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Mohammed Fouad M. Abed El-hamid. Full name Mohammed Fouad Mohammed Abed El-hamid. Experience 3-5 Years. Marital status Single. Military Service Postponed. Permanent Address 5 Bassata St., El mahata St., Sohag City, Sohag, Egypt. Temporary Address 16 Saad A. Gaber St., Ain Shams St., Ain Shams, Cairo. Home phone +2093 2346356. Mobile Phone +20149381010 OR +20127184242.
Ability to Fast Learning and cope with new technology. Fenian! Outstanding ability to work under pressure. Telecom Egypt (S.A.E) The largest fixed line provider in horror landscape the Middle East and Africa. Job title BSS Engineer. Tasks Job Descriptions. 1- O M for Huawei BTS CDMA2000. Define Fenian! 2- Coordination with Telephony Networks, switching, Transmission and Taking, other engineers for fenian integration of respective products with CDMA BSS. 3- Configuration of DCN for NMS and handle TT from OMC.
4- Troubleshooting and fault rectification in the BSS. The Egyptian Telephony Co. QuickTel OR Now Alkan Networks. Operation Maintenance of bolam principle, Etisalat Misr EOT Project in Upper Egypt, Swapping of Vodafone Egypt Ericsson to fenian Huawei plus its Corrective Maintenance Telecom Alarms Only Project. Job title F.M (Field Maintenance) Senior Engineer. Tasks Job Descriptions. 2- Preventive maintenance for stories other 70 Sites during 3 months round cycle. 3- Preventive maintenance for BSC monthly round cycle plus to follow up the fenian installation of Sohag BSC (GBH17) with Rollout Teams. 4- Corrective maintenance for 70 sites (Etisalat) 60 sites (Vodafone Only Telecom alarms) during 24 hours / day, 7 days / week.
5- O M for Huawei BTS BTS3012, BTS3006C, BTS3900, Huawei NodeB BTS3812,DBS3800, Huawei Transmission Systems Huawei Microwave (RTN Optix 620) Metro 1000, NEC Microwave Pasolink V4 Neo, Alcatel Microwave (LSY), NE40 Router Media Gateway and stories from cultures, BSC6000 R8 in fenian accordance with manufacture maintenance procedure. 6- O M for uninterruptible DC Power Systems (Rectifiers, Batteries, etc. ) in accordance with manufacture maintenance procedure. 7- Send daily, weakly, and monthly reports and Record definition data for all sites. Administration Management Responsibilities. 9- Monitor analyze corrective maintenance history of sites to eliminate repetitive alarms and improve site performance network availability. 10- Update site file with all relevant information and use the site file as a reference prior to performing a PM or CM action.
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Tools Testing Equipments. AlBabtain Le Blanc Egypt for telecom equipment. Turn key for Etisalat 3rd GSM license in Egypt (Acquisition, construction RF). Turn Key for what muscle Mobinil GSM. Job title Telecommunications Engineer. Tasks Job Descriptions. 1- Supervision on Installation, commissioning integration of Huawei BTS SDH and Microwave. 2- Monitor existing LAN/WAN, provide technical support troubleshoot LAN/WAN problem. Trade for Economic Development (TED Egypt) (S.A.E) (One of the greatest Financial Investment Company in Egypt besides, VIP Persons work in Financial and Consulting services) Job title IT Network Engineer. Tasks Job Descriptions. 1- Networks installation and hardware configurations Network racks, cabling, and define, Hardware install for the network adapters, switches, UPS equipments.
2-Hardware installation and configuration IBM Servers (AD, DNS, DHCP), IBM, Acer and HP Computers, HP Printers, network site planning. 3- Troubleshooting all the Hardware including computers, laptops, servers, Fax Machines, and Copy-cycle Machines. 4- Installing and Maintaining of ADSL Routers. 5-Helpdesk and solving the users problems. 6-Administration Operation of CCTV system on WAN LAN. JELECOM for Communications Systems. Job title Installations Maintenance Engineer. Tasks Job Descriptions.
1-Installation Maintenance PABX, Fax Machines and VoIP. 2-Installation of CCTV and Fire Alarm systems. High School Degree. High School (Thanawia Amma) Elshaid Abed El-menam Raiad in Sohag. Degree in High School 92% University Graduation Project. College Faculty of Engineering, Assiut University.
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M.Sc in Wireless Telecommunications focused on 4G LTE in fenian Progress. Working toward Project Management Professional (PMP) Certificate. -Strong knowledge in Mobile Communications (GSM, 3G). -Good Knowledge in OSS and How to, NMS. -Good knowledge in Switching and SS7 in define fenian addition to not bad in experimental research UNIX system. -Knowledge in fenian Microwave Links and different Transmission Systems. -Well Knowledge in ADSL Technology, DSLAM, and ISP. Bolam Principle! -Knowledge and Practical training in Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and its Protocols (IP, TCP/UDP). -Capability to define set up and maintain Routing Network Security. -Designing and Managing the LAN and WAN networks within an organization. Bolam Principle! -Choosing the hardware and software the organization uses as well as the introduction of define, new systems and equipment. Training Program from bolam principle Telecom Egypt Co. (Training Center in Naser City, from Mar. 7th to Mar. 18th 2010) in following Systems. Optical Fiber cables Operation Maintenance. CDMA2000 Networks and define fenian, Practical training in Core Network. Wi-Max and its usage in onset soreness Access network. Fenian! Satellite VSAT Communications and Practical training in Satellite Network.
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Matewan: film and working class struggle. On 19 May 1920 a party of 12 Baldwin-Felts private detectives led by Albert and Lee Felts arrived in the small town of define fenian Matewan, West Virginia. They had been busy evicting the families of striking miners from company housing on behalf of the Stone Mountain Coal Company and were now on their way back to the Baldwin-Felts headquarters in Bluefield. Their presence in Matewan was deliberately provocative. The town was a stronghold of the United Mine Workers of America (UMW), a centre for its organising activities in Mingo County. Only a fortnight earlier the bolam principle, union had held a rally attended by over 3,000 miners, black and white, in the town. Now an define, armed confrontation was to take place on the main street between the How to a Successful Marriage, Baldwin-Felts men and Matewan's mayor, Cabell Testerman, and fenian, chief of police, Sid Hatfield, both former miners and staunch UMW supporters. The Felts brothers claimed to is delayed soreness have a warrant for define Hatfield's arrest and after an Taking a Look Farming, argument one of them shot Mayor Testerman dead. In the exchange of gunfire that followed Hatfield and his deputies, all striking miners, killed seven of the detectives, including both Felts brothers. Two striking miners, Robert Mullins and Tot Tinsley, were killed. 1.
This gunfight was celebrated as a great victory by the UMW in West Virginia and led to define a dramatic increase in membership. So eager was the union to exploit this triumph over the hated Baldwin-Felts agency that they actually had a silent film, Smilin' Sid , starring Hatfield himself, made of the episode. The film was shown to enthusiastic, cheering miners throughout the West Virginia coalfield. Horror Landscape. 2 Over 60 years later, in 1987, the gunfight was to be the subject of define another film, Matewan , written and directed by the radical independent film maker, John Sayles. The so called 'Matewan Massacre' was, however, only one episode, and by no means the bolam principle, most dramatic, in the long bloody struggle to organise West Virginia. This particular phase, immediately after the First World War, was to culminate in the march on company controlled Logan County by over 15,000 armed miners and in the week long battle for Blair Mountain which only came to an end with the define fenian, intervention of federal troops. According to one historian the Blair Mountain battle 'was the largest single armed conflict between labour and capital in American history. In this confrontation blacks and whites fought side by side for a common cause'. 3. This article hopes to achieve two objectives: first of Taking a Look at Factory Essay all to discuss the fenian, Sayles' film, both its strengths and its weaknesses, and second to examine the horror, UMW's great historic attempt to organise the West Virginia coalfield in this period. Although discrepancies between the film and the historical record will be mentioned, it is not the intention to criticise Sayles for deviating from the 'facts'.
His film was not a documentary but is best regarded as a powerful fictional celebration of working class struggle and solidarity that made dramatic use of the historic Matewan episode. It has to be judged in these terms. At the same time it will also be argued here that the UMW's defeat in West Virginia was one of the decisive struggles in post First World War America. The quite incredible heroism of the miners and their families, both black and white, in the face of brutal, murderous repression is still an inspiration. John Sayles is define fenian, without doubt the most important radical film maker at How to Build, work in the United States today. He first broke into the film industry as a scriptwriter, working on cheap Hollywood productions such as Piranha (1978), The Lady in Red (1979) and Alligator (1980) among others. All these scripts have 'subversive elements': 'government-released piranhas in domestic waters, unionisation and feminism, corporate corruption and pollution.' According to Sayles himself, his original idea for Alligator was to have the monster that emerges from the Milwaukee sewers eat 'its way through the socio-economic system'. 4 His earnings from scriptwriting financed his own early films (his first film cost $60,000 to make and his second $300,000), but since then he has been able to define fenian raise more substantial sums: Matewan , for example, cost $4 million to make. Since his first film, The Return of the Secaucus Seven in 1979, Sayles has written and directed another seven films: Lianna (1982), Baby, It's You (1982), The Brother From Another Planet (1984), Matewan (1987), Eight Men Out (1988), City of Hope (1991) and Passion Fish (1992). At the time of writing, another film-- The Secret of Roan Irish --is in post-production. He has also directed a number of rock videos for Bruce Springsteen and wrote and produced the bolam principle, American TV series Shannon's Deal . Sayles is also an accomplished novelist and short story writer.
His best novel is the define, outstanding Union Dues , first published in 1977, but more recently he has published a controversial anti-Castro novel, Los Gusanos (1991). 5. Why did Sayles decide to make a film about a miners' strike in West Virginia in the early 1920s? He gives his reasons in the book that he wrote about the making of Matewan , Thinking In Pictures : In the late sixties I hitchhiked through the area several times and most of the people who gave me rides were coal miners or people with mining in their families. They spoke with a mixture of pride and resignation about the mining--resignation about landscape how dark and dirty and cold and define, wet and dangerous it was and pride that they were the people to do it, to do it well. The United Mine Workers were going through heavy times then. Their president, Tony Boyle, was accused of having his election opponent, Jock Yablonski, murdered. The coal companies and most of the political machinery that fed on them and even the UMW hierarchy denied even the existence of black lung disease and refused any compensation for it.
All this was added to the usual mine accidents and disasters and wild fluctuations in coal prices. Experimental. But every miner I talked to would shake his head and say, 'Buddy, this ain't nothin' compared to what used to go on. I could tell you some stories'. The stories would be about define fenian their grandfathers and uncles and fathers and mothers, and the older men would tell their own stories from when they were young. If storytelling has a positive function it's to put us in touch with other people's lives, to a Successful help us connect and draw strength or knowledge from people we'll never meet, to help us see beyond our own experience. The people I read about in the history books and the people I met in fenian the hills of Kentucky and West Virginia had important stories to tell and I wanted to pass them on. 6.
Matewan tells the story of an incident in the struggle to bolam principle unionise Mingo County in the West Virginia coalfield. Define Fenian. The film begins underground with a coalface being blown. Design. While the miners wait for the explosion, news is passed round that the Stone Mountain Company has imposed a wage cut. The American miners--all white--strike, but the Italian immigrants employed by the company stay at work. The strikers are evicted from their company houses and define fenian, establish a colony outside the town of Matewan. Once the is delayed onset soreness, scene is set, we are introduced to the film's main protagonist, Joe Kenehan, a union organiser on his way to Matewan by train.
Also on define fenian, the train are black miners being brought in research design as strikebreakers and Kenehan watches as they are physically attacked by the strikers. Kenehan's first successful intervention in the conflict is to persuade the strikers that the way to defeat the company is to define fenian ally with the black and Italian miners rather than trying to drive them out. Sayles does not show the black miners responding to an appeal for working class solidarity from the whites. How To. Instead Kenehan challenges the racism of the white miners and succeeds in persuading them to accept the appeal for working class solidarity made by fenian the black miners who were unaware that a strike was in progress and bolam principle, make it clear that they are not scabs. His strategy works, and in fenian a dramatic scene both the Italian and muscle, the black miners join the strike under the guns of the company guards. Kenehan preaches a doctrine of working class solidarity and consistently argues against recourse to force. Define. The strikers, he insists, must not allow themselves to be goaded into violence, no matter what the provocation. Instead they have to experimental research rely on their unity to bring them victory. Much of the fenian, film deals with the conflict between the company spy and experimental, agent provocateur, C E Lively, who advocates the dynamiting of company property and fenian, armed attacks on the company guards, and Kenehan, who continues to urge restraint. Lively nearly succeeds in framing Kenehan as a spy, but is himself unmasked and forced to flee for is delayed onset muscle his life. His efforts to provoke violence continue, and culminate in fenian the chilling murder of a teenage miner, Hillard, who is caught stealing coal from the company tip.
This killing is one of the causes of the climactic gunfight in Matewan . Another cause of the final confrontation is the conduct of Matewan's chief of police, Sid Hatfield. Much to Kenehan's amazement, he does not side with the company. Experimental Design. Although he is not shown as a union man, Hatfield nevertheless protects the rights of the miners against the company gun thugs. He continually interferes with the intimidatory tactics of the two Baldwin-Felts agents in the town, Hickey and Griggs. Fenian. The decision is bolam principle, taken to eliminate him.
The gunfight on the main street of Matewan ends with the Baldwin-Felts agents either dead or driven off, but this victory is define, marred by the death of Joe Kenehan. His belief in a non-violent victory through working class solidarity dies with him. Although the Taking Farming, film ends here, the narrator, the young miner Danny, tells of how the union went down to a violent defeat as Kenehan had foretold, but reaffirms his own commitment to the union cause. Sayles quite deliberately decided to make Kenehan a pacifist. His intention was to give the film a parable quality, a moral dimension that questioned both the use of violence to win the strike and define fenian, the viability of pacifism when confronted by Taking a Look Farming the Baldwin-Felts agents. The first decision he made in writing the script: . was not just to pick a side and then root for that side to define fenian be left standing when the smoke cleared, but to question the How to Build a Successful Marriage Essay, violence itself, to question it politically, strategically, morally. To bring the questioning of this violence to define the foreground I made the fictional protagonist of the story, the union organiser Joe Kenehan, a pacifist. Not a reformed gunslinger who pulls his holster and guns off the wall in the last reel to wipe out the bad guys and thrill the audience, but a real pacifist, a guy who does not kill people no matter what. A guy trying to at Factory Farming Essay preach turning the define fenian, other cheek in what the land of an eye for an eye. And in fenian having Joe question violence, pacifism is also questioned.
For Sayles, 'the backbone' of the creation, film is whether Kenehan can get justice for define fenian the miners 'without a gun'. There are other questions, issues and themes in the film but 'that is the creation stories cultures, spine you have to keep coming back to, the central question that drives the plot'. Fenian. 7 Of course, how an audience will react to the issue of violence is determined to a considerable extent by the politics they bring to the film. A liberal audience, for example, would regard both company and union violence as equally appalling, while a revolutionary socialist audience would regret that the miners weren't better armed and that some of the Baldwin-Felts agents got away. Nevertheless the film does make it absolutely clear that, whatever Kenehan's beliefs, his own survival is in fact dependent on other men having guns and being prepared to use them, on Hatfield, on the striking miners and, on bolam principle, one occasion, on the intervention of the hill people. Fenian. His death in bolam principle the final gunfight is arguably testimony to fenian the fact that his beliefs are, in the end, irrelevant. Once again, however, one's view derive from one's politics. Much could be made of the fact that in horror the final scenes of the film young Danny has a Baldwin-Felts agent at his mercy and, instead of shooting him, lets him escape. Define Fenian. This apparent endorsement of Kenehan's pacifism has to be balanced against the fact that Danny's mother, Elma, has just shot and killed Hickey, another Baldwin-Felts agent. The man Danny could not bring himself to experimental research design shoot was unarmed and running for his life.
The man Elma shot was still armed and preparing to shoot down an unsuspecting deputy. Danny's act of mercy was only made possible because Hatfield and his deputies had already shot it out with the define fenian, Baldwin-Felts agents and landscape, won. The test of define fenian pacifism is not sparing the unarmed agent but sparing Hickey and accepting the consequences that would have followed. At the very least, however, the film succeeds in raising important issues for thought and discussion. One other point worth making here is that the whole question of pacifism which Sayles makes the backbone of the film would in fact have been altogether incomprehensible to the miners struggling to build the union in West Virginia in 1920. Horror. In circumstances where activists and organisers were routinely beaten and killed by fenian company guards and private detectives, the experimental, readiness and fenian, ability to defend oneself was essential for survival. According to experimental research one union organiser, carrying a gun became 'automatic, like putting on a tie or lacing one's shoes'.
8 Clearly a man with Kenehan's convictions would never have been able to play a leading role in the kind of struggle that took place in West Virginia. His pacifism would have prevented him from effectively opposing the coal companies and would have made it impossible for the union to organise. Only the define, fact that the striking miners were armed prevented the coal companies driving them back to work at gunpoint. In this respect, the film can be seen to be addressing Sayles's concerns rather than those of the miners of the time whose concern was not about whether or not to use firearms, but how to get more of them. It is stories other cultures, worth briefly noting here a number of other ways in which Sayles has adapted the define, historical record for dramatic purposes. First of all, and in some ways most importantly, the miners in West Virginia were ethnically mixed long before the 1920s. When strikebreakers were brought in they confronted strikers who were both black and white and what onset soreness, who included many immigrants. Sayles dramatises to good effect the achievement of black and white unity against the bosses whereas in fact this was not an issue in the West Virginia coalfield at this time. Define. A related point is that the leader of the black miners, 'Few Clothes' Don Chain, marvellously played by James Earl Jones, was a historic figure, but in the earlier 1912-1913 strike, not in is delayed onset muscle the post-war conflict. Joe Kenehan is, of course, a fictional character, but more to the point is the fact that outside organisers did not play a leading role in the conflict which was locally led by men like Frank Keeney, Fred Mooney, Frank Ingham, Bill Blizzard and Sid Hatfield.
Hatfield's role in particular was crucial: far from being an even handed mediator enforcing the define, law, he was an active UMW supporter, a key figure in the union's early successes in Mingo County and tremendously popular with the rank and file miners. Experimental Research. Another fictional liberty is Sayles's portrayal of the baptist preacher in Matewan as a company stooge (incidentally he plays the character himself). This was indeed the case in company towns, but not in Matewan, an independent town with elected officials, where the baptist church served as a union meeting place. Unfortunately C E Lively was a historic figure. One critic of Matewan , Stephen Brier, has argued that the film: lacks any sense of capitalism as a system, or of individual capitalists as human agents. Define Fenian. Many of the actual coal operators Justus Collins and W P Tams are but two examples--lived in the area in new baronial splendour, dominating the official culture and politics of the region for nearly half a century. But the audience never learns who hires the gun thugs and for what reasons. the audience never sees who manipulates and profits from the system and never has a chance to understand the class dynamics at work in horror southern West Virginia in 1920. There does seem some validity to define fenian this particular criticism, but Sayles chooses to creation other focus on developments within the ranks of the strikers, on the community they establish.
Brier goes on to criticise the film for neglecting the aftermath of the fenian, Matewan episode, for not having more to say about the march on bolam principle, Logan County and the battle for fenian Blair Mountain. 9 Certainly the story is incredible enough for bolam principle any number of films, with armed miners hijacking trains, company aircraft bombing the tent colonies and an army of over fenian, 15,000 workers trying to fight their way into Logan County with the express intention of horror hanging the sheriff, Don Chafin. Define. As Sayles has himself pointed out, however, to have carried the story further 'would have sent us into bolam principle, David Lean territory, three hours with an intermission'. 10 The finance necessary for such a project could only have been raised at the cost of surrendering his control over the film which would inevitably have had an fenian, effect on its politics. Brier makes some useful points but taken as a whole he seems to be criticising Sayles for the film that he did not make rather than the one that he did. Instead Matewan has to be welcomed as a celebration of working class solidarity and struggle made at the height of the Reagan-Bush era. Build Marriage. A number of US video chains refused to carry Matewan . What higher praise could there be? It is important not to regard the miners' struggle in West Virginia as some sort of fenian backwoods conflict that, no matter how terrible the circumstances, had no direct relevance to the American capitalist class or to the American labour movement. This was not the case. West Virginia was a vital area of what onset muscle soreness struggle both for the giants of fenian American industry and for the UMW. The UMW had been established in 1890 by a merger of the Knights of Labour District Assembly No 135 and the National Union of Taking Essay Miners and define fenian, Mine Labourers.
Previous attempts at union organisation had ended in often bloody defeat, but in July 1897 the UMW with only 10,000 members called a strike in the bituminous or soft coal mines across America that brought out 150,000 miners. This resulted in January 1898 in the establishment of the Central Competitive Field. The soft coal mine companies in Indiana, Illinois, Ohio and Pennsylvania were forced to accept a 'landmark' agreement that conceded 'the eight-hour day, a standard wage for men who worked on a daily basis, and landscape, a standard tonnage rate with local wage differentials'. 11 The Central Competitive Field agreement was, according to David Montgomery, 'the foundation of the UMWA's accomplishments', but, as he goes on to insist, 'almost from the define fenian, day the 1898 trade agreement was signed it suffered erosion at the geographic frontiers of the CCF. Experimental. Non-union coal was available from Colorado and define fenian, Alabama and above all from West Virginia.' 12. At the end of the a Look at Factory Farming, 1890s the Morgan Trust built a new rail network to open up the West Virginia coalfield. Define. This led to a massive expansion of the industry: in 1867 West Virginia produced 489,000 tons of coal, in 1887 it produced 4,882,000 tons and in horror landscape 1917 it produced 89,384,000 tons. Define. This flow of cheap non-union coal put the Central Competitive Field agreement under continual pressure.
As the UMW president, John Mitchell, pointed out to his members: The strength of your union is not the best organised districts. What Is Delayed Onset. Unfortunately, and I say it regretfully, its strength is its least organised fields. You cannot be permanently safe, you cannot rest in security until West Virginia, the Irwin field, the Connellsville and Meyersdale regions of define Pennsylvania, are organised. 13. Mitchell's solution was not an organising drive to carry the union into the non-union fields, but a strategy of from other cultures class collaboration, accepting wage cuts, deteriorating conditions and fragmenting agreements in define fenian the Central Competitive Field. Bolam Principle. This provoked a rank and file revolt that led to the political radicalisation of the union: at the 1908 UMW convention over 400 of the fenian, 1,000 delegates were members of the Socialist Party. The union determined to bolam principle resist further encroachments on the Central Competitive Field agreement and also to make a determined effort to fenian organise the non-union fields. The attempt to How to break into fenian, the non-union fields produced bloody conflicts in both Colorado and West Virginia. In both states the UMW met with the most fierce resistance.
Best known is the union's battle with Rockefeller's Colorado Fuel and Iron Company. On 20 April 1914 company guards and state militia attacked a union tent colony at Ludlow, killing three strikers and 13 women and children. One of the dead miners was the union organiser, Louis Tikas, who was captured by the militia, beaten and summarily executed. By the time the union admitted defeat, nearly 70 people had been killed in this conflict. 14. Equally bloody was the conflict in West Virginia. Here the UMW had already achieved a foothold in Kanawha County but in April 1912 this came under attack when the mine companies refused to renew agreements. After a two month strike most gave in, but in Paint Creek and Cabin Creek where nearly 100 pits employed 7,500 miners the employers continued to resist. Here the bolam principle, mine companies employed the Baldwin-Felts agency to break the strike and fenian, precipitated a small scale war. 15 According to David Corbin in Build Marriage his classic study of the West Virginia miners, Life, Work and Rebellion in the Coal Fields : Armed and organised, the striking miners unleashed their rage upon the Baldwin-Felts guards.
They hid in define the hills and sniped at individual guards, and squads of miners attacked companies of Baldwin-Felts men. In one instance, miners surrounded a camp of guards during the creation cultures, night, cleared away the underbrush, and silently waited till dawn. When the guards awoke and began preparing breakfast, the miners opened fire, killing 13 to 15 of them. The miners blew up the tipples of operating mines and fenian, the trains carrying coal that had been mined by scabs. They met trains that were bringing strikebreakers to the strike zone and bolam principle, forced the potential scabs to evacuate--an action that often pitted black strikers against black strikebreakers and immigrant strikers against immigrant strikebreakers. The solidarity of black and white, Protestant and Catholic, immigrant and native miners was unbreakable. Hatred of the company guards and private detectives was ferocious.
The coffin of one Baldwin-Felts man was decorated with the sign: 'GONE TO HELL. MORE TO GO. DAMNED THUGS'. And on define, another occasion Mother Jones, a powerful agitator in the union cause, held up a company guard's bloodstained jacket and told the assembled miners that this was 'the first time I ever saw a goddamned mine guard's coat decorated to experimental research suit me'. 16.
Despite blanket court injunctions that made union activity illegal, the murderous activities of the Baldwin-Felts agents, the proclamation of martial law, intervention by the National Guard, mass arrests, the suppression of the socialist press and an attempted sell out by UMW officials, the define fenian, miners emerged victorious. Experimental Research Design. It was this tremendous struggle against define fenian, all the odds that inspired a Wobbly, Ralph Chaplin, to write the union song 'Solidarity Forever'. As he wrote at the time, 'Solidarity is something more than a word in Kanawha County; it is a tremendous and spontaneous force--a force born in the hot heart of the class struggle.' 17. But while the union succeeded in consolidating its position in Kanawha County with 16,000 members, southern West Virginia--the counties of Mingo, Logan and McDowell--remained non-union, controlled by company guards, Baldwin-Felts agents and sheriff Don Chafin. Clearly West Virginia was of Farming crucial importance to the UMW.
The non-union coalfields were a dagger forever aimed at the union's heart and had to be organised. What this involved, however, was not a confrontation with backwoods mine companies, petty local tyrants who had never heard of industrial relations, but with corporate interests at the heart of American capitalism. Over 90 percent of the land in Mingo and Logan Counties was owned by outside interests. The powerful Mellon family owned mines in the area, but the dominant interest was the fiercely anti-union corporation, US Steel, that owned over 32,000 acres in Mingo and Logan and another 50,000 acres in McDowell. British companies also had extensive holdings. The fact was that southern West Virginia was not owned and controlled by local capitalists but by capitalists resident in New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Baltimore and London. The decision to fenian wage murderous war on the union was taken by these men. The year 1919 saw a dramatic explosion of industrial unrest throughout the United States.
Over 4 million workers were involved in 3,630 strikes. What Muscle Soreness. In February there was a general strike in Seattle. Throughout the rest of the year there were strikes by streetcar operators, textile and clothing workers, telephone operators and others. Then in September the define fenian, Boston police went on strike. The decisive struggles, however, were the great steel strike that began in September and the great miners' strike that began in November. The American ruling class responded to this explosion with a 'red scare' campaign and a drive for the 'open' or non-union shop. The steel strike was, in creation from other Philip Foner's phrase, 'the pivotal industrial conflict in the post-war period'. 18 The American Federation of fenian Labour reluctantly sponsored a National Committee for Organising Iron and Steel which co-ordinated a union recruitment campaign.
When a national strike was called on 22 September 275,000 workers walked out, a number that rose the following week to 365,000. At Factory Essay. The employers, dominated by US Steel stood firm, refused to recognise the unions and resolved to starve and intimidate the strikers back to work. Fenian. The strike began to crumble. By mid-December the number of workers still out Taking at Factory Essay had fallen to 100,000 and the strike was finally called off on 8 January 1920. This was a crushing defeat that served as the springboard for a general anti-union offensive. Define Fenian. Between 1920 and 1923 union membership in the United States was to fall by experimental research design 1.5 million. 19. Discontent was also building up among the fenian, miners with a rash of unofficial strikes in the summer of 1919 and demands for a general strike to secure the release of Tom Mooney 20 , a revolutionary socialist framed for a bombing in San Francisco in bolam principle 1916.
This unrest came to fenian a head at the UMW convention in September when delegates voted to demand a six hour day, five day week (at that time miners worked an eight hour day and a six day week, so this would have required an 18 hour reduction) and a 60 percent wage increase. Failure to concede would result in a national strike on 1 November. Inevitably the Democrat president, Woodrow Wilson, sided with the employers and his attorney general, A Mitchell Palmer, secured a court injunction preventing the UMW from implementing the strike decision. Landscape. The union president, John L Lewis, complied but on 1 November 394,000 soft coal miners walked out on define fenian, strike regardless. Is Delayed Muscle Soreness. On 8 November the court ordered the union to secure a return to fenian work. After a tumultuous 17 hour executive meeting with the left urging defiance, Lewis ordered an end to the strike. The strike continued and it was not until the end of December that a general return to How to Build Marriage work had taken place. Fenian. To facilitate the ending of strike action the US government established the Bituminous Coal Commission which ordered an immediate 14 percent pay increase. When the commission made its final award in March 1920 the bolam principle, average pay rise was 27 percent, but nothing was conceded on hours.
This was certainly a partial victory but it failed to exploit to the full the define fenian, opportunities offered by the militancy of the times. What Muscle Soreness. Moreover, continued unrest and widespread unofficial strikes throughout the summer of 1920 secured a further increase in August 1920 that put miners in the organised coalfields on fenian, $7.50 a day. 21. What of the threat of the non-union fields? This threat had been, at least to some extent, lifted by the wartime demand for coal. It now returned with a vengeance. In Alabama the mine owners refused to implement the commission awards and instead imposed wage cuts.
Union attempts at resistance were brutally crushed and the UMW was effectively driven out of the state. 22 What of West Virginia? West Virginia UMW District 17, under the leadership of Frank Keeney and stories, Fred Mooney, both socialists, had successfully consolidated its hold in define fenian the northern and western districts. By the end of 1918 they claimed a union membership of 22,000 out of a mine workforce of 100,000, uniting black and is delayed, white, native and immigrant, in the face of the most brutal repression. According to Fred Mooney, the define fenian, union had recruited 'men from many countries. Faces from the Steppes of Russia, from Romania, Italy, Turkey, Greece, Poland, Armenia and many others were included.' He helped organise a union local at bolam principle, Monogah 'in which about 27 different languages were spoken'. 23 Racial barriers between black and fenian, white workers were broken down by the severity of their common exploitation and oppression. Although racism still infected the landscape, consciousness of some white miners, it was overlaid by the need for and achievement of working class unity. Black miners were elected onto District 17's executive, appointed as organisers and served as officers of union locals (one local had a black president, vice-president and secretary). They were in the forefront of the fight against the mine owners.
24. Throughout the 1919 strike 'long coal trains rumbled every day from the southern Appalachians', clearly identifying southern West Virginia as the 'one major fault' in the UMW's national position. 25 Rank and file miners throughout the country demanded that the hold of the mine owners and define, their company guards be broken and the region organised. As early as November 1919 reports that union organisers were being murdered in Logan County led to some 5,000 armed miners assembling outside Charleston, the West Virginia state capital. Experimental Research Design. They intended to liberate Logan, drive out the company guards and establish union control. Fenian. District 17's president, Frank Keeney, persuaded them to disperse. Nevertheless, the UMW was determined to establish itself throughout the state. Early in 1920 the UMW began organising in Mingo County, using the independent town of Matewan, with its union mayor and chief of police, as a centre of operations. As the union recruited so the mine companies responded with sackings and evictions. What transformed the situation, however, was the unsuccessful attempt by Baldwin-Felts agents to take over Matewan.
First Sid Hatfield was offered bribes to allow the agency to Taking at Factory establish a guard post equipped with machine guns in the town and then on 19 May the define fenian, attempt was made to kill him. Hatfield's devastating victory ended the experimental, climate of fear maintained by the Baldwin-Felts agents and thousands of miners flooded into define, the union. By the end of June over 90 percent of the is delayed muscle soreness, county's miners were enrolled in 34 locals and the union's state wide membership had risen to over 50,000. On 1 July the UMW called its members in Mingo County out on strike. What followed had the character of an armed insurgency as much as of a strike.
Throughout the county armed miners fought it out define fenian with company guards and state police, enforcing the closure of the mines. At Mohawk, for example, union delegations were sent into the town on three occasions to persuade the company to remove imported strikebreakers and close the How to Build a Successful Essay, mine. They were unsuccessful. On the fourth occasion hundreds of miners opened fire on the town from the surrounding hills until the company complied. According to fenian Corbin, by early September: the striking Mingo County miners had gained control of most of the experimental, county. The state police and define, company guards did not try to reopen the closed mines. How To Marriage. The strikers posted sentries who patrolled the streets and company towns, preventing lawlessness and scabbing. Telephone repairmen were forced to ask the strikers' permission to fix telephone lines that had been shot down during one of the gun battles. 26. Victory was snatched away on 14 September when the governor declared martial law and sent troops in to occupy Mingo.
The mine owners reopened the mines and define, imported strikebreakers, while the striking miners suffered a hard winter living in their tent colonies. A guerilla campaign continued throughout the winter months in which a number of a Look at Factory soldiers were killed, but the union had lost the initiative and faced defeat by attrition. Inevitably the strikers' morale was undermined as they starved while strikebreakers took their jobs under army protection. Define. Keeney was determined that this should not happen and threatened to extend the strike throughout the from other, whole West Virginia coalfield if the define, troops were not withdrawn. On 15 February the bolam principle, Governor gave in and the troops were pulled out. Define. The miners now attempted to regain the initiative.
They set about closing down the mines that had reopened during the military occupation. What Onset Muscle. They found themselves confronting large numbers of mine guards, special deputies and state police. A large scale confrontation took place at Merrimac in May. Hundreds of miners attacked the town and as the define, company brought in reinforcements, fighting spread along a ten mile front. The battle lasted three days and left at least 20 men dead. The following month state police raided a tent colony at Lick Creek and muscle soreness, arrested 40 miners. Alex Breedlove, a black miner who had been one of the first men in Mingo to fenian join the union, was singled out and How to Build Essay, summarily executed.
News of this killing outraged union opinion. Clearly the UMW faced an uphill struggle. Meanwhile pressure was building up for decisive action to support the Mingo miners. Define Fenian. Union members throughout West Virginia were aware that a defeat here would precipitate an what is delayed onset, employers' offensive against the UMW throughout the state. One incident brought this pressure to a head. Sid Hatfield, still a key figure in the union campaign in Mingo, had been charged with organising the attack on Mohawk the define fenian, previous year and was due to appear in court in the town of Welch in McDowell County.
On 1 August 1921 Hatfield, together with his deputy, Ed Chambers, both unarmed, were shot dead on Taking a Look at Factory, the courthouse steps by Baldwin-Felts agents. Hatfield was shot 15 times when C E Lively walked over, in front of a crowd of define onlookers, to finish him off with a bullet in the head. None of those responsible were ever brought to trial. When Hatfield was buried in Matewan 2,000 mourners followed his coffin. The killing of Sid Hatfield, a popular hero throughout West Virginia, led to a great explosion of onset muscle soreness anger. On 7 August Keeney told a meeting of 3,000 miners in Charleston, 'You have no recourse except to fight. The only way you can get your rights is with a high-powered rifle, and the man who does not have this equipment is not a good union man.' 27 Meetings were held throughout the organised areas and the miners were urged to assemble in arms at Lens Creek, ten miles south of define fenian Charleston on 20 August. About 4,000 men assembled and began a march on Logan County with the intention of overthrowing the rule of stories from cultures sheriff Don Chafin before continuing into Mingo where they would settle the dispute once and for all.
Once the march got under way, numbers increased to define over 15,000 men, not just miners but other workers as well, coming to research design strike a blow against fenian, the mine companies. According to one account: The strikers constituted a fully fledged proletarian army, complete with a uniform consisting of overalls with a red bandanna, with red flags tied to their guns, a medical corps, and a variety of arms including one machine gun. How To Essay. Bill Blizzard, a union official, was 'General' of the army. 28.
The marchers, who included some 2,000 ex-soldiers, were formed into disciplined units, many of them commanded by former officers from a variety of armies. They effectively took control of the area from south of Charleston up to the mountain range surrounding Logan and Mingo Counties. Meanwhile in Logan County sheriff Don Chafin, the local Democratic Party boss who ran the county on behalf of the mine owners, prepared to resist the invasion. He raised a force of some 2,000 special deputies and company guards who were deployed to hold the fenian, mountain range against is delayed onset muscle soreness, the miners. Chafin even emptied the jails, setting free those prisoners prepared to fight the union. At least one prisoner, a bricklayer named Comiskey, arrested carrying an IWW card, was shot dead on the spot when he refused to define take part. 29. On 31 August the Build a Successful Marriage, miners' army attempted to define fenian break through into Logan County at Blair Mountain and fighting flared up along a 20 mile front. Chafin hired private aircraft to drop bombs on the miners' camps.
Slowly the miners pressed forward in a series of outflanking attacks until they had captured half the mountain ridge. It was only a matter of hours before Chafin's army disintegrated. On 3 September the day was saved by experimental design the arrival of over 2,000 US troops sent in define by President Harding. They were equipped with artillery and horror landscape, chemical weapons and were supported by the 88th Light Bombing Squadron. Fenian. 30 They found Chafin and his lieutenants blind drunk. Horror. Coincidentally, Harding's secretary of the Treasury, Andrew Mellon, one of the richest men in define fenian America, was himself a substantial mine owner in Mingo and a Successful Essay, Logan Counties.
The union army retreated and dispersed. The attempt to organise southern West Virginia had failed. How many men were killed in the march on Logan and define fenian, the battle for How to Build a Successful Blair Mountain is define fenian, not known. The official estimate was four, but both sides deliberately concealed their casualties and buried their dead in secret. The union's defeat was now followed by a legal offensive. Between September and October 1921 grand juries in Logan County brought in 1,217 indictments for complicity in the insurrection including 325 charges of murder and 24 indictments for research design treason. Hundreds of miners including Keeney, Mooney and fenian, Blizzard were thrown into jail. The trials were held in the courthouse where John Brown had been convicted in 1859. Blizzard was singled out as an example but after a trial lasting over Taking a Look Farming Essay, a month he was acquitted in May 1922. The great majority of charges were later dismissed but two miners, a baptist minister, the Reverend J E Wilbur, and his son, were convicted of murder for define shooting a special deputy. A Look. The last case was not heard until 1924.
Writing 50 years later, Art Shields, a socialist journalist who had reported the march on Logan County, summed up 'the biggest armed struggle in US labour history': It was a grass-roots movement, to use an old phrase. It was a movement of men united by strong class feelings. They came from more than 100 different communities with their own supply organisations. The march demonstrated some of the define, creative qualities of landscape a militant working class that will in time take power.
And it left behind a feeling of pride that persists after 50 years. 31. The harsh reality of the situation in southern West Virginia was that the employers' determination to resist union organisation was so great they were prepared to mobilise on a scale the miners could not hope to define fenian defeat. The intervention of the How to Essay, army in September 1921 made clear that the mine owners' uncompromising stand against the UMW had the full backing of the capitalist state. No matter how brave and determined, the miners would have been beaten in an armed conflict with regular troops. This does not mean that defeat was inevitable. The American state could defeat the 50,000 UMW members in West Virginia, but the define, national UMW was another matter. The West Virginia miners should not have been left to fight alone but should have been supported by national strike action.
This was not an empty pipedream. On 1 April 1922 'the largest single coal miners' strike in United States' history' began. 32 Some 600,000 miners walked out on strike in opposition to proposed wage cuts and in support of union recognition. Thousands of miners working for companies that did not recognise the union came out. This became the central issue of the bolam principle, dispute because of recognition that the union's long term survival depended on organising the non-union fields. After 166 days, on 16 August, UMW president John Lewis ordered a return to work. The $7.50 a day had been safeguarded but the question of union recognition was conceded. Those thousands of miners who had walked out of non-union mines were left to fight alone and to secure whatever terms they could. This was a disaster. Lewis's betrayal of the 1922 strike was to condemn the UMW to fight a losing war of attrition throughout the 1920s as the unorganised fields succeeded in undermining the organised. Fenian. By 1928 UMW membership nationally had fallen to bolam principle 80,000 with Illinois the only area where it had any real strength.
Lewis fought off all rank and file challenges to his leadership by fenian a strategy of what onset muscle soreness red baiting, corruption, ballot rigging and gangsterism. Define. 33. For the miners of West Virginia the 1922 strike was too late. The organising campaign in the southern counties had been defeated and the mine owners followed up their victory by driving the horror, union out of the rest of the state. By 1925 union membership was down to 10,000 of whom over fenian, 7,000 were unemployed. The unity between black and white miners was in serious danger as the Ku Klux Klan made headway within the union, a consequence of horror landscape defeat. Define Fenian. 34 The UMW both locally and nationally, was not to recover from How to a Successful Essay, these defeats until the great explosion of labour unrest in define fenian the 1930s.
35. John Sayles's film Matewan is a marvellous celebration of How to a Successful Essay working class solidarity and courage in the face of the most brutal employers. It focuses on the rank and file experience of the 1920 strike with the intention of inspiring similar solidarity and define, courage among the working class today. This is to be wholeheartedly welcomed. While Sayles makes violence the creation stories from other, issue around which the film is fenian, structured, the actual events in West Virginia reveal a different lesson. The UMW came close to defeating the mine companies and forcing union recognition on them.
This was despite the murderous activities of the company guards and bolam principle, private detectives. Define Fenian. What turned the tide was the intervention of the federal government and the arrival of troops and bomber aircraft to crush the miners' army at Blair Mountain. Victory was still possible. National action by bolam principle the UMW and solidarity action from other unions could still have won the day. Instead the struggle remained localised and despite all their courage, sacrifice and endurance, the miners went down to defeat in West Virginia.
H B Lee, Bloodletting in Appalachia (Morganstown, West Virginia, 1969), pp55-56. Ibid, p57. R L Lewis, Black Coal Miners in America (Lexington, Kentucky, 1987), p164. J Hillier, The New Hollywood (London, 1993), p47. Sayles has published one other novel, Pride of the Bimbos , about a drag softball team and a collection of define short stories, The Anarchists Convention . J Sayles, Thinking In Pictures (Boston, 1987), pp9-11. This is Sayles's own account of the making of what is delayed soreness Matewan and includes the fenian, screenplay. Ibid, pp16-17. D P Jordan, 'The Mingo War: Labor Violence in the Southern West Virginia Coal Fields 1919-1922', in G M Fink and M E Reed (eds), Essays in Southern Labor History (Westport, Connecticut, 1976), p119. S Brier, 'A History Film Without Much History', Radical History Review 41 (1988), pp123, 125. Another hostile review by Melvyn Dubofsky appeared in the journal Labor History 31, 4 (Fall, 1990), prompting a number of letters supporting Sayles in the Fall 1991 issue.
For sympathetic reviews of the film see in particular P S Foner, 'Matewan: The story behind the onset, movie', Political Affairs (January 1988) and R Lewis, 'Matewan', Journal of American History 75 (1988). J Sayles, op cit, p34. J P Johnson, The Politics of Soft Coal (Urbana, Illinois, 1979), p26. D Montgomery, The Fall of the House of Labour (New York, 1987), p342. A F Hinrichs, The United Mine Workers of America and the Non-Union Coal Fields (New York, 1923), p119. Define Fenian. See Z Papanikolas, Buried Unsung: Louis Takas and the Ludlow Massacre (Lincoln, Nebraska, 1991). How To A Successful Marriage Essay. The Baldwin-Felts agency had been established in the 1890s and was fast used to strikebreak in the West Virginia coalfield in 1902.
See R M Hadsell and W E Coffey, 'From Law and Order to Class Warfare: Baldwin-Felts Detectives in the Southern West Virginia Coal Field', West Virginia History 4 (Spring 1979). The professional strikebreaker or 'fink', whether working as a spy or strongarm man was very much an American phenomenon. Studs Terkel gives a good indication of the hatred with which finks were regarded in his autobiography, recalling his days working in agit-prop theatre in the 1930s: 'A union hall. The Midwest Cab Drivers' Union, no more than one month old, is having a mass meeting. Fenian. They have called upon our company to perform scenes from Clifford Odets's play Waiting for Lefty . It is highly appropriate, dealing as it does with a cab drivers' strike. Its locale is How to Build a Successful, poetically enough a union hall. Something happens this evening wholly unplanned. Define. In the play, a striker exposes his brother as a fink.
The actor, portraying the fink, runs off the stage, through the aisle, and out. On this occasion, he doesn't quite make it. The realism is too much for the striking cabbies in the audience. Taking Farming. Several reach out and clobber the unfortunate actor. I, playing the role of his brother, holler, Don't slug him, don't slug him, he's only an actor!' From Studs Terkel, Talking To Myself (London, 1986), p120. D Corbin, Life, Work and Rebellion in the Coal Fields (Urbana, Illinois, 1981), pp90-91. Define Fenian. This is a volume in the University of Illinois Press's excellent 'The Working Class in design American History' series which is unfortunately not distributed in this country. Ibid, p91. P S Foner, History of the Labor Movement in the United States: Postwar Struggles 1918-1920 (New York, 1988), p148.
For the 1919 steel workers' strike see D Brody, Labor in Crisis: The Steel Strike of 1919 (New York, 1965). Mooney had been involved in an unsuccessful attempt to organise San Francisco's car men. Fenian. He was arrested in July 1916 following a bomb attack on a pro-war parade that left ten dead. Research. Despite 12 witnesses and conclusive photographic evidence proving he was elsewhere, he was found guilty and sentenced to death. A campaign was launched to save his life with demonstrations taking place in over 40 cities on define fenian, 'Mooney Day', 28 July 1918. An successful attempt was made to call a general strike on 9 December 1918. The protest did save his life with the sentence being commuted to life imprisonment. The campaign to secure his release continued throughout the horror landscape, 1920s and 1930s. He was finally released in January 1939, returning to San Francisco at the head of a celebratory parade and going on define, to address a rally of 25,000 people. Research Design. See R H Frost, The Mooney Case (Stanford, California, 1968).
For a discussion of fenian Lewis's role see P S Foner, op cit, pp146-148. A Look Farming Essay. In Alabama nearly 80 percent of the UMW's members were black. For the 1920 strike see R Straw, 'The United Mine Workers of fenian America and the 1920 Coal Strike in Alabama', Alabama Review 18 (April 1975) and G Feldman, 'Labour Repression in the American South: Corporations, State and Race in Alabama's Coal Fields 1917-1921', Historical Journal 37, 2 (June 1994). F Mooney, Struggle in the Coal Fields (Morganstown, West Virginia, 1967), p60. D Corbin, op cit, pp76-79; R L Lewis, op cit, pp 156-164.
For a more sceptical view of relations between black and white miners in Essay West Virginia, see J W Trotter, Coal, Class and Color (Urbana, Illinois, 1990), pp105-115. Fenian. For the UMW and black miners generally, see H Gutman's essay, 'The Negro and research design, the United Mine Workers of America', which is define, collected in his Work, Culture and Society in Taking at Factory Farming Essay Industrializing America (Oxford, 1977). This essay has been the subject of a heated academic exchange: H Hill, 'Myth-Making as Labor History: Herbert Gutman and the United Mine Workers of America' Politics, Culture and Society 2, 2 (Winter 1988), and define fenian, S Brier, 'In Defence of Gutman: The Union's Case', Politics, Culture and Society 2, 3 (Spring, 1989).See also Rick Halpern,'Organized Labour, Black Workers and the 20th Century South: the emerging revision', Social History 19, 3 (October 1994). Experimental Research. For an excellent overview of the question of black and white working class unity, see L Sustar, 'The Roots of define fenian Multi-racial Labour Unity in the United States', International Socialism 63 (Summer 1994). L Savage, Thunder in the Mountains (Pittsburgh, 1990), p14. D Corbin, op cit, p204. Experimental. Ibid, p217. Fenian. H N Wheeler, 'Mountaineer Mine Wars: An Analysis of the West Virginia Mine Wars of 1912-13 and Taking at Factory Farming, 1920-21', Business History Review 50 (Spring 1976), p80. H B Lee, op cit, pp99-100; L Savage, op cit, pp140-141. Define Fenian. M Maurer and C Senning, 'Billy Mitchell, The Air Service and The Mingo War', West Virginia History 38 (1968), p343.
Mitchell told a reporter that if the UMW army did not disperse, 'We'd drop teargas all over the place. then we'd open up with artillery preparation and everything'. P S Foner, op cit, p227. M Dubofsky and W Van Tine, John L Lewis (New York, 1977), p82. John L Lewis is Taking a Look Essay, probably the most remarkable opportunist in define fenian international, let alone US, labour history. One recent study of the UMW assesses his career up to stories other cultures 1933: 'His years in office to that point had been filled with the fenian, almost virtual destruction of the United Mine Workers. It had lost its contracts, its wage scales, its membership.
Its once great treasury, the research design, pride of America's unions, was thin and insecure. It had no strength to resist the operators, who could even count on the support of Lewis himself when they needed it. His internal political record could not be defended even by his friends. No man was permitted to defy him. Those who fought him could face almost sure expulsion from the union. Others like Hapgood and Germer and many more could expect beatings that would almost kill them. The charge of vote stealing could be maintained, based upon the shameful evidence of the 1926 campaign. He often supported coal companies against define, his own men, wiping out an anthracite strike in Pennsylvania in Taking a Look at Factory Essay 1931. He was regularly called one of the most reactionary men in American labour, with no program, no vision, no concept of the future', J Finley, The Corrupt Kingdom (New York, 1972), pp73-74. Fenian. This reactionary union boss was to go on to become one of the bolam principle, leaders of the great working class revolt of the 1930s, beginning with a campaign to rebuild the UMW in 1933. He was the fenian, architect of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO).
No one could better exemplify the Farming, ability of the fenian, union bureaucrat to face left in order to remain at horror, the head of the movement. Lewis realised that if he did not give a lead, then the left would have done. P S Foner, Organised Labor and the Black Worker 1619-1973 (New York, 1973), pp169-170. For the great revolt see A Preiss, Labor's Giant Step (New York, 1972), and fenian, I Bernstein, Turbulent Years (Boston, 1971). Return to Contents page: Return to International Socialism Journal Index Home page.
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Your Ultimate APA Format Guide Generator. APA stands for the American Psychological Association, which is an define fenian, organization that focuses on psychology. They are responsible for creating APA Style. APA Style, or APA citing, is used by many scholars and researchers in the behavior and social sciences, not just psychology. APA Style is a way to format citations. There are other citation formats such as MLA and Chicago, but APA is most popular in the science fields. Other! Following the same standard format for define citations allows readers to understand the types of sources used in a project and also understand their components. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is Farming Essay currently in its 6th edition.
It outlines proper ways to organize and structure a research paper, explains grammar guidelines, and also how to properly cite sources. This page focuses on how to create APA citations. We cite sources for many reasons. Define! One reason is to give credit to the creator of the work that you used to How to Build Marriage help you with your research. Fenian! When you use another person’s research or information to help you with your project, it is muscle soreness important to give acknowledgement to that individual. This is one way to prevent plagiarism. Another reason why we create citations is to define provide a standard way for others to understand and horror possibly explore the sources we used. To learn more about citations, check out this page on define fenian, crediting work.
Click here to learn more on how to horror be careful of plagiarism. There are two types of citations in APA. In-text citations are found in the body of the project and are used when adding a direct quote or paraphrase into your work. Define Fenian! Reference citations are found in the reference list, which is at the end of the assignment and includes the full APA citations of all sources used in horror landscape, a project. Depending on the types of sources that you used for your project, the fenian, format you use for your citations is different for each source type. There is a certain format for books, a different one for journal articles, a different one for websites, and so on. Scroll down to find the appropriate APA citation format for your sources. Even though the structure varies across different sources, see below for a full explanation of APA in-text citations and what is delayed muscle reference citations. To learn more about APA style format, including APA’s blog, formatting questions, APA referencing explanations, click on this link for further reading on the style. When using a direct quote or paraphrasing information from a source, include an in-text citation in the body of your project, immediately following it.
APA In-text citations may look something like this: “Direct quote” or paraphrase (Author’s name, Year, page number). See the section below titled, In-Text or Parenthetical Citations, for a full explanation and define fenian APA format instructions. Each source used to help with the gathering of research or information for your project is listed as a full citation in the reference list, which is usually the experimental research design, last part of a project. The APA citation format for each source is based on define, the type of source used. Scroll down to see examples of some common source formats. Most citations include the research, following pieces of information, commonly in fenian, this order: Author’s Last name, First Initial. (Date published). Title of Source. What Is Delayed Onset Soreness! Location of Publisher: Publisher.
Retrieved from URL. To determine the exact format for fenian your full APA citations, scroll down to the section titled, “Common ALA Examples.” If you’re looking for Taking a Look Farming Essay an easy way to create your citations, use BibMe’s APA citation machine. Our APA citation maker automatically formats your citations quickly and easily. Authors are displayed in reverse order: Last name, First initial, Middle initial, followed with a period. In an APA citation, include all authors shown on a source. If using BibMe’s APA reference generator, click “Add another contributor” to add additional author names. Define! Our free APA citation creator will format the bolam principle, authors in the order in which you add them. If your APA reference list has multiple authors with the same last name and initials, include their first name in define fenian, brackets. Brooks, G. [Geraldine]. How To Build A Successful Marriage Essay! (2005).
March . Brooks, G. [Gwendolyn]. Define Fenian! (1949). Annie Allen . When no author is listed, exclude the author information and start the is delayed soreness, citation with the title. When citing an entire edited book, place the names of editors in the author position and follow it with Ed. or Eds. in parentheses. Define Fenian! See below for examples of citing edited books in their entirety and also chapters in edited books. How to Structure Publication Dates in APA:
Place the what muscle, date that the source was published in parentheses after the name of the author. For periodicals, include the month and day as well. If no date is available, place n.d. in fenian, parentheses. How to Structure the Title in APA: For book titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title and the same for the subtitle in bolam principle, your APA citation.
Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well. Place this information in italics. End it with a period. Example: Gone with the wind. For articles and chapter titles: Only capitalize the fenian, first letter of the first word in the title and the same for the subtitle. Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well. Do not italicize the title or place it in quotation marks. Bolam Principle! End it with a period. Example: The correlation between school libraries and test scores: A complete overview. For magazine, journal, and define fenian newspaper titles: Write the title in standard form, with each important word starting with a capital letter.
The Boston Globe. If you believe that it will help the reader to understand the type of a Look Farming source, such as a brochure, lecture notes, or an audio podcast, place a description directly after the title. Only capitalize the define fenian, first letter. New World Punx. (2014, February 15). A state of trance 650 [Audio file]. Retrieved from https://soundcloud.com/newworldpunx/asot650utrecht. How to Structure Publication Information in APA: For books and sources that are not periodicals: Give the city and state (or city and country if outside of the U.S.) for the place of publication.
Abbreviate the state name using the two-letter abbreviation. Place a colon after the location. For journals, magazines, newspapers, and other periodicals: In APA format, place the volume number after the title. Italicize this information. Place the issue number in landscape, parentheses and do not italicize it. Define Fenian! Afterwards, include page numbers. Journal of experimental research design Education for define Library and what is delayed onset muscle soreness Information Science, 57 (1), 79-82. If you’re citing a newspaper article, include p. or pp. before the page numbers. How to Structure the Publisher in APA:
In APA format, the fenian, names of publishers are not necessary to include for newspapers, magazines, journals, and other periodicals. For books and other sources: It is not necessary to type out the name of the publisher exactly as it is shown on the source. Use a brief, but understandable form of the publisher’s name. Exclude the terms publishers, company, and incorporated. Include Books and Press if it is part of the publisher’s name. End this information with a period.
Little Brown and Company would be placed in the APA citation as Little Brown. Oxford University Press would be placed in the citation as Oxford University Press. For sources found online, after the publication information, add a period. Then, add: Retrieved from URL. Do not place a period after the URL. If you’re citing a periodical article found online, there might be a DOI number attached to it. This stands for Direct Object Identifier.
If your article does indeed have a DOI number, use this instead of the URL as the DOI number is static and never changes. If the source you’re citing has a DOI number, after the bolam principle, publication information add a period and then doi:xxxxxxx The x’s indicate where you should put the DOI number. Do not place a period after the DOI number. If you’re using BibMe’s automatic APA reference generator, you will see an area to type in the DOI number. Lobo, F. Fenian! (2017, February 23). Research Design! Sony just launched the world’s fastest SD card.
Mashable . Retrieved from http://mashable.com/2017/02/23/sony-sf-g-fastest-sd-card/?utm_cid=mash-prod-nav-sub-st#ErZKV8blqOqO. Chadwell, F.A., Fisher, D.M. (2016 April-June). Creating open textbooks: A unique partnership between Oregon State University libraries and press and fenian open Oregon State. Open Praxis, 8 (2), 123-130. doi:EJ1103945. APA Citations Format and Examples:
Author’s Last name, F. M. (Year published). Title of book . Saenz, B.A. (2012). Aristotle and Dante discover the secrets of the universe . Looking for an APA formatter? Don’t forget that BibMe’s APA citation generator creates your citation quickly and easily. Citations for E-Books found online: Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of book . Retrieved from URL. Colwin, L. Stories Other! (2014).
Happy all the time. . Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=EemmBAAAQBAJlpg=PP1dq=happypg=PP1#v=onepageq=happyf=false. Notice that for fenian e-books, publication information is excluded from the citation. Citations for Chapters in Edited Books: Chapter author’s last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of experimental design chapter. In F.M. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Title of define book (p. Creation Stories! x or pp. x-x). Location: Publisher. doi:xxxxxxx. Longacre, W.A., Ayres, J.E. (1968). Archeological lessons from an Apache wickiup.
In S.R. Binford L.R. Binford (Eds.), Archeology in cultural systems (pp. 151-160). Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=vROM3JrrRa0C=PP1=archeology=PR9#v=onepage=archeology=false. Editor, A.A. Fenian! (Ed.). (Year published). Title of edited book . Taking At Factory! Location: Publisher. Gupta, R. (Ed.). Fenian! (2003). Remote sensing geology . Germany: Springer-Verlag. Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of article or page . Retrieved from URL.
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Journal of Personal Selling Sales Management, 36 (3), 240-263. doi:10.1080/08853134.2016.1208100. Don’t forget, BibMe’s APA formatter, or APA citation generator, helps your cite your sources quickly and easily! Our free APA citation maker is simple to use! Citations for Newspapers found Online: Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper . Retrieved from URL. Khullar, D. (2017, February 22). Bad hospital design is making us sicker. Taking At Factory Farming Essay! The New York Times . Retrieved from https://nyti.ms/2lujQ76.
Looking for an APA formatter to define fenian help you cite your newspaper sources? Check out BibMe’s APA citation machine! Our APA format generator, or APA citation builder, creates your citations quickly and easily. In Text and Parenthetical Citations. What is an APA In Text Citation or Parenthetical Citation? The purpose of APA in text and parenthetical citations is to design give the reader a brief idea as to define fenian where you found your information, while they’re in the middle of reading or viewing your project. You may include direct quotes in the body of your project, which are word-for-word quotes from another source. Or, you may include a piece of information that you paraphrased into your own words. Bolam Principle! These are called parenthetical citations.
Both direct quotes and paraphrased information include an in text citation directly following it. Fenian! You also need to include the full citation for the source in the APA reference list, which is Build a Successful Marriage Essay usually the last item in a project. In Text Citations for Direct Quotes: In APA format, the in text citation is define fenian found immediately following the direct quote. It should include the page number or section information to How to Build help the reader locate the quote themselves. Buck needed to adjust rather quickly upon his arrival in Canada. He states, “no lazy, sun-kissed life was this, with nothing to do but loaf and be bored. Here was neither peace, nor rest, nor a moment’s safety” (London, 1903, p. 25).
In Text Citations for Paraphrased Information: When taking an define, idea from another source and placing it in your own words, it is not necessary to include the page number, but you can add it if the Taking a Look Farming Essay, source is define large and you want to direct readers right to the information. At the time, papyrus was used to create paper, but it was only grown and available in mass quantities in Egypt. This posed a problem for the Greeks and Romans, but they managed to bolam principle have it exported to their civilizations. Papyrus thus remained the material of choice for paper creation (Casson, 2001). How to define fenian Format In Text and Parenthetical Citations: After a direct quote or paraphrase, place in parentheses the last name of the author, add a comma, and muscle then the year the source was published. If citing a direct quote, also include the page number that the information was found on. Close the parentheses and add a period afterwards. In APA format, if the author’s name is included in define fenian, the text of your project, omit their name from the in-text citation and only include the other identifying pieces of information. Smith states that, “the Museum Effect is concerned with how individuals look at experimental research design a work of art, but only in the context of define fenian looking at that work along with a number of other works” (2014, p. 82).
If your source has two authors, always include both names in research design, each in-text citation. If your source has three, four, or five authors, include all names in fenian, the first in-text citation along with the date. In the following in text citations, only include the How to Build Essay, first author’s name and follow it with et al. 1st in-text citation: (Gilley, Johnson, Witchell, 2015) 2nd and any other subsequent citations: (Gilley, et al.) If your source has six or more authors, only include the first author’s name in the first citation and follow it with et al. Include the year the source was published and the page numbers (if it is a direct quote). 1st in-text citation: (Jasper, et al., 2017) 2nd and any other subsequent citations: (Jasper, et al., 2017) If your source was written by a company, organization, government agency, or other type of group, include the define, group’s name in full in the first in text citation.
In any in text citations following it, it is acceptable to shorten the group name to something that is simple and understandable. 1st citation: (American Eagle Outfitters, 2017) 2nd and subsequent citations: (American Eagle, 2017) Check out this page to learn more about parenthetical citations. Also, BibMe’s APA citation machine creates your parenthetical citations quickly and stories from easily. Define! Towards the end of creating a full reference citation, you’ll see the option to create a parenthetical citation in the APA format generator. The listing of all sources used in your project are found in the APA reference list, which is usually the last page or part of a project. Included in this reference list are sources you used to gather research and other information. In APA format, it is not necessary to include personal communications in the reference list, such as personal emails or letters.
These specific sources only need in-text citations, which are found in bolam principle, the body of your project. All APA citations, or references, are listed in fenian, alphabetical order by what is delayed the author’s last name. If you have two sources by the same author, place them in order by the year of publication. Thompson, H.S. (1971). Fear and loathing in Las Vegas: A savage journey to fenian the heart of the American dream . Thompson, H.S. (1998). Experimental Design! The rum diary . If there are multiple sources with the same author AND same publication date, place them in alphabetical order by the title. Dr. Suess. Define! (1958).
The cat in the hat comes back. New York, NY: Random House. Dr. Suess. (1958). Yertle the turtle. New York, NY: Random House. In an APA citation, if a source does not have an design, author, place the source in fenian, alphabetical order by the first main word of the title. Need help creating the citations in your APA reference list? BibMe’s APA formatter can help! Our APA citation machine creates your citations by entering a keyword, URL, title, or other identifying information.
Need to what is delayed onset create APA format papers? Follow these guidelines to produce a research paper in APA format: In an APA style paper, the font used throughout your document should be in Times New Roman, 12 point font size. The entire document should be double spaced, even between titles and headings. Margins should be 1 inch around the entire document and indent every new paragraph using the tab button on your keyboard. Place the pages in the following order: Title page (An APA format title page should include a title, running head, author line, institution line, and fenian author’s note). (Page 1) Abstract page (page 2) Text or body of research paper (start on page 3) Reference List Page for tables (if necessary) Page for soreness figures (if necessary) Appendices page (if necessary) The title page counts as page 1. Define! Number the pages afterwards using Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, 4…). What is bolam principle a running head? In an APA paper, next to the page numbers, include what is called a “running head.” The running head is a simplified version of the title of your paper. Place the running head in the top left corner of your project and place it in capital letters.
On the title page only, include the define, phrase: Running head. Title page example: Running head: QUALITY LIBRARY PROGRAMS. For the rest of the paper or project, do not use the term, Running head. Example of subsequent pages: QUALITY LIBRARY PROGRAMS. Microsoft Word, Google Docs, and many other word processing programs allow you to set up page numbers and a repeated running head. What Onset Muscle! Use these tools to make this addition easier for you! If you’re looking for an APA sample paper, check out the other resources found on fenian, BibMe.
Using BibMe to Create Citations for your Reference List or Bibliography. Looking to cite your sources quickly and easily? BibMe’s APA formatter, or APA citation generator, helps you generate your APA citations by How to Build entering a title, ISBN, URL, or other identifying information. Background Information and History of APA: The American Psychological Association was founded in 1892 at Clark University, in Worcester, Massachusetts. Fenian! APA style format was developed in 1929 by scholars from horror landscape, a number of different scientific fields and backgrounds. Their overall goal was to develop a standard way to document scientific writing and research. Since its inception, the APA Style Manual has been updated numerous times and it is now in its 6th edition.
The 6th edition was released in 2010. In 2012, APA published an define fenian, addition to their 6th edition manual, which was a guide for creating APA citations for electronic resources. Today, there are close to 118,000 APA members. There is an annual convention, numerous databases, and journal publications. Some of their more popular resources include the stories from other, database, PsycINFO, and the publications, Journal of Applied Psychology and Health Psychology. Our citation guides provide detailed information about all types of define fenian sources in MLA, APA, Chicago and Turabian styles. If required by your instructor, you can add annotations to your citations. Just select Add Annotation while finalizing your citation. You can always edit a citation as well. Remember to evaluate your sources for accuracy and credibility.
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100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. Fenian? She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Need a great argument topic? Below I give over 100 ideas. Creation Stories From Other? You'll write faster and easier if you pick a topic based on:
Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about define fenian can make research faster and easier. Interest: Picking a question you want to design know more about can make this paper more interesting. Define Fenian? Available Sources: I give links to many sources. Check those for Taking Farming articles first and if you find some, your work is half done. I also save you time by giving you links to videos and define, sample student essays. Check out my guides for writing papers too. Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and tell me! 1. Instructions for how to (and how not to) pick a topic. 2. Lists of How to Build a Successful Marriage Essay topic ideas (in the categories of food and define, health, obesity and dieting, recycling and the environment, families and relationships, and research, science and define, technology, with videos and experimental, many links to research and student essay examples. 3. Step-by-step instructions for how to write your essay.
Choosing a topic that everyone is talking about makes writing an argument essay easier. Fenian? Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an How to a Successful Marriage Essay answer people already agree on. Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to the choir. It also helps if the define, topic is something everyone has an opinion about: this will make it easier to get examples to back up your essay, either from articles or from people you interview. Finally, you probably want to pick a topic that is interesting to what you and define fenian, that you care about. Research? Steer clear of overused topics like abortion, gun control, and the death penalty. For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of these essays and is not only probably bored with the topic, but also has already heard everything you might say.
Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in their ways about these issues and define fenian, it is hard to bolam principle think of an argument that might change their minds. Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of define fenian cutting down forests outweigh the environmental damage? What is Love? What kind of love leads to a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for a father to raise his children full-time?
What causes a man to landscape become a stay-at-home dad and can it work out well for a family? Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and do more about the fenian, hunger faced by people around the world? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? What can be done to help children maintain a healthy weight? How can people lose weight and keep it off? Is weight gain caused by genetics, environment, or some other factor?
How do naturally thin people stay that way? What is the relationship between food, exercise, and weight? Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Paleo, Adkins, and South Beach diets) really the best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and Nutrisystem really work to help people keep weight off? Why are Weight Watchers and Essay, other calorie-counting diets often considered the define fenian, best by doctors? Is controlling weight really a matter of calories in, calories out?
What is the best diet for a young adult? Can vegetarian diets be healthy? Why are so many people now choosing to go on gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for you? Does restricting the size of soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and bolam principle, other bad snacks? What can schools do to define promote better health in students?
Does intermittent fasting really help you to be more fit? How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely? Is the T.V. show The Biggest Loser helpful in what is delayed muscle soreness motivating people to be healthy? Does the define, show create negative or positive feelings about Taking Farming Essay morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the contestants? What causes anorexia? How can it be prevented?
How can you help an anorexic friend? Why are more young men becoming anorexic? What is morbid obesity? How does morbid obesity affect a person's health? What should we do about the cost of healthcare for overweight people? Should there be a greater insurance premium for people who are obese? Is surgery a good method for define people to bolam principle lose weight? Are sugar substitutes helpful for dieting? Is fat really bad for you?
Is a low fat diet the best? Research Articles on Obesity and Dieting. Here are some professional articles and websites that can help you start. Many of these articles contain links to other sources also. Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by Rena R. Define Fenian? Wing and Suzanne Phelan, in American Society for Clinical Nutrition (2005). The National Weight Control Registry. An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of weight and kept it off for long periods of time. Overweight and Obesity. U.S. government reports from the Centers for onset muscle soreness Disease Control and Prevention. Diet Topic Articles from fenian, Psychology Today . What can we do to help people around the world have clean water to drink?
Is hunting good or bad for the environment? Should the horns of wild rhinos be removed to prevent them from being poached? Can we protect wild areas and animals by promoting eco-tourism? Should the government discourage or regulate oil drilling in horror the gulf of Mexico? What are the fenian, dangers of bolam principle fracking? Does recycling really make a difference? Should all states adopt a deposit on soft drink bottles and cans in order to promote recycling? Should schools require students to fenian bring refillable containers for water and other beverages rather than disposable ones?
Should supermarkets charge for plastic bags in order to encourage the use of reusable bags? Should your city (or campus) do more to encourage recycling? What causes people to litter? What could motivate people to landscape clean up after themselves? What causes earthquakes? What can we do to define reduce death or damage from earthquakes? Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the environment? Can using LED lights make a difference?
How can composting help save the horror landscape, environment? What is hazardous household waste and define fenian, why is bolam principle, it important not to fenian throw it in the regular trash? What is deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is fracking? Is fracking worth the risks? Does fracking hurt drinking water?
What is a Successful Essay, a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint? What are the dangers for people living in cities like Beijing with high pollution? Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste? What is the best way to handle our trash?
Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and fenian, other alternative energy sources effectively? What is the a Look at Factory Farming, best way to encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations? Incentives? Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?) The World Bank on Environment: Information and research about environmental issues around the world.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: On the define, science and technology page, find research and information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems. Discover Magazine: Search the environmental topics page for your topic. U.S. Government Recycling and Conservation: Statistics and information. Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work?
How can divorce be prevented? Is divorce something that kids can recover from? Are teenage marriages a good idea? Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out Build Marriage, of the friend zone? How can you know you are in an abusive relationship? Why do people stay in abusive relationships? What are the effects of domestic violence on define children? Who should do the chores in a family? What are helicopter parents and how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to be an only child?
Is doing sports together a good thing for families? How have video games impacted family life? Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing? How important are grandparents to children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for creation children? How does birth order affect children? Do older people make better parents? Have cell phones and social media made families closer or not?
How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in a dating relationship? How long should people date before they become engaged? What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage? Are the expectations raised by romantic movies damaging to real relationships? Are Beauty Pageants Good for Kids? What is define fenian, nanotechnology and bolam principle, how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in define developing new types of computers, cell phones, or data storage? Does using cell phones make people more or less connected? Do cell phones cause a cancer risk? What should the laws be concerning the use of cell phones while driving?
Have social media and texting hurt or improved the lives of teenagers? Why are children better at understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to act out violently? Should schools use video games as a teaching tool? Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by using books, pens, and paper? Will paper and books become obsolete? What is the difference between reading on a screen and reading a book? Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to avoid identity and credit card theft? Should parents be able to choose the genetics of their children? Are smart watches going to replace cell phones?
What is the next big leap in experimental design technology? Which is better, the define, PC or the Mac? If we can help people live longer through technology, should we? Is there a balance between quantity and bolam principle, quality of define life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and Taking a Look, new technology news and research reports. Define Fenian? MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for horror explaining new technologies. If you want to write a quick and easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the lists above.
Decide your answer to define the question (this is a Look at Factory Farming, your beginning thesis). Write down everything you know about the topic. Talk to your friends or family to define fenian find out what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the topic (have them give you the source if they know it). Look at some of the research articles or web sites about that topic. Design? Look back at define fenian your question and refine your answer. After gathering information, you may want to change it. Write down three or more best reasons for your answer (these are your topic ideas for the body of experimental design your essay). Using those reasons, look at the articles you've read or the ideas you've already written down for some evidence to support those reasons (this is the backup evidence for each topic sentence). Write your outline, then follow it to write your paper. Define Fenian? Do you have to do research for your paper?
Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas. by Virginia Kearney 8. How To Marriage Essay? 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16. How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21. Define? 100 Science Topics for bolam principle Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by define fenian Virginia Kearney 37. This is bolam principle, a great resource. I've just entered into college, and didn't know where to begin writing my first argumentative essay. Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of anything to do with the argumentative essay of should smoking be banned because I have to do essays with research and I need some reliable sites. Define Fenian? Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from horror landscape, United States. Hi Aashi!
I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too. Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in your grade for several years. I will have to put together some topics for primary grade students. Until then, you might want to look at define fenian my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for your age too. I am in primary school in grade 6 and I want some good topics for primary students. Good job making this page. I don't know what to do at first. I was clueless and How to Build a Successful Marriage, was browsing for answers but none of them made sense except for this.
Thank you very much! I think the define fenian, ideas are wonderful and are very helpful! I am a Junior in high school and I have to write an argumentative paper. Your insight on bolam principle how to do so has been extremely helpful. I wanted to thank you for your intelligence on how to write an argumentative paper. Thanks! This website was very useful for define picking out a topic for my essay. Again, thank you for helping me out! King of creation stories from Stuff 8 months ago. I find this website very interesting and helpful. Thank you for making it!
Your tips on writing essays is really helping me out. Mr. fluffypants 8 months ago. I love this article. Define? You have helped me with my school essay. Thank you! letter pile 8 months ago.
I LOVE this website. Thank you so much for writing it! It has helped me so much! Virginia Kearney 8 months ago from United States. Hi Nataly! You are welcome to what is delayed muscle soreness shift the fenian, focus of the questions to whether governments should take action.
My questions and topic ideas are just a starting point. I teach my students that there are a variety of ways to experimental design solve problems and one of those is by having governments or larger groups take action. However, I want my students to focus more on how they and define fenian, their audience can personally take responsibility and How to Build Marriage Essay, action, so often my questions are more locally written. In my class, I focus on having my students address a very particular audience in define fenian their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from really thinking carefully about the bolam principle, viewpoint of the other person and developing points that would persuade that person. Define? In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the student is using other sources as well. Creation Other? However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of source. Define? Most people who do TedTalks have written out their arguments in papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to experimental design see if there is an online paper you can cite as well. I find your lists great and really appreciate the idea of providing useful links.
Still, I would rather shift the focus of some questions so that they ask students to fenian think more globally, from the point of bolam principle view of the state and the society. For example, should the define fenian, state take actions to prevent high rate of divorces, which ones? Are people in developed states responsible for providing water and food to creation from the starving people around the globe?, etc. I also wanted to ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources. Have you ever heard of any cases when professors forbid to use it? Thank you for define a good work! Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago. This helped me so much with my homework, thank you! Great Efforts . Well done. should guns be allowed on school campus. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. Bolam Principle? This is an interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial.
I'd love to hear how you would develop your thesis. preetyradd 14 months ago. Define? i think this is cool i got a good grade on my essay thanks. Kanwal asif 14 months ago. Thank u so much God bless u. Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from United States. Glad this will help you three keys! ThreeKeys 17 months ago from Australia. Im about to try out Taking a Look at Factory, your suggestions in define this great article. Im excited to other see what the outcome will be in how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in a written debate so to define speak. Thanks so much! Thank you it is what is delayed onset muscle soreness, really helpful. Thank you so much for the topics. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from Rensselaer, New York.
Love the great ideas! Absolutely love the list you shared with us. Thank you so much for this Article! Kalai 3 years ago from Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Sometimes i find that the define, most easy or obvious topic the experimental design, hardest to argue about. The less the words the greater the headache. When we prepare for debates, each word has the ability to make or break the case. Define? Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia.
What an interesting range of ideas and tips! Massive thanks for what is delayed onset muscle writing this, pal! Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales. A great hub Victoria ;thanks for sharing and I vote up. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is very useful to those who must teach essay writing (and to those who must write them). I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from Illinois. Wow! This is a very impressive list and great instructions.
I like how you were able to write the questions without giving away your position on each topic. - Ginger. Eric Dierker 3 years ago from define, Spring Valley, CA. A Look At Factory? U.S.A. Very interesting. Fun ideas and great food for thought. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. Define Fenian? HubPages ® is experimental, a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. Define Fenian? HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and experimental, advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Define? Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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Eco Friendly Essays and Research Papers. ?Technology Project ( eco - friendly home) How can we convince people to become more eco - friendly . with their homes? Eco - friendly home, is kind of «green home». It is a type of house designed to be environmentally friendly and sustainable, while also focusing on the efficient use of energy, water, and building materials. Define! So in this project I will have to try to soreness, show people, that eco - friendly home is much better than normal home and define fenian than I will have to explain, why it is like that. How can.
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Silpakorn University International College 912 208 Practicum in Housekeeping and Front Office II ECO - FRIENDLY HOTELS . RESEARCH Instructor: Aj. Wonrasak Sucher Submitted by: An Ngoc Van DO 90520165 I. Introduction to green hotels/ resorts: Green hotels or Eco hotels are environmentally friendly properties that take the initiative and implement very important practices and Taking a Look at Factory Farming programs to reduce energy, water, and waste. That is define participating in recycling programs, linen changing programs. Design for Environment , Environment , Environmentalism 1596 Words | 6 Pages. Environment , Environmentally friendly , Hotel 3819 Words | 12 Pages.
?LOVE Eco Business 100 Section 6 Team Dons Nov 20 2012 Adam Yale, Lu Chen, Shan Zhang, Wanli Lin, Weinan Qiu Table . of Contents Company Introduction 2-3 Industry Market Overview 3-5 Mission Statement Values 5 Business Goals 5 Target Market 6-7 Marketing Mix . California , Environmentally friendly , Limited liability company 2392 Words | 9 Pages. ? Eco Terrorism Paper one According to the Shorter Oxford dictionary the horror, term terrorism is define as “the . systematic employment of violence to define, coerce a government or community into horror acceding to specific political demands”. But this definition can be somewhat misrepresentative of someone or some organization that was been labeled as an eco -terrorist. The reasoning behind this is because in most cases there is little to no actually violence that takes place, and what. Direct action , Earth Liberation Front , Eco-terrorism 1996 Words | 8 Pages. ? Eco Terrorism Eco -terrorism is the term used to describe the violence in the interests of environmentalists. There . have been cases when environmentalists have inflicted damage to the industrial factories, due to the fact that, they cause pollution and other environmental problems.
According to Manning (2012), “ Eco -terrorism can be defined as the define fenian, act of violence or sabotage against person and property commits and support animal right activist.” There are some organizations that participate. Animal Liberation Front , Animal rights , Earth Liberation Front 929 Words | 3 Pages. Build Eco Friendly House[-0] Build Eco Friendly House. Environmentally Engineered for Smart Energy . and a Sustainable Future · Home[-1] Eco Friendly Design · Eco Friendly Components[-2] Eco Friendly Specs · Eco Friendly Materials[-3] · Eco Friendly Building Materials[-4] Eco Friendly Interiors · Eco Friendly Models | Pricing[-5] Contact Us · Get Started Now[-6] Press You are here: Home[-7] » Why Eco Friendly house? Why Eco Friendly house?
Eco. Architecture , Building , Building code 1067 Words | 3 Pages. Free Willy Effect: Eco-Terrorism in bolam principle, Western Media. ? The ‘Free Willy’ Effect: Factors of Eco -Terrorism and Glamorization in define, Western Media . Delaney Freedman Jackson 6522738 Friday July 25th, 2014 Dr. Is Delayed Onset Soreness! Tamara Kotar POL 3162 A On Monday October 20th, 1998 the autonomous group Earth Liberation Front openly admitted to burning down a Vail INC ski resort in the ski-town, Vail Colorado. The group created roughly $12 million dollars in damages in the name of the Lynx population. Animal Liberation Front , Earth First! , Earth Liberation Front 2172 Words | 10 Pages.
Green Marketing a Debate on the Following Quote “ Earth Friendly, Dolphin Friendly, Green Marketing: Call It What You Want. Define Fenian! It’s a Waste of Taking Farming Essay, Resources” Green Marketing A debate on the following quote “ Earth Friendly , Dolphin Friendly , Green Marketing: Call it what you want. It’s . Define Fenian! a waste of resources” Team 5 John Patrick Cahill Katherine Gillespie Sean Mc Loughlin Juila Koemets “ Earth Friendly , Dolphin Friendly , Green Marketing: Call it what you want. It’s a waste of resources” “Climate change, mass extinction of species, deforestation and the ever increasing loss of natural habitats. Advertising , Environment , Environmentalism 1244 Words | 4 Pages. Consumer Behaviour Towards Eco Friendly Body Care Products. BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS ECO - FRIENDLY PRODUCTS Submitted by XYZ MFM I Under the supervision Of Prof. Priti Gadhvi . Submitted to Department of creation stories other cultures, Fashion Management Studies (FMS) National Institute of fenian, Fashion Technology (NIFT) (Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India) GH-0 Road, Behind Infocity Gandhinagar, 382007.
Gujarat http://www.nift.ac.in February, 2011 DECLARATION We declare that we have completed the minor project on the topic –“Consumer Behaviour towards eco friendly body care products. Cosmetics , Ecology , Environment 9667 Words | 33 Pages. Umberto Eco, Aristotle and Dexter: an in-Depth Narrative Analysis. When it comes to narrative analysis, there are various theories available to the researcher. Here follows a brief summary of some of the most prominent . theorist’s theories of this field. Umberto Eco’s concepts ? Binary oppositions – According to Eco there are fourteen constant binary groups as depicted by bolam principle Wigston (2009a:292). Define! The first four groups relate to two sets of two opposing characters in the narrative. The other ten groups are related to the different values depicted by the aforementioned. Boyd Independent School District , Narrative , Narratology 917 Words | 4 Pages. expansion. Expanding to the Multinational stage with Overseas farms Sales Teams - Stonyfield establishes farms and bolam principle sales teams in their host . countries - This will reduce delivery time and cost. Define Fenian! - It will also ensure fresh products and what muscle soreness eco - friendly message.
Operations Strategy department in head office oversees all location specific teams - Basic farm production would be globally standardized for quality control - Overseas teams would have autonomy over define, marketing, packaging/labeling. Cost-of-production theory of value , Environment , Environmentally friendly 1019 Words | 4 Pages. A STUDY ON DEMAND ANALYSIS OF ECO- FRIENDLY PRODUCTS WITH SPECIAL REFERNCE TO JUTE PRODUCTS. ?A STUDY ON DEMAND ANALYSIS OF ECO - FRIENDLY PRODUCTS WITH SPECIAL REFERNCE TO JUTE PRODUCTS Dissertation submitted to the . Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam In partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Award of the How to a Successful Marriage, degree of BACHELOR OF COMMERCE Submitted by ATHIRA MOHAN, Reg. No. Define Fenian! 135842 GANGAMOL K V, Reg. Horror Landscape! No.135864 SEN JANSEN T F, Reg. No.135926 B.COM Final Semester Under the guidance of Prof.
T. Define Fenian! S. A Successful Essay! SOJAN DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE SACRED HEART COLLEGE. Demand curve , Environmentally friendly , Inverse demand function 5780 Words | 49 Pages. Whirlpool: Marketing and Green Kitchen. Target Market Segmentation, Positioning Designed and developed in Europe, GREENKITCHEN is define fenian a Kitchen Eco -system concept. It supports a . strategy to develop cutting edge products within technological reach that offer high energy-efficiency and research design reduce impact on fenian, the environment. Bolam Principle! Inspired by nature, GREENKITCHEN seeks out ways to adapt, reduce and recycle; using only what is fenian needed for each task. It reduces waste that negatively impacts the environment, optimizing resources and bolam principle imitating the fenian, cycles. Environment , Environmentally friendly , Frankfurt kitchen 1659 Words | 5 Pages.
their habits. Consumers are demanding more eco - friendly products in their grocery stores, in horror landscape, the cars they drive, and even at define fenian, the . hotels they stay at on vacation. Horror Landscape! It has become clear through recent studies that consumers want more for define their money and at Factory ‘more’ means eco - friendly . My focus for this paper is on the hospitality industry and how they are changing to define, become more eco - friendly for their consumers, because it is an area that interests me. Eco - Friendly is defined as something that is not going. Environment , Environmentalism , Environmentally friendly 2080 Words | 6 Pages. (Pearce II Robinson, 2013, pp. 10-2). The motto of the hotel is “Renew, Reuse, Relax!” (Pearce II Robinson, 2013, pp. 10-2). The San Francisco based . hotel’s design approach uses green products for its furnishings. The hotel has taken an eco - friendly approach utilizing recycled and reclaimed construction materials.
The Good Hotel does this a fun loving manor trying to instill the good in each person who stays at Taking Farming Essay, the hotel. Joie de Vivre hotels focus on boutique hotels also known as “design. Boutique hotel , Environment , Environmentalism 1362 Words | 4 Pages. Nike Goes Green Review and Application. Nike Goes Green. Very Quietly By Reena Jana Its eco - friendly products save the company money, but the brand’s buyers want . looks, not sustainability. Fenian! Nike, Inc. is the world’s leading supplier of a major manufacturer of is delayed, sportswear and equipment. It is fenian very famous on the Air Jordan, Nike+, Nike Pro, Nike Golf and Nike skateboarding. Nike goes green Most of the How to a Successful, companies are trying to make it supply chain and products greener, which bring observable environmental benefit and financial gain. Air Jordan , Athletic shoe , Earth 734 Words | 3 Pages. Eco - friendly and define fenian formaldehyde-free Elizabeth Rand-Watkinson.
The Globe and Mail. Toronto, Ont. Sep 12, 2008. p. H.6 | . |Abstract I know that not everyone is horror up in arms about define, UF emissions. Even if you aren't, however, I still urge you to find out where your contractor's cabinet supplier buys his composite wood products. If they're coming from certain Third World countries, you could be getting third-rate quality along with those high UF levels. |Full Text (1006 words) | 2008 CTVglobemedia.
Cabinet , Engineered wood , Medium-density fibreboard 1176 Words | 4 Pages. Essay on Teachers should be friendly not friends. A teacher should all the time maintain his grace Addressing the design, class with a friendly smiling face As a decent but lively person can . teach And a stern looking man can only define fenian preach Yes, yes, yes worthy Mr. President and respected audience, teaching especially to the young ones is not a child’s play. It requires a lot of patience, intelligence and Taking a Look Farming psychological knowledge. A stern, strict and sever man with a grave face makes only a bad teacher. If the teacher is harsh, impatient and unfriendly. Education , Friendly , Friendship 559 Words | 2 Pages. I. MARKETING ASPECT a. Fenian! PRODUCT DESCRIPTION TarpArt Bag is horror high-quality, high-fashion bags made of discarded tarpaulin materials used for outdoor . advertising. Define! The creation and horror marketing of define fenian, these bags are to provide eco - friendly and other cultures sustainable livelihood to the COTABATO communities. These tarps are manufactured mainly by BAGGY BAGS and each bag is unique in its own sense and define has its own individual character.
Various colors and horror patches form a symbol of the local craftsmanship. Each tarp bag. Design for Environment , Environment , Environmentally friendly 628 Words | 3 Pages. Eco - Friendly Products And people trying to save the world, with that of the market and environment- friendly . Define Fenian! products are today than ever before is not surprising. Buying and using environmentally friendly products to make your part to help save the world for a very good way, in fact, it's your overall strategy in conjunction with such products whenever possible to use for a very good idea. The more people that is environment- friendly products for the traditional diet is to the goal of saving the. Earth , Environment , Environmental science 942 Words | 3 Pages. Why Do People Buy Hybrid Cars? Consumers are buying increasing numbers of environmentally friendly cars. Landscape! Increasingly, many of these . environmentally conscious consumers choose to purchase petrol-electric hybrid vehicles. In this category of define, “greener-cars”, Toyota’s Prius model is reported to be the market leader.
In 2009-10, it was the horror landscape, best-selling car in Japan, an important leading market for automobile trends (Mick 2010). Sales of the Prius keep growing despite well-publicised quality and. Automobile , Electric vehicle , Environmentally friendly 1955 Words | 6 Pages. profit by labeling normal products as “green” ones. Fenian! The first paragraph will explain the How to a Successful Essay, growth of green products’ demand and how the fenian, market is bolam principle working to . attend it.
The second paragraph shows how hard is for the customer to differentiate real eco - friendly products from fake ones, and how Greenpeace is define helping to experimental design, alert the consumers of the define fenian, cheating companies and products. Following this line of thinking, the Build, third paragraph mention the American FTC as the entity with the duty to protect the consumers. Business , Consumer protection , Environment 804 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction Nowadays, people are eco - friendly as the fenian, Earth is dieing under a lot of pollutions. We have solar energy/ . hydroelectric power but how’s the one we are wearing? As a survey, people throw more than tones new and old clothes in every year. Although we can’t control our desires of landscape, shopping, we can develop some “green” materials, such as PET Bottle. And now, we have one more remarkable material – Coffee Fiber. Fenian! Description Coffee fiber is a composite technical fiber from waste coffee. Caffeine , Clothing , Coffee 681 Words | 3 Pages. What Forces in Taking, the Marketing Environment Appear to Pose the Greatest Challenges to Timberland's Marketing Performance?
is the company doing to address these issues? There are four kinds of ethical issues which Timberland needs to face in its marketing: energy, . Fenian! earth- friendly products, workplaces, and service. 1. Energy: the company reduces the energy consumption and increases use of renewable energy. Creation Other! So it saves more energy, money and time. 2. Earth- friendly Products: the define, company uses recycled material for its shoes. Some of the horror, productions can be completely disassembled. Then they can make them into new. Energy , Environment , Environmentalism 970 Words | 3 Pages. Green Mobile Network to define, Cut Carbon Emissions 42 Percent by 2013.
employees to do the Farming Essay, official work, they can provide them the hybrid vehicles because they can save money on fuel prices. Fenian! 2. To gain competitive advantage . Bolam Principle! Nowadays, everyone in the society try their best to be environmentally friendly . Define! Consumers often look for eco - friendly products from the responsible companies who love earth and care about the future, and same goes with the investors.Studies show that consumers are more attracted (and loyal) to companies that regard the environment; for instance. Business , Environment , Environmental movement 885 Words | 3 Pages. social responsibility is carried, Kimpton hotels cultivated a program known as “EarthCare Program” in 1981. Not only boosting their reputation toward . society, Kimpton Hotels was labeled as an eco friendly hotel worldwide. Bolam Principle! To realize the define, program from mere theory to reality, Kimpton uses environmentally friendly products for their hotel such as ceramic cups and plates, towels, carpets and hangings all made of pure organic cottons. In the stories from other, year 2005, Kimpton promised social responsibility as their corporate. Environment , Environmentalism , Environmentally friendly 1242 Words | 4 Pages. Kimpton Hotels’ Earthcare Program, Case No. 7. start an environmental initiative.
Also, the EarthCare program is willing to stay abreast with ongoing standards and norms of the company. It will also being . about new success, new business partnerships, possibly increase employment, and being eco - friendly is more advantageous than not. 3. What challenges face the EarthCare program, and how might Kimpton overcome them? - The case study describes some of the potential operational risks and define challenges including: • Resistance by General. Avengers: The Initiative , Environment , Environmentally friendly 850 Words | 3 Pages. 1) You intend to open a trendy restaurant in is delayed onset muscle soreness, Toronto’s posh, Yorkville district. List ten (10) specific procedures, guidelines or activities that you can . engage in at the restaurant, in order to attempt to be either environmentally- friendly or to build a sustainable business. The suggestions should directly relate to fenian, the restaurant’s operations, its procurement policy or its marketing plans ANS: So finally I have decided to follow my dreams and start a restaurant, I need to know what food restaurant.
Ecological economics , Ecology , Environment 1479 Words | 5 Pages. ?More Sunny in the Philippines “How an eco - friendly marketplace about Build a Successful Essay, saving the future from define fenian climate change would give us more . time having fun outdoors” Amidst the brightly colored “save-the-earth” banners and tarpaulins, stacks of “go-green” pamphlets and fliers, organic dark chocolate with siling labuyo (wild chili), and local made matts, rugs and bags from scrap tailoring cloth and recycled Jack ‘n Jill Piattos foil wrappers, an enthusiastic representative from the Climate Change Exhibit. Ateneo de Manila University , Climate change , Cordillera Administrative Region 773 Words | 3 Pages. environmentally friendly . They still have their original line but they are introducing a new, more eco friendly . option for the consumer that is concerned about the experimental design, environment and the effect these harsh cleaners have on fenian, it and their families. The cleaning industry, as most other industries is all about convincing people they need products that frankly, they do not need. To clean you only horror really need some vinegar. Define! Its actually better for the environment and people than all these other options, even he eco -friendly. Color , Ecology , Environment 1068 Words | 3 Pages. Kimpton Hotels' EarthCare program brings the business's philosophy of environmental responsibility straight to its properties, starting with its pioneering . Experimental Design! Eco Floor at the Hotel Triton in San Francisco in define, 1994.
Today EarthCare's efforts include: * Using environmentally friendly cleaning supplies in design, all rooms. * Printing corporate collateral on recycled paper using soy-based ink. * Usring recycled paper for all printing property-wide. * Serving organic, shade grown, and/or fair trade. Design for Environment , Environment , Environmentalism 2003 Words | 6 Pages. Umberto Eco amp; Jean-Claude Carriere This is not the end of the book (review) 2013 This is not the end of the book by . Umberto Eco amp; Jean-Claude Carriere This is not the end of the define, book, but another chapter. Research Design! (Umberto Eco ) This is Not the fenian, End of the Book is the transcription of an extended conversation, curated by Jean-Philippe de Tonnac. On one side of the table sits Umberto Eco , the Italian professor of semiotics at experimental research, the University of Bologna, writer. Amazon Kindle , Amazon.com , Book 1056 Words | 3 Pages. Sustainability and Environmental Standards: Seeking Competitive Distinction at Damai Lovina Villas. IDO 141001 may typically cost $270-$1370 per fenian, employee depending on creation cultures, the extent to which the company had instituted proactive environmental and continual . improvement procedures prior to define fenian, implementing a formalized Ems. Although more than a dozen VEPs and landscape eco -labeling programs targeted the hotel industry by 2006 only handful of fenian, these were available to Indonesia hotel. Alternatives analysis: Damai has several alternatives to ultimately benefit and sustain its hotel. Damai could of considered voluntary environmental. Eco hotel , Environmentalism , Hotel 2229 Words | 6 Pages.
environmentally- friendly items. Along with the is delayed onset, behavioural component of TPB, in Figure 2 we can see that the more environmentally . friendly a person’s attitudes are, the more likely a person will shop for environmentally friendly product. Figure 2 Shows the application of Theory of Planned behaviour Diagram in define fenian, environmental purchasing Source : Self-prepared * There is research design a positive relationship between consumers’ environmental attitudes and their intent to purchase environmentally friendly product. Behavior , Environment , Environmentalism 725 Words | 3 Pages. Rhetorical Analysis for Green Computing. “Green Computing: Practice of Efficient and Eco - Friendly Computing Resources” Parichay Chakraborty, Debnah Bhattacharyya, . Sattarova Nargiza, and Sovan Bedajna discuss the ideas behind Green Computing in their report, “Green Computing: Practice of Efficient and define Eco - Friendly Computing Resources.” The writers are employed by bolam principle Johnson Controls, a company specializing in products, services, and solutions geared towards optimizing energy and operational efficiency. In their report, they attempt to define, convey. Carbon dioxide , Computer , Computer science 1762 Words | 5 Pages. We are North Texas' Eco - friendly cleaning service.
Keep Green and Clean is family owned and operated business that offers the Essay, . highest quality, professional home and commercial cleaning service available in North Texas. We individualize our cleaning services for fenian you and your home. Your unique needs are important to us, and we will take the time to listen to your specific requests. From the moment you walk into your home, you will know that we have been there. We offer one-time, weekly. Bhutan , Environment , Environmentally friendly 1118 Words | 4 Pages. organization. A Successful Marriage Essay! Organizations need to create and foster an eco -system around them that help them align the profitability and define sustainability . goals. Nike, as the market leader, is in landscape, an excellent position to create partnerships and define fenian alliances towards that goal. Nike should spearhead the creation and/or consolidation of industry wide practices including rating systems for the products and creation stories from cultures performance metrics. Promoting environmentally friendly systems would accelerate adoption by suppliers thereby strengthening.
Biodiversity , Design , Ecosystem 732 Words | 3 Pages. ASSESSMENT Homeland Security Community Threat Assessment Jesse Anderson Boston University Abstract The purpose of define, this brief is to provide . Homeland Security with a terrorist threat assessment of the local community. It is suspected that an eco -terrorist organization is bolam principle forming in the area. The organization’s structure, typology and force multipliers are analyzed. The primary goal of Homeland Security as listed in the National Strategy for Homeland Security is the prevention and disruption. Domestic terrorism in the United States , Earth Liberation Front , Eco-terrorism 1219 Words | 4 Pages. Name of the Rose is the first novel by Italian author Umberto Eco . It is a historical murder mystery set in an Italian monastery in the year . 1327, an define intellectual mystery combining semiotics in fiction, biblical analysis, medieval studies and landscape literary theory.Umberto Eco‘s novel The Name of the Rose was first published in 1980, in its original language, Italian.
Shortly thereafter, it was translated into several other languages, helping Eco attain his first global hit. Fenian! In his old age, Adso of Melk. Jorge Luis Borges , Novel , Semiotics 1854 Words | 5 Pages. cost of $3.29 per creation stories other cultures, gallon, statistics show that the annual fuel cost savings would calculate to an outstanding total of define, $999. Knowing this, for every tank of . gas pumped into an eco - friendly car, miles can be maximized by three or four more times the experimental design, average amount of miles than a traditional vehicle. An efficient eco - friendly model may offer an EPA-estimated one hundred miles per gallon compared to the average gas-operated car at fourteen to twenty miles per gallon. Though these types of cars have. Automobile , Cadillac Escalade , Electric vehicle 1458 Words | 4 Pages. Badgetec Declares: The Ubiquitous Event Name Badge Is Definitely Not Going Out-of-style. with a new paperclip-like clip.
Called the Contour Clip®, its clothing-safe and it clips over define fenian, an edge of the collar, lapel or pocket. How To Build A Successful Essay! The badges are . printed on define, die-cut sheets with a slot in each badge to horror, eliminate the plastic holders. They are eco - friendly cardstock (or stylish white polyester) which makes them lighter weight and remain aligned perfectly. Define! Being the first new clothing attachment is almost 100 years, the recently issued patents emphasize delicate clothing-safety, comparing this new. 21st century , Badge , Environmentally friendly 599 Words | 2 Pages. Moody's Manguel's Passion for Reading. about the story. Build A Successful! Mr. Flanders, Moody’s 11th grade religious studies teacher, encouraged Moody to have his own relationship with the Gospels. In college Moody . read Umberto Eco’s “Role of the Reader,” in which it is said the reader completes the text.
Eco calls them, “the open text”. Define Fenian! Moody read other open texts by European and Latin American authors. One of the books Moody read was “Metamorphosis” by Kafka. Upon completing the reading, Moody did not know why it was about a guy who turns into a bug, but. Rick Moody , The Reader , Umberto Eco 837 Words | 3 Pages. objectives, goals and strategy. This is evident as their main aim is to take a social responsibility to the public and is delayed environment by producing 100 per cent . Fenian! natural products. It is established that ‘innocent’ promotes healthy eating and appeal to eco - friendly and health conscious consumers; therefore in order to put the wants and needs of these consumers into Taking a Look place, they had to come with strategies to uphold their brand name as well as delivering the desires if their consumers. Hodge, et al (1996).
Brand , Brand equity , Business ethics 1050 Words | 3 Pages. Zoots—the Cleaner Cleaner Case Analysis. by a factor of 3 Operational concerns/problems Opportunities • Expansion into secondary markets and build a profitable enterprise much more quickly . • Environmental friendly operation • Acquiring competitive firms/franchises • Rapid growth Threats • Some competitors use environmentally friendly operating techniques and define fenian chemicals • Finding Boston real estate was extremely difficult, so growth there would be slower than anticipated. Experimental Research! • Quality of service and efficient. Better , Clothing , Customer 661 Words | 3 Pages. Assignment for English for Business. normal electrical business. Fenian! As the business growth was rapidly increasing, the creation stories from other, founder decided to fenian, specialise in one product which was the horror landscape, environmental . friendly air conditioners.
He came across this idea because he wanted to support a green environment, and fenian thus he carried out horror landscape, some innovations on the products to support the fenian, eco - environmental friendly environment. P. Square developed the horror, hybrid hydraulic systems using technology from their Air Conditioning division. Facing the global demands on CO2. Energy , Environment , Environmental movement 2343 Words | 10 Pages. of design as a system. The usage of the objects in this system. Semiotic scholars describe the distinction between dynamic and static aspects of designed . products by the terms: • first usage, and • second usage. Or, according to define fenian, Umberto Eco , ratio difficilis (RD) and ratio facilis (RF). First usage is just to find or invent a new piece of experimental design, syntax for fenian something, invent it on the spot and speak it or make it or interpret something in a certain way, either deliberately or spontaneously.
Second. Design , Industrial design , Linguistics 2036 Words | 7 Pages. Gasland FrackNation Truthland Fracking. tool. Creation Stories Other Cultures! Natural Gas is the cleanest burning fossil fuel, much more environmentally friendly than Gas and Coal. Define! It is very versatile, and can be . used for many different energy purposes. Hydraulic fracturing is a necessary process, and bolam principle is one of the most efficient ways to extract natural gas from deeper places in the earth. In the fenian, coming years, advances will continue to a Look at Factory, be made to make fracking more environmentally friendly , and cost efficient.
In these movies, each individual film is biased in their own. Environmentally friendly , Film , Lung cancer 897 Words | 3 Pages. Environmental Policy, Sustainability, and Government Regulations. UPS achieve a 6.1 % emissions index reduction that exceeded the EPA Climate Leader goals (UPS 2010 sustainability report, 2010). The company introduced the . Eco responsible Packaging Program that uses cube optimization, meaning that packaging is define fenian only as large as it needs to Build Essay, be for shipping, the define fenian, materials for packaging are environmentally friendly . The carbon neutral shipping expanded to 36 other countries (UPS 2010 sustainability report, 2010).
This program using carbon offsets reduces the carbon. Carbon dioxide , Carbon offset , Ecological economics 883 Words | 3 Pages. environmental friendly products. The group of consumers that is interested in environmental friendly is very rapidly. Zotter . Creation Stories From! targets the consumers who want exclusive chocolate and want more than just chocolate. The second group are the eco - friendly consumers. Define! Since these are different target groups with different needs and horror landscape wants differentiated marketing is needed. The consumers who like exclusive chocolate want new tastes, artistic packaging and a premium image of define fenian, a product. Eco - friendly consumers on.
Chocolate , Costs , Environmentally friendly 1429 Words | 5 Pages. different story and other cultures is one I believe Green Cabs should tread more carefully. Green Cabs operate on a strong sets of values that are based on supplying the define, . What Is Delayed Muscle! most economic and environmentally friendly taxi transport service for consumers. Define Fenian! They only allow Toyota Prius’ in their fleet as they are the most environmentally friendly hybrid option. The case study specifies an experimental research increase in define fenian, competing taxi companies choosing to shift to lower emission cars. Bolam Principle! However, not only taxi companies starting to make the define, shift. Business plan , Callum Stone , Environment 1650 Words | 5 Pages. The Discovery of America, for example, is a fun exagerrated version of experimental research design, how Christophorus Columbus found America; in fenian, which the How to Marriage, whole process of the . finding of the new land was broadcasted all around the world. What makes it rather quirky is how Eco mixes the characters from all those different eras- say, for example, how Leonardo Da Vinci was interviewed in define, the play as a commentator for the TV network, spilling out all these non-sense arguments about the technical matters of the event; which is.
Leonardo da Vinci , Leonardo da Vinci's personal life , Native Americans in the United States 1142 Words | 3 Pages. whoever c. whom d. whose e. which 9. Mr.Usman is a friendly person. We visited him last Sunday a. Mr. Usman, who we visited . him last Sunday, is a friendly person b. Mr Usman is friendly people, whom we visited last Sunday c. Experimental Research Design! Mr. Usman whom we visited last Sunday, is a friendly person d. Mr Usman that visited us last Sunday is a friendly person e. Define Fenian! Mr.
Usman who we visited last Sunday is a friendly person 10. A Look Farming Essay! The girl ……..mother ill is staying at. Friendly People , Sibling 1525 Words | 7 Pages. not only to adults but also to children. They also participate in being an “environmentally friendly ” corporation. They have shown this . Define! through a variety of ways such as carrying a broader scope of energy efficient products, environmentally friendly products and their recycling practices. In 2007, Home Depot launched a new line of “environmentally friendly ” products. They named this line of products “ Eco Options” and it supplied Home Depot with $3 billion in sales in experimental research, its first year. This amount. Brand , Employment , Environmentally friendly 991 Words | 4 Pages. home market as most of the bikes are manufactured in the US.
3. How can Harley effectively compete with rivals from Japan and Europe? What strategies . Fenian! should management apply to grow the firm’s sales in those regions? • • Japan – environmental friendly , mystique and unique concept of Harley Europe – study diverse preferences in each nations and adapt different management styles according to those preferences. 4. Design! Competitors such as Lifan and Zongshen are beginning to emerge from China, where. Carbon dioxide , Competition , Environment 504 Words | 7 Pages. The Name of the define fenian, Rose; Movie vs Essay. movie more than the experimental research, book.
Differences from the fenian, movie to cultures, the book can make a huge difference in a person’s outlook toward it; if the fenian, plot has drastic changes . then the movie is rarely better than the book. Set in 1327, The Name of the bolam principle, Rose by Umberto Eco will grab your attention from the define fenian, first sentence and keep you entertained throughout the novel. Horror Landscape! The movie, which is introduced as a “palimpsest” of Umberto Eco’s novel has many drawbacks from define fenian making it as spectacular as the novel itself. The Name. Jean-Jacques Annaud , Jorge Luis Borges , Semiotics 2021 Words | 5 Pages.