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Bertolt Brecht: The Epic Theorist Essay Sample. Bertolt Brecht was a poet, a playwright, and an influential leader of theatre in the 20th century. The Rise Of Architecture Essay. Berthold Brecht was born in East Germany in 1898. Essay. His first play, Baal, was written while Brecht was a medical student in Munich. His first success, Drums in the Night was written while serving as a medical orderly in World War I. It earned him Germanys highest award for dramatic writing, the Kleist Prize. That was the of Architecture Essay beginning of Brechts list of accomplishments and contributions to the world of Impulsive Romeo of Romeo, theater. Brechts largest contributions and achievements in theatre came with the The Rise creation of of man, Epic Theatre. Bertolt was a Marxist; he sought to make audiences evaluate the socioeconomic implications of what they saw in the theatre.

Making them want to alter the economic system and work to bring about changes(Brockett 117). His views disagreed with Aristotelian principle that the audience should suspend their disbelief during the performance. Brecht believed the theatre should not seek to make its audience believe in The Rise of Architecture Essay the presence of the characters on the stage, but should rather make the audience watch with critical detachment. He achieved that detachment with the use of a concept called Verfremdungseffekt or alienation effect. Brechts style of production was largely that of his alienation effect. In order to a vindication of the of man, create the necessary critical detachment, techniques were devised such as exposing the The Rise of Architecture theatrical means, having a barren set, setting the action in another time or place, and using captions or placards before or in between scenes.

Another way he sought his alienation was through the use of rejects treaty of versailles, disparity between various theatrical elements. Brecht also instructed his actors to never fully immerge themselves into their character, always making sure to be critically aware. Brecht explains, His feelings must not at bottom be those of the character, so that the audience#8217;s may not at bottom be those of the character either. The audience must have complete freedom#8221;(Brecht 17). In the The Rise same year he developed epic theatre (1928) he also worked with composer Kurt Weill and created the successful satirical ballad opera, The Threepenny Opera. He wrote most of his great plays during the a vindication rights years he was exiled and cut off from German theatre between 1938 and 1945. He collected his major theoretical essays and dialogues, and many of the poems as Svendborger Gedichte. During that time he wrote Mother Courage and Her Children, a play during the Thirty Year War; and The Good Woman of Setzuan, set in prewar China about a girl using a separate personality to help her with her problems. Finally, The Caucasian Chalk Circle, a story about struggles over custody of a child between the The Rise of Architecture Essay rich mother who abandoned it and rejects the servant girl who cares for The Rise Essay, it. Bertolt Brecht moved back to Berlin and created his own company called the Berliner Ensemble.

In 1955 he won the Stalin Peace Prize and died from wiesel, a heart attack the following year while working on The Rise of Architecture Essay a response to Samuel Becketts Waiting for Godot. Bertolt Brecht was a poet, a playwright, and an influential leader of theatre in the 20th century. Many theatrical conventions today derive from Brechts techniques. Brecht created Epic Theatre with the idea that the a vindication of the audience retains a critical detachment throughout. Of Architecture. The purpose of the theater thus was not to imitate life but to educate the audience(About 5). Brecht wrote that there was no more noble aim for any theater. #8220;About Epic Theatre.#8221; Mother Courage and essays Her Children Study Guide : About #8220;Epic Theater#8221; Grade Saver, n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2012. http://www.gradesaver.com/mother-courage-and-her-children/study-guide/section13/. #8220;Bertolt Brecht.#8221; Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956).

Theatre Database, n.d. The Rise Of Architecture Essay. Web. 02 Dec. 2012. http://www.theatredatabase.com/20th_century/bertolt_brecht_001.html. Brockett, Oscar G., and Robert J. Ball. #8220;Chapter 7: Modernism and It#8217;s Effect.#8221; The Essential Theatre. Tenth ed. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976.

177+. Print. Is this the Case Business: perfect essay for you? Save time and order Bertolt Brecht: The Epic Theorist. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Bertolt Brecht: The Epic Theorist. Brecht#8217;s Epic Theatre was a break from the The Rise of Architecture prevailing form of theatre what Brecht called Dramatic Theatre. Epic theatre was a clearly different type of Case Study in Global Communication Essay, theatre and Brecht sought#8230; On Thursday, November 7, I saw a performance of Baal, written by Bertolt Brecht and directed by Evan Parry.

The play was not an emotional play, but an intellectual play#8230;. A man for all seasons by Robert Bolt, The character of the The Rise of Architecture Essay common man seems to carry traits of disloyalty and selfishness when he appears in the play portraying different#8230; #8220;The Odyssey#8221; by and Juliet by William, Homer an Essay epic hero. In the book The Odyssey by Homer, the main character, Odysseus, is depicted as being similar an epic hero. There is a question, though, as to whether or not he#8230; Significance of Shamhat: #8220;The Epic of and Ill-Fated Romeo, Gilgamesh#8221; The role of women in The Epic of Gilgamesh is very important.

One particular issue that is demonstrated is the status of women in The Epic of of Architecture Essay, Gilgamesh. This is#8230; In this essay I am going to deal with the two epic texts called: #8220;The Epic of Gilgamesh#8221; and Homer#8217;s #8220;Odyssey#8221;. For both texts, I will discuss the cultural value#8230;

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Pharmacist Resume: Sample Complete Guide [+20 Examples] Writing an eye-catching, mind-blowing, job-giving pharmacist resume can be a real pill. You’ve given at The Rise Essay, least six years of your life to Case Communication, get your pharmacy degree. You’ve spent thousands of dollars on your education. You’ve also probably accumulated thousands of hours worrying about passing the web lab. And it all comes down to The Rise of Architecture Essay, a piece of paper, your pharmacy resume. What’s even crazier is Tramadol Drug Fact that no one has ever bothered to explain how to write a professional pharmacist resume. Stress no more my friend.

You can put away that clonazepam, we got you! Whether you’re fresh out of pharmacy school or you’re looking to shift from retail to The Rise, clinical pharmacy, this guide will show you: How to write the Airlines, perfect pharmacist resume to stand out. What’s the best format for a pharmacy resume. What pharmacy skills and keywords you should highlight to land that job. Here's a sample resume for a pharmacist made using our resume builder. Want to of Architecture, save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder . It’s fast and easy to use.

Plus, you'll get tips and right vs. wrong examples while writing your resume. In Global Global Communication. See +20 resume templates and The Rise of Architecture create your resume here . What’s the Best Format for a Pharmacist Resume? Google pharmacist resume samples and you end up with so many different types of resumes that you feel lost. They all look so different How do you even get started? How do you choose the best format for Impulsive and Ill-Fated Romeo Shakespeare a pharmacist resume to get ahead of your competition?

While working on this section, think about what you’ve accomplished, how you trained employees, how you’ve improved the workflow, how you built a strong network of healthcare professionals and much more. Because being a pharmacist is not as easy as it may look. Doctors count on you to carry out their prescriptions accurately and avoid any adverse drug interactions. The Rise Of Architecture. Patients rely on your expertise to understand their medications better and ensure their good health. And colleagues seek your support in ensuring the business runs smoothly. For these reasons, your pharmaceutical expertise is not the Study in Global Business: Global Problems, only thing companies will prioritize. They will look at a range of skills that will ensure you manage multiple tasks and responsibilities seamlessly and effectively. That’s why the reverse-chronological resume format is the perfect remedy for The Rise any pharmacist job seeker. It shows off your experience while highlighting your skills.

Make sure you quantify your achievements just like the pharmacist resume sample provided. Emphasizing your pharmacist skills is Drug Fact Essay also a great strategy for anyone looking to shift from of Architecture retail pharmacy to clinical pharmacy and a vindication of man vice-versa. If you’re a recent graduate with no experience working full-time, remember to include internships, externships and any clinical rotations you’ve completed. Pro Tip: Refrain from hiring a graphic designer to The Rise of Architecture Essay, give your pharmacist resume a makeover. Overly designed resumes will be illegible to the robot scanners. Essay. Plus, this is actually reported as being a turn-off by many in The Rise the pharmacy industry. Have a look at our guide for more details on why the combination resume format is the best option for you: “ 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] ” How to Write A Resume Summary or Resume Objective? It usually takes employers less than 6 seconds to rejects treaty of versailles, review your resume and of Architecture decide whether you should be shortlisted or not. No pressure!

This also means that you should spend some time on the first ? of your resume. Indeed, the Case Study in Global Business: Global Problems, best pharmacist resume is one that catches the eye of Essay, recruiters and encourages them to read it with as much attention as when you are reading your prescriptions. So should you use a pharmacist resume summary or a resume objective? If you’re an rejects treaty of versailles, aspiring pharmacist intern or writing a new graduate pharmacist resume, you should use a resume objective. So should anyone seeking a new industry change. Some feel that using a pharmacist resume objective is already passé, but do not dismiss its power just yet, especially if you’re entry-level. The Rise. It will help your profile get through the proper channels. Just keep in mind that you’re not writing a letter to Santa.

It’s all about what the recruiter wants! If you’re more experienced in your field, then you should write a creative pharmacist resume summary. You need to match your future employer’s “wish list” and write a summary that neatly ties in with the in Global Problems Essay, advertized skills. A pharmacist resume objective should be concise but targeted: Self-motivated pharmacy graduate with experience in community pharmacy and a talent for customer service. Of Architecture Essay. Seeking a full-time position to Case Business: Global Communication, leverage an extensive technical background and The Rise of Architecture strong medical counselling skills to provide exceptional health services to your customers.

Seeking a new challenging role where I can become a high-level professional. A pharmacist resume summary showcases skills and experience in one go: Experienced retail pharmacist with 8+ years growing revenue for CVS. Tramadol Drug Essay. Seeking to leverage leadership and The Rise customer expertise for a vindication of man Walgreens. Pharmacist with a real passion for healthcare and the ability to grow a pharmacy business. Pro Tip: The best pharmacy resumes are those reflecting the vocabulary of the The Rise of Architecture Essay, job advertisement. If you’re writing a hospital pharmacist resume, then your priority is to showcase your advisory skills with staff members. If you’re writing a retail pharmacist resume, then you need to refer to Drug, your business acumen and customer service skills. How to Describe Your Pharmacist Experience on a Resume? Showcasing your personal achievements when talking about your experience is hard.

Many pharmacists make the mistake of applying to jobs with a generic resume. But you know better. In fact, you deserve better. Everyone, whatever their role or profession, needs to follow rules and regulations. Does it mean you have to The Rise of Architecture, write it on your resume?

It’s a given requirement of being a pharmacist. Just like “being results-driven”, “hard-working” or a “team player”. Airlines. This can be applied to everyone and adds no value to your resume. Essay. Filler words are to recruiters what drug labels are to the mainstream: they don’t really mean anything. So skip those useless filler sentences cluttering your pharmacist resume. Instead, focus on the good stuff. Of Southwest. Keep it short, and sweet! With each job application, start with what the employer is really looking for. Then list your responsibilities and Essay the results you’ve achieved. Improved customer service and pharmacy efficiency, increasing customer retention by 15% Trained and supervised 10 pharmacy technicians, improving performance by 20% Improved pharmacy automation system, which reduced medication errors and a vindication rights of man increased time savings.

Complied with laws and rules regulating pharmacy practices Interacted and worked with other physicians to maintain a professional work environment Maintained accurate patient records and gave appropriate directions of use. Can you see the difference? Responsibilities are common to every pharmacist out Essay there. Most people stick to cookie cutter job descriptions in on night their pharmacy resumes. You need results to set you apart from the competition. You’re truly adding value when you’re doing things like: Making operations faster Improving service Increasing revenue Making more savings.

Let’s dissect this example from a pharmacist’s resume: Improved customer service and pharmacy efficiency, increasing customer retention by 15% This shows that you can add value by being: business-conscious beneficial to the pharmacy customer oriented. No pharmacy will turn down a few extra bucks. Trained and The Rise supervised 10 pharmacy technicians, improving performance by 20% This highlights your leadership skills. When things get busy in a pharmacy, employers need leadership figures to keep things moving. Improved pharmacy automation system, which reduced medication errors and increased time savings.

The second part of this sentence is on Analysis Airlines where the genius is. Never assume that your potential employer will immediately see your super powers. You’re not on Nuvigil after all! So make sure you highlight them and that you’re never under-selling yourself. If you’re looking to The Rise Essay, transition from Airlines retail to clinical pharmacy, you’ve probably realized that it’s quite a challenge.

The transition starts with your resume . No surprise resumes for pharmacy jobs aren’t all the same. A retail-centered resume won’t lead you anywhere near that hospital for an interview. Instead of focusing on how many sales you performed, highlight your ability to assess patient profiles for proper dosing. If you’ve only recently left school, focus on your clinical rotations. Interpreting laboratory charts, or experience dosing Coumadin or Vancomycin, will help you get your recruiter’s attention. Add clinically relevant skills. Take any clinical certifications such as the ones in diabetes management, sepsis treatment or pneumonia treatment.

The MTM certification is becoming more popular among pharmacists and The Rise you should consider acquiring it. On Night By Elie. Leverage your thirst for clinical knowledge to make up for your retail background. Be flexible . Maybe you’ll need to start with a PRN position while working full-time at a pharmacy. Many PRN positions transition to full-time. Even if it doesn’t, it gives you a more attractive clinical background for your future job search. Pro Tip: Don’t leave out your ward rounds, especially if you’re starting out! Many aspiring pharmacists make that mistake, and miss out on the chance to showcase their achievements. Want to make your pharmacist resume experience section even better? Consider adding action words.

Read our guide to find out how to use the best action words to of Architecture Essay, write a pharmacist resume: “ +80 Examples of Resume Action Words For Every Profession ” Is Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. Completing a degree in Impulsive and Ill-Fated Romeo of Romeo Pharmacy is necessary. The Rise Of Architecture Essay. Continuing education is essays by elie wiesel also required for you to The Rise of Architecture Essay, be able to renew your license to practice. One of the key takeaways from this guide is to understand and emphasize your own assets and skills.

If you’re an experienced pharmacist, you will want to highlight your skills and vast industry knowledge. If you’re a new pharmacy graduate or have just completed a residency, your resume should focus on Study in Global Business: Global, your education. This is an interview-landing strategy. In fact, if you’re still a pharmacy student or looking into how to The Rise of Architecture Essay, write a resume for Essay on Analysis Airlines a pharmacist fresher, then you should consider putting your education section at of Architecture Essay, the top of your aspiring pharmacist resume. Either way, you should include:

The type of on Analysis, degree you received. Your major/minor. The name of your school. The school’s location. The year you graduated. Recruiters won’t care about of Architecture Essay, where you went to high-school. Whether or where you did your pre-pharmacy is on night wiesel another story. In addition, if you went to The Rise, a selective school, you might want to essays by elie wiesel, lead with that. Experienced job hunters can simply list their school, degree, and dates.

If you’re applying for an entry-level pharmacy job, then you should give details that match your job description. If you’ve taken any other relevant coursework outside of pharmacy (eg. The Rise Essay. Business) then you should highlight it. John Hopkins University, Department of Pharmacy, Maryland. Relevant Coursework: Pharmacology, Pharmacy Law, Pharmacy Technology, Introduction to Accounting Selected to assist in corporate-sponsored pharmaceutical study, performing laboratory work Led a fundraiser for John Hopkins Children’s Hospital. Pro Tip: GPA is optional. You should only by elie wiesel add it if you graduated within the last three years and if it was above a 3.0 (above a 3.5, ideally!) Otherwise, most hiring managers won’t really care. How to Put Pharmacist Skills on a Resume. Your skills section is considered the clincher. If it fails to match your employer’s requirements and needs, then sadly, your pharmacist resume will be terminated.

Your schooling and experience are great, but now is the time to show how you used them. So before taking any further step in writing the The Rise of Architecture, best pharmacy resume out there, you should take a few minutes to brainstorm your skills. Good examples of Sheet, pharmacist resume skills vary depending on the job description and the field. You can divide your skills for a pharmacist resume into: Job-related Technical Skills or Specialties Computer Skills Administrative Skills People Skills.

Computer skills and The Rise technical skills are not exactly the Drug Fact Sheet, same thing. Many hospitals and of Architecture pharmacies are switching to digital records only, and being familiar with certain software and systems (such as PharmaSys) will give you an advantage. Below is a list of pharmacy resume sample skills that you should include in regard to your speciality: Endurance to working long hours, often standing up Solid multitasking skills Strong ability to Romeo of Romeo Shakespeare, communicate clearly and effectively. Ability to balance research teaching responsibilities with patient care Ability to serve as a role model for pharmacy students and residents. Comfortable working in The Rise a multidisciplinary environment Ability to on night by elie wiesel, integrate patient care with teaching research duties. Strong ability working as part of a multidisciplinary healthcare team Effective communication skills Strong record-keeping and documentation skills Flexible with hours and on-call.

Organizational skills (to be responsible for systems which control drug distribution) Proficient in of Architecture Essay Math Strong communication skills. Ability to meet technical demands and Study in Global Global perform scientific duties Administrative, management, and/or business skills may be useful Sales and/or marketing skills should be included Excellent communication skills. Ability to handle a lot of responsibility early in your career Proficiency in another language is helpful Desire for The Rise foreign travel and frequent moves Desire to work in and out of and Juliet by William, a hospital setting. Proficient in handling radioactive materials Ability to describe literature regarding radiopharmaceuticals to hospital and Essay lab staff. Caution and senate treaty of versailles sensitivity to work in an area where experimental drug therapies are frequently used Ability to recognize the balance between improved survival and quality of life. Strong oral and written communications skills Strong investigative and problem-solving skills. This list is far from exhaustive. It should act as a roadmap to help you enumerate the right skills that are needed in your field. Your next step is to of Architecture, put that in your pharmacist resume.

How to describe strong pharmacist skills: Strong leadership skills (reduced client complaints by essays 50% by mentoring staff) Leadership and of Architecture interpersonal skills. Exceptional Verbal and Written Communication Skills (asked to represent the pharmacy at various conferences) Proficient at Customer Retention (increased by 5% which led to a 25% profit increase) Proficient in PharmaSys, EMR and Essay Meditech (reduced and addressed errors) PharmaSys, EMR, Meditech.

Pro Tip: Visit LinkedIn to check out the competition and for some extra inspiration. Why would you snoop on other professionals? Researching other pharmacists’ strengths will let you know what skills are valued in The Rise of Architecture your industry. How to Add Other Sections for Romeo of Romeo by William an Effective Resume. The medical field is an of Architecture Essay, ever-advancing industry and Drug Fact Essay companies are always looking for The Rise Essay employees up-to-date with the recent changes in pharmacy.

Other than acquiring the right licences to practice, you have to be able to Case Essay, showcase a few certifications to wow your recruiter or show your expertise in Essay a certain specialty. If you have an impressive list of certifications, then consider adding a separate section in senate treaty of versailles your pharmacist resume. Otherwise, add certifications to your “education” section. If you’re looking to get a job in a very specialized field in pharmacy, such as nuclear pharmacy, then adding your certification is not only an edge over other applicants, but is considered mandatory. Sample nuclear pharmacist resume certification entries: Authorized User of Radio Pharmaceuticals, University of Saint-Louis, Nuclear Regulatory Committee, 2017 Authorized Radiation Safety Officer, The American Board of The Rise of Architecture Essay, Health Physics, 2016. Never assume that your reader knows all industry jargon, so don’t rely on acronyms only. In some cases, it’s even better if you write down the entire certification name and the acronym.

This way, the Application Tracking System (ATS) software can pick up your profile. Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Certified Occupational Health Nurse (COHN) Also, remember that the best pharmacist resume describes certifications as follow: The Certifying Organization The Certificate’s Expiration Date: You can put the date that you acquired the certificate if there is it does not expire. The Certification Number (where appropriate) It’s impossible to list all the pharmacy certifications. You can find some of them here: The Pennsylvania Pharmacists Association : lists all the of the of man, advanced certificates for pharmacists by specialty The Board of The Rise, Pharmacy Specialties: provides documentation, exam content and info on senate rejects treaty of versailles, eligibility requirements for The Rise of Architecture 8 pharmacy certifications. Pro Tip: Don’t forget to mention any relevant seminars or trainings you have attended, as well as any certificates you obtained that show your interest in and Ill-Fated of Romeo and Juliet improving your personal development. The Rise. If you don’t have that many, consider completing some online. Here's the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters.

It’s a common mistake to think that your pharmacist resume will do the job on its own. Cover letters are to of Southwest Airlines, a resume what a spoon is to syrup. Of course you can take it without using one, but it’s so much nicer and The Rise effective when you do. Again, don’t hesitate to snoop around online and on LinkedIn to find out who’s going to read your pharmacist job application. Addressing them with their name feels personal and senate rejects gives an impression of extra attention given to Essay, the position available. You can also find out Romeo by William more details online or pay a visit to the practice or pharmacy. Mention it in your cover letter for The Rise some extra brownie points from the recruiter. Pro Tip: Don’t regurgitate your resume. The cover letter is your chance to have a personal discussion with your recruiter. It’s also your opportunity to give details that you weren’t able to squeeze into your pharmacist resume.

So tell the story of senate treaty of versailles, why you’re a perfect fit for the company. When you write your pharmacist resume, apply the same level of Essay, meticulousness required at a pharmacy. Just like in real life, you’ll be able to impress and get approval. Define and emphasize your greatest assets. If you’re an experienced pharmacist, your experience is your key to Impulsive and Ill-Fated of Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, a new job.

If you’re a recent graduate, your education is probably your greatest achievement. Keep it relevant. The Rise Of Architecture. Your pharmacist resume should target the field you’re interested in. On Night By Elie. If you’re applying to a hospital pharmacist position, include as much clinical pharmacy experience as you can, and The Rise of Architecture cut back on anything else. Tramadol Drug Fact Sheet. Don’t distract them with irrelevant experience. Add skills. The Rise. Your pharmacist resume won’t be as powerful without it. Quantify your results and experience. Do your research and browse job boards to get an idea of what will make you shine.

Do you have any questions on rejects treaty, how to make a pharmacist resume? Get in touch in the comments section! Chaymae is an entrepreneur, founder of three businesses in marketing, education and The Rise Essay food service. She writes about careers, millennials and the future of work for publications such as Forbes and of Southwest The World Economic Forum#039;s Agenda. Through her website, she provides career advice and shares tips and tutorials on of Architecture, how to start and on Analysis Airlines grow a business.

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William Shakespeare essays for beginners. Reading Shakespeare is difficult, if not to tell about comprehending and The Rise of Architecture Essay analyzing it. This is a rather frustrating experience for students, who attend literature classes. The point is, works written by Shakespeare are beautiful, of course, but they are created in by elie wiesel, such a manner, that even native speakers of English language face difficulties with realizing the meaning of certain phrases that the author uses in his works. Coping with this deal requires lots of experience and making of significant efforts together with spending much time and patience. As long as we understand how hard it may be for students, who are overwhelmed with numerous assignments, we created a service that helps them deal with writing papers for various subjects, including Shakespeare. Below, you will find helpful information and tips in regard to this matter.

You have probably realized already that this is a confusing and tough deal to read the plays written by Shakespeare. However, if you take into consideration some guidelines and The Rise follow them thoroughly, you will be prepared and equipped to deal with this sort of literature. Besides, if to get acquainted with creative work of this outstanding English writer, you will have an opportunity to make a remarkable impression on people you meet by using appropriate citations. Therefore, read the Study in Global Business: Global Communication Problems Essay, following information in order to be able to understand Shakespeare and write a William Shakespeare essay . Pick up a good play. Shakespeare has written a number of significant plays, although we suggest selecting the shortest one, so you could analyze it more precisely. The Rise Essay? Also, consider choosing a play that enlightens issues that you are personally interested in. Pay attention to the edition that you choose. It has to be a good edition providing certain piece of literature without mistakes and gaps and essays on night by elie wiesel including explanation of difficult phrases, giving essential notes and so on. The Rise Of Architecture Essay? Look for a synopsis. At first sight, it seems to be not important at all, but in fact, it is helpful for comprehending the play. Essay On Analysis Airlines? As a rule, a synopsis is written in the beginning of every scene.

It's purpose is to give you, the reader, enough of information. This information will help you understand better the play. Practice reading the of Architecture Essay, piece of writing out a vindication of the, loud. Sometimes things become clear when you pronounce them out loud. More than that, the plays of Shakespeare are all written and meant to The Rise Essay, be performed. That is why you need to pretend like you are an actor and take part in a performance in Essay on Analysis of Southwest, order to get the meaning and moral of that or another play. Find out when and The Rise where the plays of Shakespeare are performed and attend the play. And Ill-Fated Of Romeo By William Shakespeare? However, you can watch the film adaptation of a certain play, although it will never be that good as the performance in a theatre is. This is helpful for your visualization and getting involved into the plot of the play.

Consider reading a special book providing the works of Shakespeare with translation into contemporary and more understandable language. Keep in mind, however, that this will take away your opportunity to get acquainted with the real art of The Rise Essay Shakespeare writing. How to get pleasure from reading Shakespeare. Not only reading and understanding of the literature written by Shakespeare is important, but also the ability to get pleasure from the very process of doing it. This is a kind of art, which requires to be learned and practiced. Try to look at a vindication of the Shakespeare's works as at the source of of Architecture inspiration, as a portal to another era. In order to enjoy his writings, you need to and Ill-Fated Romeo of Romeo and Juliet Shakespeare, do the following: Find out and realize the differences between genres of literature, such as romance, comedy, tragedy and of course, history.

This will help you get ready for the reading and let you know what to expect from it. Learn the specificities of the culture of England at that age. The world today differs obviously, from the world that people lived in hundreds of years ago. If you get acquainted with its history, traditions and culture, you will find it easier to understand the literature of that period of The Rise of Architecture time. Use a dictionary as you read. Never ignore words the meaning of essays on night which is not familiar to you. This will only The Rise of Architecture, get you confused and Essay on Analysis of Southwest frustrated. Instead, write down all the words that seem new to The Rise of Architecture Essay, you and Essay on Analysis of Southwest learn their meaning with the help of dictionary. Even if you cannot get what you are reading about, keep reading and stay focused on of Architecture, the plot. Struggling with the plays of Shakespeare is a common occurance and Impulsive of Romeo you are not the only one who deals with it. Don't give up and keep reading anyway.

Join a club where the The Rise Essay, fans or William Shakespeare's works get together. Tramadol Essay? Communication with other people and getting involved into particular discussions will help you learn new important issues and understand a lot. Besides, if you are writing an essay William Shakespeare , you can always ask curious questions people who are experts in the area of Shakespeare literature. They will readily explain you everything that you need and even give you a piece of good advice. Additionally, you can ask them for some good and interesting William Shakespeare essay topics . Remember that apart from all the mentioned above methods to deal with paper on Shakespeare, you can also turn to our help. We will provide you with great Shakespeare essay topics and necessary assistance. Help with a thesis theme . Provide the best paper writing service . Write a remarkable dissertation conclusion . Help with writing an apa essay . Support with writing an effective cover letter . Reading Shakespeare is difficult, if not to tell about comprehending and analyzing it. This is a rather frustrating experience for students, who attend literature classes. The point is, works written by Shakespeare are beautiful, of course, but they are created in of Architecture Essay, such a manner, that even native speakers of English language face difficulties with realizing the meaning of certain phrases that the author uses in his works.

Coping with this deal requires lots of experience and making of significant efforts together with spending much time and patience. Of The? As long as we understand how hard it may be for The Rise, students, who are overwhelmed with numerous assignments, we created a service that helps them deal with writing papers for various subjects, including Shakespeare. Below, you will find helpful information and tips in regard to this matter. You have probably realized already that this is a confusing and tough deal to read the and Ill-Fated Romeo of Romeo, plays written by Shakespeare. However, if you take into The Rise Essay consideration some guidelines and follow them thoroughly, you will be prepared and Essay of Southwest equipped to deal with this sort of The Rise of Architecture literature. Besides, if to get acquainted with creative work of this outstanding English writer, you will have an opportunity to in Global Business: Global Communication Problems, make a remarkable impression on people you meet by using appropriate citations.

Therefore, read the following information in order to be able to understand Shakespeare and write a William Shakespeare essay . Pick up a good play. Shakespeare has written a number of significant plays, although we suggest selecting the shortest one, so you could analyze it more precisely. Also, consider choosing a play that enlightens issues that you are personally interested in. Pay attention to the edition that you choose. It has to be a good edition providing certain piece of literature without mistakes and gaps and including explanation of The Rise Essay difficult phrases, giving essential notes and so on. Impulsive Romeo Shakespeare? Look for a synopsis. At first sight, it seems to be not important at all, but in fact, it is helpful for comprehending the play. As a rule, a synopsis is written in the beginning of every scene.

It's purpose is to give you, the reader, enough of The Rise of Architecture Essay information. This information will help you understand better the play. Practice reading the piece of writing out loud. Sometimes things become clear when you pronounce them out loud. More than that, the essays on night by elie, plays of Shakespeare are all written and meant to be performed. That is why you need to pretend like you are an actor and take part in a performance in order to get the meaning and moral of that or another play.

Find out The Rise of Architecture Essay, when and on night wiesel where the plays of Shakespeare are performed and attend the The Rise, play. However, you can watch the film adaptation of Case Study Problems Essay a certain play, although it will never be that good as the performance in a theatre is. This is The Rise of Architecture helpful for your visualization and getting involved into the plot of the play. Consider reading a special book providing the works of Shakespeare with translation into contemporary and more understandable language. Keep in mind, however, that this will take away your opportunity to Sheet, get acquainted with the real art of The Rise of Architecture Essay Shakespeare writing. How to get pleasure from reading Shakespeare.

Not only reading and understanding of the literature written by Shakespeare is on Analysis important, but also the ability to get pleasure from the very process of doing it. This is a kind of art, which requires to be learned and practiced. Try to look at Shakespeare's works as at the source of inspiration, as a portal to another era. In order to enjoy his writings, you need to do the following: Find out and realize the differences between genres of literature, such as romance, comedy, tragedy and of course, history.

This will help you get ready for the reading and let you know what to expect from it. Learn the specificities of the culture of England at The Rise of Architecture that age. The world today differs obviously, from the world that people lived in hundreds of years ago. Essays On Night By Elie? If you get acquainted with its history, traditions and culture, you will find it easier to understand the literature of that period of time. Use a dictionary as you read.

Never ignore words the meaning of of Architecture which is not familiar to you. This will only Romeo Shakespeare, get you confused and frustrated. Instead, write down all the words that seem new to you and learn their meaning with the help of dictionary. Essay? Even if you cannot get what you are reading about, keep reading and stay focused on the plot. Struggling with the plays of Global Communication Essay Shakespeare is a common occurance and you are not the only one who deals with it. Don't give up and The Rise of Architecture keep reading anyway.

Join a club where the fans or William Shakespeare's works get together. Communication with other people and getting involved into particular discussions will help you learn new important issues and understand a lot. On Analysis Of Southwest? Besides, if you are writing an essay William Shakespeare , you can always ask curious questions people who are experts in the area of Shakespeare literature. They will readily explain you everything that you need and even give you a piece of good advice. Essay? Additionally, you can ask them for some good and interesting William Shakespeare essay topics . Remember that apart from all the mentioned above methods to deal with paper on Shakespeare, you can also turn to our help. We will provide you with great Shakespeare essay topics and necessary assistance. Help with a thesis theme . Provide the Fact, best paper writing service . Write a remarkable dissertation conclusion . Help with writing an apa essay . Support with writing an effective cover letter . Reading Shakespeare is of Architecture difficult, if not to tell about comprehending and analyzing it. This is a rather frustrating experience for students, who attend literature classes. The point is, works written by Shakespeare are beautiful, of course, but they are created in such a manner, that even native speakers of English language face difficulties with realizing the meaning of certain phrases that the author uses in his works.

Coping with this deal requires lots of experience and making of significant efforts together with spending much time and patience. As long as we understand how hard it may be for students, who are overwhelmed with numerous assignments, we created a service that helps them deal with writing papers for various subjects, including Shakespeare. Essay On Analysis? Below, you will find helpful information and tips in regard to this matter. You have probably realized already that this is of Architecture a confusing and tough deal to read the plays written by Shakespeare. However, if you take into consideration some guidelines and follow them thoroughly, you will be prepared and equipped to deal with this sort of literature. Besides, if to get acquainted with creative work of this outstanding English writer, you will have an opportunity to make a remarkable impression on rights, people you meet by using appropriate citations.

Therefore, read the following information in order to be able to understand Shakespeare and write a William Shakespeare essay . Pick up a good play. Shakespeare has written a number of significant plays, although we suggest selecting the shortest one, so you could analyze it more precisely. Of Architecture? Also, consider choosing a play that enlightens issues that you are personally interested in. Pay attention to the edition that you choose. It has to be a good edition providing certain piece of literature without mistakes and gaps and of the rights of man including explanation of difficult phrases, giving essential notes and so on. The Rise Of Architecture? Look for a synopsis.

At first sight, it seems to be not important at all, but in fact, it is helpful for comprehending the play. As a rule, a synopsis is written in the beginning of every scene. It's purpose is to a vindication, give you, the reader, enough of information. The Rise? This information will help you understand better the play. Practice reading the piece of writing out loud. Sometimes things become clear when you pronounce them out Essay, loud. More than that, the plays of Shakespeare are all written and meant to be performed. That is why you need to pretend like you are an actor and take part in a performance in order to get the meaning and Essay moral of that or another play. Find out when and where the plays of Shakespeare are performed and attend the play.

However, you can watch the film adaptation of a certain play, although it will never be that good as the performance in a theatre is. This is helpful for your visualization and Impulsive and Ill-Fated of Romeo by William Shakespeare getting involved into the plot of the play. Of Architecture Essay? Consider reading a special book providing the works of Shakespeare with translation into Impulsive Romeo of Romeo by William Shakespeare contemporary and The Rise of Architecture more understandable language. Keep in mind, however, that this will take away your opportunity to get acquainted with the real art of Shakespeare writing. How to get pleasure from reading Shakespeare. Not only reading and understanding of the Fact Sheet, literature written by Shakespeare is important, but also the ability to get pleasure from the very process of doing it. The Rise? This is a kind of art, which requires to be learned and a vindication practiced. Try to look at of Architecture Shakespeare's works as at the source of inspiration, as a portal to another era. In order to enjoy his writings, you need to do the following: Find out and a vindication of the of man realize the differences between genres of literature, such as romance, comedy, tragedy and of course, history. This will help you get ready for the reading and of Architecture let you know what to expect from Sheet Essay it.

Learn the specificities of the of Architecture Essay, culture of England at that age. The world today differs obviously, from the world that people lived in hundreds of years ago. If you get acquainted with its history, traditions and culture, you will find it easier to understand the of the, literature of that period of The Rise of Architecture time. And Ill-Fated And Juliet? Use a dictionary as you read. Never ignore words the meaning of The Rise of Architecture which is not familiar to you. This will only in Global Business: Communication Problems, get you confused and frustrated. Instead, write down all the words that seem new to you and learn their meaning with the help of dictionary. Even if you cannot get what you are reading about, keep reading and stay focused on the plot. Struggling with the of Architecture Essay, plays of Shakespeare is a common occurance and you are not the only one who deals with it.

Don't give up and keep reading anyway. Join a club where the fans or William Shakespeare's works get together. Communication with other people and getting involved into essays by elie wiesel particular discussions will help you learn new important issues and understand a lot. Besides, if you are writing an The Rise Essay, essay William Shakespeare , you can always ask curious questions people who are experts in the area of Shakespeare literature. They will readily explain you everything that you need and even give you a piece of good advice.

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930 Words Sample Essay on Essay Habits (free to read) Habits are either good or bad. Even good habits, if given free play, may turn into bad ones. For example, reading is essays wiesel a good habit. It helps in acquiring knowledge, in meaningful use of leisure time and healthy entertainment. But excess of reading books, magazines etc., is harmful. It would soon tell upon one#8217;s health, resources, mental fitness and capacity to earn. Balance is the golden rule. That is why it is said, #8220;Excess of everything is Essay bad#8221; nothing too much, not even good things and habits. Senate Of Versailles? It is easy to acquire bad and evil habits but not so, easy to cultivate and acquire good ones.

Habits once acquired are difficult to get rid of. As a leopard cannot change its spots so one cannot change ones habits. They die hard. They become part and parcel of one#8217;s nature and behaviour. Bad habits render a person useless an undesirable. Telling lies, back biting, spitting here and there, smoking, or taking alcohol frequently and repeatedly are some of the bad habits. They can be as many as there are persons. Like a name, a habit sticks fast till the death. Habits can make or mar our fortunes. They actually form the foundation of our character and destiny. That is why it is The Rise of Architecture said, #8220;Sow an act and you reap a habit.

S6w a habit and you reap a character. Sow a character and Case Study in Global Business: Global Communication you reap a destiny#8221;. They are the very cornerstones of our character and destiny. We are the makers or destroyers of our destiny. Because we cultivate, practice and The Rise acquire good or bad habits and their fruits accordingly. One may have a bad habit of flattering others or of making false promises.

Similarly, one may have a bad habit if stealing things. One habit leads to another, and then there is on Analysis Airlines a sort of chain of habits to from which an escape is impossible, particularly in advanced age. The Rise Of Architecture? Image Source : creatingwithin.com. Anything done often and repeatedly becomes a habit the force of habit is by William very powerful. It makes the particular habit easy, automatic and repetitive. Habits have their origin in repetition, practice and regularity. The more we repeat and practice anything, the easier, permanent and automatic it becomes. It we do not practice and repeat a habit we feel uneasy and uncomfortable.

Take for example, the habit of taking tea. The Rise? There are people who consume 20 or more cups of tea daily. They may do without food, newspapers or rest, but cannot dispense with hot cups of tea taken almost every hour of the day. They will feel sick, lethargic, bored and useless without enjoying their cups of tea. Same is the case with smokers or drunkards. Habits are too forceful to be avoided. It is the constant and repeated use and practice that gives birth to a habit. Without constant and Essay repeated use and frequency there cannot be any habit. Anything done or practiced occasionally cannot be called a habit.

Habits are another name of addiction. Of Architecture? Early and formative years of senate rejects of versailles, childhood are very important in this respect. Then it is very easy to The Rise Essay, have new impressions and rights of man influences. It is the The Rise of Architecture Essay proper time to cultivate good habits. There are many forces and factors that pay an important role in the formation of habits. Early education, impressions, influences, company, associations etc, are some of the major factors in the formation of habits. On Night Wiesel? Slowly antic gradually they get ingrained in our nature. The Rise Of Architecture Essay? Man is also an imitative being. He likes to imitate others.

Imitation also helps much in the formation of habits, bad as well as good. Things done and practiced by elders, parents, relations, neighbors, friends, leaders, popular actors etc help them in their formation. For example, a boy who sees his father smoking is very likely to have this evil habit. Essay? The boy may imagine that there must be some joy, excitement and thrill in the habit that is why his father indulged in it. One day he may try it stealthily as smoking material is easily available in the home. Gradually he may become a habitual smoker and spread it among his friends and associates.

Curiosity, boredom, idleness, routine life also helps in formation of habits. The Rise Of Architecture Essay? It is said that an entry mind is a devil#8217;s workshop. An idle person is apt to develop bad habits like playing cards, gambling, stealing, drug-addiction etc. Bad company and association often lead innocent boy#8217;s mad girls#8217; into the vicious habits. A drug-addict-may offers a drug, free of cost, to his friend at by elie, first and thereby helps him form a bad habit of taking drugs. One requires a lot of money to satisfy evil habits like drinking, smoking, drug-addiction etc. They may ultimately lead a person to stealing, lying, borrowing and even worse actions. Man can be said to be a bundle of habits.

They may be good or bad. There cannot be a person wholly good or wholly evil. Of Architecture Essay? Speaking truth, frankness, honesty, service to others, cleanliness, reading good books etc., are some of the good habits. Impulsive And Ill-Fated Of Romeo And Juliet? They must be encouraged and helped among the young men and women. Of Architecture? Good habits should be appreciated, encouraged and rewarded, #8220;Example is better than precept#8221;. Senate Treaty? We should always put examples of good and meaningful habits before the children and of Architecture Essay young men and essays women.

We must create an atmosphere where good habits are always infectious. Therefore, we should always be alert and watchful in formation of habits. Bad habits should be nipped in the bud and good ones should be tried and of Architecture Essay practiced again and again, for they would die and perish for want of these. Welcome to rejects treaty of versailles, Shareyouressays.com! Our mission is to provide an online platform to of Architecture Essay, help students to senate treaty of versailles, discuss anything and everything about Essay.

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Energy, ecology, and economics revisited. We must understand the concept of net energy in order to see the underlying energetic basis for society. Yet net energy is often misunderstood, typically through optimistic measures of valuation that do not address the hidden inputs. Perhaps HT Odums clearest, simplest, most understandable paper on of Architecture Essay, the topic was written 40 years ago, in a special issue of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Energy in essays on night by elie, Society issue of Ambio (1973). The Rise Of Architecture Essay! The article was republished in Mother Earth News, still available online through Minnesotans for Sustainability. The paper remains as relevant and fundamental to the arguments for net energy today as it did 40 years ago. Each time I read the paper, I find new meaning from it.

Perhaps it is time to revisit the principles quoted below from the paper, to a vindication of the rights of man update the terms and give modern examples of the interrelationships between the 3Es of energy, ecology, and economics. Some of the terminology and accounting methods have been refined over of Architecture time, but the general principles remain unchangedprinciples that are essential to Study Global Essay the energy dialogue. 1. The true value of energy to of Architecture society is the net energy, which is whats left after the energy costs of getting and by elie, concentrating that energy are subtracted. All processes in the world involve energy, materials, and information. Materials are transformed through energy, which drives the process of creating every good, service, and environmental process.

Information guides the process of transformation. Energy has different qualities, so a calorie of one form of energy is not the same in quality as a calorie of of Architecture Essay, another form, as certain forms of energy are not substitutable, depending on Essay Airlines, the situation. A calorie of sunlight may not be substituted for a calorie of oil or of food. In order to of Architecture compare apples and oranges, we need to create a common denominator. So all processes can be assessed or valued on a common basis using a lowest-common-denominator unit of solar energythe seJ (solar emjoules). The science of Emergy accounting places values on the energy, information, and materials in the processes, allowing us to choose more efficient policies.

Emergy is defined as the available energy of one kind that is used up in transformations directly and indirectly to make a product or service. Real wealth, then, can be measured as the emergy memory that exists in human goods and services, and in non-human environmental goods and services. Odums updated term for of the rights of man, net energy is net emergy or net empower. The true cost of a process to society is the net emergy, which is the emergy delivered after the emergy costs of getting and concentrating that energy are subtracted. Net emergy contribution of any process within the economy including energy production can be calculated using an The Rise Essay Emergy Yield Ratio, which is the net energy yield of a process expressed in emergy, divided by the purchased goods and services, which are also expressed in emergy. The EYR includes the contributions for renewable and non-renewable sources, and inputs such as human labor/services and environmental contributions, using a quality correction factor for energies of different qualities. Net emergy is an rejects of versailles essential concept in the science of descent, during a period of waning energy availability. Brown, Cohen, Sweeney, 2009.

2. Worldwide inflation is driven in part by the increasing fraction of of Architecture Essay, our fossil fuels that have to be used in getting more fossil and Fact Sheet Essay, other fuels. An updated explanation of this phenomenon can be found in Energy Basis for Man and Nature (Odum Odum, 1976, pp. 49-59), as summarized by of Architecture Hanson, The buying power of money is the amount of real goods and in Global Communication Essay, services that it can buy. If the amount a dollar can buy diminishes, this is called inflation. The Rise Essay! Inflation can be caused by increasing the amount of money circulating without increasing the amount of energy flowing and of the of man, doing work, for example, when more money is printed. The Rise Of Architecture! It can also occur when the Tramadol Sheet Essay, money supply is constant but less work is The Rise Essay done, for example, because energy becomes scarce. As long as there is unused fuel energy to be tapped, increasing the money supply can increase the flow of Impulsive and Juliet by William Shakespeare, energy through the system, causing growth as well as some inflation. And in the current era of The Rise, declining energy availability and expanding money supply and debt, the Fact Sheet Essay, degree of inflation relative to Emergy is particularly egregious. The Rise! The graph below illustrates the calculated steady decline of Emergy per dollar value of gross world product since 1970, demonstrating a loss in value of about 33%. Brown Ulgiati 2011 http://www.mendeley.com/research/understanding-global-economic-crisis-biophysical-perspective/

3. Many calculations of energy reserves which are supposed to offer years of supply are as gross energy rather than net energy and thus may be of essays on night by elie, much shorter duration than often stated. Because the emergy valuation method is notable for including human labor and environmental goods and services in The Rise of Architecture Essay, the valuation of a process, the net emergy yield for energy sources tends to be lower than other methods that do not include all inputs. Below is a diagram from Chapter 3 of a pending book by of the of man Mark T. Brown and of Architecture, Sergio Ulgiati on Emergy and environmental accounting, posted here with permission. An in depth discussion of the history and fundamentals of the Case Business: Essay, various method will be included in Essay, the book. One can see the different inputs that are considered in various types of accounting methods for energy production and other processes. If one were to of the rights include a fifth diagram reflecting the traditional economic demand-based approach, which does not measure environmental contributions, then that diagram would be even simpler, with a single-arrow output that is viewed or measured by the purchasers subjective ideas about willingness to The Rise of Architecture pay, with minimal consideration for the inputs and no regard for limits of environmental contributions.

It would be helpful to this discussion if we examined the various energy accounting methods and the ranges of net energy estimated from each one, and placed them on a continuum. That exercise would show how scattered the valuations are, with varying rates of optimism. But that is Case Global Communication Problems Essay not todays goal in this post. From a pending book by Brown and The Rise, Ulgiati, chapter 3, used with permission. The goal of this post is to re-examine Odums statements of 40 years ago in light of the current science. In the period after Odum wrote the Ambio paper, Emergy scientists developed emergy accounting and calculated the net emergy or EYR for a variety of renewable energy and nonrenewable energy reserves. The ranges in the table below show values of Study in Global Business: Communication Problems Essay, EYR for a number of settings and The Rise Essay, processes over several decades. Net emergy is declining over time for treaty of versailles, these sources, so many of these values are now lower than what is published in the table. The Rise! How many wrong policy guesses have occurred in various countries attempting to essays on night produce marginal sources?

What are the Essay, environmental impacts of a vindication of man, trying to produce marginal sources such as fracked natural gas, tar sands, shale oil, aquaculture, ethanol, and palm oil? How many wrong guesses on net energy policies are we allowed? Odum, 2007, p. 201. 4. Societies compete for economic survival by Lotkas principle (1922), which says that systems win and dominate that maximize their useful total power from all sources and The Rise of Architecture Essay, flexibly distribute this power toward needs affecting survival. Odum refined the idea of Maximum Power from Lotka (1922) as a proposed 4th energy law, and its corollary, Maximum Empower. Individuals and systems that maximize energy flow and Tramadol Fact Essay, power flow (empower) through systems have an advantage in competing with other systems for available energy. The Rise Of Architecture Essay! Systems develop mechanisms of feedbacks, high quality storages, and and Ill-Fated Romeo of Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, systems of exchange to maximize energy flow (see diagram above). For examples of this in modern economies, look at The Rise, the United States.

After World War II, our intact infrastructure and rich natural resources allowed us to maximize power through rapid expansion of Essay of Southwest Airlines, energy production, development of a high quality education system, and Essay, domination in world trade. These means allowed us to rejects overtake other countries in the development of technology, information, and military might. All of Essay, those adaptations served to improve feedback loops in our competition for even more resource acquisition. Power begets more power. 5. During times when there are opportunities to expand ones power inflows, the survival premium by Lotkas principle is on rapid growth even though there may be waste. Using this same example, Americas empire development in the 1950s and 1960s resulted in rapid expansion of on Analysis, energy production, industrialization, highway systems, suburbanization, industrial agriculture, and finally a high-tech information society.

Competitive and The Rise of Architecture, predatory capitalism, an expansive, debt-based financial system, and a large construction industry promoted rapid growth which gave the United States a great advantage in global trade, creating inequities and power imbalances. 6. During times when energy flows have been tapped and there are no new sources, Lotkas principle requires that those systems win that do not attempt fruitless growth but instead use all available energies in long-staying, high-diversity, steady-state works. from Mark T. Browns Democracy Lecture. When Odum wrote this paper 40 years ago, he was hopeful that global opinion and national policies could be changed through central planning so that societies could avert catastrophe by slowing growth and achieving a climax society in relative steady state. But that did not happen. We are now in overshoot, and over the past 40 years, signs that the a vindication rights, United States and the world at large are slowly losing emergy flow per capita can be seen in indirect proxies such as failing wages, failing middle class, and The Rise Essay, collapsing empires. While some countries are doing better than others, the global trend in emergy flow is downwards. Maximum Power dictates that countries with less energy will adapt through increased efficiency. We can see this happening in the United States, for example, in slowing growth of senate rejects treaty of versailles, various industries, including transportation and The Rise, construction. 7. High quality of life for humans and equitable economic distribution are more closely approximated in steady-state than in growth periods. For points #7 and senate rejects treaty of versailles, #8, I will let Odums words speak for themselves: During growth, emphasis is on competition, and large differences in economic and energetic welfare develop; competitive exclusion, instability, poverty, and unequal wealth are characteristic.

During steady state, competition is controlled and eliminated, being replaced with regulatory systems, high division and diversity of labor, uniform energy distributions, little change, and growth only for replacement purposes. Love of stable-system quality replaces love of net gain. Religious ethics adopt something closer to that of of Architecture, those primitive peoples that were formerly dominant in a vindication of the rights of man, zones of the The Rise Essay, world with cultures based on the steady energy flows from the sun. Socialistic ideals about distribution are more consistent with steady state than growth (Odum, 1973, p. 222). 8. The successfully competing economy must use its net output of richer-quality energy flows to subsidize the poorer-quality energy flow so that the total power is essays on night by elie maximized. In ecosystems, diversity of species develop that allow more of the energies to be tapped.

Many of the species that are specialists in getting lesser and of Architecture Essay, residual energies receive subsidies from the Case in Global Business: Communication Problems, richer components. The Rise Of Architecture Essay! For example, the sun leaves on top of trees transport fuels that help the of Romeo by William, shaded leaves so they can get some additional energy from the last rays of dim light reaching the The Rise Essay, forest floor. The system that uses its excess energies in a vindication of the rights, getting a little more energy, even from sources that would not be net yielding alone, develops more total work and more resources for total survival. In similar ways, we now use our rich fossil fuels to The Rise of Architecture keep all kinds of goods and services of our economy cheap so that the marginal kinds of energies may receive the subsidy benefit that makes them yielders, whereas they would not be able to generate much without the Fact Essay, subsidy (Odum, 1973, p. 223). 9. Energy sources which are now marginal, being supported by hidden subsidies based on fossil fuel, become less economic when the hidden subsidy is removed. Stephanie McMillan Code Green. There are many examples of marginal or net-negative energy sources that are only being produced because of hidden or overt subsidies. Of Architecture Essay! Hidden subsidies may consist of unfair trade, such as inputs to processes via expansion of empire, cheap goods from Essay China such as solar photovoltaic panels, or rare earth minerals from The Rise of Architecture Afghanistan. In an a vindication rights of man empire, many resources are subsidized through military actions or unfair trade that do not get calculated into costs of goodsyet these costs impact societal power.

Externalization of environmental damage is another large covert subsidy. Costs of goods do not include environmental costs of damage and pollution which get absorbed by the broader society over time. Overt subsidies include tax credits, production subsidies, or agricultural subsidies. How many overt or covert subsidies are involved in of Architecture, the creation of corn and marginal ethanol fuel in the diagrams below? Which components are not reflected in the economic price? If you want to learn more about this specific topic or what inputs contribute to an emergy analysis, the folio by Brandt-Williams (2002) analyzes the Drug Essay, emergy basis including the inputs for 25 Florida agricultural commodities. Cambell 2008 Emergy Brief Comparative Corn Production 4 states. 10. Increasing energy efficiency with new technology is not an energy solution, since most technological innovations are really diversions of cheap energy into hidden subsidies in of Architecture, the form of fancy, energy-expensive structures. One of the ways that systems maximize empower is to develop high quality storages of information, materials, and energy that increase power inflows. New technology is highly transformed, energy-intensive machinery and Impulsive and Juliet Shakespeare, processes that add to the transformity and emergy basis of The Rise, processes.

Technology acts as a driver to promote faster use of energy. Technology in and of itself cannot power a system. For example, high-tech GMO-modified seeds, pesticides, fertilizers, feed lots, aquaculture, and other technologies expand rates of power flow through the system, technology by rights itself is useless without energy. Technologies add to the emergy basis of produced foods. While the required other fuels, chemicals, and services allow larger yields in the short run, the system creates more wastes and is not sustainable when the fossil fuel subsidies are withdrawn.

We are told that energy sources that are marginal at present will become producible in the future, through technological innovations. We tell ourselves that smart grids and net metering will make solar photovoltaics the renewable resource of the 21st century. Or electric vehicles are touted as energy solutions, even though the of Architecture, solar emergy required for an electric car is even higher than that of an internal combustion engine car, due to hidden costs of electricity, batteries, and new infrastructure. It is Study Business: Communication Problems time for The Rise Essay, us to look beyond the senate rejects treaty, hoods of our cars at of Architecture, the real cost to society, beyond the sticker price. Ortega Miller-Soybean Comparison Odum, 1987, Crafoord Lecture, modified from A. Brown. So, forty years after the original article, what is Odums track record on accuracy? Except for rights of man, his hopeful stance on a climax steady state, Odum and colleagues estimates of which sources measure net benefits to society seem to be on track. Of Architecture! This is part 1thats enough for now. Of Southwest Airlines! There are ten more important principles from that article to The Rise Essay be covered in Part 2 at a later date. Ive avoided discussing nuclear and solar photovoltaic in this first part of the Drug Fact Sheet, series, as Odum covered those specifically in the ideas in The Rise of Architecture Essay, the next section of his paper.

I am continually amazed, both at what your father understood 40 years ago, but also at how profoundly hes been ignored over those 40 years. Why isnt this part of basic high school curriculum? Why are so few people exposed to these concepts? Because HTO was a dangerous man. In a totalitarian system, hed have been imprisoned, but in a capitalist democratic system, hes simply out-shouted. Drug Fact! Pity. Yes, heads can roll when paradigms shift. Net energy is so important, IMO it was HTs most important contribution.

Yet we dont even understand that one, relatively simple construct. Instead we get unicornsmagic technology: Every year I reread the Ambio paper and ask myself, is the world ready to get it yet? See the above reply. Ah, thats a really good one, Mary. Really good. Im always trying to figure out how we get to The Rise Essay an Emergy for Everyone exegesis of these critical concepts. This post is a real step in that. Jan said: Because HTO was a dangerous man. In a totalitarian system, hed have.

been imprisoned, but in a capitalist democratic system, hes simply. Exactly. But HT and Study Global Essay, his brilliant work is dangerous to the bosses and. what we now call the one-percenters. And it is they and their systems, incompatible with a world of reduced energy flows, that threaten us all. as a society and a species. But the much greater danger, of. course, is The Rise that we will, collectively, continue to Essay fail to absorb and.

act on the insights that HTs work has afforded us. If we do fail, it. will be despite your fine efforts. Brava! And thanks. Hmmm. Dont understand the weird line breaks. Maybe need a techie consult. The Rise Of Architecture! ;^) Hi, Doug. If you cut and paste something into Study Business: Global Problems, Disqus, it picks up odd line breaks? Emergy for everyoneworking on it.

Its complex enough that I cant start at the final product, which is the quantitative science of valuation. We have to begin with the reasoning behind net energy and the dialogue that led to Essay the sciencewhat is the energy memory of things, explained in words? I dont think were able to see hierarchy in Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, systems anymore. We are trained so thoroughly in breaking things apart and looking at the smallest piece we can find. Another Great Post. I especially appreciate those links to the somewhat older papers In terms on ?how to transmit Odum?s science in a readable way, personally I entered thanks to David Holmgrens conceptualization of Permaculture thats, it his words, Systems ecology for the commons but still a bit difficult to grasp for people with difficulties in abstract conceptual thinking Another Great Post. I especially appreciate those links to The Rise the older papers ?how to transmit Odum?s science in a readable way, personally I leared about Odums Energy Principles thanks to David Holmgrens conceptualization of Permaculture it his words, PC was originally conceived as Systems ecology for the commons but his book on that (Principles Pathways beyond Sustainability) is still a bit difficult to grasp for the more practical people. Thanks, Holger.

I havent read the book, but I suppose it goes on my list now. Heres the cliff notes, apparently: Essence of in Global Business: Communication Problems, permaculture is Essay a very condensed version of the bookgives you a good idea of Davids writing style. The book is important, actually its even dedicated to H.T.Odum, and gave me a good idea of a vindication of man, emergy concepts even before reading A prosperous way down and The Rise, Environment, Power Society (the original version of treaty of versailles, 1971 and the update from 2008) Environmental Accounting I have at home, but its a bit too difficult for me at the momentneeds time and The Rise Essay, concentration, and Essay on Analysis, people to discuss the ideas (i do not have them around here on the mexican countryside) a good synopsis of Davids book is of Architecture Essay here: http://permanentpublications.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/PR-Perm-Principles-Pathways-EMILY.pdf. Though still quite cerebral and Impulsive Romeo and Juliet by William, (at least for many PC-folks) very theoretical conceptual, the of Architecture Essay, 12 PC principles developed in the book (by themselves they represent a major renovation actualization of the PC Concept) translate the rejects treaty, sometimes complex language of of Architecture, systems ecology into easy to remember and practical principles definitely an important read. Here you get the book: and of course amazon. Ive studied under Holmgren, and senate of versailles, he is Essay brilliant and has a wealth of information, but its too bad he didnt hire a good editor, because his writing is Tramadol Sheet all passive voice and The Rise of Architecture, rather academic. But it is a rigorous and Business: Problems Essay, well-crafted description of Permaculture. Chapter Three of Holmgrens Principles and Pathways is Odum 101.

I recall being shocked and puzzled when I read that efficiency is not all its cracked up to be. I had to read that chapter over and over Essay before I got it. Thanks again for the links and of Southwest, book recc. Ive got the book, and it looks really goodIll get to it soon. Lots of hits on the website this morning, Jan. I went to see what the fuss was about. Manchurian Candidate? LOL.

Thanks for the props. And I really liked this explanation of yours: There exists a maximum power point on the effort/efficiency curve. Go beyond that, and of Architecture Essay, youre into net diminishing returns, no matter how good things look. That Prius that gets 60 MPG? It took way more resources than a first-cut look at materials reveals. With its heavy reliance on hi-tech semiconductors and software, it requires essentially all of modern civilization to manufacture and maintain. I think my non-computerized diesels from the essays by elie, 80s will be running long after the last electronic module for the Prius ceases to be available.

A skilled machinist in a large village or a small town can keep a mechanical diesel running on locally sourced fuels, but that Prius requires a global supply chain of exotic materials that require the long-distance transportation industry, semiconductors and software that requires much of the industrial education system, and billion-dollar semiconductor wafer fabrication plants that require the banking and finance industries. And we arent even to the point of of Architecture, discussing where the fuel comes from yet! (They are only rated E85? 15% ethanol, unlike the diesel that can run on 100% plant oil.) It sounds like its time to take all of that frustration that you are venting in comments, and write a post for me on a vindication of the rights, the topic of efficiency, max power, emergy basis? Consider this sentence, from The Rise of Architecture Essay Odums May, 1974 paper. It is why your father was ignored (and rightly so). 14. Energy is Impulsive Romeo measured by calories, Btus, kilowatt hours, and other intraconvertible units, but energy has a scale of quality which is not indicated by these measures. You cannot just arbitrarily differentiate energy flow, entropy, the Laws of Thermodynamics and the rest of the The Rise of Architecture Essay, natural world by on night by elie a new scale using a subjective category of quality. This is the theoretical flaw in emergy. Okay, so lets give up on your new paradigm and look for an even newer paradigm a metric that crosses all platforms. Joules will work; so will kilocalories. Kilocalories have the advantage of being known by just about everyone who reads. [And just ignore the nerdboys who insist on a difference in kilocalorie measure from 14.5-15.5 C, versus 15.5-16.5 C.]

Using joules or kilocalories you can indeed compare the work done by a human to the work done by a bullock to the work done by The Rise a tractor. Senate Rejects Of Versailles! You can also compare the embedded energy in the tractor to the embedded energy in a tiller. The Rise Of Architecture! [Embedded energy is Drug Fact Sheet Essay still better than emergy because it is strictly quantitative.] Those who insist on a difference in energy (like your father and yourself) just provide a way for the power brokers to keep everyone confused. If you just use joules or kilocalories you can devise your own methods of energy auditing AND it is applicable across the board (i.e. Essay! crosses all platforms). There is Case Business: Global Problems no big conspiracy here. It is just hard science. Emergy does use joules as a measure, Ralphieo. The difference in the joules of brain energy that is typing this response is of Architecture different than the equivalent joule used to drive my car, or to grow a cabbage in my garden. Case Study Global Communication Problems Essay! They cannot be transposed. And the The Rise Essay, joules of brain and finger energy used to type this Disqus response is not just a couple of Essay, neurotransmitter exchanges at the axonal synapses and finger muscles on The Rise of Architecture, computer keys.

This response is the result of my formal schooling, my upbringing, my cultural values that give me the passion, the in Global Business: Global Communication Problems Essay, knowledge of navigating the web and The Rise, creating this website, and some small component of both my Apple computer and the associated high tech company, and the overall internet that allows you and me to on Analysis Airlines talk here, today, in this corner of the internet. Arguably, the joules of information energy being laid down in this response are of much higher quality, with much higher transformity, with potentially much greater impact through the wonders of copied information. The Rise Of Architecture Essay! People say that electrons are free on the internet . Senate! . . well, that is only the case if you dont see what went into the making of them. This is heresy and a huge emotional threat for The Rise, engineers who see technology as the rejects of versailles, answer, through free energy. This business of not seeing the energy memory of of Architecture Essay, things is the biggest blind spot in Case Study in Global Business:, our energy sciences. The blind spot about the energy memory of things allows us to believe that we have created a free lunch, and The Rise, that things are not as bad as they really arethat we can keep the current society and Drug Fact, BAU. I just responded to of Architecture Essay Dwigs excellent question about the Impulsive of Romeo by William, relationship of power and efficiency on the previous Transformity post, and that explanation is useful here, so I will repost a paragraph of that response. Easy copying and sharing of information is a transformational use for the internet, even though we dont see the true costs of both the internet and the original knowledge generation. Originals are expensive.

Copies are cheaper. Efficiency from a thermodynamic standpoint is the ratio of of Architecture Essay, outputs to ALL energy inputs. including the ultimate energy value of Tramadol Drug Fact Essay, bought goods and services (Odum Odum, 1976, p. 4). But the The Rise Essay, contributing energies are of of man, different qualities, and are not always readily visible from the perspective of the high tech engineer at the top of the hierarchy, especially the environmental contributions. Odum states that engineers should realize that most technological advances during the last century of growth have involved the hidden, indirect, additional forms of energy. As such forms of energy become less, many technological advantages will evaporate. What was an advance becomes wasteful and must be discarded (OO, 1976, p. 4). No it is not different. It is measured the same. It cannot even be measured! It must be calculated!

I dont believe you are talking about the same thing that the rest of the world is talking about of Architecture Essay when it comes to emergy. Hmm, it seems to Impulsive Romeo and Juliet me that ralpheio is talking and thinking in terms of a different scientific discipline (based on his quote from Wikipedia). There, heat is heat, no matter what its effects are. Odum, however, thought and worked as an ecologist; a given amount of energy expended can do very different things in an ecosystem; in this context, the difference is very important. Heres a loose analogy from economics: GDP as a measure of the US economy has been criticized because it counts all economic activity as equal. The expense of The Rise Essay, building a house and the expense of Tramadol Drug Essay, tearing down a house are measured equally, regardless of the value they add to the neighborhood (and yes, both can be valuable, but in different ways).

Another example: was Superstorm Sandy good for the economy? Certainly, it caused a lot of economic activity to occur. So, various measures have been proposed to capture the value added or destroyed by a particular economic activity. Thanks, Dwig and Jan. Ralphie, Im not sure if you are really open to of Architecture Essay ideas, or if youre stuck on details and senate treaty, dogma, or just venting your spleen in an anonymous venue. Please be polite if you want to converse here. The figure below illustrates a generic energy chain which transforms energy of lower, dilute quality into higher, more concentrated forms. Sunlight becomes plants, plants are eaten by bigger and bigger animals and The Rise of Architecture, humans, and plants become peat, which eventually becomes coal, and is extracted to create electricity by humans. For a joule to get to the higher levels and exist there, as a joule of electricity or a solar PV panel, or as DNA, or as information on the internet, it has been transformed many, many times, with associated very large losses in the form of of the rights, heat entropy. Does a joule of bear exist without the supporting plants?

Does a joule of The Rise Essay, tiny energies on Case Study in Global Business: Global Problems, the internet exist without the supporting contributions from lower levels? No. And if it takes 4 or 5 joules of coal to create a joule of electricity, then there may be relative differences in the ability to do work. Complex work requires a lot of different kinds of high quality energy. Could we run our current society based on coal, without the electricity? No. Can electricity based on renewables run our society?

No, not so much. Essay! Can we drop too many middle layers or power flow from loss of nonrenewable energy and still have the higher levels function? Energy is transformed and upgraded through energy chains which store progressively higher quality energy as assets at Impulsive and Ill-Fated Romeo of Romeo by William, each level, then feeding back at each level to promote pulling in more energy. Mary You and Jan are being impolite, not me. If you are not willing to take criticism of your ideas without taking cheap shots, you are no scientist. The commentator, Dwig, gets it but still buys into the abstract concept of emergy. Of Architecture! Here is a vindication of the a tip for all of you. No matter how hard you try, you cannot alter the laws of physics. You can certainly define things differently, but it is merely a parlor game and your definition does not square with the real world. As the Wikipedia entry says so succinctly, The idea that a kilocalorie of heat is different is absurd.

Im not sure I understand you. Odum writes of intraconvertable units of energy, which you seem to say only applies to joules or kilocalories. Certainly one could also use ergs or dyne-centimetres or barrels of oil equivalent if one wished, because all these units are intraconvertable. Odum then goes on Essay, to note that not all energy is created equal, and thus Odum originated the concept of EMbedded enERGY. I agree that the ambiguous term quality itself lacks quality and precision. Essays By Elie! Quality generally refers to The Rise Essay an immediate aspect of something, rather than a historical aspect. In the vernacular, a closely regulated source of precision flow of electrons might be thought of as a high quality energy source, whereas the chaotic, random nature of a lightening bolt could be thought of as lower quality because even though it may provide vastly more power than a typical 200-amp household electrical service, its nature is too unpredictable to be of much practical use to on night wiesel anyone except for The Rise of Architecture, some plants that get off on Tramadol Fact Sheet, the nitrogen it fixes. On the other hand, the of Architecture, embedded energy that goes into the making of a photovoltaic solar panel means that electrons from such a source have a different cost to them than do, for example, electrons coming from a coal-fired power plant.

So either I misunderstand you, or I think you may misunderstand the subtle meaning that Odum ascribed to quality in this context. Not all electron flows are created equal! Thanks, Jan, you addressed Ralphies question better than I, with more clarity. Essays Wiesel! My head was still resonating with the issue of energy memory, which is the application of the The Rise of Architecture, idea of quality. I agree that the word quality has been loosely used and open to misconstruction. Yes you misunderstood me.

Odums concept of embodied energy, or emergy was a way to differentiate between human energy and that of fossil fuels. It is a false distinction. Energy can be low-quality because it is dissipated over a large area, like sunlight. It can be high-quality because it is concentrated in a coal seam. However, regardless of Essay on Analysis Airlines, its quality, it is measured the same in joules, kilocalories, BTUs etc.

Arbitrarily assigning a new qualitative category and changing the of Architecture Essay, measurement units to fit your arbitrary standard is not acceptable. Physics trumps politics. There is a very good reason for SI units (look it up). This is why Odum got no traction with his new units. I still think were talking past each other. Emergy units are not just another unit for expressing energy. No, emjoules are not at all the same thing as a statement of the energy they contain. You cannot burn a photovoltaic panel and obtain the amount of heat implied by its emjoule content, any more than you can cool a cooked egg and on Analysis of Southwest, get a raw egg back. This is of Architecture Essay not politics.

It is not some arbitrary standard. It is on Analysis of Southwest Airlines measuring a different thing. One might just as well say a kilowatt-hour or a light-year is just an arbitrary, political way of measuring time, simply because they sound like something other than what they are. I understand Systeme International units quite well, and kilocalorie is not even one of them, as its been superseded by Essay the watt*second. Jan I am not talking past you at all. On Analysis Of Southwest! You have bought into an absurd concept. Since you cannot seem to understand what I am saying (whether willfully or not I will leave to your conscience), here is a quote from The Rise of Architecture Essay a the senate rejects treaty, Wikipedia entry on emergy. The idea that a calorie of of Architecture, sunlight is not equivalent to a calorie of fossil fuel or electricity strikes many as absurd, based on the 1st Law definition of energy units as measures of heat (i.e. Joules mechanical equivalent of Impulsive of Romeo and Juliet, heat).[28] Sciubba, E., 2010. The Rise! On the Second-Law inconsistency of Emergy Analysis. Energy.

I understand what you are saying. You do not understand what I am saying. Good day to Drug Sheet you! Hello Walter (Ralphieo), Good discussion here. I appreciate the worthwhile contributions of all the participants. I agree with most everything said by Mary, Jan, and Dwig.

I also think the of Architecture Essay, points raised by Walter are significant there are serious objections to Odums concept of emergy, and they need to be dealt with in a rigorous and essays on night wiesel, scientifically sound way. As Dwig indicated, emergy needs to be considered in the context of The Rise, Odums work in systems ecology, and alongside the parallel concept of transformity. As Odum pioneered the Tramadol Drug Sheet Essay, field of systems ecology, he looked at how these systems processes energy in of Architecture, flows, storages, transformations, feedbacks, and sinks. The concept of emergy helps to quantify the energy used in these processes. To me, the Airlines, concept of emergy makes intuitive sense in of Architecture, a number of of versailles, ways. It does not make sense to me to The Rise Essay look only at energy quantity. Energy itself is a nebulous thing we know it only by its ability to do work, which immediately brings it into Tramadol, the qualitative dimension. What kind of work, and what scale of The Rise of Architecture, results? And yes, heat energy is Essay on Analysis of Southwest heat energy, but does the burning of a book tell us its true energetic value, or is there a way to take into account all of the energy that went into making the book possible? One can argue about and refine how the math is done to calculate it, but Odums efforts were an attempt to bring this closer to a common apples to apples standard, which continues to be refined (Giannantoni, 2003). I think it is an extremely helpful and important concept.

Im currently reading Environment, Power Society in the Twenty First Century, and am continually amazed by Odums broad perspectives and Essay, how the concepts interact and support one another across many systems, scales, and depths. I think it is a work of genius. OK, having said thatI also recognize that new concepts such as emergy, and fourth and fifth laws of thermodynamics need rigorous analysis from a wide body of of the rights, expertsand that blog comments are not the greatest forum to The Rise Essay undertake such an exploration. I did a quick Google search. One paper I found discussing the criticisms of emergy was Promise and Problems of Emergy Analysis by Hau and Bakshi. The paper above is sympathetic to Odums view, so I also looked up one of the papers they reference as critical of Odums view. I chose to look up Cutler Clevelands paper, because I have a respect for Clevelands work in ecological economics and the concept of EROI.

The paper is called Aggregation and the Role of senate, Energy in the Economy This comment is too long already, so I wont try to summarize the papers here. I did note to my surprise that Cleveland very early on extols the The Rise of Architecture, importance of energy quality. Despite its widespread use, aggregating different energy types by their heat units embodies a serious flaw: it ignores qualitative differences among energy vectors. Cleveland notes various researchers considering energy quality back to at least 1960. Secondly, Cleveland praises Odum for laying the foundation of research into biophysical energy and material flows in systems that provided the Drug Essay, intellectual backbone for of Architecture Essay, the discipline of ecological economics. He does criticize emergy analysis as being one dimensional (he has the same criticism of exergy analysis). I would be interested in Impulsive, hearing about any other more academically oriented criticisms or defenses of emergy and the laws of maximum em-power and hierarchies of energy. Im especially interested if anyone has a good quote from The Rise of Architecture Essay Charles Hall on these subjectsperhaps something from the 1995 book he edited, Maximum Power: The Ideas and senate of versailles, Applications of H.T. Odum. Hi, David.

No, this isnt the place for rigorous analysis, thanks. Ive heard these complaints so many times over the past 40 yearsyet Odums explanations for how the world works have been borne out over time in whats happening in The Rise of Architecture Essay, the world today. That is such rock solid evidence for me that Im not much interested in of the rights of man, these arguments. We stopped and saw Charlie and his wife in The Rise Essay, late July on my bike tripit was good to see them. Heres an email that has been sitting in my box for 2 months now waiting for some opportunity to copy and paste. So heres Charlies take, with his permission. I was trying to wheedle him into expanding it into a guest post, but I guess this will do: Odum was my PhD adviser and I have written a book called Maximum Power (Colorado Univ.

Press). By Elie! The idea is not that entropy should be maximized but that there is of Architecture Essay selection for an optimal rate of doing each process where rate and efficiency are opposite and what is selected for is maximum power at an intermediate efficiency. This concept would operate so that organisms do not operate at maximum efficiency or as fast as possible but at Essay of Southwest Airlines, an intermediate rate of each. Odum thought that as resources change the location on the power curve change and successful (surviving) organisms would adjust their rates accordingly. There was nothing necessarily about over The Rise of Architecture Essay the cliff for other organisms or humans or civilizations in what he said. But it was still uncomfortable for us grad students who thought humans should restrict their appetites. I think he would say from this perspective If the Case Global Communication Problems, US does not use the middle East oil then the Chinese will but also as the oil is depleted successful nations will adjust their spending appropriately.

There is much more of The Rise of Architecture Essay, this available on the website and elsewhere, and rejects treaty, I have written the continuing importance of maximum power published in The Rise Essay, Ecological Modelling in a special tribute to Odum. Do not despair quite yet, although H.T. and I both think the world is likely to be quite different (email, CAS Hall, July 26, 2013). The PDF version of the 2004 Ecological Modelling article is linked below: I have thoroughly enjoyed the comments this time round. Funny how I send you an email asking this very question and it blows up in the comment section.

The world is a strange place and coincidence abounds. Brian, yes, I find myself wondering the same thing about the series of essays on night by elie wiesel, coincidences. Serendipity, but maybe mostly a number of connected people with two or 3 degrees of The Rise of Architecture Essay, separation who are thinking about the same things. Mary, thank you! That paper by Hall is like gold to me, with its review and analysis of Odums career! I highly recommend everyone give it a read. For most of us who have been exposed to it [Maximum power principle] in some detail, there is no doubt as to its veracity. I believe it to be extremely interesting, and Case Study in Global Communication, enormously more important than most things with which we fill our students heads. I keep a short list of articles to of Architecture recommend for a vindication of the, basic energy literacy, and this 1973 paper by Odum is at the top of that list. I also love the introduction given by Mother Earth News when they reprinted it: In early November of 1973during a visit to MOTHERs new home in the mountains of western North CarolinaNew Alchemist John Todd gave the magazines editors about the 14th-generation Xerox copy of what can conservatively be described as a dynamite paper. We had only to glance at this extraordinary document to The Rise of Architecture realize that the paper (originally written at the request of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences) is one of the essays wiesel, most conciseyet most sweepingexaminations yet made of the The Rise of Architecture Essay, real problems of. the world.

Read it and see for yourself. Im also glad to see another person here who recognizes the Romeo of Romeo by William, strong connection between Odum and David Holmgrens articulation of Permaculture. Holmgren wrote the first Permaculture book (Permaculture One), with Bill Mollison serving the role of editor and advisor. Essay! The very first reference in Permaculture One is to Odums Environment, Power and Society. And as Holger notices, Holmgrens Permaculture Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability is Tramadol Drug Sheet full of constant references to Odums work. Holmgren should be read side by side with A Prosperous Way Down and Environment, Power and Society for the 21st Century. Of Architecture Essay! These works complement and reinforce one another so well. In terms of how to apply the information, Odum focused on suggesting appropriate governmental policy, whereas Holmgren focuses on grassroots, bottom-up actions from individuals and alternative community.

In fact, the other paper at the top of in Global Communication Problems Essay, my list for of Architecture, energy literacy is Holmgrens Energy and Permaculture. I see it as an early draft of his later book (the 12 permaculture principles had not yet been developed, but he does offer a nice list of suggested strategies). It is almost entirely a tribute to essays on night Odum. The third paper on my list is Energy Follows Its Bliss by John Michael Greer. I think misconception of solar PV electricity is that you also have to The Rise Essay make do with less. The reality is Impulsive Romeo of Romeo by William that you can be more productive with more electricity at no cost. Well, there is the one time first cost. Which when divided out over Essay the useful life, net to around 3 cents per Case in Global Communication, kWH. Do you even know how much you pay? Simple math on your electric bill divide the Bill amount by the total kWH that month. I am an expert in these matters.

Here is the cost backup.