. 1995). Employer had just cause to paul edgecomb, terminate an employee who, in his employment application, concealed a conviction, lied about his education and Philosophy for Dummies Essay, failed to disclose a term in Save-A-Lot and Giant Essay prison. Philosophy For Dummies Essay. Trane Co. and Electronic Workers, 104 LA (BNA) 1121 (Johnson, 1995). Mixed motives: Just cause existed to discharge an employee who falsified his employment application, even though the misconduct was discovered after he was investigated for distributing socialist literature. Cone Mills v. ACTWU, 103 LA (BNA) 745 (Byars 1994). NY appellate court affirms termination of NYCPD officer for omitting mention of ongoing psychological treatment in his preservice application. Paul Edgecomb. Gray v. Dept. of for Dummies, Personnel, 592 N.Y.S.2d 376 (A.D.

1993). [1994 FP 28] Federal appeals court allows an otherwise wrongfully terminated employee to is difference sunni and shia, collect double back wages up until the time an employer discovers misrepresentation in the employment application. Kristufek v. Hussman Foodservice Co., 985 F.2d 364 (7th Cir. For Dummies Essay. 1993). [1994 FP 11] Appellate court affirms termination of NYPD officer who omitted, on his employment application, any mention of his military service and paul edgecomb, the use of an Philosophy for Dummies, alias. Angelopoulos v. N. Y. 5 Page Essays. Civil Serv. Cmsn., 574 N.Y.S.2d 44 (A.D. 1991). [1992 FP 133-4] Federal appeals court reverses backpay awarded to a victim of sex discrimination.

Later discovered evidence of a falsified application voided her otherwise valid claim of wrongful termination. Milligan-Jensen v. Michigan Tech. Essay. Univ., 975 F.2d 302 (6th Cir. 1992); Cert. 5 Page Essays. Dismissed, 114 S.Ct. Essay. 22 (1993). [1993 FP 77-8 142] City could also defend its failure to promote an officer on Chuck Hull: of the 3d Printer Essay the basis of derogatory information learned after his promotion was rejected.

Untruthfulness about Philosophy for Dummies Essay, academic credentials barred his promotion even though degree was not a promotional requirement. Springer. Gilty v. Vil. of Oak Park, 919 F.2d 1247 (7th Cir. 1990). Illinois disbars a lawyer who misrepresented the circumstances relating to his termination as a Chicago police officer. In re Thomas W. Jordan, 478 N.E.2d 316, 1985 Ill. Lexis 21. Police officer could be terminated for misrepresenting his prior employment record and his draft status.

Purdy v. Cole, 317 So.2d 820, 1975 Fla. App. Lexis 13837.

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Currency analysis of US dollar and RMB. Period to 1994: Prior to 1994, China maintained a dual exchange rate system. For Dummies Essay! This consisted of an official fixed exchange rate system, which was used by the government, and a relatively market-based exchange rate system that was used by jerry springer new shows importers and exporters in swap markets. The two exchange rates differed significantly. Essay! For example, the official exchange rate with the dollar in new shows 1993 was 5. 77 Yuan versus 8. 70 Yuan in the swap markets. The foreign exchange was highly restricted in order to limit imports, resulting in a large black market for foreign exchange. We will write a custom essay sample.

on Currency analysis of US dollar and RMB or any similar. topic specifically for for Dummies you. From 1994 to 2005: In 1994, the Chinese government unified the two exchange rate systems at an initial rate of 8. 70 Yuan to the dollar, which eventually was allowed to rise to 8. 28 by 1997 and was then kept relatively constant until July 2005. Paul Edgecomb! From 1994 until July 2005, China maintained a policy of Philosophy, pegging the RMB to the U. S. dollar at an exchange rate of roughly 8. What And Shia! 28 Yuan to the dollar and Chinese central bank maintained this peg by buying (or selling) as many dollar-denominated assets in exchange for newly printed Yuan as needed to eliminate excess demand (supply) for the Yuan. The peg appears to have been largely intended to promote a relatively stable environment for foreign trade and Philosophy for Dummies, investment in is difference between sunni and shia China. From 2005 to Essay 2008: From 2005, Chinese government started to reform the peg. The Chinese government modified its currency policy on July 21, 2005 and the exchange rate of the U. What Is Difference Between Sunni And Shia! S. dollar against the RMB would be adjusted from 8. 28 Yuan to 8. 11, an Philosophy appreciation of 2. 1%. The government announced that the RMBs exchange rate would become adjustable, based on market supply and demand with reference to exchange rate movements of currencies in a basket. The situation in what is difference sunni the next three years would be described into management float which is the market forces determined the general 1 1 direction of the RMBs movement. As we know that from July 21, 2005 to July 21, 2008 the dollar-RMB exchange rate.

Page 2 Currency analysis of Essay, US dollar and RMB Essay. went from 8. 11 to new shows 6. 83, an appreciation of 18. 7%. From 2008 to 2010: China halted its currency appreciation policy around mid-July 2008, mainly because of declining global demand for Chinese products that resulted from the effects of the global financial crisis. The global financial crisis from 2008 to 2009 will be discussed later in the report. The Chinese government intervened to prevent any further appreciation of the Essay RMB to 5 page essays the dollar because of the declining exports and the huge unemployment rate in 2009. The RMB/dollar exchange rate was held relatively constant at 6. For Dummies! 83 through around mid-June 2010. From 2010 to now: On June 19, 2010, the is difference between sunni Peoples Bank of Philosophy Essay, China (PBC), stated that, it had decided to Eagle proceed further with reform of the RMB exchange rate regime and to enhance the RMB exchange rate flexibility and it is important to avoid any sharp and massive fluctuations of the RMB exchange rate.

After that, the RMBs exchange rate with the dollar has gone up and down since RMB appreciation was resumed, but overall, it has appreciated. From June 19, 2010, to July 10, 2013, the Yuan/dollar exchange rate went from 6. 83 to 6. 17, an appreciation of 10. 7%. Most of the appreciation occurred in 2010 and 2011. From January 1, 2012, to July 10, 2013, the RMB appreciated by only 2. 1% against the dollar.

Analysis Factors that affect currency Aside from factors such as interest rate and inflation, the exchange rate is one of the most important determinants of Philosophy for Dummies Essay, a countrys relative level of economic health. Exchange rates play a vital role in a countrys level of trade, which is critical to Save-A-Lot Eagle most every free market economy in the world. For this reason, exchange rates are among the most watched analyzed and governmentally manipulated economic measures. How exchange rate 2 2 movements affect a nations trading relationships with other nations. A higher currency makes a countrys exports more expensive and imports cheaper in foreign markets; a lower currency makes a countrys exports cheaper and its imports more expensive in Philosophy for Dummies Essay foreign markets. A higher exchange rate can be. expected to lower the countrys balance of trade, while a lower exchange rate would increase it. The exchange rate between the U. S. dollar and Digital Thte Subscriber Line, the Chinese Yuan has been a matter of Philosophy for Dummies, contention between the two governments for 5 page essays quite some time. Put simply, the U. Philosophy! S. accuses China of manipulating the Save-A-Lot and Giant Eagle Essay currency exchange rate. Strictly speaking, that is exactly right, as it must be for unilaterally fixed exchange rates.

In practice, the USD/CNY currency rate trades at a rate higher where it would be in Essay a free-floating market, making Chinas exports cheaper than they would otherwise be and making imports into China correspondingly more expensive. The U. S. has tried many different ways to get China to adjust its position on the currency issue such as negotiations, threats and 5 page essays, trying to line up allies in the fight. Most recently, the Senate passed a bill aimed squarely at the Chinese though officially targeting any country with a fundamentally misaligned currency that would empower the Philosophy government to impose import tariffs on Chinese goods if the exchange rate is not changed. Although the bill does not seem likely to get through the House or signed into law, the Chinese have not surprisingly responded with a fair bit of anger. Included in this has been the requisite warning that such a move violates World Trade Organization rules and could prompt retaliation and 5 page essays, ultimately a trade war. Thats not all. Philosophy For Dummies! China added a bit of heft to its words this time. After the bill passed, the Chinese reset the exchange rate to the USD to 6. 3598, an increase of Inventor of Printer, 116 pips. Philosophy For Dummies! A 0. 116% move is not exactly a world-changer, but it does reverse the trend in the exchange rate.

The meaning of the move is 5 page essays lost on no one. This is not a large move, and it is not going to dramatically alter any trade flows or business. Moreover, the for Dummies Essay impact of jerry new shows, this move is likely 3. 3 being magnified by the fact that the currency markets are nervous, risk-averse and news-starved right now. In such a market, any turbulence can get blown out of proportion quite quickly. There is another meaning, though, and its more significant. This moves reemphasizes that China will not be jawboned or pushed around by for Dummies the U. S. when it comes to matters of economic policy. Perhaps more so than any other major economic power today, China is hypersensitive to any perceived slight or infringement on its national sovereignty. This is a byproduct of being pushed around by Thte Digital Subscriber Western powers not all that long ago.

While Japan tolerated the Philosophy for Dummies railings of U. S. What Between! politicians against its unfair trade practices with little public reaction, Chinas fuse is cut much shorter. Along those lines, this currency move reminds investors that China can be a major destabilizing force in the global economy if and when it wants to do so. While U. S. and European political and financial heads try to triage the Philosophy Essay Greece situation, China stands by with the ammunition to cause yet another global credit crisis if it so chooses to do so (leaving aside that China has much to lose from it as well). How It Will Impact U. S. Businesses and Investors: Assuming that China is simply making a political point and does not intend to force a new trend of Networks: Digital Line Essay, Yuan depreciation, the impact of for Dummies Essay, this particular move will be minimal.

Its a tiny change to almost anyone who isnt a highly levered currency trader. With the G20 summit coming on in early November, it is likely that China will want to be seen as powerful but sensible. Thus far, the G20 has been reluctant to support the U. S. position on Chinas currency exchange rate, and China needs that to continue. Is Difference Between Sunni! Longer term, there are certainly ramifications from this currency policy and a potential trade war. Those politicians advocating a new tariff on Chinese imports might want to for Dummies look up Smoot Hawley and see how well that all worked out.

Sparking a new recession 4 4 just to win a few political points is not an economically sound strategy. At the same time, it is worth remembering that China is not the sole source of the Save-A-Lot Eagle U. S. s economic problems. China did not force U. S. banks to loan money to less credit worthy borrowers, it did not allow Medicare and Medicaid to become hydra-like monsters, and it did not force the U. S. to rack up huge debts and deficits to simultaneously fund wars and Essay, tax cuts. Consumers and investors also need to realize that a compliant China has costs as well. A stronger Chinese currency will mean that Chinese imports are more expensive. That means more pain at the store. In theory, some of the manufacturing that was off shored to China will come back, but in practice it is paul edgecomb more likely that it would just be moved on to a cheaper country like Vietnam with no net improvement in U. S. Essay! jobs. This would also result in more expensive goods for Hull: of the 3d Printer Essay U. S. shoppers. At the same time, this policy costs China as well.

China has an inflation problem that is exacerbated by its artificial currency exchange rate. The exchange rate, and the position of the U. S. dollar as a global reserve currency, allows us to effectively export inflation. Likewise, Chinas currency policy is essentially a subsidy to its manufacturing sector and subsidies tend to have familiar consequences. The protected industries get fat, soft, and lazy and cannot compete once the subsidy becomes economically nonviable. The Effects of Financial Crisis from 2008 to 2009 As the U. Essay! S. subprime mortgage crisis evolved into a global financial crisis, there was a significant slowdown in paul edgecomb the appreciation of the RMB exchange rate. Obviously, the financial crisis impact on the exchange rate is unprecedented in for Dummies Essay breadth and depth. In the previous period, the central bank of China allowed the RMB to appreciate against 5 page essays, the dollar by about 21%. However, once the effects of the global economic crisis began to become apparent, the U. S. dollar, a safe haven currency, was no longer safe, and Philosophy, investors 5 5 exchanged their U. S. dollar for British pounds and Euros.

As a result, the U. What Is Difference And Shia! S. Philosophy! dollar plunged relative to those currencies. China halted appreciation of the RMB in an effort to limit job losses in industries dependent on trade. There are several main factors influenced the exchange rate, include Chinas economic growth conditions, foreign exchange reserves position, the existing price level and Digital Thte Line, inflation, moreover, outside of China, the United States exerted pressure on RMB appreciation and Essay, the appreciation of non-dollar currency trade pressure on China. During the financial crisis, the United States, the euro area and Japan, the springer three major economies, their own economic recession, resulting in shrinking external demand to China, in November 2008 the highest negative growth rate hit a decade -9%. The GDP measured in RMB, one third from exports, so the reduction in exports makes the whole year GDP growth dropped to 9%. If the sharp appreciation of the Yuan continues, it would bring negative impacts to exports ; so in this stage of the financial crisis, RMB necessary to maintain a relatively stable. In addition, the U. S response to the 2008-2009 credit crisis by taking some measures, such as write-offs by holders of for Dummies, bad debt, government purchase of debt securities, and government capital injections to is difference sunni and shia support liquidity.

From the second half of 2009, there was a significant recovery in the global economy. As a result of improved external demand, Chinas export growth rate from December 2009 onwards from negative to for Dummies positive, and in the first half of 5 page essays, 2010, the Philosophy average monthly growth rate reached 36%. Chuck Inventor The 3d! In June 2010 the exchange rate reform is restarted. Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) In China a Big Mac costs Yuan 16 (local currency), while in the United States the same Big Mac costs $4. 56. The actual spot exchange rate was Yuan 6. Philosophy! 13/$ at this time. The price of Digital Digital Subscriber Essay, a Big Mac in China in U. S. dollar terms was therefore Price of Big Mac in China In Yuan = Yuan 16 Yuan/$ spot rate. Yuan 6. 13/$ 6 = $2. 61 6 Then calculate the implied purchasing power parity rate of exchange using the actual price the Big Mac in Essay China over the price of the paul edgecomb Big Mac in the United States in U. S. dollars Price of Big Mac in China in for Dummies Yuan = Yuan 16 = Yuan 3. 51/$ Price of Big Mac in the U. S. in $ $4.

56 Now comparing this implied PPP rate of Save-A-Lot Eagle, exchange, Yuan 3. 51/$, with the actual market rate of exchange at that time. Yuan 6. 13/$, the degree to Philosophy for Dummies which the Yuan is Digital Networks: Digital Subscriber Essay wither undervalued or overvalued versus the dollar Implied Rate Actual Rate = Yuan3. 51/$ Yuan 6. 13/$ = -42. 8% Actual Rate Yuan 6. 13/$ There is a chart that is a history of Big Mac Index between US and China. (See Exhibits 1. ) A forward rate is an exchange rate quoted today for Philosophy Essay settlement data some future date. F(Yuan/$ 90) = S(Yuan/$)* [1+(i(yuan)*90/360)] [1+(i$*90/360)] =6. 13* [1+(0. 06*1/4)] [1+(0. 0025*1/4)] =6. 13* 1. 015 1. 000625 =6. 13*1. 0144 =Yuan 6. 22/$ Example of CIA. (See exhibit 2).

Forecast Fundamental Analysis: ? Economic Growth. (See exhibit 3) ? Financial markets. (See exhibit 3) Current spot rate: S;=; 6. 13/$ 7 7 ? Purchasing Power Parity Forecast: Yuan/U. Save-A-Lot! S. dollar in one year S1= ;6. 13/$ * [1+(2. 83%)] = ;6. 1648/$ [1+(2. 25%)] ? International Fischer Forecasts: forecast the following future spot exchange rates using the government bonds rates for respective country currencies.

S1= ;6. 13/$ * [1+(6%)] = ;6. 4816/$ [1+(0. 25%)] ? Political and social infrastructure: 1. The U. S. government was shut down on Oct. 1, 2013. After 11 business days, the U. S. Philosophy For Dummies! Federal reopened on Oct.

16. The CNY/USD rate decreased rapidly from ;6. 122/$ to ;6. Chuck Hull: Inventor Printer! 0813/$ on Oct. 23. It leads to appreciate CNY. Since the U. S. government was shutdown, the CPI sample of October will be incomplete, this affects the veracity; it will appear deviation, and it will affect the next seven months CPI. Philosophy For Dummies! 2. The CNY will be interfered by Thte Digital the market.

In other words, the CNY/USD rate will be appreciated. Facing financial crisis, U. S. government will issue much more government bonds to raise the money. However, U. For Dummies Essay! S. government will decrease the and Giant liability though appreciating other currency. In this case, the CNY/USD will appreciate. Chinese government will control the Essay exchange rate in order to maintain the balance of export. Paul Edgecomb! Technical Analysis: Historical Exchange Rate Summary: CNY/USD (see exhibit 4) The Chinese Yuan exchange rate for August 2013 averaged 6. 121 CNY to USD.

Thats 0. Essay! 014 points lower than the July, 2013 rate of 6. 135, and jerry, 23. 8 basis points lower than the Essay August, 2012 rate of 6. 359. Paul Edgecomb! The minor movement in the CNY/USD exchange rate from July to for Dummies August provides evidence that the short-term trend in CNY/USD is relatively flat. 8 8 If that trend continues in the currency market, we should see an 5 page essays average daily rate in December 2013 that is close to 6. 20. The average CNY/USD rate over the last 12 months was 6. Philosophy Essay! 20. The average rate over the last 10 years was 7. 22.

A lower Chinese Yuan to US Dollars exchange rate over the last 12 months compared to the average currency rates over the last 10 years serve as an indicator that the long-term rate trend in CNY/USD is down (weakening US Dollar against the Chinese Yuan). New Shows! The highest currency rate for CNY/USD over the last 12 months was 6. 32. The lowest was 6. 12. The market high was attained in September 2012. The market low was achieved in August 2013. Conclusion Trade wars are not nearly so bad as shooting wars, but they are serious nonetheless. Ultimately, the U. Philosophy! S. and China have to learn how to play together in the same sandbox.

In the meantime, China is doing what every other country does playing its strongest card. After all, the U. S. prints money to advance its politico-economic needs, the paul edgecomb Japanese keep their interest rates incredibly low and the Russians periodically shut off the gas lines to Europe. Ultimately, China will find that the cost of an artificial exchange rate is too much to bear. In the meantime, U. S. investors should realize that apart from adding a little jolt to an already-shaky market, the real consequences are likely to be less than feared. A consumer price index (CPI) measures in the price level of a market basket of consumer goods and prices purchased by Philosophy households. CPI shows the change of the inflation rate. What Is Difference Sunni And Shia! So the for Dummies forecast of the currency will be influenced. Additionally, based on fundamental analysis and technical analysis, the CNY/USD rate will appreciate in the short-term. Then, CNY will depreciate; the exchange rate will get new balance around the ;6.

20/$. 9 9 Exhibit 1 10 10 Exhibit 2 Example of CIA Assume that an investor has $1,000,000 and Save-A-Lot and Giant Eagle, several alternative but comparable CNY monetary investments. If the investor chooses to invest in for Dummies Essay a dollar money market instrument, the investor would earn the dollar rate of interest. 5 Page Essays! Start $1,000,000 S=Yuan6. 13/$ 11 i=. 25% per annual End *1. 000625% $1,000,625 $1,000,313. Essay! 5 90 Days F90=Yuan6. 22/$ 11 i=6% per annual Yuan6, 130,000 *1. 015% Yuan6,221,950 This exhibit shows investor may, however, choose to invest in a US money market instrument of identical risk and maturity for the same period. This action would require the investor invest the US dollar in a money market instrument.

Exhibit 3 ? Economic Growth: ? Financial markets: 12 12 Country China United Stated. Country China United Stated Exports 185644. Paul Edgecomb! 00 189221. 00 Current Units;per Inflation rate US$; Oct Year ago Latest Forecas 25th t 2013e 6. 13 6. 31 2. 6% 2. 83% 1. 00 1. 00 1. 5% 2. 25% Foreign direct investment 886. 00 37869. 00 Interest rate GDP 1-Yr Govt Latest 6. 0% 0. 25% Annual Growth rate 2. 2% 1. For Dummies Essay! 6% Exhibit 4 Historical Exchange Rate Summary: CNY/USD Average (Last 12 Months) 6. 20 Average (Last 10 Years) 7. 22 High (Last 12 Months) 6. 32 (September, 2012) Low (Last 12 Months) 6. 12 (August, 2013) High (Since January, 1981) 8. 73 (April, 1994) Low (Since January, 1981) 1. 55 (January, 1981)