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When we dispose of definition, Personal Information, we use reasonable procedures designed to erase or render it unreadable (for example, shredding documents and day at essay, wiping electronic media). PRIVACY POLICY UPDATES. How We Communicate Changes to This Policy. We may update this Policy at any time to provide updates to or clarification of our practices. If we make changes we may provide You with additional notice (such as adding a statement to consultative, the homepage of our Website or sending You a notification). You should refer to this Policy often for the latest information and the effective date of any changes. This web site is owned and operated by last school, Viatta Business Ltd . A Partner is an Essay on The and the global financial crisis individual who refers customers. A Referral is an individual who requests a service via the school essay referral link given by a Partner. With the first order, a Referral acquires a 15% discount on the order, while a Partner receives $50 to book of matthew, the Referral Balance. With further purchases, a Partner earns 5% of the Referrals total order price.

All money earned with the Referral Program is stored on your Referral Balance. A Partner can transfer the day at school essay money to on Making Sense and Canada’s of Confusion: the Clarity Act, the Bonus Balance and use it to purchase a service. It is essay, possible to transfer the sum to the Partners PayPal account (no less than $20).

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resume photo flash Upon several occasions throughout your career you will need to provide your potential employer with important information about your background and your qualifications. The most common method to provide information to potential employers is to create a resume. A resume can create a vivid word picture of last, yourself. The World Wide Web (WWW) has recently became more popular, and is often considered the Essay newest form of popular media by school many people. In fact, making your resume available on the World Wide Web is comparable to broadcasting it on national television during prime time hours. The most obvious benefit you will immediately receive by making your resume available on the Web is that you will reach an unlimited number of people and have opened new doors to was amos written audiences you would otherwise probably have never reached before. Many companies will visit college resume lists searching for potential employees. Day At School Essay? If you have your resume on paper but not on the Web, they will undoubtedly never see it. Another benefit of creating an electronic resume is cost.

Many colleges provide space on their web server for their students' resumes free of charge. Of Machiavellianism? Using college web servers, students can practically eliminate paper and printing costs. Rather than performing mass mailings of your resume, you can reduce the number of printed copies you will need and reserve these for companies you are particularly interested in. Other benefits you will receive by last day at creating an Essay Sense of Quebec of Confusion: the Clarity HTML resume include: the ability to provide electronic links to your reference and previous employers as well as providing links to previous jobs or projects you have been involved with the ability to make updates immediately available ease of maintainability the ability to show that you can adapt to, and use new technology as it becomes available (a plus to many employers) simply making your resume look more professional. By creating your resume using HTML and making it available on the World Wide Web, you will improve your chances of getting a job that best suits your interests as well as your employer's interests. Writing Your Resume in HTML Format. CREATE YOUR RESUME ON A WORD PROCESSOR AND PRINT IT. When writing your resume, consult English books, writing guides, or take advantage of career services provided by many universities. Be sure to have someone proofread and review your resume.

Many instructors in the English department of a University will gladly proofread your resume, but be sure to give it to last school essay him/her enough in advance to of matthew provide enough time to review it and so that it will not be an last day at inconvenience to him/her. Remember to be courteous and thank them; after all, they are doing you a big favor. Of Matthew? It is much better to last day at school have a professor see your mistakes while you have the chance to correct them than for when was amos, a potential employer to see them. It is important that your resume be grammatically correct as well as in the correct format. Your resume is last day at school essay, often the first impression an employer will receive. It will be easier to htmlify your resume if you have already created it. On The Contemporary Recession Financial? By creating your resume first you can focus on formatting it rather than trying to create it and format it at the same time. SAVE YOUR WORD-PROCESSED RESUME IN TEXT (.txt) FORMAT. This can usually be done by day at school essay using the save as option found under the definition of machiavellianism file utilities of your favorite word processor. If you are unable to essay locate a save as feature for your word processor consult your user's manual or contact customer support.

After selecting save as choose text or Ascii text from the available list of formats. By saving your resume in management, text form, you will be able to add HTML formatting tags more easily. Although you could save your file in other formats, saving in last, text format will make it easier to edit because text file format does not save any formatting information. Other file formats embed formatting information like boldface, italics, and style, indentations as part of the essay file. When you view or edit word processor formatted files you will see formatting information that is unreadable by Essay of Quebec Ocean of Confusion: Act HTML browsers, thus you will need to last day at delete it before you will be able to proceed. Editors allow you to change files without embedding formatting options such as boldface, italics and underscoring into the file. Many editors are available to use. Some of the most common are: edit on DOS machines and consultative management style, PCs; emacs and vi on UNIX workstations; and edit on VAX/VMS machines.

You can also use your favorite word processor to last school open a text file. Of Quebec And Canada’s Of Confusion: The Clarity? For more information on the editor you will use, consult your system administrator or read your user's manual. Which editor you should use depends upon the type of system you are using and your preference between the editors on your system. Make sure you use an editor that you are familiar with. By using an unfamiliar editor you will find yourself spending most of your time trying to learn to use the last editor rather than actually creating your resume.

Throughout the remainder of this document I will base the steps on the DOS editor and of matthew, a generic word processor. To open your resume, first open the editor by typing edit at a DOS prompt, or the appropriate command for the editor you intend to use. Next, choose the Open File option from the FILE menu. Fill in the filename you choose earlier or use the last day at essay browse feature to locate the file. Elements of an HTML document are denoted using HTML tags. An HTML tag usually consists of a left angle bracket ( ). Tags are also usually paired (e.g. Of Matthew Summary? ltP and essay, lt/P), the first is used to definition of machiavellianism identify the beginning of the element and day at school essay, the second (usually lt/tagname) identifies the end of the element. Some tags may also contain additional information. Essay Of Quebec And Canada’s? This information should be placed inside the angle brackets. For example, to display a paragraph using full justification use ltP ALIGN=justifygt.

HTML documents have a minimum requirement of tags. These tags are required by HTML browsers in order to recognize a file as a HTML file. The following is a summary of the required HTML tags: The required HTML tags must be placed in the appropriate order inside and HTML file. The following HTML is a simple example of the minimum HTML document. Using indentation can greatly improve the school looks of your HTML, make it easier to read, and make it much easier to maintain.

Although indentation is consultative, not required, you should always use it to last essay improve your HTML. The benefits greatly outweigh the extra time it takes to write your HTML. Essay On Making Of Quebec Of Confusion: The Clarity? HTML browsers ignore extra white-space therefore the indentation will not be visible when the document is viewed using a HTML browser. Here is the previous example written using indentation to make it easier to day at read. ADD ADDITIONAL HTML FORMATTING TAGS AS NECESSARY. The use of was amos, additional HTML tags will greatly enhance the appearance of your resume. HTML contains numerous tags to use, in addition many new tags will be added in the future. I could not possibly cover every tag here.

However, I will briefly describe some of the commonly used and most useful tags. For advanced options, or a more detailed list you should obtain a copy of the latest HTML reference manual. This manual can be found on last school the world wide web at http://www.sandia.gov/sci_compute/html_ref.html. The following table contains many of the most common and most useful HTML tags. Definition Of Machiavellianism? You can use any of day at school, these tags by simply placing the begin tag, the text to Essay on The contemporary Great format, and day at, the end tag directly in your HTML document. You will find it useful to when written view your document as you make changes. See step 9 for last day at school essay, instructions on how to ATPases example view your current HTML document.

By doing this, you will become familiar with the day at school essay effects of the tags. In order to ensure no word processor formatting options are saved into your file you should save your resume as a text file. However, when you choose your filename you should give it the Sense of Quebec the Clarity .html or .htm extension. To do this choose save as from the day at school essay file menu. Essay Sense Of Quebec And Canada’s Ocean Act? Next you should choose the text or ASCII text format from the available format list. Finally, type your filename in the filename input box as filename.html or filename.htm where filename is the name you wish to call your file (e.g. resume.html). CREATE AND/OR ACQUIRE ANY IMAGES YOU WANT TO USE IN YOUR RESUME. While creating images can be very fun and exciting, it is also very time consuming. There are many tools available to help you create your custom images such as Paint Shop Pro, Photoshop, Corel Draw, and last school, MsPaint. For information on Essay Ocean of Confusion: the Clarity Act how to last essay use these tools you should consult your user's manual.

An alternative to when written creating custom images is to find a non-copyrighted image on the world wide web and copy it. One method of day at essay, locating useful and free images is to view clipart collections available on the web such as Caboodles of Clipart. Another method of locating useful images is to ATPases Essay example use the Yahoo search engine and day at, search for the image. To do this simply type image:keyword in the Yahoo's search box and click on the search button. This type of searching is very time consuming and often does not result in book summary, any useful images. If you are unable to create or locate the last day at school essay image you desire and feel that your resume would be incomplete without it, you should consider hiring a Graphics Artist to create the image for you. Although images can improve the appearance of your resume, you should use them sparingly.

Often the quality of your resume decreases proportionally with an increase in the number of images you add. Any graphics you use (except for on Making Sense of Quebec and Canada’s Ocean Act, a background) should be relatively small in size. Most web developers agree that large images take longer to load and day at school, will in turn drive impatient viewers away from your page. In addition, you should keep the content of consultative management, your images on day at school a professional level unless the on Making of Quebec and Canada’s of Confusion: the Clarity Act image directly relates to your job qualification. For example it is school, acceptable to on The contemporary and the global financial crisis have cartoons you've created on your resume if you're applying as a cartoonist.

However, you should consider placing any such images on a second page and creating a link to it. ADD HTML IMAGE TAGS AS NECESSARY FOR EACH OF THE IMAGES YOU PLAN TO USE IN YOUR RESUME, AND SAVE YOUR RESUME (SEE STEP 6). To insert an image into your HTML resume open your resume in your editor, then use the day at school ltIMG SRCgt tag to specify the location and filename of your image. For example, to display an image called computer.gif that is 32x45 in of Quebec Ocean of Confusion:, size, use the following tag: ltIMG SRC=directory/computer.gif ALT=Computer WIDTH=32 HEIGHT=45 BORDER=0gt. Last Day At Essay? All images should be in the .GIF or .JPG file format. If you see a gray box with three small dots in Essay, it rather than your image, then the browser was unable to load your image. Possible causes of this problem are: you used an incompatible file format, the image does not exist, you did not specify the correct filename or had a typographical error in the directory/filename, or the file permissions were set incorrectly (UNIX workstations require that you set the file permissions of an image to last 770.

See your system administrator or consult a UNIX reference manual for help with setting file permissions). Be sure to save your resume after you make any changes. OPEN YOUR HTML RESUME IN A HTML BROWSER. Open your HTML browser by consultative management clicking on its Windows Icon, or by typing its execution command at last day at school the command prompt. There are many browsers available for use such as Netscape, Microsoft Explorer, and ICOMM. Essay Sense And Canada’s Of Confusion: Act? Consult your user's manual for help with using your HTML browser. Open your resume by clicking on the Open File option on day at school essay the File menu.

Next, type the filename you choose earlier in the filename input box or using the browse feature to locate the file, then click on Essay financial the ok button. Your resume should be displayed in the browser window. Viewing your resume in an HTML browser is an excellent way to ensure the content of your resume. REPEAT STEPS 5 THROUGH 9 UNTIL YOU ARE SATISFIED WITH THE APPEARANCE OF YOUR RESUME. After reviewing your resume in an HTML browser, you should revisit steps 5 through 9 above and make any necessary changes. Once you are familiar with the process of essay, creating a HTML document, most of these steps can be performed as necessary in any order.

You should get your resume to a point that you are satisfied with before preceding. In order to ensure that you have not made any mistakes in the uniform resource locator (URL) addresses, you should click on definition each of the last day at essay links you've created using your HTML browser. Links that do not work are nicknamed broken links. Recession And The Global Financial? Broken links are highly unprofessional and will affect the impression a potential employer has on your resume. Broken links are usually the essay result of P-type Essay example, a typographical error or a link to day at school essay a web site that no longer exists. Because the web is constantly changing, you should only create hypertext links to sites that are relatively stable. In order for your resume to consultative style be visible to the rest of the world, you must have current internet provider. Many universities provide the resources for day at school essay, students to install their resumes. Contact your University Webmaster to obtain information. You can often locate the when was amos written Webmaster through an email address on day at school essay the universities main web page.

After you have completed your HTML resume, copy it and all of the Essay example images you have used to last essay the directory your web provider specifies. Definition? After installing your HTML resume you should always test it. Visit the URL your web provider supplies to day at essay insure it was installed properly. You should always respond to potential employers that contact you as soon as possible. Definition Of Machiavellianism? In addition you should always mail a paper copy of your resume to any potential employers.

By showing sincere interest, you will increase an employer's impression. The Source For Java Development. Java Report . March/April 1996. Java Report is a relatively new magazine for software developers using the Java environment. Java is a relatively new software developing environment that allows software developers to last day at school implement more complex features such as Net-based electronic transactions and delivering interactive content across the Web. Java Report combines programming tips, new technology, application trends and corporate issues to bring the reader a broader range of information. In one of the articles Philip David Meese does an excellent job of explaining to P-type Essay the reader how to create his/her first Java application. His article was well written and was equivalent in content to last day at a small course. The article The Java Tutor provides clear and concise information as well as easy to understand example code. I strongly agree with Mr.

Meese's confidant statement by the time you finish reading this article, you'll be able to develop a Java application. An entire section of Java Report is devoted to of machiavellianism Product Review. In this section the authors review Java related products and provide information to the reader. This information was the equivalent of a Consumer Reports article. This section is a great source of information about individual products. In general, Java Report is a great source of information relating to the use and development of Java applications for any software developer.

However, some of the technical articles may be beyond the scope of the average reader. Rampe, David. Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt. The New York Times . 3 February 1997, sec. C6. In his article Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt David Rampe discusses the day at advantages and disadvantages of an HTML resume. The article, which appeared in The New York Times' Taking In the Sites section provides some very useful information regarding resumes.

Some of the topics Mr. Essay Contemporary Great Crisis? Rampe discusses includes the searchability of HTML resumes, electronic filling, industry jargon, and the dehumanization of the last day at school essay process. Mr. Rampe also discusses the importance of consultative management, writing your HTML resume in the proper fashion, to the computer. He states that you must resolve mentally to address your resume to 'Dear Computer. ' and just ignore the dehumanization of day at essay, it all. In addition, the article provides the was amos written URLs for eleven electronic sources to help the reader get started. Each of the sources listed are excellent sources of information and should be reviewed by anyone who decides to create and HTML resume. Rampe also discusses cookie-cutter forms available on the World Wide Web to help the least experienced computer user create his/her HTML resume. In general, Mr. Rampe provides an ample amount of information and day at school, resources necessary to create an HTML resume. Rampe provides both the pros and the cons of an HTML resume in an unbiased fashion, leaving the reader to decide the necessity of an HTML resume.

Sandia National Laboratories. HTML Reference Manual , 2 January 1996. Sandia National Laboratories' HTML Reference Manual is, in my opinion, the most complete and useful source of HTML information. Although the P-type ATPases Essay example manual is currently over day at school a year old, the information it contains is on Making and Canada’s, accurate, precise and very helpful. The HTML Reference Manual begins with and introduction to day at school HTML in on The contemporary Recession crisis, general, then lists important terms and definitions. Day At Essay? Next the authors validate the document's content by discussing the conformance guideline RFC 1866, commonly referred to as HTML Version 2. The authors also discuss the importance of Sandia requirements for specific HTML elements. Next the authors discuss the general breakdown of HTML into: General HTML syntax, HTML Comments, HTML Elements, Uniform Resource Locators (URL), Special Characters, and Internal Icons. Finally, the authors break down over Essay on Making of Quebec and Canada’s Ocean the Clarity one hundred HTML elements into day at essay a description, minimum attributes, all possible attributes, elements allowed within, allowed in content of, and variations. In addition the document contains an easy to use index which allows the reader to jump directly to any element of interest. The HTML Reference Manual provides the most complete reference manual available. In addition it is well written, well organized and very easy to use.

This document is an excellent source of information for both the novice and expert HTML programmers. Authors Note: Windows, DOS, Paint Shop Pro, MsPaint, Yahoo, Café, Netscape, ICOMM and Microsoft Internet Explorer are copyrighted by their respective owners.

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15 Oracle BPEL Process Manager Workflow Services. A company's business processes drive the day at school essay integration of systems and people that participate in it. The business process and associated systems have a life cycle and certain behavior. Essay On The Contemporary Great Recession Financial Crisis? The users who participate in the business process have roles and privileges to perform tasks in the business process. Using the workflow services of Oracle BPEL Process Manager, you can blend the integration of systems and services with human workflow into a single end-to-end process flow, while providing visibility and enabling exception handling and optimization at various levels. School Essay? This chapter contains the following topics: Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for the organizational hierarchy of the demonstration user community used in examples throughout this chapter. Book Of Matthew? SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemxmllibworkflow for workflow service WSDL files. Last? 15.1 Oracle BPEL Process Manager Workflow Services 10.1.2 and 10.1.3.1.0 Compatibility. Workflows that you designed in 10.1.2 with the workflow wizard can be deployed and on The contemporary and the global, run in 10.1.3.1.0. However, you must use the old worklist URL to access these tasks: For release 10.1.3.1.0, the workflow wizard has been replaced by day at school a Human Task editor. This editor enables you to specify task settings such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. You cannot use the Human Task editor to edit 10.1.2-based workflows. To use any new 10.1.3.1.0 functionality, the task scope of the workflow must be manually migrated to use the new workflow metadata. Note also that this is the last release in was amos, which you can deploy workflows designed with 10.1.2. 15.2 Overview of Workflow Services. Day At School Essay? Workflow services enable you to Essay on The Recession global financial, interleave human interactions with connectivity to systems and services within an end-to-end process flow. As shown in Figure 15-1, workflow services are linked to a BPEL process through a WSDL contract, like any other Web service. The process assigns a task to a user or role and waits for a response. The users act on the task using Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Figure 15-1 High-Level View of Workflow Services in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Terms used in workflow services include: Task#x2014;work that needs to be done by a user, role, or group. Notification#x2014;an e-mail, voice, fax, pager, or short message service (SMS) message that is sent when a user is assigned a task or informed that the status of the task has changed. Worklist#x2014;an enumeration of the tasks, or work items, assigned to last essay, or of of matthew interest to a user. Human Task editor#x2014;A tool that enables you to specify task settings such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and last day at school essay, escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. .task file #x2014;The metadata task configuration file that stores the task settings specified with the when Human Task editor. Last Day At Essay? routing slip#x2014;Contains information about the flow pattern for the workflow, assignees, escalation policy, expiration duration, signature policy, sequence in which the participants interact in the task, and so on. Features of workflow services include: Standard work queues #x2014; high priority tasks, tasks due soon, new tasks, and so on. Custom work queues #x2014; Users can define new work queues based on specific search criteria. Proxy work queues #x2014; can grant access to other users to P-type ATPases example, selected work queues. Other users can act on your behalf on those tasks. User rules #x2014; can define custom delegation, auto-approval, or vacation rules. Group rules #x2014; can define auto-assignment rules for roles or groups; for example, round-robin, least-busy, and so on. Task assignment and routing#x2014;includes creating tasks from the day at school essay business process and assigning the tasks to users or roles. Other task assignment and routing features include: Support for task expiration and automatic renewal. Support for task delegation, escalation, and reapproval. Storage of on The contemporary financial task history information for auditing, extending workflows to include other workflows, and the ability to archive and purge task details based on specified policies. Support for creating custom task escalation rule functions. Override and restrict default system actions. Specify callback classes on last essay task status. JSP-based forms for viewing and Essay on Making Sense and Canada’s of Confusion: Act, updating task details. Dynamic assignment functions. Built-in reports #x2014; Priority reports, productivity reports, cycle time reports, and unattended tasks report. Participant types#x2014;consists of single approver, group vote, management chain, sequential list of approvers, FYI assignees, and external routing services. Identity service#x2014;interacts with back-end identity management systems to capture all user information from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) and LDAP. Last Day At Essay? The identity service provides role-based access control; you can assign permissions to roles and link an Essay on The contemporary and the global crisis, organizational hierarchy to a role model for authorization. You can also do the following: Assign worklist privileges to last essay, users, roles, or groups. Maintain user properties such as name, location, phone, fax, and e-mail. Capture organizational hierarchy (reporting structure) and group information. Integrate with standard (for example, LDAP-based) directory services for user and role provisioning. Identity Service for identity service concepts. Send notifications to specified users on specified task changes. Notifications through different delivery channels (e-mail, phone, fax, voice, and SMS) Ability to customize content of notifications for different types of tasks. Perform actions on tasks through e-mail. Notification Service for notification service concepts. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Out-of-the-box fully customizable worklist. Support for on Making Sense of Quebec of Confusion: the Clarity Act, various user profiles #x2013; end user, supervisor, task owner, group owner, administrator. View tasks based on user or role ability to last, perform authorized actions on tasks in the worklist. Essay On The Contemporary Great Recession Crisis? Ability to last day at school, filter tasks in worklist view based on various criteria. Ability to acquire and Essay contemporary Recession and the financial crisis, check out shared tasks. Support for custom work queues. Define custom vacation rules and delegation rules. Provide access to selected worklist views to other users (proxy support) Complete workflow history and audit trail. Out-of-the-box productivity reports. 15.2.1 Workflow Functionality: A Procurement Process Example. The functionality of workflow services can be illustrated using a simple order approval business process to approve or reject an order, as shown in Figure 15-2. Last Day At School? requested items. Approval and rejection is a two-step process involving an initial approver and of machiavellianism, the manager of the initial approver. The order is first assigned to the Supervisor role. Once a user belonging to the Supervisor role approves the order, it is sent to this user's manager for final approval. Figure 15-2 BPEL Workflow. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Order Booking Tutorial for instructions on designing an order approval business process to last day at school, approve or reject an order. 15.2.2 Workflow Services Components. Figure 15-3 shows the following workflow services components: The task service provides task state management and Essay Sense and Canada’s, persistence of day at school essay tasks. In addition to these services, the task service exposes operations to update a task, complete a task, escalate and reassign tasks, and so on. The task service is used by the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application to retrieve tasks assigned to style, users. This service also determines if notifications are to be sent to users and groups when the state of the task changes. The task service consists of the following services. Task Routing Service. The task routing service offers services to last essay, route, escalate, and Essay on The Great and the, reassign the task. The service makes these decisions by interpreting a declarative specification in the form of the last day at school routing slip. Task Query Service. The task query service queries tasks for a user based on a variety of search criterion such as keyword, category, status, business process, attribute values, history information of a task, and when written, so on. Task Metadata Service. The task metadata service exposes operations to retrieve metadata information related to a task. The identity service is a thin Web service layer on top of the Oracle Application Server 10 g security infrastructure or any custom user repository. It enables authentication and authorization of users and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and last day at, privileges. The notification service delivers notifications with the definition of machiavellianism specified content to last school, the specified user to any of the following channels: e-mail, telephone voice message, pager, fax, and SMS. See Notifications from Workflow Services for more information. User Metadata Service. The user metadata service manages metadata related to written, workflow users, such as user work queues, preferences, vacation, and delegation rules. Runtime config service. The runtime config service provides methods for managing metadata used in the task service run time environment. It principally supports management of task payload flex field mappings. Figure 15-3 Workflow Services Components. Figure 15-4 shows the interactions between the services and the business process. Figure 15-4 Workflow Services and Business Process Interactions. 15.3 Use Cases for Workflow Services. Using workflow services is demonstrated in the VacationRequest, AutoLoanDemo, ExpenseRequestApproval, LoanDemoPlus, DocumentReview, HelpDeskServiceRequest, and OrderApproval demos. The following sections describe multiple use cases for day at, workflow services. 15.3.1 Assigning a Task to a User or Role. Essay Example? A vacation request process may start with getting the last day at vacation details from ATPases Essay example, a user and day at school essay, then routing the request to their manager for approval. Of Machiavellianism? User details and the organizational hierarchy can be looked up from a user directory or store. This scenario, shown in Figure 15-5, is described in the OrderApproval sample. Figure 15-5 Assigning Tasks to a User or Role from a Directory. 15.3.2 Using the Various Participant Types. A task can be routed through multiple users with a group vote, management chain, or sequential list of approvers participant type. For example, consider a loan request that is part of the loan approval flow. The loan request may first be assigned to a loan agent role. After a specific loan agent acquires and accepts the loan, the loan may be routed further through multiple levels of management if the loan amount is greater that $100,000. This scenario, shown in Figure 15-6, is last day at, described in the LoanDemoPlus sample. Figure 15-6 Flow Patterns and Routing Policies. See Participant Types in Workflow Services for Essay contemporary Great financial crisis, the various flow types supported by workflow services. Last Day At Essay? You can use these types as building blocks to management, create complex workflows. 15.3.3 Escalation, Expiration, and Delegation. A high-priority task can be assigned to a certain user or role based on the task type. However, if the user does not act on essay it in was amos, a certain time, the task may expire and in turn be escalated to the manager for further action. As part of the escalation, you may also notify the users by e-mail, telephone voice message, SMS, pager, or fax. Similarly, a manager may delegate tasks from one reportee to another to balance the load between various task assignees. All tasks defined in BPEL have an associated expiration date. Additionally, you may specify escalation or renewal policies, as shown in last, Figure 15-7. For example, consider a support call, which is book summary, part of the HelpDeskServiceRequest process. A high-priority task may be assigned to a certain user and if the user does not respond in two days, then the task is routed to last essay, the manager for management style, further action. Last Day At School Essay? Figure 15-7 Escalation and Notification. 15.3.4 Automatic Assignment and Delegation. A user may decide to have another user perform tasks on when was amos written their behalf. Tasks can be explicitly delegated from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application or can be automatically delegated. For example, a manager sets up a vacation rule saying that all their high priority tasks are automatically routed to one of their reports while the manager is on vacation. In some cases, tasks can be routed to different individuals based on the content of the day at essay task. Another example of automatic routing is to when written, allocate tasks among multiple individuals belonging to a group. For example, a help desk supervisor decides to allocate all tasks for the western region based on a round robin basis or assign tasks to day at essay, the individual with the lowest number of outstanding tasks (the least busy). 15.3.5 Work Queues and was amos, Proxy Support. It is often required that one user be provided with access to last day at school essay, part of another user's worklist. For example, an executive decides to provide access to expense approvals within a certain limit to their secretary. Work queues allow you to create a custom view to group a subset of tasks in the worklist (say high priority tasks, tasks due in 24 hours, expense approval tasks, and so on). These work queues can then be granted to other users who can then act on the task owner's behalf. For example, in example, the scenario described above, the executive can create a delegated expense approvals work queue for expenses below $5000. 15.3.6 The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Users typically access tasks assigned to them by using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application, as shown in Figure 15-8. A worklist consists of last essay tasks assigned to the user as well as the groups to which they belong. A task may also include forms and attachments in addition to other task details such as history, comments, and approval sequence. The worklist may also be accessed from OracleAS Portal or other clients to act on consultative tasks as well as get productivity reports. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application can be customized and extended based on the specific needs of an application. See Chapter 16, Worklist Application for last essay, details about worklist functionality and the sample Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Figure 15-8 Oracle BPEL Worklist Application#x2014;Access Tasks, Forms, Attachments, and Reports. 15.4 Participant Types in Workflow Services. Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides a library of participant types (known in previous releases as workflow patterns). You can choose a participant type that meets your business requirement and model your workflow based on the participant type. Oracle BPEL Process Manager supports the following participant types: Single Approver #x2014; used for a single user to act on book summary a task. Last Day At? If the task is assigned to a role or group with multiple users, one of the members must claim the task and act on it. Based on when the user's action, you define what the business process does. Day At? Group Vote #x2014; used when multiple users, working in when written, parallel, must take action simultaneously, such as in a hiring situation when multiple users vote to hire or reject an applicant. You specify the voting percentage that is needed for the outcome to essay, take effect, such as a majority vote or a unanimous vote. Management Chain#x2014;used to route tasks for Essay on Making Sense of Quebec Ocean the Clarity Act, approval to multiple users in a management chain hierarchy. You specify the day at essay task participants as a management chain list or a list of users. Sequential list of approvers (extension of of matthew summary a sequential workflow)#x2014;used to create a list of sequential participants for last day at essay, a workflow. This type is similar to the management chain participant type, except that with that type, the users are part of an organization hierarchy. For the sequential list of approvers participant type, they can be any list of definition users or groups. FYI assignee #x2014; used when a task is sent to a user, but the last day at school business process does not wait for a user response; it just continues. FYI assignees cannot directly impact the outcome of a task, but in some cases can provide comments or add attachments. External Routing Service #x2014;used to configure an external routing service that dynamically determines the Sense of Quebec and Canada’s Ocean of Confusion: the Clarity Act participants in the workflow. If this participant type is specified, all other participant types are ignored. It is assumed that the external routing service provides a list of participant types (single approver, list of approvers, group vote, and day at essay, so on) at run time to determine the routing of the task. 15.4.1 Continuing Workflows from on Making and Canada’s of Confusion: Act, Other Workflows. You can have situations where you need to continue a previous workflow task in the current workflow task. Oracle BPEL Process Manager enables you to last essay, include the task history, comments, and attachments from the previous task. This provides you with a complete end-to-end audit trail. 15.5 Overview of the Modeling Process. The modeling process consists of creating a human task, associating it with a BPEL process, and generating the format for displaying the human task during run time in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This section provides a brief overview of these modeling tasks and provides references to specific modeling instructions. 15.5.1 Create a Human Task Definition with the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor enables you to define the metadata for the task. This editor enables you to specify human task settings, such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. This information is saved to a metadata task configuration file with a .task extension. Definition? 15.5.2 Associate the Human Task Definition with a BPEL Process. You associate the .task file that consists of the human task settings with a BPEL process. Day At School Essay? Association is made with a human task activity that you drag and drop into your BPEL process for configuring. You also define the task definition, task initiator, task priority, and map the task parameter that carries the input data to a BPEL variable. You can also define advanced features, such as the book of matthew summary scope and global task variables names (instead of last school essay accepting the default names), task owner, identification key, BPEL callback customizations, and whether to extend the human task to include other workflow tasks. When association is complete, a Task Service partner link is created. The Task Service exposes the operations required to act on the task. 15.5.3 Generate the Task Display Form. And Canada’s Ocean Of Confusion: The Clarity Act? You generate the layout of the task display form used for displaying the task header, body (task payload), and footer details at run time in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. The task display form defines the display mechanism for the task payload (data in the task) in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Two types of task display forms are available for use: simple task form and custom task form. 15.6 Task 1: Creating the Human Task Definition with the Human Task Editor. Last School Essay? The Human Task editor enables you to define the metadata for the task. Book Summary? This editor enables you to last, specify human task settings, such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. When human task creation is complete, the Essay Great Recession financial following folder and file are created: A folder with the human task name you specify in the Human Task Name field in Accessing the Human Task Editor is created under the Integration Content folder of your BPEL process in the Application Navigator. The human task settings specified in the Human Task editor are saved to a metadata task configuration file with a .task extension. This file is stored in last day at school essay, the human task name folder. Definition Of Machiavellianism? You can re-edit the settings in this file at last school essay, any time by double-clicking it in definition, the Application Navigator . This reopens the last day at school essay .task file in the Human Task editor. This section contains the P-type ATPases Essay example following topics: 15.6.1 Accessing the Human Task Editor. Last Essay? When you are ready to begin creation of a human task, the book summary Human Task editor can be accessed in several ways in last school essay, Oracle JDeveloper: 15.6.1.1 From the Application Navigator. This method enables you to create a human task that you can later associate with a BPEL process through use of consultative management a human task activity. Right-click your BPEL process in last school essay, the Application Navigator and select Create Human Task Definition . The Add a Human Task window appears. Enter a name in the Human Task Name field. The name you enter is added to P-type Essay example, the directory path in the Location field. The Human Task editor appears. You can also create a human task that you later associate with a BPEL process by selecting New from the File main menu, then selecting Integration Tier Human Tasks Human Task Definition . This method enables you to create a human task activity with which you immediately associate a BPEL process through use of a human task activity. Select Process Activities from the Component Palette . Drag and last day at, drop a Human Task activity into your BPEL process. The Add a Human Task window appears. Click the second icon to the right of the Task Definition field. P-type Essay Example? Enter a name in the Human Task Name field. The name you enter is added to last day at school essay, the directory path in the Location field. The Human Task editor appears. 15.6.2 Reviewing the Sections of the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor consists of the following main sections shown in Figure 15-9. These sections enable you to create a human task. Figure 15-9 Human Task Editor. Instructions for using these main sections of the Human Task editor to create a workflow task are listed in Table 15-1. Table 15-1 Human Task Editor. (title, outcomes, priority, and owner) (for specifying custom escalation rules, custom style sheets for attachments, multilingual settings, custom task actions, error messages, and callback classes) 15.6.3 Specifying the Task Title, Priority, Outcome, and Owner. Figure 15-10 shows the Task Configuration section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to specify details such as the task title, task priority, task outcomes, and definition of machiavellianism, task owner. Figure 15-10 Human Task Editor #x2014; Task Configuration Section. Instructions for last school essay, configuring the following subsections of the Task Configuration section are listed in Table 15-2: Table 15-2 Human Task Editor #x2014; Task Configuration Section. Summary? 15.6.3.1 Specifying a Task Title and Priority. Day At School Essay? Enter the following details. See Also: Specifying the Task Initiator and Task Priority for instructions on specifying a priority value in the Add a Human Task window. Essay Example? Task outcomes capture the possible outcomes of last day at essay a task. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application displays the outcomes you specify here as the possible actions to P-type ATPases Essay example, perform during run time. You can specify the following types of task outcomes: Select a seeded outcome. Enter a custom outcome. Day At Essay? The task outcomes can also have run time display values that are different from the actual outcome value specified here. This permits outcomes to summary, be displayed in a different language in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. See Specifying Multilingual Settings for more information about internationalization. Click the flashlight icon to the right of the last school essay Outcomes field. P-type Essay? The Outcomes window displays the possible outcomes for tasks. APPROVE and REJECT are selected by default. Select additional task outcomes or deselect the default outcomes. Enter any custom outcomes separated by commas in last day at, the Custom Outcomes field. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Your selections display in the Outcomes field. The seeded and custom outcomes selected here display for selection in the Majority Voted Outcome section of the was amos group vote participant type. 15.6.3.2.1 Displaying Custom Outcomes in a Human Task Activity. The method by which you create a human task definition determines whether custom outcomes initially display in a switch activity. If you perform the following tasks: Drag and drop a human task activity into day at school the design window. Click the Create Task Definition icon (second icon) to the right of the management Task Definition field. Create a human task definition with custom outcomes. School Essay? Expand the human task activity. Note that the custom outcomes do not initially display in was amos written, the switch activity. As a workaround, perform the following steps: Click the human task activity to display the Human Task window. Click Yes when prompted to update your human task definition to account for last day at, the custom outcomes. Great Global? Open the switch activity of the human task activity and note that the last school custom outcomes now appear. Or, always create human task definition files as follows: Right-click the BPEL process in of matthew summary, the A pplication Navigator . Select Create Human Task Definition . Design a human task definition. Drag a new human task activity into the design window and associate it with this human task definition file. Open the switch activity of the human task activity and note that the custom outcomes appear. The task owner can view the tasks belonging to business processes they own and perform operations on last day at essay behalf of book summary any of the assigned task participant types. Additionally, the owner can also reassign, withdraw, or escalate tasks. This optional field defaults to the system user bpeladmin if not specified. School? The task owner can also be specified in the Advanced tab of the Human Task window described in Specifying a Task Owner. The task owner specified in the Advanced tab overrides any task owner you enter here. Select a method for specifying the task owner: 15.6.3.3.1 Specifying a Task Owner By Browsing the on Making Sense of Confusion: Act User Directory. Task owners can be selected by last day at school essay browsing the user directory (Oracle Internet Directory (OID), JAZN/XML, LDAP, and book of matthew, so on) that is day at essay, configured for use with Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Click the first icon to the right of the ATPases Essay example Owner field to day at school, display the definition of machiavellianism Identity lookup dialog. Search for the owner by day at school essay entering a search string such as jcooper, j*, *, and on Making Sense Ocean of Confusion:, so on. Clicking Lookup fetches all the day at users that match the search criteria. One or more users or groups can be highlighted and selected by clicking Select . View the hierarchy of a user by highlighting the user and definition of machiavellianism, clicking Hierarchy . Similarly, clicking Reportees displays the reportees of a selected user or group. View the details of a user or group by day at school highlighting the user or group and clicking Detail . Click OK to return to the Identity lookup dialog. Click Select to add the user to the Selected user section. Definition Of Machiavellianism? Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Day At School Essay? Your selection displays in the Owner field. 15.6.3.3.2 Specifying a Task Owner Dynamically. Task owners can be selected dynamically in book summary, the Expression Builder window. Click the second icon to the right of the Owner field to display the Expression Builder window: Browse the available variable schemas and functions to last, create a task owner. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. You selection displays in the Owner field. Click Help for instructions on using the Expression Builder window and XPath Building Assistant. 15.6.4 Specifying the Task Payload Data Structure. ATPases Essay Example? Figure 15-11 shows the Parameters section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to define the structure (message attributes) of the task payload (the data in the task). Task payload data consists of one or more elements or types. Essay? Based on your selections, an XML schema definition is created for the task payload. Figure 15-11 Human Task Editor #x2014; Parameters Section. Click the example + sign to display the Add Task Parameter window. Enter the following details: You can only define payload flex field mappings in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application for payload parameters that are simple XML types. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Your selection displays in the Parameters section. If you want to edit your selection, highlight it and click the first icon in the upper right part of the Parameters section. Figure 15-12 shows the Assignment and Routing Policy section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to select a participant type that meets your business requirement. In previous Oracle BPEL Process Manager releases, participant types were known as workflow patterns. Day At Essay? You can mix and match multiple participant types to model the definition human task. Day At Essay? This enables you to when was amos written, extend the functionality of a previously configured human task to model more complex workflows. Each of the participant types has an associated editor that you use for configuration tasks. The sequence in which the assignees are added indicates the execution sequence. Figure 15-12 Human Task Editor #x2014; Assignment and Routing Policy Section. Day At Essay? Click the + sign to display the Add Participant Type window. This enables you to select a specific participant type. Select a participant type from the Type list. The configuration tasks for each participant type are described in subsequent sections. See the following section based on your selection: Sequential list of approvers. External routing service. ATPases Essay? See the following task assignment and routing policy sections shown in Figure 15-12 after you have configured a participant type. These sections are only available for selection after a participant type has been created. Users and groups for each of the participant types can be specified either statically or dynamically.When the users and groups are specified statically (or by browsing the identity service), the values can be either of the following: A single user or group (for example, jstein ), which in the case of a single approver, is captured as follows: A delimited string of users or groups (for example, jstein , wfaulk , cdickens ), which in last day at essay, the case of definition of machiavellianism a single approver, is captured as follows: You may have a business requirement to create a dynamic list of task approvers specified in a payload variable. This XPath expression can resolve to day at school essay, zero or more XML nodes. Each node value can be either of the following: A single user or group. Of Quebec And Canada’s The Clarity? A delimited string of users or groups. For example, the following task shows that the payload message attribute is of type xsd:String and its value is a comma-delimited string of approvers. This node can be used to last day at school essay, specify the participants. The default delimiter for the assignee delimited string is definition, a comma ( , ). This delimiter can be changed using the assigneeDelimiter XML element in the wf-config.xml file. This delimiter applies to all workflows in the system. Specifying participants in this manner is day at school essay, applicable to all participant types, although they are interpreted differently for each type. For example: In a single user participant type, the book task is assigned to everyone evaluated. Last Day At Essay? In a sequential list of approvers participant type, the when was amos written task is sequentially assigned to users and groups evaluated in last day at school, the list. Essay Sense Of Quebec Of Confusion: Act? In a group vote participant type, a task is created for each user and group evaluated in essay, the list. This interpretation of resource XPath expressions provides orcl:create-nodeset-from-delimited-string -equivalent functionality to enable you to specify a dynamic list of one or more task approvers (resource element members) from the payload variable. On Making? 15.6.5.2 Configuring the school essay Single Approver Participant Type. Figure 15-13 displays the Single Approver window. This participant type requires a single user to act on definition a task. If the task is assigned to a role or group with multiple users, one of the members must claim the task and act on it. Based on the user's action, you define what the last day at school business process does. For example, a vacation request is assigned to a manager. The manager must act on on Making of Quebec and Canada’s Ocean the Clarity Act the request task three days before the vacation starts. School? If the manager formally approves or rejects the request, the employee is notified with the decision. If the manager does not act on the task, the when request is treated as rejected. Notification actions similar to the formal rejection are taken. Figure 15-13 Add Participant Type #x2014; Single Approver. Enter a recognizable label for day at school, this participant in the Label field. P-type? This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the last school Add Participant Type - Single Approver window are listed in Table 15-3: Table 15-3 Add Participant Type #x2014; Single Approver. 15.6.5.2.1 Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in P-type ATPases Essay, performing actions on this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to last day at school essay, display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. On Making Of Quebec Ocean? Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. The XPath expressions for specifying assignees must follow these rules: They must be based off the task XSD. This includes the payload as defined in the payload section. For example, /task:task/task:payload/order:orderAssignee is an example of an XPath expression based of the day at essay task XSD. The XPath expressions cannot contain BPEL-specific XPath functions such as bpws:getVariableData() , and so on because these XPath expressions are not evaluated from the context of a BPEL instance. The XPath expressions can contain XPath functions that are BPEL-independent. This includes identity service XPath functions like ids:getManager() , and so on. 15.6.5.2.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the summary Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an day at school essay, icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression to Essay on The contemporary Great Recession financial crisis, bypass a task participant must evaluate to a Boolean value. For example, /task:task/task:payload/order:orderAmount 1000 is school essay, a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.2.3 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-13. Definition Of Machiavellianism? Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in last day at essay, the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and on Making of Quebec, this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. School Essay? Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for consultative management style, instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.2.4 Inviting Additional Participants to essay, a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Essay Sense and Canada’s Ocean of Confusion: Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select the Allow this participant to invite other participants check box if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. 15.6.5.3 Configuring the Group Vote Participant Type. Figure 15-14 displays the Group Vote window. This participant type is day at essay, used when multiple users, working in book of matthew summary, parallel, must take action simultaneously, such as in a hiring situation when multiple users vote to hire or reject an applicant. You specify the voting percentage that is needed for the outcome to take effect, such as a majority vote or a unanimous vote. For example, a business process collects the feedback from all interviewers in the hiring process, consolidates it, and assigns a hire or reject request to each of the interviewers. At the end, the candidate is hired if the school majority of interviewers vote for written, hiring instead of rejecting. Figure 15-14 Add Participant Type #x2014; Group Vote. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. Essay? This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for when was amos written, configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Group Vote window are listed in Table 15-4: Table 15-4 Add Participant Type #x2014; Group Vote Window. Immediately trigger voted outcome when minimum percentage is met. Wait until all votes are in before triggering outcome. 15.6.5.3.1 Assigning Participants to the Group Vote Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Last Essay? The assigned participants must establish a consensus on was amos when a task is considered complete. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for last essay, selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from style, Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to school essay, a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.3.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to definition of machiavellianism, be bypassed if a specific condition is day at school, satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. Was Amos Written? For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is last day at school, below a specific amount, no approval is P-type example, required by their manager. Day At School Essay? The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.3.3 Sharing Attachments and Comments with Task Participants. Select the Share attachments and comments check box if you want all group voters or workflow participants to share comments and attachments for on Making of Quebec and Canada’s Ocean of Confusion: the Clarity Act, this task. This information typically displays in the footer region of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. 15.6.5.3.4 Specifying Group Voting Details. Specify a method for selecting the essay outcome for the final task. If you select By Expression from the lists below, you can dynamically specify the details by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Select the default outcome for Essay on Making and Canada’s of Confusion: the Clarity Act, this task to take effect if the consensus percentage value is not satisfied. This happens if there is a tie or if all participants do not respond before the task expires. Seeded and custom outcomes that you entered in the Outcomes window in Specifying a Task Outcome display in this list. Select a percentage value required for the outcome of this task to take effect; for example, a majority vote ( 51 ) or a unanimous vote ( 100 ). For example, assume there are two possible outcomes ( ACCEPT and REJECT ) and five subtasks. If two subtasks are accepted and three are rejected, and the required acceptance percentage is 50%, the last day at school essay outcome of the task is rejected. Specify additional group voting details: Immediately trigger voted outcome when minimum percentage is met. If selected, the outcome of the task can be computed early with the on Making of Quebec and Canada’s Ocean outcomes of the completed subtasks, enabling the pending subtasks to be withdrawn. For example, assume four users are assigned to act on school essay a task, the default outcome is APPROVE , and the consensus percentage is set at 50 . On Making Ocean Of Confusion: Act? If the first two users approve the task, the day at third and fourth users do not need to act on the task, since the consensus percentage value has already been satisfied. Wait until all votes are in before triggering outcome. If selected, the on Making Sense and Canada’s Ocean Act workflow waits for all responses before an outcome is initiated. 15.6.5.3.5 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on last day at school a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-14. Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for management, instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.4 Configuring the Management Chain Participant Type. Figure 15-15 displays the Management Chain window. Essay? This participant type routes tasks for approval to multiple users in a management chain hierarchy. You specify the of matthew task participants as a management chain list or a list of users. For example, a purchase order is last day at school, assigned to a manager. If the manager approves the order, it is when written, assigned to their manager. If that manager approves it, it is assigned to their manager, and so on last day at until three managers approve the order. Definition? If any of the school managers reject the request or the request expires, the order is management style, rejected. Figure 15-15 Add Participant Type #x2014; Management Chain. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the day at school essay Add Participant Type - Management Chain window are listed in Table 15-5: Table 15-5 Add Participant Type - Management Chain. Highest Title of Approver. 15.6.5.4.1 Assigning Participants to the Management Chain Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of on Making Sense of Confusion: Act user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to school, a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to when, the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.4.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Last Day At? Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for P-type ATPases Essay, accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. Last Day At School? For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Was Amos Written? Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.4.3 Specifying the Number of Approvers. Specify the following task routing parameters. When both parameters are specified, task routing is determined by both parameters. The routing continues until one of these parameters is satisfied. If you select By Expression from the day at lists below, you can dynamically specify the details by clicking the icon to the right of the field to Essay of Quebec and Canada’s Ocean of Confusion: the Clarity, display the Expression Builder window. Maximum Number of Chain Levels Up. Enter a value for the number of levels in the management chain to include in this task. For example, if set to last essay, 2 and the task is was amos, initially assigned to user jcooper , both the user jstein (manager of jcooper ) and the user wfaulk (manager of day at essay jstein ) are included in the list (apart from jcooper , the consultative management style initial assignee). This is a mandatory field. Highest Title of Approver. Select the title of the last (highest) user in the management chain. The title is retrieved from the identity service. Last Essay? 15.6.5.4.4 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to expand the definition Advanced section shown in Figure 15-15. Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to last day at essay, act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the summary Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in essay, the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the definition of machiavellianism global escalation and last school, renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.4.5 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Click the + sign to expand the consultative style Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select Allow this participant to invite other participants if you want this task assignee to last, invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. Consultative Management Style? For example, assume the approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. Last Day At? If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to Ocean of Confusion: the Clarity, first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. For the management chain participant type, the additional participants can be invited only by the last user in the management chain. 15.6.5.5 Configuring the Sequential List of last Approvers Participant Type. Figure 15-16 displays the Sequential List of Approvers window. This enables you to create a list of sequential participants for a workflow. For example, if you want a document to be reviewed by John, Mary, and Scott in ATPases Essay example, sequence, use this participant type. This is similar to the management chain participant type, except that with that type, the users are part of an organization hierarchy. For the sequential list of last essay approvers participant type, they can be any list of users or groups. ATPases? Figure 15-16 Add Participant Type #x2014; Sequential List of Approvers. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Sequential List of Approvers window are listed in day at, Table 15-6. Table 15-6 Add Participant Type #x2014; Sequential List of definition Approvers. 15.6.5.5.1 Assigning Participants to last day at school essay, the Sequential List of Essay and Canada’s the Clarity Act Approvers Task. Select a method for last day at school, assigning a user or group to participate in of machiavellianism, this task. Enter a user or group name or click the essay first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. Definition? User information is last school essay, obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to on Making of Confusion:, display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for day at, rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.5.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the written Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of a valid XPath expression for last essay, skipping a participant. 15.6.5.5.3 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Sense of Quebec and Canada’s Advanced section shown in Figure 15-16. Click Limit allocated duration to . Last School? Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and consultative style, this participant does not act in the duration provided, the last task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Consultative Management? Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the school essay Task for instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.5.4 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select Allow this participant to invite other participants if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into definition of machiavellianism the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in day at essay, this workflow. For example, assume the book approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. For the sequential list of approvers participant type, the additional participants can be invited only by the last user in the management chain. 15.6.5.6 Configuring the FYI Assignee Participant Type. Figure 15-17 displays the FYI Assignee window. This participant type is used when a task is last day at essay, sent to a user, but the business process does not wait for a user response; it just continues. FYI assignees cannot directly impact the consultative outcome of a task, but in some cases can provide comments or add attachments. For example, a magazine subscription is due for school, renewal. If the definition user does not cancel the current subscription before the expiration date, the subscription is renewed. This user is reminded weekly until the request expires or the user acts on it. Figure 15-17 Add Participant Type #x2014; FYI Assignee. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - FYI Assignee window are listed in essay, Table 15-7: Table 15-7 Add Participant Type - FYI Assignee. 15.6.5.6.1 Assigning Participants to the FYI Assignee Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the definition identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Last Day At School? Dynamically assign this task to management style, a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by day at clicking the icon to the right of the field to when written, display the last Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to definition of machiavellianism, the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.6.2 Sharing Attachments and Comments with Task Participants. Select the Share attachments and day at, comments check box if you want all group voters or workflow participants to share comments and attachments for this task. This information typically displays in the footer region of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. 15.6.5.7 Configuring the External Routing Service Participant Type. Figure 15-18 displays the External Routing Service window. This participant type enables you to book summary, configure an external routing service that dynamically determines the last school participants in the workflow. If this participant type is specified, all other participant types are ignored. It is assumed that the of matthew external routing service provides a list of participant types (single approver, list of approvers, group vote, and so on) at day at school, run time to determine the routing of the task. Figure 15-18 Add Participant Type #x2014; External Routing Service. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. P-type ATPases Essay Example? This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Enter the fully qualified class file name or click the flashlight icon to last day at school, select the name (for example, the org.mycompany.tasks.RoutingService class name). This class must implement the oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IAssignmentService interface. Click the + sign to add name and pair value parameters that can be passed to definition, the external service. 15.6.5.8 Allowing All Participants to Invite Other Participants. After you configure a participant type and essay, are returned to the Human Task editor, the Allow all participants to invite other participants check box is enabled, as shown in Figure 15-19. Figure 15-19 Human Task Editor #x2014; Assignment and Routing Policy Section. This check box is the equivalent of the Adhoc workflow pattern of previous BPEL releases. This applies when there is at least one participant. In this case, each user selects users or groups as the consultative management style next assignee when approving the task. Last? If you want this task assignee to on The contemporary Great global financial crisis, invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow, select the Allow all participants to invite other participants check box. 15.6.5.9 Abruptly Completing a Condition. After you configure a participant type and are returned to the Human Task editor, the last day at essay Enable abrupt completion condition check box is enabled, as shown in Figure 15-19. If you want to specify conditions under which to complete the task early, regardless of the other participants in the workflow, select the book summary Enable abrupt completion condition check box. The Abrupt Completion Details window appears. For example, assume an expense report goes to the manager, and then the director. Day At School? If the first participant (manager) rejects it, you can end the definition of machiavellianism workflow without sending it to the next participant (director). There are two methods for specifying the abrupt completion of a task: XPath expression routing condition. If outcomes are specified, any time the selected task outcome occurs, the task completes. If both outcome and routing condition are specified, the workflow service performs a logical OR on the two. Select appropriate outcomes and click the button. To select all, click the button. Click the icon to the right of the Routing Condition field to display the Expression Builder window for dynamically creating a condition under which to complete this task early. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. The check box is selected, indicating that you have defined information. You can click the icon to the right of the Enable abrupt completion condition check box to edit this information. 15.6.6 Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task. Figure 15-20 shows the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. Day At Essay? You can specify expiration duration of a task in this global policy section (also known as the routing slip level). When Written? If expiration duration is specified at the routing slip level instead of at school essay, the participant type level, then this duration is the expiration duration of the task across all the participants. However, if you specify expiration duration at the participant type level (through the Limit allocated duration to field), then those settings take precedence over settings specified in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (routing slip level). Figure 15-20 Human Task Editor #x2014; Expiration and book summary, Escalation Policy Section. 15.6.6.1 Overview or Escalation and last, Expiration Policy. Contemporary Great Recession Global? This section provides an overview of how specifying the expiration duration at this level makes this setting the expiration duration of the task across all the participants. For example, participant LoanAgentGroup and participant Supervisor have 3 days to act on the task between them, as shown in Figure 15-21: Figure 15-21 Expire After Policy. If there is no expiration specified at either the participant level or this routing slip level, then that task has no expiration duration. If expiration duration is specified at any of the participant's level, then for that participant the participant expiration duration is used. However, the global expiration duration is still used for the participants that do not have participant level expiration duration. The global expiration duration is always decremented by the time elapsed in the task. The policy to interpret the participant level expiration for the participants is described below: Management Chain #x2014; Each participant in essay, the management chain gets the same expiration duration. The duration is not for all the assignments resulting from this assignment. If the task expires at any of the assignments in the management chain, the task expires and the escalation and renewal policy is applied. When Was Amos Written? Sequential list of approvers #x2014; Each assignment in the management chain gets the same expiration duration as the one specified in the sequential list of approvers. Note that the day at school essay duration is not for all the when was amos written assignments resulting from this assignment. If the task expires at day at, any of the assignments in the management chain, the ATPases example task expires and the escalation and renewal policy is applied. In a group vote workflow, if the parallel participants are specified as a resource, a routing slip is created for school essay, each of the resources. The expiration duration of each created routing slip follows these rules: The expiration duration is the same as the expiration duration of the parallel participant if it has an expiration duration specified. The expiration duration that is left on the task if it was specified at the routing slip level. No expiration duration, otherwise. If parallel participants are specified as routing slips, then the on Making and Canada’s expiration duration for day at school essay, the parallel participants are determined by the routing slip. ATPases Example? When the parent task expires in a parallel task, the subtasks are withdrawn if those tasks have not expired or completed. In the following routing slip sample, participant Loan Agent Group has an expiration duration of 1 day and participant Loan Agent Supervisor does not have any expiration duration on day at school the task, even though an expiration duration is on Making Ocean of Confusion: the Clarity Act, specified at the routing slip level. In this example, the last essay routing slip is treated just as if there were no expiration duration specified at the routing slip level. Table 15-8 demonstrates the expiration policy. Note that the management chain in the above example evaluates to consultative style, two users #x2014; wfaulk and cdickens (manager of wfaulk ). Table 15-8 Expiration Policy. Select an escalation and expiration policy. You can enter a fixed time or a dynamic time by clicking the last school essay icon to when written, the right of the By Expression field to display the Expression Builder window. If you never want the task to expire, select Never Expire from the list shown in Figure 15-20. If you want the task to expire, select Expire after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the maximum time period for the task to remain open. When the task expires, either the escalation policy or the renewal policy at day at, the routing slip level is applied. If neither is specified, the of machiavellianism task expires. The expiration policy at the routing slip level is common to last, all the participants. The expiration policy for parallel participants is interpreted as follows. If parallel participants are specified as resources in parallel elements, there is no expiration policy for each of those participants. If parallel participants are specified as routing slips, then the expiration policy for the routing slip applies to the parallel participants. Figure 15-22 indicates that the task expires in 3 days. Figure 15-22 Expire After Policy. If you want to extend the definition expiration period when the user does not respond within the allotted time, select Renew after from the list shown in day at essay, Figure 15-20. Specify the maximum number of on The contemporary Great Recession and the global financial times to continue renewing this task. Day At Essay? The renewal policy specifies the number of times the task can be renewed on expiration and the renewal duration. In Figure 15-23, when the task expires, it is renewed at most 3 times. It does not matter if the task expired at the LoanAgentGroup participant or the Supervisor participant. Figure 15-23 Renew After Policy. If you want to escalate the task (for example, to the user's manager) if the user does not respond within the allotted time, select Escalate after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. When Written? Specify the following additional values: Maximum Escalation Levels. Number of management levels to which to escalate the task. Highest Approver Title. The title of the highest approver (for example, self, manager, director, or CEO). The escalation policy specifies the number of times the task can be escalated on expiration and the renewal duration. In Figure 15-24, when the task expires, it is escalated at most 3 times. It does not matter if the task expired at the LoanAgentGroup participant or the Supervisor participant. Figure 15-24 Escalate After Policy. Essay? 15.6.7 Specifying Participant Notification Preferences. Figure 15-25 shows the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor (when fully expanded). Notifications indicate when a user is assigned a task or informed that the status of the task has changed. Notifications can be sent through e-mail, voice message, fax, pager, or SMS. Notifications are sent to different types of participants for different actions. Notifications are configured by default with default messages. For example, a notification message is sent to indicate that a task has completed and was amos written, closed. You can create your own or modify existing configurations. Figure 15-25 Human Task Editor #x2014; Notification Settings Section. Click the + sign to expand the Notification Settings section (displays as shown in Figure 15-25). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Notification Setting s section are listed in Table 15-9. Table 15-9 Human Task Editor #x2014; Notification Settings Section. Make e-mail messages actionable. Send task attachments with email notifications. 15.6.7.1 Notifying Recipients of Changes to Task Status. Last School Essay? Three default status types display in the Task Status column: Assign , Complete , and book summary, Error . You can select other status types for which to receive notification messages. Click a type in the Task Status column to display the complete list of task types: Assign #x2014;when the task is assigned to users or a group. This action captures the following actions: Task is last, assigned to of Quebec, a user. Task is assigned to a new user in a sequential list of approvers workflow. Task is school essay, renewed. Task is delegated. Task is reassigned. Task is escalated. Information for a task is submitted. Select a task status type. Notifications can be sent to users involved in the task in various capacities. This includes when the task is assigned to a group, each user in the group is Essay Sense of Quebec and Canada’s Ocean of Confusion: the Clarity Act, sent a notification if there is no notification endpoint available for the group. Click an entry in the Recipient column to display a list of possible recipients for the notification message. Assignees #x2014;the users or groups to last day at school essay, whom the task is currently assigned. Essay Great Recession And The? Initiator #x2014;the user who created the task. Approvers #x2014;the users who have approved the task so far. This applies in a sequential list of last approvers participant type where multiple users have approved the task and a notification must be sent to all of them. Owner #x2014;the task owner. 15.6.7.2 Editing the Notification Message. Management? A default notification message is available for delivery to the selected recipient. If you want, you can modify the default message text. Click the icon in the Notification Header column to modify the default notification message. The Edit Notification Message window appears. This message applies to all the supported notification channels: e-mail, voice, fax, pager, and SMS. E-mail and fax messages can also include the worklist task detail defined in this message. The channel by which the message is school, delivered is based upon the notification preferences you specify. Modify the definition message wording as necessary. Click OK to day at, return to the Human Task editor. Written? You can send task reminders, which can be based on the time the task was assigned to school, a user or the consultative management style expiration time of a task. The number of reminders and last day at essay, the interval between the reminders can also be configured. Select the number of written reminders to send from the Remind list. If you selected to remind the assignee one, two, or three times, select the interval between reminders, and whether to send the last day at school essay reminder before or after the assignment. 15.6.7.4 Securing Notifications, Making Messages Actionable, and Sending Attachments. You can perform additional notification tasks in this section. Select the corresponding check box for functionality you want to use. See Also : Sending Actionable E-mails for additional configuration details. Of Quebec Of Confusion: Act? 15.6.8 Specifying Advanced Settings. This section enables you to last school, specify advanced human task features, such as specifying custom escalation rules, custom style sheets for attachments, multilingual settings, custom task actions and error messages, and callback classes. Figure 15-26 shows the advanced settings section of the Human Task editor. Figure 15-26 Human Task Editor #x2014; Advanced Settings Section. Table 15-10 describes the sections available. Table 15-10 Advanced Settings Sections. 15.6.8.1 Specifying Escalation Rules. This option allows a custom escalation rule to be plugged in for a particular workflow. For example, to assign the task to a current user's department manager on task expiration, you can write a custom task escalation function, register it with the workflow service, and Essay example, use that function in task definitions. School? The default escalation rule is to assign a task to consultative management, the manager of the current user. To add a new escalation rule, follow the steps below. Implement interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.IDynamicTaskEscalationFunction . This implementation has to be available in last day at essay, the classpath for consultative style, the server. Change the file SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml to add a new function: Enter the day at function name as defined in the wf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml file for the escalation rule in the Specify Escalation Rule field. 15.6.8.2 Specifying WordML Style Sheets for Attachments. This option allows dynamic creation of Microsoft Word documents for the purpose of sending them as e-mail attachments using a WordML XSLT stylesheet. The XSLT stylesheet is applied on the task document. Click the flashlight icon to select a WordML style sheet as an attachment. 15.6.8.3 Specifying Style Sheets for Attachments. This option allows creation of e-mail attachments using an XSLT stylesheet. The XSLT stylesheet is applied on the task document. Click the flashlight icon to select a stylesheet as an attachment. 15.6.8.4 Specifying Multilingual Settings. Essay On The Great And The Financial Crisis? You can specify resource bundles for displaying task details in different languages in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Resource bundles are supported for the following task details. Displaying the value for task outcomes in plain text or with the message(key) format. Displaying the XML element and attributes names in the payload display of the day at school essay Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. The key name in ATPases Essay, the resource bundle must be the same as the name of the XML element and attributes for internationalization of XML element names in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Making e-mail notification messages available in different languages. At run time, specify the XPath extension function hwf:getTaskResourceBundleString(taskId, key, locale?) to obtain the last essay internationalized string from the specified resource bundle. The locale of the definition of machiavellianism notification recipient can be retrieved with the day at essay function hwf:getNotificationProperty(propertyName) . Click Configure Resource . The Resource Details window appears. Enter the name of the resource used in the resource bundle. Click the flashlight icon to select the JAR or ZIP resource bundle file to use. The resource bundle can be part of your BPEL suitcase. Definition? Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. 15.6.8.5 Overriding Default System Actions. The actions performed from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application are common to all business processes. However, you can restrict some actions in last school essay, a particular business process. P-type Example? For example, assume that in a loan approval process, the business requirement is to school, never suspend a loan application. To model this scenario at design time, you can select Suspend as a restricted action. When an action is selected as restricted, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application does not display the action for this task. By default, these actions are available on all tasks based on the user's privileges. The task owner or bpeladmin administrator can always perform any of these actions on processes they own. Click Configure Actions . Select the system actions allowed on a task. By default, all are selected and available (unrestricted). The following system actions can be restricted by unselecting them: Suspend #x2014; Enables task owners (or users with the BPMWorkflowSuspend privilege) to put a workflow temporarily on hold. Task expiration and escalation do not apply until the workflow is resumed. Management? No actions are permitted on a suspended task (except resume and withdraw). Push back #x2014; Sends the task one level back in the workflow. For example, assume the task was routed to last day at school essay, the LoanAgentGroup and then to jstein . If jstein now pushes the task back, it goes back to style, the LoanAgentGroup. Essay? Renew #x2014; If a task is about to expire, a task assignee can renew the task and request more time to perform the task. This operation is not allowed if the process designer has restricted task renewal on the workflow. Skip current assignment #x2014; Skips the current assignment and moves to the next assignment or picks the outcome as set by the previous approver if there are no more assignees. Adhoc Route #x2014; Enables a user to enter an on Making of Quebec and Canada’s Ocean Act, outcome and then route the task in an adhoc fashion to the next user who must review the task. Request Information #x2014; Any workflow participant can request information from the task initiator or any of the prior approvers of the task. Last Day At Essay? When the requested information is submitted, the task is assigned to the user who requested the information. Delegate #x2014; Any workflow participant can delegate the task to another user. In this case, the other user is definition, acting on day at essay behalf of the current assignee. When the task is delegated, it resides on both users' worklists until the original assignee or the delegated person acts on definition of machiavellianism it. Reassign #x2014; Enables the current assignee of the task to transfer it to another user or group. In this case, the task is moved from the worklist of the current assignee to the new assignee. Escalate #x2014; Escalates a task to their manager for further action. Withdraw #x2014; Enables the last day at school task initiator to Sense of Quebec Ocean of Confusion: Act, withdraw any pending task if they no longer want to last, send it through the workflow. A task owner can also withdraw a task on definition behalf of the initiator. When a task is withdrawn, the business process is called back with the state attribute of the task set to Withdrawn . Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. 15.6.8.6 Overriding Default Exception Management. Tasks can error due to essay, incorrect assignments. Incorrect assignments can occur for any of the following reasons: Invalid assignees #x2014; The task assignee user or group is not a valid user in definition of machiavellianism, the system. Invalid dynamic assignment #x2014; When assignees are specified to be dynamic, the dynamic XPath expression is not evaluated. In the above cases, the task is marked as errored. By default, the life cycle of the task is completed with that action.During modeling of workflow tasks, you can specify error assignees for the workflow. If error assignees are specified, they are evaluated and last school, the task is assigned to them. The error assignee can perform one of the following actions: Adhoc route #x2014; route the task to the actual users assigned to the task. Adhoc route allows the task to be routed to P-type Essay, users in sequence, parallel, and so on. Reassign #x2014; reassign the task to the actual users assigned to this task. Error task #x2014; indicate that this task cannot be rectified. Day At Essay? If there are any errors in evaluating the error assignees, the of machiavellianism task is marked as errored. This window enables you to specify the users or groups to whom the task is assigned if an error in assignment has occurred. Click Configure Assignment . Select the error assignees. Essay? 15.6.8.7 Specifying Callback Classes on Task Status. You can register callbacks for book of matthew, the workflow service to call during the life cycle of a task. The callback class has to implement the essay interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IRoutingSlipCallback . Make the callback class available in the classpath of the server. Click Configure Callbacks . Book? Click the + sign to add a callback to the table. A callback named OnAssigned is automatically added to last school essay, the Callback column. Click OnAssigned to display a list of additional callback values to select for this column. The following callbacks are available: onCompleted #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is summary, completed, expired, withdrawn, or errored. Day At? onAssigned #x2014; This callback is consultative style, invoked when the last day at school essay task is assigned to a new set of assignees due to the following actions: skip current assignment. override routing slip. onUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any other update to the task that does not fall in the onTaskComplete or onTaskAssigned callback. This includes updates on on The global a task due to request for information, submit information, escalation, reassign, and last essay, so on. onSubtaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for consultative management style, any update to a subtask. Click Java in the Type column to display a list of additional values for last school essay, this column. Click the empty field in the Value column to enter a value. The value is the complete class name of the Java class that implements oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IRoutingSlipCallback . Book Summary? 15.6.8.8 Allowing Task and Routing Customization in BPEL Callbacks. The Allow task and day at essay, routing customization in BPEL callbacks check box must be selected if you select the check box of the same name on the Human Task - Advanced tab shown in Figure 15-28. Selecting both check boxes updates the book of matthew summary metadata for callbacks. 15.6.9 Exiting the Human Task Editor and Saving Your Changes. You can save your human task changes at any time. The task can be re-edited at a later time by day at school clicking the metadata task configuration .task file in the Application Navigator . Definition? Select Save from the File main menu or click the X sign to close the .task metadata task configuration file. Last Day At? If you click the X sign, select Yes when prompted to save your changes. 15.7 Task 2: Associating the Human Task with a BPEL Process. You must associate the .task file that consists of the human task settings with a BPEL process. Book Of Matthew Summary? When association is complete, a Task Service partner link is created. The Task Service exposes the school operations required to act on a task. The method by which you created the human task indicates if the task is already associated with a BPEL process. Table 15-11 describes these methods and written, references sections on how to last essay, proceed. Note that regardless of whether you have already associated the human task with a BPEL process, you must still define key human task activity properties, including the task title, task initiator, task priority, and task parameter variables. These tasks are described in Defining the Human Task Activity Title, Initiator, Priority, and Parameter Variables and Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Table 15-11 Human Task Association with the consultative management BPEL Process. Right-clicked the BPEL process in the Application Navigator . Selected Create Human Task Definition . Dragged and dropped a human task activity into the BPEL process. Last School Essay? Selected the second icon ( Create Task Definition ) to the right of the P-type example Task Definition field in last day at, the General tab of the ATPases Essay example Human Task window. 15.7.1 Associating a Human Worklist Task with a BPEL Process. Select the BPEL process with which to associate the .task file of the human task in the Application Navigator . Select Process Activities from the day at essay Component Palette . Drag and drop a new Human Task activity into your BPEL process. The Add a Human Task window appears. When you first drag and drop this activity into Oracle JDeveloper, the window is Essay of Quebec Ocean Act, named Add a Human Task . Day At? After you finish specifying details on this window and click OK , the management style name of this window changes to simply Human Task . Day At School Essay? Click the first icon to example, the right of the Task Definition field. The Choose Task Definition File appears. Select the .task file and click Open . Day At School Essay? This file is located in the bpel human_task_name directory of Essay your BPEL process. The .task file is added to school, the Task Definition field. See the Recession and the crisis following sections to configure the day at human task activity: 15.7.2 Opening a Human Task Activity Already Associated with a BPEL Process. Double-click the previously created Human Task activity in your BPEL process. The Human Task window appears. Click the third icon to the right of the Task Definition field to open the human worklist task you previously created. See the following sections to configure the human task activity: 15.7.3 Defining the Human Task Activity Title, Initiator, Priority, and Parameter Variables. Figure 15-27 shows the General tab. Management Style? Figure 15-27 Human Task #x2014; General Tab. The General tab of the Human Task activity enables you to perform the tasks shown in day at essay, Table 15-12: Table 15-12 Human Task - General Tab. Style? Enter the task title in the Task Title field through one of the following methods. Last School? This is a mandatory field. Your entry in this field overrides the task title you entered in the Title field of the Human Task editor described in P-type Essay example, Specifying a Task Title and Priority. The title displays the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Enter the title manually. Click the icon to the right of the field to last day at school, display the when was amos Expression Builder window to dynamically create the title. Last Essay? You can also mix static text and dynamic expressions in the same title. To include dynamic text, place your cursor at the appropriate point in the text and click the icon on Essay on The global financial the right to invoke the day at school essay Expression Builder window. 15.7.3.2 Specifying the Task Initiator and Task Priority. Enter the initiator (for example, jcooper ) or click the icon to the right of the Initiator field to display the Expression Builder window for dynamically specifying an initiator. This field is optional. The initiator is the user who initiates a task. The initiator can view their created tasks from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application and perform specific tasks defined in the System Action Details window, such as withdrawing or suspending a task. If not specified, the initiator defaults to the task owner specified on of Quebec Ocean the Clarity Act the Advanced tab of the Human Task window. The initiator defaults to bpeladmin if a task owner is also not specified. Select a priority value between 1 (the highest) and 5 from the Priority list. This field is provided for user reference and does not make this task a higher priority during run time. The priority can be used to sort tasks in last school, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This priority value overrides the priority value you select in the Priority list of the Human Task editor. Specifying a Task Title and Essay on The contemporary and the crisis, Priority for instructions on day at specifying the priority in the Human Task editor. The task parameter table displays a list of task parameters after you complete the Task Title and Initiator fields. Click the flashlight in the BPEL Variable column to map the book summary task parameter to last school, the BPEL variable. Of Quebec Ocean The Clarity Act? You must map only the task parameters that carry input data. For output data that is filled in from the worklist, you do not need to map the corresponding variables. The Task Parameters window appears. Expand the Variables navigation tree and select the appropriate task variable. The Human Task window appears as follows. If you want to define advanced features for the human task activity, click the Advanced tab and go to section Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Last Day At Essay? Otherwise, click OK to close the Human Task window. P-type Essay? 15.7.4 Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Figure 15-28 shows the Advanced tab. Day At Essay? Figure 15-28 Human Task #x2014; Advanced Tab. The Advanced tab of the Human Task activity enables you to perform the tasks shown in Table 15-13: Table 15-13 Human Task - Advanced Tab. Sense Of Quebec Ocean Act? Global Task Variable Name. 15.7.4.1 Specifying a Scope Name and a Global Task Variable Name. Day At School Essay? You are automatically provided with default scope and global task variable names during human task activity creation. However, you can specify custom names that are used to name the scope and global variable during human task activity creation. Enter the name for the BPEL scope to P-type Essay example, be generated in the Scope Name field. This BPEL scope encapsulates the entire interaction with the workflow service and BPEL variable manipulation. Enter the global task variable name in the Global Task Variable Name field. This is the school essay name of the was amos BPEL task variable used for the workflow interaction. Enter the task owner name in the Owner field or click the icon to the right to use the Expression Builder to dynamically specify the owner of this task. The task owner can view tasks belonging to business processes they own and perform operations on behalf of any of the task assignees. Additionally, the owner can also reassign, withdraw, or escalate tasks. If you do not specify a task initiator on the General tab of the Human Task window, it defaults to the owner specified here. If an owner is not specified, it defaults to the bpeladmin administrator. 15.7.4.3 Specifying an day at school, Identification Key. On Making Of Quebec Ocean Of Confusion: The Clarity? Enter an optional identification key value in school essay, the Identification Key field. The identification key can be used as a user-defined ID for the task. For example, if the task is meant for approving a purchase order, the of matthew purchase order ID can be set as the identification key of the task. Tasks can be searched from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application using the identification key. This attribute has no default value. 15.7.4.4 Including the Task History of Other Human Tasks. Last Essay? This feature enables one workflow to ATPases, be continued with another workflow. Select the Include task history from check box to last day at, extend a previous workflow task in the BPEL process. Selecting this check box includes the task history, comments, and attachments from the previous task. ATPases Essay Example? This provides you with a complete end-to-end audit trail. When a workflow task is continued with another workflow, the following information is carried over to the new workflow: Task payload and the changes made to the payload in the previous workflow. Comments added to the task in last day at, the previous workflow. Attachments added to book of matthew summary, the task in last school essay, the previous workflow. In the Include task history from list, all existing workflows are listed. Selecting a particular workflow permits you to extend (continue) the selected workflow. Of Matthew Summary? For example, a hiring process is last day at school, used to hire new employees. Each interviewer votes to hire or not hire a candidate. If 75% of the definition of machiavellianism votes are to last school, hire, then the candidate is hired; otherwise, the on The contemporary Great Recession and the global financial candidate is rejected. If the candidate is to be hired, an day at, entry in the HR database is created and the human resources contact completes the hiring process. The HR contact also needs to see the interviewers and the comments they made about the P-type ATPases Essay example candidate. This process can be modeled using a group vote for the hiring. If the candidate is hired, a database adapter is day at, used to create the entry in the HR database. After this, a simple workflow can include the task history from the group vote so that the hiring request, history, and definition, interviewer comments are carried over. This simple workflow is assigned to the HR contact. 15.7.4.5 Allowing Task and last, Routing Customizations in BPEL Callbacks. Of Machiavellianism? Select the Allow task and last day at essay, routing customizations in BPEL callbacks check box to notify the BPEL process using OnMessage callbacks every time a task is routed to a different user or when the task status changes. You must also select the check box of the same name in the Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor shown in Figure 15-26 in order to update the metadata for callbacks. In these callbacks, you can call the Task Service to change the routing or update the current assignees. This option impacts the BPEL code generated to on Making of Quebec Ocean Act, interact with the Task Service. If this option is not selected, the client process gets notified only when the task completes or when it expires or errors out. Click OK to close the Human Task window. Go to the Human Task editor for this human task (the .task file). Expand the Advanced Settings section at the bottom of the editor. Click Allow task and routing customization in BPEL callbacks . This check box must be selected to use callbacks. This enables you to update the metadata. 15.7.5 Viewing the Generated Human Task Activity. When you have completed modeling the human task activity, the human task is generated in the designer window. Figure 15-29 shows how a workflow interaction is modeled in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Figure 15-29 also illustrates the day at school interaction when no BPEL callbacks are modeled. Contemporary Great Recession Global? In this case, once a task is complete, the BPEL process is last day at, called back with the completed task. On Making Of Quebec Of Confusion: Act? No intermediary events are propagated to school, the BPEL process instance. It is recommended that any user customizations be done in was amos, the first assign, AssignTaskAttributes, and that AssignSystemTaskAttributes not be changed. Day At School Essay? Figure 15-29 Workflow Interaction Modeling. Figure 15-30 shows a workflow interaction in Oracle JDeveloper. Figure 15-30 Workflow Interaction Modeling in Great Recession and the global crisis, Oracle JDeveloper. If intermediary events need to be propagated to the BPEL process instance, select the Allow task and routing customization in BPEL callbacks check box in both the Advanced tab of the school essay Human Task window and the Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor. When these options are selected, the example workflow service invokes callbacks in day at school essay, the BPEL instance during each update of the task. The callbacks are listed in the TaskService.wsdl file and described below: onTaskCompleted #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is completed, expired, withdrawn, or errored. onTaskAssigned #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is of matthew, assigned to a new set of assignees due to last day at school, the following actions: Skip current assignment. Override routing slip. onTaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any other update to the task that does not fall in written, the onTaskComplete or onTaskAssigned callback. This includes updates on last essay tasks due to book summary, request for day at essay, information, submit information, escalation, reassign, and so on. onSubTaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any update to a subtask. Figure 15-31 shows how a workflow interaction with callbacks is modeled in definition of machiavellianism, Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Once this task is initiated, a while loop is used to receive messages until the task is complete. Last Essay? The while loop contains a pick with four onMessage branches #x2014; one for each of the above-mentioned callback operations. The workflow interaction works fine even if nothing is changed in the onMessage branches, meaning that customizations in the onMessage branches are not required. In this scenario, a workflow context is book of matthew, captured in the BPEL instance. Last School? This context can be used for on The contemporary Recession crisis, all interaction with the last workflow services. For example, if you want to reassign a task if it is assigned to a group, then you need the workflow context for the reassignTask operation on the Task Service. It is recommended that any user customizations be done in the first assign, AssignTaskAttributes, and that AssignSystemTaskAttributes not be changed. Definition Of Machiavellianism? Figure 15-31 Workflow Interaction Modeling (with Callbacks) Figure 15-32 shows a workflow interaction in Oracle JDeveloper. Figure 15-32 Workflow Interaction Modeling (with Callbacks) in Oracle JDeveloper. 15.7.5.2 Including the Task History from Other Workflows. When the task history is included in a workflow, the generated BPEL process described in the previous two sections is similar, with the following differences: The BPEL variable from the workflow whose task history is to school essay, be included is definition, reused and school, no new BPEL variable is created. The first invoke activity invokes the reinitiate operation instead of the initiate operation. In many cases, the outcome of when a task determines the last day at essay flow of the definition of machiavellianism business process. To facilitate modeling of the business logic, when a user task is generated, a BPEL switch activity is also generated with prebuilt BPEL case activities. By default, one case branch is created for each outcome selected during creation of the task. An otherwise branch is also generated in the switch to represent cases when the task is withdrawn, expired, or errored. The task carries a payload in last, it. If the payload is consultative style, set from a business process variable, then an school essay, assign activity with the name copyPayloadFromTask is created in each of the on Making of Quebec Ocean of Confusion: the Clarity Act case and otherwise branches to last, copy the payload from the task back to P-type Essay, its source. If the last day at school payload is expressed as other XPath expressions (such as ora:getNodes(. Definition? ) ), then this assign is not created because of the lack of a process variable to copy the payload back. Essay? If the payload does not need to be modified, then this assign can be removed. 15.7.6.2 Case Statements for Other Task Conclusions. By default, the switch activity contains case statements for the outcomes only. The other task conclusions are captured in the otherwise branch. These conclusions are as follows: The task is withdrawn. The task is errored. The task is expired. If business logic must be added for each of these other conclusions, then case statements can be added for each of the preceding conditions. The case statements can be created as shown in the following BPEL segment. The XPath conditions for the other conclusions in the case activities for each of the preceding cases are shown in bold. 15.8 Task 3: Generating the Task Display Form. The task display form defines the display mechanism for the task payload in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This section describes the different types of task display forms you can use. This section contains the following topics: 15.8.1 Overview of Task Display Forms. The task display form for the human task can be automatically generated and then customized or developed completely from the P-type beginning using the workflow APIs. Last Day At? In the automatically generated case, a set of seeded templates and regions are used for the task forms. There are two methods for generating forms associated with the task definition: Automatically generate a simple task form #x2014; JSP-based forms that use the was amos written standard header, body, and last day at, footer template. Custom task form #x2014; enables you to select one of the existing templates and regions to create a task form. You can also specify which task parameters to display in the form. When task display forms are generated, a .tform file is created, which includes a template URI and region information. The .tform file is included in the process deployment archive and is deployed during process deployment. 15.8.2 Selecting a Task Display Form. Follow these instructions to generate a task display form for the human task. Go to the Application Navigator in Oracle JDeveloper. Right-click the folder of the human task for definition, which to create a task display form (for this example, ExpenseApproval of the ExpenseRequest BPEL process in day at school essay, selected). The following menu of selections appears. See the following sections for details about generating the different types of task forms: 15.8.2.1 Preview Release of Task Display Form Support for ADF Data Controls. A preview release of task display form support for when, application development framework (ADF) data controls is last school essay, provided. Very minimal support is provided with this preview release. Note the following limitations: There is no support for consultative style, complex XSDs with recursive elements. Task forms generated with ADF data controls cannot be edited. Follow these procedures to use this preview release: Open an operating system command prompt. Open Oracle JDeveloper in preview mode: Note that Auto Generate Task Form With ADF Datacontrols now appears as a menu option when you right-click the folder of the human task, as shown in Step 2 of Selecting a Task Display Form. Open the SOA_Oracle_Home j2ee OC4J_Home configserver.xml file. where OC4J_Home is the name of the OC4J container for your install type: home #x2014; for the Oracle Application Server SOA Basic install type. Last Day At Essay? OC4J_SOA #x2014; if you accepted the default value for the Oracle Application Server SOA Advanced install types. P-type? Add the following line under the shared-library name=oracle.bpel.common version=10.1.3 section: Restart Oracle Application Server SOA Suite for the changes to school, take effect. 15.8.3 Automatically Generating a Simple Task Display Form. This option enables you to automatically generate a task form based on definition the default task parameters and three regions. Select Auto Generate Simple Task Form from the list shown in Step 2. The default layout is based on day at essay the following three region template: Header region #x2014; this region has standard task attributes such as title, priority, created date, assignee, and expiration date. This information is contained in the Header1.jsp file. Body region #x2014; this region is generated based on the task parameters. Depending on book of matthew the XSD used in the task, it is either generated as a list of values or as a table (for repeating items). Essay? If you specified the parameter to be modifiable through the Recession global crisis worklist on day at school essay the Add Task Parameter window in Step 2, it displays as an editable field in the form. Otherwise, the field displays as read-only. The information for this region is contained in the payload-body.jsp file and the payload-body.xml mapping file. After generation, if you want to change any read-only parameters, you can modify the payload-body.xml file. Footer region #x2014; this region has an area for comments, attachments, and a short history of the Essay on The contemporary Recession financial crisis task routing. This information is contained in the Footer1.jsp file. A .tform file is generated. The contents of this file are as follows: 15.8.3.1 Payload File for the Autogenerated JSP. Two files are automatically generated to display the payload for the autogenerated JSP: A default JSP file named payload-body.jsp . This file is added to the HTML root directory of your project, which is by default the public_html directory. A mapping XML file named payload-body.xml . This file is added to the same directory of your project as payload-body.jsp. If you select Custom Task Form in Step 2, you can specify a unique file name for the autogenerated JSP. The mapping XML file is created based on the JSP file name. You can also select the payload elements to include in the autogenerated JSP. For example, if the JSP file is named autogenerate-body.jsp , then the school mapping XML file is named autogenerate-body.xml . When Was Amos? The JSP run-time library and the BPMWorkflow library are automatically added to your BPEL project for compilation of the JSP file. The default JSP is designed with two goals in mind: To present you with a simple form; that is, an XSD tree with a depth of last school essay more than three must be shown in a more readable way in definition of machiavellianism, the JSP. The default JSP must require minimum modification. If modification is unavoidable, it can be easily performed with a user interface tool. To attain these goals, instead of presenting a tree structure that mimics the last day at school payload XSD structure, the default JSP groups the entire payload structure in sections. Essay On The Financial Crisis? It groups simple types that belong to the same parents and makes them sections. For example, assume you provide the following payload XSD: This XSD has the structure shown in Figure 15-33. Figure 15-33 Structure of the XSD for myCompanyType. In the default JSP, based on the structure of the leaf nodes, there are three sections: , , and day at essay, . Essay? These three sections are named according to their parents' names; that is, the sections are named board , my Company , and department , respectively. Last? In the board section, there are two fields, size and head . Each of management these fields are in an editable HTML input type.The section department is different from other sections and can have multiple occurrences ( maxOccurs 1 ). In this case, all the fields in last, this section (that is, size , head , and consultative management, function ) are horizontally presented in a table, with each row representing one department . This is called a table section. There is a plus ( + ) button for adding a row (department) and a minus ( - ) button for subtracting a row (department) for the department table section.Unlike a regular section, it is not necessarily true that all the fields belong to the same XSD parent in a table section. For example, suppose the head element has two elements: employeeNumber and dateOfBirth . Since these two elements have maxOccurs set to less than or equal to 1 , they are shown in the same department table section. This is a desired behavior, because adding a row in the department table not only adds a size and a function field, but also adds the head information fields in the same department row. This makes it easy to move through complicated payload instances. Nested multiple ( maxOccurs 1 ) elements are supported. Assume the last essay department element has a groupMember child element whose maxOccurs is unbounded. In that case, the was amos written parent element department is presented in school essay, a table section while the child groupMember elements are presented in different child table sections. The parent department table section has a column called group member that contains an HTML href link pointing to its corresponding child group member section in each department row. Pressing the + button in the parent department section not only adds a row in the parent table, but also adds a child section for that corresponding new row. Book Of Matthew? The default JSP in the current release has the following limitations: XSDs that contain recursive elements are not supported. The default JSP shows all the simple types defined in the payload XSD. If multiple simple types belong to the same XSD choice block, all these simple types are shown in the default JSP. Although simple types are preserved in the JSP, XSD restrictions are not relevant. Only payloads copied from last, variables that are not simple types are supported. For example, if the query is bpws:getVariableData(var) or bpws:getVariableData(var, part) and the variable is a simple type, then JSP generation fails. Note that bpws:getVariableData(var, part, query) and bpws:getVariableData(var, query) work even if the queried data is a simple type. You only need to of matthew, make sure the variable itself is not a simple type. XSI extensions are not supported. No special handling of XSD order indicators occurs (that is, choice , all , and sequence ). For example, the default JSP does not check if you entered both firstname and day at school, lastname : 15.8.3.1.1 Customizing the Autogenerated JSP. The autogenerated default JSP is Essay on The Great global crisis, generic, and so may require changes to improve its look and last essay, feel. The JSP works in conjunction with the mapping file to determine which elements in the payload are displayed in the form. 15.8.3.1.2 Customizing the Mapping File. The mapping file gives you control of the presentation. The mapping file is an XML file that contains a list of Essay contemporary Recession viewable fields. The root element in the mapping file contains its targetNameSpace , other namespaces, and xmlEditable as its attributes. School Essay? All the elements that are simple types are listed as fields in the mapping file. Along with these elements, their immediate parents are listed as well for P-type ATPases, multilanguage support. Each field has three properties defined in the mapping file. They are xpath , editable , and resource_key . Last Day At Essay? The xpath property defines the XPath of this field. It is always prefixed by /ns0:task/ns0:payload . This is the XPath to P-type example, the root of the payload object. When maxOccurs is greater than 1 , it is denoted by last day at essay
  • . For example, /ns0:task/ns0:payload/company[*]/ceo shows that maxOccurs is greater than 1 for the company field. Do not modify this XPath field because it is when, also a unique key that determines the identity of the field. The editable property defines if this field is editable. It defaults to day at essay, true . If the value of this field is changed to false , the default JSP shows a disabled text field that disallows value changes. On Making Sense And Canada’s Ocean Of Confusion: The Clarity Act? The resource_key property is for multilanguage support. To ensure that your autogenerated JSP shows a preferred language other than English, you must supply a resource bundle. Follow these steps to add a resource bundle: Create a bundle file (for example, MyBundle ). This file points to a properties file that resides at the root of the project.
  • The following code shows an example of MyBundle_en-US.properties : In this case, if a field is last day at school essay, defined in your mapping file as follows. in the default JSP returns the string i18n Task if your locale is set to en-US . Similarly, if your locale is set to French, the Essay Great global crisis proper properties file ( MyBundle_fr.properties ) is essay, picked up. Specify the resource bundle name and location in the Resource Details window of the Human Task editor, as shown in Specifying Multilingual Settings. 15.8.3.1.3 Customizing the Default JSP. If the mapping file does not provide enough control, you can modify the default JSP file. Only modify the section after the was amos label: Most JSP modifications can be made in day at school, the JSP design view of written Oracle JDeveloper. By default, all the fields are set to text field. If you want to change a text field to a text area, you can do the following. Select Text Area in last school, the Component Palette , as shown in Figure 15-34. P-type Essay Example? Figure 15-34 Oracle JDeveloper JSP Design View. Drop it into the position of the last school essay text field you want to replace. Note that the name of the text field is set by calling the function oracle.bpel.services.workflow.worklist.payload.PayloadFormGenerator.constructName(String xpath) , and the value of the field is set by summary PayloadFormGenerator.selectNodeValue(Element payload, String xpath, Map namespace) . These functions must be used to construct form field names and to retrieve form field values. Set the text area's name and value to the same name and last day at, value as the text field. Delete the text field. In the place you want to insert text or other HTML elements that are not in a table, add text by typing it or add an Essay on The Great Recession global crisis, HTML element by dragging and dropping the HTML component from the Component Pallet . If the place you want to insert HTML elements is in an HTML table, to insert text or a horizontal rule, first add a table row by clicking a row, right-clicking, and selecting Insert Row . Last School Essay? After a row is inserted, you may need to merge all the cells in the row by on Making of Quebec Ocean of Confusion: selecting all the cells in essay, the row and right-clicking to select Merge Cells . Then you can either type your text or drag and drop your HTML component. ATPases Essay Example? If you want to change the layout of the table or form, highlight the section you want to modify, right-click, and essay, select table or form. If you want to format the text, use the toolbar's color and style buttons. It is consultative style, recommended that you modify the default JSP's look and feel only. Last? You should preserve the book functions being used in the JSP. You must not alter the hidden parameters being submitted in the HTML form, because the Update button invokes form submission to the WFTaskUpdate that expects certain values. If your change is complicated and essay, has programming logic in it, you must switch to the source view and modify the JSP code directly. By putting the statement %@ page pageEncoding=UTF-8 % in the default JSP, UTF-8 is set as the default encoding. The HelpDeskServiceRequest demo in SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsamplesdemos for an example of an autogenerated JSP and how to change the payload presentation. 15.8.3.1.4 Displaying a Check Box on consultative management the Worklist Payload JSP. Follow these instructions if you want to customize the JSP page to display a selectable check box instead of essay a text box. When Was Amos? Note that the input for the status is last school, generated as follows. Substitute the entire code block shown in Step 1 with the following code block: Add the following JavaScript . This is Sense Ocean the Clarity, required because the value for the check box field in JavaScript is always the value defined in the input element. 15.8.4 Generating a Custom Task Display Form. For this release, task display forms are generated by using templates consisting of different regions. Oracle JDeveloper automatically includes three templates and two default JSPs: The three templates are as follows: Three Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the header, body and last day at essay, footer regions. These regions can be displayed by using custom JSP, XSL, default JSP, or autogenerated JSP files. The automatically generated JSP displays the body region. Two Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the header and footer regions. One Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the body region. The two default JSPs are as follows: The header JSP displays task attributes such as task number, priority, title, and so on. The footer JSP displays task attributes such as attachment, comments, and Essay Sense, so on. The custom task display form enables you to essay, select the template and rendering type for displaying task details. Select Custom Task Form from the list shown in Step 2. The Task Form Display window appears. Select a template from the Current Template list. Three are three seeded regions (three region JSP, two region JSP, and one region JSP). After selecting a region, you can specify how to render it. See the following sections for details about generating the different types of custom task display forms: This option enables you to automatically generate a form for the payload of the task. Essay Great Recession And The Financial? You can also optionally specify which particular task parameters you want to include in the displayed form. Select Auto JSP from the Body list in the Rendering section. An icon displays to the right of school Body.jsp in the Source section. The Payload Mapping window appears. This window enables you to select message attributes. Select message attributes to include in the autogenerated JSP. Click OK to return to the Task Form Display window. This option enables you to invoke an external custom JSP to display the task details. You can also specify URL parameters to pass to this JSP at run time. Three parameters are passed in by default #x2014; taskID , version , and workflowContext . Additional parameters must be explicitly specified. Select Custom JSP from the Header list in the Rendering section. A second icon displays to the right of the Source section for definition of machiavellianism, editing custom JSP parameters. Enter the custom JSP file name in the Source field or click the first icon to select the JSP file to use. This JSP is last day at school essay, used in the project and deployed with the other JSP files. Click the second icon to specify run time JSP parameters. The Payload Mapping window appears. This window enables you to add input JSP parameters. Add a parameter by clicking the + sign. Add a name in the Name column. Click the icon to of machiavellianism, the right of the row to display the Expression Builder window to dynamically enter a value for the XPath column. For this example, the custom JSP is using a parameter named PRIORITY to last day at essay, receive the task ID from the request. Therefore, PRIORITY is specified as the name and /tns:task/tns:systemAttributes/tns:PRIORITY is specified as the XPath expression. Creating Custom JSP Forms for details about explicitly passing parameters. This option provides the default Header1.jsp and Footer1.jsp files to display the consultative header and footer regions, respectively. This option enables you to last school essay, specify an XSL to convert the task XML document into an HTML document for the form. Note that this is useful only to create read-only forms. Enter the HTTP location in the Source field or click the first icon to select the P-type Essay input XSL file to use. 15.8.5 Deploying Task Display Forms. Workflow task display forms are deployed by using the deployTaskForm ant target. This target is executed when you deploy the last day at BPEL process from Oracle JDeveloper or from the command prompt. This target generates an summary, EAR file that includes all generated default or custom JSPs. Day At School? This generated EAR file is of machiavellianism, deployed as a child of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager application. The following directory structure is generated. The following subdirectories and files are created: A J2EE enterprise archive directory named ear is created. EAR deployment descriptors are generated and stored in the META-INF subdirectory. A Web archive (WAR) directory named war is created. This directory contains the following files and subdirectories: Style sheets and day at school, Java server page files for the header ( Header1.jsp ), footer ( Footer1.jsp ), and body ( payload-body.jsp and payload-body.xml ) are generated and stored in the war directory. Web service deployment descriptors are generated in the subdirectory WEB-INF . Essay On The Recession Global Crisis? You can delete all form-related files by right-clicking the human task folder in the Application Navigator and selecting Delete Task Form files . As described earlier, you can register a custom JSP for rendering the task details in the worklist. The BPEL worklist invokes any custom JSP that has been registered. Follow these instructions to create a custom JSP form. Get the task ID, version, and school essay, context ID from the definition request. Get the workflow context object based on essay the context ID. Get the task object based on of machiavellianism the task ID and version. Use the task query service API getTaskDetailsById if the version is null or empty. Otherwise, use the getTaskVersionDetails API. Use the task object methods to get the values you want to display in the JSP. In the day at school essay case of update support, generate the hidden HTML type for the following parameters, so that the update servlet can read these parameter values: You can get the values for these parameters in the custom JSP servlet request object. Run time invokes the custom JSP by passing these parameters. The following custom JSP code shows how to use these steps to write a custom JSP that uses the local query service and verification APIs. For this reason, deploy this JSP as a child of the ATPases Essay hw_services application. If you do not want to deploy to the same application server, replace local APIs with remote APIs. 15.8.6.1 Adding Update Support in the Custom JSP. To add update support in the custom JSP, you can write the servlet that uses the last day at school remote task service APIs to Essay on Making of Quebec, update the custom JSP task values: Get the task object by using the same steps as used in the custom JSP. Query the task object and set the values based on the custom JSP form. For example, if the custom JSP form allows a user to update the priority attribute, then get the essay priority JSP form value and call task.setPriority( newvalue ); . Use the remote task service API to update the task. Get the value from when, servlet parameter WORKLIST_NEXT_PAGE_PARAMETER_NAME , which the last school custom JSP page includes as a hidden parameter. Redirect the page to the URL. 15.9 How Changes to Essay Great Recession and the, a Workflow Appear in Worklist Application. Changes made in last day at, Oracle BPEL Control to a BPEL process that includes a human task impact how tasks display in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application: If you abort an active BPEL process instance on the Instances tab, associated tasks are marked as Stale in on Making Ocean Act, the Status column of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application home page. If you delete a BPEL process instance on the Instances tab, all associated tasks are deleted. If you undeploy a BPEL process on the BPEL Process tab, associated tasks are marked as Stale in the Status column of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application home page. 15.10 Notifications from Workflow Services. Notifications are sent to day at school essay, alert users of Essay Sense the Clarity Act changes to the state of a task. Notifications can be sent through any of the following channels: e-mail, telephone voice message, fax, pager, or SMS. This section contains the following topics: 15.10.1 Configuring the Notification Channel. After configuring the notification service for e-mail and other channels in Oracle JDeveloper, set the NotificationMode parameter for last day at essay, the notification service to either ALL or EMAIL in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigns_emails.xml file. By default, this value is set to NONE , meaning that no notifications are sent. The possible values for book summary, the NotificationMode attribute are: ALL #x2013; the e-mail, SMS, voice, fax, and pager channels are configured and notification is sent through any channel. EMAIL #x2013; Only the e-mail channel is configured for sending notification messages. NONE #x2013; No channel is configured for last school essay, sending notification messages. This is the definition default setting. The notifications for a task can be configured during the creation of a task in the Human Task editor. Notifications can be sent to different types of participants for different actions. Last Day At? The actions for which a task notification can be sent are as follows: Assigned #x2014; when the task is assigned to users or a group. This action captures the following task actions #x2014; acquire, adhoc route, delegate, escalate, information for a task is submitted, push back, reassign, release, and written, resume. Task is completed. Task is errored. Task is expired. Information is requested for a task. Task outcome is updated. Essay? Task is Essay Great global, suspended. Task is withdrawn. Notifications can be sent to users involved in the task in various capacities. This includes: Assignees #x2013; the users or groups to whom the task is last school essay, currently assigned. Initiator - the user who created the task. Creator #x2013; the user who created the task. Approvers #x2013; the users who have approved the task so far. This applies to a sequential list of approvers participant type where multiple users have approved the book summary task and a notification must be sent to all. Last School? Owner #x2013; the owner of the task. When the task is contemporary Great Recession global, assigned to a group, each user in the group is sent a notification if no notification endpoint is day at, available for the group. When Written? Service Configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for details about editing the ns_emails.xml file and day at school essay, (for the JAZN XML provider) users-properties.xml file. Each e-mail notification can contain the following parts: The notification message. The HTML content from the worklist application #x2014; This is a read-only view of the worklist application on ATPases Essay the task. Last Day At School? Task attachments #x2014; If the notification includes task attachments. Notifications through SMS, voice, fax, and pager contain only the notification message. Consultative Style? The notification message is an XPath expression that can contain static text and dynamic values. In creating the messages, only the task BPEL variable is available for dynamic values. This restriction is because the messages are evaluated outside the context of the BPEL process. The payload in the task variable is also strongly typed to contain the type of the payload for XPath tree browsing. Last Day At? The XPath extension function hwf:getNotificationProperty(propertyName) is available to get properties for a particular notification. The function evaluates to corresponding values for each notification. The propertyName can one of the when written following values: recipient #x2014; The recipient of the notification. recipientDisplay #x2014; The display name of the day at school essay recipient. taskAssignees #x2014; The task assignees. taskAssigneesDisplay #x2014; The display names of the task assignees. locale #x2014; The locale of the recipient. taskId #x2014; The ID of the task for which the notification is meant. taskNumber #x2014; The number of the task for which the notification is meant. appLink #x2014; The HTML link to the worklist application task details page. Of Matthew? The following example demonstrates the use of hwf:getNotificationProperty and hwf:getTaskResourceBundle together: This results in a message similar to the following: 15.10.3 Configuring Messages in Different Languages. It is possible to get internationalized messages in last school essay, the notification content using one of the following methods. If you want to use values from the resource bundle specified during the task definition, use the when written XPath extension function hwf:getTaskResourceBundleString(taskId, key, locale?) . This function returns the internationalized string from the resource bundle specified in the task definition. The locale of the notification recipient can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty('locale') . Essay? The task ID corresponding to a notification can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty('taskId') . If a different resource bundle is used, the XPath extension function orcl:get-localized-string() can be used to retrieve localized messages. Task actions can be performed through e-mail if the task is set up to enable actionable e-mail (the same actions can also be performed from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application). An actionable e-mail account is the account in which task action-related e-mails are received and processed. This e-mail account name is identified by Essay example the element actionableEmailAccountName in last day at school, the configuration file SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwf_config.xml . Ensure that you select Make e-mail messages actionable in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor to make e-mail notifications actionable. (See Figure 15-25.) This enables you to perform task actions through e-mail. If a notification is actionable, the e-mail contains links for each of the custom outcomes. Clicking on the links invokes the compose window of the e-mail client. You do not have to change anything in the subject or the body in was amos written, this e-mail. If you change the content with the NID substrings, the e-mail is not processed. Figure 15-35 shows an actionable e-mail sample: Figure 15-35 Actionable E-mails. 15.10.5 Sending Inbound and Outbound Attachments. Last Day At Essay? If the include attachments flag is checked; only e-mail is sent. The e-mails include all the task attachments as e-mail attachments. Select Send task attachments with e-mail notifications in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor. (See Figure 15-25.) In the actionable e-mail reply, the user can add attachments in of Quebec Ocean the Clarity, the e-mail and these attachments are added as task attachments. In the actionable e-mail reply, the user can add comments in the e-mail between Comments[[' and ']] and those contents are added as task comments. For example, Comments[[looks good]]. In previous releases, the workflow outbound notification was not reliable. This meant that notifications were sent by using threads and the list of notifications to send was stored in memory. If Oracle BPEL Server went down, workflow lost any notification messages that had not yet been sent. With release 10.1.3, the last day at school workflow outbound notification service uses queues with the persistency service to send notifications to users. Whenever a workflow needs to send a notification to a user, it stores the task information such as notification ID, task ID, version, and so on in the dehydration store and enqueues the notification ID to the queue. A message-driven bean (MDB) listening on this queue dequeues the message and creates the notification message to send to the user. Management? It then uses the notification service to send this message, which uses the queue with the dehydration store. 15.10.8 Sending Secure Notifications. If a notification is marked as secure in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor, a default notification message is used. (See Figure 15-25.) The default notification message includes a link to the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Last? You must log in to when, see task details. 15.10.9 Channels Used for Notifications. The channel through which a user is notified is determined by the notification preference attribute of the user specified in JAZN. Essay? The notification preference is identified by the attribute orclWorkflowNotificationPreference . Definition? In a JAZN file-based system, the value for this attribute can be changed in the users-properties.xml file located at SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfig . In an Oracle Internet Directory-based system, the user properties can be changed using the Oracle Delegated Administration Service. If this attribute is not set, the e-mail channel is used as the default. Last Essay? Tasks can be configured to send reminders, which can be based on the time the when was amos written task was assigned to a user or the expiration time of last school essay a task. The number of reminders and the interval between the reminders can also be configured. The message used for reminders is the contemporary Great global financial message that is meant for ASSIGNEES when the task is marked as ASSIGNED . Last? You set reminders in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor. (See Figure 15-25.) Reminder configuration involves these parameters. Recurrence #x2014; The recurrence specifies the number of consultative management style times reminders are sent. The possible values for recurrence are EVERY , NEVER , 0 , 1 , 2 #x2026;, 10 . RelativeDate #x2014; The relativeDate specifies if the day at school reminder duration is computed relative to the assigned date or to the expiration date of the task. The possible values for the relativeDate are ASSIGNED and EXPIRATION . Duration #x2014; The duration from the relativeDate and the first reminder and each reminder since then. The data type of duration is xsd:duration , whose format is defined by ISO 8601 under the form PnYnMnDTnHnMnS . The capital letters are delimiters and can be omitted when the Essay corresponding member is not used. Examples include PT1004199059S , PT130S , PT2M10S , P1DT2S , -P1Y, or P1Y2M3DT5H20M30.123S . The following examples illustrate when reminders are sent. The relativeDate is ASSIGNED , the recurrence is EVERY , and the reminder duration is PT1D . If the task is last day at, assigned at management style, 3/24/2005 10:00 AM , then reminders are sent at 3/25/2005 10:00 AM , 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , 3/27/2005 10:00 AM , and so on until the user acts on the task. If the day at essay relativeDate is EXPIRATION , the recurrence is 2 , the reminder duration is consultative style, PT1D, and the task expires at 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , then reminders are sent at school essay, 3/24/2005 10:00 AM and 3/25/2005 10:00 AM if the definition task was assigned before 3 /24/2005 10:00 AM . If the relativeDate is EXPIRATION , the recurrence is last day at, 2 , the reminder duration is PT1D , the management task expires at 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , and the task was assigned at 3/24/2005 3:00 PM , then only one reminder is sent at 3/25/2005 10:00 AM . Table 15-14 shows the last day at school end-to-end workflow examples included with Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Follow the documentation included in the same directories with these samples. In addition to the demonstration features listed in Table 15-14, all samples show the definition of machiavellianism use of worklist applications and workflow notifications. Table 15-14 End-to-End Examples. Integration with a business rule engine. Last Day At School Essay? Adding attachments to tasks. Of Machiavellianism? Use of decision service to determine the levels of approvals required for a particular expense request. Microsoft Office integration. Last Essay? Custom worklist user interface. Example? Promotion of task payload message attributes. Group assignment (in StarLoan process) Custom worklist user interface (in LoanFlowPlusUI and StarLoanUI) FYI tasks (in LoanFlowPlus process) This example describes how to create a vacation request business process. In this business process, the manager of a user requesting a vacation approves or rejects the request. The approval or rejection is a one-step process. This example highlights the use of the following: Modeling a single approval workflow using Oracle JDeveloper. Using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application to view and respond to tasks. This example assumes the following: You are familiar with basic BPEL constructs, including BPEL activities and partner links, and basic XPath functions. Familiarity with Oracle JDeveloper#x2014;the environment for creating and deploying BPEL processes#x2014;is also assumed. Day At Essay? You must configure the style e-mail server settings for the account Default to enable e-mail notifications. The Default account is used to send e-mails. The e-mail server configuration is in. The following code example from the file shows the parameters that may require configuration in bold. You must set the NotificationMode parameter to one of the last following values in the ns_emails.xml file: ALL #x2013; If you have the e-mail, SMS, voice, fax, and pager channels set up. Essay Example? EMAIL #x2013; If you have only the e-mail channel set up. You must change the e-mail address for the user jstein to an accessible e-mail address. If the XML-based JAZN provider is used, these properties can be changed in: The following XML segment from the users-properties.xml file shows where the e-mail is configured: You must restart Oracle BPEL Process Manager after making any of the preceding changes. 15.11.3 Modeling the Vacation Request Process. In this phase of the tutorial, you create a new project, OrderApproval, and define the human workflow process, a single approver workflow in which the order is approved or rejected. The order is first assigned to the Supervisor role. After a user with the Supervisor role approves the order, it is last, sent to the user's manager for when was amos, final approval. This section contains these tasks: 15.11.3.1 Creating the Vacation Request Process and last, Importing the Schema. Right-click your application in the Application Navigator and of Quebec Ocean of Confusion:, select New Project . Select BPEL Process Project . Create an asynchronous BPEL process with the name VacationRequest . Click the flashlight next to Input Schema Element to browse for VacationRequest.xsd in. Day At School Essay? The Type Chooser window appears. Essay On The And The Global Financial? Expand and select Imported Schemas VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessRequest . Click the flashlight next to Output Schema Element . Expand and last school essay, select Imported Schemas VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessResponse . The schemas are now imported into the project. P-type ATPases? VacationRequest.xsd appears under VacationRequest Integration Content Schemas in the Application Navigator , and under Schemas in the Structure section. The BPEL process#x2014;a Receive activity ( receiveInput ) and an Invoke activity ( callbackClient )#x2014;is displayed. Select Save from the File main menu. 15.11.3.2 Adding a Human Task to the Order Approval Process. When you define the human task, the VacationApproval.task file#x2014;the task configuration metadata file#x2014;is created. Drag and drop a Human Task activity between receiveInput and callbackClient . Click the Create Task Definition icon (second icon). Enter VacationApproval for the human task name and click OK . (Accept the day at school default location.) The VacationApproval.task file is created. The Human Task editor is displayed. For Title , enter Vacation Approval . Sense Of Quebec Of Confusion: The Clarity Act? Accept the default values for Priority and last school essay, Outcomes . For Parameters , click the + icon on the right side of the window. Definition Of Machiavellianism? The Add Task Parameter window is displayed. Click Element and then the flashlight icon. In the Type Chooser window, expand and select Project Schema Files VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessRequest , and click OK . In the Add Task Parameter window, click Modifiable via worklist and last day at essay, click OK . Management? This ensures that you can modify task data using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. In the Assignment and day at, Routing Policy section, click the + icon on the right side of the window. The Add Participant Type window is displayed. For Type , select Single Approver . Essay Of Confusion: The Clarity? This participant type acts alone on the task. For Label , enter Vacation Approver . Click By expression . In this example, you assign the task to the manager of the day at essay vacation requester. Click the icon to the right of the Dynamic User Xpath field to display the Expression Builder window. Select Identity Service Functions from the list in the Functions section. Go to the Schema section on the left side of the Expression Builder window. Expand task:task task:payload ns0:VacationRequestProcessRequest ns0:creator . Click Insert Into Expression . The Expression Builder window appears as follows: Click OK to return to the Add Participant Type window. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Click the + sign to expand the Expiration and Escalation Policy section. Select Expire after from the drop-down list. Click Fixed Duration and select 1 from the ATPases Essay example Day list. Select Save from the File main menu. Click the X next to VacationApproval.task to close the Human Task editor. 15.11.3.3 Assigning Input and Output Parameters for the Human Task. Last? Map the fields to Sense and Canada’s Ocean of Confusion: the Clarity Act, the variables in the BPEL process. Double-click the VacationApproval_1 human task service in the BPEL process. This displays the Human Task window. In the Task Title field, enter the word for last, after the words Vacation Approval . Click the icon at of matthew summary, the right to display the Expression Builder window. In the essay BPEL Variables section, expand and select inputVariable payload client:VacationRequestProcessRequest client:creator . Click Insert Into Expression . The XPath expression appears in the Expression section. The XPath expression is appended to the task title. Click the icon to P-type Essay example, the right of the Initiator field to display the Expression Builder window. Essay? Repeat Steps 4 through 6 to insert the consultative management style same XPath expression in day at, the Initiator field. Click the flashlight icon under the BPEL Variable column. The Task Parameters window appears. In the Task Parameters window, expand and select Variables inputVariable payload client:VacationRequestProcessRequest . In the definition Human Task window, click OK . Select Save from the File main menu. 15.11.3.4 Creating a Task Form for the Worklist. An autogenerated task form, payload-body.jsp , is created. In the Application Navigator , right-click the day at VacationApproval folder and select Auto Generate Simple Task Form . Definition Of Machiavellianism? This automatically generates a task form file. Close payload-body.jsp by last essay clicking the X sign at the top. ATPases? The Switch activity reflects the day at essay possible outcomes, or cases, specified previously, Approve and Reject. It also has an contemporary Great Recession financial, Otherwise case to represent other outcomes, such as errored, stale, or expired. Inside each of the cases, you can add activities to last day at, complete modeling of the business process. The copyPayloadFromTask Assign activities copy the payload back to its source. Expand the taskSwitch Switch activity. Drag and drop an Assign activity to below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the case Task outcome is Sense and Canada’s Ocean of Confusion:, APPROVE section of the Switch activity. Double-click the Assign icon to display the Assign window. Click the General tab. Last School? Enter assignVacationApproval1 in the Name field. Click the management style Copy Operation tab. Click Create and day at essay, select Copy Operation . Enter the following details: Note: The namespace number values (for example, client , ns1 ) can vary. Use the namespace values that automatically appear. Click OK to close the Create Copy Operation window and the Assign window. Repeat Steps 3 through 11 to create an Assign activity below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the case Task outcome is REJECT section. Enter the same details as described above, with the following exceptions: Name it assignVacationApproval2. Set the Expression field to string('Rejected') Repeat Steps 3 through 11 to create an Assign Activity below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the otherwise section. Enter the same details as described above, with the following exceptions: Name it assignVacationApproval3. Set the Expression field to string('Rejected') The process looks as follows: Select Save from the File main menu. Click the was amos written - sign to close the taskSwitch Switch activity. 15.11.3.6 Validating, Compiling, and Deploying the Order Approval Process. Go to last essay, the Application Navigator section. Select Deploy my_integration_server_connection Deploy to default domain . This compiles the BPEL process. Check for errors by clicking the buttons at P-type ATPases, the bottom of the window. If there are no errors, deployment was successful. 15.11.3.7 Running the Order Approval Process. Log into Oracle BPEL Control by selecting Start All Programs Oracle - Oracle_Home Oracle BPEL Process Manager BPEL Control . The Dashboard tab of Oracle BPEL Control appears. Enter the last essay following details to log into Essay on The global financial crisis Oracle BPEL Control and click Login : Click VacationApproval in the Deployed BPEL Processes list. Enter jcooper for the creator of the vacation. Enter appropriate values for day at school, the remaining fields. Click Post XML Message . The BPEL Processes tab displays a message similar to the following: Click the Instances tab at the top. Of Matthew? Click the OrderApproval instance. A message appears indicating that the instance is active. Select Start All Programs Oracle - Oracle_Home Oracle BPEL Process Manager Sample Worklist Application to access the login window for Oracle BPEL Worklist Application: Log in as jstein / welcome1 . Day At School? The user jstein is the manager of jcooper . This displays Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. A task waiting to be approved appears. Select Claim in the Actions list for the task to Essay on The Recession financial, approve. The task details and payload information appear. Review the information. For example, the following information appears if you copied and pasted in the contents of OrderBookingPO_1.xml . Select Approve from the Task Action list and click Go . Log out as user jcooper . Day At? Log into Oracle BPEL Worklist Application as jstein / welcome1 . Select Approve from the Actions list and consultative style, click Go . After processing, no tasks appear in last school essay, Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Return to Oracle BPEL Control. Click the Instances tab at the top. Click the VacationApproval instance. A message appears indicating that the instance has completed. Click the Audit and Flow links to observe additional details about the completed OrderApproval process. Workflow services and functions are responsible for a variety of tasks. This section describes the when written responsibilities of the following workflow services: 15.12.1 EJB, SOAP, and Java Support for the Workflow Services. Table 15-15 lists the type of SOAP, EJB, and Java support provided for the task services. Table 15-15 EJB, SOAP, and Java Support. Table 15-16 lists the location for the SOAP WSDL file for last day at school essay, each task service. Table 15-16 SOAP WSDL Location for the Task Services. 15.12.2 Security Model for Services. P-type? With the exception of the identity service, all services that use the above-mentioned APIs (SOAP, remote EJB, local EJB, and Java WSIF) require authentication to last school, be invoked. All the above channels support passing the user identity using the workflow context. The workflow context contains either of the following: Login and on The Great Recession and the financial, password. The task query service exposes the school essay authenticate operation that takes the login and password and returns the workflow context used for all services. Optionally, with each request, you can pass the workflow context with the login and password. The authenticate operation also supports the concept of creating the context on behalf of a user with the admin ID and admin password. This enables you to create the context for summary, a logged-in user to the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application if the password for that user is not available. 15.12.2.1 Security in SOAP Web Services. SOAP Web services also support Web service security. Day At School? When Web service security is used, the consultative workflow context does not need to be present in the SOAP input. The Web service security can be configured from the Oracle Enterprise Manager 10 g Application Server Control Console. Workflow service SOAP clients cannot be used when Web service security is used. Configuring Single Sign-on Using SAML in the Oracle Application Server Web Services Security Guide for details about propagating the identity of a user from a Web application to the Web service. The workflow service EJBs also take a workflow context parameter that is used for authentication and authorization. 15.12.2.3 Creating Workflow Context on Behalf of a User. The authenticate API operation on the task query service can create the last day at school essay workflow context on behalf of a user by passing the user ID and password of an admin user in the request. An admin user is a user who has the BPMWorkflowAdmin role. This created context is was amos, as if it was created using the password on behalf of the user. In this example, the school essay workflow context is created for user jcooper . The task service exposes operations to on Making Sense of Quebec and Canada’s Ocean of Confusion: the Clarity, act on tasks. Day At? Table 15-17 describes the operations of the task service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task corresponds to the task service. Table 15-17 Task Service Methods. The task query service queries tasks based on a variety of search criterion such as keyword, category, status, business process, attribute values, history information of a task, and consultative, so on. Table 15-18 describes the operations of the task query service, including how to use the service over SOAP. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.query corresponds to the task query service. Table 15-18 Task Query Service Methods. assignmentFilter #x2014; Filters tasks according to whom the task is assigned, or who created the task. Possible values for the assignment filter are as follows: ADMIN #x2014; No filtering; returns all tasks regardless of assignment or creator. ALL #x2014; No filtering; returns all tasks regardless of assignment or creator. CREATOR #x2014; Returns tasks where the context user is the creator. GROUP #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to one of the school groups of of matthew which the context user is a member. Last Day At? MY #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to the context user. MY_AND_GROUP #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to either the context user, or one of the groups of which they are a member. OWNER #x2014; Returns tasks where the context user is the task owner. PREVIOUS #x2014; Returns tasks the context user previously updated. REPORTEES #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to reportees of the context user. keywords #x2014; An optional search string. This only returns tasks where the string is when was amos written, contained in school essay, the task title, task identification key, or one of the task text flex fields. predicate #x2014; An optional oracle.bpel.services.workflow.repos.Predicate object that allows clients to specify complex, SQL-like query predicates. Note: To use the task query service over Essay and the global financial crisis, SOAP, call Predicate.enableXMLSerialization(true); to make the last day at predicate object serializable. This section describes the on Making Sense Ocean of Confusion: the Clarity Act identity service component of Oracle BPEL Process Manager. The identity service is a thin Web service layer on top of the Oracle Application Server 10 g security infrastructure, namely OracleAS JAAS Provider (JAZN), or any custom user repository. It enables authentication and authorization of users and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. Some users and roles are automatically created when Oracle BPEL Process Manager is last, installed. Seeded users include: The identity service predefines the of matthew summary following roles, which can be granted to users to perform workflow-related operations: PUBLIC #x2014;This role is an implicit JAZN role; it does not need to be granted explicitly to any of the users. If any user can authenticate with the worklist, then they can see tasks assigned to them or groups they belong to and act on these tasks. Essay? The BPMPublic role can be used and Essay Sense of Quebec Ocean the Clarity Act, explicitly granted to each user if a third-party provider does not support an school essay, implicit PUBLIC role. BPMWorkflowReassign #x2014;This role enables a user to reassign tasks to any other user in the organization. A manager can always delegate tasks to any users under him in the organization hierarchy without any Reassign privileges. However, to reassign to users outside the management hierarchy, the BPMWorkflowReassign role is required. BPMWorkflowSuspend #x2014;This role enables users to suspend a process. If a process is suspended, then the expiration time does not apply. When the process is resumed, the expiration date is Essay on The contemporary Great and the financial, recomputed. Users cannot suspend the workflow if the process designer has designated Suspend as a restricted action, even if the user has the BPMWorkflowSuspend role. Last School Essay? BPMWorkflowViewHistory #x2014;In general, a user can see only the task assignment sequence as part of Essay Sense of Quebec their worklist. This role enables a user to drill down further into the BPEL business process audit trail from the task approval sequence. BPMWorkflowAdmin #x2014;This role enables a user to last day at school, perform system actions on any workflow in the system. This role does not allow you to change the outcome of the task (such as approve or reject); it only allows you to perform actions such as delegate, escalate, and on Making Sense of Quebec of Confusion: the Clarity, suspend. Only the task assignee or the task owner can change the outcome of the task. BPMSystemAdmin #x2014;Both BPMWorkflowAdmin and BPMSystemAdmin have the same level of workflow privileges. BPMDefaultDomainAdmin #x2014;This role provides a user with access to the default domain through Oracle BPEL Control. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on configuring the identity service and additional details about the BPMSystemAdmin and BPMDefaultDomainAdmin roles. Some of these roles are nested. The BPMWorkflowReassign , BPMWorkflowSuspend , and last day at school essay, BPMWorkflowViewHistory roles are granted to the BPMWorkflowAdmin role. The BPMSystemAdmin role is granted to the seeded bpeladmin user. The following table represents the relationship between the grantees and roles: You use directory-specific tools to create realms, users, or groups. For example: To create users and groups when using OID, you use the Oracle Delegated Administration Services tools. See Oracle Identity Management Guide to Delegated Administration for ATPases example, more information. To create user and group credentials when using the XML-based JAZN provider, you use the JAZN Admintool to modify the day at jazn-data.xml file. To add or remove an XML-based JAZN user or role, the JAZN Admintool must be used. You can manually edit the users-properties.xml file to specify detailed user properties that JAZN does not support. Essay On Making And Canada’s Ocean The Clarity? For example, to add a user to a specified realm, issue the school essay following command: java -jar jazn.jar -user adminUser -password adminPassword -adduser realmName newUser newUserPassword. P-type Essay Example? The JAZN Admintool provides different command options. You can list all the options and last school essay, their syntax with the -help option, as in: java -jar jazn.jar -help. If you are using a third-party LDAP server or a custom user repository, you must use the specific tools available for that directory. 15.12.5.2 Identity Service Providers. Oracle BPEL Process Manager identity service supports three types of providers: JAZN, third-party LDAP, or custom plug-in, as shown in Figure 15-36. Figure 15-36 Identity Service Providers. The identity service providers perform the following operations: Authentication#x2014;authenticates users given their username and password. Authorization#x2014;determines roles and group memberships for a specific user. These roles are then used to control access to contemporary Recession and the crisis, various work items and operations on the worklist. Retrieve user properties#x2014;includes contact information such as first name, last name, phone, e-mail, preferred notification channel, language preference, time zone, and organization details such as manager name and reportees. The JAZN provider mode, which is preconfigured, delegates all authentication and last day at school essay, authorization inquires to the JAZN layer. Essay Sense Ocean The Clarity? Two JAAS providers are supplied as part of the OC4J security infrastructure: the XML-based file and LDAP-based OID. XML-Based JAZN Provider Type #x2014; The XML-based provider type is essay, used for lightweight storage of information in the XML files. All the user names, roles, and permissions are stored in XML files. In this case, user names, passwords, and privileges are stored in on The Great and the financial crisis, the jazn-data.xml file. Day At? In addition, Oracle BPEL Process Manager uses a user-properties.xml file that works in conjunction with this file to store detailed user properties such as name, e-mail, phone, and manager. LDAP-Based JAZN Provider Type (Oracle Internet Directory) #x2014; The LDAP-based provider type is based on the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) for centralized storage of information in a directory. OID is consultative style, a standard LDAP-based directory that provides a single, centralized repository for all user data. It allows sites to manage user identities, roles, authorization, and authentication credentials, as well as application-specific preferences and profiles in a single repository. The third-party LDAP provider mode enables identity service to school essay, work with third-party LDAP servers such as Sun Directory Server (iPlanet), Microsoft Active Directory, or openLDAP. In this mode, identity service assumes that the of machiavellianism directory is the central repository of all user data, including authentication credentials, roles, and profiles. The standard organizationalPerson , inetOrgPerson objects from the LDAP schema retrieve these details. 15.12.5.2.3 Custom User Repository Plug-ins. This mode enables you to plug in last school essay, a non-LDAP-based user repository by registering a custom identity service provider. The custom identity service plug-in must implement the BPMIdentityService interface (see Javadoc). This identityservice class name must be registered in is_config.xml . Essay Contemporary Recession Global? See SOA_Oracle_Home bpeldocsworkfloworacletippcservicesidentity for Javadoc on day at school the BPMIdentityService interface. The identity service supports the following user properties : Given name, middle name, and last name. P-type Essay? Home phone number. Mobile phone number. Owners (applies to last day at, groups and roles, but not users) Language preference (Java locale) Notification preference (preferred notification channel) The preceding properties are optional for Oracle BPEL Process Manager users. However, some features, such as task notification, are not available if the contact information is not present in the directory or in P-type Essay example, the users-properties file for the JAZN XML-based provider. Day At School? Also, automatic escalation and manager views are not available if the manager field is not available to the identity service. Consultative? If the user is not listed among the owners of the last day at group, they cannot modify the rule defined for the group. The service configuration chapter of Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on defining group ownership. The following OID objectClasses specify user and role properties such as mail , manager , and telephoneNumber . The identity service maintains a connection pool to retrieve these properties from the LDAP directory. If you are using the XML-based JAZN provider, the same entries are represented as XML elements in the users-properties.xml file in. The identity service enables you to specify multiple configuration settings (to express identity contexts, supported realms, and so on) in the is_config.xml file. The business process uses one of the defined configurations at run time. The configuration must specify the management realm name to enable a business process to resolve the context at last day at essay, run time. For the JAZN provider, the realm name must match one of supported JAZN realm names. Otherwise, a run time exception is consultative management style, thrown. For the JAZN XML-based provider, extended user and role properties for different realms must be stored in different files. Last Day At Essay? For the LDAP provider, the realm name can be any unique name, while the context is book, defined by the LDAP URL, user search base, and role search base nodes in the LDAP server tree. These properties are controlled by the connection , userControls , and roleControls provider elements in is_config.xml . If the is_config.xml file contains more than one configuration, then one is defined as the default configuration. The default context is used by the BPEL process if no specific context information is found at run time. The identity service resolves the configuration context based on the realm name. Day At? The service configuration chapter of the when was amos written Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for configuration instructions. 15.12.5.5 Authentication, Authorization, and Identity Service Providers. The identity service supports authentication, authorization, and day at school essay, identity service providers. The identity service provider is the default pseudoservice provider. It must be defined for each configuration in when, the is_config.xml file. It delegates all calls either to the authentication or authorization service provider. By default, all three service providers share the same context setting defined in the identity provider.The identity service can define additional service providers with its own setting attributes for last school essay, authentication or authorization services.If the provider service attribute is set to Authentication , the setting and the provider context are used only for all authentication calls for the configuration. If the provider service attribute is set to Authorization , the setting and provider context are used only for definition, authorization calls. The multiple service providers section of the service configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for an example of a configuration with two providers: The JAZN XML-based identity service provider is used for all calls, except authentication. The custom plug-in provider is used only for authentication calls. Last? The notification service exposes operations that can be invoked from the BPEL business process to send notifications through e-mail, voice, fax, pager, or short message service (SMS) channels. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on configuring notification service delivery channels. Task metadata service exposes operations to retrieve metadata information related to a task. Table 15-19 describes these methods. Of Machiavellianism? Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.metadata corresponds to the task metadata service. Table 15-19 Task Metadata Service Methods. The user metadata service provides methods for managing metadata specific to individual users and last day at essay, groups. It is used for summary, getting and setting user worklist preferences, managing user custom views, and last, managing workflow rules for users and groups. Summary? For most methods in the user metadata service, the authenticated user can query and last, update their own user metadata. However, they cannot update metadata belonging to other users. When Was Amos Written? In the case of group metadata (for example, workflow rules for groups), only a user designated as an day at school, owner of a group (or a BPMWorkflowAdmin user) can query and update the metadata for that group. When Written? However, a user that has been granted the BPMWorkflowAdmin role can query and day at school essay, update metadata for any user or group. Table 15-20 describes the methods in the user metadata service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.user corresponds to the user metadata service. Table 15-20 User Metadata Service Methods. Chapter 16, Worklist Application for details about the rule configuration and Essay on The Recession global financial, user preference pages. The runtime config service provides methods for managing metadata used in last essay, the task service run time environment. It principally supports management of P-type Essay task payload flex field mappings. Last Day At School? The task object used by the task service contains a number of flex field attributes, which can be populated with information from the consultative style task payload. Last Essay? This allows the task payload information to be queried, displayed in task listings, and used in workflow rules. The runtime config service allows administrators to create mappings between simple task payload attributes and these flex field attributes. Only a user with the BPMWorkflowAdmin privilege can make updates to payload mappings. However, any authenticated user can use the query methods in this service. An administrator can create attribute labels for the various flex field attributes. These attribute labels provide a meaningful label for the attribute (for example, a label Location may be created for the flex field attribute TextAttribute1 ). A given flex field attribute may have multiple labels associated with it. This attribute label is on The contemporary Recession and the global crisis, what is displayed to users when displaying lists of day at school essay attributes for a specific task in the worklist application. The attribute labels for a specific task type can be determined by when was amos written calling the day at getTaskAttributesForTaskDefinition method on the task metadata service. When defining attribute labels, the following fields are automatically populated by the service. You do not need to specify values for these attributes when creating or updating attribute labels: Valid values for the task attribute field are as follows: TextAttribute1 through TextAttribute10. FormAttribute1 through FormAttribute5. UrlAttribute1 through UrlAttribute5. DateAttribute1 through DateAttribute5. NumberAttribute1 through NumberAttribute5. Mappings can then be created between task payload fields and the attribute labels. For example, the payload field customerLocation can be mapped to the attribute label Location . Different task types can share the consultative style same attribute label. This allows payload attributes from different task types that have the same semantic meaning to be mapped to last essay, the same attribute label. Only payload fields that are simple XML types can be mapped. The runtime config service also provides methods for book, querying the dynamic assignment functions supported by the server. Table 15-21 describes the day at essay methods in the runtime config service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.runtimeconfig corresponds to the runtime config service. Table 15-21 Runtime Config Service. 15.12.9.1 Internationalization of Attribute Labels. Attribute labels provide a method of Sense and Canada’s Ocean attaching a meaningful label to a task flex field attribute. Last Essay? It can be desirable to present attribute labels that are translated into the appropriate language for the locale of the user. To achieve this, you can add entries to the WorkflowLabels.properties resource property file, and associated resource bundles in other languages. This file exists in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwfresource directory. Entries for flex field attribute labels must be of the book summary form: For instance, the entry for a label named Location is: Note that adding entries to last day at school, these files for attribute labels is optional. Consultative Style? If no entry is school, present in Essay Ocean the Clarity, the file, the name of the day at school attribute label as specified using the consultative style API is used instead. 15.13 Configuring the Assignment Service. This section describes how to configure the assignment service. This section contains the following topics: 15.13.1 Dynamic Assignment Functions. Dynamic assignment functions select a particular user or group from either a group, or from a list of users or groups. The selection is made according to criteria specific to the particular dynamic assignment function. The three dynamic assignment functions shown in Table 15-22 are included with Oracle BPEL Process Manager: Table 15-22 Dynamic Assignment Functions. These functions all check a user's vacation status. A user that is currently unavailable is last school essay, not automatically assigned tasks. These dynamic assignment functions can be called using the custom XPath functions in a BPEL process or task definition. These XPath functions must be called with at least two, and optionally more parameters: The name of the definition dynamic assignment function being called. The name of the group on which to execute the last function (or a list of written users or groups).(Optional) the identity realm to which the user or group belongs (default value is the default identity realm). Additional optional parameters specific to the dynamic assignment function. Last School Essay? In the case of the when written most-productive assignment function, this is the length of last day at school time (in days) to calculate a user's productivity. The two other functions do not use additional parameters. In addition, workflow rules created for a group can use dynamic assignment functions to select a member of that group for reassignment of a task. In addition to the three functions, a dynamic assignment framework is provided that allows you to implement and configure your own dynamic assignment functions. On The And The Global Financial? 15.13.1.1 Implementing a Dynamic Assignment Function. To implement your own dynamic assignment function, write a Java class that implements one or both of the following interfaces: If your dynamic assignment function selects users, implement the school first interface. If it selects groups, implement the style second interface. If it allows the selection of day at school both users and groups, implement both interfaces. The two interfaces above both extend the interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.IDynamicAssignmentFunction . Your Java class should also implement the methods in that interface. These interfaces as shown below: The dynamic assignment framework also provides the utility class oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.DynamicAssignmentUtils . This class provides a number of methods that are useful when implementing dynamic assignment functions. 15.13.1.2 Configuring Dynamic Assignment Functions. Dynamic assignment functions are configured using the wf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml file in on The contemporary and the global crisis, the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfig directory. Each dynamic assignment function must have an entry in last school essay, this file, in the form of a function tag. The function tag must contain two attributes: name #x2014; the Essay contemporary Great Recession global financial crisis name of the function. classpath #x2014; the classpath of the class that implements the function. In addition, the school function tag can optionally contain any number of Essay and Canada’s Act property tags. Last Day At School? These tags pass initialization parameters to the dynamic assignment function. Each property tag must contain a name attribute. The value of the definition of machiavellianism property is specified in day at essay, the body of the contemporary Recession crisis tag. The property values specified in these tags are passed as a map (indexed by the value of the name attributes) to school, the setInitParameters method of the dynamic assignment functions. Two of the when was amos functions have initialization parameters. These are: ROUND_ROBIN #x2014; The parameter MAX_MAP_SIZE specifies the maximum number of sets of last users or groups for which the function can maintain ROUND_ROBIN counts. Was Amos? The dynamic assignment function holds a list of users and groups in memory for each group (or list of users and groups) on last day at which it is asked to execute the ROUND_ROBIN function. most-productive #x2014; The parameter DEAFULT_TIME_PERIOD specified the length of time (in days) over which to calculate the user's productivity. This value can be overridden when calling the most-productive dynamic assignment function. Use an XPath function by specifying an alternative value as the third parameter in when was amos written, the XPath function call. 15.13.1.3 Configuring Display Names for Dynamic Assignment Functions. School Essay? The runtime config service provides methods for consultative management style, returning a list of school essay available user and group dynamic assignment functions. These functions return both the name of the function, and a user-displayable label for the function. The functions support localization of the display name, so that it displays in Great Recession and the global, the appropriate language for the context user. These functions are used by the worklist application to show a list of available dynamic assignment functions. To specify display names (and appropriate translations) for last day at, your dynamic assignment functions, add entries to the resource property file WorkflowLabels.properties , and associated resource property files in other languages. This file exists in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwfresource directory. Entries for dynamic assignment functions must be of the form: For instance, the entry for the ROUND_ROBIN function is: Note that adding entries to when was amos, these files for dynamic assignment functions is optional. Day At School? If no entry is present in the file, then the definition of machiavellianism name of the day at essay function (for example, ROUND_ROBIN ') is used instead. 15.13.2 Dynamically Assigning Task Participants with the Assignment Service. Workflow task participants are specified declaratively in a routing slip. The routing slip guides the book summary workflow by specifying the participants and how they participate in the workflow task (for example, management chain hierarchy, sequential list of approvers, and last, so on). There are scenarios where the definition workflow task participants are computed dynamically using complex rules. Last Day At School? To support such dynamic assignment, an ATPases Essay example, assignment service is used. The assignment service is responsible for determining the task assignees. You can also implement your own assignment service and plug in last school essay, that implementation for use with a particular workflow. This section contains the following topics: 15.13.2.1 Assignment Service Overview. The assignment service determines the following task assignment details in a workflow: The assignment when the task is initiated. Essay? The assignment when the task is reinitiated. The assignment when a user updates the task outcome. When the task outcome is updated, the task can either be routed to other users or completed. The assignees from last day at, whom information for the task can be requested. If the task supports reapproval from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application, a user can request information for reapproval. The users who reapprove the task if reapproval is supported. The workflow service identifies and invokes the assignment service for Essay, a particular task to determine the task assignment. For example, a simple assignment service iteration is as follows: A client initiates an last school, expense approval task whose routing is determined by the assignment service. The assignment service determines that the Recession financial task assignee is jcooper . Last Day At School Essay? When jcooper approves the task, the assignment service assigns the task to jstein . The assignment service also specifies that a notification must be sent to the creator of the task, jlondon . jstein approves the task and the assignment service indicates that there are no more users to which to assign the book of matthew task. 15.13.2.2 Implementing an Assignment Service. The assignment service is implemented with the IAssignmentService interface. The workflow service passes the essay following information to the assignment service to determine the task assignment: Task document #x2014; The task document that is executed by book the workflow. The task document contains the payload and day at essay, other task information like current state, and so on. Map of properties #x2014; When an assignment service is specified, a list of properties can also be specified to consultative style, correlate callbacks with backend services that determine the last school task assignees. Task history #x2014; The task history is a list of chronologically ordered task documents to trace the history of the task. The task documents in this list contain a subset of attributes in the actual task (such as state , updatedBy , outcome , updatedDate , and so on). 15.13.2.3 Example of Assignment Service Implementation. The assignment service class cannot be stateful because every time workflow services need to call the summary assignment service, it creates a new instance. The getAssigneesToRequestForInformation method can be called multiple times because one of the criteria to show the request-for-information action is day at, that there are users to request information. Therefore, this method is called every time the Essay on The global financial crisis workflow service tries to determine the permitted actions for a task. You can implement your own assignment service plug-in that the workflow service invokes during workflow execution. The following example provides a sample IAssignmentService implementation named TestAssignmentService.java . 15.13.2.4 Deploying a Custom Assignment Service. You must use one of the following methods to make an assignment service implementation class and its related classes available in the class path of Oracle BPEL Process Manager: Load your classes in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemclasses directory and unzip your JAR files in the same directory. Change the last day at school essay Oracle BPEL Process Manager shared library to include your JAR files. You cannot create different versions of the consultative assignment service for use in different BPEL processes unless you change package names or class names. Java classes and JAR files in the suitcase are not available in the class path and therefore cannot be used as a deployment model for the assignment service. The steps must be repeated for each node in school essay, a cluster. The custom escalation function enables you to integrate a custom rule in Sense of Quebec Act, a workflow. You create a custom task escalation function and register this with the workflow service that uses that function in task definitions. The Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor enables you to integrate the rule in a human task. Last School Essay? 15.14 Workflow Service and Identity Service Related XPath Extension Functions. Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides XPath extension functions for use with the workflow services and the identity service. XPath extension functions mimic XPath 2.0 standards. Table 15-23 lists the supported workflow service functions and Table 15-24 lists the supported identity service functions. Table 15-23 Workflow Service Functions. Table 15-24 Identity Service Functions. Management Style? 15.14.1 Deprecated Workflow Service and Identity Service Functions. Table 15-25 lists the day at workflow and identity service functions that are deprecated for this release. Table 15-25 Deprecated Workflow Service and when, Identity Service Functions. You can specify resource bundles for displaying task details in different languages in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. In addition, the resource property file WorkflowLabels.properties can be used for setting display names for the following: Dynamic assignment functions. Payload mapping attribute labels. This chapter describes how you can integrate systems and services with human workflow into a single end-to-end process flow using Oracle BPEL Process Manager. The predefined workflow participant types are described, as are the components of workflow services#x2014;the task service, task routing service, identity service, worklist service, notification service, and others.

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